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Keyu Xie, You You, Kai Yuan, Wei Lu, Kun Zhang, Fei Xu, Mao Ye, Shanming Ke, Chao Shen, Xierong Zeng, Xiaoli Fan, Bingqing Wei
A brand new polysulfide entrapping strategy based on the ferroelectric effect has been demonstrated for the first time. By simply adding the nano-ferroelectrics (BaTiO3 nanoparticles) into the cathode, the heteropolar polysulfides can be anchored within the cathode due to the internal electric field originated from the spontaneous polarization BaTiO3 nanoparticles, and thus significantly improving the cycle stability of Li-S batteries.
December 5, 2016: Advanced Materials
Ronggang Cai, Vlad-Andrei Antohe, Zhijun Hu, Bernard Nysten, Luc Piraux, Alain M Jonas
A nanopatterned hybrid layer is designed, wherein the electric polarization can be flipped at room temperature by a magnetic field aided by an electrical field. This is achieved by embedding ferromagnetic nanopillars in a continuous organic ferroelectric layer, and amplifying the magnetostriction-generated stress gradients by scaling down the supracrystalline cell of the material.
December 5, 2016: Advanced Materials
Romain de Monchy, François Destrempes, Ratan K Saha, Guy Cloutier, Emilie Franceschini
The effective medium theory (EMT) was recently developed to model the ultrasound backscatter from aggregating red blood cells [Franceschini, Metzger, and Cloutier, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 58, 2668-2679 (2011)]. The EMT assumes that aggregates can be treated as homogeneous effective scatterers, which have effective properties determined by the aggregate compactness and the acoustical characteristics of the cells and the surrounding medium. In this study, the EMT is further developed to decompose the differential backscattering cross section of a single cell aggregate into coherent and incoherent components...
September 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Almonir Abdulgader Mansour, Thottam S Kalkur
A switchable and tunable bulk acoustic wave (BAW) duplexer for RF applications is presented in this paper. The fabricated BAW duplexer was built on sapphire substrate using solidly mounted resonators. A metal-organic solution deposition technique was used to form resonators with barium strontium titanate (BST) thin film and six layers of silicon dioxide and tantalum oxide as Bragg reflector. By applying dc bias, the BST thin film shows an electrostrictive effect, and the two filter paths of the BAW duplexer switch to a bandpass response with center frequencies at 4...
December 2016: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Suhas Somnath, Alex Belianinov, Sergei V Kalinin, Stephen Jesse
Polarization switching in ferroelectric and multiferroic materials underpins a broad range of current and emergent applications, ranging from random access memories to field-effect transistors, and tunnelling devices. Switching in these materials is exquisitely sensitive to local defects and microstructure on the nanometre scale, necessitating spatially resolved high-resolution studies of these phenomena. Classical piezoresponse force microscopy and spectroscopy, although providing necessary spatial resolution, are fundamentally limited in data acquisition rates and energy resolution...
December 2, 2016: Nature Communications
Jack Binns, Garry J McIntyre, Simon Parsons
The pressure- and temperature-dependent phase transitions in the ferroelectric material rubidium hydrogen sulfate (RbHSO4) are investigated by a combination of neutron Laue diffraction and high-pressure X-ray diffraction. The observation of disordered O-atom positions in the hydrogen sulfate anions is in agreement with previous spectroscopic measurements in the literature. Contrary to the mechanism observed in other hydrogen-bonded ferroelectric materials, H-atom positions are well defined and ordered in the paraelectric phase...
December 1, 2016: Acta Crystallographica Section B, Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials
Matthew J Burch, Chris M Fancher, Srikanth Patala, Marc De Graef, Elizabeth C Dickey
A novel technique, which directly and nondestructively maps polar domains using electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) is described and demonstrated. Through dynamical diffraction simulations and quantitative comparison to experimental EBSD patterns, the absolute orientation of a non-centrosymmetric crystal can be determined. With this information, the polar domains of a material can be mapped. The technique is demonstrated by mapping the non-ferroelastic, or 180°, ferroelectric domains in periodically poled LiNbO3 single crystals...
