keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

TBI Military

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933225/inflammation-relates-to-chronic-behavioral-and-neurological-symptoms-in-military-personnel-with-traumatic-brain-injuries
#1
Christina Devoto, Lindsay Arcurio, Joseph Fetta, Mary Ley, Tamar Rodney, Rebekah Kanefsky, Jessica Gill
Studies have shown that the presence of acute inflammation during recovery is indicative of poor outcomes after a traumatic brain injury (TBI); however, the role of chronic inflammation in predicting post-TBI-related symptoms remains poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to compare inflammatory biomarkers (tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-α, interleukin [IL]-6, and IL-10) in active duty personnel who either sustained or did not sustain a TBI. Service members were also assessed for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and quality of life through self-reported measures...
July 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931486/caring-for-the-veteran-military-and-family-member-nursing-competencies-strategies-for-integrating-content-into-nursing-school-curricula
#2
Libba Reed McMillan, David Crumbley, Julie Freeman, Marilyn Rhodes, Michele Kane, Joy Napper
In the United States, one in every 15 persons is a Veteran (U. S. Department of Veterans Affairs, 2016; U. S. News & World Report, 2017). An estimated 27% of these Veterans receive healthcare through the Veteran's Health Administration (VHA), leaving 73% to seek care in civilian hospitals (Bagalman, 2014). Realistically, most nurses in the United States will care for military members, Veterans or family members in a variety of healthcare systems and settings. Nurse educators are positioned to lead efforts in providing nursing students with the knowledge necessary to provide competent care and serve as advocates for our nation's heroes...
September 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926486/comorbid-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-traumatic-brain-injury-generalization-of-prolonged-exposure-ptsd-treatment-outcomes-to-postconcussive-symptoms-cognition-and-self-efficacy-in-veterans-and-active-duty-service-members
#3
Gregory K Wolf, Gregory J Mauntel, Tracy Kretzmer, Eric Crawford, Christina Thors, Thad Q Strom, Rodney D Vanderploeg
OBJECTIVES: To examine (a) generalization of the effectiveness of prolonged exposure (PE) therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in improving postconcussive symptoms (PCSs) and other outcomes in military service members and Veterans (VA) with histories of mild to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), and (b) factors associated with PCS reduction. SETTING: VA polytrauma medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive referrals for PTSD treatment of Active Duty (n = 17) or Veterans (n = 27) diagnosed with PTSD and TBI (N = 44)...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874926/craniosacral-therapy-and-visceral-manipulation-a-new-treatment-intervention-for-concussion-recovery
#4
Gail Wetzler, Melinda Roland, Sally Fryer-Dietz, Dee Dettmann-Ahern
Background: Military service members and veterans face health issues related to traumatic brain injury (TBI), especially during combat, use of heavy equipment, and exposures to environmental hazards and explosives. There were 400,000 TBIs reported in deployed U.S. troops in 2012. Athletes are also subject to TBI. Studies have indicated that some manual therapies could be helpful for treating patients who have post-concussive syndrome. Objective: This case series report describes the effects of CranioSacral Therapy (CST), Visceral Manipulation (VM), and Neural Manipulation (NM) modalities for treating patients who have post-concussion syndrome...
August 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874922/an-overview-of-the-use-of-neurofeedback-biofeedback-for-the-treatment-of-symptoms-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-military-and-civilian-populations
#5
REVIEW
Sarah N Gray
Background: Neurofeedback, a type of biofeedback, is an operant conditioning treatment that has been studied for use in the treatment of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in both civilian and military populations. In this approach, users are able to see or hear representations of data related to their own physiologic responses to triggers, such as stress or distraction, in real time and, with practice, learn to alter these responses in order to reduce symptoms and/or improve performance. Objective: This article provides a brief overview of the use of biofeedback, focusing on neurofeedback, for symptoms related to TBI, with applications for both civilian and military populations, and describes a pilot study that is currently underway looking at the effects of a commercial neurofeedback device on patients with mild-to-moderate TBIs...
