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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905018/minimal-excision-and-primary-suture-is-a-cost-efficient-definitive-treatment-for-pilonidal-disease-with-low-morbidity-a-population-based-interventional-and-a-cross-sectional-cohort-study
#1
Kaveh Khodakaram, Joachim Stark, Ida Höglund, Roland E Andersson
BACKGROUND: Conventional treatment of pilonidal disease with wide excision is associated with high morbidity. We describe the short- and long-term results and the impact on the health care system of a simple operation performed in the office under local anaesthesia, consisting of minimal excision of pilonidal sinuses with primary suture-the modified Lord-Millar operation (mLM). METHODS: All patients operated with mLM from February 2008 till November 2012 were prospectively followed for recurrence by telephone interviews and examination of symptomatic patients till July 2015...
November 30, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900183/severity-and-pattern-of-injuries-caused-by-the-traditional-swiss-team-sport-hornussen-first-retrospective-study-at-a-level-i-trauma-centre-in-switzerland
#2
Volkmar Waterkamp, Meret Ricklin, Benoît Schaller, Konstantinos Katsoulis, Aristomenis Exadaktylos
BACKGROUND: This article addresses typical injury patterns related to the traditional Swiss team sport of Hornussen. A small plastic disk is struck with a special elastic racket and then intercepted in the field. Severe injuries have occasionally been reported. We present a systematic review of all cases of Hornussen injuries treated in the University Hospital of Bern from 2000 to 2014. METHODS: To assess the frequency, type and outcome of Hornussen injuries, we performed a database search of all inpatient and outpatient cases related to Hornussen and that were admitted to and/or treated in Bern University Hospital from 2000 to 2014...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884936/constances-a-general-prospective-population-based-cohort-for-occupational-and-environmental-epidemiology-cohort-profile
#3
Marcel Goldberg, Matthieu Carton, Alexis Descatha, Annette Leclerc, Yves Roquelaure, Gaëlle Santin, Marie Zins
: WHY THE COHORT WAS SET UP?: CONSTANCES is a general-purpose cohort with a focus on occupational and environmental factors. COHORT PARTICIPANTS: CONSTANCES was designed as a randomly selected sample of French adults aged 18-69 years at inception; 200 000 participants will be included. DATA COLLECTION PHASES: At enrolment, the participants are invited to complete questionnaires and to attend a health screening centre (HSC) for a health examination...
November 24, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884137/early-identification-in-primary-health-care-of-people-at-risk-for-sick-leave-due-to-work-related-stress-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-rct
#4
Kristina Holmgren, Christine Sandheimer, Ann-Charlotte Mårdby, Maria E H Larsson, Ute Bültmann, Dominique Hange, Gunnel Hensing
BACKGROUND: Early identification of persons at risk of sickness absence due to work-related stress is a crucial problem for society in general, and primary health care in particular. Tho date, no established method to do this exists. This project's aim is to evaluate whether systematic early identification of work-related stress can prevent sickness absence. This paper presents the study design, procedure and outcome measurements, as well as allocation and baseline characteristics of the study population...
November 25, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883069/quality-of-life-and-cost-effectiveness-of-radiofrequency-ablation-versus-open-surgery-for-benign-thyroid-nodules-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Wen-Wen Yue, Xiao-Long Li, Hui-Xiong Xu, Feng Lu, Li-Ping Sun, Le-Hang Guo, Ya-Ping He, Dan Wang, Zhi-Qiang Yin
This study is to compare the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and cost-effectiveness of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and open thyroidectomy (OT) for benign thyroid nodules (BTNs) treatment. HRQoL and utility were assessed for 404 BTN patients immediately before treatments (RFA:OT = 137:267) and at 6-month visit. A cost-effectiveness analysis was performed from societal perspective in the China context. Resource use (hospitalization, sick leaves) was collected. We used the net monetary benefit approach and computed cost-effectiveness acceptability curves for RFA and OT...
