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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735527/fibroblast-activating-protein-%C3%AE-expression-in-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-esophagus-in-primary-and-irradiated-tumors-the-use-of-archival-ffpe-material-for-molecular-techniques
#1
Renata Tabola, Magdalena Zaremba-Czogalla, Dagmara Baczynska, Roberto Cirocchi, Kamila Stach, Krzysztof Grabowski, Katarzyna Augoff
There are numerous reports suggesting that fibroblast activating protein-α (FAP-α) plays an important role in invasion of various tumor types. We studied the expression pattern of FAP-α in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients who had not been treated primarily and those who had received neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy. Our goal was to establish whether readily available tissue specimens fixed in formalin and stored in paraffin blocks for years might still be a source of FAP-α RNA for PCR analysis...
June 20, 2017: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735521/myd88-erk-nfkb%C3%A2-pathways-and-pro-inflammatory-cytokines-release-in-periodontal-ligament-stem-cells-stimulated-by-porphyromonas%C3%A2-gingivalis
#2
Francesca Diomede, Maria Zingariello, Marcos F X B Cavalcanti, Ilaria Merciaro, Jacopo Pizzicannella, Natalia De Isla, Sergio Caputi, Patrizia Ballerini, Oriana Trubiani
The present study was aimed at investigating whether human Periodontal Ligament Stem Cells (hPDLSCs) were capable of sensing and reacting to lipopolysaccharide from Porphyromonas gingivalis (LPS-G) which is widely recognized as a major pathogen in the development and progression of periodontitis. At this purpose hPDLCs were stimulated with 5 μg/mL LPS-G various times and the expression of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) was evaluated. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play an essential role in innate immune signaling in response to microbial infections, and in particular TLR4, type-I transmembrane proteins, has been shown recognizing LPS-G...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735452/characterization-of-polymeric-substance-classes-in-cereal-based-beverages-using-asymmetrical-flow-field-flow-fractionation-with-a-multi-detection-system
#3
Georg Krebs, Thomas Becker, Martina Gastl
Cereal-based beverages contain a complex mixture of various polymeric macromolecules including polysaccharides, peptides, and polyphenols. The molar mass of polymers and their degradation products affect different technological and especially sensory parameters of beverages. Asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation (AF4) coupled with multi-angle light scattering (MALS) and refractive index detection (dRI) or UV detection (UV) is a technique for structure and molar mass distribution analysis of macromolecules commonly used for pure compound solutions...
July 22, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735399/probing-posttranslational-redox-modifications
#4
Patrick Treffon, Michael Liebthal, Wilena Telman, Karl-Josef Dietz
Reactive molecular species (RMS) can damage DNA, lipids, and proteins but as signaling molecules they also affect the regulatory state of the cell. RMS consist of reactive oxygen (ROS), nitrogen (RNS), and carbonyl species (RCS). Besides their potentially destructive nature, RMS are able to modify proteins at the posttranslational level, resulting in regulation of structure, activity, interaction as well as localization. This chapter addresses methods to analyze and quantify posttranslational redox modifications in vitro and ex vivo, such as sulfenic acid generation of cysteine residues and oxidative carbonylation of proteins...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735398/phosphoproteomics-analysis-for-probing-plant-stress-tolerance
#5
Christof Rampitsch
Protein phosphorylation is a key signaling mechanism during the plant biotic and abiotic stress response. Signaling cascades communicate between the cell surface, where the stress is perceived, and the nucleus, where a response can be enacted. Many of these signals involve the specific, transient phosphorylation of proteins by kinases, a signal which is usually amplified through cascades. The advent of high-throughput phosphoproteomics, pioneered mainly in yeast and mammalian cells, has made it possible to discover novel phosphorylation events rapidly and efficiently in a data-dependent manner and this has greatly enlarged our understanding of the plant's response to stress...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735392/mining-and-quantifying-in-vivo-molecular-interactions-in-abiotic-stress-acclimation
