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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043846/-gay-equals-white-racial-ethnic-and-sexual-identities-and-attitudes-toward-lgbt-individuals-among-college-students-at-a-bible-belt-university
#1
Meredith G F Worthen
While past research has certainly explored a variety of correlates of attitudes toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals, the current study is among the first in an emerging line of inquiry that examines attitudes toward each of these groups separately utilizing an intersectional framework with special attention to racial, ethnic, and sexual identities. Using a college sample of students from the Bible Belt of the United States (N = 1,940), I investigated the roles of racial and ethnic identities (Caucasian/White, African American/Black, Asian/Pacific Islander, Native American/Alaskan Native, other race, and Hispanic/Latinx), religiosity, patriarchal gender norms, parental perspectives, and the intersections among these identities and experiences as they relate to attitudes toward LGBT individuals among heterosexual (n = 1,551) and LGB respondents (n = 389)...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042372/awareness-and-willingness-towards-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-against-hiv-infection-among-individuals-seeking-voluntary-counselling-and-testing-for-hiv-in-taiwan-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-survey
#2
Yi-Chieh Lee, Sui-Yuan Chang, Kuan-Yin Lin, Lan-Hsin Chang, Wen-Chun Liu, Cheng-Hsin Wu, Hsin-Yun Sun, Chien-Ching Hung, Shan-Chwen Chang
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the awareness and willingness towards pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among individuals seeking voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) for HIV in Taiwan, where PrEP is currently not reimbursed by the insurance. METHODS: Between April and October 2016, a questionnaire interview was conducted among VCT clients to inquire about the attitudes towards PrEP against HIV infection. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the associated factors with willingness to initiate PrEP...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035167/labeling-same-sex-sexuality-in-a-tolerant-society-that-values-normality-the-dutch-case
#3
Jantine van Lisdonk, Lorraine Nencel, Saskia Keuzenkamp
Studies have pointed to a trend in Western societies toward the normalization of homosexuality and emerging "post-gayness" among young people, who no longer consider their sexual identity meaningful in defining themselves. This article takes a closer look at the Dutch case where tolerance is regarded a national virtue, while society remains heteronormative. In 38 interviews with Dutch same-sex attracted young people we investigated the labels they used to describe their sexual orientation to reveal what they can tell us about normalization, tolerance, and heteronormativity...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028416/differences-in-risky-sexual-behavior-according-to-sexual-orientation-in-korean-adolescents
#4
Ji-Su Kim, Kyunghee Kim, Yeunhee Kwak
Adolescents in sexual minority groups are known to be at risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases through risky sexual behavior. However, few studies have examined associations between sexual orientation and risky sexual behavior and sexually transmitted diseases in Korean adolescents. Therefore, this cross-sectional study used raw data from the Tenth Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-Based Survey to explore these relationships. Logistic regression analyses were performed to examine the associations between risky sexual behavior and sexual orientation in adolescents...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023207/sexual-orientation-as-a-peripheral-cue-in-advertising-effects-of-models-sexual-orientation-argument-strength-and-involvement-on-responses-to-magazine-ads
#5
Adrienne Holz Ivory
This study examines how sexual orientation of couples featured in magazine advertisements affects heterosexual viewers' responses using the elaboration likelihood model as a framework. A 3 × 2 × 2 × 3 experiment tested effects of sexual orientation, argument strength, involvement, and attitudes towards homosexuality on heterosexuals' attitudes toward the couple, advertisement, brand, and product, purchase intentions, and recall. Results indicate that consumers were accepting of ads with lesbian portrayals...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021399/modelling-of-anti-latency-treatment-in-hiv-what-is-the-optimal-duration-of-anti-retroviral-free-hiv-remission
#6
Deborah Cromer, Mykola Pinkevych, Thomas A Rasmussen, Sharon R Lewin, Stephen J Kent, Miles P Davenport
A number of treatment strategies are currently being developed to promote anti-retroviral free HIV cure or remission. While complete elimination of the HIV reservoir would prevent recurrence of infection, it is not clear how different remission lengths would affect viral rebound and transmission. In this work we use a stochastic model to show that a treatment that achieves a one-year average time to viral remission will still lead to nearly a quarter of subjects experiencing viral rebound within the first three months...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016250/scrutinizing-homophobia-a-model-of-perception-of-homosexuals-in-russia
#7
Olga A Gulevich, Evgeny N Osin, Nadezhda A Isaenko, Lilia M Brainis
