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Vena cava thrombosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050117/-pediatric-idiopathic-hypereosinophilic-syndrome-with-pulmonary-embolism-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#1
N Dong, X Y Dong
Objective: To explore clinical features of idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome combined with pulmonary embolism. Method: A retrospective analysis of a patient with idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome and pulmonary embolism diagnosed and treated in the Respiratory Department of Shanghai Children's Hospital in September 2016 was performed. A literature search was performed with"Eosinophils increased, thrombosis"as the Chinese keywords in Wanfang database and"idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome, deep vein thrombosis"as the English key words in PubMed database...
October 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039441/rivaroxaban-attenuates-thrombosis-by-targeting-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway-in-a-rat-model-of-deep-venous-thrombus
#2
Junhao Ma, Xinxi Li, Yang Wang, Zhenwei Yang, Jun Luo
Anticoagulant therapy is commonly used for the prevention and treatment of patients with deep venous thrombus. Evidence has shown that rivaroxaban is a potential oral anticoagulant drug for the acute treatment of venous thromboembolism. However, the rivaroxaban-mediated molecular mechanism involved in the progression of deep venous thrombosis has not been investigated. In the present study, we investigated the efficacy of rivaroxaban and the underlying signaling pathways in the prevention and treatment of rats with deep venous thrombosis...
September 29, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037346/contemporary-outcomes-of-elective-iliocaval-and-infrainguinal-venous-intervention-for-post-thrombotic-chronic-venous-occlusive-disease
#3
Johnathon C Rollo, Steven M Farley, Juan Carlos Jimenez, Karen Woo, Peter F Lawrence, Brian G DeRubertis
BACKGROUND: Patients with iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis are at risk for development of post-thrombotic syndrome. Iliac vein stenting has been shown to significantly improve clinical outcomes in patients with venous outflow obstruction, although many studies include a heterogeneous population with several different venous pathologic processes. Our objective was to evaluate the results of iliocaval and infrainguinal venous intervention for venous outflow obstruction due to post-thrombotic chronic venous occlusive disease...
November 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032910/venous-thromboembolism-after-laparoscopic-or-robotic-biliopancreatic-diversion-with-duodenal-switch-ninety-days-outcome-of-a-10-years-experience
#4
Hamzeh M Halawani, Charis F Ripley-Hager, Mary C Naglak, Fernando Bonanni, Gintaras Antanavicius
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a feared complication after bariatric surgery. Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) is a complex bariatric procedure that is offered typically to super morbidly obese patients. Scarce data exist in reporting VTE outcome and identifying the risk factors associated with it after BPD-DS. OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk factors for VTE after BPD-DS at 90-day follow-up. SETTING: A nonprofit regional referral center and teaching hospital in Pennsylvania...
September 9, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029715/the-role-of-inferior-vena-cava-filters-in-pulmonary-embolism
#5
Jonathan D Steinberger, Scott J Genshaft
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a cause of significant morbidity and mortality, with an estimated 600,000 cases of clinically significant PE in the United States annually, and roughly 200,000 deaths per annum directly attributable to PE. By far the most frequent cause of PE is deep vein thrombosis originating in the lower extremities, which travels to the pulmonary vasculature. The mainstay of treatment is anticoagulation, but multiple additional treatments exist for patients in whom anticoagulation is inadequate or contraindicated...
September 2017: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029632/fatal-haemorrhage-and-neoplastic-thrombosis-in-a-captive-african-lion-panthera-leo-with-metastatic-testicular-sex-cord-stromal-tumour
#6
Omar Antonio Gonzales-Viera, Angélica María Sánchez-Sarmiento, Natália Coelho Couto de Azevedo Fernandes, Juliana Mariotti Guerra, Rodrigo Albergaria Ressio, José Luiz Catão-Dias
BACKGROUND: The study of neoplasia in wildlife species contributes to the understanding of cancer biology, management practices, and comparative pathology. Higher frequencies of neoplasms among captive non-domestic felids have been reported most commonly in aging individuals. However, testicular tumours have rarely been reported. This report describes a metastatic testicular sex cord-stromal tumour leading to fatal haemorrhage and thrombosis in a captive African lion (Panthera leo). CASE PRESENTATION: During necropsy of a 16-year-old male African lion, the left testicle and spermatic cord were found to be intra-abdominal (cryptorchid), semi-hard and grossly enlarged with multiple pale-yellow masses...
