keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Phobia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300935/specific-and-social-fears-in-children-and-adolescents-separating-normative-fears-from-problem-indicators-and-phobias
#1
Paola P Laporte, Pedro M Pan, Mauricio S Hoffmann, Lauren S Wakschlag, Luis A Rohde, Euripedes C Miguel, Daniel S Pine, Gisele G Manfro, Giovanni A Salum
Objective: To distinguish normative fears from problematic fears and phobias. Methods: We investigated 2,512 children and adolescents from a large community school-based study, the High Risk Study for Psychiatric Disorders. Parent reports of 18 fears and psychiatric diagnosis were investigated. We used two analytical approaches: confirmatory factor analysis (CFA)/item response theory (IRT) and nonparametric receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results: According to IRT and ROC analyses, social fears are more likely to indicate problems and phobias than specific fears...
March 9, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299314/high-magnitude-of-social-anxiety-disorder-in-school-adolescents
#2
Kindie Mekuria, Haregwoin Mulat, Habtamu Derajew, Tesfa Mekonen, Wubalem Fekadu, Amsalu Belete, Solomon Yimer, Getasew Legas, Melak Menberu, Asmamaw Getnet, Simegnew Kibret
Introduction. Social phobia is the most prevalent and chronic type of anxiety disorder worldwide and it affects occupational, educational, and social affairs of the individual. Social phobia is also known for its association with depression and substance use disorder. Objective. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of social phobia among high school students in Ethiopia. Methods. Cross-sectional study was conducted among 386 randomly selected students. Data were collected using pretested and self-administered questionnaire...
2017: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294471/ultra-brief-behavioral-skills-trainings-for-blood-injection-injury-phobia
#3
Alicia E Meuret, Erica Simon, Lavanya Bhaskara, Thomas Ritz
BACKGROUND: Blood injection injury (BII) phobia is common, with debilitating consequences to the health and well being of many of its sufferers. BII phobia presents with a unique fear response that can involve drops in blood pressure and ultimately fainting. The aim of this study was to provide proof of concept for a line of brief, easy to implement, video-based interventions for reducing phobic avoidance and fears in BII sufferers. One of the interventions was a novel Hypoventilation Respiratory Training (HRT) aimed at reducing the exaggerated ventilation response (hyperventilation) seen in BII phobia...
March 15, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285739/neuropsychiatric-comorbidities-in-adults-with-phenylketonuria-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Deborah A Bilder, Joyce A Kobori, Jessica L Cohen-Pfeffer, Erin M Johnson, Elaina R Jurecki, Mitzie L Grant
Adults with phenylketonuria (PKU) may experience neurologic and psychiatric disorders, including intellectual disability, anxiety, depression, and neurocognitive dysfunction. Identifying the prevalence and prevalence ratios of these conditions will inform clinical treatment. This nested, case-controlled study used International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes from the MarketScan® insurance claims databases from 2006 to 2012 and healthcare claims data for US-based employer and government-sponsored health plans...
March 6, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284107/clinical-characteristics-and-treatment-outcomes-of-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-and-comorbid-anxiety-disorders-results-from-a-european-multicenter-study
#5
Markus Dold, Lucie Bartova, Daniel Souery, Julien Mendlewicz, Alessandro Serretti, Stefano Porcelli, Joseph Zohar, Stuart Montgomery, Siegfried Kasper
This naturalistic European multicenter study aimed to elucidate the association between major depressive disorder (MDD) and comorbid anxiety disorders. Demographic and clinical information of 1346 MDD patients were compared between those with and without concurrent anxiety disorders. The association between explanatory variables and the presence of comorbid anxiety disorders was examined using binary logistic regression analyses. 286 (21.2%) of the participants exhibited comorbid anxiety disorders, 10.8% generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), 8...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277976/issues-in-consultation-for-treatments-with-distressed-activated-abuser-protector-self-states-in-dissociative-identity-disorder
#6
Richard A Chefetz
The identified "problem self-state" in a dissociative disorder consultation is like the identified patient in a family therapy; the one who is identified may have an assigned role to be blamed which serves the function of deflecting the activities of painful self-states in other family members. In consultation, the "family" includes the therapist in addition to the patient. When the state identified as a problem self-state is an abuser/protector self-state, complications often involve the profound nature of transference-countertransference enactments between patient and therapist, the delusion of separateness, chronic and acute threats of suicide, negative therapeutic reactions, and the evocation of intense negativity...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277857/usefulness-of-self-report-questionnaires-for-psychological-assessment-of-patients-with-tinnitus-and-hyperacusis-and-patients-views-of-the-questionnaires
#7
Hashir Aazh, Brian C J Moore
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the relevance and applicability of psychological questionnaires to patients seeking help for tinnitus and/or hyperacusis. DESIGN: This was a questionnaire-based survey. The following questionnaires were administered: Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7), Short Health Anxiety Inventory (SHAI), Mini-Social Phobia Inventory (Mini-SPIN), Obsessive Compulsive Inventory-Revised (OCI-R), Panic Disorder Severity Scale-Self Report (PDSS-SR), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and Penn State Worry Questionnaire-Abbreviated version (PSWQ-A)...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273888/the-experience-of-social-exclusion-in-women-with-a-history-of-suicidal-acts-a-neuroimaging-study
#8
Emilie Olié, Fabrice Jollant, Jeremy Deverdun, Nicolas Menjot de Champfleur, Fabienne Cyprien, Emmanuelle Le Bars, Thibaut Mura, Alain Bonafé, Philippe Courtet
Suicidal behaviors result from a complex interaction between social stressors and individual vulnerability. However, little is known of the specific neural network supporting the sensitivity to social stressors in patients at risk of suicidal acts. Using functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging, we investigated brain processing of social rejection in suicide attempters. Thirty-six euthymic women with a history of depression and suicidal behavior were compared to 41 euthymic women with a history of depression but no suicidal attempt, and 28 healthy controls...
