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Vena cava thrombosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914813/balloon-angioplasty-for-symptomatic-inferior-vena-cava-aneurysm
#1
Kenneth Walsh, David O'Connor, Michael Wilderman, Anjali Ratnathicam, Gregory Simonian, Massimo M Napolitano
Aneurysms of the inferior vena cava (IVC) are uncommon. Symptomatic patients usually present with thrombosis and venous obstruction. Classification is based on location and the presence or absence of congenital IVC interruption. Treatment options include observation, open surgical resection, and endovascular modalities, of which coil embolization and stent graft placement have previously been described. We report the case of a patient with a 5.0-cm infrarenal IVC aneurysm and associated congenital stenosis who successfully underwent balloon angioplasty...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909860/outcomes-and-associated-factors-in-malpractice-litigation-involving-inferior-vena-cava-filters
#2
REVIEW
Kenny Oh, Anil Hingorani
OBJECTIVE: Placement of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters is a controversial focus of medical malpractice. Clinicians currently have little information to guide them regarding key issues and outcomes in litigation. In this retrospective legal case review, we analyzed the factors associated with malpractice actions involving IVC filters. METHODS: The legal databases LexisNexis and Westlaw were searched from 1967 to 2016 for all published legal cases in the United States involving placement of IVC filters...
July 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904039/an-unusual-cause-of-cauda-equina-syndrome-lumbar-epidural-venous-engorgement
#3
Husam A AlTahan, Roaa R Amer, Areej A Madani, Eman A Bakhsh
BACKGROUND Epidural venous plexus (EVP) engorgement occurs due to many conditions, so it can be easily misdiagnosed. This becomes problematic when the diagnosis requires prompt treatment for a good outcome, especially when it results in cauda equina syndrome (CES). We report a case of extensive iliocaval thrombosis leading to epidural venous plexus and ascending lumbar vein engorgement as an outcome of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) due to probable adverse effects of oral combined contraceptive pills (OCCP). CASE REPORT A 42-year-old woman presented to a rural medical facility with bilateral lower-limb swelling and skin darkening for 2 days...
June 15, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896024/prophylactic-inferior-vena-cava-filters-in-patients-with-fractures-of-the-pelvis-or-long-bones
#4
Paul D Stein, Fadi Matta, Mary J Hughes
Background: Which patients with fractures, if any, have a lower mortality with prophylactic inferior vena cava filters has yet to be established. The purpose of this investigation is to determine if patients with low-risk fractures might benefit from a prophylactic inferior vena cava filter. Methods: Administrative data was analyzed from the National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample using ICD-9-CM codes. Included patients were aged 18 years or older with a primary diagnosis of non-complex fracture of the pelvis, or fracture of the femuralone, or fracture of the tibia and/or fibula...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895483/successful-treatment-of-massive-thrombosis-in-different-locations-with-prolonged-thrombolytic-therapy-a-life-saving-intervention
#5
Ibrahim Rencuzogullari, Metin Cağdaş, Suleyman Karakoyun, Yavuz Karabağ, Tufan Çınar
Venous thrombosis is recognized as one of the most important complications of nephrotic syndrome (NS). In patients with NS, venous thrombosis may develop in the renal veins, the deep veins of the lower limb, and the inferior vena cava. Here, we describe a case report of an NS patient with multiple venous thrombosis in the right renal vein, the left iliac vein, the vena cava inferior, the right atrium, and the pulmonary arteries. Moreover, we describe the successful treatment of multiple venous thrombosis with prolonged thrombolytic treatment in spite of an increased risk of bleeding due to renal biopsy...
June 3, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895293/robotic-treatment-of-oligometastatic-kidney-tumor-with-synchronous-pancreatic-metastasis-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Andrea Boni, Giovanni Cochetti, Stefano Ascani, Michele Del Zingaro, Francesca Quadrini, Alessio Paladini, Diego Cocca, Ettore Mearini
BACKGROUND: The management of metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) has changed dramatically in the last 20 years, and the role of surgery in the immunotherapy's era is under debate. Metastatic lesions interesting pancreas are infrequent, but those harbouring from RCC have an high incidence. If metachronous resections are not rare, synchronous resection of primary RCC and its pancreatic metastasis is uncommonly reported, and accounts for a bad prognosis. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 68 years old woman, who presented hematuria at hospital incoming, with radiological appearance of a 13 cm left renal mass, with a 2...