November 18, 2016: Ultramicroscopy
Biswajit Pathak, Bosanta R Boruah
In this Letter, we introduce a scheme to enhance the spatial resolution of a zonal wavefront sensor. The zonal wavefront sensor comprises an array of binary gratings implemented by a ferroelectric spatial light modulator (FLCSLM) followed by a lens, in lieu of the array of lenses in the Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor. We show that the fast response of the FLCSLM device facilitates quick display of several laterally shifted binary grating patterns, and the programmability of the device enables simultaneous capturing of each focal spot array...
December 1, 2016: Optics Letters
Bosen Wang, Kenya Ohgushi
The discovery of the post-perovskite transition, which is the structural transition from the perovskite to post-perovskite structure in MgSiO3 under pressure, has aroused great interests in geosciences. Despite of previous extensive studies, key factors of the post-perovsktie transition are still under hot debate primarily due to the big difficulty in performing systematic experiments under extreme conditions. Hence, search for new materials showing the post-perovskite transition under ambient pressure has been highly expected...
November 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
Moumita Dutta, Soutik Betal, Xomalin G Peralta, Amar S Bhalla, Ruyan Guo
Phase modulators are one of the key components of many applications in electromagnetic and opto-electric wave propagations. Phase-shifters play an integral role in communications, imaging and in coherent material excitations. In order to realize the terahertz (THz) electromagnetic spectrum as a fully-functional bandwidth, the development of a family of efficient THz phase modulators is needed. Although there have been quite a few attempts to implement THz phase modulators based on quantum-well structures, liquid crystals, or meta-materials, significantly improved sensitivity and dynamic control for phase modulation, as we believe can be enabled by piezoelectric-resonance devices, is yet to be investigated...
November 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
A Stucky, G W Scheerer, Z Ren, D Jaccard, J-M Poumirol, C Barreteau, E Giannini, D van der Marel
We report the influence on the superconducting critical temperature Tc in doped SrTiO3 of the substitution of the natural (16)O atoms by the heavier isotope (18)O. We observe that for a wide range of doping this substitution causes a strong (~50%) enhancement of Tc. Also the magnetic critical field Hc2 is increased by a factor ~2. Such a strong impact on Tc and Hc2, with a sign opposite to conventional superconductors, is unprecedented. The observed effect could be the consequence of strong coupling of the doped electrons to lattice vibrations (phonons), a notion which finds support in numerous optical and photo-emission studies...
November 28, 2016: Scientific Reports
Chao Li, Lingyan Wang, Zhao Wang, Yaodong Yang, Wei Ren, Guang Yang
Oxide interface engineering has attracted considerable attention since the discovery of its exotic properties induced by lattice strain, dislocation and composition change at the interface. In this paper, the atomic resolution structure and composition of the interface between the lead-free piezoelectric (K0.5Na0.5)NbO3 (KNN) thin films and single-crystalline SrTiO3 substrate were investigated by means of scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) combining with electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS)...
November 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
Yu Wang, Weigang Zhu, Huanli Dong, Xiaotao Zhang, Rongjin Li, Wenping Hu
Organic cocrystals that are composed of two or more components usually exhibit novel, unpredictable, and even unique properties rather than a simple combination of the properties of their components, such as white-light emission, ambipolar charge transport, nonlinear optics, and ferroelectricity. Since cocrystal engineering represents a novel strategy for synthesizing multifunctional materials, which opens the door for molecular collaborative innovation, it has aroused much attention in recent years. However, as it is also a relatively new research field, it is only in its early stages of development...
