keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Toenail

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752090/dr-buzby-s-toegrips-%C3%A2-application-results-in-minimal-changes-in-kinetic-gait-parameters-in-normal-dogs
#1
James K Roush, Leslie E Moore, Walter C Renberg
Poor traction on slick surfaces is difficult for dogs with neurologic deficits, osteoarthritis, or recovering from injury or surgery. Many dogs respond inappropriately to slick surfaces by decreasing digital pad-floor contact and extending their toenails. A device marketed to increase paw-floor friction in dogs was evaluated. Fifteen normal dogs underwent kinetic gait analysis before and after application of Dr. Buzby's ToeGrips(®). Ground reaction forces, including vertical peak force (VPF) and impulse for each limb, were measured and compared between pre- and post-application values...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749415/association-between-toenail-magnesium-and-type-2-diabetes-in-chinese-adults
#2
Jiguo Zhang, Huijun Wang, Zhihong Wang, Ji Zhang, Bing Zhang
Previous studies have showed an inverse association between magnesium level and type 2 diabetes, but the results are inconsistent, and the evidence relates only to dietary and serum magnesium. Moreover, it is not certain how these findings are applicable to Asian people. This study was designed to examine the association between toenail magnesium and type 2 diabetes in Chinese adults. The sample was 5683 adults aged 18 years or older from the 2009 China Health and Nutrition Survey. We used hemoglobin A1c equal to or greater than 6...
July 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710932/measurement-of-239-pu-in-keratinous-materials-a-potential-non-invasive-bioassay-for-monitoring-human-exposure
#3
John W N Brown, John D Brockman, J David Robertson
The use of hair, toenail, and fingernail as non-invasive monitors of occupational and environmental exposure to (239)Pu are reported. Volunteers from US national laboratories and individuals with suspected environmental exposure to Pu were recruited to participate in the study. The exposure history of cases was assessed using a short questionnaire. Levels of Pu in keratinous materials collected from the exposed individuals were above the limit of detection in 5 of 7 cases with concentrations ranging from 0...
July 1, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707751/oral-antifungal-medication-for-toenail-onychomycosis
#4
REVIEW
Sanne Kreijkamp-Kaspers, Kate Hawke, Linda Guo, George Kerin, Sally Em Bell-Syer, Parker Magin, Sophie V Bell-Syer, Mieke L van Driel
BACKGROUND: Fungal infection of the toenails, also called onychomycosis, is a common problem that causes damage to the nail's structure and physical appearance. For those severely affected, it can interfere with normal daily activities. Treatment is taken orally or applied topically; however, traditionally topical treatments have low success rates due to the nail's physical properties. Oral treatments also appear to have shorter treatment times and better cure rates. Our review will assist those needing to make an evidence-based choice for treatment...
July 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706389/current-mycological-profile-of-onychomycosis-in-kashmir-valley-a-hospital-based-study
#5
Nazir Asifa, Kanth Farhath
INTRODUCTION: Onychomycosis is a common nail ailment associated with significant physical and psychological morbidity. It is caused by dermatophytes, nondermatophytic molds, and yeasts. Increased prevalence in the recent years is attributed to enhanced longevity, comorbid conditions such as diabetes, avid sports participation, and emergence of HIV. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to identify the mycological profile and etiological agents associated with this infection...
July 2017: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681095/nail-patella-syndrome
#6
REVIEW
Ralph Witzgall
The pathognomonic symptoms of patients with nail-patella syndrome are their small or absent patellae and dysplastic or absent finger- and toenails. Many of the patients suffer from renal symptoms which also affect their prognosis. In 1998, mutations in the gene encoding the transcription factor LMX1B were identified as underlying this autosomal-dominant disease. The LMX1B gene is expressed in a variety of tissues, and the symptoms are reflected nicely by its expression pattern. LMX1B is essential for dorso-ventral pattern formation in the limbs, for differentiation of the anterior portions of the eyes, for development of certain neuron populations in the central nervous system, and for the differentiation and maintenance of podocytes...
