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Renal, kidney, peritonitis, PD, HD, hemodialysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981231/-home-dialysis-techniques-from-dream-to-reality
#1
S Treille, B Guillaume
The economic environment has pushed our political leaders to severely limit the health care spending. Belgian nephrologists have signed an agreement to attain more than 40 % of " alternative " dialysis techniques such as peritoneal dialysis (PD) and home hemodialysis (HHD). They will become unavoidable and major future therapy modalities. This article summarizes PD and HDD techniques in order to help health professionals and to inform them about innovative research in home dialysis techniques. It is a non exhaustive list of the many advantages, if not superiority, of the treatment of end stage renal disease (ESRD) at home instead of in-center HD...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877825/effectiveness-of-peritoneal-dialysis-in-treating-adult-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-with-polycystic-kidney-disease
#2
Ying Ma, Hai-Yun Wang, Zi-Juan Zhou, Yang Li, Wei Yang, Bing-Yan Liu, Jing-Hua Xia, Xue-Mei Li, Li-Meng Chen
Objective To observe the clinical characteristics,dialysis modalities,and outcomes of end stage renal disease(ESRD)patients with polycystic kidney disease(PKD)and to evaluate the feasibility of peritoneal dialysis in these population. Methods The clinical data of ESRD patient whose primary diagnosis was PKD in Peking Union Medical College Hospital were retrospectively collected from January 1993 to December 2015.PKD patients were divided into two groups according to dialysis modality,namely peritoneal dialysis group(PKD-PD)group and hemodialysis(PKD-HD)group...
August 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792165/acute-stylet-peritoneal-dialysis-in-acute-kidney-injury-the-soul-never-dies
#3
Amith Vijay Leon D'Souza, Nishad Raveendran, Rajendra Singh Tanwar, Piyush Kimmatkar, Pankaj Beniwal, Dhananjai Agarwal, Vinay Vinay
BACKGROUND: Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) has a significant mortality rate. In developing countries, mortality due to AKI is high due to lack of access to dialysis facilities and related cost. The main goal of International Society of Nephrology (ISN) 0 by 25 initiative is to eliminate deaths due to AKI. Peritoneal dialysis is an underutilized modality in such a scenario. The aim of this study was to look into effectiveness of starting Acute stylet Peritoneal Dialysis (PD) in a resource constraint settings...
July 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761770/extended-peritoneal-dialysis-and-renal-recovery-in-hiv-infected-patients-with-prolonged-aki-a-report-of-2-cases
#4
Donlawat Saengpanit, Pongpratch Puapatanakul, Piyaporn Towannang, Talerngsak Kanjanabuch
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) has recently been established as a treatment option for renal replacement therapy (RRT) in patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). Its efficacy in providing fluid and small solute removal has also been demonstrated in clinical trials and is equivalent to hemodialysis (HD). However, effect of RRT modality on renal recovery after AKI remains a controversy. Moreover, the setting of human immunodeficiency virus- (HIV-) infected patients with AKI requiring RRT makes the decision on RRT initiation and modality selection more complicated...
2017: Case Reports in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721515/prolonged-intermittent-renal-replacement-therapy-in-children
#5
REVIEW
Rajiv Sinha, Sidharth Kumar Sethi, Timothy Bunchman, Valentine Lobo, Rupesh Raina
Wide ranges of age and weight in pediatric patients makes renal replacement therapy (RRT) in acute kidney injury (AKI) challenging, particularly in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU), wherein children are often hemodynamically unstable. Standard hemodialysis (HD) is difficult in this group of children and continuous veno-venous hemofiltration/dialysis (CVVH/D) has been the accepted modality in the developed world. Unfortunately, due to cost constraints, CVVH/D is often not available and peritoneal dialysis (PD) remains the common mode of RRT in resource-poor facilities...
July 18, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714271/influence-of-residual-renal-function-in-carotid-modeling-as-a-marker-of-early-atherosclerosis-in-dialysis-patients
#6
Merita Rroji, Nereida Spahia, Saimir Seferi, Myftar Barbullushi, Goce Spasovski
Atherosclerosis is frequently present in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) treated with dialysis. We evaluated the association between residual renal function (RRF), phosphate level, inflammation and other risk factors in carotid modeling as a marker of early atherosclerosis in peritoneal dialysis (PD) compared with hemodialysis (HD) patients. We studied 39 stable PD and 53 HD patients on renal replacement therapy (RRT) for 3 to 36 months duration. B-mode ultrasonography was used to determine carotid artery intima media thickness (CIMT)...
October 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589314/the-health-related-quality-of-life-of-chinese-patients-on-hemodialysis-and-peritoneal-dialysis
#7
Julie Yun Chen, Eric Yuk Fai Wan, Edmond Pui Hang Choi, Anca Ka Chun Chan, Karina Hiu Yen Chan, Joyce Pui Yan Tsang, Cindy Lo Kuen Lam
AIMS: Our aim was to compare health-related quality of life (HRQOL) between end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients and the Hong Kong general population to identify how the mode of dialysis and other factors were associated with HRQOL. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study involving 253 hemodialysis (HD) patients and 103 peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients recruited in 2014-2015. Their HRQOL was evaluated using Kidney Disease and Quality of Life-36 (KDQOL-36) sub-scale scores and the Short Form-6 Dimensions (SF-6D) health preference score...
