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Rib fixation

Sei Yano, Yasuchika Aoki, Atsuya Watanabe, Takayuki Nakajima, Makoto Takazawa, Hiroyuki Hirasawa, Kazuhisa Takahashi, Koichi Nakagawa, Arata Nakajima, Hiroshi Takahashi, Sumihisa Orita, Yawara Eguchi, Takane Suzuki, Seiji Ohtori
Pelvic ring fractures are defined as life-threatening injuries that can be treated surgically with external or internal fixation. The authors report on an 81-year-old woman with an unstable pelvic fracture accompanying multiple traumas that was successfully treated with a less invasive procedure. The patient was injured in a traffic accident and sustained a total of 20 fractures, including pelvic ring, bilateral rib, and lumbar transverse processes fractures, and multiple fractures of both upper and lower extremities...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Gregory M Malham, Rhiannon M Parker
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic thoracic herniated discs have historically been treated using open exposures (i.e., thoracotomy), posing a clinical challenge given the approach related morbidity. Lateral interbody fusion (LIF) is one modern minimally disruptive alternative to thoracotomy. The direct lateral technique for lumbar pathologies has seen a sharp increase in procedural numbers; however application of this technique in thoracic pathologies has not been widely reported. METHODS: This study presents the results of three cases where LIF was used to treat symptomatic thoracic disc herniations...
December 2015: J Spine Surg
Christian Liebsch, Nicolas Graf, Hans-Joachim Wilke
PURPOSE: The influence of the anterior rib cage on the stability of the human thoracic spine is not completely known. One of the most common surgical interventions on the anterior rib cage is the longitudinal median sternotomy and its fixation by wire cerclage. Therefore, the purpose of this in vitro study was to examine, if wire cerclage can restore the stability of the human thoracic spine after longitudinal median sternotomy. METHODS: Six fresh frozen human thoracic spine specimens (C7-L1, 56 years in average, range 50-65), including the intact rib cage without intercostal muscles, were tested in a spinal loading simulator and monitored with an optical motion tracking system...
September 17, 2016: European Spine Journal
Arman T Serebrakian, Michael S Golinko, Michael Alperovich, Christopher M Runyan, David A Staffenberg
Craniofacial microsomia remains the second most common craniofacial deformity after cleft lip and palate. Mandibular pathology has been classically scored from type I to type III by the modified Pruzansky-Kaban classification. The authors report a case of a 5-year-old patient with Goldenhar syndrome and bilateral type III craniofacial macrosomia. The patient had absence of bilateral glenoid fossas, condyles, coronoids, and rami as well as hypoplasia of the symphysis, parasymphysis, and mandibular body. Reconstruction was performed using 2 costochondral rib autografts to reconstruct a ramus and assist in the development of a neo-glenoid fossa at the cranial base...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
T Kyriss, U Lenz, G Friedel
This overview reviews the current literature to compare the functional results after surgical and conservative treatment of patients with flail chest and multiple rib fractures. Regarding functional aspects, patients in the early phase after a thoracic trauma are those that benefit most from the stabilisation of the chest wall by internal fixation of the ribs. Patients recover faster from restrictive respiratory disorders, have less pain and return to the workplace earlier after an operation compared with those that receive conservative treatment...
September 2016: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
Katrina L Weaver, Joanne E Baerg, Manabu Okawada, Go Miyano, Katherine A Barsness, Martin Lacher, Dani O Gonzalez, Peter C Minneci, Lena Perger, Shawn D St Peter
INTRODUCTION: Thoracoscopic repair of a congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) in the neonate is controversial due to reports of increased hernia recurrence. A multicenter review on thoracoscopic CDH repair was conducted to evaluate outcomes and to identify factors that are associated with recurrence. METHODS: A multicenter retrospective review was conducted from 2009 to 2015 in neonates who were treated for CDH with thoracoscopic repair. Demographics, preoperative, intraoperative, including repair techniques, and postoperative variables were analyzed by using descriptive statistics...
