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Ana Šantić, Radha D Banhatti, Luka Pavić, Hüseyin Ertap, Mustafa Yüksek, Mevlüt Karabulut, Andrea Moguš-Milanković
The electrical and dielectric properties of three series of glasses, xHfO2-(40 - x)Fe2O3-60P2O5, 0 ≤ x ≤ 8 mol%, xCeO2-(40 - x)Fe2O3-60P2O5, 0 ≤ x ≤ 8 mol%, and xHfO2-(38 - x)Fe2O3-2B2O3-60P2O5 2 ≤ x ≤ 6 mol%, have been investigated by impedance spectroscopy over a wide frequency and temperature range. As expected, these glasses exhibit polaronic conductivity which strongly depends on the fraction of ferrous ions, Fe(2+)/Fetot. Following a detailed discussion on the DC conductivity, we use the MIGRATION concept to model their conductivity spectra...
January 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Maria Chiara Biagi, Giorgio Badino, Rene Fabregas, Georg Gramse, Laura Fumagalli, Gabriel Gomila
We obtained maps of electric permittivity at ∼19 GHz frequencies on non-planar thin film heterogeneous samples by means of combined atomic force-scanning microwave microscopy (AFM-SMM). We show that the electric permittivity maps can be obtained directly from the capacitance images acquired in contact mode, after removing the topographic cross-talk effects. This result demonstrates the possibility of identifying the electric permittivity of different materials in a thin film sample irrespectively of their thickness by just direct imaging and processing...
January 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Zhonghua Wang, Ning An, Fei Shen, Hongping Zhou, Yongxuan Sun, Zhaoneng Jiang, Yanhua Han, Yan Li, Zhongyi Guo
Dielectric nanoparticles can demonstrate a strong forward scattering at visible and near-infrared wavelengths due to the interaction of optically induced electric and magnetic dipolar resonances. For a spherical nanoparticle, the first Kerker's condition within dipole approximation can be realized, where backward scattering can reach zero. However, for this type of dielectric sphere, maximum forward scattering without backward scattering cannot be realized by modulating the refractive index and particle size of this nanoparticle...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Nadia C Lara, Asad A Haider, Lon J Wilson, Steven A Curley, Stuart J Corr
Aqueous and nanoparticle-based solutions have been reported to heat when exposed to an alternating radiofrequency (RF) electric-field. Although the theoretical models have been developed to accurately model such a behavior given the solution composition as well as the geometrical constraints of the sample holder, these models have not been investigated across a wide-range of solutions where the dielectric properties differ, especially with regard to the real permittivity. In this work, we investigate the RF heating properties of non-aqueous solutions composed of ethanol, propylene glycol, and glycine betaine with and without varying amounts of NaCl and LiCl...
January 2, 2017: Applied Physics Letters
Shayne A Sorenson, Joel G Patrow, Jahan M Dawlaty
Interfacial electric fields are important in several areas of chemistry, materials sciences, and device physics. However, they are poorly understood, partly because they are difficult to measure directly and model accurately. We present both a spectroscopic experimental investigation and a theoretical model for the interfacial field at the junction of a conductor and a dielectric. First, we present Vibrational Sum Frequency Generation (VSFG) results of the nitrile (CN) stretch of 4-mercaptobenzonitrile (4-MBN) covalently attached to a gold surface and in contact with a variety of liquid dielectrics...
January 19, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Dana D Medina, Michiel L Petrus, Askhat N Jumabekov, Johannes T Margraf, Simon Weinberger, Julian M Rotter, Timothy Clark, Thomas Bein
Charge carrier transport in oriented COF thin films is an important factor for realizing COF-based optoelectronic devices. We describe how highly oriented electron-donating BDT-COF thin films serve as a model system for a directed charge transport study. Oriented BDT-COF films were deposited on different electrodes with excellent control over film roughness and topology, allowing for high quality electrode-COF interfaces suitable for device fabrication. Hole-only devices were constructed to study the columnar hole-mobility of the BDT-COF films...
January 19, 2017: ACS Nano
Kyungtaek Min, Muhammad Umar, Shinyoung Ryu, Soonil Lee, Sunghwan Kim
Ultra-thin and ultra-smooth gold (Au) films are appealing for photonic applications including surface plasmon resonances and transparent contacts. However, poor adhesion at the Au���dielectric interface prohibits the formation of a mechanically stable, ultra-thin, and ultra-smooth Au film. A conventional solution is to use a metallic adhesion layer, such as titanium and chromium however, such layers cause the optical properties of pure Au to deteriorate. Here we report the use of silk protein to enhance the adhesion at the Au���dielectric interfaces, thus obtaining ultra-smooth sub-10 nm Au films...
