keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

pres syndrome

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748058/unusual-aspect-of-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-in-an-elderly-adult
#1
Benjamin Hebant, Omar Bennani
BACKGROUND: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) classically occurs in patients presenting with a sudden increase of arterial pressure or eclampsia, but the range of etiologies is very wide. Although the mechanisms underlying PRES remain unclear, research suggests that when the extent of hypertension exceeds the threshold of cerebral blood flow autoregulation, this induces blood-brain barrier disruption that leads to brain edema. Unusual presentations on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are possible, including the involvement of frontal or temporal lobes, cerebellar hemispheres, basal ganglia, brainstem, or deep white matter...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738026/posterior-reversible-leukoencephalopathy-syndrome-pres-after-kidney-transplantation-a-case-report
#2
Carla Beatriz Davi, Bruna Pinheiro de Moraes, Bruno Fontes Lichtenfels, João Batista Saldanha de Castro Filho, Marcelle Maria Portal, Rosangela Munhoz Montenegro, Roberto Ceratti Manfro
INTRODUCTION: Posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy syndrome (PRES) was first described by Hinchey in 1996. The syndrome is characterized by altered level of consciousness, headache, visual changes, and seizures associated with a vasogenic edema of the white matter that occurs predominantly in the occipital and parietal lobes. Imaging tests such as computed tomography (CT) and especially magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) support the diagnosis. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 48-year-old female patient who underwent a deceased donor kidney transplant and received tacrolimus as a part of the immunosuppressive regimen...
April 19, 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713360/intestinal-duplication-revealed-by-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome
#3
Yosra Kerkeni, Hela Louati, Mourad Hamzaoui
We report a unique case of intestinal duplication detected on posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) in a 13-year-old girl. She was admitted to the pediatric Emergency Department because of generalized seizures. Radiological assessment revealed a large, well-defined, thick-walled cystic lesion in the mid abdomen, suggestive of duplication cyst associated to a PRES. Exploration confirmed the diagnosis of ileal duplication cyst, and the mass was resected. The postoperative course was uneventful. Both hypertension and neurological dysfunction resolved after the mass resection...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697577/pres-in-pediatric-hsct-a-single-center-experience
#4
Rajan Kapoor, Ashish Simalti, Rajiv Kumar, Uday Yanamandra, Satyaranjan Das, Jasjit Singh, Velu Nair
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) has diverse etiologies and is closely linked to hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). Headache and seizures are the most common clinical presentations. Although near total recovery is seen in the majority of patients with appropriate management, the implications of its occurrence in the setting of an HSCT is much more than the residual neurological deficits. Graft rejection and occurrence of graft versus host disease has been reported. We analyzed retrospectively our data of 35 pediatric HSCT recipients over the last 2 years at our center...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643636/atypical-presentation-of-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-two-cases
#5
Nishant Kumar, Ranju Singh, Neha Sharma, Aruna Jain
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinico-neuroradiological entity, first described in 1996. It is commonly associated with systemic hypertension, intake of immunosuppressant drugs, sepsis and eclampsia and preeclampsia. Headache, alteration in consciousness, visual disturbances and seizures are common manifestations of PRES. Signs of pyramidal tract involvement and motor dysfunction are uncommon clinical findings. However, clinical presentation is not diagnostic. On neuroimaging, lesions are characteristically found in parieto occipital region of the brain due to vasogenic edema...
January 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629684/hypertension-as-the-trigger-for-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-in-paediatric-renal-patients-an-important-diagnosis-that-should-not-be-missed
#6
J K Strong, K L Petersen, U Kala
BACKGROUND: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a reversible neurological condition presenting with seizures and visual disturbances and diagnosed on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Little is understood about its pathogenesis, particularly in children, but it is thought to be related to hypertension. OBJECTIVES: To review the presentation, diagnosis and outcome of PRES in paediatric renal patients at Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital, Johannesburg, South Africa, between 1 January 2000 and 31 January 2017 and compare these with published case reports to date...
