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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920179/review-of-virtual-reality-treatment-in-psychiatry-evidence-versus-current-diffusion-and-use
#1
REVIEW
Matthew C Mishkind, Aaron M Norr, Andrea C Katz, Greg M Reger
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides an overview of the current evidence base for and clinical applications of the use of virtual reality (VR) in psychiatric practice, in context of recent technological developments. RECENT FINDINGS: The use of VR in psychiatric practice shows promise with much of the research demonstrating clinical effectiveness for conditions including post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety and phobias, chronic pain, rehabilitation, and addictions...
September 18, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913713/ethnic-groups-differ-in-how-poor-self-rated-mental-health-reflects-psychiatric-disorders
#2
Shervin Assari
AIM: This study aimed to explore cross-ethnic variation in the pattern of the associations between psychiatric disorders and self-rated mental health (SRMH) in the USA. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), 2001-2003, a national household probability sample. The study enrolled 18,237 individuals who were either Non-Hispanic White (n = 7587), African American (n = 4746), Mexican (n = 1442), Cuban (n = 577), Puerto Rican (n = 495), Other Hispanic (n = 1106), Vietnamese (n = 520), Filipino (n = 508), Chinese (n = 600) or Other Asian (n = 656)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903790/virtual-reality-exposure-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-dental-phobia-a-controlled-feasibility-study
#3
Kumar Raghav Gujjar, Arjen van Wijk, Ratika Sharma, Ad de Jongh
BACKGROUND: Virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) has been used to treat a variety of fears and phobias. AIM: To determine the feasibility (i.e. safety and efficacy) of using VRET to treat dental phobia. METHOD: Safety was evaluated by determining any adverse events or symptom exacerbation. Efficacy of VRET was evaluated by comparing the reduction in dental anxiety scores (measured 16 times within a 14-week study period, and at 6-month follow-up), and its behavioural effects with that of an informational pamphlet (IP) on ten randomized patients with dental phobia using a controlled multiple baseline design...
September 14, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890554/difficult-airway-challenges-phobias-and-options
#4
EDITORIAL
Goneppanavar Umesh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889251/a-10-year-prospective-longitudinal-study-of-daily-hassles-and-incident-psychopathology-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-interactions-with-gender-perceived-coping-efficacy-and-negative-life-events
#5
Eva Asselmann, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Roselind Lieb, Katja Beesdo-Baum
PURPOSE: To prospectively examine whether higher daily hassles predict a variety of incident mental disorders and respective associations vary by gender, age, perceived coping efficacy and number of negative life events. METHODS: Data comes from the Early Developmental Stages of Psychopathology Study (EDSP), a prospective-longitudinal study among adolescents and young adults from the community (n = 2797, aged 14-24 at baseline) followed up in up to 3 assessment waves over 10 years...
September 9, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886905/group-differences-in-pain-interference-psychiatric-disorders-and-general-medical-conditions-among-hispanics-and-whites-in-the-u-s-general-population
#6
Declan T Barry, Corey Pilver Glenn, Rani A Hoff, Marc N Potenza
The cross-sectional retrospective study examined whether ethnicity moderates relationships between pain interference and both psychopathology and general medical conditions among Hispanic and non-Hispanic white adults. Participants comprised 32,574 (14% Hispanic; 86% white) National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions respondents. While Hispanic respondents were less likely than white respondents to report severe pain interference (11.4% vs. 11.9%) or moderate pain interference (5.7% vs. 7...
August 24, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883770/frequency-of-depression-and-its-correlation-with-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-oral-cavity-cancer
#7
Senada Dzebo, Jasmina Mahmutovic, Hasiba Erkocevic, Faris Foco
INTRODUCTION: the effects of malignant tumors of oral cavity may be reflected through mental, physical, social and emotional well-being and quality of life of patients. Those suffering from malignancies show a large degree of psychological problems (fear, anxiety, depression, panic disorders, phobias) both at the time of diagnosis and during the treatment. AIM: to determine a level of depression in patients with oral cavity cancer and to link quality of life and level of depression of patients with oral cavity cancer...
June 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879311/recent-advances-in-topical-anesthesia
#8
REVIEW
Hyo-Seol Lee
Topical anesthetics act on the peripheral nerves and reduce the sensation of pain at the site of application. In dentistry, they are used to control local pain caused by needling, placement of orthodontic bands, the vomiting reflex, oral mucositis, and rubber-dam clamp placement. Traditional topical anesthetics contain lidocaine or benzocaine as active ingredients and are used in the form of solutions, creams, gels, and sprays. Eutectic mixtures of local anesthesia cream, a mixture of various topical anesthetics, has been reported to be more potent than other anesthetics...
