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Vena cava thrombosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228885/omental-flap-transposition-for-inferior-vena-cava-filter-penetration
#1
Junji Yamaguchi, Takamichi Miyamoto, Nobuhiro Hara, Tetsuo Yamaguchi, Tomoyuki Umemoto
A 40-year-old woman presented with uterine malignancy, deep vein thrombosis, and nonmassive pulmonary embolism in both lungs. Gunter-tulip filter was inserted, because she had severe genital bleeding, which is one of the contraindications to anticoagulation therapy. Total hysterectomy was conducted and anticoagulation therapy was started afterward. The thrombus worsened perioperatively, and the filter could not be retrieved. Since there was lymph node recurrence, the second time operation was performed. During operation, the struts were found to be penetrating the inferior vena cava...
March 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224089/kilt-kidney-and-ivc-abnormalities-with-leg-thrombosis-syndrome-in-a-41-years-old-man-with-loin-pain-and-fever
#2
James Kiujing Fung, Victor Hip Wo Yeung, Sau Kwan Chu, Chi Wan Man
KILT syndrome is a rare condition composing the triad of kidney and inferior vena cava anomaly and extensive venous thrombosis. We present a case of newly diagnosed KILT syndrome in a 41-years-old gentleman presenting with loin pain and fever. Reviewing previous case reports, KILT syndrome is usually an incidental finding on imaging studies and there is a wide scope of initial clinical presentations. However, recent evidence suggests IVC anomaly may have caused subsequent renal hypoplasia. Identification of the underlying etiology may be helpful in planning early vascular intervention to treat the condition...
May 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223279/distinct-contributions-of-complement-factors-to-platelet-activation-and-fibrin-formation-in-venous-thrombus-development
#3
Saravanan Subramaniam, Kerstin Jurk, Lukas Hobohm, Sven Jäckel, Mona Saffarzadeh, Kathrin Schwierczek, Philip Wenzel, Florian Langer, Christoph Reinhardt, Wolfram Ruf
Expanding evidence indicates multiple interactions between the hemostatic system and innate immunity and the coagulation and complement cascades. Here we show in a tissue factor (TF)-dependent model of flow restriction-induced venous thrombosis that complement factors (C) make distinct contributions to platelet activation and fibrin deposition. C3-deficiency causes prolonged bleeding, reduced thrombus incidence, thrombus size, fibrin and platelet deposition in the ligated inferior vena cava, and diminished platelet activation in vitro...
February 21, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214484/hybrid-operative-thrombectomy-is-noninferior-to-percutaneous-techniques-for-the-treatment-of-acute-iliofemoral-deep-venous-thrombosis
#4
Limael E Rodríguez, Aihab Aboukheir-Aboukheir, Ricardo Figueroa-Vicente, Hiram Soler-Bernardini, Guillermo Bolanos-Avila, Luis J Torruella-Bartolomei, Anthony J Comerota, Jorge L Martinez-Trabal
OBJECTIVE: Hybrid operative thrombectomy (HOT) is a novel technique for the treatment of acute iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (IFDVT) and is an alternative to percutaneous techniques (PTs) that use thrombolytics. In this study, we compare perioperative and intermediate outcomes of HOT vs PT as interventions for early thrombus removal. METHODS: From July 2008 to May 2015, there were 71 consecutive patients who were treated with either PT (n = 31) or HOT (n = 40) for acute or subacute single-limb IFDVT...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214483/systemic-thrombolysis-increases-hemorrhagic-stroke-risk-without-survival-benefit-compared-with-catheter-directed-intervention-for-the-treatment-of-acute-pulmonary-embolism
#5
Nathan L Liang, Efthymios D Avgerinos, Michael J Singh, Michel S Makaroun, Rabih A Chaer
BACKGROUND: Systemic thrombolysis (ST) and catheter-directed intervention (CDI) are both used in the treatment of acute pulmonary embolism (PE), but the comparative outcomes of these two therapies remain unclear. The objective of this study was to compare short-term mortality and safety outcomes between the two treatments using a large national database. METHODS: Patients presenting with acute PE were identified in the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) from 2009 to 2012...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214054/-downhill-esophageal-varices-secondary-to-superior-vena-cava-thrombosis-and-abnormal-factor-v
#6
A J Gómez-Aldana, M A Gómez-Zuleta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208936/supra-hepatic-inferior-vena-cava-thrombosis-surgical-challenges
#7
Senthil Muthuraman, Anand Ramamurthy, Mahesh Gopashetty, Cuddalore Sadasivam Vijayshankar, Anand Khakhar
Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) is a chronic affliction characterized by numerous liver and kidney cysts. There is a gradual but progressive renal and liver impairment which may require combined liver-kidney transplantation. Compression of the retrohepatic Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) by an enlarged polycystic liver may impede clear visualization on pre-operative imaging and miss an underlying thrombosis or obliteration. This may result in an intra-operative surprise. Management can be challenging requiring modification of conventional surgical approach...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208202/inferior-vena-cava-filters-when-to-place-and-when-to-remove
#8
John M Moriarty, Jonathan D Steinberger, Anshuman K Bansal
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common and feared result of deep vein thrombosis. While anticoagulation is the mainstay of management, interruption of flow of thrombus from leg veins to the pulmonary circulation is frequently desired either in lieu of or in addition to anticoagulation. Inferior vena cava filters have become frequently used to prevent PE despite a paucity of evidence for efficacy and increasing concerns about the long-term complications of indwelling filters.
