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Vena cava thrombosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642012/evaluation-of-a-device-combining-an-inferior-vena-cava-filter-and-a-central-venous-catheter-for-preventing-pulmonary-embolism-among-critically-ill-trauma-patients
#1
Victor F Tapson, Joshua P Hazelton, John Myers, Claudia Robertson, Ramyar Gilani, Julie A Dunn, Marko Bukur, Martin A Croce, Ann Peick, Sonlee West, Lawrence Lottenberg, Jay Doucet, Preston R Miller, Bruce Crookes, Rajesh R Gandhi, Chasen A Croft, Anthony Manasia, Brian A Hoey, Howard Lieberman, Oscar D Guillamondegui, Victor Novack, Gregory Piazza, Samuel Z Goldhaber
PURPOSE: To evaluate efficacy and safety of a novel device that combines an inferior vena cava (IVC) filter and central venous catheter (CVC) for prevention of pulmonary embolism (PE) in critically ill patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a multicenter, prospective, single-arm clinical trial, the device was inserted at the bedside without fluoroscopy and subsequently retrieved before transfer from the intensive care unit (ICU). The primary efficacy endpoint was freedom from clinically significant PE or fatal PE 72 hours after device removal or discharge, whichever occurred first...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631704/-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-intracardiac-thrombosis-a-description-of-two-cases-and-a-review-of-literature
#2
Z S Alekberova, P S Ovcharov, T A Lisitsyna, A V Volkov, T V Popkova
Behçet's disease (BD) is systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology, which is more common in the countries located along the Great Silk Road. The disease is diagnosed if a patient has 4 key diagnostic signs: aphthous stomatitis, genital sores, and eye and skin lesions. Vascular diseases referred to as minor criteria for BD are characterized by the formation of aneurysms and thrombosis, predominantly in the venous bed. In venous disorders, a blood clot can form in any vessel, including caval, cerebral, pulmonary, and other veins...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630832/total-knee-arthroplasty-in-a-diagnosed-case-of-deep-vein-thrombosis-our-experience-and-review-of-literature
#3
Saurabh Agarwal, Ashish Rana, Gaurav Gupta, Deepak Raghav, Rajeev K Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and its associated complication, pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) remains a challenge for orthopedic surgeons. There are wide ranges of predisposing factors which are both patient specific as well as procedure associated, responsible for DVT. PTE is a well-known fatal complication of DVT which may be life-threatening. Medical management and early mobilization are necessary for the management of DVT. Fatal PTE can be prevented by implantation of inferior vena cava (IVC) filter in at risk patients...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623994/placement-of-tunneled-cuffed-vascular-catheter-through-superior-vena-cava-puncture
#4
Songhui Zhai, Qiuyan Zhao, Yanhuan Feng, Yang Yu, Li Zhou, Tianlei Cui, Ping Fu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and safety of placement of tunneled cuffed catheters through direct percutaneous puncture of the superior vena cava (SVC) in patients with occluded right and left innominate veins. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of all patients with right and left innominate vein occlusions who underwent tunneled catheter placement with direct SVC puncture between January 2012 and December 2014. Under fluoroscopic guidance with the patient in a supine position, a 5F catheter was placed at the distal end of the SVC through the femoral vein, iliac vein, or hepatic vein...
July 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611024/platelet-amyloid-precursor-protein-is-a-modulator-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-mice
#5
Ilaria Canobbio, Caterina Visconte, Stefania Momi, Gianni Francesco Guidetti, Marta Zarà, Jessica Canino, Emanuela Falcinelli, Paolo Gresele, Mauro Torti
The amyloid precursor protein (APP), primarily known as the precursor of amyloid peptides that accumulate in the brain of Alzheimer's disease patients, is abundant in platelets but its physiological function remains unknown. In this study, we investigated the role of APP in hemostasis and thrombosis using APP knockout (KO) mice. Ex vivo aggregation, secretion, and integrin αIIbβ3 inside-out activation induced by several agonists were normal in APP-deficient platelets, but the number of circulating platelets was reduced by about 20%, and their size was slightly increased...
June 13, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609803/inferior-vena-cava-agenesis-and-deep-vein-thrombosis-in-the-young-a-review-of-the-literature-and-local-experience
#6
Antonella Tufano, Francesca Cannavacciuolo, Adriana Gianno, Anna Maria Cerbone, Sara Mangiacapra, Antonio Coppola, Maria Amitrano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597681/mesenteric-portal-axis-thrombosis-and-deep-venous-thrombosis-in-a-patient-with-inferior-vena-cava-agenesis
#7
Laia Lluis Pons, Nadia Chahri Vizcarro, Silvia Llaverias Borrell, Carlos Miquel Abbad
Splenoportal axis thrombosis not associated with cirrhosis or neoplasms has a prevalence lower than 5 per 10,000 people. An etiologic factor responsible for portal thrombosis is finally identified in most cases, usually systemic thrombogenic factors or predisposing local factors. However, despite a detailed study of all etiologic factors, up to 30% of cases are eventually considered as idiopathic in origin. We report the case of a 41-year-old patient who presented with abdominal pain and lower extremity edema...