October 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Jaap Schuurmans, J C Goslings, T Schepers
PURPOSE: Flail chest is a life-threatening complication of severe chest trauma with a mortality rate of up to 15 %. The standard non-operative management has high comorbidities with pneumonia and often leads to extended Intensive Care Unit (ICU) stay, due to insufficient respiratory function and complications. The aim of this literature study was to investigate how operative management improves patient care for adults with flail chest. METHODS: Randomized-controlled trials comparing operative management versus non-operative management of flail chest were included in this systematic review and meta-analysis...
August 29, 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Jun Xuan, Di Zhang, Hai-Ming Jin, Jiao-Xiang Chen, Dao-Liang Xu, Hong-Ming Xu, Yao-Sen Wu, Xiang-Yang Wang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of cortical bone trajectory (CBT) screws fixation via pedicle or pedicle rib unit in the cadaveric thoracic spine (T9-T12). METHODS: Computed tomography (CT) images of 100 patients are analyzed by multiplanar reconstruction. Ten cadaveric thoracic spines are used to insert 4.5 × 35.0 mm CBT screws at all levels from T9 to T12. RESULTS: Maximal screw length obtained by CT has a tendency to gradually increase from T9 (29...
August 23, 2016: European Spine Journal
Silvana Marasco, Margaret Quayle, Robyn Summerhayes, Ilija D Šutalo, Petar Liovic
BACKGROUND: Surgical management of fractured ribs with internal fixation is an increasingly accepted therapy. Concurrently, specific rib fixation prostheses are being developed which should improve results and minimise hardware and rib/splint construct failures. The Synthes titanium intramedullary splint lends itself to difficult to access areas such as posterior rib fractures and fractures under the scapula. We analyse a case series of patients in whom this rib fixation prosthesis has been used...
2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Jaclyn Farquhar, Yahya Almahrabi, Gerard Slobogean, Bronwyn Slobogean, Naisan Garraway, Richard K Simons, S Morad Hameed
BACKGROUND: Chest wall trauma is a common cause of morbidity and mortality. Recent technological advances and scientific publications have created a renewed interest in surgical fixation of flail chest. However, definitive data supporting surgical fixation are lacking, and its virtues have not been evaluated against modern, comprehensive management protocols. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing rib fracture fixation with rib-specific locking plates at 2 regional trauma centres between July 2010 and August 2012 were matched to historical controls with similar injury patterns and severity who were managed nonoperatively with modern, multidisciplinary protocols...
September 2016: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
Rizwan Q Attia, Katharina L Schulte, Donald C Whitaker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Hyun Jeong Yu, Yu Sub Jeong, Dong Hoon Lee, Kyoung Hoon Yim
The 12(th) rib syndrome is a disease that causes pain between the upper abdomen and the lower chest. It is assumed that the impinging on the nerves between the ribs causes pain in the lower chest, upper abdomen, and flank. A 74-year-old female patient visited a pain clinic complaining of pain in her back, and left chest wall at a 7 on the 0-10 Numeric Rating scale (NRS). She had a lateral fixation at T12-L2, 6 years earlier. After the operation, she had multiple osteoporotic compression fractures. When the spine was bent, the patient complained about a sharp pain in the left mid-axillary line and radiating pain toward the abdomen...
July 2016: Korean Journal of Pain
Douglas S Weinberg, Joshua K Napora, William H West, Dominic C Grimberg, Heather A Vallier
Clavicle fractures are common in adults. Recent studies have shown that operative treatment of clavicle fractures has benefits in many situations. However, there is controversy about the indications. Data on social outcomes are limited. A total of 434 patients with 436 clavicle fractures treated both operatively and nonoperatively at a level 1 trauma center were identified. Narcotic use was recorded 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, and 16 weeks after injury for both treatment groups. Other descriptive data included age, sex, laterality, hand dominance, rib fractures, smoking, alcohol use, employment, long bone or spine fracture, open clavicle fracture, and mechanism of injury...
