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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329305/association-between-spousal-suicide-and-mental-physical-and-social-health-outcomes-a-longitudinal-and-nationwide-register-based-study
#1
Annette Erlangsen, Bo Runeson, James M Bolton, Holly C Wilcox, Julie L Forman, Jesper Krogh, M Katherine Shear, Merete Nordentoft, Yeates Conwell
Importance: Bereavement after spousal suicide has been linked to mental disorders; however, a comprehensive assessment of the effect of spousal suicide is needed. Objective: To determine whether bereavement after spousal suicide was linked to an excessive risk of mental, physical, and social health outcomes when compared with the general population and spouses bereaved by other manners. Design, Setting, and Participants: This nationwide, register-based cohort study conducted in Denmark of 6...
March 22, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328935/intra-articular-hyaluronic-acid-in-the-management-of-knee-osteoarthritis-pharmaco-economic-study-from-the-perspective-of-the-national-health-insurance-system
#2
Thierry Thomas, Françoise Amouroux, Patrice Vincent
INTRODUCTION: Pharmaco-economic data on the management of knee osteoarthritis (OA) with intra articular hyaluronic acid (IA HA) viscosupplementation is limited. We contrasted IA HA with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). METHODS: Observational, prospective and multicenter study comparing treatments of knee OA costs and efficacy with either NSAIDs alone, or hyaluronic acid (Arthrum H 2%®), during a 6-month follow-up period. The investigators were pharmacists who recorded data on disease, drug consumption and healthcare circuit...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327011/the-reality-of-the-front-line
#3
Erin Dean
More than 3,000 nurses have responded to a survey that has revealed the increasing pressure felt by those in the profession. Respondents reported going on sick leave due to stress and taking antidepressants. Eight out of ten of the 3,103 nurses and healthcare assistants who responded said the quality of care had declined over the past five years.
March 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322345/nursing-staff-fluctuation-and-pathogenic-burden-in-the-nicu-effective-outbreak-management-and-the-underestimated-relevance-of-non-resistant-strains
#4
Kai O Hensel, Rhea van den Bruck, Ingo Klare, Michael Heldmann, Beniam Ghebremedhin, Andreas C Jenke
In the course of a hospital management takeover, a microbial outbreak took place in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Here, we characterize the outbreak and its management. About 4 months prior to takeover, there was a sharp increase in positive isolates for MSSA and multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs). Simultaneously, the nursing staff sick leave rate increased dramatically which directly correlated with the number of infection/colonization per week (r(2) = 0.95, p = 0.02). During the following months we observed several peaks in positive isolates of methicillin-sensitive staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), MDROs and subsequently a vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (VRE) outbreak...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318518/-returning-to-work-after-an-acute-coronary-syndrome-when-waiting-is-wasting
#5
F Latil, M C Iliou, C Boileau, J X Pietri, C Lechien, P Ha-Vinh, C Guimond
BACKGROUND: Return to work (RTW) after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is an important issue for the patient's future. AIMS: The study aim was to determine whether RTW practice complies with guidelines or is delayed by failure in patient management. We analysed the factors influencing RTW beyond the 90-day period recommended by guidelines. METHODS: We conducted a survey of 216 self-employed workers admitted to the hospital for ACS using self-report questionnaires and medical examination...
March 16, 2017: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314745/differences-in-predictors-of-permanent-work-disability-between-immigrants-and-natives-a-cohort-study-of-adults-with-sick-leave-due-to-common-mental-disorders
#6
Laura Werlen, Magnus Helgesson, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz
OBJECTIVES: Immigrants with common mental disorders (CMDs) are reported to have a higher risk of disability pension (DP) compared with native residents; however, the reasons for this are not fully understood. This study aimed to investigate (1) differences in morbidity (3 measures) and socioeconomic status in native Swedes, 'Western' and 'non-Western' immigrants with CMDs and (2) interactions between morbidity and socioeconomic status and immigrant status regarding subsequent DP. DESIGN: The study was a prospective population-based cohort study using national register data...
