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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738803/-blue-flags-development-of-a-short-clinical-questionnaire-on-work-related-psychosocial-risk-factors-a-validation-study-in-primary-care
#1
Charlotte Post Sennehed, Gunvor Gard, Sara Holmberg, Kjerstin Stigmar, Malin Forsbrand, Birgitta Grahn
BACKGROUND: Working conditions substantially influence health, work ability and sick leave. Useful instruments to help clinicians pay attention to working conditions are lacking in primary care (PC). The aim of this study was to test the validity of a short "Blue flags" questionnaire, which focuses on work-related psychosocial risk factors and any potential need for contacts and/or actions at the workplace. METHODS: From the original"The General Nordic Questionnaire" (QPSNordic) the research group identified five content areas with a total of 51 items which were considered to be most relevant focusing on work-related psychosocial risk factors...
July 24, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737469/social-and-economic-burden-of-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-and-quality-of-life-a-patient-web-based-study-gesprit
#2
F Wagenlehner, B Wullt, S Ballarini, D Zingg, K G Naber
Background Uncomplicated lower urinary tract infections (UTIs) occur in approximately 50% of women, and 20-30% experience recurrent UTI. Data on UTIs and quality of life (QoL) in Europe are limited. Methods This was an anonymous, self-administered web-based survey conducted in 5 countries (Germany, Switzerland, Poland, Russia and Italy), on adult women who had experienced recurrent UTI and were affected by acute UTI currently or within 4 weeks of study entry. Questions covered disease course; management; social and economic burden; education, income, and health insurance status...
July 24, 2017: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735718/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-work-anxiety-in-medical-rehabilitation-patients-a-cross-sectional-observation-study
#3
Beate Muschalla, Michael Jöbges
OBJECTIVE: To investigate frequency, type and characteristics of work-anxieties in somatic rehabilitation inpatients. Work-anxieties are serious disorders which affect occupational functioning and often go along with long-term sick leave. Somatic patients may suffer from work-related participation problems due to their chronic health condition. Work-anxieties need specific diagnostic and treatment. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional observation study. SETTING: We investigated inpatients from a neurological, orthopedic and cardiologic rehabilitation clinic...
July 20, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733298/are-there-patient-related-factors-that-influence-sickness-certification-in-patients-with-severe-subjective-health-complaints-a-cross-sectional-exploratory-study-from-different-european-countries
#4
Suzanne L Merkus, Rob Hoedeman, Silje Mæland, Kristel H N Weerdesteijn, Frederieke G Schaafsma, Maud Jourdain, Jean-Paul Canevet, Cédric Rat, Johannes R Anema, Erik L Werner
OBJECTIVES: To develop hypotheses about whether there are patient-related factors that influence physicians' decision-making that can explain why some patients with severe subjective health complaints (SHCs) are more likely to be granted sick leave than others. DESIGN: Exploratory cross-sectional. SETTING: Assessments of patient-related factors after watching nine authentic video recordings of patients with severe SHC from a Norwegian general practice...
July 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725159/importance-of-social-capital-at-the-workplace-for-return-to-work-among-women-with-a-history-of-long-term-sick-leave-a-cohort-study
#5
Ingela Rydström, Lotta Dalheim Englund, Lotta Dellve, Linda Ahlstrom
BACKGROUND: The workplace is an essential source of social capital for many people; it provides mutual support and gives meaning to life. However, few prospective studies have thoroughly investigated the importance of aspects of social capital in the workplace. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between aspects of social capital (social support, sense of community, and quality of leadership) at the workplace, and work ability, working degree, and vitality among women with a history of long-term sick leave from human service organizations...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724317/who-among-patients-with-acquired-brain-injury-returned-to-work-after-occupational-rehabilitation-the-rapid-return-to-work-cohort-study
#6
Randi Wågø Aas, Lise Aasen Haveraaen, Evelien P M Brouwers, Lisebet Skeie Skarpaas
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injury (ABI) is known to be severely disabling. On average, 40% of employees return to work (RTW) within two years after injury. There is, however, limited research on what might contribute to successful RTW. AIM: To examine factors that might impact the time-to first RTW for patients with ABI, participating in a RTW-program. METHODS: The study was designed as a cohort study of patients on sick leave due to mild or moderate ABI (n = 137)...
July 20, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721147/the-importance-of-two-metabolic-syndrome-diagnostic-criteria-and-body-fat-distribution-in-predicting-clinical-severity-and-prognosis-of-acute-myocardial-infarction
#7
Marko Mornar Jelavic, Zdravko Babic, Hrvoje Pintaric
INTRODUCTION: The interrelation between metabolic syndrome (MetS) (the revised National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III) and International Diabetes Federation (IDF)) and obesity indices in predicting clinical severity and prognosis of acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is insufficiently known. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective study included 250 acute STEMI patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention...