We aimed to develop and validate a model of associations of perceived threat of homosexuals with lay beliefs about causes of homosexuality, group entitativity of homosexuals, approval of social action strategies targeting homosexuals, and support for their rights using original Russian-language measures. We tested the model in two samples of social network users (n = 1,007) and student respondents (n = 292) using structural equation modeling and path analysis. Attribution of homosexuality to social causes was a positive predictor of perceived threat of homosexuals, whereas biological causes showed an inverse effect...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986707/understanding-homosexuality-moving-on-from-patterns-to-mechanisms
#8
Sergey Gavrilets, Urban Friberg, William R Rice
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956732/attitudes-towards-homosexuality-in-china-exploring-the-effects-of-religion-modernizing-factors-and-traditional-culture
#9
Xie Ying, Peng Minggang
Using the zero-inflated model and nationally representative sample data from the Chinese General Social Surveys 2013, this study systematically explored the effects of religion, modernizing factors, and traditional culture on attitudes towards homosexuality in China. The findings indicate that most Chinese people generally hold conservative attitudes towards homosexuality, as approximately 78.53% of the respondents believed that "same-sex sexual behavior is always wrong". Modernizing factors (i.e., education, exposure to internet information and liberal inclinations) predicted greater tolerance for homosexuality, whereas Islamic beliefs negatively influenced respondents' attitudes towards homosexuality...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953765/when-asperger-s-disorder-came-out
#10
Chloe Gamlin
BACKGROUND: In 2013, the American Psychiatric Association removed Asperger's Disorder from the DSM, offering instead the new DSM-5 diagnosis: Autism Spectrum Disorder. This change has been hailed the most controversial exclusion from the DSM, yet unlike the 1973 removal of homosexuality from DSM-III, Asperger's disorder has not been demedicalised. Rather, the disorder has simply been reclassified as part of the DSM-5 Autism Spectrum and therefore retains its fundamental characteristic as a mental disorder owing to its inclusion within the sphere of the DSM...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935384/disparities-in-body-mass-index-trajectories-from-adolescence-to-early-adulthood-for-sexual-minority-women
#11
Sarah M Wood, Whitney Schott, Michael P Marshal, Aletha Y Akers
PURPOSE: We aimed to estimate group-based trajectories of body mass index (BMI) in a longitudinal cohort of young women and determine the association between sexual identity and BMI trajectory group, adjusting for obesity risk factors. METHODS: We analyzed data from females in waves I-IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. Sexual identity was categorized as heterosexual, mostly heterosexual, bisexual, or lesbian (homosexual/mostly homosexual)...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934073/essentialist-beliefs-about-homosexuality-predict-positive-and-negative-behavioral-intentions-toward-lesbian-women-and-gay-men
#12
Aleksandra Huic, Margareta Jelic, Zeljka Kamenov
This study focuses on essentialist beliefs about homosexuality as determinants of discriminatory intentions against gay men and lesbian women (LG) and the readiness to engage in positive action toward them. A sample of 997 exclusively heterosexual adults participated in an online study set in Croatia, a country with high homophobia undergoing social change that threatens the higher status of the heterosexual majority. Beliefs about immutability and universality of homosexuality were associated with less intention to discriminate and more readiness to engage in positive behavior, while discreteness beliefs were inversely related to both...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929946/egalitarian-from-homophile-to-helicophile-in-post-ww2-america
#13
Diederik F Janssen
The presidency of gender in the Anglo-American taxonomy of sexualities has historically been haunted by the irruption of "other" parameters of medicalization, censure and caesura, not in the least absolute and relative measures of age. Where today's clinical psychologists feel the need to age-specify adult homosexuality in such Hirschfeldian terms as androphilia, however, the felt need is indeed still essentially clinical. That cosmopolitan expressions such as homosexual, LGB or queer rarely require such specifications relies on a protracted and today arguably complete disarticulation of sex/gender and age/maturity as parameters of sexual orientation, accreditation and mobilization...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929864/the-role-of-patient-provider-sexual-health-communication-in-understanding-the-uptake-of-hiv-prevention-services-among-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#14
Alvin J Rucker, Ashley Murray, Zaneta Gaul, Madeline Y Sutton, Patrick A Wilson
We examined factors that may be associated with whether Black men who have sex with men a) disclose their sexual orientation to healthcare providers, and b) discuss their sexual health with healthcare providers to inform interventions to improve HIV prevention efforts and reduce HIV incidence rates among Black men who have sex with men. During 2011-2012, we conducted semi-structured individual in-depth interviews with Black men who have sex with men in New York City. Interviews were audio recorded. We examined transcribed responses for main themes using a qualitative exploratory approach followed by computer-assisted thematic analyses...
