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Vena cava thrombosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734433/hybrid-approach-for-the-treatment-of-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-induced-by-pacemaker
#1
Ramón Maseda Uriza, Alfonso Jurado-Román, Javier Jimenez Díaz, Jesús Piqueras Flores, Felipe Higuera Sobrino, Enrique Oliva De Anquín
Pacemaker-induced superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) is a rare but incapacitating adverse event that can occur years after implantation. Inasmuch as it is a rare disease, there is no consensus about its treatment. The most widely used option is balloon angioplasty and venous stent implantation, with preservation of the lead or previous extraction and subsequent reimplantation after the procedure, which is associated with new episodes of thrombosis. The epicardial implantation reduces the risk of thrombosis...
August 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726650/-modified-system-of-thromboprophylaxis-in-patients-with-surgical-profile
#2
O Kolotylo, I Venher, S Kostiv, A Iftodiy
The aim of the study was to reduce the incidence of postoperative thrombosis in the veins of the inferior vena cava basin under planned surgical interventions by using a modified thromboprophylaxis method. Two groups of patients were studied in a total of 698 patients who underwent a risk assessment of postoperative venous thromboembolism (PVTE) using the J. Caprini scale (2012). According to the patients indicated in determining the degree of risk of HTHP development according to the J. Caprini scale, the level of surgical stress was simultaneously determined...
June 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722597/occult-amoebic-liver-abscess-as-cause-of-extensive-inferior-vena-cava-and-hepatic-vein-thrombosis
#3
Leslie Martin, Nishigandha Burute, Ehsan Haider, Pablo E Serrano, Timothy O'Shea, Deborah Siegal
The most common extraintestinal complication of Entamoeba histolytica is amoebic liver abscess (ALA). Hepatic vein and inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis are rare but well-documented complications of ALA, typically attributed to mechanical compression and inflammation associated with a large abscess. We present a case of a previously healthy 43-year-old Canadian man presenting with constitutional symptoms and right upper quadrant abdominal pain. He was found to have thrombophlebitis of the IVC, accessory right hepatic vein, and bilateral iliac veins...
July 3, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708470/safety-and-efficacy-of-an-absorbable-filter-in-the-inferior-vena-cava-to-prevent-pulmonary-embolism-in-swine
#4
Steven Y Huang, Mitchell Eggers, Mark J McArthur, Katherine A Dixon, Amanda McWatters, Stephen Dria, Lori R Hill, Marites P Melancon, Joseph R Steele, Michael J Wallace
Purpose To evaluate the immediate and long-term safety as well as thrombus-capturing efficacy for 5 weeks after implantation of an absorbable inferior vena cava (IVC) filter in a swine model. Materials and Methods This study was approved by the institutional animal care and use committee. Eleven absorbable IVC filters made from polydioxanone suture were deployed via a catheter in the IVC of 11 swine. Filters remained in situ for 2 weeks (n = 2), 5 weeks (n = 2), 12 weeks (n = 2), 24 weeks (n = 2), and 32 weeks (n = 3)...
July 14, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702269/marker-negative-pheochromocytoma-associated-with-inferior-vena-cava-thrombosis
#5
S Poudyal, M Pradhan, S Chapagain, B R Luitel, P R Chalise, U K Sharma, P R Gyawali
Pheochromocytoma associated with inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis is very rare. A 27-year-old female presented with right flank pain and hypertensive urgency. Contrast-enhanced CT abdomen and gadolinium-contrast MRI abdomen revealed right adrenal mass suspicious of malignancy with invasion and compression to the right IVC wall along with IVC thrombus extending from the level of renal veins to the level of confluence with hepatic veins. Her routine laboratory investigations including 24-hour urine fractionated metanephrines, vanillylmandelic acid, and cortisol were normal...
