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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915804/prevalence-and-predictors-of-persistent-pelvic-girdle-pain-12%C3%A2-years-postpartum
#1
Cecilia Bergström, Margareta Persson, Kari-Anne Nergård, Ingrid Mogren
BACKGROUND: Pelvic girdle pain (PGP) is not always a self-limiting condition. Women with more pronounced persistent PGP (PPGP) report poorer health status compared to women with less pronounced symptoms. The knowledge concerning the long-term consequences of PPGP is limited, thus more knowledge in this area is needed. The overall aim was to study the prevalence and predictors of PPGP 12 years after delivery. METHODS: This is a long-term follow-up study based on a previous cohort study that commenced in 2002...
September 16, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915767/sick-leave-among-people-in-paid-work-after-age-65-a-swedish-population-based-study-covering-1995-2000-2005-and-2010
#2
K Farrants, S Marklund, L Kjeldgård, J Head, K Alexanderson
AIMS: Extending working life into older age groups is discussed in many countries. However, there is no knowledge about how this affects rates of sick leave. The aim of this work was to investigate rates of sick leave among people in paid work after retirement age and if such rates have changed over time. METHODS: Swedish nationwide register data on people aged >65 years and living in Sweden in 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010 were analysed. All people with a sufficiently high work income to be eligible for public sick leave benefits were included...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910124/paid-sick-leave-and-psychological-distress-an-analysis-of-u-s-workers
#3
Patricia Stoddard-Dare, LeaAnne DeRigne, Cyleste C Collins, Linda M Quinn, Kimberly Fuller
Paid sick leave is increasingly identified as a social justice issue having important implications for health and wellness; however, little is known about its relationship to mental health. Data from the 2015 cross section of the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS; 2015) were used to examine the relationship between paid sick leave and psychological distress during the last 30 days among N = 17,897 working United States adults. The 6-item Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6), a valid and reliable instrument for assessing psychological distress in population based samples, was used to measure the outcome variable of interest...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901005/delivery-arrangements-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#4
REVIEW
Agustín Ciapponi, Simon Lewin, Cristian A Herrera, Newton Opiyo, Tomas Pantoja, Elizabeth Paulsen, Gabriel Rada, Charles S Wiysonge, Gabriel Bastías, Lilian Dudley, Signe Flottorp, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sebastian Garcia Marti, Claire Glenton, Charles I Okwundu, Blanca Peñaloza, Fatima Suleman, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: Delivery arrangements include changes in who receives care and when, who provides care, the working conditions of those who provide care, coordination of care amongst different providers, where care is provided, the use of information and communication technology to deliver care, and quality and safety systems. How services are delivered can have impacts on the effectiveness, efficiency and equity of health systems. This broad overview of the findings of systematic reviews can help policymakers and other stakeholders identify strategies for addressing problems and improve the delivery of services...
September 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898968/systematic-review-factors-associated-with-return-to-work-in-burnout
#5
R Kärkkäinen, T Saaranen, S Hiltunen, O P Ryynänen, K Räsänen
Background: Professional burnout predicts sick leave and even permanent withdrawal from the labour force. However, knowledge of the barriers to and facilitators of return to work (RTW) in such burnout is limited. Aims: To identify factors associated with RTW of burned-out individuals to inform occupational health care (OHC) RTW policy. Methods: A systematic search of peer-reviewed quantitative and mixed-method studies published from January 2005 to July 2016 in English and Finnish in ARTO, CINAHL (EBSCO), Medic, PsycINFO (ProQuest), PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science databases, followed by a manual search...
August 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895125/governance-arrangements-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#6
REVIEW
Cristian A Herrera, Simon Lewin, Elizabeth Paulsen, Agustín Ciapponi, Newton Opiyo, Tomas Pantoja, Gabriel Rada, Charles S Wiysonge, Gabriel Bastías, Sebastian Garcia Marti, Charles I Okwundu, Blanca Peñaloza, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: Governance arrangements include changes in rules or processes that determine authority and accountability for health policies, organisations, commercial products and health professionals, as well as the involvement of stakeholders in decision-making. Changes in governance arrangements can affect health and related goals in numerous ways, generally through changes in authority, accountability, openness, participation and coherence. A broad overview of the findings of systematic reviews can help policymakers, their technical support staff and other stakeholders to identify strategies for addressing problems and improving the governance of their health systems...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894631/ethnopharmacological-survey-on-traditional-medicinal-plants-at-kalaroa-upazila-satkhira-district-khulna-division-bangladesh
#7
Oby Dulla, Farhana Israt Jahan
AIM: The traditional source of medicinal plants is an important way for daily curative uses in the rural area throughout Bangladesh. An ethnomedicinal survey was conducted in a randomized manner among traditional medicinal practitioners to find out about the medicinal plants of Kalaroa, Bangladesh. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The information was collected through conducting interviews, discussion, and field observations with herbal healers and knowledgeable elders of the study areas from November 01, 2015, to December 31, 2015, who pointed out various medicinal plants and described their uses, using semi-structured questionnaires...