June 6, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557999/treatment-of-aki-in-developing-and-developed-countries-an-international-survey-of-pediatric-dialysis-modalities
#8
Rupesh Raina, Abigail M Chauvin, Timothy Bunchman, David Askenazi, Akash Deep, Michael J Ensley, Vinod Krishnappa, Sidharth Kumar Sethi
HYPOTHESIS: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, with a pediatric incidence ranging from 19.3% to 24.1%. Treatment of pediatric AKI is a source of debate in varying geographical regions. Currently CRRT is the treatment for pediatric AKI, but limitations due to cost and accessibility force use of adult equipment and other therapeutic options such as peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD). It was hypothesized that more cost-effective measures would likely be used in developing countries due to lesser resource availability...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372582/coping-with-kidney-disease-qualitative-findings-from-the-empowering-patients-on-choices-for-renal-replacement-therapy-epoch-rrt-study
#9
Lalita Subramanian, Martha Quinn, Junhui Zhao, Laurie Lachance, Jarcy Zee, Francesca Tentori
BACKGROUND: The highly burdensome effects of kidney failure and its management impose many life-altering changes on patients. Better understanding of successful coping strategies will inform patients and help health care providers support patients' needs as they navigate these changes together. METHODS: A qualitative, cross-sectional study involving semi-structured telephone interviews including open- and closed-ended questions, with 179 U.S. patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD), either not yet on dialysis ([CKD-ND], n = 65), or on dialysis (hemodialysis [HD], n = 76; or peritoneal dialysis [PD], n = 38) recruited through social media and in-person contacts from June to December 2013...
April 3, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223836/dyslipidemia-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-etiology-and-management
#10
REVIEW
Ivana Mikolasevic, Marta Žutelija, Vojko Mavrinac, Lidija Orlic
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), including those with end-stage renal disease, treated with dialysis, or renal transplant recipients have an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. Dyslipidemia, often present in this patient population, is an important risk factor for CVD development. Specific quantitative and qualitative changes are seen at different stages of renal impairment and are associated with the degree of glomerular filtration rate declining. Patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD have low high-density lipoproteins (HDL), normal or low total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, increased triglycerides as well as increased apolipoprotein B (apoB), lipoprotein(a) (Lp (a)), intermediate- and very-low-density lipoprotein (IDL, VLDL; "remnant particles"), and small dense LDL particles...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222798/fracture-risk-in-dialysis-and-kidney-transplanted-patients-a-protocol-for-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Aboubacar Sidibé, Lynne Moore, Sonia Jean, Fabrice Mac-Way
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with an increased risk of fracture and cardiovascular mortality. The risk of fracture in hemodialysis (HD), peritoneal dialysis (PD), and kidney transplantation (KT) is higher when compared to the general population. However, uncertainties remain about which group has the highest risk of fracture. We aim to identify the risk of fracture and cardiovascular mortality post-fracture in HD compared to PD or KT and in PD compared to KT population...
February 22, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062748/risk-of-empyema-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-a-nationwide-propensity-matched-cohort-study
#12
T-C Shen, C-H Chen, I-K Wang, C-L Lin, C-Y Tu, T-C Hsia, C-M Shih, W-H Hsu, F-C Sung
Background: Empyema is a rare but important complication among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). However, a nationwide, propensity-matched cohort study has never been performed. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan. The ESRD group consisted of 82 765 patients diagnosed between 2000 and 2008. The comparison group consisted of individuals without kidney disease selected at a 1:1 ratio matched by propensity score estimated with age, gender, year of diagnosis and comorbidities...
July 1, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007762/association-of-pre-transplant-dialysis-modality-and-post-transplant-outcomes-a-meta-analysis
#13
Emily Joachim, Ali I Gardezi, Micah R Chan, Jung-Im Shin, Brad C Astor, Sana Waheed
♦ BACKGROUND: It remains unclear whether post-transplant outcomes differ according to the pre-transplant dialysis modality (peritoneal dialysis [PD] versus hemodialysis [HD]). We performed a meta-analysis of studies that assessed either post-transplant mortality, graft survival, or delayed graft function (DGF) in both PD and HD patients. ♦ METHODS: Two independent authors searched English-language literature from January 1, 1980, through August 31, 2014, national conference proceedings, and reference lists...