March 28, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592778/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-in-hiv-positive-patients-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Erica Rm Pool, Michael Porte, Nigel Durham, Sue Urwin, Paul Laboi, Fabiola Martin
We are reporting the case of a woman who was admitted acutely to our intensive care unit without any collateral history. She was diagnosed with posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) as a consequence of poor adherence to anti-hypertensive, anti-diabetic and anti-retroviral medications. PRES is a rare condition, which may cause cortical blindness; contrary to its name it is not always reversible. Rapid diagnosis and aggressive management of underlying causes facilitate reversibility of PRES. We also summarise the literature on patients with HIV and PRES...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531864/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-pres-attributed-to-mycophenolate-mofetil-during-the-management-of-sle-a-case-report-and-review
#8
Lei Zhang, Jian Xu
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a rare clinical entity associated with systemic lupus erythematosus which characterized by seizure, headache, and altered mental status. The pathophysiology involves subcortical vasogenic edema secondary to hypertension and endothelial damage. PRES is reversible with withdrawal of the offending agent, strict blood pressure control, and treating the underlying disease. We report present here a patient with lupus nephritis who developed PRES following mycophenolate administration...
2018: American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526944/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-after-a-variety-of-combined-chemotherapies-containing-bevacizumab-for-metastatic-colon-cancer
#9
Eiichi Katada, Akira Mitsui, Shigeru Sasaki, Norihiko Uematsu, Chise Anan
A 44-year-old woman with advanced metastatic colon cancer received chemotherapies comprising XELOX, FOLFIRI/panitumumab and mFOLFOX6/bevacizumab. Fifteen months later, she presented with the acute onset of a headache, drowsiness and seizure with a fever and hypertension. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) indicated bilateral regions of signal hyperintensity in the white matter with spasms of bilateral cerebral arteries apparent on magnetic resonance angiography. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) was diagnosed, and treatments resulted in improvement of the MRI findings, but the patient experienced cerebral infarction and ultimately died of deterioration of cancer on day 26 after the onset of PRES...
March 9, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519183/intracranial-hemorrhage-in-the-setting-of-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-two-case-reports-and-a-review
#10
Manveer Garcha, Keithan Sivakumar, Mohammed El-Hunjul, Shweta Varade, Hussam A Yacoub
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is clinically characterized by seizures, changes in vision, altered mental status, and headache, with associated radiologic changes on brain imaging. Intraparenchymal hemorrhage is a rare complication of PRES and an atypical initial presentation of this condition. In this report, we discuss two patients who presented with multifocal cerebral hemorrhages that were later attributed to PRES. We further expand on the pathophysiology, management, and prognosis on patients with hemorrhagic PRES...
March 14, 2018: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515421/central-variant-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-with-albuminocytologic-dissociation
#11
Sang-Woo Lee, Seung-Jae Lee
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a disorder of reversible vasogenic brain edema which mainly involves the parieto-occipital lobes in various clinical settings. The main mechanism is known to be cerebral autoregulation failure and endothelial dysfunction leading to the disruption of the blood-brain barrier. We report the case of a 47-year-old woman with PRES which involved the brain stem and thalami, sparing the cerebral hemispheres. She was admitted to the emergency room because of acute-onset confusion...
January 2018: Case Reports in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504632/videourodynamic-characteristics-of-interstitial-cystitis-bladder-pain-syndrome-the-role-of-bladder-outlet-dysfunction-in-the-pathophysiology
#12
Yuh-Chen Kuo, Hann-Chorng Kuo
AIMS: To investigate the characteristics of videourodynamic study (VUDS) in females with interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) focusing on the etiologies of bladder outlet dysfunction (BOD) and their associations with clinical and urodynamic parameters. METHODS: IC/BPS females with complete data on symptom assessment, VUDS, the potassium sensitivity test, and cystoscopic hydrodistention were reviewed retrospectively. Diagnoses of bladder dysfunction (hypersensitive bladder, HSB) and BOD including dysfunctional voiding (DV), poor relaxation of the external urethral sphincter (PRES), and bladder neck dysfunction (BND) were made by VUDS...
March 5, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494439/magnesium-sulfate-treatment-correlates-with-improved-neurological-function-in-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-pres-report-of-a-case
#13
Aakriti Pandita, David F Lehmann
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a potentially reversible failure of cerebral autoregulation managed by correction of hypertension or underlying medical condition. Nonresponding cases progress to irreversible brain damage. There is some evidence of association of hypomagnesemia with PRES. We describe a case of nonresolving PRES where use of magnesium sulfate led to improvement in neurological function and eventual recovery. Our case highlights the need for a randomized controlled trial to test the efficacy of magnesium in PRES...