2017: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697692/primary-intra-aortic-epstein-barr-virus-positive-large-b-cell-lymphoma-presenting-as-aortic-mural-thrombosis-an-entity-distinct-from-intravascular-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#6
Ryuta Nakao, Aki Sakashita, Atsushi Omoto, Osamu Sato, Yoko Hino, Akio Yanagisawa, Yoji Urata
Intravascular selective growth of neoplastic B lymphocytes is a characteristic finding of intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL). However, because neoplastic B cells of IVLBCL grow merely in the lumina of capillaries or small vessels, primary IVLBCL of the great vessels is considered exceptional. To our knowledge, only 2 primary B-cell lymphomas in the lumina of the vena cava have been reported. However, there has been no report of primary B-cell lymphoma with intra-aortic growth. We describe a novel manifestation of primary Epstein-Barr virus-positive large B-cell lymphoma mainly affecting the lumina of the aorta and its major branches in a 76-year-old man...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694415/-screening-of-deep-vein-thrombosis-prior-to-surgery-using-d-dimer-testing-and-venous-ultrasonography-of-lower-extremities
#7
Akira Joraku, Satoshi Nitta, Ken Tanaka, Daishi Ichioka, Atsushi Ikeda, Takayuki Yoshino, Shuya Kandori, Takashi Kawahara, Natsui Waku, Takahiro Kojima, Hiroyuki Nishiyama
Deep vein thrombus (DVT) in a patient awaiting surgery is a considerable source of pulmonary embolisms (PEs) during the surgical period, but screening for DVTs has not been emphasized. This retrospective study was conducted to identify factors associated with a positive D-dimer result and DVT diagnosis in order to evaluate the usefulness of DVT screening for patients awaiting surgery. A total of 1,061 patients (872 males, 189 females) underwent D-dimer testing prior to urological surgery at Tsukuba University Hospital between April 2013 and March 2016...
June 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689944/popliteal-venous-aneurysm-and-multiple-lower-extremity-varicose-veins-presenting-with-a-left-sided-inferior-vena-cava
#8
Masaya Nakashima, Masayoshi Kobayashi
A venous aneurysm (VA) is a relatively rare disease defined by cystic vasodilated lesions in a general vein. Popliteal venous aneurysm (PVA) is a rare clinical entity, and the first signs may be a thromboembolic event. They can cause potentially life-threating diseases, such as pulmonary embolism and deep venous thrombosis. A left-sided inferior vena cava (IVC) is a common anomaly associated with venous thrombus, resulting in anatomical variations in the venous return from the lower limbs. The general vascular malformation of PVA and left-sided IVC should also be preoperatively understood because of the unpredictable risk of thromboembolic complications...
July 6, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689938/gonadal-vein-transposition-in-nutcracker-syndrome
#9
Roy Miler, Eric K Shang, Woosup Michael Park
INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVES: Nutcracker syndrome, caused by mesoaortic compression of the left renal vein leading to symptoms related to venous hypertension, is an uncommon entity that may require operative intervention. Traditional open transposition of the left renal vein to the vena cava has been shown to have a re-intervention rate of up to 30%, while also having additional morbidity associated with laparotomy. More recently, endovascular stenting has been described in several small series, but have reported stent fracture, thrombosis and migration...
July 6, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685257/budd-chiari-syndrome-hepatic-venous-outflow-tract-obstruction
#10
REVIEW
Dominique-Charles Valla
BACKGROUND: Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is a rare disease characterized by hepatic venous outflow tract obstruction (HVOTO). METHODS: Recent literature has been analyzed for this narrative review. RESULTS: Primary BCS/HVOTO is a result of thrombosis. The same patient often has multiple risk factors for venous thrombosis and most have at least one. Presentation and etiology may differ between Western and certain Eastern countries. Myeloproliferative neoplasms are present in 40% of patients and are usually associated with the V617F-JAK2 mutation in myeloid cells, in particular peripheral blood granulocytes...