February 2017: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194181/simultaneous-left-ventricular-and-deep-vein-thrombi-caused-by-protein-c-deficiency
#9
Harufumi Maki, Motohiro Nishiyama, Motoaki Shirakawa
Protein C deficiency is a risk of venous thrombosis because of poor fibrinolytic activity. It remains controversial whether protein C deficiency causes arterial thrombosis. A 21-year-old woman was referred with a chief complaint of right leg pain and numbness. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed a low-density mass in the left ventricle (LV), splenic infarction, and peripheral arterial obstructions in her right leg. Thrombosis extending from the renal vein to the inferior vena cava was also detected...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188927/xanthohumol-isolated-from-humulus-lupulus-prevents-thrombosis-without-increased-bleeding-risk-by-inhibiting-platelet-activation-and-mtdna-release
#10
Guang Xin, Zeliang Wei, Chengjie Ji, Huajie Zheng, Jun Gu, Limei Ma, Wenfang Huang, Susan L Morris-Natschke, Jwu-Lai Yeh, Rui Zhang, Chaoyi Qin, Li Wen, Zhihua Xing, Yu Cao, Qing Xia, Ke Li, Hai Niu, Kuo-Hsiung Lee, Wen Huang
AIM: As the global population has reached 7 billion and the baby boom generation reaches old age, thrombosis has become the major contributor to the global disease burden. It has been reported that, in moderate doses, beer may protect against thrombosis. Xanthohumol (XN), an antioxidant, is found at high concentrations in hop cones (Humulus lupulus L.) and is a common ingredient of beer. Here, the aim of the present work was to investigate the effects of XN on antithrombotic and antiplatelet activities, and study its mechanism...
February 7, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176619/inferior-vena-cava-replacement-in-living-donor-liver-transplant-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-first-case-report-in-saudi-arabia
#11
Firas Zahr Eldeen, Mohammed Rabie Abdulfatah, Dieter Broering
Living-donor liver transplant for hepatocellular carcinoma located on hepatocaval confluence or in contact with the inferior vena cava is technically challenging, and candidates for this kind of procedure should be carefully selected. It is difficult to rule out major vascular invasion except after hepatectomy and histologic examination; in addition, the possible dissemination of cancer cells during recipient hepatectomy is a considerable risk. Herein, we report the first case in Saudi Arabia of right lobe living-donor liver transplant combined with inferior vena cava reconstruction using cryopreserved iliac vein graft after en bloc resection of the liver with part of the diaphragm, anterior wall of retrohepatic inferior vena cava, and a 5-cm hepatocellular carcinoma in segment 7...
February 7, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170405/treatment-algorithm-based-on-the-multivariate-survival-analyses-in-patients-with-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-treated-with-trans-arterial-chemoembolization
#12
Hasmukh J Prajapati, Hyun S Kim
PURPOSE: To develop the treatment algorithm from multivariate survival analyses (MVA) in patients with Barcelona clinic liver cancer (BCLC) C (advanced) Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients treated with Trans-arterial Chemoembolization (TACE). METHODS: Consecutive unresectable and non-tranplantable patients with advanced HCC, who received DEB TACE were studied. A total of 238 patients (mean age, 62.4yrs) was included in the study. Survivals were analyzed according to different parameters from the time of the 1st DEB TACE...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169486/hepatic-vena-cava-syndrome-new-concept-of-pathogenesis
#13
REVIEW
Santosh Man Shrestha, Masayoshi Kage, Byung Boong Lee
Hepatic vena cava syndrome (HVCS) also known as membranous obstruction of inferior vena cava was considered a rare congenital disease and included under Budd Chiari syndrome. It is now recognized as a bacterial infection induced disease related to poor hygienic living condition. Localized thrombophlebitis of IVC at the site close to hepatic veins (HV) outlets is the initial lesion which converts on resolution into stenosis or complete obstruction, the circulatory equilibrium being maintained by development of cavo-caval collateral anastomosis...
February 7, 2017: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163719/inferior-vena-cava-and-renal-vein-thrombosis-associated-with-thymic-carcinoma
#14
Vlad Teodor Berbecar, Roxana Jurubita, Marina Paraschiv, Bogdan Obrisca, Bogdan Sorohan, Gener Ismail
Thymic tumors are rare mediastinal tumors that can present with a wide variety of symptoms. They can cause distant manifestations and are frequently associated with paraneoplastic syndromes. In our case, we describe the evolution of a 68-year-old male whose first manifestation was thrombosis of the inferior vena cava and renal veins. Thrombosis of large abdominal veins is rare, especially without being associated with any other comorbidity or risk factors.