June 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596928/pulmonary-embolism-due-to-inferior-vena-cava-compression-by-a-retroperitoneal-hematoma-after-endovascular-repair-of-a-ruptured-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#8
Kota Shukuzawa, Naoki Toya, Yasutake Momokawa, Soichiro Fukushima, Tadashi Akiba, Takao Ohki
We report a case of a patient with a residual hematoma compressing the inferior vena cava after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), which led to a pulmonary embolism (PE). A 65-year-old man underwent emergent EVAR for a ruptured aortic aneurysm in the right retroperitoneal region. He developed sudden chest pain at midnight of the fifth day after EVAR, and computed tomography demonstrated a massive PE. He subsequently went into cardiopulmonary arrest. This case suggested that abdominal complications due to a residual hematoma, including deep vein thrombosis and PE, should be considered in addition to compartment syndrome...
2017: Case Reports in Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596513/bidirectional-pull-back-technique-for-retrieval-of-strut-embedded-cylinder-shaped-filters-in-inferior-vena-cava
#9
Xiaolong Du, Chenglong Li, Aimin Qian, Yeqing Zhang, Wendong Li, Huiying Yu, Xiaoqiang Li, Lingshang Kong
BACKGROUND IVC filters have been widely accepted as an effective method to prevent pulmonary embolism (PE) in patients with deep venous thrombosis (DVT). However, the placement of IVC filters is associated with significant complications and filter retrieval can be challenging when the filter struts are embedded into the caval wall. MATERIAL AND METHODS Over 26 months, we reviewed the safety and efficacy of the bidirectional pull-back technique for removing strut-embedded IVC filters in 15 consecutive patients...
June 9, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593162/extravascular-migration-of-a-fractured-inferior-vena-cava-filter-strut
#10
Jung Hyeon Lim, Weon Yong Lee, Yong Joon Ra, Jae Han Jeong, Bong Suk Park, Ho Hyun Ko
A 20-year-old man presented with a femur fracture and epidural hemorrhage (EDH) following a fall. One month after fracture surgery, swelling developed in both legs, and he was diagnosed as having a deep-vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. A retrievable inferior vena cava filter (IVCF) was inserted, because EDH is a contraindication to anticoagulants. Four months later, he complained of abdominal pain, and a computed tomography scan showed a fractured IVCF strut. After percutaneous removal failed 3 times, the IVCF was surgically removed by orthopedists using a portable image intensifier without cardiopulmonary bypass...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574332/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-preoperative-deep-venous-thrombosis-in-314-consecutive-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-spinal-metastasis
#11
Brad E Zacharia, Sweena Kahn, Evan D Bander, Gustav Y Cederquist, William P Cope, Lily McLaughlin, Alexa Hijazi, Anne S Reiner, Ilya Laufer, Mark Bilsky
OBJECTIVE The authors of this study aimed to identify the incidence of and risk factors for preoperative deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in patients undergoing surgical treatment for spinal metastases. METHODS Univariate analysis of patient age, sex, ethnicity, laboratory values, comorbidities, preoperative ambulatory status, histopathological classification, spinal level, and surgical details was performed. Factors significantly associated with DVT univariately were entered into a multivariate logistic regression model...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570273/myeloid-related-protein-14-regulates-deep-vein-thrombosis
#12
Yunmei Wang, Huiyun Gao, Chase W Kessinger, Alvin Schmaier, Farouc A Jaffer, Daniel I Simon
Using transcriptional profiling of platelets from patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction, we identified myeloid-related protein-14 (MRP-14, also known as S100A9) as an acute myocardial infarction gene and reported that platelet MRP-14 binding to platelet CD36 regulates arterial thrombosis. However, whether MRP-14 plays a role in venous thrombosis is unknown. We subjected WT and Mrp-14-deficient (Mrp-14-/-) mice to experimental models of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) by stasis ligation or partial flow restriction (stenosis) of the inferior vena cava...
June 2, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557899/prognosis-and-monitoring-of-vte
#13
Mouhib Naddour, Mehboob Kalani, Yousef Hattab, Viral Gandhi, Anil C Singh, Omer Bajwa
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) can present in a variety of different clinical settings and in a diverse, comorbid patient population, both of which will guide the clinician toward the appropriate therapeutic response. Patients who present with pulmonary embolism are at risk for hemodynamic instability, recurrence of VTE, cardiac comorbidities, and increased risk of overall mortality. Prognostication models have been clinically validated for risk stratification and prediction of mortality. Similar to pulmonary embolism, patients with deep vein thrombosis carry a higher risk of VTE recurrence and cardiac comorbidities...