January 19, 2017: Nanotechnology
A Stupakiewicz, K Szerenos, D Afanasiev, A Kirilyuk, A V Kimel
Discovering ways to control the magnetic state of media with the lowest possible production of heat and at the fastest possible speeds is important in the study of fundamental magnetism, with clear practical potential. In metals, it is possible to switch the magnetization between two stable states (and thus to record magnetic bits) using femtosecond circularly polarized laser pulses. However, the switching mechanisms in these materials are directly related to laser-induced heating close to the Curie temperature...
January 18, 2017: Nature
Jamal Nasir, Mohd Haizal Jamaluddin, Aftab Ahmad Khan, Muhammad Ramlee Kamarudin, Bruce Leow Chee Yen, Owais Owais
An L-shaped dual-band multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) rectangular dielectric resonator antenna (RDRA) for long term evolution (LTE) applications is proposed. The presented antenna can transmit and receive information independently using fundamental TE111 and higher order TE121 modes of the DRA. TE111 degenerate mode covers LTE band 2 (1.85-1.99 GHz), 3 (1.71-1.88 GHz), and 9 (1.7499-1.7849 GHz) at fr = 1.8 GHz whereas TE121 covers LTE band 7 (2.5-2.69 GHz) at fr = 2.6 GHz, respectively. An efficient design method has been used to reduce mutual coupling between ports by changing the effective permittivity values of DRA by introducing a cylindrical air-gap at an optimal position in the dielectric resonator...
January 13, 2017: Sensors
Jinghui Gao, Yan Wang, Yongbin Liu, Xinghao Hu, Xiaoqin Ke, Lisheng Zhong, Yuting He, Xiaobing Ren
Although dielectric energy-storing devices are frequently used in high voltage level, the fast growing on the portable and wearable electronics have been increasing the demand on the energy-storing devices at finite electric field strength. This paper proposes an approach on enhancing energy density under low electric field through compositionally inducing tricriticality in Ba(Ti,Sn)O3 ferroelectric material system with enlarged dielectric response. The optimal dielectric permittivity at tricritical point can reach to εr = 5...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
Jun Seon Kwon, Han-Wool Park, Do Hwan Kim, Young-Je Kwark
We report a novel solvent-free and direct photo-patternable poly[(mercaptopropyl)methyl-siloxane] (PMMS) hybrid dielectric for flexible top-gate organic field-effect transistors (OFETs), utilizing a photo-activated thiol-ene reaction under UV irradiation of 254 nm to induce cross-linking, even in air and at low temperature. In particular, a solvent-free PMMS-f dielectric film, for which an optimal cross-linking density is shown by a well-organized molar ratio between thiol and vinyl in the thiol-ene reaction, exhibited a high dielectric constant (5...
January 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Javier Cambiasso, Gustavo Grinblat, Yi Li, Aliaksandra Rakovich, Emiliano Cortés, Stefan A Maier
We present all-dielectric gallium phosphide (GaP) nanoantennas as an efficient nanophotonic platform for surface-enhanced second harmonic generation (SHG) and fluorescence (SEF), showing negligible losses in the visible range. Employing single GaP nanodisks, we observe an increase of more than three orders of magnitude in the SHG signal in comparison with the bulk. This constitutes an SHG efficiency as large as 0.0002%, which is, to the best of our knowledge, the highest yet achieved value produced by a single nano-object in the optical region...
January 17, 2017: Nano Letters
Aurelien Crut, Paolo Maioli, Fabrice Vallee, Natalia Del Fatti
Single-particle optical investigations have greatly improved our understanding of the fundamental properties of nano-objects, avoiding the spurious inhomogeneous effects that affect ensemble experiments. Correlation with high-resolution imaging techniques providing morphological information (e.g., electron microscopy) allows a quantitative interpretation of the optical measurements by means of analytical models and numerical simulations. In this topical review, we first briefly recall the principles underlying some of the most commonly used single-particle optical techniques: near-field, dark-field, spatial modulation and photothermal microscopies/spectroscopies...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Min-Kyu Joo, Byoung Hee Moon, Hyunjin Ji, Gang Hee Han, Hyun Kim, Gwan Mu Lee, Seong Chu Lim, Dongseok Suh, Young Hee Lee
As the thickness becomes thinner, the importance of Coulomb scattering in two-dimensional layered materials increases because of the close proximity between channel and interfacial layer and the reduced screening effects. The Coulomb scattering in the channel is usually obscured mainly by the Schottky barrier at the contact in the noise measurements. Here, we report low-temperature (T) noise measurements to understand the Coulomb scattering mechanism in MoS2 channel in the presence of h-BN buffer layer on silicon dioxide (SiO2) insulating layer...
