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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778040/violence-against-child-protection-workers-a-study-of-workers-experiences-attributions-and-coping-strategies
#1
Josianne Lamothe, Amélie Couvrette, Gabrielle Lebrun, Gabrielle Yale, Camille Roy, Stéphane Guay, Steve Geoffrion
Child protection workers (CPWs) are frequently exposed to client violence, both psychological and physical, in their line of work whether they operate in the community or in residential settings. Despite this known vulnerability, research on the subject has lagged. The current study sought to analyze CPWs' experiences with client violence, their interpretation of it, its perceived consequences and their coping strategies. Specifically, 30 CPWs working both in the community and in residential settings, took part in an in-depth, semi-structured interview...
May 16, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777424/use-and-overuse-of-triptans-in-austria-a-survey-based-on-nationwide-healthcare-claims-data
#2
Karin Zebenholzer, Walter Gall, Christian Wöber
BACKGROUND: To evaluate triptan use and overuse as well as prescription patterns in Austria based on a nationwide healthcare database because data on triptan use and overuse in Austria is missing. METHODS: We included all persons insured with one of 19 Austrian social security institutions in 2007. Inclusion criteria comprised an age of 18-99 years, known sex, and receipt of insurance benefits. We defined triptan use as ≥1 package of a triptan dispensed in 2007 and triptan overuse as ≥30 defined daily doses dispensed in at least one quarter...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776920/determinants-of-return-at-work-of-breast-cancer-patients-results-from-the-optisoins01-french-prospective-study
#3
Alexandra Arfi, Sandrine Baffert, Anne-Laure Soilly, Cyrille Huchon, Fabien Reyal, Bernard Asselain, Souhir Neffati, Roman Rouzier, Delphine Héquet
INTRODUCTION: Return to work (RTW) after breast cancer (BC) is still a new field of research. The factors determining shorter sick leave duration of patients with BC have not been clearly identified. The aim of this study was to describe work during BC treatment and to identify factors associated with sick leave duration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational, prospective, multicentre study was conducted among women with operable BC. A logbook was given to all working patients to record sociodemographic and work-related data over a 1-year period...
May 18, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776348/the-influence-of-cross-sectoral-treatment-models-on-patients-with-mental-disorders-in-germany-study-protocol-of-a-nationwide-long-term-evaluation-study-eva64
#4
Anne Neumann, Enno Swart, Dennis Häckl, Roman Kliemt, Stefanie March, Denise Küster, Katrin Arnold, Thomas Petzold, Fabian Baum, Martin Seifert, Jessika Weiß, Andrea Pfennig, Jochen Schmitt
BACKGROUND: Close, continuous and efficient collaboration between different professions and sectors of care is necessary to provide patient-centered care for individuals with mental disorders. The lack of structured collaboration between in- and outpatient care constitutes a limitation of the German health care system. Since 2012, a new law in Germany (§64b Social code book (SGB) V) has enabled the establishment of cross-sectoral and patient-centered treatment models in psychiatry. Such model projects follow a capitation budget, i...
May 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762276/short-term-effect-of-low-dose-electromyography-guided-botulinum-toxin-a-injection-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-lateral-epicondylar-tendinopathy-a-randomized-double-blinded-study
#5
Alexandre Creuzé, Hervé Petit, Mathieu de Sèze
BACKGROUND: Botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) is a novel treatment for chronic lateral epicondylar tendinopathy. Preliminary studies have demonstrated promising results; however, confirmation of the effectiveness of BoNT-A treatment and further assessment of its side effects are required. This study investigated the analgesic effects of BoNT-A in the treatment of chronic lateral epicondylar tendinopathy. METHODS: This was a phase-III, single-center, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study including 60 patients with chronic lateral epicondylar tendinopathy that had been resistant to treatment for >6 months...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754518/cost-of-treating-peripheral-neuropathic-pain-with-pregabalin-or-gabapentin-at-therapeutic-doses-in-routine-practice
#6
Antoni Sicras-Mainar, Javier Rejas-Gutiérrez, Maria Perez-Paramo, Ruth Navarro-Artieda
AIM: To analyze the cost of peripheral neuropathic pain (PNP) treatment with pregabalin or gabapentin at therapeutic doses in routine clinical practice. METHODS: Analysis of a retrospective, observational study of electronic medical records of patients treated for PNP with therapeutic doses of pregabalin or gabapentin, with 2 years' follow-up, considering PNP type, comorbidities, concomitant analgesia and resource use. RESULTS: The weighted total average cost/patient was lower for pregabalin than gabapentin (€2464 [2197-2730] vs €3142 [2670-3614]; p = 0...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739275/educating-restaurant-workers-about-paid-sick-leave-a-pilot-study-from-new-york-city
#7
Emma K Tsui, Madeline Duffy, Sherry Baron
Across the United States, cities, states, and counties are rapidly adopting paid sick leave laws. Paid sick leave policies for restaurant workers may be particularly beneficial, since these workers are less likely to have these benefits and have the potential to spread infection through food-handling and engagement with the public. In order for paid sick leave laws to work, workers and employers must be educated about these laws broadly and effectively. Focusing on New York City, we conducted a pilot research using key stakeholder interviews to learn about New York City's successes and challenges in educating workers and businesses about the law...
