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Post partum hemorrhage

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744974/ring-compression-suture-for-controlling-post-partum-hemorrhage-during-cesarean-section
#1
Guang-Tai Li, Xiao-Fan Li, Yun-He Zhang, Yue Si, Guang-Rui Li, Hong-Mei Xu
AIM: To avoid complications associated with uterine compression sutures, we devised a ring compression suture (RCS). METHODS: The RCS was performed on 12 patients with post-partum hemorrhage (PPH) during cesarean section. The suture was inserted 0.5 cm below the attachment point of the uterosacral ligament into the uterine cavity and pushed downward through the cervical canal into the vagina. The other end of the stitch was threaded through the lower abdominal wall, from the inside of the abdomen cavity to the outside of the abdominal wall, emerging at the external surface of the lower abdomen 2 cm lateral to the ventral median line and 1 cm above the symphysis pubis...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732978/the-effect-of-tranexamic-acid-on-preventing-post-partum-hemorrhage-due-to-uterine-atony-a-triple-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Mahvash Zargar, Roshan Nikbakht, Mahzad Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is an important cause of early maternal death which needs to be controlled. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to compare the effect of intravenous tranexsmic acid (TXA) and prostaglandin analogue on reducing PPH resulted from uterine atony in women undergoing C section or vaginal delivery. METHOD: A randomized, triple-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted on 248 pregnant women with PPH due to uterine atony who were randomly assigned into two groups of TXA as the intervention group (n=124) and prostaglandin analogue as the control group (n=124)...
May 6, 2018: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717296/profile-of-caesarean-section-in-mid-western-regional-hospital-in-nepal
#3
Keshar Bahadur Dhakal, Sulochana Dhakal, Saroj Bhandari
BACKGROUND: Rising rate of caesarean section since few decades has been a global public health issue.This study is aimed to determine the rate of caesarean section plus examine the indications and complications of caesarean section. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted using secondary data sources at Mid-Western Regional Hospital in Surkhet, Nepal. Data were collected from patients'records ofthe hospital dating from 16 July 2016 to 15 July 2017...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707205/timely-referral-saves-the-lives-of-mothers-and-newborns-midwifery-led-continuum-of-care-in-marginalized-teagarden-communities-a-qualitative-case-study-in-bangladesh
#4
Animesh Biswas, Rondi Anderson, Sathyanarayanan Doraiswamy, Abu Sayeed Md Abdullah, Nabila Purno, Fazlur Rahman, Abdul Halim
Background: Prompt and efficient identification, referral of pregnancy related complications and emergencies are key factors to the reduction of maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality. As a response to this critical need, a midwifery led continuum of reproductive health care was introduced in five teagardens in the Sylhet division, Bangladesh during 2016. Within this intervention, professional midwives provided reproductive healthcare to pregnant teagarden women in the community.  This study evaluates the effect of the referral of pregnancy related complications...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700898/development-and-stability-of-a-heat-stable-formulation-of-carbetocin-for-the-prevention-of-postpartum-haemorrhage-for-use-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#5
Mattias Malm, Ingbritt Madsen, Johan Kjellström
Postpartum haemorrhage is a leading cause of maternal death worldwide. Oxytocin, currently the drug of choice for prevention of PPH, requires constant refrigeration. In pursuit of an alternative medicine, Ferring Pharmaceuticals have developed a heat-stable formulation of carbetocin, an oxytocin analogue. This study aimed to define that formulation, and to investigate its stability under ICH climate zone IV conditions (30°C/75% relative humidity) for at least 3 years and at extreme temperatures, such as 60°C, for shorter periods of time...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579086/tuberculosis-during-pregnancy-in-the-united-states-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-pregnancy-complications-and-in-hospital-death
#6
Erika M Dennis, Yun Hao, Mabella Tamambang, Tasha N Roshan, Knubian J Gatlin, Hanane Bghigh, Oladimeji T Ogunyemi, Fatoumata Diallo, Kiara K Spooner, Jason L Salemi, Omonike A Olaleye, Kashif Z Khan, Muktar H Aliyu, Hamisu M Salihu
BACKGROUND: Despite decades of efforts to eliminate tuberculosis (TB) in the United States (US), TB still contributes to adverse ill health, especially among racial/ethnic minorities. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2016, about 87% of the TB cases reported in the US were among racial and ethnic minorities. The objective of this study is to explore the risks for pregnancy complications and in-hospital death among mothers diagnosed with TB across racial/ethnic groups in the US...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577780/random-placenta-margin-incision-for-control-hemorrhage-during-cesarean-delivery-complicated-by-complete-placenta-previa-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Dazhi Fan, Shuzhen Wu, Shaoxin Ye, Wen Wang, Lijuan Wang, Yao Fu, Meng Zeng, Yan Liu, Xiaoling Guo, Zhengping Liu
INTRODUCTION: Complete placenta previa (CPP) is one of the most problematic types of abnormal placenta, which is further complicated by placenta accreta or percreta that can unexpectedly lead to catastrophic blood loss, infection, multiple complications, emergency hysterectomy, and even death. The present study aimed to assess the efficacy of random placenta margin incision in controlling intraoperative and total blood loss during cesarean section for CPP women. METHODS: A prospective cohort study, including a total of 100 consecutive pregnant women with CPP, was performed at a tertiary university-affiliated medical center between March 2016 and July 2017...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514352/the-reliability-of-electronic-health-record-data-used-for-obstetrical-research
#8
Molly R Altman, Karen Colorafi, Kenn B Daratha
BACKGROUND: Hospital electronic health record (EHR) data are increasingly being called upon for research purposes, yet only recently has it been tested to examine its reliability. Studies that have examined reliability of EHR data for research purposes have varied widely in methods used and field of inquiry, with little reporting of the reliability of perinatal and obstetric variables in the current literature. OBJECTIVE: To assess the reliability of data extracted from a commercially available inpatient EHR as compared with manually abstracted data for common attributes used in obstetrical research...