July 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557897/consequences-of-venous-thromboembolism-including-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension
#14
Viral Gandhi, Matthew Hewston, Suman Yadam, Kiet Ma, Anil C Singh, Tariq Cheema
Venous thromboembolism includes both deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. They pose a significant risk for morbidity and mortality. In an appropriate clinical setting, invasive interventions, including administration of thrombolytics, anticoagulation, and placement of vena cava filter, are warranted. Bleeding, postthrombotic syndrome, recurrence, and filter-associated complications are few of the complications of this disease. More recently, chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension has gained clinical interest in patients with pulmonary embolism and has warranted close follow-up...
July 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555560/bilateral-deep-vein-thrombosis-associated-with-inferior-vena-cava-agenesis-in-a-young-patient-manifesting-as-low-back-pain
#15
Felipe Langer, Daiane Dos Santos, Gustavo Suertegaray, Carlos Haygert
Congenital absence of the inferior vena cava is a rare vascular anomaly, and most cases are asymptomatic. Nevertheless, patients with inferior vena cava malformations may have increased risk of deep venous thrombosis. Particularly, cases of bilateral deep venous thrombosis may arise owing to an insufficient collateral venous drainage from the lower limbs. We hereby describe a case of a previously healthy young male patient presenting with bilateral lower limb deep venous thrombosis as the initial clinical manifestation of congenital inferior vena cava agenesis...
April 28, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547925/blockade-of-the-dissociation-of-nmmhc-iia-from-tnfr2-by-d39-a-saponin-from-liriope-muscari-suppresses-tissue-factor-expression-and-venous-thrombosis
#16
Ke-Feng Zhai, Jin-Rong Zheng, You-Mei Tang, Fang Li, Yan-Ni Lv, Yuan-Yuan Zhang, Zhen Gao, Jin Qi, Bo-Yang Yu, Jun-Ping Kou
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Non-muscular myosin heavy chain IIA (NMMHC IIA) has been demonstrated to play a key role in tissue factor (TF) expression and venous thrombosis. However, whether natural products could inhibit thrombosis via NMMHC IIA remains unclear. In this study, we identified that a representative natural saponin D39 from Liriope muscari showed anti-thrombotic activity by targeting NMMHC IIA. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: TF expression and activity in endothelial cells were analysed in vitro by western blot and simplified chromogenic assays...
May 26, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542047/inferior-vena-cava-thrombus-in-a-postpartum-patient-with-fontan-physiology-a-case-report
#17
Jessica A Tashjian, Hannah Fraint, James DiNardo, Kathryn Rouine-Rapp
Women with complex congenital heart disease, such as those with single-ventricle physiology, are surviving into adulthood and becoming pregnant. Because of their complex physiology, common peripartum complications pose unique risks. We describe a patient with a single ventricle who underwent an external vascular conduit, nonfenestrated Fontan procedure in childhood and then presented during the postpartum period with extensive thrombosis in her lower extremity deep venous system and inferior vena cava. In this article, we will discuss single-ventricle physiology and the implications of pregnancy, anesthetic considerations, and data for maternal and fetal outcomes in this population...
May 23, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541020/application-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-before-inferior-vena-cava-filter-recovery
#18
Ji-Ping Yan, Wei-Qin Li, Zhen-Feng Wang, Bian-Lian Guo
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the clinical value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEU) before temporary inferior vena cava filter (IVCF) recovery in patients with deep venous thrombosis, in order to provide ultrasound signs for the recovery of IVCF in clinical practice. METHODS: The CEU manifestations of patients with deep vein thrombosis before temporary IVCF recovery were retrospectively analyzed. With the manifestations of digital subtraction angiography (DSA) or results of the surgical recovery of IVCF as the standard, the detection rate of a thrombus in IVCF was compared between conventional ultrasound and CEU; and the role of CEU in detecting complications of IVCF was analyzed...
May 24, 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538647/bilateral-pulmonary-emboli-and-extensive-inferior-vena-cava-thrombosis-in-the-setting-of-large-subcapsularhematoma-and-liver-laceration-after-blunt-trauma
#19
Alejandro Betancourt-Ramirez, Soraya SMolero, Patrizio Petrone, Corrado P Marini, Heidi L Frankel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538190/post-traumatic-inferior-vena-cava-thrombosis-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#20
Amine Chakroun, Mohamed Said Nakhli, Mohamed Kahloul, Mohamed Amine Harrathi, Walid Naija
INTRODUCTION: Post traumatic inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis is a rare and not well described entity with nonspecific clinical presentation. It remains a therapeutic challenge in traumatic context because of haemorrhagic risk due to anticoagulation. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of IVC thrombosis in an 18 year-old man who presented with liver injury following a traffic crash. The thrombosis was incidentally diagnosed on admission by computed tomography...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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