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Thyroid diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914141/unfavorable-course-of-subclinical-hypothyroidism-in-children-with-hashimoto-s-thyroiditis-compared-to-those-with-isolated-non-autoimmune-hyperthyrotropinemia
#1
Yun Jeong Lee, So Yoon Jung, Hae Woon Jung, So Youn Kim, Young Ah Lee, Seong Yong Lee, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang
Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is a common problem in pediatric population, and the natural history of SCH varies depending on its etiology. Whether Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) negatively affects the natural course of SCH was investigated in pediatric patients without concomitant diseases. Predictors for levothyroxine medication were also evaluated. Medical records of 109 children with SCH (91 girls, 5?18 years) diagnosed between 2005 and 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were classified into HT (n = 37) and isolated non-autoimmune hyperthyrotropinemia (iso-NAHT, n = 72)...
January 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913752/expression-and-bioactivity-of-human-alpha-fetoprotein-in-a-bac-to-bac-system
#2
Bo Lin, Kun Liu, Wenting Wang, Wei Li, Xu Dong, Yi Chen, Yan Lu, Junli Guo, Mingyue Zhu, Mengsen Li
Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is an early serum growth factor in fetal embryonic development and hepatic oncogenesis. A growing number of investigations of AFP as a tumor-specific biomarker have concluded that AFP is an important target for cancer treatment. AFP also plays an immunomodulatory role in the treatment of several autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, and thyroiditis. In an effort to support biochemical screening and drug design and discovery, we attempted to express and purify human AFP in a Bac-to-Bac system...
December 2, 2016: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913646/critical-differences-between-induced-and-spontaneous-mouse-models-of-graves-disease-with-implications-for-antigen-specific-immunotherapy-in-humans
#3
Basil Rapoport, Bianca Banuelos, Holly A Aliesky, Nicole Hartwig Trier, Sandra M McLachlan
Graves' hyperthyroidism, a common autoimmune disease caused by pathogenic autoantibodies to the thyrotropin (TSH) receptor (TSHR), can be treated but not cured. This single autoantigenic target makes Graves' disease a prime candidate for Ag-specific immunotherapy. Previously, in an induced mouse model, injecting TSHR A-subunit protein attenuated hyperthyroidism by diverting pathogenic TSHR Abs to a nonfunctional variety. In this study, we explored the possibility of a similar diversion in a mouse model that spontaneously develops pathogenic TSHR autoantibodies, NOD...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913607/autoimmune-comorbidities-in-hashimoto-s-thyroiditis-different-patterns-of-association-in-adulthood-and-childhood-adolescence
#4
R M Ruggeri, F Trimarchi, G Giuffrida, R Certo, E Cama, A Campennì, A Alibrandi, F De Luca, M Wasniewska
OBJECTIVE: Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), the most common autoimmune thyroid disease at any age, is often associated with other autoimmune diseases. The present study was aimed to describe the type and frequency of non-thyroidal autoimmune diseases (NTADs) in HT patients and to delineate the clinical pattern of diseases clustering in pediatric/adolescent and adult age. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: 1053 newly diagnosed HT patients (500 adults (467 F, mean age 40...
February 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913562/relationship-between-maternal-hypoglycaemia-and-small-for-gestational-age-infants-according-to-maternal-weight-status-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-two-hospitals
#5
Satoshi Shinohara, Yuzo Uchida, Mitsuo Hirai, Shuji Hirata, Kohta Suzuki
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and low glucose challenge test (GCT) results by maternal weight status has not been examined. This study aimed to clarify the relationship between a low GCT result and small for gestational age (SGA) by maternal weight status. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study in 2 hospitals. SETTING: This study evaluated the obstetric records of women who delivered in a general community hospital and a tertiary perinatal care centre...
December 2, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913498/long-term-risk-of-second-malignancy-and-cardiovascular-disease-after-hodgkin-lymphoma-treatment
#6
Flora E van Leeuwen, Andrea K Ng
Long-term survivors of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) experience several late adverse effects of treatment, with second malignant neoplasms (SMNs) and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) being the leading causes of death in these patients. Other late effects have also been identified, such as pulmonary dysfunction, endocrinopathies (thyroid dysfunction, infertility), neck muscle atrophy, and persistent fatigue. HL survivors have two- to fourfold increased risks to develop SMNs and CVD compared with the general population...
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913397/prospective-study-of-ultraviolet-radiation-exposure-and-thyroid-cancer-risk-in-the-united-states
#7
Rachel D Zamoiski, Elizabeth K Cahoon, D Michal Freedman, Martha S Linet, Cari M Kitahara
BACKGROUND: Thyroid cancer incidence has tripled in the past three decades, yet relatively few risk factors have been identified. Some studies have suggested that ultraviolet radiation (UVR) may affect thyroid cancer risk. METHODS: We conducted a prospective analysis of 44,039 participants in the United States Radiologic Technologists study (153 thyroid cancer cases) from all 50 states. We examined the association between risk of thyroid cancer and exposure to UVR, estimated by ambient UVR, time outdoors, and a combined variable...