January 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Kai Xu, Dongxue Chen, Fengyou Yang, Zhenxing Wang, Lei Yin, Feng Wang, Ruiqing Cheng, Kaihui Liu, Jie Xiong, Qian Liu, Jun He
Two-dimensional materials (2DMs) are competitive candidates in replacing or supplementing conventional semiconductors owing to their atomically uniform thickness. However, current conventional micro/nanofabrication technologies realize hardly ultrashort channel and integration, especially for sub-10 nm. Meanwhile, experimental device performance associated with the scaling of dimension needs to be investigated, due to the short channel effects. Here, we show a novel and universal technological method to fabricate sub-10 nm gaps with sharp edges and steep sidewalls...
January 19, 2017: Nano Letters
Yang Liu, Jinhua Yuan, Yuezhen Dong, Xiaopeng Zhao, Jianbo Yin
Recent research of using poly(ionic liquid) (PIL) particles as the dispersal phase has provided a new strategy to develop a high-performance anhydrous polyelectrolyte-based electrorheological (ER) fluid. However, the working temperature range of the ER fluid of PIL particles is still narrow due to an inherently low glass transfer temperature caused by the plasticization of polyatomic organic counter ions in PILs. In this paper, we develop a new ER system based on cross-linked PIL (C-PIL) particles and demonstrate that crosslinking with a suitable degree only slightly degrades the ER properties but significantly improves the working temperature range of the ER fluid of PIL particles...
January 16, 2017: Soft Matter
Bin Zhang, Yusheng Bian, Liqiang Ren, Feng Guo, Shi-Yang Tang, Zhangming Mao, Xiaomin Liu, Jinju Sun, Jianying Gong, Xiasheng Guo, Tony Jun Huang
The emerging development of the hybrid plasmonic waveguide has recently received significant attention owing to its remarkable capability of enabling subwavelength field confinement and great transmission distance. Here we report a guiding approach that integrates hybrid plasmon polariton with dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguiding. By introducing a deep-subwavelength dielectric ridge between a dielectric slab and a metallic substrate, a hybrid dielectric-loaded nanoridge plasmonic waveguide is formed. The waveguide features lower propagation loss than its conventional hybrid waveguiding counterpart, while maintaining strong optical confinement at telecommunication wavelengths...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
Jun Peng, Huilong Zhang, Qifeng Zheng, Craig M Clemons, Ronald C Sabo, Shaoqin Gong, Zhenqiang Ma, Lih-Sheng Turng
A novel polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)/cellulose nanocrystal flake (CNCF) composite triboelectric nanogenerator (CTG) using CNCFs as effective dielectrics exhibited a 10-times-enhanced triboelectric performance compared with its pure PDMS counterpart. Positive charges generated on the surface of the CNCFs during cyclic compression boosted electron transfer and induced extra charges. The CTG exhibited an instantaneous output power (density) of 1.65 mW (0.76 mW cm(-2)) under continuous operation.
January 16, 2017: Nanoscale
Ansgar T Kirk, Torben Last, Stefan Zimmermann
In this work, we present a novel concept for a gas chromatography detector utilizing an atmospheric pressure chemical ionization which is initialized by a dielectric barrier discharge. In general, such a detector can be simple and low-cost, while achieving extremely good limits of detection. However, it is non-selective apart from the use of chemical dopants. Here, a demonstrator manufactured entirely from fused silica capillaries and printed circuit boards is shown. It has a size of 75×60×25mm(3) and utilizes only 2W of power in total...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
Yixian Wang, Xiaonan Shan, Hui Wang, Shaopeng Wang, Nongjian Tao
Nanomaterials have been widely used in energy and sensing applications because of their unique chemical and physical properties, especially their surface reactions. Measuring the local reactions of individual nanomaterials, however, has been an experimental challenge. Here we report on plasmonic imaging of surface electrochemical reactions of individual gold nanowires (AuNWs). We coated a gold thin film (plasmonic sensing layer) with a dielectric layer (cytop) with refractive index close to water, and then a graphene layer for electrical contact...
January 15, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
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