March 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299536/associations-between-the-readiness-for-return-to-work-scale-and-return-to-work-a-prospective-study
#7
Lene Aasdahl, Kristine Pape, Chris Jensen, Ottar Vasseljen, Tore Braathen, Roar Johnsen, Marius Steiro Fimland
Purpose To explore the usefulness of the Readiness for return to work scale in individuals participating in occupational rehabilitation, by assessing the association between the scale and return to work (RTW), and comparing the scale to a question assessing individuals' expectations about length of sick leave. Method Prospective cohort study with 9 months follow-up. Participants took part in one of two randomized clinical trials. Associations between the Readiness for RTW scale and RTW was analyzed using linear and logistic regression, with adjustment for age, gender and education...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293901/diabetes-resolution-and-work-absenteeism-after-gastric-bypass-a-6-year-study
#8
E Jönsson, P Ornstein, H Goine, J L Hedenbro
BACKGROUND: Obesity-related diseases cause costs to society. We studied the cost of work absenteeism before and after gastric bypass and the effects of postoperative diabetes resolution. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from the Scandinavian Obesity Surgery Registry (SOReg) (national coverage >98%) and cross-matched with data from the Social insurance Agency (coverage 100%) for the period ±3 years from operation. In 2010, a total of 7454 bariatric surgeries were performed; the study group is 4971 unique individuals with an annual income of >10,750 Euros and complete data sets...
March 14, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285755/-the-human-and-economic-burden-of-cancer-in-france-in-2014-based-on-the-sniiram-national-database
#9
Philippe Tuppin, Laurence Pestel, Solène Samson, Anne Cuerq, Sébastien Rivière, Stéphane Tala, Pierre Denis, Jérôme Drouin, Claude Gissot, Christelle Gastaldi-Ménager, Anne Fagot-Campagna
INTRODUCTION: The national health insurance information system (Sniiram) can be used to estimate the national medical and economic burden of cancer. This study reports the annual rates, characteristics and expenditure of people reimbursed for cancer. METHODS: Among 57 million general health scheme beneficiaries (86% of the French population), people managed for cancer were identified using algorithms based on hospital diagnoses and full refund for long-term cancer...
March 9, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284517/antibiotics-first-strategy-for-uncomplicated-acute-appendicitis-in-adults-is-associated-with-increased-rates-of-peritonitis-at-surgery-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-comparing-appendectomy-and-non-operative-management
#10
REVIEW
Mauro Podda, Nicola Cillara, Salomone Di Saverio, Antonio Lai, Francesco Feroci, Gianluigi Luridiana, Ferdinando Agresta, Nereo Vettoretto
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis is the most common surgical diagnosis in young patients, with lifetime prevalence of about 7%. Debate remains on whether uncomplicated AA should be operated or not. Aim of this meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials was to assess current evidence on antibiotic treatment for uncomplicated AA compared to standard surgical treatment. METHODS: Systematic literature search was performed using PubMed, EMBASE, Medline, Google Scholar and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases for randomized controlled trials comparing antibiotic therapy (AT) and surgical therapy-appendectomy (ST) for uncomplicated AA...
March 8, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282361/use-of-analgesics-in-young-adults-as-a-predictor-of-health-care-utilization-and-pain-prevalence-israel-defense-forces-experience
#11
Karina Dorfman, Olga Komargodski, Racheli Magnezi, Stanislav Lifshitz, Dorit Tzur, Nirit Yavnai, Gal Ifergane
Pain evaluation in large community studies is difficult. Analgesics can be a useful tool in estimating pain related conditions in which analgesic use is highly regulated. In this study we evaluated analgesics consumption patterns of regular Israel Defense Force soldiers. We have performed a historical cohort study of 665,137 young adults during active duty in 2002-2012. Analgesics were prescribed to 518,242 (78%) soldiers, mostly for musculoskeletal pain (69.3%), abdominal pain (12.7%) and headache (12.1%)...
March 7, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276962/occupational-imbalance-and-the-role-of-perceived-stress-in-predicting-stress-related-disorders
#12
Carita Håkansson, Gunnar Ahlborg
BACKGROUND: Stress-related disorders are the main reason for sick leave in many European countries. The aim of the present study was to explore whether perceived occupational imbalance predicts stress-related disorders, potential gender differences, and to explore the mediating role of perceived stress. METHOD: Longitudinal data on 2223 employees in a public organization in Sweden were collected by surveys, and analyzed by logistic regression. RESULTS: Occupational imbalance predicted stress-related disorders among both women and men...
March 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276958/disease-activity-in-and-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-psoriatic-arthritis-mutilans-the-nordic-pam-study
#13
U Lindqvist, B Gudbjornsson, L Iversen, L Laasonen, L Ejstrup, T Ternowitz, M Ståhle
OBJECTIVE: To describe the social status and health-related quality of life of patients with psoriatic arthritis mutilans (PAM) in the Nordic countries. METHOD: Patients with at least one mutilated joint confirmed by radiology were studied. Disease activity involving joints and skin, physician-assessed disease activity, and patient's education and work status were recorded. Data from the 36-item Short Form Health Survey, Health Assessment Questionnaire and Dermatology Life Quality Index questionnaire were gathered and correlated with disease duration, pain, and general well-being (visual analogue scale)...