July 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891235/financial-arrangements-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#8
REVIEW
Charles S Wiysonge, Elizabeth Paulsen, Simon Lewin, Agustín Ciapponi, Cristian A Herrera, Newton Opiyo, Tomas Pantoja, Gabriel Rada, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: One target of the Sustainable Development Goals is to achieve "universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all". A fundamental concern of governments in striving for this goal is how to finance such a health system. This concern is very relevant for low-income countries. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the evidence from up-to-date systematic reviews about the effects of financial arrangements for health systems in low-income countries...
September 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877165/the-effects-of-an-unsupervised-water-exercise-program-on-low-back-pain-and-sick-leave-among-healthy-pregnant-women-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Mette G Backhausen, Ann Tabor, Hanne Albert, Susanne Rosthøj, Peter Damm, Hanne K Hegaard
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is highly prevalent among pregnant women, but evidence of an effective treatment are still lacking. Supervised exercise-either land or water based-has shown benefits for low back pain, but no trial has investigated the evidence of an unsupervised water exercise program on low back pain. We aimed to assess the effect of an unsupervised water exercise program on low back pain intensity and days spent on sick leave among healthy pregnant women. METHODS: In this randomised, controlled, parallel-group trial, 516 healthy pregnant women were randomly assigned to either unsupervised water exercise twice a week for a period of 12 weeks or standard prenatal care...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870665/association-of-paid-sick-leave-laws-with-foodborne-illness-rates
#10
Charleen Hsuan, Suzanne Ryan-Ibarra, Kat DeBurgh, Dawn M Jacobson
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies suggest an association between paid sick leave (PSL) and better population health, including fewer infectious and nosocomial gastrointestinal disease outbreaks. Yet few studies examine whether laws requiring employers to offer PSL demonstrate a similar association. This mixed-methods study examined whether laws requiring employers to provide PSL are associated with decreased foodborne illness rates, particularly laws that are more supportive of employees taking leave...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869318/exercise-for-the-prevention-of-low-back-and-pelvic-girdle-pain-in-pregnancy-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#11
REVIEW
R Shiri, D Coggon, K Falah-Hassani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The effect of exercise in prevention of low back and pelvic girdle pain during pregnancy is uncertain. This study aimed to assess the effect of exercise on low back pain, pelvic girdle pain and associated sick leave. DATABASES AND DATA TREATMENT: Literature searches were conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, ResearchGate and ClinicalTrials.gov databases from their inception through May 2017. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were eligible for inclusion in the review if they compared an exercise intervention with usual daily activities and at least some of the participants were free from low back pain and/or pelvic girdle pain at baseline...
September 4, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862314/working-capacity-after-a-subarachnoid-haemorrhage-a-six-year-follow-up
#12
Emma Westerlind, Hanna C Persson, Katharina S Sunnerhagen
OBJECTIVE: Subarachnoid haemorrhage can lead to long-term disabilities. It is a major health issue for the patient and can affect work capacity. The aim of this study was to investigate working capacity after subarachnoid haemorrhage from a long-term perspective, using data from national sick leave records. In addition, factors associated with working capacity were analysed. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SUBJECTS/PATIENTS: A consecutive total sample of 38 working-age participants with first-ever subarachnoid haemorrhage was included...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860094/qol-and-work-capacity-is-unrelated-to-approach-or-complications-after-pituitary-surgery
#13
Erik Uvelius, Nazia Castelo, Babar Kahlon, Christer Svensson, Anders Cervin, Peter Höglund, Stig Valdemarsson, Peter Siesjö
OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic pituitary surgery has shown favorable clinical outcomes. Less is known about the impact of surgical approaches on health related quality of life (HRQoL) and work capacity. The present study was undertaken to compare transsphenoidal microscope-assisted surgery to endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery regarding preoperative and surgical factors for the final outcome of HRQoL and work capacity. METHODS: In a retrospective study on patients operated for pituitary adenoma, outcome was compared between those operated before and after transition to endoscopic surgery at our department...
