keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

TBI Military

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631816/cognitive-rehabilitation-for-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury-to-improve-occupational-outcomes
#1
REVIEW
K Suresh Kumar, Selvaraj Samuelkamaleshkumar, Anand Viswanathan, Ashish S Macaden
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment in people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) could affect multiple facets of their daily functioning. Cognitive rehabilitation brings about clinically significant improvement in certain cognitive skills. However, it is uncertain if these improved cognitive skills lead to betterments in other key aspects of daily living. We evaluated whether cognitive rehabilitation for people with TBI improves return to work, independence in daily activities, community integration and quality of life...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629990/employment-stability-in-veterans-and-service-members-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-va-traumatic-brain-injury-model-systems-study
#2
Christina Dillahunt-Aspillaga, Mary Jo Pugh, Bridget A Cotner, Marc A Silva, Adam Haskin, Xinyu Tang, Marie E Saylors, Risa Nakase-Richardson
OBJECTIVE: To examine incidence and predictors of employment stability in Veterans and Military Service Members (V/SM) with traumatic brain injury (TBI) who return to work. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. SETTING: Four Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Polytrauma Rehabilitation Centers (PRCs). PARTICIPANTS: 110 V/SM with mild (26%), moderate (22%), or severe (52%) TBI enrolled in the VA PRC TBI Model Systems database within 2 years of injury who were discharged between January 2009 and June 2015...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627447/pain-with-traumatic-brain-injury-and-psychological-disorders
#3
REVIEW
Samar Khoury, Rodrigo Benavides
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the cause for long-term disability in more than 3 million patients in the US alone, with chronic pain being the most frequently reported complain. To date, predisposing mechanisms for chronic pain in TBI patients are largely unknown. Psychological disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder, depression and anxiety following TBI are commonly reported comorbidities to post-traumatic pain. Long term consequences can be debilitating and affect quality of life even when the injury is mild...
June 13, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606462/growing-literature-but-limited-evidence-a-systematic-review-regarding-prebiotic-and-probiotic-interventions-for-those-with-traumatic-brain-injury-and-or-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#4
Lisa A Brenner, Kelly A Stearns-Yoder, Adam S Hoffberg, Molly E Penzenik, Amy J Starosta, Theresa D Hernández, Daniel A Hadidi, Christopher A Lowry
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is highly prevalent among a wide-range of populations, including civilians, military personnel, and Veterans. TBI sequelae may be further exacerbated by symptoms associated with frequently occurring co-morbid psychiatric conditions including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This is particularly true among the population of military personnel from recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan with a history of mild TBI (mTBI) and PTSD. The need for efficacious treatments for TBI and co-morbid PTSD is significant, and evidence-based interventions for these frequently co-occurring conditions are limited...
June 9, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601569/epidemiology-of-traumatic-brain-injury-older-inpatients-in-chinese-military-hospitals-2001-2007
#5
Yunming Li, Jihong Zhou, Fuqin Chen, Junran Zhang, Jun Qiu, Jianwen Gu
The incidence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among older people has been significantly increased. Understanding the epidemiological characteristics, the causes of injury and the outcomes of TBI among older people provides value evidence for designing preventative measures and therapeutic interventions for TBI. In this study, using ICD-9-CM codes in the Chinese Trauma Database, we identified inpatients aged 65years and older diagnosed with TBI between 2001 and 2007 in Chinese military hospitals. Demographic characteristics, admission time, injury cause, injury severity, length of stay, hospitalization costs, and outcomes were systematically described...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585880/service-needs-and-barriers-to-care-five-or-more-years-after-moderate-to-severe-tbi-among-veterans
#6
R Jay Schulz-Heik, John H Poole, Marie N Dahdah, Campbell Sullivan, Maheen M Adamson, Elaine S Date, Rose Salerno, Karen Schwab, Odette Harris
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to identify the most frequent service needs, factors associated with needs, and barriers to care among Veterans and service members five or more years after moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). RESEARCH DESIGN: Survey administered via telephone 5-16 years after injury (median eight years) and subsequent acute inpatient rehabilitation at a regional Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centre. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Participants were 119 Veterans and military personnel, aged 23-70 (median 35), 90% male...
