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Emanuel Carlos, Rita Branquinho, Asal Kiazadeh, Pedro Barquinha, Rodrigo Martins, Elvira Fortunato
Solution processing of amorphous metal oxides has been lately used as an option to implement in flexible electronics allowing a reduction of the associated costs and high performance. However the research has focused more on semiconductor layer rather than on the insulator layer that is related to the stability and performance of the devices. This work aims to evaluate amorphous aluminum oxide thin films produced by combustion synthesis and the influence of far ultraviolet (FUV) irradiation on properties of the insulator on thin film transistors (TFTs) using different semiconductors, in order to have compatibility with flexible substrates...
October 20, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Lina Huang, Xiaofang Liu, Dan Chuai, Yaxin Chen, Ronghai Yu
Flaky FeSiAl alloy/multi-wall carbon nanotube (FeSiAl/MWCNT) composite was fabricated by facile and scalable ball milling method. The morphology and electromagnetic properties of the FeSiAl alloy can be well tuned by controlling the milling time. It is found that the magnetic loss of the FeSiAl alloy is improved by optimizing the milling time due to the increased anisotropy field. Meanwhile the addition of MWCNTs enhances the dielectric loss of the composite by increasing the interfacial polarizations, dipolar polarizations and conductive paths...
October 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
Jiaqing Zhuang, Qi-Jun Sun, Ye Zhou, Suting Han, Li Zhou, Yan Yan, Haiyan Peng, Shishir Venkatesh, Wei Wu, Robert Kwok-Yiu Li, Vellaisamy A L Roy
Previous investigations on rare-earth oxides (REOs) reveal their high possibility as dielectric films in electronic devices, while complicated physical methods impede their developments and applications. Herein, we report a facile route to fabricate 16 REOs thin insulating films through a general solution process and their applications in low-voltage thin-film transistors as dielectrics. The formation and properties of REOs thin films are analyzed by atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), spectroscopic ellipsometry, water contact angle measurement, X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS) and electrical characterizations, respectively...
October 20, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
G W Peterson, M McEntee, C R Harris, A D Klevitch, A W Fountain, J R Soliz, A Balboa, A J Hauser
Electrical impedance spectroscopy, in conjunction with the metal-organic framework (MOF) UiO-66-NH2, is used to detect trace levels of the explosive simulant 2,6-dinitrotoluene. The combination of porosity and functionality of the MOF provides an effective dielectric structure, resulting in changes of impedance magnitude and phase angle. The promising data indicate that MOFs may be used in low-cost, robust explosive detection devices.
October 20, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Cheng-Yin Wang, Canek Fuentes-Hernandez, Minseong Yun, Ankit K Singh, Amir Dindar, Sangmoo Choi, Samuel Graham, Bernard Kippelen
We report on top-gate OFETs with a bilayer gate dielectric comprising an Al2O3/HfO2 nanolaminate layer grown by atomic layer deposition and an amorphous fluoropolymer layer (CYTOP). Top-gate OFETs display average carrier mobility values of 0.9 ± 0.2 cm(2)/Vs and threshold voltage values of -1.9 ± 0.5 V and high operational and environmental stability under different environmental conditions such as damp air at 50 °C (80% relative humidity) and prolonged immersion in water at a temperature up to 95 °C.
October 19, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Agnieszka Jedrzejowska, Kia L Ngai, Marian Paluch
By systematic modifications of the canonical propylene carbonate, a family of van der Waals glass-formers with similar chemical structures are generated for dielectric studies of the dynamics of the structural α-relaxation with the purpose of critically testing the correlation of dynamic properties with the dipole-dipole interaction contribution to the intermolecular potential. With the dielectric strengths at Tg varying over a vast range from 4.2 to 182, the modified propylene carbonates provide strong support of the correlation by themselves and in conjunction with eighty eight van der Waals glassformers previously considered [M...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
A K Sivadasan, Chirantan Singha, A Bhattacharyya, Sandip Dhara
The observation of interface (IF) phonon modes in the recorded Raman spectra of c-plane oriented [AlN/GaN]20 and [Al0.35Ga0.65N/Al0.55Ga0.45N]20 multi-quantum well (MQW) structures grown via plasma assisted molecular beam epitaxy is reported. The nominal shift in the IF phonon mode of E1 symmetry for [Al0.35Ga0.65N/Al0.55Ga0.45N]20 compared to that of the [AlN/GaN]20 MQW structure is understood on the basis of change in dielectric constants (εm) of the surrounding medium. The presence of buffer layers in [Al0...