August 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681027/epidemiological-survey-of-dermatophytosis-in-damascus-syria-from-2008-to-2016
#7
M T Ismail, A Al-Kafri
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: It is important to follow annually the probable changes in distribution pattern of dermatophytosis and its etiological agents in different communities. In this study, we determined the prevalence of dermatophytosis and its causative agents in Damascus, Syria, between 2008 and 2016. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 4080 outpatients who visited the dermatological clinics in Damascus, were evaluated. The specimens were collected from clinically suspected tinea...
September 2016: Advances in Medical Mycology (Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678089/children-receiving-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-are-at-increased-risk-of-onychocryptosis-requiring-surgical-management
#8
Brian Ezekian, Brian R Englum, Brian F Gilmore, Jina Kim, Harold J Leraas, Timothy A Driscoll, Elisabeth T Tracy, Henry E Rice
PURPOSE: At our institution, a high proportion of children with onychocryptosis (ingrown toenail) requiring surgical intervention were noted to have a history of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We analyzed the characteristics of patients who underwent surgical intervention for onychocryptosis and examined our institutional HSCT database to determine if an association exists between onychocryptosis and HSCT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surgical cases for onychocryptosis performed from 2000 to 2012 were identified...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670355/a-retrospective-study-of-non-thermal-laser-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-toenail-onychomycosis
#9
Kerry Zang, Robert Sullivan, Steven Shanks
Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of non-thermal laser therapy for treating toenail onychomycosis. Design: This retrospective study analyzed the results of three nonrandomized, open-label studies. The device used was a 635nm/405nm dual-diode laser. Affected toenails were treated for 12 minutes weekly for 2 or 4 weeks. Setting: Treatments occurred in clinic and private office settings. Participants: Subjects with onychomycosis-infected toenails were enrolled. Measurements: Fifty great toenails were included in the analysis based on visually identifiable onychomycosis; thickened, discolored nail plate; and confirmed etiology of onychomycosis...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662449/maternal-exposure-to-selenium-and-cadmium-fetal-growth-and-placental-expression-of-steroidogenic-and-apoptotic-genes
#10
Todd M Everson, Maya Kappil, Ke Hao, Brian P Jackson, Tracy Punshon, Margaret R Karagas, Jia Chen, Carmen J Marsit
BACKGROUND: Cadmium (Cd) and selenium (Se) antagonistically influence redox balance and apoptotic signaling, with Cd potentially promoting and Se inhibiting oxidative stress and apoptosis. Alterations to placental redox and apoptotic functions by maternal exposure to Cd and Se during pregnancy may explain some of the Cd and Se associations with fetal development. OBJECTIVES: Investigate associations between Cd and Se concentrations in maternal toenails with placental expression patterns of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and steroidogenic genes involved in redox reactions and test associations with fetal growth...
October 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662050/cord-blood-t-cell-subpopulations-and-associations-with-maternal-cadmium-and-arsenic-exposures
#11
Unni C Nygaard, Zhigang Li, Thomas Palys, Brian Jackson, Melanie Subbiah, Meena Malipatlolla, Vanitha Sampath, Holden Maecker, Margaret R Karagas, Kari C Nadeau
BACKGROUND: Arsenic and cadmium are environmental pollutants, and although the evidence for adverse immune effects after prenatal arsenic and cadmium exposures is increasing, little is known about the underlying immunological mechanisms. METHODS: We investigated the relationship between prenatal arsenic and cadmium exposures and a variety of T cell subpopulations measured in cord blood for 63 participants in the New Hampshire Birth Cohort Study. Post-partum toenail concentrations of arsenic and cadmium were used as an estimate of maternal exposure during pregnancy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650763/posttraumatic-retronychia-of-the-foot-with-clinical-and-ultrasound-correlation
#12
Mariana Pizarro, Nicolás Pieressa, Ximena Wortsman
Retronychia, the posterior embedding of the nail bed into the proximal nail fold, can be a complex clinical dermatologic diagnosis that may mimic other inflammatory ungual diseases or tumors of the nail. It has been related to a history of severe systemic conditions that secondarily affect the nail matrix and is commonly associated with onychomadesis. We present a case of retronychia of the foot with a purely traumatic origin, nonconcomitant with onychomadesis, that was diagnosed by color Doppler ultrasound in a long-time practitioner of martial arts who was otherwise healthy...
