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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225703/do-acute-hospitalised-patients-in-australia-have-a-different-body-mass-index-to-the-general-australian-population-a-point-prevalence-study
#1
Diane M Dennis, Vicki Carter, Michelle Trevenen, Jacinta Tyler, Luisa Perrella, Erika Lori, Ian Cooper
Objective The aim of the present study was to provide a current snapshot of the body mass index (BMI) of the entire patient cohort of an Australian tertiary hospital on one day and compare these data with current published Australian and state (Western Australia) population norms.Methods A single-centre prospective point prevalence study was performed whereby BMI was calculated following actual measurement of patient weight (nurse) and height (physiotherapist) on one day during 2015. Variables were summarised descriptively, and one-way analysis of variance was used to investigate the relationship between continuous BMI and hospital speciality...
February 23, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224308/a-methodological-proposal-to-evaluate-the-cost-of-duration-moral-hazard-in-workplace-accident-insurance
#2
Ángel Martín-Román, Alfonso Moral
The cost of duration moral hazard in workplace accident insurance has been amply explored by North-American scholars. Given the current context of financial constraints in public accounts, and particularly in the Social Security system, we feel that the issue merits inquiry in the case of Spain. The present research posits a methodological proposal using the econometric technique of stochastic frontiers, which allows us to break down the duration of work-related leave into what we term "economic days" and "medical days"...
February 21, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223852/injured-workers-perception-of-loss-and-gain-in-the-return-to-work-process
#3
Hon Sun Lai, Grace Py Szeto, Chetwyn Ch Chan
When a worker is injured at work, he has to face a tough decision-making process about when and how to return to work (RTW). This study tests how the prospect theory can be applied to influence the injured workers' perceptions about this important choice. One hundred forty-one injured workers were presented with wage- and pain-related information in four different message framing (negatively or positively) and precision (smaller or larger number) conditions. After exposure to the specific combination of this wage and pain information, the participants were asked to express intentions to RTW in terms of perceived chance, confidence, and anticipated sick leave duration...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222707/comparison-of-the-swedish-start-back-screening-tool-and-the-short-form-of-the-%C3%A3-rebro-musculoskeletal-pain-screening-questionnaire-in-patients-with-acute-or-subacute-back-and-neck-pain
#4
Malin Forsbrand, Birgitta Grahn, Jonathan C Hill, Ingemar F Petersson, Charlotte Post Sennehed, Kjerstin Stigmar
BACKGROUND: Patients with back and neck pain are often seen in primary care and it is important to provide them with tailored interventions based on risk stratification/triage. The STarT Back Screening Tool (SBT) is a widely used screening questionnaire which has not yet been validated for a population with back and/or neck pain with short duration. Our aim was to compare the concurrent validity of the SBT and the short form of the ÖMPSQ including psychometric properties and clinical utility in a primary care setting...
February 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219818/ultrasonic-versus-electrosurgical-device-for-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Hong-Peng Jiang, Ya-Dong Liu, Yan-Sen Li, Zhan-Long Shen, Ying-Jiang Ye
BACKGROUND: Ultrasonic and electrosurgical energy dissectors are main dissecting devices widely used for the laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Trial sequential analyses can establish whether firm evidence favoring a specific device has been reached from accumulated literature. To explore this, we performed a meta-analysis and trial sequential analyses. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched from inception to October 2016. The primary outcome was operative time...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219097/-work-anxieties-and-their-treatment-in-medical-rehabilitation-hand-tools-for-capacity-training-and-psychotherapy
#6
B Muschalla
Work-anxieties are often going along with workplace problems and long-term sick leave. Psychopathologically, different qualities of work anxiety can be distinguished: worrying, phobic anxiety, health-related anxiety, anxiety of insufficiency. An evaluation of a work-anxiety treatment showed that confronting patients with the topic work during medical rehabilitation leads to a better course. In work-oriented capacity trainings or behavior therapy groups, coping with everyday phenomena at work may be trained (self-presentation, social rules, work organization and problem solving, coping with chronic illness and impairment conditions)...
February 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217312/received-and-needed-social-support-in-relation-to-sociodemographic-and-socio-economic-factors-in-a-population-of-people-on-sick-leave-due-to-heart-failure
#7
Lena Nordgren, Anne Söderlund
AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine differences between sociodemographic and socio-economic factors for perceptions of received and needed social support in a population of people on sick leave due to heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: A cross-sectional design was used. A postal questionnaire was distributed to all people in Sweden who had been sick listed due to heart failure during March to May 2012 (N = 1297). The questionnaire measured perceptions of received and needed social support from managers, colleagues at work, family and friends...