September 20, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916405/love-death-a-retrospective-and-prospective-follow-up-mortality-study-over-45-years
#15
Lena Lange, Barbara Zedler, Marcel A Verhoff, Markus Parzeller
BACKGROUND: Although sexual activity can cause moderate stress, it can cause natural death in individuals with pre-existing illness. The aim of this study was to identify additional pre-existing health problems, sexual practices, and potential circumstances that may trigger fatal events. METHODS: This medicolegal postmortem, retrospective, and prospective study is based on data of autopsies performed at the Institute of Legal Medicine of the University hospital, Goethe-University, Frankfurt/Main, Germany...
October 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915992/-boys-should-have-the-courage-to-ask-a-girl-out-gender-norms-in-early-adolescent-romantic-relationships
#16
Sara De Meyer, Anna Kågesten, Kristin Mmari, Juliet McEachran, Elisa Chilet-Rosell, Caroline W Kabiru, Beatrice Maina, Elena M Jerves, Candace Currie, Kristien Michielsen
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to explore how gender norms emerge in romantic relationships among early adolescents (EAs) living in five poor urban areas. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the Global Early Adolescent Study. The current research analyzed data from interviews with 30 EAs (aged 11-13 years) living in five poor urban sites: Baltimore, Cuenca, Edinburgh, Ghent, and Nairobi. All interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed in English using Atlas...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910923/-a-qualitative-study-on-high-risk-behaviors-and-related-factors-of-reported-hiv-aids-cases-aged-60-years-and-above-in-some-areas-of-henan-province
#17
N Li, H Li, Y M Ma, P Y Fan, W J Yang, Q Zhu
Objective: To understand the major high risk behaviors and related factors among reported HIV/AIDS cases aged ≥60 years in some areas of Henan province. Methods: In Dengzhou, Xunxian county of Hebi and Xiangcheng county of Xuchang, where the reported number and proportion of HIV/AIDS cases aged ≥60 years were high, a face to face interview was conducted among the cases aged ≥60 years during July-August in 2016. The information about the high risk behaviors before HIV infection confirmation were collected by using a semi-structured questionnaire...
September 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905687/victimisation-and-life-satisfaction-of-gay-and-bisexual-individuals-in-44-european-countries-the-moderating-role-of-country-level-and-person-level-attitudes-towards-homosexuality
#18
Paraskevas Petrou, Richard Lemke
We examined the link between victimisation and life satisfaction for 85,301 gay and bisexual individuals across 44 European countries. We expected this negative link to be stronger when the internalised homonegativity of the victim was high (e.g. because the victim is more vulnerable) and weaker when victimisation occurs in countries that express intolerance towards homosexuality (e.g. because in such contexts victims expect victimisation more and they attribute it to their external environment). Additionally, we expected internalised homonegativity to relate negatively to life satisfaction...
September 14, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901825/beyond-homonegativity-understanding-hong-kong-people-s-attitudes-about-social-acceptance-of-gay-lesbian-people-sexual-orientation-discrimination-protection-and-same-sex-marriage
#19
Tien Ee Dominic Yeo, Tsz Hang Chu
This study examined attitudes about social acceptance, discrimination protection, and marriage equality for gay/lesbian people with a representative sample of 1,008 Hong Kong Chinese adults via a telephone survey. Despite majority endorsement of homosexuality (52.29% positive vs 34.12% negative) and discrimination protection (50.77% favorable vs 14.62% opposed), attitudes toward same-sex marriage diverged (32.72% favorable vs 39.45% opposed). There was a sharp distinction in accepting gay/lesbian people as co-workers (83...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889801/do-health-professionals-have-a-prototype-concept-of-disease-the-answer-is-no
#20
Bjørn Hofmann
BACKGROUND: Health and disease are core concepts in health care and have attracted substantial interest and controversy. In recent and interesting contributions to the debate it has been argued that the challenges with the concept of disease can be resolved by a prototype concept of disease. As a robin is a more prototypical of a bird than a penguin, some diseases are more prototypical than others. If disease is a prototype concept, it would change nosology, but also health care and the study of health and disease...
September 11, 2017: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
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