January 2018: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484784/retrospective-analysis-conservative-treatment-of-placenta-increta-with-methotrexate
#9
Chunhua Zhang, Hongyan Li, Changting Zuo, Xietong Wang
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of conservative treatment with methotrexate against placenta increta by two different routes of administration through retrospective analysis. METHODS: A total of 54 women diagnosed with placenta increta after vaginal delivery were enrolled in this retrospective study. The participants accepted conservative management with methotrexate through either intravenous injection or local multi-point injection under ultrasound guidance. The treatment was considered effective if no hysterectomy was mandatory during the follow-up period...
May 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417606/impact-of-laser-therapy-for-twin-to-twin-transfusion-syndrome-on-subsequent-pregnancy
#10
Maela Le Lous, Imen Mediouni, Gihad Chalouhi, Laurent J Salomon, Laurence Bussières, Aude Carrier, Jean-Pierre Bernard, Yves Ville
OBJECTIVES: The objective of our study was to determine the impact of laser therapy for twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTs) on subsequent pregnancies. METHODS: This was a monocentric retrospective observational study. Women treated by laser fetoscopy for TTTs were asked to answer a postal questionnaire about subsequent pregnancies. The primary outcome was fecundity (number of pregnancies and time to pregnancy). We also assessed pregnancy complications, birth weight, and gestational age at delivery...
March 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408739/planned-home-versus-planned-hospital-births-in-women-at-low-risk-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
A Cristina Rossi, Federico Prefumo
New interest in home birth have recently arisen in women at low risk pregnancy. Maternal and neonatal morbidity of women planning delivery at home has yet to be comprehensively quantified. We aimed to quantify pregnancy outcomes following planned home (PHB) versus planned hospital birth (PHos). We did a systematic review of maternal and neonatal morbidity following planned home (PHB) versus planned hospital birth (PHos). We included prospective, retrospective, cohort and case-control studies of low risk pregnancy outcomes according to planning place of birth, identified from January 2000 to June 2017...
March 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407257/the-effect-of-role-assignment-in-high-fidelity-patient-simulation-on-nursing-students-an-experimental-research-study
#12
Dustin T Weiler, Andrea L Gibson, Jason J Saleem
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have evaluated the effectiveness of high fidelity patient simulators (HFPS) on nursing training; however, a gap exists on the effects of role assignment on critical thinking, self-efficacy, and situation awareness skills in team-based simulation scenarios. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine if role assignment and the involvement level related to the roles yields significant effects and differences in critical thinking, situation awareness and self-efficacy scores in team-based high-fidelity simulation scenarios...
April 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401189/prophylactic-use-of-resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-in-women-with-abnormal-placentation-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-case-series
#13
Carlos A Ordoñez, Ramiro Manzano-Nunez, Michael W Parra, Todd E Rasmussen, Albaro J Nieto, Juan P Herrera-Escobar, Paula Fernandez, Maria P Naranjo, Alberto F García, Javier A Carvajal, Juan M Burgos, Fernando Rodriguez, Maria F Escobar-Vidarte
BACKGROUND: We describe intraoperative and postdischarge outcomes of a case series after the prophylactic use of resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) during elective cesarean delivery in pregnant women with morbidly adherent placenta (MAP). We furthermore performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the safety and effectiveness of the use of REBOA during elective cesarean delivery in pregnant women with MAP. METHODS: Descriptive case series of REBOA (December 2015 to June 2017) used during elective cesarean delivery in pregnant women with MAP...