December 2016: J Dent Anesth Pain Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879250/dental-care-related-fear-and-anxiety-distress-tolerance-as-a-possible-mechanism
#9
S H Addicks, D W McNeil, C L Randall, A Goddard, L M Romito, C Sirbu, G Kaushal, A Metzger, B D Weaver
Distress tolerance, the degree to which one is able to cope with and endure negative emotional states, has been broadly applied to understand and treat a variety of health (including behavioral) problems, but little is known about its role in oral health care and specifically dental care-related fear and anxiety, making it a novel construct in the oral health care literature. This cross-sectional study examined distress tolerance as a possible predictor of dental fear and anxiety among a sample of adults with and without diagnoses of dental phobia, investigated possible differences in levels of distress tolerance between adults with and without dental phobia, and determined possible associations between distress tolerance and fear of pain, anxiety sensitivity, and depression...
July 2017: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876537/steroid-phobia-chinese-medicine-and-asthma-control
#10
Ka Ian Ip, Kam Lun Hon, Yin Ching Kathy Tsang, Ngan Ho Theresa Leung
BACKGROUND: Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are the mainstay of treatment for asthma. Corticosteroid (CS) phobia and fears are prevalent and these may influence therapeutic efficacy and asthma control. AIM: To evaluate if CS fear is associated with asthma control in children Methods: Patients aged > 4 years old with asthma at a pediatric outpatient clinic were surveyed, and the Asthma Control Test (ACT) was used for assessment of asthma control. RESULTS: Ninety-eight patients and their parents were interviewed...
September 6, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874920/the-manual-stimulation-of-acupuncture-points-in-the-treatment-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-review-of-clinical-emotional-freedom-techniques
#11
Dawson Church, David Feinstein
Background: The manual stimulation of acupuncture points has been combined with components of cognitive and exposure therapies into a clinical and self-help approach known as Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT). More than 40 clinical trials and four meta-analytic reviews of EFT treatments have demonstrated large effect sizes with a range of conditions, including pain, PTSD (in both civilian and military veteran populations), phobias, anxiety, and depression. Objective: This review describes the approach, with a focus on PTSD in veterans and service members, provides an overview of how EFT is most commonly applied, and outlines obstacles and cautions related to its implementation...
August 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870688/-what-do-virtual-reality-tools-bring-to-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#12
S Bioulac, E de Sevin, P Sagaspe, A Claret, P Philip, J A Micoulaud-Franchi, M P Bouvard
Virtual reality is a relatively new technology that enables individuals to immerse themselves in a virtual world. It offers several advantages including a more realistic, lifelike environment that may allow subjects to "forget" they are being assessed, allow a better participation and an increased generalization of learning. Moreover, the virtual reality system can provide multimodal stimuli, such as visual and auditory stimuli, and can also be used to evaluate the patient's multimodal integration and to aid rehabilitation of cognitive abilities...
September 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868945/social-phobia-depression-and-eating-disorders-during-middle-adolescence-longitudinal-associations-and-treatment-seeking
#13
Klaus Ranta, Juha Väänänen, Sari Fröjd, Rasmus Isomaa, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino, Mauri Marttunen
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal associations between social phobia (SP), depression and eating disorders (EDs), and the impact of antecedent SP and depression on subsequent treatment seeking for EDs have rarely been explored in prospective adolescent population studies. AIM: We aimed to examine these associations in a large-scale follow-up study among middle adolescents. METHOD: We surveyed 3278 Finnish adolescents with a mean age of 15 years for these disorders...
September 4, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867433/epidemiology-of-back-pain-in-young-and-middle-aged-adults-a-longitudinal-population-cohort-survey-from-age-27-50-years
#14
Felix Angst, Jules Angst, Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, André Aeschlimann, Wulf Rössler
BACKGROUND: Back pain is extremely common and a huge burden for both individuals and health care services. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine the prevalence and incidence of lumbar and cervical back pain over 23 years and to quantify associations with concomitant disorders. METHODS: Data on lumbar and cervical back pain, and mental disorders from the Zurich study, collected between 1986 (age men: 27/women: 28 years) and 2008 (age 49/50) were analyzed...