January 1, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733041/the-experience-of-return-to-work-self-efficacy-among-people-on-sick-leave
#8
Kristin Lork, Kristina Holmgren
BACKGROUND: In the complex interaction between individual and environmental factors the return to work self- efficacy (RTWSE) plays a key role. RTWSE is the belief in the capacity to meet the demands required for RTW. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore how individuals on sick leave experience their RTWSE. METHOD: A modified phenomenology method was used. This perspective is useful in qualitative research to understand complex phenomena such as RTWSE...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728094/impact-of-new-technologies-on-stress-attrition-and-well-being-in-emergency-call-centers-the-nextgeneration-9-1-1-study-protocol
#9
Janet Baseman, Debra Revere, Ian Painter, Scott Stangenes, Michelle Lilly, Randal Beaton, Rebecca Calhoun, Hendrika Meischke
BACKGROUND: Our public health emergency response system relies on the "first of the first responders"-the emergency call center workforce that handles the emergency needs of a public in distress. Call centers across the United States have been preparing for the "Next Generation 9-1-1" initiative, which will allow citizens to place 9-1-1 calls using a variety of digital technologies. The impacts of this initiative on a workforce that is already highly stressed is unknown...
May 4, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719722/an-aggravated-return-to-work-case-of-organic-solvent-induced-chronic-toxic-encephalopathy
#10
Sangyun Seo, Jungwon Kim
Background: Organic solvent-induced chronic toxic encephalopathy (CTE) is known as a non-progressive disorder that does not progress after diagnosis. The authors present a case those symptoms worsened after continued exposure to organic solvent after returning to work. Because such a case has not been reported in South Korea to the best of our knowledge, we intend to report this case along with literature review. Case presentation: A 59-year-old man, who performed painting job at a large shipyard for 20 years, was receiving hospital treatment mainly for depression...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708092/more-than-a-cold-hospital-acquired-respiratory-viral-infections-sick-leave-policy-and-a-need-for-culture-change
#11
Eric J Chow, Leonard A Mermel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705759/education-job-position-income-or-multidimensional-indices-associations-between-different-socioeconomic-status-indicators-and-chronic-low-back-pain-in-a-german-sample-a-longitudinal-field-study
#12
Michael Fliesser, Jessie De Witt Huberts, Pia-Maria Wippert
OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between socioeconomic status (SES) indicators (education, job position, income, multidimensional index) and the genesis of chronic low back pain (CLBP). DESIGN: Longitudinal field study (baseline and 6-month follow-up). SETTING: Four medical clinics across Germany. PARTICIPANTS: 352 people were included according to the following criteria: (1) between 18 and 65 years of age, (2) intermittent pain and (3) an understanding of the study and the ability to answer a questionnaire without help...
April 28, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703199/unfolding-the-values-of-work-therapists%C3%A2-experience-of-addressing-the-return-to-work-process-in-occupational-rehabilitation-based-on-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy
#13
Nina E Klevanger, Marius S Fimland, Roar Johnsen, Marit B Rise
BACKGROUND: Facilitating return to work can be challenging due to the complexity of work disability. Few studies have examined rehabilitation programs based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy that intend to support return to work, and none have investigated therapists' experience with providing such programs. The aim of this study was therefore to explore therapists' experience of addressing the return to work process in an inpatient occupational rehabilitation program based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy...
April 27, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703092/hearing-loss-and-work-participation-a-cross-sectional-study-in-norway
#14
Elisabeth Vigrestad Svinndal, Jorunn Solheim, Marit By Rise, Chris Jensen
OBJECTIVE: To study work participation of persons with hearing loss, and associations with hearing disabilities, self-reported workability, fatigue and work accommodation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional internet-based survey. STUDY SAMPLE: A total of 10,679 persons with hearing loss within working-age were invited to answer the survey, where 3330 answered (35.6%). RESULTS: Degree of hearing loss was associated with low workability, fatigue and work place accommodation, while sick leave was associated with fatigue...
