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Mariola Smotrys, Tara Magge, Samer Alkhuja, Susheer Dilbagh Gandotra
This is a case of a 71-year-old homosexual man who presented with a 4-day history of fever, weakness and headaches, near syncope, nausea and poor oral intake. The patient denied recent travel or sick contacts but had significant tick bites in the last 4 weeks. A peripheral blood smear showed 0.5% parasitaemia with signet ring appearance organisms consistent with Babesia microti. Serology testing for HIV 1 and 2 by ELISA and western blot were positive. Treatment for Babesia was started and the patient improved...
June 8, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Michael Saheb Kashaf, Peter R Butler, Billy H Cordon-Galiano, Amin S Herati
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine Report and Department of Health and Human Services Healthy People 2020 Initiative have called for steps to address health disparities facing sexual minorities. AIM: We sought to characterize the practice patterns of sexual health specialists as they relate to men who have sex with men (MSM). METHODS: Surveys were electronically mailed to 696 members of the Sexual Medicine Society of North America (SMSNA)...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Olga Petri
This paper explores queer sexual policing in late Imperial St. Petersburg (c.1900-1917). The focus is on the street-level constables who bore the principal responsibility for policing male homosexual offences in the city's public and semi-public spaces. This emphasis on the street-level policing of homosexuality contrasts with other discussions of gay urban history and the oppression of queer men by the authorities. The paper draws on new evidence from precinct-level police archives to complement and challenge previous discussions of queer sexual policing in the Imperial capital...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
María Dolores Gil-Llario, Vicente Morell-Mengual, Cristina Giménez-García, Pedro Salmerón-Sánchez, Rafael Ballester-Arnal
Sexual Sensation Seeking has been identified as a main predictor of unsafe sex that particularly affects LGB people. This study adapts and validates the Sexual Sensation Seeking Scale to Spanish LGB people. For this purpose, we tested the factor structure in 1237 people, ranged from 17 to 60 years old, 880 self-defined as homosexuals and 357 as bisexuals. The results support the appropriateness of this scale for Spanish LGB people and determine two factors, explaining the 49.91% of variance: "physical sensations attraction" and "sexual experiences"...
June 7, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
Mark S Allen, Emma E Walter
This meta-analytic review addresses whether the major dimensions of trait personality relate to components of human sexuality. A comprehensive literature search identified 137 studies that met inclusion criteria (761 effect sizes; total n = 420,595). Pooled mean effects were computed using inverse-variance weighted random effects meta-analysis. Mean effect sizes from 100 separate meta-analyses provided evidence that personality relates to theoretically predicted components of sexuality and sexual health. Neuroticism was positively related to sexual dissatisfaction (r+ = ...
June 7, 2018: Psychological Bulletin
Jamal H Essayli, Jessica M Murakami, Janet D Latner
The present study explored the perceived sexual orientation of hypothetical men and women with various eating disorders and obesity. Undergraduates were randomly provided with one vignette describing a male or female with anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), binge-eating disorder, or obesity and asked about the target's likely sexual orientation. Significant differences emerged between male and female targets with AN and BN on the forced-choice question, with a greater percentage of participants indicating that the male targets were probably non-heterosexual...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
Kanika K Ahuja, Megha Dhillon, Anisha Juneja, Siksha Deepak, Garima Srivastava
Prejudice against gay and lesbian persons remains largely an unaddressed issue in India. This experimental study involved designing, implementing and assessing the effectiveness of an intervention to foster positive attitudes towards the homosexual community among Indian college students. The experimental group (n = 60) received a three component module including perspective taking, education and direct contact with gay and lesbian persons. Attitudes towards homosexuals, empathy and self esteem were measured using standardized questionnaires fifteen days before the intervention and immediately following the intervention...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
Christoph Abé, Qazi Rahman, Niklas Långström, Eleonore Rydén, Martin Ingvar, Mikael Landén
BACKGROUND: Nonheterosexual individuals have higher risk of psychiatric morbidity. Together with growing evidence for sexual orientation-related brain differences, this raises the concern that sexual orientation may be an important factor to control for in neuroimaging studies of neuropsychiatric disorders. METHODS: We studied sexual orientation in adult psychiatric patients with bipolar disorder (BD) or ADHD in a large clinical cohort (N = 154). We compared cortical brain structure in exclusively heterosexual women (HEW, n = 29) with that of nonexclusively heterosexual women (nHEW, n = 37) using surface-based reconstruction techniques provided by FreeSurfer...
May 29, 2018: Brain and Behavior
Edmond Pui Hang Choi, Janet Yuen Ha Wong, Angel Yin Yim Lau, Daniel Yee Tak Fong
To date, empirical studies on HPV vaccine uptake are still limited in Chinese populations and mainly conducted in female cohorts. In order to inform health services planning and health promotion programmes for HPV vaccination, this cross-sectional study aimed to report the prevalence of self-reported HPV vaccination status and to examine gender and sexual orientation differences in the uptake of HPV vaccine in Chinese college students. The overall prevalence of HPV vaccine uptake was 27.6% ( n = 242), with a significantly higher prevalence in females (39...