May 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640763/the-effectiveness-of-matrix-cauterization-with-bichloracetic-acid-in-the-treatment-of-ingrown-toenails-erratum
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625501/hyperkeratosis-and-discoloration-of-the-toenails-in-an-8-year-old
#14
Karlyn Pollack, Barrett Zlotoff, Barbara Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619973/marjolin-s-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-hallux-following-recurrent-ingrown-toenail-infections
#15
Wahid Abdul, Barry James O'Neill, Anthony Perera
Marjolin's squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) affecting the toe is rare. Due to resemblance with benign conditions it can often result in misdiagnosis. We report a case of Marjolin's SCC affecting the proximal hallux in a patient with recurrent ingrown toenail infections. A 58-year-old woman with a background of wedge resections for ingrown toenail and distal phalanx amputation for osteomyelitis presented with pain and hyperkeratotic raised ulcer around the proximal phalanx. MRI scan revealed soft tissue mass infiltrating the proximal phalanx with biopsies confirming a SCC...
June 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611998/recurrent-paronychia-as-a-presenting-manifestation-of-pemphigus-vulgaris-a-case-report
#16
Vijay Zawar, Manoj Pawar, Shrikant Kumavat
Nail involvement in pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is an unusual clinical finding. The most common clinical manifestations include chronic paronychia and onychomadesis. We report an adult female patient with PV who initially presented with chronic paronychia of multiple fingernails and toenails before the onset of vesiculobullous eruptions. Later on, after complete resolution, there was recurrence of pemphigus presenting as hemorrhagic paronychia of the left index finger. Systemic treatment with corticosteroids and azathioprine led to complete resolution of mucocutaneous lesions as well as nail manifestations...
March 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611995/an-update-on-the-disappearing-nail-bed
#17
Ralph Daniel, Babaev Meir, Shemer Avner
BACKGROUND: The nail bed may epithelialize and develop dermatoglyphics after long-standing onycholysis. We have called this phenomenon the disappearing nail bed (DNB). DNB may present as a shortened or narrow nail bed. METHODS: Examination of all 20 nails was performed in each patient enrolled to the study. DNB was defined as the presence of a nail which is at least 20% shorter and/or narrower than the identical nail on the opposite hand or foot. Age, sex, and nail history were recorded...
March 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609764/hemodialysis-and-kidney-transplantation-as-predisposing-conditions-to-onychomycosis
#18
Antonio M S Filho, Carlucci G Ventura, Paulo R Criado, Gilda B Del Negro, Roseli S Freitas, Olinda C Luiz, Mauro C Giudice, Elias D Neto, Gil Benard
BACKGROUND/AIM: Onychomycosis (OM) is one of the commonest superficial fungal infections. Patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) treatment and kidney transplant recipients (KTR) are considered at risk of contracting fungal infections, but the few published data do not reach the conclusion of whether they are predisposed to OM. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and etiology of OM in these patients and to determine the antifungal susceptibility profile of the isolated fungal species...
June 14, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594608/etiology-of-onychomycosis-in-patients-turkey
#19
Fatma Pelin Cengiz, Bengu Cevirgen Cemil, Nazan Emiroglu, Anılgülsel Bahalı, Dilek Biyik Ozkaya, Ozlem Su, Nahide Onsun
BACKGROUND: Onychomycosis is the chronic infection of the nails, and it is caused by dermatophytes, Candida, non- dermatophyte molds, Trichosporon genus. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 225 cases with onychomycosis, diagnosed in a 27-month period at the Department of Dermatoveneorology, Bezmialem Vakif University in Istanbul, and confirmed with culture. RESULTS: The age of patients ranged from 2 to 87 years (41.59 ± 17.61) and females were more commonly affected (120 cases, 53...
June 8, 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587478/operative-treatment-of-the-ingrown-toenail-with-a-less-invasive-technique-flashback-to-the-original-winograd-technique
#20
Yalkin Camurcu, Hakan Sofu, Ahmet Issin, Nizamettin Kockara, Hakan Saygili
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of the partial nail plate excision and curettage of nail bed and matrix (the original Winograd technique) in patients with ingrown toenail. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with ingrown toenail who were treated surgically from May 2014 to June 2015, with a minimum follow-up of 1 year were included in this study. Those who had previous ingrown toenail surgery were excluded. Partial nail plate excision with curettage of nail bed and nail matrix was performed for all patients...
June 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
keyword
keyword
17323
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"