October 19, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Angela Privat-Maldonado, Deborah O'Connell, Emma Welch, Roddy Vann, Marjan W van der Woude
Low temperature plasmas (LTPs) generate a cocktail of reactive nitrogen and oxygen species (RNOS) with bactericidal activity. The RNOS however are spatially unevenly distributed in the plasma. Here we test the hypothesis that this distribution will affect the mechanisms underpinning plasma bactericidal activity focussing on the level of DNA damage in situ. For the first time, a quantitative, single cell approach was applied to assess the level of DNA damage in bacteria as a function of the radial distance from the centre of the plasma jet...
October 19, 2016: Scientific Reports
Xuechen Li, Yaru Li, Panpan Zhang, Pengying Jia, Lifang Dong
One of the challenges that plasma research encounters is how to generate a large-scale plasma plume at atmospheric pressure. Through utilizing a third electrode biased by a direct-current voltage, a longer plasma plume is generated by a plasma jet in dielectric barrier discharge configurations. Results indicate that the plume length increases until it reaches the third electrode with increasing the bias voltage. By fast photography, it is found that the plume consists of two types of streamers under the influence of the bias voltage, which develops from a guided streamer to a branching one with leaving the tube opening...
October 19, 2016: Scientific Reports
Q Mahmood, M Hassan, N A Noor
The structural, magnetic and optical characteristics of Zn1-x TM x S/Se (TM  =  Mn, Fe, Co, Ni and x  =  6.25%) have been investigated through the full-potential linearized augmented plane wave method within the framework of density functional theory. The optimized structures have been used to calculate the ferromagnetic and the antiferromagnetic ground-state energies. The stability of the ferromagnetic phase has been confirmed from the formation and the cohesive energies. The Heisenberg model is used to elucidate the Curie temperature (T c) of these alloys...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Kechao Tang, Andrew C Meng, Ravi Droopad, Paul C McIntyre
Intentional oxidation of an As2-decapped (100) In0.57Ga0.43As substrate by additional H2O dosing during initial Al2O3 gate dielectric atomic layer deposition (ALD) increases the interface trap density (Dit), lowers the band edge photoluminescence (PL) intensity, and generates Ga-oxide detected by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Aberration-corrected high resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM) reveals formation of an amorphous interfacial layer which is distinct from the Al2O3 dielectric and which is not present without the additional H2O dosing...
October 19, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Noor Asidah Mohamed, Richard T Bradshaw, Jonathan W Essex
The effects of electronic polarization in biomolecular interactions will differ depending on the local dielectric constant of the environment, such as in solvent, DNA, proteins, and membranes. Here the performance of the AMOEBA polarizable force field is evaluated under nonaqueous conditions by calculating the solvation free energies of small molecules in four common organic solvents. Results are compared with experimental data and equivalent simulations performed with the GAFF pairwise-additive force field...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Computational Chemistry
Jiyoul Lee, Jong Won Chung, Gyubok Yoon, Moo Hyung Lee, Do Hwan Kim, Jozeph Park, Jin-Kyun Lee, Moon Sung Kang
Field-effect mobility of a polymer semiconductor film is known to be enhanced when the gate dielectric interfacing with the film is weakly polarizable. Accordingly, gate dielectrics with lower dielectric constant (k) are preferred for attaining polymer field-effect transistors (PFETs) with larger mobilities. At the same time, it is also known that inducing more charge carriers into the polymer semiconductor films helps enhancing their field-effect mobility, because large number of traps presented in such a disorder system can be compensated substantially...
October 18, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Rabea Seyboldt, Dimitri Merger, Fabian Coupette, Miriam Siebenbürger, Matthias Ballauff, Manfred Wilhelm, Matthias Fuchs
The leading nonlinear stress response in a periodically strained concentrated colloidal dispersion is studied experimentally and by theory. A thermosensitive microgel dispersion serves as well-characterized glass-forming model, where the stress response at the first higher harmonic frequency (3ω for strain at frequency ω) is investigated in the limit of small amplitude. The intrinsic nonlinearity at the third harmonic exhibits a scaling behavior which has a maximum in an intermediate frequency window and diverges when approaching the glass transition...