November 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869247/effort-reward-imbalance-overcommitment-and-their-associations-with-all-cause-and-mental-disorder-long-term-sick-leave-a-case-control-study-of-the-swedish-working-population
#6
Ulrik Lidwall
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if effort-reward imbalance (ERI) and overcommitment (OC) are associated with all-cause and mental disorder long-term sick leave (LS), and to identify differences in associations between genders, private versus public sector employees and socioeconomic status groups. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study uses a cross-sectional case-control design with a sample of 3477 persons on long-term sick leave of more than 59 days and a control group of 2078 in employment...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864987/-mental-health-day-sickness-absence-amongst-nurses-and-midwives-workplace-workforce-psychosocial-and-health-characteristics
#7
Scott Lamont, Scott Brunero, Lin Perry, Christine Duffield, David Sibbritt, Robyn Gallagher, Rachel Nicholls
AIM: To examine the workforce, workplace, psychosocial and health characteristics of nurses and midwives in relation to their reported use of sickness absence described as 'mental health days'. BACKGROUND: The occupational stress associated with the nursing profession is increasingly recognised and nurse/midwifery absenteeism is a significant global problem. Taking a 'mental health day' as sickness absence is a common phenomenon in Australian healthcare. No previous studies have empirically explored the characteristics of nurses and midwives using such sickness absence...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855684/do-expectancies-of-return-to-work-and-job-satisfaction-predict-actual-return-to-work-in-workers-with-long-lasting-lbp
#8
Jon Opsahl, Hege R Eriksen, Torill H Tveito
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders including low back pain have major individual and socioeconomic consequences as it often leads to disability and long-term sick leave and exclusion from working life. Predictors of disability and return to work often differ, and the dominant knowledge is on predictors for prolonged sick leave and disability. Therefore it is also important to identify key predictors for return to work. The aim of the study was to assess if overall job satisfaction and expectancies of return to work predicts actual return to work after 12 months, among employees with long lasting low back pain, and to assess if there were gender differences in the predictors...
November 17, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855651/labour-market-participation-and-sick-leave-among-patients-diagnosed-with-myasthenia-gravis-in-denmark-1997-2011-a-danish-nationwide-cohort-study
#9
Asger Frost, Marie Louise Svendsen, Jes Rahbek, Christina Malmose Stapelfeldt, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Thomas Lund
BACKGROUND: To examine labour market participation and long-term sick leave following a diagnosis with myasthenia gravis (MG) compared with the general Danish population and for specific subgroups of MG patients. METHODS: A nationwide matched cohort study from 1997 to 2011 using data from population-based medical and social registries. The study includes 330 MG patients aged 18 to 65 years old identified from hospital diagnoses and dispensed prescriptions, and twenty references from the Danish population matching each MG patient on age, gender, and profession...
November 17, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854043/psychometric-properties-of-the-obstacles-to-return-to-work-questionnaire-in-a-brazilian-context
#10
Daniela Milani, Neusa Maria Costa Alexandre, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos, Sheilah Hogg-Johnson
Purpose To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Obstacles to Return-to-Work Questionnaire (ORTWQ) among Brazilian workers on sick-leave due to musculoskeletal disorders. Methods Confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to evaluate the factor structure validity of the ORTWQ. Model fit indices and salience of factor loadings were assessed. The convergent validity was estimated using the Average Variance Extracted (AVE) and Composite Reliability (CR). The correlational analysis was verified using the Spearman Correlation between the ORTWQ and other specific tools...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852230/the-effect-of-preoperative-dexamethasone-on-pain-1%C3%A2-year-after-lumbar-disc-surgery-a-follow-up-study
#11
Rikke Vibeke Nielsen, Jonna Fomsgaard, Ole Mathiesen, Jørgen Berg Dahl
BACKGROUND: It has been hypothesized that dexamethasone can inhibit persistent postoperative pain, but data on humans is lacking and results from animal studies are conflicting. We explored the effect of 16 mg dexamethasone IV administered preoperatively on persistent pain 1 year after lumbar discectomy. METHODS: This is a prospective 1-year follow-up on a single-centre, randomized, and blinded trial exploring the analgesic effect of 16 mg IV dexamethasone or placebo after lumbar discectomy...
November 16, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832195/the-clinical-and-economic-impact-of-probiotics-consumption-on-respiratory-tract-infections-projections-for-canada
#12
Irene Lenoir-Wijnkoop, Laetitia Gerlier, Denis Roy, Gregor Reid
INTRODUCTION: There is accumulating evidence supporting the use of probiotics, which are defined as "live micro-organisms which, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host", as a preventive measure against respiratory tract infections (RTI). Two recent meta-analyses showed probiotic consumption (daily intake of 107 to 1010 CFU in any form for up to 3 months) significantly reduced RTI duration, frequency, antibiotic use and work absenteeism. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of probiotic use in terms of number of RTI episodes and days averted, and the number of antibiotic prescriptions and missed workdays averted, in the general population of Canada...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830628/determinants-of-sick-leave-length-still-limited-to-diagnosis-elements
#13
Yvan Lévy, Angélique Denis, Jean-Baptiste Fassier, Nadir Kellou, Anne-Marie Schott, Laurent Letrilliart
PURPOSE: Sickness certification implies that a health problem impairs ability to work. However, its assessment is seldom performed by physicians. Our objective was, therefore, to assess the specific influence of functional and environmental limitations on the length of sick-leave prescriptions. METHOD: We conducted a cross-sectional study in French general teaching practices and recorded 353 initial sick-leave certifications. For each of them, the functional and environmental limitations were collected using the ATCIF questionnaire, derived from the International Classification of Functioning...
