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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437247/does-the-location-of-a-narrative-comment-section-affect-feedback-on-a-lecture-evaluation-form
#1
Joseph R Pare, Abbas H Kothari, Jeffrey I Schneider, Gabrielle A Jacquet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436924/harnessing-the-promise-of-moral-distress-a-call-for-re-orientation
#2
Alisa Carse, Cynda Hylton Rushton
Despite over three decades of research into the sources and costs of what has become an "epidemic" of moral distress among healthcare professionals, spanning many clinical disciplines and roles, there has been little significant progress in effectively addressing moral distress. We believe the persistent sense of frustration, helplessness, and despair still dominating the clinical moral distress narrative signals a need for re-orientation in the way moral distress is understood and worked with. Most fundamentally, moral distress reveals moral investment and energy...
2017: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436686/sparking-thinking-studying-modern-precision-medicine-will-accelerate-the-progression-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-patterns
#3
Bao-Cheng Liu, Guang Ji
Incorporating "-omics" studies with environmental interactions could help elucidate the biological mechanisms responsible for Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) patterns. Based on the authors' own experiences, this review outlines a model of an ideal combination of "-omics" biomarkers, environmental factors, and TCM pattern classifications; provides a narrative review of the relevant genetic and TCM studies; and lists several successful integrative examples. Two integration tools are briefly introduced. The first is the integration of modern devices into objective diagnostic methods of TCM patterning, which would improve current clinical decision-making and practice...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436390/biomarkers-for-early-diagnosis-of%C3%A2-alzheimer-s-disease-in-the-oldest-old-yes-or-no
#4
Lucia Paolacci, David Giannandrea, Patrizia Mecocci, Lucilla Parnetti
In recent years, many efforts have been spent to identify sensitive biomarkers able to improve the accuracy of Alzheimer's disease (AD) diagnosis. Two different workgroups (NIA-AA and IWG) included cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and neuroimaging findings in their sets of criteria in order to improve diagnostic accuracy as well as early diagnosis. The number of subjects with cognitive impairment increases with aging but the oldest old (≥85 years of age), the fastest growing age group, is still the most unknown from a biological point of view...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435906/low-back-pain-in-older-adults-risk-factors-management-options-and-future-directions
#5
REVIEW
Arnold Yl Wong, Jaro Karppinen, Dino Samartzis
Low back pain (LBP) is one of the major disabling health conditions among older adults aged 60 years or older. While most causes of LBP among older adults are non-specific and self-limiting, seniors are prone to develop certain LBP pathologies and/or chronic LBP given their age-related physical and psychosocial changes. Unfortunately, no review has previously summarized/discussed various factors that may affect the effective LBP management among older adults. Accordingly, the objectives of the current narrative review were to comprehensively summarize common causes and risk factors (modifiable and non-modifiable) of developing severe/chronic LBP in older adults, to highlight specific issues in assessing and treating seniors with LBP, and to discuss future research directions...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435474/the-vision-of-industrie-4-0-in-the-making-a-case-of-future-told-tamed-and-traded
#6
Sabine Pfeiffer
Since industrial trade fair Hannover Messe 2011, the term "Industrie 4.0" has ignited a vision of a new Industrial Revolution and has been inspiring a lively, ongoing debate among the German public about the future of work, and hence society, ever since. The discourse around this vision of the future eventually spread to other countries, with public awareness reaching a temporary peak in 2016 when the World Economic Forum's meeting in Davos was held with the motto "Mastering the Fourth Industrial Revolution...