October 18, 2016: Soft Matter
Maciej Ptak, Mirosław Mączka, Anna Gągor, Adam Sieradzki, Bartosz Bondzior, Przemysław Dereń, S Pawlus
We report the synthesis, crystal structure, dielectric, vibrational and emission spectra of heterometallic MOFs, [C2H5NH3][Na0.5Cr0.5(HCOO)3] (EtANaCr), [C2H5NH3][Na0.5Al0.5(HCOO)3] (EtANaAl) and [C2H5NH3][Na0.5Al0.475Cr0.025(HCOO)3] (EtANaAlCr). These compounds crystallize in non-centrosymmetric monoclinic polar structures (space group Pn) and undergo order-disorder phase transitions upon heating to the monoclinic centrosymmetric structure (space group P21/n) at 369 (EtANaAl) and 373 K (EtANaCr). In principle, they are ferroelectric below these temperatures...
October 18, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Olga Borovkova, Andrey Kalish, Vladimir Belotelov
We propose a novel method to enhance the transverse magneto-optical Kerr effect (TMOKE) in the magneto-plasmonic (MP) nanostructures by means of the active dielectric layer. We report the theoretical analysis of the MP structure with a ferromagnetic dielectric doped with rear-earth ions (Nd<sup>3+</sup>) as the example of a gain layer. The enhancement takes place near the surface plasmon polariton (SPP) resonances of the nanostructures. The stimulated emission of the dopants in the field of the SPP wave partially compensates its losses...
October 1, 2016: Optics Letters
Matthias Justen, Christopher Bonzon, Keita Ohtani, Mathias Beck, Urs Graf, Jerome Faist
2×2 parallel fed and 3×3 serial fed patch antenna arrays on a benzocyclobutene (BCB) polymer layer are integrated with a 70 μm wide, dry etched, double metal waveguide quantum cascade laser, operating at about 1.9 THz. The BCB surrounds the quantum cascade laser ridge and is planarized to fit precisely its height. The patch antenna arrays emit a linearly polarized, highly symmetric beam perpendicular to the antenna plane. The beams have a FWHM angle of 49° (2×2) and 35° (3×3). Both measurements and simulations indicate coupling factors to a Gaussian beam of over 90%...
October 1, 2016: Optics Letters
Lipin Chen, Bolin Fan, Wenbo Yan, Shaobei Li, Lihong Shi, Hongjian Chen
We demonstrate an active and controllable photo-assisted splitting of dielectric microdroplets inside a LiNbO<sub>3</sub>-based sandwich structure by utilizing the pyroelectric and photovoltaic effects of LiNbO<sub>3</sub> crystals. Basing on electrostatic simulation results, the mechanism of the photo-assisted splitting is explained; meanwhile, the microdoplet pre-polarizing and the inclined electrostatic force induced by the photovoltaic charges inside the sandwich structure are emphasized...
October 1, 2016: Optics Letters
Grzegorz Szklarz, Karolina Adrjanowicz, Mateusz Dulski, Justyna Knapik, Marian Paluch
In this work, we have carefully investigated the molecular dynamics in the supercooled liquid and glassy states of the pharmaceutical agent fenofibrate. To do that dielectric relaxation studies at ambient and the elevated pressure were performed. Data collected at atmospheric pressure were found to be in a good agreement with that already reported in the literature. High-pressure studies enable us to distinguish the secondary relaxation processes of the different molecular origin. This includes (i) pressure insensitive $\gamma$-relaxation of the activation energy $E_a$=28 kJ/mol and (ii) $\beta$-relaxation that senses the density increase and originates most probably from the intermolecular movements ($E_a$=77 kJ/mol at 480 MPa)...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Ban Xuan Dong, Jojo A Amonoo, Geoffrey E Purdum, Yueh-Lin Loo, Peter F Green
Charge-carrier mobilities in poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) organic thin-film transistors (OTFTs) increase five-fold when OTFTs composed of P3HT films on trichloro (1H, 1H, 2H, 2H-perfluorooctyl) silane (FTS) monolayers supported on SiO2 dielectric substrates (P3HT/FTS/SiO2/Si) are subjected to supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) processing. In contrast, carrier mobilities in P3HT/octadecyltrichlorosilane (OTS)/SiO2 OTFTs processed using scCO2 are comparable to mobilities measured in as-cast P3HT/OTS/SiO2/Si devices...
October 17, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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