keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Arachnoiditis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188624/an-unusual-cause-of-progressive-headache-herniation-of-the-cerebellar-gyrus-into-the-intraosseous-arachnoid-granulation
#1
Hayri Ogul, Mecit Kantarci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 11, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186449/efficacy-and-outcomes-of-facial-nerve-sparing-treatment-approach-to-cerebellopontine-angle-meningiomas
#2
Randy S D'Amico, Matei A Banu, Petros Petridis, Alexandra S Bercow, Hani Malone, Moshe Praver, Tony J C Wang, Steven R Isaacson, Michael B Sisti
OBJECTIVE Advanced microsurgical techniques contribute to reduced morbidity and improved surgical management of meningiomas arising within the cerebellopontine angle (CPA). However, the goal of surgery has evolved to preserve the quality of the patient's life, even if it means leaving residual tumor. Concurrently, Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) has become an acceptable and effective treatment modality for newly diagnosed, recurrent, or progressive meningiomas of the CPA. The authors review their institutional experience with CPA meningiomas treated with GKRS, surgery, or a combination of surgery and GKRS...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178009/isolated-ectopic-cutaneous-atypical-meningioma-of-the-scalp-another-mimicker-of-primary-adnexal-tumor
#3
Jonathan Konopinski, Victor G Prieto, Doina Ivan, Priyadharsini Nagarajan, Michael T Tetzlaff, Jonathan L Curry, Carlos A Torres-Cabala, Gregory N Fuller, Phyu P Aung
Cutaneous meningiomas are rare tumors most commonly located in the skin and soft tissue of the scalp. They may be congenital (type I), acquired and derived from ectopic arachnoid tissue in the skin (type II), or arise through direct extension from an intracranial meningioma (type III). Despite their well-established documentation in the literature, they may escape recognition when classic features are not present. Herein, we present a case of a cutaneous atypical meningioma (≥4 mitotic figures/10 High Power Fields (HPF)) on the posterior scalp of a 31-year-old man with histologic features mimicking a malignant adnexal tumor...
January 25, 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168635/imaging-of-post-surgical-treatment-and-of-related-complications-in-spinal-trauma
#4
REVIEW
F Caranci, G Leone, L Ugga, E Cesarano, R Capasso, S Schipani, A Bianco, P Fonio, F Briganti, L Brunese
Spinal trauma is a devastating event with a high morbidity and mortality. The rationale of imaging is to diagnose the traumatic abnormalities and characterize the type of injury, to estimate the severity of the lesions, to evaluate the potential spinal instability. In case of spinal instability, the goals of operative treatment are decompression of the spinal cord canal and stabilization of the disrupted vertebral column. Particularly, diagnostic imaging, mainly by CT and MR, has a main role in the post-treatment evaluation...
February 6, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168341/excision-of-an-anterior-intradural-arachnoid-cyst-of-the-cervical-spine-through-central-corpectomy-approach
#5
Pratyush Shrestha, Prateek Shrestha, Upendra Prasad Devkota
Anterior cervical intradural arachnoid cyst is a rare entity which has been mostly approached posteriorly, commonly resulting in incomplete resection. Incomplete resection is associated with recurrence; hence, we describe the anterior central corpectomy approach with complete neurologic recovery in a twenty year old with an anterior cervical intradural arachnoid cyst in front of the third and fourth cervical vertebra, who had presented with spastic quadriparesis.
February 6, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162456/-228-which-chronic-back-pain-patients-have-arachnoiditis
#6
F Tennant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146294/shunt-tube-placement-for-amelioration-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-flow-obstruction-caused-by-spinal-cord-subarachnoid-fibrosis-in-dogs
#7
Ilyssa L Meren, Jessica A Chavera, Cody J Alcott, Andrew K Barker, Nick D Jeffery
OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel technique for ameliorating cerebrospinal fluid flow obstruction secondary to pia-arachnoid fibrosis in dogs and report outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive report and retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Dogs with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow obstruction (n = 7). METHODS: Medical records were searched for dogs that had a subarachnoid-subarachnoid shunt placed for treatment of CSF flow obstruction...