December 2, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911447/the-enlarged-extraocular-muscle-to-relax-reflect-or-refer
#8
F Shafi, P Mathewson, P Mehta, H S Ahluwalia
PurposeExtraocular muscle enlargement (EOME) is most commonly associated with thyroid eye disease, but there are other causes. We report our outcomes of investigating and managing non-thyroid-related EOME (NTR-EOME).MethodsRetrospective consecutive case series. Sixteen patients identified by clinical features and orbital imaging. Patient demographics, radiological features, and adjuvant tests including biopsy and final diagnosis were recorded.ResultsMean age at presentation 59.3 years (range 24-89 years). Mean follow-up 3...
December 2, 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911423/-core-principles-of-treatment-of-corneal-damage-in-patients-with-thyroid-eye-disease
#9
Ya O Grusha, D S Ismailova, L V Sherstneva
AIM: To develop a therapeutic approach and to estimate the efficiency of complex treatment of corneal damage in patients with thyroid eye disease (TED). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study enrolled 44 patients (52 eyes) divided into 2 groups depending on the severity of corneal damage. Treatment of those with severe involvement included pathogenetic measures (pulse steroid therapy and/or radiation therapy) and surgery (orbital decompression, eyelid and corneal surgery)...
2016: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910944/thyroid-sclerosing-mucoepidermoid-carcinoma-with-eosinophilia-a-clinicopathologic-and-molecular-analysis-of-a-distinct-entity
#10
Akeesha A Shah, Kristin La Fortune, Caitlyn Miller, Stacey E Mills, Zubair Baloch, Virginia LiVolsi, Sanja Dacic, Alyssa L Mahaffey, Marina Nikiforova, Yuri E Nikiforov, Raja R Seethala
Sclerosing mucoepidermoid carcinoma with eosinophilia is a rare thyroid neoplasm of uncertain pathogenesis that resembles salivary gland mucoepidermoid carcinoma. This multi-institutional study characterizes the clinicopathologic and molecular features of this tumor by utilizing next-generation sequencing to assess common mutations and gene fusions involved in thyroid carcinogenesis as well as fluorescence in-situ hybridization for MAML2 translocations typical of salivary gland mucoepidermoid carcinoma. Nine cases (6 females and 3 males, mean age: 59 years, range 30-77 years) were identified...
December 2, 2016: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909769/evaluation-of-131-i-scintigraphy-and-stimulated-thyroglobulin-levels-in-the-follow-up-of-patients-with-dtc-a-retrospective-analysis-of-1420-patients
#11
Jose Manuel Gonzalez Carvalho, Dennis Görlich, Otmar Schober, Christian Wenning, Burkhard Riemann, Frederik Anton Verburg, Alexis Vrachimis
AIM: To study the clinical yield of diagnostic whole body (131)I scintigraphy (DxWBS) in the follow-up of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) patients in relation to stimulated thyroglobulin (sTg) in the initial post-ablation setting, as well as in the setting of repeated monitoring in course of further DTC follow-up. METHODS: Data of 1420 thyroidectomized and radioiodine remnant-ablated DTC patients following a well-defined therapy and standardized follow-up protocol were evaluated...
December 1, 2016: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908924/excess-weight-as-a-risk-factor-common-to-many-cancer-sites-words-of-caution-when-interpreting-meta-analytic-evidence
#12
Melina Arnold, Andrew G Renehan, Graham A Colditz
For over a decade, excess body weight, commonly categorized as overweight (body mass index, BMI: 25.0 to 29.9 kg/m2) and obesity (BMI: ≥ 30 kg/m2) has been an established incidence risk factor for several adult cancers (1). For 2012, the burden of disease attributed to elevated BMI was estimated as nearly half-million new cancers worldwide, making this the third highest ranked cancer risk factor globally after smoking and infections (ranked second in most western populations) and an important public health problem (2, 3)...
December 1, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908820/true-aneurysm-of-the-inferior-thyroid-artery-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Luigi Venturini, Paolo Sapienza, Raffaele Grande, Valerio Scarano Catanzaro, Fabrizio Fanelli, Luca di Marzo
Aneurysms of the inferior thyroid artery (ITA) are extremely rare and potentially determine severe sequelae. We report a case of true ITA aneurysm in a 45-year old Caucasian woman treated with endovascular embolization; postoperative course was uneventful and, at 6-month follow-up, the aneurysm is completely thrombized. A systematic review of the literature has been also performed to identify the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics and diagnostic and operative options of this disease. Size alone is not able to predict the fate of the aneurysm and an aggressive treatment seems to be justified because of the high risk of complications in case of rupture...