June 6, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553646/protection-against-blast-induced-traumatic-brain-injury-by-increase-in-brain-volume
#7
Ming Gu, Usmah Kawoos, Richard McCarron, Mikulas Chavko
Blast-induced traumatic brain injury (bTBI) is a leading cause of injuries in recent military conflicts and it is responsible for an increased number of civilian casualties by terrorist attacks. bTBI includes a variety of neuropathological changes depending on the intensity of blast overpressure (BOP) such as brain edema, neuronal degeneration, diffuse axonal damage, and vascular dysfunction with neurological manifestations of psychological and cognitive abnormalities. Internal jugular vein (IJV) compression is known to reduce intracranial compliance by causing an increase in brain volume and was shown to reduce brain damage during closed impact-induced TBI...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539077/clinical-utility-of-the-mbias-and-nsi-validity-10-to-detect-symptom-over-reporting-following-mild-tbi-a-multicenter-investigation-with-military-service-members
#8
Patrick Armistead-Jehle, Douglas B Cooper, Chad E Grills, Wesley R Cole, Sara M Lippa, Robert L Stegman, Rael T Lange
Self-report measures are commonly relied upon in military healthcare environments to assess service members following a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). However, such instruments are susceptible to over-reporting and rarely include validity scales. This study evaluated the utility of the mild Brain Injury Atypical Symptoms scale (mBIAS) and the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory Validity-10 scale to detect symptom over-reporting. A total of 359 service members with a reported history of mTBI were separated into two symptom reporting groups based on MMPI-2-RF validity scales (i...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532914/penetrating-bihemispheric-traumatic-brain-injury-a-collective-review-of-gunshot-wounds-to-the-head
#9
REVIEW
L Turco, D L Cornell, B Phillips
BACKGROUND: Head injuries that cross midline structures of the brain are 'bihemispheric.' Other terms have been used to describe such injuries, but 'bihemispheric' is the most accurate and should be standard nomenclature. Bihemispheric head injuries are associated with higher mortality and morbidity than other penetrating traumatic brain injuries (TBI). Currently, there is a tendency to manage severe gunshot wounds (GSWs) to the head non-operatively, despite reports of improved outcome in military patients treated aggressively...
May 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520659/predictors-of-satisfaction-with-life-in-veterans-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-va-tbi-model-systems-study
#10
Leah R Gause, Jacob A Finn, Greg J Lamberty, Xinyu Tang, Lillian Flores Stevens, Blessen C Eapen, Risa Nakase-Richardson
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of satisfaction with life in Veterans 1 year after traumatic brain injury (TBI). SETTING: The VA TBI Model Systems (TBIMS) project includes 5 Veterans Affairs (VA) Polytrauma Rehabilitation Centers. PARTICIPANTS: Veterans enrolled in the VA TBIMS study who completed the Satisfaction With Life Scale at year 1 follow-up. The sample is largely male (96%) and Caucasian (72%), with a median age of 27 years upon enrollment...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511279/blast-associated-traumatic-brain-injury-in-the-military-as-a-potential-trigger-for-dementia-and-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy
#11
James Hasoon
Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) resulting from blast exposures have significantly affected US military personnel throughout the world, particularly in Iraq and Afghanistan. From 2000-2016, more than 350,000 military service members were diagnosed with a TBI. Since the majority of blast-related TBIs are classified as mild with no definitive findings on physical examination or diagnostic studies, it is difficult to accurately diagnose individuals inflicted with such injuries. There are likely far more mild TBIs that remain undiagnosed in the military...
January 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506081/epidemiological-characteristics-of-chinese-paediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-inpatients
#12
Yunming Li, Fuqin Chen, Junran Zhang, Gang Li, Xiaoguang Yang, Qiang Lu, Xun Xia, Xinyan Zhang, Jun Qiu, Junpeng Zhang, Jihong Zhou, Yongqin Kuang, Jianwen Gu
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of paediatric inpatients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) in China. RESEARCH DESIGN: The Chinese Trauma Database (CTD), a nationwide register system based on hospital admission data, contains diagnosis and treatment information for trauma inpatients in over 200 military-managed public-service hospitals in China. Using the ICD-9 coding, the data for children with TBI aged 0-17 years between 2001 and 2007 were retrieved...
May 16, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501413/managing-traumatic-brain-injury-translating-military-guidelines-to-the-wilderness
#13
REVIEW
Edward J Otten, Warren C Dorlac
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common injury on the battlefield. Much of what medics do to manage these injuries on the battlefield can be translated to other austere environments, such as wilderness or disaster settings. The recognition and diagnosis of TBI can be difficult even in the hospital, but basic understanding of how to define a TBI and prevent secondary injuries can be accomplished with relatively few resources and little training. This article outlines what a TBI is and how to manage it in the field...