June 13, 2018: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891592/the-endothelial-tumor-suppressor-p53-is-essential-for-venous-thrombus-formation-in-aged-mice
#7
Magdalena L Bochenek, Tobias Bauer, Rajinikanth Gogiraju, Yona Nadir, Amrit Mann, Tanja Schönfelder, Leonie Hünig, Benjamin Brenner, Thomas Münzel, Philip Wenzel, Stavros Konstantinides, Katrin Schäfer
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in elderly people. Increased expression of tumor suppressor protein 53 (p53) has been implicated in vascular senescence. Here, we examined the importance of endothelial p53 for venous thrombosis and whether endothelial senescence and p53 overexpression are involved in the exponential increase of VTE with age. Mice with conditional, endothelial-specific deletion of p53 (End.p53-KO) and their wild-type littermates (End.p53-WT) underwent subtotal inferior vena cava (IVC) ligation to induce venous thrombosis...
June 12, 2018: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887474/bone-marrow-derived-mononuclear-cell-seeded-bioresorbable-vascular-graft-improves-acute-graft-patency-by-inhibiting-thrombus-formation-via-platelet-adhesion
#8
Hideki Miyachi, James W Reinhardt, Satoru Otsuru, Shuhei Tara, Hidetaka Nakayama, Tai Yi, Yong-Ung Lee, Shinka Miyamoto, Toshihiro Shoji, Tadahisa Sugiura, Christopher K Breuer, Toshiharu Shinoka
BACKGROUND: Acute thrombosis is a crucial cause of bioresorbable vascular graft (BVG) failure. Bone marrow-derived mononuclear cell (BM-MNC)-seeded BVGs demonstrated high graft patency, however, the effect of seeded BM-MNCs against thrombosis remains to be elucidated. Thus, we evaluated an antithrombotic effect of BM-MNC-seeding and utilized platelet-depletion mouse models to evaluate the contribution of platelets to acute thrombosis of BVGs. METHODS AND RESULTS: BVGs were composed of poly(glycolic acid) mesh sealed with poly(l-lactideco-ε-caprolactone)...
September 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871810/transcatheter-closure-of-large-atrial-septal-defects-asds-in-symptomatic-children-with-device-weight-ratio-%C3%A2-1-5
#9
Ali Houeijeh, Sebastien Hascoët, Hélène Bouvaist, Khaled Hadeed, Jérôme Petit, François Godart, Alain Fraisse
BACKGROUND: Atrial septal defects (ASDs) can be symptomatic in small children in cases of co-morbidities. Transcatheter closure remains controversial for large defects in small children. OBJECTIVE: To describe transcatheter closure of ASDs in children with device/weight ratio ≥1.5. METHODS: We retrospectively studied between January 2000 and January 2016 all cases of percutaneous ASD closure with device/weight ratio ≥1.5 in 6 European centres...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866665/management-of-acute-lower-extremity-deep-venous-thrombosis-in-a-patient-with-duplicated-inferior-vena-cava-and-contraindication-to-anticoagulation-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Shrinil Patel, Anmol Cheema, Tejas Karawadia, Michael Carson
Duplication of the inferior vena cava (DIVC) is an uncommon embryological anatomic phenomenon.We report a 63-year-old woman with extensive right leg deep vein thrombosis who required an IVC filter due to contraindications for anticoagulation, but was found to have DIVC which required the placement of two IVC filters with good result. This report will review and summarise past reports of DIVC management to provide a guide for future clinicians, and review the embryological development, diagnosis and IVC filter placement options as they are based on the type of anatomic malformation encountered...
June 4, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861566/renal-vein-thrombosis-as-presentation-of-non-m3-acute-myeloid-leukemia-in-an-adult-patient
#11
S K Sureka, P Yadav, P Kumar, A Srivastava
A 46-year-old male presented with left flank pain and was found to have left nephromegaly with renal vein and inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombus. On hematological evaluation, he had leukocytosis and thrombocytopenia. Further evaluation revealed acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Following initial cytoreductive therapy and supportive care for hyperleukocytosis, he underwent left simple nephrectomy with IVC thrombectomy. Postoperatively, he developed massive thrombosis of infrahepatic IVC with renal failure. Renal venous thrombosis as a rare presentation of AML in adults with leukemic hyperleukocytosis has not been reported...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804569/factors-to-consider-regarding-the-need-for-inferior-vena-cava-filters
#12
REVIEW
Piotr Sobieszczyk
There continues to be controversy on the use of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters in patients with deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, and venous thromboembolism. In this state of the art review, the benefits and risks of IVC filters are discussed. Based on the current state of knowledge regarding the efficacy and risks of this therapy, guidelines are suggested regarding the patients who need and who do not need this expensive, risky, but potentially life-saving therapy.
March 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29798687/thrombotic-storm-in-a-4-year-old-boy-with-a-thrombus-in-the-right-atrium
#13
Jing-Yao Ma, Xin Zhang, Xiao-Feng Li, Le-Jian He, Ning Ma, Yun-Yun Wei, Run-Hui Wu, Fang-Yun Wang
Thrombotic storm (TS) is a rare disease, especially with thrombus in the heart of pediatric patient. We present a case of a 4-year-old boy, who was diagnosed with TS during his first hospitalization due to lower extremity deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, and thrombosis of the inferior vena cava, cerebral, left internal jugular, portal, renal, and iliac veins. He was eventually prescribed with rivaroxaban to control thrombosis after 30 days of successive use of low-molecular-weight heparin, unfractionated heparin, and warfarin, which were demonstrating little effect on preventing thrombosis, and the patient was intolerant to argatroban...