August 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874921/functional-medicine-approach-to-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
Alice C Richer
Background: The U.S. military has seen dramatic increases in traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) among military personnel due to the nature of modern-day conflicts. Conventional TBI treatment for secondary brain injuries has suboptimal success rates, and patients, families, and healthcare professionals are increasingly turning to alternative medicine treatments. Objective: Effective treatments for the secondary injury cascades that occur after an initial brain trauma are unclear at this time. The goal of successful treatment options for secondary TBI injuries is to reduce oxidative stress, excitotoxicity, and inflammation while supporting mitochondrial functions and repair of membranes, synapses, and axons...
August 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866009/long-term-functional-outcomes-in-military-service-members-and-veterans-after-traumatic-brain-injury-polytrauma-inpatient-rehabilitation
#7
Max Gray, Joyce Chung, Fatima Aguila, T Gavin Williams, Jeffrey K Teraoka, Odette A Harris
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of the established Polytrauma/TBI infrastructure on immediate post-treatment functional gains, the long-term sustainability of any gains and participation-related community reintegration outcomes in a baseline cohort of patients eight years post-admission. DESIGN: Retrospective review and prospective repeated measures of an inception cohort. SETTING: Veterans Affairs Palo Alto, Polytrauma Rehabilitation Center (PRC) PARTICIPANTS: 44 patients consecutively admitted to the PRC inpatient rehabilitation unit during its first full Fiscal Year, 2006...
August 30, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864102/presenting-hypertension-burn-injury-and-mortality-in-combat-casualties
#8
Anders J Davidson, Sarah-Ashley E Ferencz, Jonathan A Sosnov, Jeffrey T Howard, Jud C Janak, Kevin K Chung, Ian J Stewart
INTRODUCTION: The effect of presenting hypertension is poorly studied in combat casualties. We hypothesized that elevated mean arterial pressure (MAP) on presentation to combat hospitals would be associated with poor outcomes. METHODS: Data was obtained from the Department of Defense Trauma Registry and the Armed Forces Medical Examiner System. Variables analyzed included presenting vital signs to Role II-III military theater hospital, demographic variables, injury severity score (ISS), location and mechanism of injury, presence of traumatic brain injury (TBI), acute kidney injury (AKI), and mortality...
August 29, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851546/chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-integration-of-canonical-traumatic-brain-injury-secondary-injury-mechanisms-with-tau-pathology
#9
REVIEW
Jacqueline R Kulbe, Edward D Hall
In recent years, a new neurodegenerative tauopathy labeled Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE), has been identified that is believed to be primarily a sequela of repeated mild traumatic brain injury (TBI), often referred to as concussion, that occurs in athletes participating in contact sports (e.g. boxing, football, football, rugby, soccer, ice hockey) or in military combatants, especially after blast-induced injuries. Since the identification of CTE, and its neuropathological finding of deposits of hyperphosphorylated tau protein, mechanistic attention has been on lumping the disorder together with various other non-traumatic neurodegenerative tauopathies...
August 26, 2017: Progress in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845349/understanding-treatment-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-the-military-health-system
#10
Carrie M Farmer, Heather Krull, Thomas W Concannon, Molly Simmons, Francesca Pillemer, Teague Ruder, Andrew Parker, Maulik P Purohit, Liisa Hiatt, Benjamin Saul Batorsky, Kimberly A Hepner
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is considered a signature injury of modern warfare, though TBIs can also result from training accidents, falls, sports, and motor vehicle accidents. Among service members diagnosed with a TBI, the majority of cases are mild TBIs (mTBIs), also known as concussions. Many of these service members receive care through the Military Health System, but the amount, type, and quality of care they receive has been largely unknown. A RAND study, the first to examine the mTBI care of a census of patients in the Military Health System, assessed the number and characteristics (including deployment history and history of TBI) of nondeployed, active-duty service members who received an mTBI diagnosis in 2012, the locations of their diagnoses and next health care visits, the types of care they received in the six months following their mTBI diagnosis, co-occurring conditions, and the duration of their treatment...