February 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144849/biocompatible-bacterial-cellulose-membrane-in-dural-defect-repair-of-rat
#8
Frederico de Melo Tavares de Lima, Flávia Cristina Morone Pinto, Belmira Lara da Silveira Andrade-da-Costa, Jaiurte Gomes Martins da Silva, Olávio Campos Júnior, José Lamartine de Andrade Aguiar
Duraplasty is necessary in nearly 30% of all neurological surgeries. Different tissues and materials have been evaluated in dura mater repair or as dural substitutes in neurosurgery. The aim was to evaluate the biocompatibility of the bacterial cellulose (BC) membranes, produced from sugarcane molasses, for dural defect repair in rats. Forty adults males Wistar rats divided into two groups: a control (ePTFE) and an experimental (BC). Bilateral frontoparietal craniectomy was performed, and a dural defect was created...
March 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137543/brain-tumor-interface-dissection-technique-with-surgical-blade-from-laboratory-to-neurosurgical-operating-room
#9
Survendra Kumar R Rai, Cristina Mancarella, Atul H Goel
BACKGROUND: Ideal tumor resection requires brain/ spinal cord tumor interface separation in perfect and precise surgical plane within few micrometers for radical tumor resection and maximum normal tissue preservation. Despite the availability of several dissection techniques, search for additional alternatives and an ideal technique continues. We evaluated the feasibility and advantages of dissection using number 15- blade scalpel in special brain tumor surgery situation. We developed a leaf model wherein its outer layer is progressively dissected from its inner skeleton using scalpel...
January 27, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134648/symptomatic-trigeminal-neuralgia-caused-by-cerebellopontine-angle-tumors
#10
Pengfei Liu, Chenlong Liao, Wenxiang Zhong, Min Yang, Shiting Li, Wenchuan Zhang
To investigate the characteristics of symptomatic trigeminal neuralgia (TN) caused by tumors and the relationship between anatomicosurgical findings and tumor type, the authors undertook a retrospective review of 35 patients with symptomatic TN between 2006 and 2015. The tumors included 16 meningiomas, 14 epidermoids, 4 vestibular schwannomas, and 1 hemangioblastoma. The studies show that patients with tumor-induced TN were significantly younger than those idiopathic TN (P <0.05). Meningioma-induced TN tended to have responsible vessels, while epidermoid tumor seemed to cause TN by wrapping or compressing the nerve...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125522/post-traumatic-spinal-hygroma-causing-cord-compression-in-type-iii-odontoid-fracture-with-vertical-atlanto-axial-instability
#11
Salvatore Russo, Antonio Belli, Andy Eynon, Ali Nader-Sepahi
STUDY DESIGN: Case-Report OBJECTIVE.: To report the first case in the literature of a traumatic cervical spine subdural cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collection (hygroma) under tension causing cord compression. We suggest etio-pathogenesis and modality of treatment. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Hygromas are subdural cranial CSF collection. A literature review showed no previous published case of post-traumatic spinal hygroma. This was a potential life threatening sequelae of a high cervical injury that warranted early diagnosis and emergency treatment...
January 25, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120066/myelomeningocele-repair-surgical-management-based-on-a-30-year-experience
#12
Pier Paolo Mattogno, Luca Massimi, Giampiero Tamburrini, Paolo Frassanito, Concezio Di Rocco, Massimo Caldarelli
BACKGROUND: Myelomeningocele (MMC) is a rare but severe spinal defect resulting from a failed neurulation process. Surgical repair is a delicate procedure that needs accurate neuroanatomical knowledge and adequate surgical planning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors report on the main problems of the surgical management of this type of dysraphism. The technique used for reconstruction, and the management strategies, are analyzed according to the authors' experience with more than 600 cases, in comparison with the relevant literature...
2017: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115269/stretching-of-roots-contributes-to-the-pathophysiology-of-radiculopathies
#13
Jean-Marie Berthelot, Jean-Denis Laredo, Christelle Darrieutort-Laffite, Yves Maugars
PURPOSE: To perform a synthesis of articles addressing the role of stretching on roots in the pathophysiology of radiculopathy. METHODS: Review of relevant articles on this topic available in the PubMed database. RESULTS: An intraoperative microscopy study of patients with sciatica showed that in all patients the hernia was adherent to the dura mater of nerve roots. During the SLR (Lasègue's) test, the limitation of nerve root movement occurs by periradicular adhesive tissue, and temporary ischemic changes in the nerve root induced by the root stretching cause transient conduction disturbances...