April 27, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699532/the-impact-of-completing-upper-secondary-education-a-multi-state-model-for-work-education-and-health-in-young-men
#15
Rune Hoff, Karina Corbett, Ingrid S Mehlum, Ferdinand A Mohn, Petter Kristensen, Therese N Hanvold, Jon M Gran
BACKGROUND: Completing upper secondary education is associated with higher work participation and less health-related absence from work. Although these outcomes are closely interrelated, most studies focus on single outcomes, using cross-sectional designs or short follow-up periods. As such, there is limited knowledge of the long-term outcomes, and how paths for completers and non-completers unfold over time. In this paper, we use multi-state models for time-to-event data to assess the long-term effects of completing upper secondary education on employment, tertiary education, sick leave, and disability pension over twelve and a half years for young men...
April 27, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696317/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-surgical-versus-non-surgical-management-of-acute-achilles-tendon-ruptures
#16
Olof Westin, Mikael Svensson, Katarina Nilsson Helander, Kristian Samuelsson, Karin Grävare Silbernagel, Nicklas Olsson, Jón Karlsson, Elisabeth Hansson Olofsson
PURPOSE: An Achilles tendon rupture is a common injury that typically affects people in the middle of their working lives. The injury has a negative impact in terms of both morbidity for the individual and the risk of substantial sick leave. The aim of this study was to investigate the cost-effectiveness of surgical compared with non-surgical management in patients with an acute Achilles tendon rupture. METHODS: One hundred patients (86 men, 14 women; mean age, 40 years) with an acute Achilles tendon rupture were randomised (1:1) to either surgical treatment or non-surgical treatment, both with an accelerated rehabilitation protocol (surgical n = 49, non-surgical n = 51)...
April 25, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693483/rehabilitation-for-improved-cognition-in-patients-with-stress-related-exhaustion-disorder-reco-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Hanna Malmberg Gavelin, Therese Eskilsson, Carl-Johan Boraxbekk, Maria Josefsson, Anna Stigsdotter Neely, Lisbeth Slunga Järvholm
Stress-related exhaustion has been associated with selective and enduring cognitive impairments. However, little is known about how to address cognitive deficits in stress rehabilitation and how this influences stress recovery over time. The aim of this open-label, parallel randomized controlled trial (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03073772) was to investigate the long-term effects of 12 weeks cognitive or aerobic training on cognitive function, psychological health, and work ability for patients diagnosed with exhaustion disorder (ED)...
April 25, 2018: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693478/psychoeducation-against-depression-anxiety-alexithymia-and-fibromyalgia-a-pilot-study-in-primary-care-for-patients-on-sick-leave
#18
Eva O Melin, Ralph Svensson, Hans O Thulesius
OBJECTIVES: Feasibility testing of a psychoeducational method -The Affect School and Script Analyses (ASSA) - in a Swedish primary care setting. Exploring associations between psychological, and medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS). DESIGN: Pilot study. SETTING: Three Swedish primary care centers serving 20,000 people. INTERVENTION: 8 weekly 2-hour sessions with a 5-7 participant group led by two instructors - followed by 10 individual hour-long sessions...
June 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683212/outcome-based-ventilation-obv-a-framework-for-assessing-performance-health-and-energy-impacts-to-inform-office-building-ventilation-decisions
#19
Adams Rackes, Tom Ben-David, Michael S Waring
This article presents an outcome-based ventilation (OBV) framework, which combines competing ventilation impacts into a monetized loss function ($/occ/h) used to inform ventilation rate decisions. The OBV framework, developed for U.S. offices, considers six outcomes of increasing ventilation: profitable outcomes realized from improvements in occupant work performance and sick-leave absenteeism; health outcomes from occupant exposure to outdoor fine particles and ozone; and energy outcomes from electricity and natural gas usage...
April 23, 2018: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663869/the-effect-of-self-assessed-fatigue-and-subjective-cognitive-impairment-on-work-capacity-the-case-of-multiple-sclerosis
#20
Gisela Kobelt, Dawn Langdon, Linus Jönsson
OBJECTIVES: The impact of physical disability in multiple sclerosis on employment is well documented but the effect of neurological symptoms has been less well studied. We investigated the independent effect of self-reported fatigue and cognitive difficulties on work. METHODS: In a large European cost of illness survey, self-reported fatigue, subjective cognitive impairment (SCI), and productivity at work were assessed with visual analogue scales (VAS 0-10). The analysis controlled for country, age, age at diagnosis, gender, education, and physical disability...
April 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
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