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Suhailah Ali, Heather Skirton, Maria T Clark, Craig Donaldson
Population-based screening programs have resulted in minimizing mortality and morbidity from cervical cancer. The aim of this integrative review was to explore the factors influencing access of women from Western Asian and Middle Eastern Arab countries to cervical cancer screening. A systematic search for studies conducted in Arab countries in those regions, and published in English between January 2002 and January 2017, was undertaken. Thirteen papers were selected and subjected to quality appraisal. A three step analysis was used, which involved a summary of the evidence, analysis of both quantitative and qualitative data, and integration of the results in narrative form...
October 23, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
Amanda D Timmers, Meredith L Chivers
The current study examined men's sexual responses to relationship context. Chivers and Timmers (2012) previously reported that heterosexual men's genital and self-reported sexual arousal varied by gender but not relationship context, suggesting that gender cues are more salient determinants of sexual response than relationship context cues for men. Those analyses were, however, significantly underpowered to detect relationship context effects (n = 9). The current study utilized the same paradigm as Chivers and Timmers' study, exposing a larger sample of heterosexual men (n = 26) to audio narratives describing sexual interactions that varied by partner gender (man, woman) and relationship context (stranger, friend, long-term relationship), and observing effects on genital and self-reported sexual response...
October 20, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Angelos Daniilidis, Nikolaos Panteleris, Efthymia Vlachaki, Christian Breymann, Efstratios Assimakopoulos
The management of iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) consists of oral or intravenous administration of iron supplements. The aim of this narrative review is to summarise information regarding the treatment of IDA in women who have postpartum anaemia or uterine bleeding with intravenous (IV) or oral iron supplements. Fourteen randomised control studies comparing IV to oral iron treatment for IDA in 2913 women with uterine bleeding or postpartum haemorrhage are included. All reviewed studies suggest that IV iron administration is important in treating the IDA in such women and in improving their physical performance and quality of life...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
J J Wu, S R Feldman, J Koo, L B Marangell
The occurrence of mental health comorbidities such as depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation or behavior is not uncommon in the context of psoriasis. The negative influence of psoriatic disease on a patient's physical and mental well-being, in combination with overlapping pathophysiology, increase the risk for clinically significant psychiatric conditions. These psychiatric conditions, in turn, influence the patient's outlook and, potentially, prognosis. Although the healthcare community increasingly recognizes the association of mental health comorbidities with psoriasis, the extent of the correlation is not fully appreciated...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
Amanda Palazzo, Joost M Vervoort, Daniel Mason-D'Croz, Lucas Rutting, Petr Havlík, Shahnila Islam, Jules Bayala, Hugo Valin, Hamé Abdou Kadi Kadi, Philip Thornton, Robert Zougmore
The climate change research community's shared socioeconomic pathways (SSPs) are a set of alternative global development scenarios focused on mitigation of and adaptation to climate change. To use these scenarios as a global context that is relevant for policy guidance at regional and national levels, they have to be connected to an exploration of drivers and challenges informed by regional expertise. In this paper, we present scenarios for West Africa developed by regional stakeholders and quantified using two global economic models, GLOBIOM and IMPACT, in interaction with stakeholder-generated narratives and scenario trends and SSP assumptions...
July 2017: Global Environmental Change: Human and Policy Dimensions
Marta De Santis, Laura Contalbrigo, Marta Borgi, Francesca Cirulli, Fabio Luzi, Veronica Redaelli, Annalisa Stefani, Marica Toson, Rosangela Odore, Cristina Vercelli, Emanuela Valle, Luca Farina
Equine assisted interventions (EAIs) are recently facing an increasing popularity, and are characterized by a wide diversity of practices. However, information on the welfare of animals involved in this kind of activity is often lacking. Horses are highly susceptible to work stressors related to physical constraints and/or to the need to control emotions while interacting with humans. Considerations of the emotional state of horses involved in EAIs have multiple valences: for the safety of humans and animals involved, for the quality and efficacy of interventions, as well as for ethical reasons...
