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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149828/vortioxetine-treatment-for-anxiety-disorder-a-meta-analysis-study
#1
Anne Yee, Chong Guan Ng, Loh Huai Seng
BACKGROUND: Vortioxetine is a multimodal antidepressant that has been developed for the treatment of major depressive and anxiety disorders. The aim of this review is to quantitatively synthesize all data of the efficacy, safety and tolerability of Vortioxetine in treating anxiety disorder. METHOD: Terms of "Vortioxetine" OR "LuAA21004" AND "anxiety" OR "fear" OR "panic" OR "phobia" were searched. A total of two phase II and five phase III clinical trials were found...
November 17, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145793/portrayal-of-generalized-anxiety-disorder-in-youtube%C3%A2-videos
#2
Sarah A MacLean, Corey H Basch, Rachel Reeves, Charles E Basch
BACKGROUND: Individuals often search the Internet for information about their medical conditions, such as generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), a common mental health disorder. AIMS: To describe the content of the most popular videos on YouTube™ related to GAD. METHODS: Videos with at least 50,000 views in October 2016 were coded for information regarding symptoms, treatments and causes for GAD. Associations of content with factors such as popularity and focus on a personal experience were examined...
December 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144883/what-was-once-essential-may-become-detrimental-the-mediating-role-of-depersonalization-in-the-relationship-between-childhood-emotional-maltreatment-and-psychological-distress-in-adults
#3
Aoife Ó Laoide, Jonathan Egan, Kristin Osborn
Depersonalization (DP) is a dissociative phenomenon, characterised by feeling "unreal" or detached from one's own emotions, thoughts and behaviour (APA, 2013). It is considered a defense mechanism, employed in response to overwhelming events, whereby thoughts and emotions are suppressed in order to enhance the individual's' capacity to function in traumatic environments. DP has been found to co-occur with anxiety and depressive disorders and childhood emotional maltreatment (EM) has been identified as an important predisposing factor...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137173/psychiatric-disorders-differently-correlate-with-physical-self-rated-health-across-ethnic-groups
#4
Shervin Assari
In this study, we compared 10 ethnic groups for associations between psychiatric disorders and physical self-rated health (SRH) in the United States. Data came from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), 2001-2003. The study included 7587 non-Latino White, 4746 African American, 1442 Mexican, 1106 other Hispanic, 656 other Asian, 600 Chinese, 577 Cuban, 520 Vietnamese, 508 Filipino, and 495 Puerto Rican individuals. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was used to measure psychiatric disorders, including major depressive disorder (MDD), general anxiety disorder (GAD), social phobia, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), alcohol abuse, and binge eating disorders...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124989/perceived-rather-than-actual-overweight-is-associated-with-mental-health-problems-in-adolescence
#5
Vilma Lankinen, Sari Fröjd, Mauri Marttunen, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino
BACKGROUND: Overweight and perceived overweight are common among adolescents. The nature of the relationship between overweight/perceived overweight and mental health problems is still unclear. AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine whether actual overweight, perceived overweight or both are associated with internalizing and externalizing disorders among adolescents. METHODS: Data were collected by two similar school surveys in all Finnish-speaking secondary schools in Tampere (population 200,000) in the academic years 2002-2003 and 2012-2013...
November 10, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119914/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-with-comorbid-bipolar-disorders-clinical-features-and-treatment-implications
#6
Federico Mucci, Cristina Toni, Ettore Favaretto, Giulia Vannucchi, Donatella Marazziti, Giulio Perugi
BACKGROUND: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms within the context of a bipolar disorder (BD) have been described since the 19th century. Interestingly, the existence of a relevant overlap between the aforementioned psychiatric syndromes has been confirmed by a number of recent epidemiological and family studies. AIMS: The aim of the present paper is to review the clinical features and the therapeutic implications of the OCD-BD comorbidity. DISCUSSION: In the last two decades, the frequent association between OCD and BD has been earning a growing interest given its relevant nosological and therapeutic implications...