February 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274323/reducing-menopausal-symptoms-for-women-during-the-menopause-transition-using-group-education-in-a-primary-health-care-setting-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Lena Rindner, Gunilla Strömme, Lena Nordeman, Dominique Hange, Ronny Gunnarsson, Gun Rembeck
OBJECTIVES: Women's physical and mental ill-health shows a marked increase during menopause, which usually occurs between 45 and 55 years of age. Mental illness and somatic symptoms are common causes of long-term sick leave. Women suffer from a lack of knowledge about the menopause transition and its associated symptoms. The aim of the study was to investigate whether group education for women in primary health care (PHC) about the menopause transition can improve their physical and mental ill-health...
April 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274210/effectiveness-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-asthma-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-epra
#15
Konrad Schultz, Hildegard Seidl, Danijel Jelusic, Rupert Wagner, Michael Wittmann, Hermann Faller, Dennis Nowak, Michael Schuler
BACKGROUND: Asthma patients are enrolled in multimodal pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) programs. However, available data for the effectiveness of PR in asthma are sparse. Therefore, the primary aim of this randomized control trial (RCT) is to evaluate short-term (end of rehabilitation) and intermediate-term effectiveness (3 months after rehabilitation) of PR for patients with asthma regarding asthma control (primary outcome) and other outcomes. Secondly, moderator effects of gender, age, baseline asthma control, quality of life, and anxiety will be examined...
March 9, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273984/study-of-risk-factors-for-development-of-voice-disorders-and-its-impact-on-the-quality-of-life-of-school-teachers-in-mangalore-india
#16
Arati Alva, Megna Machado, Kiran Bhojwani, Suja Sreedharan
INTRODUCTION: School teachers are most prone to the development and detrimental effects of voice disorders as a consequence of their work. The risk factors for development of dysphonia in teachers are multifactorial. AIM: The primary aim of our study was to investigate the various risk factors that influence the onset and progression of voice disorders in school teachers in the Indian context. We wanted to assess the effect of voice problems on the physical, psychosocial and functional aspect of a teacher's life...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273232/brazilian-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-return-to-work-self-efficacy-questionnaire
#17
João Silvestre Silva, Rosane Härter Griep, Suzanne E Lagerveld, Frida Marina Fischer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the translation and early stages of cross-cultural adaptation of the questionnaire Verwachtingen over werken (or "Return-to-work self-efficacy") for workers in sick leave due to mental disorders, from the original in Dutch to the Brazilian Portuguese language. METHODS: A panel gathering experts was formed to determine the questionnaire conceptual and item equivalence. For semantic equivalence, the Dutch-Portuguese Brazilian translations were consolidated and consensus meetings were held to structure versions of the instrument...
March 2, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260915/prevalence-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-employable-patients-after-acute-coronary-event-in-cardiac-rehabilitation
#18
Annett Salzwedel, Maria-Dorothea Heidler, Kathrin Haubold, Martin Schikora, Rona Reibis, Karl Wegscheider, Michael Jöbges, Heinz Völler
INTRODUCTION: Adequate cognitive function in patients is a prerequisite for successful implementation of patient education and lifestyle coping in comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs. Although the association between cardiovascular diseases and cognitive impairments (CIs) is well known, the prevalence particularly of mild CI in CR and the characteristics of affected patients have been insufficiently investigated so far. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, 496 patients (54...
2017: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258289/-hands-well-all-s-well-prevention-campaign-of-the-austrian-general-accident-insurance-institution-auva-to-reduce-hand-injuries
#19
M Leixnering, C Pezzei, C Schenk, C Szolarz, J Jurkowitsch, S Quadlbauer
Overall, 41% of all work-related accidents lead to a hand injury. In the younger generation, the incidence rate even rises to 50%. In Austria, these accidents result in approximately half a million sick leave days per annum, an average of 12.5 days per accident. In comparison, leisure-time hand injuries show a significantly higher accident rate: 60% of hand injuries occur during leisure time. Far fewer safety measures are taken and a lack of adequate training and a disregard for safety recommendations are observed...
March 3, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250047/effectiveness-of-job-rotation-for-preventing-work-related-musculoskeletal-diseases-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Maria Luiza Caires Comper, Jack Tigh Dennerlein, Gabriela Dos Santos Evangelista, Patricia Rodrigues da Silva, Rosimeire Simprini Padula
OBJECTIVE: Job rotation is an organisational strategy widely used on assembly lines in manufacturing industries to mitigate workers' exposure so as to prevent musculoskeletal disorders. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of job rotation for reducing working hours lost due to sick leave resulting from musculoskeletal diseases. METHODS: The design consisted of a 1-year cluster randomised controlled trial with a blinded assessor. Production sectors of the textile industry were randomised to intervention and control groups...
March 1, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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