January 2017: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810970/completion-of-a-veteran-focused-civic-service-program-improves-health-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-veterans-with-a-history-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#11
Karen A Lawrence, Monica M Matthieu, Emma Robertson-Blackmore
INTRODUCTION: Volunteering as a health promotion intervention is positively related to improved health and well-being in civilians and older adults. Yet, the impacts of participating in a community-based volunteering program on returning military veterans have not been studied, nor have the outcomes for veterans who have experienced a traumatic brain injury (TBI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This observational, pre-post survey examines health, psychological, and social outcomes from a cohort of post-9/11/01 veterans with (N = 67) and without a reported TBI history (N = 273) who completed a 6-month, 20-hour per week veteran-focused civic service program...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810965/the-benefits-and-risks-of-energy-drinks-in-young-adults-and-military-service-members
#12
Julianne Manchester, Inbal Eshel, Donald W Marion
INTRODUCTION: Energy drinks (EDs) have become an integral part of the young adult, athletic, and military culture. Many athletes are convinced that EDs enhance performance, and service members as well as college students frequently use EDs as stimulants to counter sleep deprivation, or to improve academic performance. However, concerns have been raised by some military leaders about potential adverse effects of EDs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A needs assessment survey of a convenience sample of military health care providers was conducted and identified EDs as a top knowledge need for those providers working in the area of traumatic brain injury (TBI)...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795463/social-work-generated-evidence-in-traumatic-brain-injury-from-1975-to-2014-a-systematic-scoping-review
#13
REVIEW
Andy Mantell, Grahame Kenneth Simpson, Martha Vungkhanching, Kate Fiona Jones, Thomas Strandberg, Patti Simonson
The International Network for Social Workers in Acquired Brain Injury (INSWABI) commissioned a systematic scoping review to ascertain the social work-generated evidence base on people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) of working age. The review aimed to identify the output, impact and quality of publications authored by social workers on this topic. Study quality was evaluated through assessment frameworks drawn from the United Kingdom National Service Framework for Long-Term Conditions. In the 40-year period from 1975 to 2014, 115 items were published that met the search criteria (intervention studies, n = 10; observational studies, n = 52; literature reviews, n = 6; expert opinion or policy analysis, n = 39; and others, n = 8)...
August 9, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782542/supported-employment-for-veterans-with-traumatic-brain-injury-patient-perspectives
#14
Kathleen F Carlson, Terri K Pogoda, Tess Gilbert, Sandra G Resnick, Elizabeth Twamley, Maya E O'Neil, Nina A Sayer
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the need for, and interest in, Supported Employment (SE) among recent military Veterans with traumatic brain injury (TBI), and to examine characteristics associated with Veterans' interest in SE. DESIGN: Stratified random sample of Iraq and Afghanistan War Veterans confirmed to have TBI through the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) screening and evaluation system. SETTING: Community-based via mailed survey. PARTICIPANTS: We recruited 1,800 Veterans with clinician-confirmed TBI (1,080 mild TBI; 720 moderate/severe TBI) through multiple mailings...