September 8, 2017: Veterinary Sciences
Teresa K Woodruff
A cancer diagnosis at a young age creates one of the most existential crises one can imagine. The good news is that for many of these young patients, they will survive their diagnosis. They will be told of the side effects of treatment including loss of hair but will not be told of the other losses associated with their reproductive function-loss of menstrual cycles, early menopause and the potential for pregnancy for women, loss of viable sperm for men, and loss of sexual libido in both cases. Not all cancer treatments result in the same series of fertility effects so one of the issues that physicians face is determining what the best course of fertility sparing options should be...
2017: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
Bryan A Sisk
Having children is a deeply held desire for many people. After a cancer diagnosis, fertility is often threatened by cancer treatments. The choice to pursue fertility preservation often necessitates a delay in starting cancer treatment which may negatively impact the patient. Fertility decisions are laden with heavy emotional burden and multiple ethical challenges. The narratives in this symposium provide rich emotional context, including allusions to failure, loss, guilt, fear, anger, hope, and acceptance. Given the important role of emotion in moral reasoning, exploration of these emotions supports further discussion of ethical challenges...
2017: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
Alexandra Yi, Grazia De Michele, Maggie Woodlief, Mary Fauvre, Renecha Abrams, Rijon Charne, Tarah D Warren, Bryan Ettinger, Robert Curran, Maggie Rogers, Bailey Hoffner, J J Brown, Ashley D Schmuke, Pamela Mackey, John Frye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
Ana S Iltis
This symposium includes 12 personal narratives from individuals who have faced a cancer diagnosis-either their own or their child's-where the disease itself, or their treatment, threatened future fertility. Three additional stories are available in the online supplement. Three commentaries on these narratives are written by an expert in oncofertility, a healthcare ethicist, and a pediatrician completing a fellowship in hematology/oncology. The observations and insights these authors share underscore the importance of addressing fertility loss and preservation early in the cancer journey...
2017: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
Patchareeya Kwan, Melanie Sabado-Liwag, Cevadne Lee, Jonathan Lepule, Victor Pang, James Pike, Lola Santos, Sora Tanjasiri, Tupou Toilolo, Vanessa Tui One May, Dorothy Schmidt-Vaivao, Paula Palmer
BACKGROUND: Pacific Islanders (PIs) have one of the highest rates of cigarette use, but evidence-based smoking cessation programs designed specifically for PIs are practically nonexistent. OBJECTIVES: This paper reports on the development of a culturally tailored smoking cessation curriculum designed specifically for young adult PIs using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach. This paper demonstrates the shared leadership and equal contribution of community and academic partnerships...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
Caroline J Falconer, Penny Cutting, E Bethan Davies, Chris Hollis, Paul Stallard, Paul Moran
BACKGROUND: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterised by severe instability in emotions, identity, relationships and impulsive behaviour. One contributing factor to BPD is deficient mentalizing-our ability to understand the mental states of others and ourselves. Psychotherapies can be effective at reducing symptoms of BPD but effects are small. Innovative ways of enhancing existing therapies are therefore essential. OBJECTIVE: In a mixed-methods, feasibility and acceptability study, we adjuncted conventional mentalization-based treatment (MBT) for BPD with avatar software (avatar-MBT)...
October 22, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
Marienke van Middelkoop, Kim L Bennell, Michael J Callaghan, Natalie J Collins, Philip G Conaghan, Kay M Crossley, Joost J F A Eijkenboom, Rianne A van der Heijden, Rana S Hinman, David J Hunter, Duncan E Meuffels, Kathryn Mills, Edwin H G Oei, Jos Runhaar, Dieuwke Schiphof, Joshua J Stefanik, Sita M A Bierma-Zeinstra
OBJECTIVE: To present the current status of knowledge in the field of patellofemoral (PF) osteoarthritis (OA) and formulate a research agenda in order to guide future research on this topic. DESIGN: A 1-day meeting was organized with the aim to bring together international experts in the field to discuss the current state of knowledge on PF OA. Experts from multiple disciplines were invited based on their scientific publications in the field of PF OA and interest in the subject...