July 6, 2017: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678675/multidisciplinary-management-of-testicular-cancer-complicated-by-thrombosis-of-the-inferior-vena-cava-a-case-report
#11
Louisa Soukane, Miguel Bouzas Cardaci, Christelle Marechal, Bernard Van Houte, Cesar Vazquez
INTRODUCTION: Testicular cancer is a rare disease, most commonly seen in young adults. It represents 1% of solid cancers in men. Inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis remains a rare complication of testicular cancer and is often associated with a high risk of pulmonary embolism (PE). CASE REPORT: The authors report a case of a 26-year-old man presenting with advanced testicular cancer, left-sided retroperitoneal metastasis and parietal infiltration of the IVC complicated with thrombosis of the left iliac vein and the IVC, both responsible for PE...
July 5, 2017: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674355/the-successful-removal-of-two-retrievable-inferior-vena-cava-ivc-filters-after-67-days-in-a-patient-with-a-double-ivc
#12
Hiroki Niikura, Hitoshi Anzai, Nobuyuki Kobayashi, Masato Nakamura
We herein present a case in which two retrievable inferior vena cava (IVC) filters, which were implanted to treat deep-vein thrombosis caused by the compression of a double IVC, were successfully removed on the 67th day after placement. The filters were individually placed in both the left and right IVCs. With a prevalence of only 0.2%, a double IVC is an extremely rare anatomical variation. The long-term effects of IVC filters are unknown, and the placement of a filter potentially introduces the risk of complications...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667425/effectiveness-of-catheter-directed-thrombolysis-and-stent-implantation-on-iliofemoral-vein-thrombosis-caused-by-iliac-vein-compression
#13
Zhi-Bing Ming, Wen-Dong Li, Rui-Fan Yuan, Xiao-Qiang Li, Wen-Bin Ding
The purpose of this study was to objectively assess the morbidity of post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) in iliofemoral vein thrombosis treated with catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) and stenting under the protection of inferior vena cava (IVC) filter. All patients with an unprovoked episode of iliofemoral vein thrombosis combined with iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS) during January 2011 and January 2015 were enrolled. Clinical records of all patients were evaluated. Firstly, cox regression was performed to find out the factors impacted the incidence of PTS...
August 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658104/thrombotic-complications-and-tip-position-of-transjugular-chronic-dialysis-catheter-scheduled-into-superior-vena-cava-findings-on-hr-mrcp-and-hr-t2wi
#14
Whenzheng Li, Fang Li, He Wang, Xueying Long, Obin Ghimire, Yigang Pei, Xiangcheng Xiao, Jianping Ning
BACKGROUND: Catheter-related thrombotic complications(TCs) can occur during the long term use of a chronic dialysis catheter (CDC), including fibrin sheath (FS), mural thrombosis (MT), venous thrombosis (VT), and intraluminal clots (IC), which has not been reported with MRI. The aim of our study was to evaluate the determination of catheter tip position (TP) and resolution of TCs in patients with transjugular CDC scheduled into the superior vena cava using high resolution magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (HR-MRCP) and T2-weighted imaging (HR-T2WI)...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656317/-imaging-representation-of-peripheral-veins
#15
REVIEW
B Voigts, N Abolmaali, C Stelzner, S M Schellong
Several techniques are available for imaging of the venous system of the legs and pelvic region. In cases of suspected deep leg vein thrombosis B‑mode compression ultrasound is applied. Its accuracy is sufficient to either confirm or exclude the diagnosis with certainty. For examination of the iliac veins, however, flow information has to be added by pulsed wave (PW) Doppler or color Doppler sonography. In cases of suspected arm vein thrombosis, ultrasound is also the method of choice. The more proximal or the central parts of the venous system, i...