October 13, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026877/prolonged-delayed-renal-graft-function-secondary-to-venous-hypertension
#7
Suraj Mishra, Gaurav Gupta, I Moinuddin, Brian Strife, Uma Prasad, D Massey, Anne King, Dhiren Kumar, Chandra S Bhati
The case of a 39-year-old highly sensitized woman who underwent second renal transplantation after being on warfarin because of a history of frequent thromboses of her left femoral arteriovenous graft (AVG) is reported here. The patient received a flow cytometric positive crossmatch kidney transplant from a deceased donor. Her posttransplant course was complicated by prolonged delayed graft function (DGF) lasting for 9 months. Antibody-mediated rejection occurred in the immediate postoperative period. This resolved after treatment, and resolution was confirmed by repeat biopsy...
October 2017: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990687/phrenicoabdominal-venotomy-for-tumor-thrombectomy-in-dogs-with-adrenal-neoplasia-and-suspected-vena-caval-invasion
#8
Philipp D Mayhew, William T N Culp, Ingrid M Balsa, Allison L Zwingenberger
OBJECTIVE: To describe a technique for tumor thrombectomy by phrenicoabdominal venotomy in dogs with adrenal neoplasia and suspected caval invasion and to report complications and outcomes associated with the procedure. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Eight client-owned dogs with invasive adrenal tumors. METHODS: Medical records of dogs diagnosed with adrenal tumors with extension of thrombus into the phrenicoabdominal vein (PAV) and vena cava were reviewed...
October 9, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979625/giant-bilateral-angiomyolipomas-with-spontaneous-hemorrhage-and-inferior-vena-cava-thrombosis-in-a-patient-with-tuberous-sclerosis
#9
Meriem Menany, Safae Khnaba, Bouchaib Radouane, Mohamed Jidal, Touriya Amil, Rachida Saouab
Renal angiomyolipomas are rare type of benign renal neoplasm. They are composed of vascular, smooth and fat elements and can be associated to phacomatosis as Tuberous Sclerosis disease. Symptomatic presentation is most frequently spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage, which can be fatal. The risk of bleeding is proportional to the size of the lesion (>4 cm of diameter). Typical angiomyolipomas are benign but may have alarming properties: nuclear pleomorphism and mitotic activity, extension into the vena cava, and spread to regional lymph nodes without malignant progression...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964763/treatment-of-an-acute-limb-due-to-inferior-vena-cava-filter-thrombosis
#10
Michael N Young, Mazen Albaghdadi, Rasha Al-Bawardy, Jorge Borges, Kenneth Rosenfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960455/non-traditional-sites-for-vascular-anastomoses-to-enable-kidney-transplantation-in-patients-with-major-systemic-venous-thromboses
#11
Bonnie E Lonze, Nabil N Dagher, Nada Alachkar, Annette M Jackson, Robert A Montgomery
Successful renal transplantation requires low-pressure venous drainage to permit adequate outflow from the allograft. We report here a series of three patients in whom the inferior vena cava as well as bilateral iliac veins were thrombosed, making it necessary to explore less traditional vessels for venous drainage of the renal allograft. We utilized the splanchnic vasculature in two cases, and the native left renal vein in another. The resulting atypical intra-abdominal locations of these allografts also presented difficulties for arterial anastomoses and for urinary drainage...
September 28, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959157/transitional-cell-carcinoma-of-the-renal-pelvis-with-venous-tumor-thrombus
#12
Onkar Singh, Arun Jacob Phillip George, J Chandra Singh, Antony Devasia
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common malignancy that results in venous tumor thrombosis. Transitional cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis with renal or vena cava thrombus is extremely rare. Fewer than 40 cases have been reported. We report a similar case of a patient who underwent radical nephrectomy with a preoperative diagnosis of RCC.
2017: Reviews in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935036/inferior-vena-cava-filters-to-prevent-pulmonary-embolism-systematic-review-and%C3%A2-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Behnood Bikdeli, Saurav Chatterjee, Nihar R Desai, Ajay J Kirtane, Mayur M Desai, Michael B Bracken, Frederick A Spencer, Manuel Monreal, Samuel Z Goldhaber, Harlan M Krumholz
BACKGROUND: Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are widely used for prevention of pulmonary embolism (PE). However, uncertainty persists about their efficacy and safety. OBJECTIVES: The authors conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the published reports on the efficacy and safety of IVC filters. METHODS: The authors searched PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ClinicalTrials.gov through October 3, 2016, for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or prospective controlled observational studies of IVC filters versus none in patients at risk of PE...