December 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270029/treatment-of-intra-oral-injection-phobia-a-randomized-delayed-intervention-controlled-trial-among-norwegian-10-to-16-year-olds
#9
Karin G Berge, Maren Lillehaug Agdal, Margrethe Vika, Marit Slåttelid Skeie
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of five sessions of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for 10- to 16-year-olds with intra-oral injection phobia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a randomized delayed intervention controlled trial in 67 patients, fulfilling the DSM-5 criteria for specific phobia. All patients received the same CBT performed by dentists specially trained in CBT. The patients were randomly assigned to either an immediate treatment group (ITG) (34 patients) or a waitlist-control group (WCG) (33 patients)...
March 7, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268926/sound-preference-test-in-animal-models-of-addicts-and-phobias
#10
Ryo Soga, Tomoyo I Shiramatsu, Ryohei Kanzaki, Hirokazu Takahashi
Biased or too strong preference for a particular object is often problematic, resulting in addiction and phobia. In animal models, alternative forced-choice tasks have been routinely used, but such preference test is far from daily situations that addicts or phobic are facing. In the present study, we developed a behavioral assay to evaluate the preference of sounds in rodents. In the assay, several sounds were presented according to the position of free-moving rats, and quantified the sound preference based on the behavior...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268256/cannabidiol-regulation-of-emotion-and-emotional-memory-processing-relevance-for-treating-anxiety-related-and-substance-abuse-disorders
#11
REVIEW
Jonathan L C Lee, Leandro J Bertoglio, Francisco S Guimarães, Carl W Stevenson
Learning to associate cues or contexts with potential threats or rewards is adaptive and enhances survival. Both aversive and appetitive memories are therefore powerful drivers of behaviour, but the inappropriate expression of conditioned responding to fear- and drug-related stimuli can develop into anxiety-related and substance abuse disorders respectively. These disorders are associated with abnormally persistent emotional memories and inadequate treatment, often leading to symptom relapse. Studies show that cannabidiol, the main non-psychotomimetic phytocannabinoid found in Cannabis sativa, reduces anxiety via 5-HT1A and (indirect) cannabinoid receptor activation in paradigms assessing innate responses to threat...
March 7, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259723/influence-of-single-dose-quetiapine-on-fear-network-activity-a-pharmaco-imaging-study
#12
J Diemer, P Zwanzger, I Fohrbeck, M Zavorotnyy, S Notzon, K Silling, V Arolt, K Domschke, B Pfleiderer
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety disorders are among the most frequent psychiatric disorders. Current treatment guidelines recommend antidepressants, the calcium modulator gabapentin, and benzodiazepines as pharmacological treatments. However, delayed onset of action precludes the use of antidepressants as an acute treatment, while benzodiazepines can be recommended only as an emergency treatment due to their inherent risk of dependence. Therefore, an alternative pharmacological agent with acute efficacy is needed...
March 1, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258321/are-lifetime-affective-disorders-predictive-of-long-term-outcome-in-severe-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa
#13
B Carrot, L Radon, T Hubert, S Vibert, J Duclos, F Curt, N Godart
Depression and anxiety are commonly associated with anorexia nervosa (AN) and contribute to difficulties in social integration, a negative factor for outcome in AN. The link between those disorders and AN has been poorly studied. Thus, our objective was to investigate (1) the link between outcome nine years after hospitalisation for AN and the occurrence of lifetime anxious or depressive comorbidities; (2) the prognostic value of these comorbidities on patient outcome; 181 female patients were hospitalised for AN (between 13 and 22 years old), and were re-evaluated for their psychological, dietary, physical and social outcomes, from 6 to 12 years after their hospitalisation...
March 3, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256698/-treatment-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-adults-using-virtual-reality-through-a-mindfulness-programme
#14
J F Serra-Pla, M Pozuelo, V Richarte, M Corrales, P Ibanez, M Bellina, R Vidal, E Calvo, M Casas, J A Ramos-Quiroga
INTRODUCTION: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a highly prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder, which presents a high comorbidity with anxiety and affective signs and symptoms. It has repercussions on the functioning of those suffering from it, who also have low therapy compliance and generate a significant cost both at a personal level and for society. Mindfulness is a psychological treatment that has proved to be effective for ADHD. Virtual reality is widely used as treatment in cases of phobias and other pathologies, with positive results...