#6
Thorsten Seidel, Derya Kirasi
Stress acclimation is initialized by sensing the stressor, transducing the signal, and inducing the response. In particular, the signal transduction is driven by protein-protein interactions and the response might involve de novo complex formation, shifts in subcellular localization and, thus, transportation that is mediated by other proteins. The investigation of protein-protein interactions and their regulation upon abiotic stress is crucial for a deeper understanding of the underlying mechanisms. FRET measurements by sensitized emission allow for the analysis of protein-protein interactions in real time and have a high potential to provide new insights into the regulation of protein-protein interaction with respect to subcellular localization and time...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735389/the-fundamental-role-of-reactive-oxygen-species-in-plant-stress-response
#7
Michael Liebthal, Karl-Josef Dietz
Chemical, physical, and biotic factors continuously vary in the natural environment. Such parameters are considered as stressors if the magnitude of their change exceeds the current acclimation norm of the plant. Activation of genetic programs allows for conditional expansion of the acclimation norm and depends on specific sensing mechanisms, intracellular communication, and regulation. The redox and reactive oxygen species (ROS) network plays a fundamental role in directing the acclimation response. These highly reactive compounds like H2O2 are generated and scavenged under normal conditions and participate in realizing a basal acclimation level...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735374/changes-in-global-transcriptional-profiling-of-women-following-obesity-surgery-bypass
#8
Marcela Augusta de Souza Pinhel, Natalia Yumi Noronha, Carolina Ferreira Nicoletti, Bruno Affonso Parente de Oliveira, Cristiana Cortes-Oliveira, Vitor Caressato Pinhanelli, Wilson Salgado Junior, Ana Julia Machry, Wilson Araújo da Silva Junior, Dorotéia Rossi Silva Souza, Júlio Sérgio Marchini, Carla Barbosa Nonino
BACKGROUND: Differential gene expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is poorly characterized. Markers of these processes may provide a deeper understanding of the mechanisms that underlie these events. The main goal of this study was to identify changes in PBMC gene expression in women with obesity before and 6 months after RYGB-induced weight loss. METHODS: The ribonucleic acid (RNA) of PBMCs from 13 obese women was analyzed before and 6 months after RYGB; the RNA of PBMCs from nine healthy women served as control...
July 22, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735299/identification-of-the-first-dominant-mutation-of-lama5-gene-causing-a-complex-multisystem-syndrome-due-to-dysfunction-of-the-extracellular-matrix
#9
Simone Sampaolo, Filomena Napolitano, Alfonsina Tirozzi, Mafalda Giovanna Reccia, Luca Lombardi, Olimpia Farina, Adriano Barra, Ferdinando Cirillo, Mariarosa Anna Beatrice Melone, Fernando Gianfrancesco, Giuseppe Di Iorio, Teresa Esposito
BACKGROUND: The laminin alpha 5 gene (LAMA5) plays a master role in the maintenance and function of the extracellular matrix (ECM) in mammalian tissues, which is critical in developmental patterning, stem cell niches, cancer and genetic diseases. Its mutations have never been reported in human disease so far. The aim of this study was to associate the first mutation in LAMA5 gene to a novel multisystem syndrome. METHODS: A detailed characterisation of a three-generation family, including clinical, biochemical, instrumental and morphological analysis, together with genetics and expression (WES and RNAseq) studies, was performed...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735227/microrna-27b-inhibits-cell-proliferation-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-by-targeting-fzd7-and-wnt-signaling-pathway
#10
Bingyao Liu, Wei Chen, Gang Cao, Zhen Dong, Jinke Xu, Tingyuan Luo, Senlin Zhang
This study intended to investigate the role of microRNA-27b (miR-27b) in proliferation of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells and to explore the potential molecular mechanism. Cell proliferation was detected by MTT assay. The expression levels of miR-27b, Frizzled7 (FZD7), cyclin D1 and c-myc were detected by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The protein expression level of FZD7 was detected by western blot analysis. The relationship between miR-27b and FZD7, and the activity of Wnt signaling pathway were determined using luciferase reporter assay...