March 2018: Neurologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490381/-hypertensive-crisis-and-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-pres
#14
Olaf Eberhardt
The urgency and intensity of therapeutic response to a hypertensive crisis are governed by the presence or absence of acute end-organ damage, which define hypertensive emergency and hypertensive urgency, respectively. In case of hypertensive urgency a slow and moderate lowering of blood pressure by oral antihypertensive agents seems adequate, while the approach to hypertensive emergency has to be tailored to the specific type of organ failure. Optimal blood pressure management in the context of neurovascular emergencies is made difficult by contradictory data from observational and interventional studies...
February 28, 2018: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480370/new-developments-in-hypertensive-encephalopathy
#15
REVIEW
Joseph B Miller, Kushak Suchdev, Namita Jayaprakash, Daniel Hrabec, Aditya Sood, Snigdha Sharma, Phillip D Levy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes the latest science on hypertensive encephalopathy and posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES). We review the epidemiology and pathophysiology of these overlapping syndromes and discuss best practices for diagnosis and management. RECENT FINDINGS: Diagnosis of hypertensive encephalopathy largely relies on exclusion of other neurological emergencies. We review the extensive causes of PRES and its imaging characteristics...
February 26, 2018: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478133/sympathomimetic-toxidromes-and-other-pharmacological-causes-of-acute-hypertension
#16
REVIEW
Andrew King, Mirjana Dimovska, Luke Bisoski
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Acute drug-induced hypertension, sympathomimetic toxicity, and other hyperadrenergic states can be caused by both xenobiotic toxicity and withdrawal. This manuscript is a selective review of the recent literature regarding pharmacologic causes of hypertensive emergencies and other hyperadrenergic states. RECENT FINDINGS: We will discuss designer stimulants, alpha2 and baclofen agonist withdrawal, and the clinical entity known as posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES)...
February 24, 2018: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470266/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome
#17
Courtney Stanley Sundin, Michelle Laurane Johnson
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a newly defined syndrome; therefore, this transient clinical condition is not well known and probably underdiagnosed. It develops quickly with symptoms that are usually indistinguishable from eclampsia. Nurses need to be knowledgeable and aware of identifying symptoms and appropriate treatment. The condition is thought to share pathophysiology with eclampsia, and it is suggested that endothelial dysfunction combined with hypertension causes disruption in the blood brain barrier resulting in cerebral edema...
March 2018: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465063/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-in-the-emergency-service
#18
M Yigit, E Yigit, K A Turkdogan
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is an entity characterized by headache, altered mental status, seizures, visual disturbances, and focal neurological signs. The most common etiologies of PRES are hypertension and renal failure, and the most frequent pathophysiology is hyperperfusion. PRES is generally symmetrical, often in the occipital and parietal lobes, and is typically characterized by vasogenic edema in the subcortical white matter. This study involves a 38-year-old female patient who had hypertension, used immunosuppressive drugs and was also found to have nephropathy...
February 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449419/reversible-cerebellar-oedema-secondary-to-profound-hypomagnesaemia
#19
Amy Louise Ross Russell, Martin Prevett, Paul Cook, Charles Simon Barker, Ashwin Arnold Pinto
Magnesium is the second most abundant intracellular cation. Deficiency can cause several neurological complications, including cerebellar syndromes, with various MRI findings. These include cerebellar oedema, presumably through a similar mechanism to that in posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES). People particularly vulnerable to deficiency include those with high alcohol consumption, excessive loss due to gastrointestinal pathology and those taking certain medications, including proton pump inhibitors...
February 15, 2018: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409679/peritoneal-dialysis-a-factor-of-risk-or-protection-for-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-review-of-the-literature
#20
Mercedes Moreiras-Plaza, Francisco Fernández-Fleming, Naiara Azkárate-Ramírez, Walfred Nájera-de la Garza, Isabel Martín-Baez, Maria Hernansanz-Pérez
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is a clinical and radiological entity with acute or subacute neurological presentation associated with brain lesions that primarily affect the white matter of the posterior regions. It is often associated with the rapid onset of severe hypertension and/or with kidney failure (acute and chronic), but it has also been reported as a neurological complication in several medical conditions. In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of cases and related publications due to the advance of diagnostic imaging techniques...
March 2018: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
keyword
keyword
17362
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"