June 27, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642012/evaluation-of-a-device-combining-an-inferior-vena-cava-filter-and-a-central-venous-catheter-for-preventing-pulmonary-embolism-among-critically-ill-trauma-patients
#16
Victor F Tapson, Joshua P Hazelton, John Myers, Claudia Robertson, Ramyar Gilani, Julie A Dunn, Marko Bukur, Martin A Croce, Ann Peick, Sonlee West, Lawrence Lottenberg, Jay Doucet, Preston R Miller, Bruce Crookes, Rajesh R Gandhi, Chasen A Croft, Anthony Manasia, Brian A Hoey, Howard Lieberman, Oscar D Guillamondegui, Victor Novack, Gregory Piazza, Samuel Z Goldhaber
PURPOSE: To evaluate efficacy and safety of a novel device that combines an inferior vena cava (IVC) filter and central venous catheter (CVC) for prevention of pulmonary embolism (PE) in critically ill patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a multicenter, prospective, single-arm clinical trial, the device was inserted at the bedside without fluoroscopy and subsequently retrieved before transfer from the intensive care unit (ICU). The primary efficacy endpoint was freedom from clinically significant PE or fatal PE 72 hours after device removal or discharge, whichever occurred first...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631704/-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-intracardiac-thrombosis-a-description-of-two-cases-and-a-review-of-literature
#17
Z S Alekberova, P S Ovcharov, T A Lisitsyna, A V Volkov, T V Popkova
Behçet's disease (BD) is systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology, which is more common in the countries located along the Great Silk Road. The disease is diagnosed if a patient has 4 key diagnostic signs: aphthous stomatitis, genital sores, and eye and skin lesions. Vascular diseases referred to as minor criteria for BD are characterized by the formation of aneurysms and thrombosis, predominantly in the venous bed. In venous disorders, a blood clot can form in any vessel, including caval, cerebral, pulmonary, and other veins...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630832/total-knee-arthroplasty-in-a-diagnosed-case-of-deep-vein-thrombosis-our-experience-and-review-of-literature
#18
Saurabh Agarwal, Ashish Rana, Gaurav Gupta, Deepak Raghav, Rajeev K Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and its associated complication, pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) remains a challenge for orthopedic surgeons. There are wide ranges of predisposing factors which are both patient specific as well as procedure associated, responsible for DVT. PTE is a well-known fatal complication of DVT which may be life-threatening. Medical management and early mobilization are necessary for the management of DVT. Fatal PTE can be prevented by implantation of inferior vena cava (IVC) filter in at risk patients...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623994/placement-of-tunneled-cuffed-vascular-catheter-through-superior-vena-cava-puncture
#19
Songhui Zhai, Qiuyan Zhao, Yanhuan Feng, Yang Yu, Li Zhou, Tianlei Cui, Ping Fu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and safety of placement of tunneled cuffed catheters through direct percutaneous puncture of the superior vena cava (SVC) in patients with occluded right and left innominate veins. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of all patients with right and left innominate vein occlusions who underwent tunneled catheter placement with direct SVC puncture between January 2012 and December 2014. Under fluoroscopic guidance with the patient in a supine position, a 5F catheter was placed at the distal end of the SVC through the femoral vein, iliac vein, or hepatic vein...
July 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611024/platelet-amyloid-precursor-protein-is-a-modulator-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-mice
#20
Ilaria Canobbio, Caterina Visconte, Stefania Momi, Gianni Francesco Guidetti, Marta Zarà, Jessica Canino, Emanuela Falcinelli, Paolo Gresele, Mauro Torti
The amyloid precursor protein (APP), primarily known as the precursor of amyloid peptides that accumulate in the brain of Alzheimer's disease patients, is abundant in platelets but its physiological function remains unknown. In this study, we investigated the role of APP in hemostasis and thrombosis using APP knockout (KO) mice. Ex vivo aggregation, secretion, and integrin αIIbβ3 inside-out activation induced by several agonists were normal in APP-deficient platelets, but the number of circulating platelets was reduced by about 20%, and their size was slightly increased...
June 13, 2017: Blood
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