January 20, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093510/de-novo-formation-of-a-symptomatic-arachnoid-cyst-in-an-adult
#14
George M Ibrahim, Naif M Alotaibi, Nir Lipsman, Farshad Nassiri, Leodante da Costa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065963/complications-of-in-patient-cerebral-angiography-comparison-between-patients-with-and-without-sub-arachnoid-haemorrhage
#15
Yaseen Rauf, Usman Tariq Siddiqui, Gohar Javed
OBJECTIVE: To compare complications of cerebral angiography among patients with and without subarachnoid haemorrhage. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised records of patients undergoing inpatient therapeutic and diagnostic cerebral angiographies from 2001 to 2010. The patients were divided into subarachnoid and non-subarachnoid haemorrhage groups. During the study period no modifications were made to the operational protocol and all patients were subjected to the same procedure and prophylactic care...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065876/three-dimensional-anatomy-of-the-white-matter-fibers-of-the-temporal-lobe-surgical-implications
#16
L Pescatori, M P Tropeano, A Manfreda, R Delfini, A Santoro
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work is to describe in detail the complex three-dimensional organization of the white matter of the temporal lobe and discuss the surgical implications of the approaches to lesions located into the mesial temporal region and within the temporal horn and the atrium of the lateral ventricles. METHODS: Sixteen human cerebral hemispheres fixed in a 10% formalin solution for at least 40 days were studied. After removal of the arachnoid membrane, the hemispheres were frozen at -15 C° for at least 15 days , and the Klingler' technique which consist in the microscopic dissection and progressive identification of white matter fibers was performed...
January 5, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064327/application-of-neuroendoscopy-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-complicated-hemifacial-spasm
#17
Ming Zhi, Xiao J Lu, Qing Wang, Bing Li
OBJECTIVE: To explore the value of neuroendoscopy in surgery for primary hemifacial spasm (HFS) in patients with complicated local anatomy. METHODS: Endoscopic-assisted microvascular decompression (MVD) was performed in 42 patients with HFS with complicated local anatomy from Janurary 2008 to Janurary 2012 in our department, in the event of a significant blind spot, endoscopic exploration was performed with multi-angle 360-degree observation, including exploration of the brainstem facial nerve root exit zone (REZ) and exploration of the distal end of the nerve, and the relationships between blood vessels and nerves were carefully determined...
January 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061500/collision-tumor-composed-of-meningioma-and-cavernoma
#18
Jens Weigel, Markus Neher, Michael Schrey, Peter H Wünsch, Hans-Herbert Steiner
A true collision tumor is a rare entity composed of two histologically distinct neoplasms coinciding in the same organ. This paper reports a unique case of cerebral collision tumor consisting of two benign components. On the first hand, meningioma which is usually a benign lesion arising from the meningothelial cell in the arachnoidal membrane. On the other, cerebral cavernoma which is a well-circumscribed, benign vascular hamartoma within the brain. To our knowledge, there is no previously documented case of cerebral collision tumor consisting of two benign components...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060131/nonfunctioning-adrenocortical-carcinoma-in-pediatric-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-a-case-report-of-a-rare-multiple-primaries-combination
#19
Wafaa M Rashed, Wael Zekri, Madiha Awad, Hala Taha, Badr Abdalla, Ahmad S Alfaar
Childhood adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare tumor and its association with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is even rarer. One such case is discussed in this case report. A 3-year-old patient was concomitantly diagnosed with ALL and an initially nonmetastatic ACC. Management started by following the Total XV protocol without a window phase. Left adrenalectomy was conducted after the consolidation phase. Recurrence of a mass at the tumor bed was discovered at week 33 of the continuation phase. Reexcision was conducted, followed by the administration of an ACC protocol including cisplatin, etoposide, and doxirubicin...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060103/a-review-of-techniques-used-in-the-management-of-growing-skull-fractures
#20
Noemie Vezina, Becher Al-Halabi, Hani Shash, Roy R Dudley, Mirko S Gilardino
BACKGROUND: Growing skull fractures (GSFs) are rare complications of pediatric head trauma that comprise skull fractures associated with an underlying dural tear and an intact arachnoid membrane. They are often misdiagnosed, and delay in management can lead to progression of the disease along with its neurological sequelae. Multiple clinical reports and qualitative reviews on this entity exist. To our knowledge, this represents the largest clinical review reporting on established techniques in the management of these fractures...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
keyword
keyword
17343
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"