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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929156/maternal-depressive-symptoms-self-focus-and-caregiving-behavior
#1
Kathryn L Humphreys, Lucy S King, Peter Choi, Ian H Gotlib
BACKGROUND: Parent-child interactions set the stage for child mental health and development. Given that maternal depressive symptoms are associated with poorer observed caregiving behaviors, examining potential cognitive mediators is important for identifying mechanisms underlying the intergenerational transmission of risk and possible targets for intervention. METHODS: We assessed depressive symptoms and levels of self-focus and psychological distancing from infant-centered verbal narratives obtained from 54 mothers, and examined caregiving behaviors in a structured interaction with their six-month-old infants...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929019/the-rehabilitation-of-advanced-heart-failure-patients-after-left-ventricular-assist-device-a-narrative-review
#2
REVIEW
Sarah M Eickmeyer, Kim D Barker, Anjum Sayyad, Leslie Rydberg
As an increasing number of patients with advanced heart failure are receiving a Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD) as either destination therapy or bridge to transplantation, there is increasing attention on functional outcomes and quality of life after LVAD implantation. Rehabilitation providers in the acute inpatient rehabilitation setting increasingly will treat patients with LVAD and should understand the exercise physiology, medical management, rehabilitation considerations, and outcomes after rehabilitation for patients with LVAD...
June 18, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928780/evaluation-of-micronutrient-sensors-for-food-matrices-in-resource-limited-settings-a-systematic-narrative-review
#3
REVIEW
Anna W Waller, Jennifer L Lotton, Shashank Gaur, Jeanette M Andrade, Juan E Andrade
In resource-limited settings, mass food fortification is a common strategy to ensure the population consumes appropriate quantities of essential micronutrients. Food and government organizations in these settings, however, lack tools to monitor the quality and compliance of fortified products and their efficacy to enhance nutrient status. The World Health Organization has developed general guidelines known as ASSURED (Affordable, Sensitive, Specific, User-friendly, Rapid and Robust, Equipment-free, and Deliverable to end-users) to aid the development of useful diagnostic tools for these settings...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928521/pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-an-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#4
REVIEW
Sarah E Jones, Ruth E Barker, Claire M Nolan, Suhani Patel, Matthew Maddocks, William D C Man
Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) are one of the most common causes of emergency hospital admission and place great burden upon healthcare systems. Furthermore, AECOPD represent an important life event for patients, and are associated with significant reductions in physical activity, skeletal muscle function, exercise tolerance and health-related quality of life. Pulmonary rehabilitation, an intervention comprising supervised exercise-training and education, may counteract these negative consequences and target modifiable risk factors for hospital readmission...
May 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928250/the-use-of-eye-movement-desensitization-reprocessing-emdr-therapy-in-treating-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-systematic-narrative-review
#5
REVIEW
Gemma Wilson, Derek Farrell, Ian Barron, Jonathan Hutchins, Dean Whybrow, Matthew D Kiernan
Aim: There is an extensive body of research examining the efficacy of Eye-Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy in treatment of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). This systematic narrative review aimed to systematically, and narratively, review robust evidence from Randomized-Controlled Trials examining the efficacy of EMDR therapy. Method: Eight databases were searched to identify studies relevant to the study aim. Two separate systematic searches of published, peer-reviewed evidence were carried out, considering relevant studies published prior to April 2017...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927711/a-systematic-review-of-asynchronous-provider-to-provider-electronic-consultation-services-to-improve-access-to-specialty-care-available-worldwide
#6
Clare Liddy, Isabella Moroz, Ariana Mihan, Nikhat Nawar, Erin Keely
BACKGROUND: Electronic consultation (eConsult) is an asynchronous electronic communication tool allowing primary care providers to obtain a specialist consultant's expert opinion in a timely manner, thereby offering a potential solution to excessive wait times for specialist care, which remain a serious concern in many countries. INTRODUCTION: Our 2014 review of eConsult services demonstrated feasibility and high acceptability among patients and providers. However, gaps remain in knowledge regarding eConsult's impact on system costs and patient outcomes...