July 15, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735219/electrodeposition-to-construct-free-standing-chitosan-layered-double-hydroxides-hydro-membrane-for-electrically-triggered-protein-release
#11
Pengkun Zhao, Yanan Zhao, Ling Xiao, Hongbing Deng, Yumin Du, Yun Chen, Xiaowen Shi
In this study, we report the electrodeposition of a chitosan/layered double hydroxides (LDHs) hydro-membrane for protein release triggered by an electrical signal. The electrodeposition was performed in a chitosan and insulin loaded LDHs suspension in the absence of salt. A free-standing chitosan/LDHs hydro-membrane was generated on the electrode with improved mechanical properties, which is dramatically different from the weak hydrogel deposited in the presence of salt. The amount of LDHs in the hydro-membrane affects the optical transmittance and multilayered structure of the hybrid membrane...
July 13, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735164/vesicle-trafficking-in-plant-immunity
#12
REVIEW
Hye Sup Yun, Chian Kwon
To defend against extracellular pathogens, plants primarily depend on cell-autonomous innate immunity due to the lack of the circulatory immune system including mobile immune cells. To extracellularly restrict or kill the pathogens, plant cells dump out antimicrobials. However, since antimicrobials are also toxic to plant cells themselves, they have to be safely delivered to the target sites in a separate vesicular compartment. In addition, because immune responses often requires energy otherwise used for the other metabolic processes, it is very important to properly control the duration and strength of immune responses depending on pathogen types...
July 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735096/lipid-droplet-functions-beyond-energy-storage
#13
REVIEW
Michael A Welte, Alex P Gould
Lipid droplets are cytoplasmic organelles that store neutral lipids and are critically important for energy metabolism. Their function in energy storage is firmly established and increasingly well characterized. However, emerging evidence indicates that lipid droplets also play important and diverse roles in the cellular handling of lipids and proteins that may not be directly related to energy homeostasis. Lipid handling roles of droplets include the storage of hydrophobic vitamin and signaling precursors, and the management of endoplasmic reticulum and oxidative stress...
July 19, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735070/suppression-of-the-atp-binding-cassette-transporter-abcc4-impairs-neuroblastoma-tumour-growth-and-sensitises-to-irinotecan-in%C3%A2-vivo
#14
Jayne Murray, Emanuele Valli, Denise M T Yu, Alan M Truong, Andrew J Gifford, Georgina L Eden, Laura D Gamble, Kimberley M Hanssen, Claudia L Flemming, Alvin Tan, Amanda Tivnan, Sophie Allan, Federica Saletta, Leanna Cheung, Michelle Ruhle, John D Schuetz, Michelle J Henderson, Jennifer A Byrne, Murray D Norris, Michelle Haber, Jamie I Fletcher
The ATP-binding cassette transporter ABCC4 (multidrug resistance protein 4, MRP4) mRNA level is a strong predictor of poor clinical outcome in neuroblastoma which may relate to its export of endogenous signalling molecules and chemotherapeutic agents. We sought to determine whether ABCC4 contributes to development, growth and drug response in neuroblastoma in vivo. In neuroblastoma patients, high ABCC4 protein levels were associated with reduced overall survival. Inducible knockdown of ABCC4 strongly inhibited the growth of human neuroblastoma cells in vitro and impaired the growth of neuroblastoma xenografts...
July 20, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735061/up-regulation-of-glur1-in-paraventricular-nucleus-and-greater-expressions-of-synapse-related-proteins-in-the-hypothalamus-of-chronic-unpredictable-stress-induced-depressive-rats
#15
Rong Li, Xia Zhao, Li Cai, Wan-Wan Gao
Converging evidence indicates that abnormal glutamatergic and synaptic systems may be associated with the pathophysiology of depression. Over-activation of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) neurons in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) plays a key role in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis hyperactivity and is a prominent feature in depression. In this study, we examined the effect of chronic unpredictable stress (CUS) in rats on the expression of AMPA subunit GluR1 protein in the hypothalamic PVN as well as on the expression of GluR1 and several synapse-related proteins in the hypothalamus...