February 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205473/functional-outcomes-of-antegrade-homodigital-neurovascular-island-flaps-for-fingertip-amputation
#8
Lin-Wing Lok, Wing-Leung Chan, Yan-Kit Lau
BACKGROUND: Fingertip amputations can be debilitating and challenging to treat, due to the need for both function and cosmesis. We studied the functional outcomes of patients receiving an antegrade homodigital neurovascular island flap for fingertip amputations. METHODS: From 2004 to 2013, we performed 13 cases of antegrade homodigital neurovascular island flaps. Functional outcomes were studied. Four had Allen Zone II and nine had Zone III injuries. Seven were performed as secondary surgery...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186921/emotions-and-encounters-with-healthcare-professionals-as-predictors-for-the-self-estimated-ability-to-return-to-work-a-cross-sectional-study-of-people-with-heart-failure
#9
Lena Nordgren, Anne Söderlund
OBJECTIVES: To live with heart failure means that life is delimited. Still, people with heart failure can have a desire to stay active in working life as long as possible. Although a number of factors affect sick leave and rehabilitation processes, little is known about sick leave and vocational rehabilitation concerning people with heart failure. This study aimed to identify emotions and encounters with healthcare professionals as possible predictors for the self-estimated ability to return to work in people on sick leave due to heart failure...
November 9, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185300/whole-body-vibration-training-as-a-workplace-based-sports-activity-for-employees-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#10
Tobias S Kaeding, Annika Karch, Rebecca Schwarz, Tatjana Flor, Torge-Christian Wittke, Momme Kück, Georg Böselt, Uwe Tegtbur, Lothar Stein
INTRODUCTION: The goal of this randomized and controlled study is to examine whether whole-body vibration (WBV) training is able to reduce back pain and physical disability in seated working office employees with chronic low-back pain in a real-world setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 41 subjects (68.3% female/mean age 45.5 ± 9.1 years/mean BMI 26.6 ± 5.2) were randomly allocated to an intervention group (INT (n= 21)) or a control group (CON (n=20). The INT participated in WBV training 2...
February 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178725/presenteeism-in-the-new-zealand-senior-medical-workforce-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#11
Charlotte Chambers, Chris Frampton, Murray Barclay
AIM: To estimate rates of presenteeism in the New Zealand senior medical workforce and identify reasons why this workforce feels pressured to work through illness. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was returned by 1,806/3,740 publically employed senior doctors and dentists (48%). Relationships between rates of presenteeism, sick leave and demographic factors were explored alongside views on cultural and professional norms. RESULTS: Presenteeism was reported by 88% of respondents...
January 27, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173795/good-life-with-osteoarthritis-in-denmark-gla-d%C3%A2-evidence-based-education-and-supervised-neuromuscular-exercise-delivered-by-certified-physiotherapists-nationwide
#12
Søren T Skou, Ewa M Roos
BACKGROUND: The uptake of evidence-based guidelines in clinical practice is suboptimal in osteoarthritis (OA) and other chronic diseases. Good Life with osteoArthritis in Denmark (GLA:D) was launched in 2013 with the aim of implementing guidelines for the treatment of knee and hip OA in clinical care nationwide. The purpose of this report was to evaluate the effects of the GLA:D intervention from 2013 to 2015, using data from the national GLA:D registry. METHODS: Patients undergo education and supervised exercise delivered by trained physiotherapists...
February 7, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169438/association-between-parental-access-to-paid-sick-leave-and-children-s-access-to-and-use-of-healthcare-services
#13
Abay Asfaw, Maria Colopy
BACKGROUND: We examined the association between parental access to paid sick leave (PPSL) and children's use of preventive care and reduced likelihood of delayed medical care and emergency room (ER) visits. METHODS: We used the child sample of the National Health Interview Survey data (linked to the adult and family samples) from 2011 through 2015 and logistic and negative binomial regression models. RESULTS: Controlling for covariates, the odds of children with PPSL receiving flu vaccination were 12...