June 21, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927656/human-experimentation-in-public-schools-how-schools-served-as-sites-of-vaccine-trials-in-the-20th-century
#7
Will D Schupmann
Schools have long been critical partners for public health authorities in achieving widespread vaccination. In the mid-20th century, however, public schools also served as sites of large-scale experiments on novel vaccines. Through examining the experimental diphtheria, polio, and measles vaccine trials, I explored the implications of using schools in this manner, as well as the continuities and discontinuities among the three cases. Common to all of them was that the use of schools brought decision-making into the public sphere, subjecting parents to social pressures and the influences of school officials and community members...
June 21, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927079/functions-of-parental-intergenerational-narratives-told-by-young-people
#8
Natalie Merrill, Jordan A Booker, Robyn Fivush
Family stories help shape identity and provide a foundation for navigating life events during adolescence and early adulthood. However, little research examines the types of stories passed onto adolescents and emerging adults, the extent to which these stories are retained and accessible, and the potentially influential parental- and self-identity content constructed in telling these stories. Across three samples, we investigate the accessibility and functions of intergenerational narratives that adolescents and emerging adults know of their parents...
June 21, 2018: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926957/peri-implantitis
#9
Frank Schwarz, Jan Derks, Alberto Monje, Hom-Lay Wang
OBJECTIVES: This narrative review provides an evidence-based overview on peri-implantitis for the 2017 World Workshop on the Classification of Periodontal and Peri-Implant Diseases and Conditions. METHODS: A literature review was conducted addressing the following topics: 1) definition of peri-implantitis; 2) conversion from peri-implant mucositis to peri-implantitis, 3) onset and pattern of disease progression, 4) characteristics of peri-implantitis, 5) risk factors/indicators for peri-implantitis, and 6) progressive crestal bone loss in the absence of soft tissue inflammation...
June 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926954/peri-implant-mucositis
#10
Lisa J A Heitz-Mayfield, Giovanni E Salvi
OBJECTIVES: This narrative review was prepared for the 2017 World Workshop of the American Academy of Periodontology and European Federation of Periodontology to address key questions related to the clinical condition of peri-implant mucositis, including: 1) the definition of peri-implant mucositis, 2) conversion of peri-implant health to the biofilm-induced peri-implant mucositis lesion, 3) reversibility of peri-implant mucositis, 4) the long-standing peri-implant mucositis lesion, 5) similarities and differences between peri-implant mucositis at implants and gingivitis at teeth, and 6) risk indicators/factors for peri-implant mucositis...
June 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926950/the-etiology-of-hard-and-soft-tissue-deficiencies-at-dental-implants-a-narrative-review
#11
Christoph H F Hämmerle, Dennis Tarnow
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present paper was to review factors and conditions that are associated with hard and soft-tissue deficiencies at implant sites. IMPORTANCE: Hard- and soft-tissue deficiencies at dental implants are common clinical findings. They can lead to complications and compromise implant survival and, hence, may require therapeutic interventions. It is, therefore, important to understand the etiology of hard and soft-tissue deficiencies. Based on this understanding, strategies should be developed to correct hard and soft-tissue deficiencies with the aim of improving clinical outcomes of implant therapy...
June 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926948/mucogingival-conditions-in-the-natural-dentition-narrative-review-case-definitions-and-diagnostic-considerations
#12
Pierpaolo Cortellini, Nabil F Bissada
BACKGROUND: Mucogingival deformities, and gingival recession in particular, are a group of conditions that affect a large number of patients. Since life expectancy is rising and people are retaining more teeth both gingival recession and the related damages to the root surface are likely to become more frequent. It is therefore important to define anatomic/morphologic characteristics of mucogingival lesions and other predisposing conditions or treatments that are likely to be associated with occurrence of gingival recession...
June 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926939/dental-prostheses-and-tooth-related-factors
#13
Carlo Ercoli, Jack G Caton
OBJECTIVES: This narrative review summarizes the current evidence about the role that the fabrication and presence of dental prostheses and tooth-related factors have on the initiation and progression of gingivitis and periodontitis. FINDINGS: Placement of restoration margins within the junctional epithelium and supracrestal connective tissue attachment can be associated with gingival inflammation and, potentially, recession. The presence of fixed prostheses finish lines within the gingival sulcus or the wearing of partial, removable dental prostheses does not cause gingivitis if patients are compliant with self-performed plaque control and periodic maintenance...