November 10, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829455/effects-of-a-randomized-controlled-intervention-trial-on-return-to-work-and-health-care-utilization-after-long-term-sickness-absence
#14
Anne-Mette H Momsen, Christina Malmose Stapelfeldt, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Maj Britt D Nielsen, Birgit Aust, Reiner Rugulies, Chris Jensen
BACKGROUND: The aim of the RCT study was to investigate if the effect of a multidisciplinary intervention on return to work (RTW) and health care utilization differed by participants' self-reported health status at baseline, defined by a) level of somatic symptoms, b) health anxiety and c) self-reported general health. METHODS: A total of 443 individuals were randomized to the intervention (n = 301) or the control group (n = 142) and responded to a questionnaire measuring health status at baseline...
November 9, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827302/short-rest-between-shift-intervals-increases-the-risk-of-sick-leave-a-prospective-registry-study
#15
Øystein Vedaa, Ståle Pallesen, Siri Waage, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Børge Sivertsen, Eilin Erevik, Erling Svensen, Anette Harris
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to use objective registry data to prospectively investigate the effects of quick returns (QR, <11 hours of rest between shifts) and night shifts on sick leave. METHODS: A total of 1538 nurses (response rate =41.5%) answered questionnaires on demographics and personality and provided consent to link this information to registry data on shift work and sick leave from employers' records. A multilevel negative binomial model was used to investigate the predictive effect of exposure to night shifts and QR every month for 1 year, on sick leave the following month...
November 8, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825619/sick-of-waiting-does-waiting-for-elective-treatment-cause-sickness-absence
#16
Karin Dyrstad, Thomas Halvorsen, Karl-Gerhard Hem, Tarald Rohde
Sickness absence represents a substantial cost in most of Western Europe, whether the insurance scheme is public or private. The objective of this study was to analyse whether waiting time for elective treatment in specialist health care is associated with the length of individual sickness absence in Norway. To estimate the association between waiting time and the duration of sick leave, we used data from the working population aged 18-67 years in 2010-2012. The files combined register data from The Norwegian Patient Registry with individual characteristics and sickness absence data from Statistics Norway, and was analysed using zero-truncated negative binomial regression...
October 18, 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819516/how-supervisor-relationships-and-protection-rules-affect-employees-attempts-to-manage-health-information-at-work
#17
Catherine Y K Westerman, Jenna L Currie-Mueller, Justin S Motto, Logan C Curti
This article explores the issue of health information sharing at work through the lens of Communication Privacy Management theory. As employees must often share some health information at work for various reasons (e.g., to obtain sick leave or accommodations), determining how much to share and how to manage health information is important. The leader-member exchange relationship, stigma, risk perceptions, and the degree of privacy of each individual's health information were investigated. The results show that leader-member exchange, stigma, and privacy contribute to an individual's willingness to disclose health information at work and that leader-member exchange impacts perceptions of risk associated with sharing health information...
November 7, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816609/surgical-exploration-of-hand-wounds-in-the-emergency-room-preliminary-study-of-80-personal-injury-claims
#18
J Mouton, H Houdre, R Beccari, N Tarissi, M Autran, I Auquit-Auckbur
BACKGROUND: The SHAM Insurance Company in Lyon, France, estimated that inadequate hand wound exploration in the emergency room (ER) accounted for 10% of all ER-related personal injury claims in 2013. The objective of this study was to conduct a critical analysis of 80 claims that were related to hand wound management in the ER and led to compensation by SHAM. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty claims filed between 2007 and 2010 were anonymised then included into the study...
December 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815771/effects-of-inpatient-multicomponent-occupational-rehabilitation-versus-less-comprehensive-outpatient-rehabilitation-on-somatic-and-mental-health-secondary-outcomes-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Lene Aasdahl, Kristine Pape, Ottar Vasseljen, Roar Johnsen, Sigmund Gismervik, Chris Jensen, Marius Steiro Fimland
Purpose To evaluate effects on somatic and mental health of a multicomponent inpatient occupational rehabilitation program compared to a less comprehensive outpatient program in individuals on sick leave for musculoskeletal complaints or mental health disorders. Methods A randomized clinical trial with parallel groups. Participants were individuals on sick-leave for 2-12 months with a sick-leave diagnosis within the musculoskeletal, psychological or general and unspecified chapters of ICPC-2. Potential participants were identified in the Social Security System Registry...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807333/-status-of-two-week-illness-for-primary-and-secondary-students-in-middle-and-west-provinces
#20
Lianguo Fu, Lili Sun, Zhenghe Wang, Xiaorui Shang, Xiangkun Meng, Xiaohui Li, Jun Ma
To explore the status of two-week illness in primary and secondary students and to provide the basis for rationally distributing heath resources in primary and secondary schools.
 Methods: Stratified cluster sampling method was used to select 6 744 primary and secondary students aged from 9.0-16.9 years, and the name or symptoms of two-week illness, frequencies, medical expenses and days of sick leave were surveyed by using the self-made questionnaires.
 Results: Respiratory system disease (73.6%) and digestive system diseases (13...
October 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
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