February 7, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167705/workforce-health-and-productivity
#14
(no author information available yet)
Work and health are inextricably linked. Most American adults spend nearly half of their waking hours at work. Poor physical and social working conditions are associated with chronic illnesses such as hypertension, and work-related accidents and illnesses claim billions of dollars in health care costs and lost productivity annually. Racial and ethnic minorities disproportionately work in low-paying jobs and face increased risks of work-related injury or disability. Policies and benefits such as paid sick leave and unemployment compensation are associated with improved health outcomes...
February 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166924/-lifestyle-recommendations-for-prevention-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth-in-asymptomatic-pregnant-women
#15
E Maisonneuve
OBJECTIVES: To establish recommendations for lifestyle of pregnant women and its impact on spontaneous preterm births. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We searched Pubmed and Cochrane databases and checked reference lists of retrieved studies. This review of the literature concerns only women who have no symptoms for the ongoing pregnancy. RESULTS: Concerning maternal occupation during pregnancy, there is a mild increase of the risk of preterm birth only for women who work more than 40hours a week or who have hard working conditions according to a fatigue score (LE2)...
December 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160338/h1-antihistamine-refractory-chronic-spontaneous-urticaria-it-s-worse-than-we-thought-first-results-of-the-multicenter-real-life-aware-study
#16
Marcus Maurer, Petra Staubach, Ulrike Raap, Grit Richter-Huhn, Andrea Bauer, Franziska Ruëff, Thilo Jakob, Amir S Yazdi, Vera Mahler, Nicola Wagner, Undine Lippert, Uwe Hillen, Andreas Schwinn, Mario Pawlak, Norbert Behnke, Kamel Chaouche, Nadine Chapman-Rothe
BACKGROUND: Most data on chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) originate from highly selected patient populations treated at specialized centers. Little is known about CSU patient characteristics and the burden of CSU in routine clinical practice. AWARE (A World-wide Antihistamine-Refractory chronic urticaria patient Evaluation) is an ongoing global study designed to assess chronic urticaria in the real-life setting. OBJECTIVE: To describe the baseline characteristics of the first 1,539 German AWARE patients with H1-antihistamine-refractory CSU...
February 4, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154961/the-impact-of-firms-adjustments-on-the-indirect-cost-of-illness
#17
Michał Jakubczyk, Beata Koń
Illness-related absenteeism reduces firms' output, an effect referred to as indirect cost (IC) and often included in cost-of-illness or cost-effectiveness (of health technologies) studies. The companies may foresee this effect and modify hiring or contracting policies. We present a model allowing the estimation of IC with such adjustments. We show that the risk of illness does not change the general shape and properties of the (expected) marginal productivity function. We apply our model to several illustrative examples and show that firm's adjustments impact IC in an ambiguous way, depending on detailed company/market characteristics: in some cases the company reduces the employment (further increasing IC), in another-the opposite happens...
February 2, 2017: Int J Health Econ Manag
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150978/self-esteem-across-the-second-half-of-life-the-role-of-socioeconomic-status-physical-health-social-relationships-and-personality-factors
#18
Tilmann von Soest, Jenny Wagner, Thomas Hansen, Denis Gerstorf
Self-esteem development across adulthood has been in the center of interest for some time now. However, not much is known about factors that shape self-esteem and its development in the second half of life and whether the factors differ with age and gender. To examine these questions, this study uses 2-wave data from the population-based NorLAG study in Norway (N = 5,555; Mage = 58 years; 51% women) and combines self-report data on self-esteem and personality with registry-based information on socioeconomic status (education, income, unemployment), health problems (sick leave, lifetime history of disability), and social relationships (cohabiting partner, lifetime history of divorce and widowhood)...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28136038/six-hour-day-trial-cuts-sickness-leave
#19
(no author information available yet)
Assistant nurses taking part in a trial of six-hour working days in a Swedish care home have reported higher rates of good health, calmness and alertness.
January 31, 2017: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132111/work-characteristics-and-return-to-work-in-long-term-sick-listed-employees-with-depressive-symptoms
#20
Jenny J J M Huijs, Lando L J Koppes, Toon W Taris, Roland W B Blonk
Purpose The present study investigated the relations between work characteristics, depressive symptoms and duration until full return to work (RTW) among long-term sick-listed employees. This knowledge may add to the development of effective interventions and prevention, especially since work characteristics can be subjected to interventions more easily than many disorder-related or personal factors. Methods this prospective cohort study with a two-year follow-up employs a sample of 883 Dutch employees who had been sick-listed for at least 13 weeks at baseline, who filled out three questionnaires: at 19 weeks, 1 and 2 years after the start of sick leave...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
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