September 26, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931754/activated-signature-of-antiphospholipid-syndrome-neutrophils-reveals-potential-therapeutic-target
#14
Jason S Knight, He Meng, Patrick Coit, Srilakshmi Yalavarthi, Gautam Sule, Alex A Gandhi, Robert C Grenn, Levi F Mazza, Ramadan A Ali, Paul Renauer, Jonathan D Wren, Paula L Bockenstedt, Hui Wang, Daniel T Eitzman, Amr H Sawalha
Antiphospholipid antibodies, present in one-third of lupus patients, increase the risk of thrombosis. We recently reported a key role for neutrophils - neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs), in particular - in the thrombotic events that define antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). To further elucidate the role of neutrophils in APS, we performed a comprehensive transcriptome analysis of neutrophils isolated from patients with primary APS. Moreover, APS-associated venous thrombosis was modeled by treating mice with IgG prepared from APS patients, followed by partial restriction of blood flow through the inferior vena cava...
September 21, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930966/bilateral-pulmonary-emboli-and-extensive-inferior-vena-cava-thrombosis-in-the-setting-of-large-subcapsular-hematoma-and-liver-laceration-after-blunt-trauma
#15
Alejandro Betancourt-Ramirez, Soraya SMolero, Patrizio Petrone, Corrado P Marini, Heidi L Frankel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929167/frequency-of-venous-thromboembolism-events-during-acute-inpatient-rehabilitation-in-a-comprehensive-cancer-centre
#16
Amy H Ng, Liat Goldman, Jack B Fu, Thein H Oo, Gary B Chisholm, Diane D Liu, Anuja Bedi, Eduardo Bruera
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of venous thromboembolism, possible predictors, and the association between venous thromboembolism and Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scores and length of stay among cancer patients admitted to the inpatient rehabilitation unit at a cancer centre. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of patients admitted to acute inpatient rehabilitation from September 2011 to June 2013. Subject/patients: Cancer patients in the acute inpatient rehabilitation unit within a tertiary cancer centre...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929091/thrombosis-of-the-abdominal-veins-in-childhood
#17
REVIEW
Riten Kumar, Bryce A Kerlin
Abdominal venous thrombosis is a rare form of venous thromboembolic disease in children. While mortality rates are low, a significant proportion of affected children may suffer long-term morbidity. Additionally, given the infrequency of these thrombi, there is lack of stringent research data and evidence-based treatment guidelines. Nonetheless, pediatric hematologists and other subspecialists are likely to encounter these problems in practice. This review is therefore intended to provide a useful guide on the clinical diagnosis and management of children with these rare forms of venous thromboembolic disease...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916305/unusual-causes-of-venous-thrombosis-bladder-distension-and-uterine-mass
#18
Michael L Caparelli, Steven Perlman, Sepehr Lalezari
Thrombosis of the inferior vena cava (IVC) continues to be a rare event, and there is a scarcity of evidence with regard to its etiology. One source for IVC thrombosis is external compression from adjacent structures. In this case series, we present 1 case of IVC thrombosis caused by a severely distended bladder and a case of external iliac thrombosis caused by external compression from an abnormally enlarged uterus. The treatment of each case is varied and included novel oral anticoagulation, catheter-directed thrombolysis in conjunction with mechanical thrombectomy, or a combination of these...
September 13, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910958/-therapeutic-effect-of-angiojet-mechanical-thrombus-aspiration-system-combined-with-catheter-directed-thrombolysis-on-acute-deep-vein-thrombosis
#19
Y J Mao, C L Li, F R Lei, Y Q Zhang, A M Qian, H F Sang, X Q Li
Objective: To analyze the curative effect of AngioJet mechanical thrombus aspiration combined with catheter directed thrombolysis (CDT) on acute lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (LEDVT). Methods: The clinical data of 20 cases of acute LEDVT treated by AngioJet combined with CDT were analyzed. The inferior vena cava filter was implanted preoperatively, and then the thrombolysis was performed by using AngioJet. The thrombolytic catheter was placed for CDT treatment, and the thrombolysis was evaluated by review angiography...
September 12, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902815/-endovascular-treatment-of-a-patient-with-post-thrombotic-disease-and-obstruction-of-a-cava-filter
#20
E V Shaĭdakov, O Ia Porembskaia, R A Azovtsev, A Iu Smirnov, V L Bulatov
Balloon angioplasty and stenting have increasingly been gaining widespread application for treatment of post-thrombotic alterations in the system of the vena cava. Endovascular ultrasonographic examination makes it possible with the utmost degree of reliability to determine both the extension and degree of the narrowing of venous segments, thus proving a possibility of choosing a venous stent of an appropriate diameter. Restoration of an adequate venous lumen leads to normalization of blood flow and elimination of venous hypertension...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
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