May 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400413/pregnancy-and-delivery-outcomes-from-patients-with-repaired-anomalous-origin-of-the-left-coronary-artery-from-the-pulmonary-artery
#14
Miki Kanoh, Kei Inai, Tokuko Shinohara, Eriko Shimada, Mikiko Shimizu, Hirofumi Tomimatsu, Masaki Ogawa, Toshio Nakanishi
AIM: We investigated the clinical courses before and during pregnancy and after delivery in patients with repaired anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery to determine the impact of the hemodynamic changes and cardiac function on the selection of the appropriate mode of delivery. METHODS: Six patients who underwent coronary artery reimplantation delivered 10 infants. We scrutinized the patients' hemodynamic changes on echocardiographs and the plasma brain natriuretic peptide levels before and during pregnancy and after delivery, the perinatal outcomes and maternal and fetal events...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392798/intraluminal-pressure-of-uterine-balloon-tamponade-in-the-management-of-severe-post-partum-hemorrhage
#15
Choi Wah Kong, William W K To
AIM: Intrauterine balloon tamponade has been increasingly used for the management of post-partum hemorrhage (PPH) in recent years. However, data on the precise mechanisms and pressure required for the balloon tamponade are scanty in the literature. This study aims to review the intraluminal pressure (ILP) generated by the Bakri intrauterine balloon that is necessary to produce a 'positive tamponade test' during severe PPH. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302904/acute-kidney-injury-in-pregnancy-with-special-reference-to-pregnancy-specific-disorders-a-hospital-based-study-2014-2016
#16
Jai Prakash, Vivek C Ganiger, Suraj Prakash, Mohammad Iqbal, Deba Prasad Kar, Usha Singh, Ashish Verma
INTRODUCTION: There are numerous reports in the literature describing acute kidney injury in pregnancy (P-AKI) due to various obstetric complications. However, there is a dearth of studies on AKI related to pregnancy-specific disorders from India. We aimed to analyze clinical features and outcome of P-AKI related to pregnancy-specific disorders compared to total pregnancy, in India. METHOD: All pregnant women attending the department of Obstetrics and Gynecology from November 2014 to July 2016 were screened for AKI based on: (1) sudden elevation of serum creatinine ≥ 1 mg/dl; (2) oligoanuria for > 12 h; and (3) need for dialysis...
February 2018: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283963/clinical-relevance-of-a-p-value-does-txa-save-lives-after-trauma-or-post-partum-hemorrhage
#17
Geoffrey P Dobson, Kenji Doma, Hayley L Letson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228827/conservative-versus-active-management-in-hellp-syndrome-results-from-a-cohort-study
#18
Marie Cavaignac-Vitalis, Fabien Vidal, Caroline Simon-Toulza, Pierre Boulot, Paul Guerby, Elodie Chantalat, Olivier Parant
OBJECTIVE: HELLP syndrome exposes to severe maternal and fetal complications. Prompt delivery is thus recommended after 34 weeks of gestation, or earlier in case of nonreassuring maternofetal conditions. However, no consensus has been raised in the treatment of HELLP syndrome occurring before 34 weeks of gestation, when both maternal and fetal conditions are stable: it remains still unclear whether an active attitude should be prioritized over expectant management. Herein, we aimed to compare mother and child outcomes according to the type of obstetrical management, either active or conservative...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187935/-haemorrhagic-stroke-of-the-brainstem-secondary-to-postpartum-eclampsia-about-a-case-and-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Khadija Ennaqui, Assia Makayssi, Houssine Boufettal, Naima Samouh
Strokes are rare but severe accidents during pregnancy and post-partum period. They are responsible for high mortality and morbidity rates. Pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, and strokes are significantly related. Endothelial dysfunction, alteration of brain self-regulation and severe hypertension are, probably, the cause of many strokes in pregnant women and during postpartum period. We report a case of hemorrhagic stroke of the brainstem in a nonmonitored 21-year old patient at 38 weeks pregnant admitted with severe preeclampsia complicated by eclampsia and then by haemorrhagic stroke of the brainstem on the second post-operative day after cesarean section performed due to suspicion of retroplacental haematoma arisen since her admission...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181330/evaluation-of-admission-indications-clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-obstetric-patients-admitted-to-the-intensive-care-unit-of-a-teaching-hospital-center-a-five-year-retrospective-review
#20
Farnoush Farzi, Ali Mirmansouri, Zahra Atrkar Roshan, Bahram Naderi Nabi, Gelareh Biazar, Shima Yazdipaz
Background: Care of obstetric patients has always been a challenge for critical care physicians, because in addition to their complex pregnancy-related disease, fetal viability is considered. Objectives: The aim of this study was to review the admission indications, clinical characteristics and outcomes of obstetric patients, admitted to the intensive care unit of Alzzahra teaching hospital affiliated to Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran. Methods: This retrospective cohort study was conducted on pregnant /post-partum (up to 6 weeks) patients admitted to the ICU over a 5-year period from April 2009 to April, 2014...
June 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
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