May 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951550/peritoneal-dialysis-or-hemodialysis-present-and-future-trends-in-the-united-states
#14
Andre A Kaplan
In 2013, 88.4% of all incident end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients began renal replacement therapy with hemodialysis (HD) while 9.0% began with peritoneal dialysis (PD). The remaining 2.6% received a preemptive kidney transplant. In the US, outpatient HD units are widely distributed and economy of scale has resulted in HD being the most common ESRD modality. Use of PD and preemptive kidney transplant were relatively more common in younger groups and relatively less common among Black and Hispanic patients...
2017: Contributions to Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911463/vascular-access-types-in-patients-starting-hemodialysis-after-failed-kidney-transplant-does-close-nephrology-follow-up-matter
#15
Naveed Ul Haq, Mohamed Said Abdelsalam, Mohammed Mahdi Althaf, Abdulrahman Ali Khormi, Hassan Al Harbi, Bader Alshamsan, Mamdouh Nasser Albaqumi, Dieter Clemens Broering, Lutfi Alkorbi, Hassan Ali Aleid
BACKGROUND: Native arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs) are preferred while central venous catheters (CVCs) are least suitable vascular access (VA) in patients requiring hemodialysis (HD). Unfortunately, around 80% of patients start HD with CVCs. Late referral to nephrologist is thought to be a factor responsible for this. We retrospectively analyzed the types of VA at HD initiation in renal transplant recipients followed by nephrologists with failed transplant. If early referral to nephrologist improves AVF use, these patients should have higher prevalence of AVF at HD initiation...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902586/neurological-psychological-and-cognitive-disorders-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-on-conservative-and-replacement-therapy
#16
Silvia Lai, Oriano Mecarelli, Patrizia Pulitano, Roberto Romanello, Leonardo Davi, Alessia Zarabla, Amalia Mariotti, Maria Carta, Giorgia Tasso, Luca Poli, Anna Paola Mitterhofer, Massimo Testorio, Nicla Frassetti, Paola Aceto, Alessandro Galani, Carlo Lai
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a highly prevalent condition in the world. Neurological, psychological, and cognitive disorders, related to CKD, could contribute to the morbidity, mortality, and poor quality of life of these patients. The aim of this study was to assess the neurological, psychological, and cognitive imbalance in patients with CKD on conservative and replacement therapy.Seventy-four clinically stable patients affected by CKD on conservative therapy, replacement therapy (hemodialysis (HD), peritoneal dialysis (PD)), or with kidney transplantation (KT) and 25 healthy controls (HC), matched for age and sex were enrolled...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900718/survival-and-time-to-transplantation-of-peritoneal-dialysis-versus-hemodialysis-for-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-competing-risks-regression-model-in-a-single-italian-center-experience
#17
Marta Rigoni, Emanuele Torri, Giandomenico Nollo, Diana Zarantonello, Alessandro Laudon, Laura Sottini, Giovanni Maria Guarrera, Giuliano Brunori
AIMS: Despite several studies reporting similar outcomes for peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD), the former is underused worldwide, with a PD prevalence of 15% in Italy. In 2008, the Unit of Nephrology and Dialysis of the Healthcare Trust of the Autonomous Province of Trento implemented a successful PD program which has increased the proportion of PD incident patients from 7 to 47%. We aimed to assess the effect of this extensive use of PD by comparing HD and PD in terms of survival and time-to-transplantation...
June 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811451/expressions-of-macrophage-migration-inhibitory-factor-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#18
Y Liu, X Zhang, G Liu, J Huang, Y Pan, Z Hu
CONTEXT: Uremic cardiomyopathy is a risk factor of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and is responsible for high mortality rates and increased left ventricular mass index (LVMI). Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) promotes inflammation and is an important factor in uremic cardiomyopathy. AIMS: The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of serum macrophage MIF on myocardial hypertrophy in ESRD patients and to examine the relation of this factor to clinical characteristics...
November 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769175/warfarin-use-and-stroke-bleeding-and-mortality-risk-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-and-atrial-fibrillation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Jingwen Tan, Shuiqing Liu, Jodi B Segal, G Caleb Alexander, Mara McAdams-DeMarco
BACKGROUND: Patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD), including stage 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD), hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD), are at high risk for stroke-related morbidity, mortality and bleeding. The overall risk/benefit balance of warfarin treatment among patients with ESRD and AF remains unclear. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the associations of warfarin use and stroke outcome, bleeding outcome or mortality in patients with ESRD and AF...
October 21, 2016: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742322/outcomes-of-kidney-recipients-according-to-mode-of-pretransplantation-renal-replacement-therapy
#20
S H Song, J G Lee, J Lee, K H Huh, M S Kim, S I Kim, Y S Kim
The effects of pretransplantation dialysis modality on graft function are key issues in end-stage renal disease patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate post-transplantation outcomes according to pretransplantation renal replacement therapy modality in deceased-donor kidney transplantation. Among 444 deceased-donor kidney transplant recipients in Severance Hospital between April 1993 and Dec 2014, 275 who maintained a unique dialysis modality (hemodialysis [HD; n = 178] or peritoneal dialysis [PD; n = 97]) until transplantation were enrolled...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
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