July 19, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735033/nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-vimentin-is-involved-in-steroidogenesis-stimulated-by-mono-butyl-phthalate-in-primary-cultured-ovarian-granulosa-cells
#16
Chang Zhang, Pan Gong, Yan Ye, Lulu Zhang, Minjian Chen, Yanhui Hu, Aihua Gu, Shanshan Chen, Yubang Wang
Di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) and its active metabolite, monobutyl phthalate (MBP) are the most common endocrine disrupting chemicals. Many studies indicated the effects of MBP on male steroidogenesis, however, little attention have been paid on the effects of low levels of MBP on female steroidogenesis. This study was aimed to assess steroidogenesis stimulated by low-dose MBP on primary cultured ovarian granulosa cells (mGCs). Ovarian granulosa cells were isolated from ICR female mice. Hormone levels in medium were detected by ELISA, mRNA and protein expressions of vimentin, NF-κB p65 and phosphorylation of NF-κB p65 (p-p65) were assayed by qRT-PCR, western blot and immunohistochemistry, respectively...
July 19, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735024/n-linked-glycosylation-of-the-p24-family-protein-p24%C3%AE-5-modulates-retrograde-golgi-to-er-transport-of-k-hdel-ligands-in-arabidopsis
#17
Noelia Pastor-Cantizano, María Jesús García-Murria, Cesar Bernat-Silvestre, María Jesús Marcote, Ismael Mingarro, Fernando Aniento
The K/HDEL receptor ERD2 mediates the transport of soluble endoplasmic reticulum (ER) resident proteins containing a C-terminal K/HDEL signal from the Golgi apparatus back to the ER via COPI (COat Protein I)-coated vesicles. Sorting of ERD2 within COPI vesicles is facilitated by p24 proteins. In particular, Arabidopsis p24δ5 has been shown to interact directly with ERD2 (via its luminal GOLD -GOLgi Dynamics- domain) and with COPI proteins (via its cytoplasmic C-terminal tail) at the acidic pH of the Golgi apparatus...
July 19, 2017: Molecular Plant
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735023/arabidopsis-wrky45-interacts-with-the-della-protein-rgl1-to-positively-regulate-age-triggered-leaf-senescence
#18
Ligang Chen, Shengyuan Xiang, Yanli Chen, Daibo Li, Diqiu Yu
Leaf senescence can be triggered and promoted by various environmental stressors, developmental cues, and endogenous hormone signals. Several lines of evidence have suggested the involvement of WRKY transcription factors in the regulation of leaf senescence, but the related signaling pathways and physiological mechanisms remain unclear. In the current study, we initially identified Arabidopsis thaliana WRKY DNA binding protein 45 (WRKY45) as a positive regulator of age-triggered leaf senescence. Mutation of WRKY45 resulted in enhanced leaf longevity in age-triggered senescence, whereas overexpression of WRKY45 significantly accelerated age-triggered leaf senescence...
July 19, 2017: Molecular Plant
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734961/radix-puerariae-modulates-glutamatergic-synaptic-architecture-and-potentiates-functional-synaptic-plasticity-in-primary-hippocampal-neurons
#19
Mohammad Maqueshudul Haque Bhuiyan, Md Nazmul Haque, Md Mohibbullah, Yung Kyu Kim, Il Soo Moon
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Neurologic disorders are frequently characterized by synaptic pathology, including abnormal density and morphology of dendritic spines, synapse loss, and aberrant synaptic signaling and plasticity. Therefore, to promote and/or protect synapses by the use of natural molecules capable of modulating neurodevelopmental events, such as, spinogenesis and synaptic plasticity, could offer a preventive and curative strategy for nervous disorders associated with synaptic pathology...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734930/bidirectional-allosteric-interactions-between-cannabinoid-receptor-1-cb1-and-dopamine-receptor-2-long-d2l-heterotetramers
#20
Amina M Bagher, Robert B Laprairie, J Thomas Toguri, Melanie E M Kelly, Eileen M Denovan-Wright
Type 1 cannabinoid (CB1) and dopamine 2 long form (D2L) receptors can physically interact to form heteromers that display unique pharmacology in vitro compared to homomeric complexes. Co-expression of CB1 and D2L and co-application of CB1 and D2 agonists increases cAMP levels while administration of either agonist alone decreases cAMP levels. To understand the observed co-agonist response, our first goal of the current study was to define the stoichiometry of CB1/D2L/Gα protein complexes. Using bioluminescence resonance energy transfer 2 (BRET(2)), we confirmed that, CB1 homodimers, D2L homodimers, and CB1/D2L heteromers are formed...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
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