February 24, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245844/topical-corticosteroid-phobia-in-parents-of-pediatric-patients-with-atopic-dermatitis-a-multicentre-survey
#15
Maya El Hachem, Francesco Gesualdo, Giampaolo Ricci, Andrea Diociaiuti, Loredana Giraldi, Orsola Ametrano, Corrado Occella, Anna Belloni Fortina, Mirella Milioto, Fabio Arcangeli, Oriana Simonetti, Simona Giancristoforo, Elisabetta Calamelli, Carlo Mazzatenta, Iria Neri
BACKGROUND: Families of children affected with atopic dermatitis (AD) often report fear and anxiety regarding treatment with topical corticosteroids (TCS), which may lead to reduced compliance. The objective of our study was to measure, through a standardized questionnaire, fear of TCS in families of pediatric patients with AD and to identify items associated with fear. METHODS: Families of pediatric patients with AD were enrolled in 9 Italian centers of pediatric dermatology...
February 28, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236783/identifying-sub-categories-of-social-fears-using-an-alternative-factor-analytic-structure-of-the-social-phobia-and-anxiety-inventory
#16
Georgia Panayiotou, Michalis P Michaelides, Marios Theodorou, Klavdia Neophytou
AIMS: This study evaluates an alternative factor structure of the Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory (Turner et al., 1989), a widely used measure of social anxiety. Existing models ignore variance due to the different social contexts where social fears are expressed. METHOD: Taking a different approach to scoring than previous studies, this investigation proposes a new model, which, in addition to 4-5 symptom dimensions, is able to capture the situations (strangers, authority figures, members of the opposite sex and people in general) that are of concern to the examinee...
February 20, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233588/the-psychology-of-hpa-axis-activation-examining-subjective-emotional-distress-and-control-in-a-phobic-fear-exposure-model
#17
Stefanie E Mayer, Michael Snodgrass, Israel Liberzon, Hedieh Briggs, George C Curtis, James L Abelson
The HPA axis plays a key role in mediating the effects of "stress" on health, but clarifying mechanisms requires an understanding of psycho-biological linkages. There has long been an implicit assumption that subjective emotional distress (e.g., fear) should activate the HPA axis. Although this assumption was challenged 25 years ago (Curtis, 1976), laboratory studies in humans are limited. In this study we sought to replicate Curtis' findings and extend it by investigating if presence or absence of stressor control shapes HPA axis reactivity in a phobic fear exposure model...
February 9, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227131/sound-preference-test-in-animal-models-of-addicts-and-phobias
#18
Ryo Soga, Tomoyo I Shiramatsu, Ryohei Kanzaki, Hirokazu Takahashi, Ryo Soga, Tomoyo I Shiramatsu, Ryohei Kanzaki, Hirokazu Takahashi, Tomoyo I Shiramatsu, Ryohei Kanzaki, Ryo Soga, Hirokazu Takahashi
Biased or too strong preference for a particular object is often problematic, resulting in addiction and phobia. In animal models, alternative forced-choice tasks have been routinely used, but such preference test is far from daily situations that addicts or phobic are facing. In the present study, we developed a behavioral assay to evaluate the preference of sounds in rodents. In the assay, several sounds were presented according to the position of free-moving rats, and quantified the sound preference based on the behavior...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222820/the-cross-national-epidemiology-of-specific-phobia-in-the-world-mental-health-surveys
#19
K J Wardenaar, C C W Lim, A O Al-Hamzawi, J Alonso, L H Andrade, C Benjet, B Bunting, G de Girolamo, K Demyttenaere, S E Florescu, O Gureje, T Hisateru, C Hu, Y Huang, E Karam, A Kiejna, J P Lepine, F Navarro-Mateu, M Oakley Browne, M Piazza, J Posada-Villa, M L Ten Have, Y Torres, M Xavier, Z Zarkov, R C Kessler, K M Scott, P de Jonge
BACKGROUND: Although specific phobia is highly prevalent, associated with impairment, and an important risk factor for the development of other mental disorders, cross-national epidemiological data are scarce, especially from low- and middle-income countries. This paper presents epidemiological data from 22 low-, lower-middle-, upper-middle- and high-income countries. METHOD: Data came from 25 representative population-based surveys conducted in 22 countries (2001-2011) as part of the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys initiative (n = 124 902)...
February 22, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215269/is-there-an-association-between-short-sleep-duration-and-adolescent-anxiety-disorders
#20
Robert E Roberts, Hao T Duong
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to provide the first data on the prospective, reciprocal association between short sleep duration and DSM-IV anxiety disorders among adolescents. METHODS: A community-based two-wave cohort study included 4175 youths aged 11-17 years at baseline, with 3134 of these followed up a year later, drawn from a metropolitan area with a population of over 4 million. Anxiety is defined as any DSM-IV anxiety disorder in the past year generalized anxiety: panic disorder, agoraphobia without panic, social phobia, and post-traumatic stress disorder...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
keyword
keyword
1733
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"