September 23, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
Berna C Özdemir, Arlene O Siefker-Radtke, Matthew T Campbell, Sumit K Subudhi
CONTEXT: Immunotherapies promote anticancer responses with varying levels of success based on the tumor type. OBJECTIVE: In this narrative review article, we searched the literature regarding immunotherapies in genitourinary malignancies to define the state of the field, explore future applications of immune checkpoint inhibitors, cytokines, vaccines, and cellular therapies in urological oncology and evaluate possible strategies to improve the selection of patients who might benefit from such approaches...
October 19, 2017: European Urology Focus
Alison Cooke, Carol Bedwell, Malcolm Campbell, Linda McGowan, Steven J Ersser, Tina Lavender
OBJECTIVES: to identify what skin practices are important for the protection of baby skin in healthy term babies (0-6 months) and generate evidence-based conclusions to inform health professionals and parents. DESIGN: eleven databases were searched for all empirical quantitative and qualitative research published between 2000-2015 which explored baby skin care for bathing and cleansing, nappy care, hair and scalp care, management of dry skin or baby massage, for healthy term babies up to 6 months old...
October 6, 2017: Midwifery
Teresa Leahy, Mohammed Elseed, Timothy J Counihan
BACKGROUND: The term "Clinically Isolated Syndrome" (CIS) was introduced to describe a first clinical neurologic episode suggestive of an inflammatory demyelinating CNS disorder. Thereafter, the risk of developing clinically definite multiple sclerosis ranges from 20% to 80%, depending on a number of prognostic factors. Although the concept of CIS has been an important component in improving our understanding of risk levels in Multiple Sclerosis and prognosis, communicating uncertainty in this context remains a challenge for both patients and their clinicians...
October 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Erin M Bergner, Emily K Cornish, Kenay Horne, Derek M Griffith
OBJECTIVE: Being an African American man is a risk factor for prostate cancer and there is little consensus about the utility of screening, early detection, and the efficacy of treatment for the disease. In this context, this systematic review examines the roles women, particularly wives, play in African American men's prostate cancer screening and treatment decision-making. METHODS: We searched OVID Medline (R), CINAHL (EBSCO), PsychInfo (EBSCO), PubMED, Cochrane Library, ERIC (Firstsearch) and Web of Science to identify peer-review articles published between 1980-2016 that reported qualitative data about prostate cancer screening, diagnosis, or treatment in African American men...
October 21, 2017: Psycho-oncology
Sheri L Price, Linda McGillis Hall, Gail Tomblin Murphy, Bridget Pierce
This article describes findings from one stage of a longitudinal study of the professional socialization experiences of Millennial nurses as they prepared for graduation and transition to practice. This study employed an interpretive narrative methodology guided by Polkinghorne's theory of narrative identity. Analysis of face-to-face interviews and journal entries by Millennial nursing students uncovered the formal professional socialization experiences over four years of nursing education. Participants include six Millennial nursing student participants (born after 1980) interviewed approximately one-month aftergraduation...
October 7, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
Norsyazwani Mohammad, Emilia Zainal Abidin, Vivien How, Sarva Mangala Praveena, Zailina Hashim
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that pesticide production and use have increased continuously in the countries of Southeast Asia in recent years. Within the context of protecting the safety and health of workers in the agricultural sector, there is an existing gap in the implementation of the pesticide management framework because safety and health effects arising from occupational exposures continue to be reported. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to provide narrative similarities, differences and weaknesses of the existing pesticide management system in Southeast Asian countries (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam) within the context of occupational safety and health...
October 21, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
Simon Carley, Iain Beardsell, Natalie May, Liz Crowe, Janos Baombe, Alan Grayson, Richard Carden, Ashley Liebig, Chris Gray, Ross Fisher, Daniel Horner, Laura Howard, Richard Body
BACKGROUND: Clinicians are increasingly using social media for professional development and education. In 2012, we developed the St.Emlyn's blog, an open access resource dedicated to providing free education in the field of emergency medicine. OBJECTIVE: To describe the development and growth of this international emergency medicine blog. METHOD: We present a narrative description of the development of St.Emlyn's blog. Data on scope, impact and engagement were extracted from WordPress, Twitter and Google Analytics...
October 20, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
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