June 1, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859190/comparative-effectiveness-and-safety-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-pharmacotherapy-for-childhood-anxiety-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Zhen Wang, Stephen P H Whiteside, Leslie Sim, Wigdan Farah, Allison S Morrow, Mouaz Alsawas, Patricia Barrionuevo, Mouaffaa Tello, Noor Asi, Bradley Beuschel, Lubna Daraz, Jehad Almasri, Feras Zaiem, Laura Larrea-Mantilla, Oscar J Ponce, Annie LeBlanc, Larry J Prokop, Mohammad Hassan Murad
Importance: Childhood anxiety is common. Multiple treatment options are available, but existing guidelines provide inconsistent advice on which treatment to use. Objectives: To evaluate the comparative effectiveness and adverse events of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and pharmacotherapy for childhood anxiety disorders. Data Sources: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and SciVerse Scopus from database inception through February 1, 2017...
August 31, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857593/-psychiatric-disorders-in-smokers-seeking-treatment-for-tobacco-dependence-relations-with-tobacco-dependence-and-cessation-correction-to-piper-et-al-2010
#16
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Psychiatric disorders in smokers seeking treatment for tobacco dependence: Relations with tobacco dependence and cessation" by Megan E. Piper, Stevens S. Smith, Tanya R. Schlam, Michael F. Fleming, Amy A. Bittrich, Jennifer L. Brown, Cathlyn J. Leitzke, Mark E. Zehner, Michael C. Fiore and Timothy B. Baker (Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2010[Feb], Vol 78[1], 13-23). There was an error in the Method section in the World Mental Health Survey Initiative version of the CIDI subsection...
September 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851674/a-validation-study-of-the-web-screening-questionnaire-wsq-compared-with-the-mini-international-neuropsychiatric-interview-plus-mini-plus
#17
Denise Meuldijk, Erik J Giltay, Ingrid Ve Carlier, Irene M van Vliet, Albert M van Hemert, Frans G Zitman
BACKGROUND: There is a need for brief screening methods for psychiatric disorders in clinical practice. This study assesses the validity and accuracy of a brief self-report screening questionnaire, the Web Screening Questionnaire (WSQ), in detecting psychiatric disorders in a study group comprising the general population and psychiatric outpatients aged 18 years and older. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the WSQ is an adequate test to screen for the presence of depressive and anxiety disorders in clinical practice...
August 29, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850109/genome-wide-expression-and-response-to-exposure-based-psychological-therapy-for-anxiety-disorders
#18
S Roberts, C C Y Wong, G Breen, J R I Coleman, S De Jong, P Jöhren, R Keers, C Curtis, S H Lee, J Margraf, S Schneider, T Teismann, A Wannemüller, K J Lester, T C Eley
Exposure-based psychological treatments for anxiety have high efficacy. However, a substantial proportion of patients do not respond to therapy. Research examining the potential biological underpinnings of therapy response is still in its infancy, and most studies have focussed on candidate genes. To our knowledge, this study represents the first investigation of genome-wide expression profiles with respect to treatment outcome. Participants (n=102) with panic disorder or specific phobia received exposure-based cognitive behavioural therapy...
August 29, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849779/ketamine-for-social-anxiety-disorder-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-crossover-trial
#19
Jerome H Taylor, Angeli Landeros-Weisenberger, Catherine Coughlin, Jilian Mulqueen, Jessica A Johnson, Daniel Gabriel, Margot O Reed, Ewgeni Jakubovski, Michael H Bloch
Many patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD) experience inadequate symptom relief from available treatments. Ketamine is a potent N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist with a potentially novel mechanism of action for the treatment of anxiety disorders. Therefore, we conducted a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled crossover trial in 18 adults with DSM-5 SAD and compared the effects between intravenous ketamine (0.5 mg/kg over 40 min) and placebo (normal saline) on social phobia symptoms...
August 29, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845177/agoraphobia-and-follicle-stimulating-hormone-levels-between-tamoxifen-and-goserelin-versus-tamoxifen-alone-in-premenopausal-hormone-receptor-positive-breast-cancer-a-12-month-prospective-randomized-study
#20
Jung-Yoon Heo, Hawoo Yi, Maurizio Fava, David Mischoulon, Kiwon Kim, Sechang Yoon, Hong Jin Jeon, Jeong Eon Lee
OBJECTIVE: Tamoxifen is an estrogen receptor antagonist used to prevent recurrence of breast cancer, which may provoke depression and anxiety and increase follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) to patients. We compared anxiety and depression symptoms and FSH levels who received conventional tamoxifen alone and combination treatment of goserelin, a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogue, with tamoxifen. METHODS: Sixty-four premenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive early-stage breast cancer were included and were assigned randomly to receive either tamoxifen and goserelin combination or tamoxifen alone for 12 months...
July 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
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