August 28, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856567/-assement-of-incapacity-to-work-and-the-mini-icf-app
#14
Benedikt Habermeyer, Stefan Kaiser, Wolfram Kawohl, Erich Seifritz
OBJECTIVE: According to recent recommendations the Mini-ICF Rating for Limitations of Activities and Participation in Psychological Disorders (Mini-ICF-APP) should be used in the assessment of incapacity to work. However evidence from empirical research in the field is missing. METHODS: The application of the Mini-ICF-APP in the psychiatric assessment of 121 cases was analysed. RESULTS: A significant correlation between capacity to work and the duration of sick-leave with the Mini-ICF-APP sum-score was confirmed...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856559/introducing-motivational-interviewing-in-a-sickness-insurance-context-translation-and-implementation-challenges
#15
Christian Ståhl, Maria Gustavsson
Purpose Motivational interviewing (MI) is a conversational method to support clients in need of behavioral change. In an organizational reform, most Swedish sickness insurance officials were trained in MI to promote clients' return to work (RTW) after sick leave. The aim of this article is to investigate experiences of introducing MI as a tool to promote clients' RTW within a sickness insurance context, with special focus on the translation and implementation of the method. Methods A qualitative approach, comprising 69 interviews with officials, managers, and regional coordinators on two occasions...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855002/health-related-quality-of-life-in-relation-to-disease-activity-in-adults-with-hereditary-angioedema-in-sweden
#16
undefinedP Nordenfelt, undefinedM Nilsson, undefinedA Lindfors, undefinedC-F Wahlgren, undefinedJ Bjorkander
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) is impaired in patients with hereditary angioedema (HAE) but has notyet been satisfactorily described. OBJECTIVE: To study HR-QoL in patients with HAE by combining different HR-QoL instruments with disease activity assessment. METHODS: All adults in the Swedish HAE registry were invited to take part in this questionnaire study, which used the generic HR-QoL instruments, EuroQol 5 Dimensions 5 Level (EQ-5D-5L) and the RAND Corporation Short Form 36 (RAND-36), the disease-specific Angioedema Quality of Life instrument (AE-QoL), the recently introduced Angioedema Activity Score (AAS) form, and questionnaires on sick leave and prophylactic medication...
August 30, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845715/how-do-line-managers-experience-and-handle-the-return-to-work-of-employees-on-sick-leave-due-to-work-related-stress-a-one-year-follow-up-study
#17
Yun Ladegaard, Janne Skakon, Andreas Friis Elrond, Bo Netterstrøm
PURPOSE: To examine how line managers experience and manage the return to work process of employees on sick leave due to work-related stress and to identify supportive and inhibiting factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 15 line managers who have had employees on sick leave due to work-related stress. The grounded theory approach was employed. RESULTS: Even though managers may accept the overall concept of work-related stress, they focus on personality and individual circumstances when an employee is sick-listed due to work-related stress...
August 28, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841102/association-of-burnout-with-workforce-reducing-factors-among-ems-professionals
#18
Remle P Crowe, Julie K Bower, Rebecca E Cash, Ashish R Panchal, Severo A Rodriguez, Susan E Olivo-Marston
OBJECTIVES: Emergency medical services (EMS) professionals often work long hours at multiple jobs and endure frequent exposure to traumatic events. The stressors inherent to the prehospital setting may increase the likelihood of experiencing burnout and lead providers to exit the profession, representing a serious workforce and public health concern. Our objectives were to estimate the prevalence of burnout, identify characteristics associated with experiencing burnout, and quantify its relationship with factors that negatively impact EMS workforce stability, namely sickness absence and turnover intentions...
August 25, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838644/laparoscopic-ileocaecal-resection-versus-infliximab-for-terminal-ileitis-in-crohn-s-disease-a-randomised-controlled-open-label-multicentre-trial
#19
Cyriel Y Ponsioen, E Joline de Groof, Emma J Eshuis, Tjibbe J Gardenbroek, Patrick M M Bossuyt, Ailsa Hart, Janindra Warusavitarne, Christianne J Buskens, Ad A van Bodegraven, Menno A Brink, Esther C J Consten, Bart A van Wagensveld, Marno C M Rijk, Rogier M P H Crolla, Casper G Noomen, Alexander P J Houdijk, Rosalie C Mallant, Maarten Boom, Willem A Marsman, Hein B Stockmann, Bregje Mol, A Jeroen de Groof, Pieter C Stokkers, Geert R D'Haens, Willem A Bemelman
BACKGROUND: Treatment of patients with ileocaecal Crohn's disease who have not responded to conventional therapy is commonly scaled up to biological agents, but surgery can also offer excellent short-term and long-term results. We compared laparoscopic ileocaecal resection with infliximab to assess how they affect health-related quality of life. METHODS: In this randomised controlled, open-label trial, in 29 teaching hospitals and tertiary care centres in the Netherlands and the UK, adults with non-stricturing, ileocaecal Crohn's disease, in whom conventional therapy has failed were randomly allocated (1:1) by an internet randomisation module with biased-coin minimisation for participating centres and perianal fistula to receive laparoscopic ileocaecal resection or infliximab...
August 21, 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836120/return-to-work-in-employees-on-sick-leave-due-to-neck-or-shoulder-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-multidisciplinary-and-brief-intervention-with-one-year-register-based-follow-up
#20
Line Thorndal Moll, Ole Kudsk Jensen, Berit Schiøttz-Christensen, Christina Malmose Stapelfeldt, David Høyrup Christiansen, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Merete Labriola
Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a multidisciplinary intervention (MDI) compared to a brief intervention (BI) with respect to return to work (RTW), pain and disability in workers on sick leave because of neck or shoulder pain. Methods 168 study participants with sickness absence for 4-16 weeks due to neck or shoulder pain were enrolled in a hospital-based clinical study and randomized to either MDI or BI. The primary outcome was RTW obtained by a national registry on public transfer payments...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
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