November 8, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118158/dental-hygienists-attitudes-toward-the-obese-population
#7
Gwen Essex, Keiko Miyahara, Dorothy J Rowe
Purpose: To explore dental hygienists' attitudes toward the obese population and to determine whether there are differences in attitudes among those with different self-reported body images.Methods: The study population was dental hygienists whose email addresses were in the database of the California Dental Hygienists' Association (CDHA). CDHA distributed the electronic message containing study information, informed consent, and a link to the survey. The survey consisted of 14 items from the Fat Phobia Scale, 13 items from the Anti-fat Attitudes Questionnaire (AFAQ), 3 demographic questions, and 1 question on body image...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110024/parenting-style-and-mental-disorders-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-us-adolescents
#8
John David Eun, Diana Paksarian, Jian-Ping He, Kathleen Ries Merikangas
PURPOSE: We examined associations between parenting style and past-year mental disorders in a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of US adolescents and whether the associations differed by adolescent demographic characteristics. METHODS: The sample included 6483 adolescents aged 13-18 years who were interviewed for a full range of DSM-IV mental disorders. Parenting style was assessed by adolescent-reported maternal and paternal care and control using items from the Parental Bonding Instrument...
November 6, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109676/oxytocin-removes-estrous-female-vs-male-preference-of-virgin-male-rats-mediation-of-the-supraoptic-nucleus-via-olfactory-bulbs
#9
Xiao-Yu Liu, Dan Cui, Dongyang Li, Runsheng Jiao, Xiaoran Wang, Shuwei Jia, Dan Hou, Tong Li, Haitao Liu, Ping Wang, Yu-Feng Wang
Social functions of oxytocin (OT) have been explored extensively; however, relationship between the effect of intranasally applied OT (nasal OT) on the social preference (SP) and intracerebral actions of endogenous OT remains unclear. To resolve this question, we first observed effects of nasal OT on the SP of virgin young adult male rats toward unfamiliar virgin estrous female (EF) vs. virgin male rats. The results showed that the test male rats exhibited significantly more times and longer duration accessing the female than the male, which were acutely eliminated by nasal OT...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107659/is-this-blood-an-erp-study-on-the-visual-identification-of-red-fluids-in-patients-with-blood-phobia
#10
Verena Leutgeb, Daniela Schwab, Wilfried Scharmüller, Carina Höfler, Anne Schienle
Blood can be easily recognized in situations involving injury. However, very little is known about the ability of humans to identify blood without such context information. We investigated the blood detection capacity and associated electrocortical correlates (event-related potentials) in 20 women with blood phobia and 20 non-phobic females. The participants viewed images depicting droplets of pig blood, and water with pink or red food coloring. They were asked to decide, whether the pictures showed real blood or not...
October 28, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101841/the-mediating-role-of-changes-in-harm-beliefs-and-coping-efficacy-in-youth-with-specific-phobias
#11
Thomas H Ollendick, Sarah M Ryan, Nicole N Capriola-Hall, Lena Reuterskiöld, Lars-Göran Öst
Individuals with specific phobias (SPs) often experience catastrophic cognitions and compromised efficacy regarding their ability to cope when in the presence of the phobic object/situation. In the current study, 165 children (7-16 years; 62% male) received either One Session Treatment or Educational Support Therapy for their SP. The children identified their feared belief and rated "how bad" it was, "how likely" it was to occur, and their ability to cope if it did occur. All of these ratings were reduced from pre-treatment to 6-month follow-up, across both treatment conditions...
October 18, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098136/the-effectiveness-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-treatment-of-psychiatric-disorders
#12
REVIEW
Vikram Kumar, Yasar Sattar, Anan Bseiso, Sara Khan, Ian H Rutkofsky
This review article is an overview of the effectiveness of internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (ICBT) in the treatment of psychiatric disorders. ICBT's effectiveness has been investigated in treating and managing conditions like depression, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), adjustment disorder, bipolar disorder, chronic pain, and phobias. ICBT's role in the treatment of medical conditions such as diabetes mellitus with comorbid psychiatric illnesses was also explored...
August 29, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096207/avoidant-personality-disorder-and-social-phobia-does-mindreading-make-the-difference
#13
Giovanni Pellecchia, Fabio Moroni, Livia Colle, Antonio Semerari, Antonino Carcione, Teresa Fera, Donatella Fiore, Giuseppe Nicolò, Roberto Pedone, Michele Procacci
OBJECTIVE: Avoidant personality disorder (AvPD) is closely related to and partially overlaps with social phobia (SP). There is an ongoing debate as to whether AvPD and SP can be classified as separate and distinct disorders or whether these diagnoses rather reflect different degrees of severity of social anxiety. The hypothesis of this study is that in patients with AvPD and in those with AvPD and comorbid SP both interpersonal functioning and metacognitive abilities (the ability to understand mental states) are more severely impaired than they are in patients with SP only...