2017: Nanoethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435337/treatment-strategies-for-the-female-athlete-triad-in-the-adolescent-athlete-current-perspectives
#7
REVIEW
Jill Thein-Nissenbaum, Erin Hammer
Since the passage of Title IX in 1972, female sports participation has dramatically increased. The benefits of physical activity, including decreased risk for heart disease and diabetes as well as improved body image and self-esteem, far outweigh the risks. However, a select population of adolescent and young adult females may experience symptoms related to the female athlete triad (Triad), which refers to the interrelatedness of energy availability, menstrual function, and bone mineral density (BMD). These conditions often manifest clinically as disordered eating behaviors, menstrual irregularity, and stress fractures; an individual may suffer from 1 or all of the Triad components simultaneously...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435336/anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-reinjury-in-alpine-ski-racing-a-narrative-review
#8
REVIEW
Matthew J Jordan, Per Aagaard, Walter Herzog
The purpose of the present review was to: 1) provide an overview of the current understanding on the epidemiology, etiology, risk factors, and prevention methods for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in alpine ski racing; and 2) provide an overview of what is known pertaining to ACL reinjury and return to sport after ACL injury in alpine ski racing. Given that most of the scientific studies on ACL injuries in alpine ski racing have been descriptive, and that very few studies contributed higher level scientific evidence, a nonsystematic narrative review was employed...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434984/the-nonpalpable-testis-a-narrative-review
#9
REVIEW
Courtney L Shepard, Kate H Kraft
PURPOSE: While the nonpalpable testis represents only a small portion of all cryptorchid testes, it remains a clinical challenge for pediatric urologists. Many controversies about the best evaluation and management exist. This narrative review serves as an update on what is known about the nonpalpable testis: etiology, pre-operative evaluation, the best surgical management, novel techniques, and ongoing controversies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Pubmed® and MEDLINE® search limited to January 2000 to January 2017 was performed using relevant key terms...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434795/near-eastern-plant-domestication-a-history-of-thought
#10
REVIEW
Shahal Abbo, Avi Gopher
The Agricultural Revolution and plant domestication in the Near East (among its components) have fascinated generations of scholars. Here, we narrate the history of ideas underlying plant domestication research since the late 19th century. Biological and cultural perspectives are presented through two prevailing models: one views plant domestication as a protracted, unconscious evolutionary mutualistic (noncentric) process. The second advocates a punctuated, knowledge-based human initiative (centric). We scrutinize the research landscape while assessing the underlying evolutionary and cultural mechanisms...
April 20, 2017: Trends in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434476/a-qualitative-approach-exploring-the-acceptability-of-yoga-for-minorities-living-with-arthritis-where-are-the-people-who-look-like-me
#11
Kimberly R Middleton, Miriam Magaña López, Steffany Haaz Moonaz, Gladys Tataw-Ayuketah, Michael M Ward, Gwenyth R Wallen
OBJECTIVES: To examine the acceptability of yoga research tailored to recruit and retain a minority population (both English and Spanish speaking) with arthritis. Yoga research for arthritis often underrepresents minorities and acceptability for this population has not previously been investigated. DESIGN: Acceptability was evaluated using retention, adherence, journals, and semi-structured exit interviews from twelve participants with osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis undergoing an 8-week yoga intervention...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434414/health-technology-assessment-of-public-health-interventions-a-synthesis-of-methodological-guidance
#12
Tim Mathes, Sunya-Lee Antoine, Peggy Prengel, Stefanie Bühn, Stephanie Polus, Dawid Pieper
OBJECTIVES: The evaluation of public health interventions poses some challenges. As a consequence, health technology assessment (HTA) methods for public health interventions (PHI) have to be adapted. This study aimed to summarize the available guidance on methods for HTA of PHI. METHODS: We systematically searched for methodological guidance on HTA of PHIs. Our focus was on research synthesis methods to evaluate effectiveness. Relevant information was synthesized narratively in a standardized way...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433961/harnessing-the-medical-humanities-for-experiential-learning
#13
Satendra Singh, Purnima Barua, Upreet Dhaliwal, Navjeevan Singh
A month-long workshop on medical humanities was held in the Jorhat Medical College, Assam in September 2015. It employed experiential learning (both online and onsite) using humanities tools, such as the theatre of the oppressed, art, literature, reflective narratives, movies, the history of medicine, graphic medicine, poetry and diversity studies. As a result of the interactions, 28 volunteer participants, comprising students and faculty members, wrote reflective narratives on doctor​-patient relationships, produced a newsletter and a logo for their medical humanities group, and staged cultural performances and forum theatre...
March 29, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433892/longitudinal-associations-between-the-use-of-sexually-explicit-material-and-adolescents-attitudes-and-behaviors-a-narrative-review-of-studies
#14
Goran Koletić
This review analyzed longitudinal studies examining the effects of sexually explicit material on adolescents' attitudes, beliefs and behaviors. The review also aimed to provide an analysis of the limitations of the existing studies, as well as recommendations for future research. To be included, publications had to employ repeated measurements, include a measure of sexually explicit material use and participants aged 18 years or under. A total of 20 papers from nine different research projects were reviewed...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433830/spasticity-management-the-current-state-of-transcranial-neuromodulation
#15
REVIEW
Antonino Leo, Antonino Naro, Francesco Molonia, Provvidenza Tomasello, Ileana Saccà, Alessia Bramanti, Margherita Russo, Placido Bramanti, Angelo Quartarone, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
This narrative review aims to provide an objective view of the non-invasive neuromodulation (NINM) protocols available for treating spasticity, including repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). On the basis of the relevant randomized controlled trials, we infer that NINM is more effective in reducing spasticity when combined with the conventional therapies than used as a stand-alone treatment. However, the magnitude of NINM aftereffects depends significantly on the applied hemisphere and the underlying pathology...