December 2016: Topics in Current Chemistry (Journal)
C Lu, N Nakajima, H Maruyama
Flexoelectricity, defined as the spontaneous electric polarization in a dielectric material induced by a strain gradient, is investigated from the microscopic viewpoint by x-ray spectroscopy. A single crystal SrTiO3 sample was used as a test system in order to reveal the appearance of the electric dipole moment by simple bending of the crystal. The spectral change characteristic of ferroelectric transition in SrTiO3 was not observed in the Ti K-edge absorption spectra. Instead, the gradual decrease (increase) of the post-edge feature (pre-edge structure) by bending was qualitatively explained using theoretical calculations that assumed the presence of oxygen vacancies and a slight crystal distortion...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Muhammad Boota, Evert P Houwman, Matthijn Dekkers, Minh D Nguyen, Kurt H Vergeer, Giulia Lanzara, Gertjan Koster, Guus Rijnders
Epitaxial (PbMg1/3Nb2/3O3)2/3-(PbTiO3)1/3 (PMN-PT) films with different out-of-plane orientations were prepared using a CeO2/yttria stabilized ZrO2 bilayer buffer and symmetric SrRuO3 electrodes on silicon substrates by pulsed laser deposition. The orientation of the SrRuO3 bottom electrode, either (110) or (001), was controlled by the deposition conditions and the subsequent PMN-PT layer followed the orientation of the bottom electrode. The ferroelectric, dielectric and piezoelectric properties of the (SrRuO3/PMN-PT/SrRuO3) ferroelectric capacitors exhibit orientation dependence...
2016: Science and Technology of Advanced Materials
Peng-Fei Li, Yuan-Yuan Tang, Zhong-Xia Wang, Heng-Yun Ye, Yu-Meng You, Ren-Gen Xiong
Molecular ferroelectrics are currently an active research topic in the field of ferroelectric materials. As complements or alternatives of conventional inorganic ferroelectrics, they have been designed to realize various novel properties, ranging from multiferroicity and semiconductive ferroelectricity to ferroelectric photovoltaics and ferroelectric luminescence. The stabilizing of ferroelectricity in various systems is owing to the flexible tailorability of the organic components. Here we describe the construction of optically active molecular ferroelectrics by introducing homochiral molecules as polar groups...
November 23, 2016: Nature Communications
Almonir Mansour, Thottam Kalkur
This paper presents the design, fabrication and experimental evaluation of switchable and tunable thin film bulk acoustic wave (BAW) resonators and filters with MOSD deposited BST for radio frequency (RF) applications. The switchability and tunability of these devices come from utilizing the electrostrictive effect of ferroelectric materials such as barium strontium titanate (BST) with the application of an external dc bias voltage. The BAW resonators and filters in this paper were fabricated on high resistivity silicon substrate as solidly mounted resonator (SMR) structure with eight layers of silicon dioxide and tantalum oxide as a Bragg reflector...
November 18, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Margo Staruch, Daniel B Gopman, Yury L Iunin, Robert D Shull, Shu Fan Cheng, Konrad Bussmann, Peter Finkel
The ability to tune both magnetic and electric properties in magnetoelectric (ME) composite heterostructures is crucial for multiple transduction applications including energy harvesting or magnetic field sensing, or other transduction devices. While large ME coupling achieved through interfacial strain-induced rotation of magnetic anisotropy in magnetostrictive/piezoelectric multiferroic heterostructures has been demonstrated, there are presently certain restrictions for achieving a full control of magnetism in an extensive operational dynamic range, limiting practical realization of this effect...
November 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
Mousa Ayoub, Hannes Futterlieb, Jörg Imbrock, Cornelia Denz
Čerenkov-type second-harmonic generation microscopy is used for in situ 3D imaging of the switching process of ferroelectric domains in a relaxor-type ferroelectric crystal. The lateral and longitudinal domain wall motion is optically measured and compared with the hysteresis loop to reveal the connection between the domain kinetics and the ferroelectric aging effect in strontium barium niobate.
November 11, 2016: Advanced Materials
Jonathan J P Peters, Geanina Apachitei, Richard Beanland, Marin Alexe, Ana M Sanchez
Formation of domain walls in ferroelectrics is not energetically favourable in low-dimensional systems. Instead, vortex-type structures are formed that are driven by depolarization fields occurring in such systems. Consequently, polarization vortices have only been experimentally found in systems in which these fields are deliberately maximized, that is, in films between insulating layers. As such configurations are devoid of screening charges provided by metal electrodes, commonly used in electronic devices, it is wise to investigate if curling polarization structures are innate to ferroelectricity or induced by the absence of electrodes...
November 16, 2016: Nature Communications
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