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M Kulik, D Kołodyńska, A Bayramov, A Drozdziel, A Olejniczak, J Żuk
The surfaces of (100) GaAs were irradiated with In+ ions. The implanted samples were isobaric annealed at 800°C and then of dielectric function, the surface atomic concentrations of atoms and also the chemical composition of the near surface layers in these implanted semiconductor samples were obtained. The following investigation methods were used: spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE), Rutherford backscattering spectrometry analyses (RBSA) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) in the study of the above mentioned quantities, respectively...
February 12, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Francesca Malvano, Luigi Maritato, Giovanni Carapella, Pasquale Orgiani, Roberto Pilloton, Marisa Di Matteo, Donatella Albanese
Due to their interesting ferroelectric, conductive and dielectric properties, in recent years, perovskite-structured materials have begun to attract increasing interest in the biosensing field. In this study, a strontium titanate perovskite layer (SrTiO₃) has been synthesized on a platinum electrode and exploited for the development of an impedimetric label-free immunosensor for Escherichia coli O157:H7 detection. The electrochemical characterization of the perovskite-modified electrode during the construction of the immunosensor, as well as after the interaction with different E...
March 16, 2018: Biosensors
Oriol Blázquez, Gemma Martín, Ivan Camps, Antonio Mariscal, Julian López-Vidrier, Joan Manel Ramirez, Sergi Hernández, Sonia Estrade, Francesca Peiro, Rosalía Serna, Blas Garrido
The resistive switching properties of silicon-aluminium oxynitride (SiAlON) based devices have been studied. Electrical transport mechanisms at both resistance states were determined, exhibiting an ohmic behaviour at low resistant state and a defect-related Poole-Frenkel mechanism at high resistant state. Nevertheless, some features on the Al top-electrode are generated during the initial electroforming, suggesting some material modifications. An in-depth microscopic study at the nanoscale have been performed after the electroforming process, by acquiring scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy images...
March 16, 2018: Nanotechnology
Seiji Obata, Minoru Sato, Keishi Akada, Koichiro Saiki
A high throughput synthesis method of graphene has been required for a long time to apply graphene to industrial applications. Of the various synthesis methods, the chemical exfoliation of graphite via graphene oxide (GO) is advantageous as far as productivity is concerned; however, the quality of the graphene produced by this method is far inferior to that synthesized by other methods, such as chemical vapor deposition on metals. Developing an effective reduction and restoration method for GO on dielectric substrates has been therefore a key issue...
March 16, 2018: Nanotechnology
Jiaohan Guo, Kevin Black, Jiawen Hu, Mahi R Singh
We developed a theory for the fluorescence (FL) for quantum emitter and double metallic nanoshell dimer hybrids using the density matrix method. The dimer is made from two identical double metallic nanoshells, which are made of a dielectric core, a gold metallic shell and a dielectric spacer layer. The quantum emitters are deposited on the surface of the spacer layers of the dimers due to the electrostatic absorptions. We consider that dimer hybrids are surrounded by biological cells. This can be achieved by injecting them in human or animal cells...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Albert F Rigosi, Heather M Hill, Nicholas R Glavin, Sujitra J Pookpanratana, Yanfei Yang, Alexander G Boosalis, Jiuning Hu, Anthony Rice, Andrew A Allerman, Nhan V Nguyen, Christina A Hacker, Randolph E Elmquist, Angela R Hight Walker, David B Newell
Monolayer epitaxial graphene (EG), grown on the Si face of SiC, is an advantageous material for a variety of electronic and optical applications. EG forms as a single crystal over millimeter-scale areas and consequently, the large scale single crystal can be utilized as a template for growth of other materials. In this work, we present the use of EG as a template to form millimeter-scale amorphous and hexagonal boron nitride ( a -BN and h -BN) films. The a -BN is formed with pulsed laser deposition and the h -BN is grown with triethylboron (TEB) and NH3 precursors, making it the first metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) process of this growth type performed on epitaxial graphene...