August 3, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753471/neural-differences-underlying-face-processing-in-veterans-with-tbi-and-co-occurring-tbi-and-ptsd
#15
J Bomyea, S C Matthews, M S Buchsbaum, A D Spadoni, I A Strigo, A N Simmons
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is common in military personnel and associated with high rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). TBI impacts widely-distributed neural patterns, some of which influence affective processing. Better understanding how TBI and PTSD/TBI alters affective neural activity may improve our understanding of comorbidity mechanisms, but to date the neural correlates of emotional processing in these groups has been relatively understudied. METHODS: Military controls, military personnel with a history of TBI, and military personnel with both TBI and PTSD (N = 53) completed an emotional face processing task during fMRI...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725550/dti-measures-identify-mild-and-moderate-tbi-cases-among-patients-with-complex-health-problems-a-receiver-operating-characteristic-analysis-of-u-s-veterans
#16
Keith L Main, Salil Soman, Franco Pestilli, Ansgar Furst, Art Noda, Beatriz Hernandez, Jennifer Kong, Jauhtai Cheng, Jennifer K Fairchild, Joy Taylor, Jerome Yesavage, J Wesson Ashford, Helena Kraemer, Maheen M Adamson
Standard MRI methods are often inadequate for identifying mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). Advances in diffusion tensor imaging now provide potential biomarkers of TBI among white matter fascicles (tracts). However, it is still unclear which tracts are most pertinent to TBI diagnosis. This study ranked fiber tracts on their ability to discriminate patients with and without TBI. We acquired diffusion tensor imaging data from military veterans admitted to a polytrauma clinic (Overall n = 109; Age: M = 47...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698487/multiple-mild-traumatic-brain-injuries-are-associated-with-increased-rates-of-health-symptoms-and-gulf-war-illness-in-a-cohort-of-1990-1991-gulf-war-veterans
#17
Megan K Yee, Patricia A Janulewicz, Daniel R Seichepine, Kimberly A Sullivan, Susan P Proctor, Maxine H Krengel
Recent research demonstrated a relation between traumatic brain injury (TBI), health symptoms and diagnosis of Gulf War Illness (GWI) in Gulf War Veterans, but no study has examined the impact of multiple mild TBIs (mTBIs). A total of 229 male Gulf War Veterans from the Ft Devens Cohort were categorized by a number of mTBIs reported. One-way ANOVA and chi-square test of independence were used to test for differences in total reported health symptoms and diagnosis of chronic multisymptom illness (CMI) or Kansas GWI criteria, two of the most common case definitions of GWI...
July 9, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690665/use-of-integrative-medicine-in-the-united-states-military-health-system
#18
REVIEW
Cathaleen Madsen, Megan Vaughan, Tracey Pérez Koehlmoos
Integrative medicine (IM) is a model of care which uses both conventional and nonconventional therapies in a "whole person" approach to achieve optimum mental, physical, emotional, spiritual, and environmental health, and is increasingly popular among patients and providers seeking to relieve chronic or multifactorial conditions. The US Department of Defense (DoD) shows particular interest in and usage of IM for managing chronic conditions including the signature "polytrauma triad" of chronic pain, traumatic brain injury (TBI), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among its beneficiaries in the Military Health System (MHS)...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678118/comparison-of-the-va-and-nidilrr-tbi-model-system-cohorts
#19
Risa Nakase-Richardson, Lillian Flores Stevens, Xinyu Tang, Greg J Lamberty, Mark Sherer, William C Walker, Mary Jo Pugh, Blessen C Eapen, Jacob A Finn, Mimi Saylors, Christina Dillahunt-Aspillaga, Rachel Sayko Adams, Jeffrey S Garofano
OBJECTIVE: Within the same time frame, compare the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR) and VA Traumatic Brain Injury Model System (TBIMS) data sets to inform future research and generalizability of findings across cohorts. SETTING: Inpatient comprehensive interdisciplinary rehabilitation facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Civilians, Veterans, and active duty service members in the VA (n = 550) and NIDILRR civilian settings (n = 5270) who were enrolled in TBIMS between August 2009 and July 2015...
July 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657432/accelerated-changes-in-cortical-thickness-measurements-with-age-in-military-service-members-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
Ricky R Savjani, Brian A Taylor, Laura Acion, Elisabeth A Wilde, Ricardo E Jorge
Finding objective and quantifiable imaging markers of mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) has proven challenging, especially in the military population. Changes in cortical thickness after injury have been reported in animals and in humans, but it is unclear how these alterations manifest in the chronic phase, and it is difficult to characterize accurately with imaging. We used cortical thickness measures derived from Advanced Normalization Tools (ANTs) to predict a continuous demographic variable: age. We trained four different regression models (linear regression, support vector regression, Gaussian process regression, and random forests) to predict age from healthy control brains from publicly available datasets (n = 762)...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
keyword
keyword
17331
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"