June 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459953/early-clinical-predictors-of-5-year-outcome-after-concussive-blast-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Christine L Mac Donald, Jason Barber, Mary Jordan, Ann M Johnson, Sureyya Dikmen, Jesse R Fann, Nancy Temkin
Importance: The long-term clinical effects of wartime traumatic brain injuries (TBIs), most of which are mild, remain incompletely described. Current medical disability cost estimates from world conflicts continually surpass projections. Additional information regarding long-term functional trajectory is needed to reduce this extensive public health burden. Objectives: To examine 5-year clinical outcomes leveraging existing clinical data collected at 1 year after injury in the same patients and to identify early risk factors for long-term disability...
May 1, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452879/aeromedical-evacuation-relevant-hypobaria-worsens-axonal-and-neurologic-injury-in-rats-after-underbody-blast-induced-hyperacceleration
#15
Julie L Proctor, Kaitlin T Mello, Raymond Fang, Adam C Puche, Robert E Rosenthal, William L Fourney, Ulrich H Leiste, Gary Fiskum
BACKGROUND: Occupants of military vehicles targeted by explosive devices often suffer from traumatic brain injury (TBI) and are typically transported by the aeromedical evacuation (AE) system to a military medical center within a few days. This study tested the hypothesis that exposure of rats to AE-relevant hypobaria worsens cerebral axonal injury and neurologic impairment caused by underbody blasts. METHODS: Anesthetized adult male rats were secured within cylinders attached to a metal plate, simulating the hull of an armored vehicle...
July 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452610/active-duty-military-service-members-visual-representations-of-ptsd-and-tbi-in-masks
#16
Melissa S Walker, Girija Kaimal, Adele M L Gonzaga, Katherine A Myers-Coffman, Thomas J DeGraba
Active-duty military service members have a significant risk of sustaining physical and psychological trauma resulting in traumatic brain injury (TBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Within an interdisciplinary treatment approach at the National Intrepid Center of Excellence, service members participated in mask making during art therapy sessions. This study presents an analysis of the mask-making experiences of service members (n = 370) with persistent symptoms from combat- and mission-related TBI, PTSD, and other concurrent mood issues...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424745/distinguishing-the-unique-neuropathological-profile-of-blast-polytrauma
#17
W Brad Hubbard, Shaylen Greenberg, Carly Norris, Joseph Eck, Erin Lavik, Pamela VandeVord
Traumatic brain injury sustained after blast exposure (blast-induced TBI) has recently been documented as a growing issue for military personnel. Incidence of injury to organs such as the lungs has decreased, though current epidemiology still causes a great public health burden. In addition, unprotected civilians sustain primary blast lung injury (PBLI) at alarming rates. Often, mild-to-moderate cases of PBLI are survivable with medical intervention, which creates a growing population of survivors of blast-induced polytrauma (BPT) with symptoms from blast-induced mild TBI (mTBI)...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422897/outcomes-associated-with-blast-versus-nonblast-related-traumatic-brain-injury-in-us-military-service-members-and-veterans-a-systematic-review
#18
Nancy Greer, Nina Sayer, Eva Koeller, Tina Velasquez, Timothy J Wilt
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the literature on comparative clinical and functional outcomes following blast-related versus nonblast-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) among US service members and Veterans. DESIGN: MEDLINE search (January 2001 to June 2016) supplemented with hand search of reference lists and input from peer reviewers. RESULTS: Thirty-one studies (in 33 articles) reported on health outcomes; only 2 were rated low risk of bias...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390516/unique-aspects-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-military-and-veteran-populations
#19
REVIEW
Patrick Armistead-Jehle, Jason R Soble, Douglas B Cooper, Heather G Belanger
Traumatic brain injury (TBI), in particular mild TBI (mTBI), is a relatively common injury experienced by service members across both deployed and nondeployed environments. Although many of the principles and practices used by civilian health care providers for identifying and treating this injury apply to military settings, there are unique factors that impact mTBI-related care in service members and Veterans. This article reviews several of these factors, including the epidemiology of TBI in the military/Veteran population, the influence of military culture on this condition, and identification and treatment of mTBI in the war zone...
May 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390509/pathophysiology-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
REVIEW
Kirsty J Dixon
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has become the signature injury of the military conflict in Iraq and Afghanistan and also has a high rate of occurrence in civilian populations in the United States. Although the effects of a moderate to severe brain injury have been investigated for decades, the chronic effects of single and repetitive mild TBI are just beginning to be investigated. Data suggest that the different types and severities of TBI have unique long-term outcomes and thus may represent different types of diseases...
May 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
keyword
keyword
17331
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"