January 2018: 2d Materials
H Berthoumieux
This work is concerned with a simple model for a polar fluid, a Gaussian field model based on the excess density and on the polarization. It is a convenient framework to implement the dielectric properties of correlated liquids that stem from nanometric correlations between molecules. It allows us to study the effects of coupling terms between density and polarization on the structure of the fluid. Despite the simplicity of such a model, it can capture some interesting features of the response functions of water such as the quasi-resonant longitudinal dielectric susceptibility or the presence of two maxima in the structure factor...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
Bin Li, Yaqing Liu, Changjin Wan, Zhiyuan Liu, Ming Wang, Dianpeng Qi, Jiancan Yu, Pingqiang Cai, Meng Xiao, Yi Zeng, Xiaodong Chen
Memristive synapses based on resistive switching are promising electronic devices that emulate the synaptic plasticity in neural systems. Short-term plasticity (STP), reflecting a temporal strengthening of the synaptic connection, allows artificial synapses to perform critical computational functions, such as fast response and information filtering. To mediate this fundamental property in memristive electronic devices, the regulation of the dynamic resistive change is necessary for an artificial synapse. Here, it is demonstrated that the orientation of mesopores in the dielectric silica layer can be used to modulate the STP of an artificial memristive synapse...
March 15, 2018: Advanced Materials
Clarisse Ribeiro, Carlos M Costa, Daniela M Correia, João Nunes-Pereira, Juliana Oliveira, Pedro Martins, Renato Gonçalves, Vanessa F Cardoso, Senentxu Lanceros-Méndez
Poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) and its copolymers are the polymers with the highest dielectric constants and electroactive responses, including piezoelectric, pyroelectric and ferroelectric effects. This semicrystalline polymer can crystallize in five different forms, each related to a different chain conformation. Of these different phases, the β phase is the one with the highest dipolar moment and the highest piezoelectric response; therefore, it is the most interesting for a diverse range of applications...
April 2018: Nature Protocols
Luc Belloni, Daniel Borgis, Maximilien Levesque
The ion-induced long-range orientational order between water molecules recently observed in second harmonic scattering experiments and illustrated with large scale molecular dynamics simulations is quantitatively explained using the Ornstein-Zernike integral equation approach of liquid physics. This general effect, not specific to hydrogen-bonding solvents, is controlled by electroneutrality condition, dipolar interactions and dielectric+ionic screening. As expected, all numerical theories recover the well-known analytical expressions established 40 years ago...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Sreetama Pal, Nirnay Samanta, Debasish Das Mahanta, Rajib Kumar Mitra, Amitabha Chattopadhyay
Biological membranes are highly organized supramolecular assemblies of lipids and proteins. The membrane interface separates the outer (bulk) aqueous phase from the hydrophobic membrane interior. In this work, we have explored the microstructure and collective dynamics of the membrane interfacial hydration shell in zwitterionic and negatively charged phospholipid membrane bilayers using terahertz time-domain spectroscopy. We show here that the relaxation time constants of water hydrogen bond network exhibit a unique "rise and dip" pattern with increasing lipid concentration...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Wenhan Xu, Gang Yang, Lan Jin, Jie Liu, Yunhe Zhang, Zhicheng Zhang, Zhenhua Jiang
Two sets of thermal stable nanocomposites were fabricated by using engineering plastics poly (ether sulfone) (PES) as a matrix and phthalocyanine molecules (CuPc) or hyperbranched phthalocyanine (HCuPc) coated barium titanate nanoparticles (BT) as filler for high electric field and high temperature dielectric applications. By side-by-side comparison, the hyperbranched coating is finely addressed for enhancing the dielectric response and breakdown strength of the composites. Specifically, BT-HCuPc/PES exhibits 40% lower dielectric loss and about 110% larger breakdown strength than BT-CuPc/PES...
March 15, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Xiao Ming Zhang, Qiang Zhang, Shang Jie Zeng, Zhen Zhen Liu, Jun-Jun Xiao
High-index dielectric nanoantennas have become an emerging branch of optical nanoantennas, essentially due to their low loss. These types of nanoantennas can achieve both forward and backward unidirectional scattering, enabled by electric dipole and magnetic dipole interaction. Here, we show that the scattering directionality can be further enhanced if higher-order moments are properly balanced and reach the generalized Kerker condition at two different wavelengths in an all-dielectric hollow nanodisk. Moreover, putting the nanodisks in an array of transverse configuration can enhance the unidirectionality to be needle-like, with the main lobe angular beam width α<15°...