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163657/successful-treatment-of-deep-vein-thrombosis-caused-by-iliac-vein-compression-syndrome-with-a-single-dose-direct-oral-anti-coagulant
#15
Naoya Nakashima, Daisuke Sueta, Yusuke Kanemaru, Seiji Takashio, Eiichiro Yamamoto, Shinsuke Hanatani, Hisanori Kanazawa, Yasuhiro Izumiya, Sunao Kojima, Koichi Kaikita, Seiji Hokimoto, Kenichi Tsujita
BACKGROUND: Although vein stenting is popular for treatment for venous thromboembolism due to mechanical compression, some cases are forced to avoid inserting align agents because of immunodeficiency. CASE PRESENTATION: An 82-year-old man with left extremity redness and swelling presented to a hospital for a medical evaluation. The patient was immunodeficient because of the adverse effects of his treatment for Castleman's disease. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan revealed a venous thromboembolism in inferior vena cava and the left lower extremity...
2017: Thrombosis Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163175/thrombosis-of-the-inferior-vena-cava-after-endovascular-aortic-repair-in-a-patient-with-may-thurner-syndrome-case-report-and-literature-review
#16
Firouza Dahi, Asimakis Gkremoutis, Marc Harth, Thomas Schmitz-Rixen, Michael Keese
Inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis is a rare complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). A 70-year-old male patient of Italian origin presented with a 9.3 x 8.4 cm infrarenal AAA, which was treated by endovascular aortic repair (EVAR). He reported a history of ulcerative colitis and was on prednisolone 80 mg daily. Seven weeks postoperatively the patient was readmitted with a deep vein thrombosis including both iliac veins and IVC, and bilateral pulmonary embolism. Venous thrombectomy and decompression of the IVC was performed by partial resection of the aneurysm sac...
February 2, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152555/stent-implantation-for-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-of%C3%A2-malignant-cause
#17
Felix A Büstgens, Reinhard Loose, Joachim H Ficker, Michael Wucherer, Michael Uder, Ralf Adamus
Purpose The purpose of this paper is the retrospective analysis of endovascular therapy for the treatment of superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) of malignant cause. This study focuses on the effectiveness of the therapy regarding the duration of remission, symptom control and practicability. Materials and Methods From January 2003 to November 2012, therapeutic implantation of one or more stents was performed in 141 patients suffering from SVCS. The medical history was retrospectively researched using digitalized patient files...
February 2, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150849/from-thrombosis-to-fibrosis-in-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension
#18
Magdalena L Bochenek, Nico S Rosinus, Mareike Lankeit, Lukas Hobohm, Felix Bremmer, Eva Schütz, Frederikus A Klok, Sven Horke, Christoph B Wiedenroth, Thomas Münzel, Irene M Lang, Eckhard Mayer, Stavros Konstantinides, Katrin Schäfer
The pathomechanisms underlying the development of thrombofibrotic pulmonary artery occlusions in Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension (CTEPH) are largely unknown. The aim of this study was to allocate distinct cellular processes playing a role in thrombus resolution, such as inflammation, hypoxia, proliferation, apoptosis and angiogenesis, to different stages of thrombofibrotic remodelling. A total of 182 pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) specimens were collected from 31 CTEPH patients. To facilitate co-localisation, Tissue MicroArrays were prepared and processed for (immuno)-histochemistry and confocal fluorescence microscopy...
February 2, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145872/double-inferior-vena-cava-and-its-implications-during-endovascular-and-surgical-interventions-a-word-of-caution
#19
Nicolas W Shammas, Rayan Jo Rachwan, Ghassan Daher, Bassel Bou Dargham
Double inferior vena cava (DIVC) is present in 0.2%-3.0% of the general population. Its presence can be detected by computed tomographic angiography or magnetic resonance imaging. Identifying the presence of DIVC is important to define its relationship with the renal vein, its size when IVC filters are planned, the location of the left renal vein in relationship to the aorta, and for planning of IVC filter placement in the setting of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Finally, this entity should not be mistaken for lymphadenopathy and its course should be well understood before abdominal and pelvic/retroperitoneal surgical interventions...
February 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139107/-venous-aneurysms-associated-with-lymphatic-malformations
#20
V Núñez Cerezo, M I Romo Muñoz, J Jiménez Gómez, P Triana Junco, A Sánchez Galán, G Chocarro Amatriain, J C López Gutiérrez
OBJECTIVES: To analyze and describe the association between the development of venous aneurysms of the mayor vessels in patients with lymphatic malformations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective review of patients diagnosed with both VA and LM from 1993 to 2014 and a descriptive analysis of clinical course was performed. RESULTS: We found 6 patients, 50% females, who had LM and VA confirmed with imaging techniques. All were diagnosed between 20 weeks- 12 years of age...
April 10, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
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