June 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720129/predictors-of-return-to-work-among-patients-in-treatment-for-common-mental-disorders-a-pre-post-study
#8
Mattias Victor, Bjørn Lau, Torleif Ruud
BACKGROUND: Effects of return to work (RTW) interventions vary, and more knowledge is needed about the factors that contribute to RTW. This study investigated changes in work participation and mental health, and predictors of RTW among patients being treated for common mental disorders (CMDs). METHODS: The study was a prospective pre-post study of 164 patients treated at an RTW outpatient clinic for CMDs. Differences between before and after treatment were analysed using paired t tests for continuous variables and marginal homogeneity test for categorical variables...
July 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716117/stress-prevention-work-a-study-protocol-for-the-evaluation-of-a-multifaceted-integral-stress-prevention-strategy-to-prevent-employee-stress-in-a-healthcare-organization-a-cluster-controlled-trial
#9
Rianne J A Hoek, Bo M Havermans, Irene L D Houtman, Evelien P M Brouwers, Yvonne F Heerkens, Moniek C Zijlstra-Vlasveld, Johannes R Anema, Allard J van der Beek, Cécile R L Boot
BACKGROUND: Adequate implementation of work-related stress management interventions can reduce or prevent work-related stress and sick leave in organizations. We developed a multifaceted integral stress-prevention strategy for organizations from several sectors that includes a digital platform and collaborative learning network. The digital platform contains a stepwise protocol to implement work-related stress-management interventions. It includes stress screeners, interventions and intervention providers to facilitate access to and the selection of matching work-related stress-management interventions...
July 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713858/life-stage-specific-cargo-receptors-facilitate-glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored-surface-coat-protein-transport-in-trypanosoma-brucei
#10
Emilia K Kruzel, George P Zimmett, James D Bangs
The critical virulence factor of bloodstream-form Trypanosoma brucei is the glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored variant surface glycoprotein (VSG). Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) exit of VSG is GPI dependent and relies on a discrete subset of COPII machinery (TbSec23.2/TbSec24.1). In other systems, p24 transmembrane adaptor proteins selectively recruit GPI-anchored cargo into nascent COPII vesicles. Trypanosomes have eight putative p24s (TbERP1 to TbERP8) that are constitutively expressed at the mRNA level...
July 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713854/forced-migration-in-childhood-are-there-long-term-health-effects
#11
Jan M Saarela, Irma T Elo
Studies on the health of migrants have increased considerably in number in recent years, but little is still known about the long-term health effects associated with forced migration, and particularly for people who were forced to migrate as children. Data shortcomings together with the methodological challenges of studying migrant populations limit the ability to disentangle the roles of various factors that influence migrant health outcomes. Finland provides an unusual opportunity to study long-term health consequences associated with forced migration...
December 2016: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702699/work-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-amongst-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-trainees-in-east-midland-region-of-the-uk
#12
Kubra Arslan Okuyucu, Yadava Jeve, Angie Doshani
PURPOSE: Work-related musculoskeletal injuries (WRMSI) have been well known amongst obstetrics and gynaecology (O&G) practitioners, but limited data have been reported. Our aim is to determine the prevalence, severity and characteristics of WRMSI amongst O&G trainees. METHODS: A musculoskeletal ergonomic survey was conducted amongst the O&G trainees in the East-Midlands region of United Kingdom (UK). The survey comprised of demographic details, year of training, previous manual handling training, any work-related orthopaedic injury, the type of injury, any treatment received in addition to any sick leave incurred after the injury were also documented...
July 12, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699386/organisational-factors-and-occupational-balance-in-working-parents-in-sweden
#13
Madeleine Borgh, Frida Eek, Petra Wagman, Carita Håkansson
BACKGROUND: Parents with small children constitute a vulnerable group as they have an increased risk of sick leave due to stress-related disorders compared to adults without children. It has been shown that mothers and fathers to small children together spend more time in paid work than any other group, which could create negative stress and an experience of low occupational balance. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine associations between organisational factors and occupational balance among parents with small children in Sweden...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698346/acute-mountain-sickness-arterial-oxygen-saturation-and-heart-rate-among-tibetan-students-who-reascend-to-lhasa-after-7-years-at-low-altitude-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Gonggalanzi, Labasangzhu, Espen Bjertness, Tianyi Wu, Hein Stigum, Per Nafstad
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to estimate the incidence of acute mountain sickness (AMS) and address the changes in arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) and heart rate (HR) in native Tibetans who reascend to the high-altitude city of Lhasa (3658 m) after a 7-year stay at low altitude. METHODS: We followed two cohorts of students aged 17-21 years (859 Native Tibetan and 801 Han Chinese), travelling from lowland China until 3 days after their arrival in highland city of Lhasa...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696797/cancer-costs-and-outcomes-in-the-finnish-population-2004-2014
#15
Paulus Torkki, Riikka-Leena Leskelä, Miika Linna, Suvi Mäklin, Jukka-Pekka Mecklin, Petri Bono, Vesa Kataja, Sakari Karjalainen
INTRODUCTION: The cost of cancer and outcomes of cancer care has been much debated, since cancer represents 3-6% of total healthcare costs. The objective of this study was to analyse the development of the costs and outcomes in Finland between 2004 and 2014. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The national cost, episodes and outcomes data were obtained from the national register databases. Two hospitals were used to validate the costs of care. The outcome measures included relative survival rate, mortality, sick leave days per patient and number of new disability pensions...