November 28, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906893/an-internist-s-approach-to-cancer-diseases-based-on-the-model-of-thyroid-cancer-treated-with-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitors
#14
Jolanta Krajewska, Barbara Jarząb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2016: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906879/presence-of-organ%C3%A2-specific-antibodies-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis
#15
Ewa Wielosz, Maria Majdan, Arkadiusz Koszarny, Magdalena Dryglewska, Jacek Tabarkiewicz
INTRODUCTION According to the literature, organ‑specific antibodies may be present in the course of systemic sclerosis (SSc). OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of antithyroid antibodies (antithyroid peroxidase antibodies [anti‑TPO] and antithyroglobulin antibodies) and of antimitochondrial antibodies (AMAs), as well as to evaluate their clinical significance in patients with SSc. PATIENTS AND METHODS The study involved 86 consecutive in‑hospital patients with SSc (32 patients with diffuse cutaneous SSc [dcSSc] and 54 with limited cutaneous SSc [lcSSc])...
October 5, 2016: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906181/stat6-deficiency-ameliorates-graves-disease-severity-by-suppressing-thyroid-epithelial-cell-hyperplasia
#16
Xuechao Jiang, Bingbing Zha, Xiaoming Liu, Ronghua Liu, Jun Liu, Enyu Huang, Tingting Qian, Jiajing Liu, Zhiming Wang, Dan Zhang, Luman Wang, Yiwei Chu
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6) is involved in epithelial cell growth. However, little is known regarding the STAT6 phosphorylation status in Graves' disease (GD) and its role in thyroid epithelial cells (TECs). In this study, we found that STAT6 phosphorylation (p-STAT6) was significantly increased in TECs from both GD patients and experimental autoimmune Graves' disease mice and that STAT6 deficiency ameliorated GD symptoms. Autocrine IL-4 signalling in TECs activated the phosphorylation of STAT6 via IL-4 R engagement, and the downstream targets of STAT6 were Bcl-xL and cyclin D1...
December 1, 2016: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905199/high-prevalence-of-anti-tsh-receptor-antibody-in-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#17
Kenya Nishioka, Toyoyoshi Uchida, Chie Usui, Ryota Tanaka, Takashi Matsushima, Yoshifuji Matsumoto, Ikuro Nakamura, Kusuki Nishioka, Nobutaka Hattori
AIM: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is defined as chronic widespread pain that cannot be accounted for by any other medical disorder. Our aim was to explore the prevalence of thyroid autoimmunity in patients with FMS. METHODS: For determining thyroid function in 207 FMS patients, we tested for the titers of free tri-iodothyronine, free thyroxine, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb), anti-thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) and anti-TSH receptor antibody (TRAb)...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904656/the-berlin-treatment-algorithm-recommendations-for-tailored-innovative-therapeutic-strategies-for-multiple-sclerosis-related-fatigue
#18
REVIEW
Christian Veauthier, Helge Hasselmann, Stefan M Gold, Friedemann Paul
More than 80% of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients suffer from fatigue. Despite this, there are few therapeutic options and evidence-based pharmacological treatments are lacking. The associated societal burden is substantial (MS fatigue is a major reason for part-time employment or early retirement), and at least one out of four MS patients view fatigue as the most burdensome symptom of their disease. The mechanisms underlying MS-related fatigue are poorly understood, and objective criteria for distinguishing and evaluating levels of fatigue and tiredness have not yet been developed...
2016: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903390/-current-status-of-antiarrhythmic-drug-use-and-safety-assessment-in-chinese-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#19
R He, X Du, S W Liu, L J Sun, Y Li, H Zeng, Y Y Li, C Sun, Y Zhang, C S Ma, W Gao
Objective: To investigate the current status of antiarrhythmic drugs (AADs) use in Chinese patients with atrial fibrillation(AF) and assess the safety of AADs in this patient cohort. Methods: From January 2011 to December 2013, a total of 4 008 AF patients treated with AADs was enrolled in this study and patients were followed up for 24 months. Detailed information of prescribed drug, the causes of drug discontinuation and side effects were recorded. Results: Amiodarone was prescribed to 64.3%(2 579 cases) and propafenone to 31...
November 24, 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902589/serum-thyroglobulin-reference-intervals-in-regions-with-adequate-and-more-than-adequate-iodine-intake
#20
Zhaojun Wang, Hanyi Zhang, Xiaowen Zhang, Jie Sun, Cheng Han, Chenyan Li, Yongze Li, Xiaochun Teng, Chenling Fan, Aihua Liu, Zhongyan Shan, Chao Liu, Jianping Weng, Weiping Teng
The purpose of this study was to establish normal thyroglobulin (Tg) reference intervals (RIs) in regions with adequate and more than adequate iodine intake according to the National Academy of Clinical Biochemistry (NACB) guidelines and to investigate the relationships between Tg and other factors.A total of 1317 thyroid disease-free adult subjects (578 men, 739 nonpregnant women) from 2 cities (Guangzhou and Nanjing) were enrolled in this retrospective, observational study. Each subject completed a questionnaire and underwent physical and ultrasonic examination...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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