September 1, 2016: Orthopedics
Benjamin C Taylor, T Ty Fowler, Bruce G French, Neysa Dominguez
INTRODUCTION: Recent reported success in surgical stabilization of flail chest has been described in small series, but scant evidence exists for this procedure in the orthopaedic literature. METHODS: We reviewed 88 consecutive patients who underwent surgical stabilization of flail chest, along with 88 consecutive patients with flail chest who underwent traditional closed management before initiation of our algorithm change to surgical management. RESULTS: Surgical stabilization of flail chest injuries led to statistically significant decreases in hospital length of stay, ventilator-dependency time, pneumonia, tracheostomy, and mortality rate...
August 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Eva-Corina Caragounis, Monika Fagevik Olsén, David Pazooki, Hans Granhed
BACKGROUND: Multiple rib fractures and unstable thoracic cage injuries are common in blunt trauma. Surgical management of rib fractures has received increasing attention in recent years and the aim of this 1-year, prospective study was to assess the long-term effects of surgery. METHODS: Fifty-four trauma patients with median Injury Severity Score 20 (9-66) and median New Injury Severity Score 34 (16-66) who presented with multiple rib fractures and flail chest, and underwent surgical stabilization with plate fixation were recruited...
2016: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
Gedam Pn, Dhamangaonkar Ac, Parekh An
INTRODUCTION: 'Vanishing Bone Disease' or Gorham's disease is a very rare form of primary idiopathic osteolysis with only around 200 cases being reported till date. We present in this case report a ten year follow-up of a patient who had progressive osteolysis of the right shoulder girdle and eventually involved the spine inspite of supplementary calcium and bisphosphonate therapy. We also report the utility of using an intra-medullary device is to attain acceptable union in case of pathological long bone fracture in Gorham's disease...
October 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Sung Kwang Lee, Do Kyun Kang
Flail chest is a life-threatening situation that paradoxical movement of the thoracic cage was caused by multiply fractured ribs in two different planes, or a sternal fracture, or a combination of the two. The methods to achieve stability of the chest wall are controversy between surgical fixation and mechanical ventilation. We report a case of a 33-year-old man who fell from a high place with fail chest due to multiple rib fractures bilaterally and horizontal sternal fracture. The conventional surgical stabilization using metal plates by access to the front of the sternum could not provide stability of the flail segment because the fracture surface was obliquely upward and there were multiple bilateral rib fractures adjacent the sternum...
June 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
K Uchida, T Nishimura, H Takesada, T Morioka, N Hagawa, T Yamamoto, S Kaga, T Terada, N Shinyama, H Yamamoto, Y Mizobata
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of recent surgical rib fixation and establish its indications not only for flail chest but also for multiple rib fractures. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2015, 187 patients were diagnosed as having multiple rib fractures in our institution. After the propensity score matching was performed, ten patients who had performed surgical rib fixation and ten patients who had treated with non-operative management were included...
June 6, 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Shiro Imagama, Zenya Ito, Norimitsu Wakao, Kei Ando, Kenichi Hirano, Ryoji Tauchi, Akio Muramoto, Hiroki Matsui, Tomohiro Matsumoto, Naoki Ishiguro, Yoshihito Sakai, Yoshito Katayama, Yukihiro Matsuyama
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical case series. OBJECTIVES: To describe our surgical procedure and results for posterior correction and fusion with a hybrid approach using pedicle screws, hooks, and ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene tape with direct vertebral rotation (DVR) (the PSTH-DVR procedure) for treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with satisfactory correction in the coronal and sagittal planes. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Introduction of segmental pedicle screws in posterior surgery for AIS has facilitated good correction and fusion...
June 3, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
A S Benyan, E A Korymasov, S Yu Pushkin
INTRODUCTION: Rapid methods of costal fractures fixation using special costal plates are becoming more common. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of ribs osteosynthesis in patients with isolated and combined chest trauma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It is presented an experience of surgical treatment of patients with costal fractures in case of isolated (30) and combined (29) chest injury. System for ribs osteosynthesis was used predominantly in surgical tactics...
2016: Khirurgiia
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