September 28, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081326/treatment-of-storm-fears-using-virtual-reality-and-progressive-muscle-relaxation
#14
Jessica Lima, Hanna McCabe-Bennett, Martin M Antony
BACKGROUND: The present study examined the efficacy of virtual reality (VR) exposure therapy for treating individuals with storm fears by comparing a one-session VR exposure treatment with a one-session progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) and psychoeducation session. AIMS: It was predicted that there would be a reduction in storm-related fear post-treatment for individuals in both conditions, but that this reduction would be greater for those in the VR exposure condition...
October 30, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078170/prevalence-of-mental-disorders-among-depressed-coronary-patients-with-and-without-type-d-personality-results-of-the-multi-center-spirr-cad-trial
#15
Frank Lambertus, Christoph Herrmann-Lingen, Kurt Fritzsche, Stefanie Hamacher, Martin Hellmich, Jana Jünger, Karl-Heinz Ladwig, Matthias Michal, Joram Ronel, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz, Frank Vitinius, Cora Weber, Christian Albus
OBJECTIVE: Type D personality, as with formal mental disorders, is linked to increased mortality in coronary heart disease (CHD). Our aim was to determine the prevalence of mental disorders among depressed CHD patients with and without Type D personality. METHODS: Depressive symptoms (HADS, HAM-D), Type D personality (DS-14) and mental disorders based on DSM-IV (SCID I and II) were assessed. Results were calculated by Kruskal-Wallis tests, Fisher's exact tests and logistic regression analyses...
October 7, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075493/perceptions-of-eating-disorder-diagnoses-and-body-image-issues-in-four-male-cases-in-singapore
#16
Evelyn Boon, Kelly Ann Zainal, Stephen W Touyz
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing number of patients presenting for treatment, little is still known about male eating disorders cases. The current study presents four male eating disorder cases presented to our specialized treatment facility in Singapore. CASE PRESENTATION: Cases 1, 2 and 3 are homosexual males in their twenties and thirties who presented with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Case 4 is a heterosexual male in his twenties diagnosed with binge eating disorder...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068253/topical-e6005-rvt-501-a-novel-phosphodiesterase-4-inhibitor-for-the-treatment-of-atopic-dermatitis
#17
Masutaka Furue, Takafumi Kadono, Gaku Tsuji, Takeshi Nakahara
Local adverse effects of steroid use and the burning sensation of calcineurin inhibitors impair patients' adherence to treatment and decrease the treatment response in atopic dermatitis (AD). Steroid phobia appears to be a psychological problem in patients with AD. Topical non-steroidal remedies are in demand. Areas covered: This manuscript reviews the current literature on preclinical and clinical studies regarding topical E6005/RVT-501, a novel phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor. We also discuss the mechanistic background of E6005/RVT-501 in the treatment of AD...
October 31, 2017: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062849/fauna-and-geographical-distribution-of-scorpions-in-ilam-province-south-western-iran
#18
Narges Sharifinia, Iman Gowhari, Manijeh Hoseiny-Rad, Ali Ashraf Aivazi
BACKGROUND: Scorpions' stings and their own mortalities place them among the most important health and medical problems. The dreadful features and especially their poisonous stings are considered a major cause of human stress and abhorrence/phobia. The current study aimed to study the scorpion fauna of Ilam Province, south western Iran in order to manage scorpionism related problems. METHODS: In this field-laboratory investigation during March 2014 to February 2015, different parts of Ilam Province were surveyed...
June 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061602/cognitive-bias-modification-for-social-anxiety-in-adults-who-stutter-a-feasibility-study-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Jan McAllister, Sally Gascoine, Amy Carroll, Kate Humby, Mary Kingston, Lee Shepstone, Helen Risebro, Bundy Mackintosh, Tammy Davidson Thompson, Jo Hodgekins
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and acceptability of a computerised treatment for social anxiety disorder for adults who stutter including identification of recruitment, retention and completion rates, large cost drivers and selection of most appropriate outcome measure(s) to inform the design of a future definitive trial. DESIGN: Two-group parallel design (treatment vs placebo), double-blinded feasibility study. PARTICIPANTS: 31 adults who stutter...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056773/investigating-mental-health-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis-and-its-relationship-with-some-clinical-and-demographic-factors
#20
Masoumeh Nazarinasab, Azim Motamedfar, Azin Eskandari Moqadam
OBJECTIVE: The reduction in the level of mental health, particularly depression is associated with outcome of treatment in patients with osteoarthritis (OA). There is no broader research into mental health or mental health care for OA patients. The purpose of the present study was to determine mental health and its relationship with some clinical and demographic factors among patients with OA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 94 patients with osteoarthritis were included in presented study...
2017: Reumatologia
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