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Zhu Li Yap, You Chuen Chin, Judy Yu-Fen Ku, Tat Keong Chan, Gillian Teh, Monisha Esther Nongpiur, Tin Aung, Shamira A Perera
PURPOSE: Comparison of the demographic, ocular, systemic and microbiological characteristics of eyes with bleb related infection (BRI) and bleb related endophthalmitis (BRE). METHODS: Retrospective chart review of patients with BRI from January 1996-July 2013. Identification done via the center's longstanding endophthalmitis audit, BRI audit and laboratory database identifying all conjunctival swabs from blebs. Blebitis was defined as anterior segment inflammation with mucopurulent material in or around the bleb, with anterior chamber cells but no hypopyon...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
Thidarat Leeungurasatien, Preeyanuch Khunsongkiet, Kassara Pathanapitoon, Damrong Wiwatwongwana
BACKGROUND: To determine the incidence of early postoperative complications and associated factors after primary trabeculectomy in Thai glaucoma patients. DESIGN: This was a retrospective observational study performed in Chiang Mai University Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and eighteen glaucoma patients participated in the study. METHODS: All glaucoma patients underwent primary trabeculectomy with mitomycin C (MMC) using fornix-based conjunctival flap technique between December 2011 and May 2013...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Jesse T McCann, Michael Engelbert
PURPOSE: To report a giant retinal pigment epithelium rip in a patient with a bullous retinal and choroidal detachment. METHODS: Case report with widefield imaging, fundus autofluorescence, and optical coherence tomography of the retina. RESULTS: This 62-year-old patient had a history of advanced glaucoma, trabeculectomy, blebitis, and endophthalmitis. He had cataract surgery 6 weeks before presentation. He was found to have a large bullous retinal and choroidal detachment with a large retinal pigment epithelium tear at the limit of the choroidal detachment...
August 9, 2016: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Anil K Mandal
PURPOSE: Relatively little data exist regarding the outcomes of children with primary infantile glaucoma presenting with acute corneal hydrops. The aim of our study was to determine the surgical outcome of children of infantile glaucoma who presented with acute corneal hydrops. METHODS: In total, 38 eyes of 31 consecutive children of infantile glaucoma presented with acute corneal hydrops who underwent primary combined trabeculotomy-trabeculectomy (CTT) by a single surgeon from January 1990 to December 2012 at the LV Prasad Eye Institute (LVPEI), a tertiary eye care centre in Southern India were enrolled in this retrospective study...
2016: PloS One
Petrina Tan, Raman Malhotra
The incidence of glaucoma worldwide is increasing. Often, these patients may also be referred to oculoplastic surgeons for either age-related problems or issues secondary to medical or surgical glaucoma treatment. Eyelid malpositions (ptosis or lid retraction) may occur after glaucoma filtration surgery or the use of prostanglandin analogues. We review the incidence and mechanisms of lid malpositions found in the literature. Surgical correction for these malpositions also requires careful consideration and should be tailored to the individual patient to avoid undesirable surgical outcomes...
April 1, 2016: Survey of Ophthalmology
Akiko Narita, Jiro Seguchi, Fumio Shiraga
Paecilomyces lilacinus (P. lilacinus) is a rare cause of fungal scleritis. We herein report a case of P. lilacinus-induced scleritis following bleb-associated endophthalmitis after trabeculectomy that was successfully treated with surgical excision of the affected sclera in combination with antifungal medication. An 85-year-old female underwent trabeculectomy of the left eye. A dellen formed in the corneal periphery due to limbal elevation of the filtering bleb and progressed to an infectious corneal ulcer, leading to blebitis...
2015: Acta Medica Okayama
David A Solá-Del Valle, Bobeck S Modjtahedi, Dean Eliott, Lucy Q Shen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: International Ophthalmology Clinics
Sanaa A Yassin
Bleb-related infection (BRI) is one of the serious complications of glaucoma filtering surgery. This literature review is aimed at the evaluation of recent studies related to BRI. The review presented and discussed risk factors, and clinical and laboratory diagnosis emphasizing advances in diagnostic techniques to detect and distinguish the disease as well as to initiate immediate intensive antibacterial treatment. Clinical features of recognized prognostic factors of visual outcome were also presented. The studies showed that the prognosis of blebitis is usually good, unless infection has progressed to endophthalmitis that would signify a poorer prognosis...
March 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Elad Ben Artsi, Gabriel Katz, Michael Kinori, Joseph Moisseiev
PURPOSE: To portray the current scene of endophthalmitis in a multispecialty ophthalmology department regarding etiologies and treatment guidelines. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of all patients diagnosed with endophthalmitis or suspected endophthalmitis from 2009 to 2012. RESULTS: A total of 24 eyes were diagnosed with endophthalmitis or suspected endophthalmitis during a 4-year period. The etiologies included endogenous endophthalmitis (6), blebitis (3), Ahmed valve implantation (3, 2 of them with late infection), postcataract surgery (3), intravitreal injections (4), penetrating injury (2), and other surgical procedures (3)...
January 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Dimitrios Tsoukanas, Paraskevi Xanthopoulou, Alexandros C Charonis, Panagiotis Theodossiadis, Gerasimos Kopsinis, Theodoros Filippopoulos
PURPOSE: To determine the safety and efficacy of fresh, human sclera allografts as a patch graft material in glaucoma drainage device (GDD) surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective, noncomparative, interventional, consecutive case series. SUBJECTS: All GDD cases operated between 2008 and 2013 in which fresh human corneoscleral rims were used immediately after the central corneal button was used for penetrating or endothelial keratoplasty. METHODS: Surgery was performed by 2 surgeons at 2 facilities...