January 2018: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790081/transplant-renal-vein-thrombosis-in-a-recipient-with-aberrant-venous-anatomy
#14
Lyndsey Thiessen, Sarah MacDonell, Chris Wall, Preman Jacob, Ahmed Shoker, Michael A J Moser
Renal vein thrombosis in a transplanted kidney is an uncommon but critical complication that can result in graft loss if management is delayed. A 31-year-old male with known atresia of the inferior vena cava who received a deceased donor renal transplant 7 years previously presented to hospital with severe graft site pain and a week of nausea, vomiting, and chills. Serum creatinine was markedly elevated from baseline. Sonographic examination revealed external iliac vein thrombosis with extension of the thrombus into the transplant renal vein...
May 22, 2018: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786104/correlation-between-the-expression-of-il%C3%A2-18-and-deep-venous-thrombosis
#15
Guangdi Li, Rudan Zhou, Xueling Zhao, Riguang Liu, Chuan Ye
The present study aimed to investigate the effect of the expression of interleukin (IL)‑18 and related markers on deep venous thrombosis (DVT) to examine their correlation. Sprague‑Dawley rats of different models were established and were randomly assigned into three groups. The expression of IL‑18, nuclear factor (NF)‑κB and von Willebrand factor (vWF) were detected in blood samples. The inferior vena cava (IVC) was ligated to establish the DVT model. Rat IL‑18 overexpression and inhibition vectors were constructed...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784127/endovascular-iliocaval-reconstruction-for-chronic-iliocaval-thrombosis-the-data-where-we-are-and-how-it-is-done
#16
Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Ravi N Srinivasa, Kyle J Cooper, Neil Jairath, Anthony N Hage, Brooke Spencer, Steven D Abramowitz
Iliocaval thrombosis, or thrombosis of the inferior vena cava and iliac veins, is associated with significant morbidity in the form of limb-threatening compromise from phlegmasia cerulean dolens, development of post-thrombotic syndrome, and death secondary to pulmonary embolism. Endovascular iliocaval reconstruction is an effective treatment for iliocaval thrombosis with high levels of technical success, favorable clinical outcomes and stent patency rates, and few complications. It is often able to relieve the debilitating symptoms experienced by affected patients and is a viable option for patients who fail conservative management...
June 2018: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784124/caval-thrombus-management-the-data-where-we-are-and-how-it-is-done
#17
Brittany Harrison, Frank Hao, Nii Koney, Justin McWilliams, John M Moriarty
Thromboses of the superior and inferior vena cava, either isolated or associated with distal deep venous thrombosis, are uncommon, but confer potentially serious morbidity and mortality. Incidence is increasing, especially with the prominence of intravascular devices. The range of treatment options is also expanding to include medical management, surgery, and endovascular techniques which are now frequently considered first line therapy due to lower reintervention rates and decreased periprocedural morbidity...
June 2018: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781569/pediatric-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-an-evidence-based-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Fadi Nossair, Peter Schoettler, Joanne Starr, Anthony K C Chan, Ivan Kirov, Bosco Paes, Arash Mahajerin
Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) results in vascular, respiratory, and neurologic compromise. A systematic search was conducted to determine the prevalence of pediatric SVCS subtypes and identify clinical characteristics/treatment strategies that may influence overall outcomes. Data from 101 case reports/case series (142 patients) were analyzed. Morbidity (30%), mortality (18%), and acute complications (55%) were assessed as outcomes. Thrombosis was present in 36%, with multi-modal anticoagulation showing improved outcome by >50% (P = 0...
May 21, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781388/hospitalization-metrics-associated-with-hospital-level-variation-in-inferior-vena-cava-filter-utilization-for-patients-with-venous-thromboembolism-in-the-united-states-implications-for-quality-of-care
#19
Ming Chen, Amie Goodin, Hong Xiao, Qiong Han, Driss Raissi, Joshua Brown
Variation in the use of inferior vena cava filters (IVCFs) across hospitals has been observed, suggesting differences in quality of care. Hospitalization metrics associated with venous thromboembolism (VTE) patients have not been compared based on IVCF utilization rates using a national sample. We conducted a descriptive retrospective study using the Nationwide Readmissions Database (NRD) to delineate the variability of hospitalization metrics across the hospital quartiles of IVCF utilization for VTE patients...
May 1, 2018: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775172/septic-and-tumor-thrombosis-caught-by-inferior-vena-cava-filters-and-demonstrated-on-fdg-pet-ct
#20
Yiyan Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Vascular Medicine
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