June 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926937/occlusal-trauma-and-excessive-occlusal-forces-narrative-review-case-definitions-and-diagnostic-considerations
#14
Jingyuan Fan, Jack G Caton
OBJECTIVES: This narrative review determines the effects of occlusal trauma and excessive occlusal forces on the periodontium, including the initiation and progression of periodontitis, abfraction, and gingival recession. Case definitions, diagnostic considerations, and the effects of occlusal therapy are also reviewed and discussed. IMPORTANCE: The role of occlusal trauma in the initiation and progression of periodontitis remains a controversial subject in periodontology...
June 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926504/mucogingival-conditions-in-the-natural-dentition-narrative-review-case-definitions-and-diagnostic-considerations
#15
Pierpaolo Cortellini, Nabil F Bissada
BACKGROUND: Mucogingival deformities, and gingival recession in particular, are a group of conditions that affect a large number of patients. Since life expectancy is rising and people are retaining more teeth both gingival recession and the related damages to the root surface are likely to become more frequent. It is therefore important to define anatomic/morphologic characteristics of mucogingival lesions and other predisposing conditions or treatments that are likely to be associated with occurrence of gingival recession...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926502/the-etiology-of-hard-and-soft-tissue-deficiencies-at-dental-implants-a-narrative-review
#16
Christoph H F Hämmerle, Dennis Tarnow
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present paper was to review factors and conditions that are associated with hard and soft-tissue deficiencies at implant sites. IMPORTANCE: Hard- and soft-tissue deficiencies at dental implants are common clinical findings. They can lead to complications and compromise implant survival and, hence, may require therapeutic interventions. It is, therefore, important to understand the etiology of hard and soft-tissue deficiencies. Based on this understanding, strategies should be developed to correct hard and soft-tissue deficiencies with the aim of improving clinical outcomes of implant therapy...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926498/occlusal-trauma-and-excessive-occlusal-forces-narrative-review-case-definitions-and-diagnostic-considerations
#17
Jingyuan Fan, Jack G Caton
OBJECTIVES: This narrative review determines the effects of occlusal trauma and excessive occlusal forces on the periodontium, including the initiation and progression of periodontitis, abfraction, and gingival recession. Case definitions, diagnostic considerations, and the effects of occlusal therapy are also reviewed and discussed. IMPORTANCE: The role of occlusal trauma in the initiation and progression of periodontitis remains a controversial subject in periodontology...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926488/peri-implant-mucositis
#18
Lisa J A Heitz-Mayfield, Giovanni E Salvi
OBJECTIVES: This narrative review was prepared for the 2017 World Workshop of the American Academy of Periodontology and European Federation of Periodontology to address key questions related to the clinical condition of peri-implant mucositis, including: 1) the definition of peri-implant mucositis, 2) conversion of peri-implant health to the biofilm-induced peri-implant mucositis lesion, 3) reversibility of peri-implant mucositis, 4) the long-standing peri-implant mucositis lesion, 5) similarities and differences between peri-implant mucositis at implants and gingivitis at teeth, and 6) risk indicators/factors for peri-implant mucositis...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926484/peri-implantitis
#19
Frank Schwarz, Jan Derks, Alberto Monje, Hom-Lay Wang
OBJECTIVES: This narrative review provides an evidence-based overview on peri-implantitis for the 2017 World Workshop on the Classification of Periodontal and Peri-Implant Diseases and Conditions. METHODS: A literature review was conducted addressing the following topics: 1) definition of peri-implantitis; 2) conversion from peri-implant mucositis to peri-implantitis, 3) onset and pattern of disease progression, 4) characteristics of peri-implantitis, 5) risk factors/indicators for peri-implantitis, and 6) progressive crestal bone loss in the absence of soft tissue inflammation...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926482/dental-prostheses-and-tooth-related-factors
#20
Carlo Ercoli, Jack G Caton
OBJECTIVES: This narrative review summarizes the current evidence about the role that the fabrication and presence of dental prostheses and tooth-related factors have on the initiation and progression of gingivitis and periodontitis. FINDINGS: Placement of restoration margins within the junctional epithelium and supracrestal connective tissue attachment can be associated with gingival inflammation and, potentially, recession. The presence of fixed prostheses finish lines within the gingival sulcus or the wearing of partial, removable dental prostheses does not cause gingivitis if patients are compliant with self-performed plaque control and periodic maintenance...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
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