July 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
Dmitry Yarovoy, Sunita Radhakrishnan, Terri-Diann Pickering, Andrew G Iwach
PURPOSE: To present the management and outcomes of blebitis in patients who underwent EX-PRESS Glaucoma Filtration Device (GFD) implantation. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: The study included 5 patients who developed blebitis following EX-PRESS GFD implantation. METHODS: Charts of all patients who underwent EX-PRESS GFD implantation at the Glaucoma Center of San Francisco between 2007 and 2013 were reviewed...
May 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
Cristos Ifantides, Oscar R Batlle, David Mushatt, Ramesh S Ayyala
PURPOSE: To report the first documented case of Nocardia exalbida blebitis. METHODS: A 57-year-old immunocompetent African American man with a long-standing history of open-angle glaucoma in both eyes treated with trabeculectomy presented with a diffusely hyperemic, thin, cystic, leaky bleb with no discharge in his left eye. The patient underwent bleb revision using an amniotic membrane patch graft followed by 1 month of antibiotics. He presented second time with an inflamed eye and brisk leakage and underwent a second bleb revision...
April 2015: Journal of Glaucoma
Eun-Ah Kim, Simon K Law, Anne L Coleman, Kouros Nouri-Mahdavi, JoAnn A Giaconi, Fei Yu, Ji-Woong Lee, Joseph Caprioli
PURPOSE: To report the incidence of late-onset bleb-related infections and to identify risk factors for bleb-related infections after trabeculectomy for the treatment of glaucoma. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Bleb-related infections were defined as blebitis, endophthalmitis, or blebitis with endophthalmitis. A total of 1959 eyes of 1423 patients who underwent trabeculectomy and who were followed for ≥1 year were included. RESULTS: Twenty-four eyes were diagnosed with bleb-related infections; 15 eyes were found to have blebitis and 9 eyes presented with endophthalmitis during the follow-up period of 5...
June 2015: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Jessica A Olayanju, Mohamed B Hassan, David O Hodge, Cheryl L Khanna
IMPORTANCE: Trabeculectomy is the surgical standard of care for patients with medically refractory glaucoma. The use of antimetabolite agents, such as mitomycin, has increased the rate of complications after trabeculectomy. OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of trabeculectomy-related complications during a 25-year study. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: For this retrospective, population-based study, we enrolled the residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota, who underwent a trabeculectomy from January 1, 1985, through December 31, 2010, at the Mayo Clinic and Olmsted Community Hospital...
May 2015: JAMA Ophthalmology
Kamyar Vaziri, Krishna Kishor, Stephen G Schwartz, Arindel S Maharaj, Darius M Moshfeghi, Andrew A Moshfeghi, Harry W Flynn
PURPOSE: To evaluate the 5-year incidence rate of blebitis and bleb-associated endophthalmitis in the United States. METHODS: In this retrospective cross-sectional study, we utilized a large commercial health insurance claim-based database during 2007-2011 and identified all patients who had a record of trabeculectomy in 2007. These patients were followed until the end of 2011. During the follow-up period, all incidences of blebitis, confirmed bleb-associated endophthalmitis, and presumed bleb-associated endophthalmitis were recorded...
2015: Clinical Ophthalmology
Rachida A Bouhenni, Ibrahim Al Jadaan, Heidi Rassavong, Sami Al Shahwan, Hind Al Katan, Jeffrey Dunmire, Mirela Krasniqi, Deepak P Edward
PURPOSE: To investigate the lymphatic vascular microvessel density (LVD) and the blood vascular microvessel density (MVD) and their distribution in excised leaking blebs after mitomycin C trabeculectomy and normal conjunctiva specimens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: LVD and MVD in normal human conjunctiva (n=8) and excised blebs in the hypocellular stroma and peribleb tissue (conjunctiva adjacent to hypocellular bleb tissue) (n=8) were evaluated by immunohistochemistry using antibodies raised against Lymphatic Vessel Endothelial Receptor 1 (D2-40, lymphatic endothelium) and CD34 (vascular endothelium)...
January 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
Shabana Bharathi, Ganesh V Raman, Dhavalikar Mrunali Mohan, Anjana Krishnan
We report a case of blebitis that occurred 3 years later following a combined glaucoma and cataract surgery. It was an atypical presentation, as patient had no classical fiery looking signs of blebitis despite the isolated organism being Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Improvized surgical techniques like use of Mitomycin C, releasable flap sutures though considered as part of the recommended procedure for better surgical outcomes, their role as potential risk factors for visually blinding complications like endophthalmitis are often overlooked...
September 2014: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Matthias C Grieshaber, Clive Peckar, Ané Pienaar, Norbert Koerber, Robert Stegmann
PURPOSE: To study the safety and long-term efficacy of classic viscocanalostomy in patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) in different populations. METHODS: A total of 726 eyes of 726 patients from Europe or South Africa with primary OAG (POAG) and pseudoexfoliative glaucoma (PXFG) were included in this retrospective multicentre study. Complete (qualified) success was defined as an intraocular pressure (IOP) equal to or lower than 21, 18 and 16 mmHg without (with or without) medications, respectively...
June 2015: Acta Ophthalmologica
S Gupta, M Wadhwani, V Sehgal, S Sharma, T Dada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2014: Eye
James F Kirwan, Alastair J Lockwood, Peter Shah, Alex Macleod, David C Broadway, Anthony J King, Andrew I McNaught, Pavi Agrawal
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of current trabeculectomy surgery in the United Kingdom. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, multicenter, retrospective follow-up. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 428 eyes of 395 patients. METHODS: Consecutive trabeculectomy cases with open-angle glaucoma and no previous incisional glaucoma surgery from 9 glaucoma units were evaluated retrospectively. Follow-up was a minimum of 2 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Surgical success, intraocular pressure (IOP), visual acuity, complications, and interventions...
December 2013: Ophthalmology
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