July 11, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692009/potential-economic-benefits-of-paid-sick-leave-in-reducing-absenteeism-related-to-the-spread-of-influenza-like-illness
#16
Abay Asfaw, Roger Rosa, Regina Pana-Cryan
OBJECTIVE: Most U.S. employers are not required to provide paid sick leave (PSL), and there is limited information on the economic return of providing PSL. We estimated potential benefits to employers of PSL in reducing absenteeism related to the spread of influenza-like illness (ILI). METHODS: We used nationally representative data and a negative binomial random effects model to estimate the impact of PSL in reducing overall absence due to illness or injury. We used published data to compute the share of ILI from the total days of absence, ILI transmission rates at workplaces, wages, and other parameters...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684718/steroid-alkaloids-from-holarrhena-africana-with-strong-activity-against-trypanosoma-brucei-rhodesiense
#17
Charles Okeke Nnadi, Ngozi Justina Nwodo, Marcel Kaiser, Reto Brun, Thomas J Schmidt
In our continued search for natural compounds with activity against Trypanosoma brucei, causative agent of human African trypanosomiasis (HAT, "sleeping sickness"), we have investigated extracts from the leaves and bark of the West African Holarrhenaafricana (syn. Holarrhena floribunda; Apocynaceae). The extracts and their alkaloid-enriched fractions displayed promising in vitro activity against bloodstream forms of T. brucei rhodesiense (Tbr; East African HAT). Bioactivity-guided chromatographic fractionation of the alkaloid-rich fractions resulted in the isolation of 17 steroid alkaloids, one nitrogen-free steroid and one alkaloid-like non-steroid...
July 6, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683379/work-related-illness-work-related-accidents-and-lack-of-social-security-in-colombia
#18
María Teresa Buitrago Echeverri, César Ernesto Abadía-Barrero, Consuelo Granja Palacios
The impacts of neoliberal or market-based social security reforms in health have been extensively studied. How such reforms transformed employment-related insurance and entitlements, however, has received significantly less attention. This study aims to understand how the employment insurance system operates in Colombia and to assess how the experience of workers seeking social security entitlements relates to the system's structure. We conducted an ethnographic study of the Colombian Occupational Risk System between May 2014 and March 2016, with two main components: 1) analysis of the system itself through in-depth interviews with 32 people working in leadership positions and a systematic review of the system's most important legislation, and 2) a study of people who experienced problems receiving entitlements and were challenging the assessment of their work-related illness or accident...
June 23, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683088/iq-and-mental-health-are-vital-predictors-of-work-drop-out-and-early-mortality-multi-state-analyses-of-norwegian-male-conscripts
#19
Stein Atle Lie, Torill H Tveito, Silje E Reme, Hege R Eriksen
BACKGROUND: Disability benefits and sick leave benefits represents huge costs in western countries. The pathways and prognostic factors for receiving these benefits seen in recent years are complex and manifold. We postulate that mental health and IQ, both alone and concurrent, influence subsequent employment status, disability benefits and mortality. METHODS: A cohort of 918 888 Norwegian men was followed for 16 years from the age of 20 to 55. Risk for health benefits, emigration, and mortality were studied...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677879/economic-evaluation-of-antibiotic-therapy-versus-appendicectomy-for-the-treatment-of-uncomplicated-acute-appendicitis-from-the-appac-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
S Sippola, J Grönroos, R Tuominen, H Paajanen, T Rautio, P Nordström, M Aarnio, T Rantanen, S Hurme, P Salminen
BACKGROUND: An increasing amount of evidence supports antibiotic therapy for treating uncomplicated acute appendicitis. The objective of this study was to compare the costs of antibiotics alone versus appendicectomy in treating uncomplicated acute appendicitis within the randomized controlled APPAC (APPendicitis ACuta) trial. METHODS: The APPAC multicentre, non-inferiority RCT was conducted on patients with CT-confirmed uncomplicated acute appendicitis. Patients were assigned randomly to appendicectomy or antibiotic treatment...
July 5, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
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