April 19, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433733/factors-influencing-repeated-teenage-pregnancy-a-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Joemer C Maravilla, Kim S Betts, Camila Couto E Cruz, Rosa Alati
OBJECTIVE: Existing evidence of predictors of repeated teenage pregnancy (RTP) has not been rigorously assessed. This systematic review provides a comprehensive evaluation of protective and risk factors associated with RTP through a meta-analytical consensus. DATA SOURCES: Pubmed, EMBASE, CINAHL, ProQuest, PsychINFO, ScienceDirect, Scopus and Web of Science databases, from 1997 to 2015; and reference list of other relevant research papers and related reviews. STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Eligibility criteria included 1) epidemiological studies which analysed factors associated with repeated pregnancy or birth among adolescents under 20 years of age who were nulliparous or experienced at least one pregnancy; 2) experimental studies with an observational component adjusted for the intervention...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433615/digital-technology-for-treating-and-preventing-mental-disorders-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
John A Naslund, Kelly A Aschbrenner, Ricardo Araya, Lisa A Marsch, Jürgen Unützer, Vikram Patel, Stephen J Bartels
Few individuals living with mental disorders around the globe have access to mental health care, yet most have access to a mobile phone. Digital technology holds promise for improving access to, and quality of, mental health care. We reviewed evidence on the use of mobile, online, and other remote technologies for treatment and prevention of mental disorders in low-income and middle-income countries. Of the 49 studies identified, most were preliminary evaluations of feasibility and acceptability. The findings were promising, showing the potential effectiveness of online, text-messaging, and telephone support interventions...
April 19, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433611/preanalytical-variables-for-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-lc-ms-analysis-of-human-blood-specimens
#18
REVIEW
Gian Luca Salvagno, Elisa Danese, Giuseppe Lippi
The use of liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) for both diagnostics and research purposes is rapidly growing in clinical laboratories. As for more conventional areas of in vitro diagnostic testing, many preanalytical variables have an impact on these techniques and may hence jeopardize the quality of tests results. The leading preanalytical variables include patient preparation, the nature of the blood collection tubes and additives, interference from spurious hemolysis, sample handling and management, composition of blood tubes, contamination, as well as storage conditions...
April 19, 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433464/electronic-synoptic-reporting-assessing-the-completeness-of-synoptic-and-narrative-reports-for-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#19
Ashley Vergis, Shannon E Stogryn, Michael J Mullan, Krista Hardy
BACKGROUND: Operative reporting is the foundation of surgical communication. The quality indicators (QIs) contained in these reports can be used to document the performance of processes that affect patient care and may afford quality assurance with improvement in healthcare. OBJECTIVES: We assessed the degree to which the electronic synoptic report (SR) documents the operative QIs compared with narrative reports (NR) for Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). The time to report availability on patient chart was also identified as a secondary measure...
March 7, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432855/a-systematic-review-of-psychotherapeutic-interventions-for-women-with-metastatic-breast-cancer-context-matters
#20
REVIEW
Lisa Beatty, Emma Kemp, Phyllis Butow, Afaf Girgis, Penelope Schofield, Jane Turner, Nicholas J Hulbert-Williams, Janelle V Levesque, Bogda Koczwara
OBJECTIVES: To summarise the evidence-base of psychological interventions for women with metastatic breast cancer (MBC), by mode of delivery (group, individual, or low-intensity interventions). To synthesise data regarding core intervention-elements (e.g., intervention duration) and context factors (trial setting, uptake and adherence, demographic characteristics). METHODS: Four databases were searched (inception - May 2016): MEDLINE (OvidSP), PsycINFO (OvidSP), CINAHL (EBSCO), and SCOPUS; reference lists were examined for additional publications...
April 22, 2017: Psycho-oncology
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