March 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Yuriy Akimov
This Letter revises the resonance theory of Kretschmann and Otto configurations, where enhanced electromagnetic fields and strong reflectance dips observed under total internal reflection are conventionally attributed to the resonance on surface plasmon-polaritons, the subsystem eigenwaves supported by a single metal/dielectric interface. The rigorous mathematical analysis demonstrates that the field enhancement and reflection decrease, in fact, are two independent physical phenomena that occur under different conditions...
March 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Marco Ornigotti
In this work, I present a full analytical theory for the Goos-Hänchen and Imbert-Fedorov shifts experienced by an Airy beam impinging on a dielectric surface. In particular, I will show how the decay parameter α associated with finite energy Airy beams is responsible for the occurrence of giant angular shifts. A comparison with the case of Gaussian beams is also discussed.
March 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Sencer Ayas, Gokhan Bakan, Erol Ozgur, Kemal Celebi, Gamze Torunoglu, Aykutlu Dana
Metal films covered with ultrathin lossy dielectrics can exhibit strong interference effects manifested as the broad absorption of the incident light resulting in distinct surface colors. Despite their simple bilayer structures, such surfaces have only recently been scrutinized and applied mainly to color printing. Here, we report the use of such surfaces for colorimetric detection of ultrathin dielectrics. Upon deposition of a nanometer-thick dielectric on the surface, the absorption peak red shifts, changing the surface color...
March 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Laurent Frey, Lilian Masarotto, Loubna El Melhaoui, Sophie Verrun, Stéphane Minoret, Guillaume Rodriguez, Agathe André, Frédéric Ritton, Pascale Parrein
New architectures of interference silver-dielectric multilayer filters inspired from induced transmission designs are investigated with the prospect of high-performance red-green-blue (RGB) complementary metal oxide semiconductor imaging. The optimized designs provide combined colorimetric, signal-to-noise ratio and sensitivity performances similar to the traditional organic color filters, but without the equirement of an external infrared (IR)-cut filter, which enables the integration of additional channels such as white or IR, in addition to RGB...
March 15, 2018: Optics Letters
K Geirhos, P Lunkenheimer, A Loidl
Experimental evidence for the Gardner transition, theoretically predicted to arise deep in the glassy state of matter, is scarce. At this transition, the energy landscape sensed by the particles forming the glass is expected to become more complex. In the present Letter, we report the dielectric response of two typical glass formers with well-pronounced Johari-Goldstein β relaxation, following this response down to unprecedented low temperatures, far below the glass transition. As the Johari-Goldstein process is believed to arise from the local structure of the energy landscape, its investigation seems an ideal tool to seek evidence for the Gardner transition...
February 23, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Fenhong Song, Dapeng Ju, Fangwei Gu, Yan Liu, Yuan Ji, Yulin Ren, Xiaocong He, Baoyong Sha, Ben Q Li, Qingzhen Yang
Electric field induced micro/nano patterns in thin polymer film, sometimes referred as electrohydrodynamic patterning, is a promising technique to fabricate micro/nano structures. Extensive attentions have been attracted due to its advantages in micro contact (easy demolding) and low cost. Although considerable work has been done on this technique, including both experimental and theoretical ones, there still appears a requirement for understanding the mechanism of electrohydrodynamic patterning. Thus we systematically studied the effect of different parameters on electrohydrodynamic patterning with a numerical phase field model...
March 15, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Jing Zhang, Xitao Liu, Xianfeng Li, Shiguo Han, Kewen Tao, Yuyin Wang, Chengmin Ji, Zhihua Sun, Junhua Luo
Organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites, with the formula ABX3 (A=organic cation, B=metal cation, and X=halide; for example, CH3 NH3 PbI3 ), have diverse and intriguing physical properties, such as semiconduction, phase transitions, and optical properties. Herein, a new ABX3 -type semiconducting perovskite-like hybrid, (hexamethyleneimine)PbBr3 (1), consisting of one-dimensional inorganic frameworks and cyclic organic cations, is reported. Notably, the inorganic moiety of 1 adopts a perovskite-like architecture and forms infinite columns composed of face-sharing PbBr6 octahedra...
March 15, 2018: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
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