May 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Andreas Brandt Gormsen, Jon Erik Fraes Diernæs, Jørgen Skov Jensen, Uffe Koppelhus
This is a case report of lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) manifesting as haemorrhagic proctocolitis in a homosexual HIV-positive male. The primary symptom was a rectal abscess, which was initially surgically treated and subsequently insufficiently treated with single-dose tablet azithromycin. The patient's symptoms were successfully treated after a 21-day doxycycline regime. LGV is a se xually transmitted infection with a rising incidence among persons with risk behaviour. This case report underlines the importance, that all positive rectal screenings for Chlamydia trachomatis should be routinely serotyped...
May 14, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Sarah Nila, Julien Barthes, Pierre-Andre Crochet, Bambang Suryobroto, Michel Raymond
Male homosexual preference (MHP) challenges evolutionary thinking because the preference for male-male relationships is heritable, implies a fertility cost (lower offspring number), and is relatively frequent in some societies (2-6% in Western countries) for a costly trait. It has been proposed that individuals with a MHP counterbalance reproductive costs through the transfer of resources to kin, thereby improving their indirect reproduction through kin's reproductive success. This kin selection hypothesis is not supported in Western countries and Japan, although consistent evidence has been obtained in Samoa...
May 24, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Jason M Blaylock, Shilpa Hakre, Jason F Okulicz, Eric Garges, Kerry Wilson, Jenny Lay, Ellen A Roska, Nelson L Michael, Charmagne G Beckett, Steven B Cersovsky, Sheila A Peel, Paul T Scott
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a substantial health concern for the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) and for service members stationed throughout the world. Each year, approximately 350 new HIV infections are diagnosed in members of the U.S. military services, with most infections acquired within the United States (1). The DoD populations most affected by HIV mirror those in the U.S. civilian population; the highest rates of new military diagnoses are in men and blacks or African Americans (blacks) (1)...
May 25, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Alecsandra Iulia Grad, Simona Corina Senilă, Rodica Cosgarea, Alexandru Dumitru Tataru, Stefan Cristian Vesa, Mihaela Laura Vica, Horea Vladi Matei, Loredana Ungureanu
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are serious public health problems. Little is known about sex knowledge, attitudes, and sexual behaviors among young adults in Romania; an effective preventive campaigns should be based on an appropriate understanding of these factors. The aim of the present study was to obtain data about sexual behavior, attitudes, and knowledge about STIs among university students aged 18-25 in Romania. 3872 persons completed an internet-based questionnaire, advertised on Facebook, regarding sexual behavior, attitudes, and knowledge about STIs from January 28 to February 28, 2016...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Cecilia T Costiniuk, Jason Karamchandani, Ali Bessissow, Jean-Pierre Routy, Jason Szabo, Charles Frenette
BACKGROUND: Angiocentric lymph proliferative disorder (ALPD) is a granulomatous lymphoproliferative condition associated with various primary and secondary immunodeficiency states. ALPD is so rare that its prevalence has not been established. Typically affecting middle-aged adults, this condition is often found in the context of Epstein Bar Virus infection and consists of angiocentric and angioinvasive pulmonary infiltrates. Herein, we present a biopsy-proven case of a patient manifesting with a viral meningoencephalomyelitis-like picture with brain, spinal cord, renal and splenic lesions...
May 8, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Milan D Bjekic, Sandra B Sipetic-Grujicic, Hristina D Vlajinac, Aleksandra M Nikolic
Background: Although the risk of sexually transmitted infections is far greater during vaginal and anal sex than during oral sex, increasing practice of oral sex and low rates of barrier method use will probably increase the relative importance of oral sex as a route of transmission for genital pathogens. Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate knowledge and attitudes about oral sex and sexually transmitted infections, as well as oral sex practices, both among heterosexuals and homosexual men and to compare those two groups...
May 2, 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
Laura Hurd Clarke, Maya Lefkowich
The article explores what older Canadian men consider to be the definition of masculinity, how they evaluate their own masculinity relative to their definition, and how and why they use particular forms of body work in response to aging and their understandings of masculinity. Data are presented from qualitative interviews with 29 community-dwelling men aged 65-89. The men in our study defined masculinity relationally with femininity and homosexuality and identified three hallmarks of masculinity, namely: physical strength, leadership, and virility...
June 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
Alicia Martín-Lagos Maldonado, Myriam Del Carmen Herrera Mercader, Cristina Lozano Cejudo
Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is a condition caused by invasive serovars of Chlamydia trachomatis. The classical inguinal presentation that is characterized by the development of transient genital ulcer(s) and inguinal or femoral lymphadenopathy has decreased in our environment. At present, infection by this bacterium has emerged as an important cause of proctitis and proctocolitis in men who have sex with other men. We report the case of a homosexual man with acute proctitis that was complicated by a perirectal abscess secondary to a Chlamydia trachomatis infection...
May 3, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Chun-Yuan Lee, I-An Jen, Yu-Ching Lan, Yung-Feng Yen, Pei-Hung Chuang, Marcelo Chen, Yun Lee, Yi-Ming A Chen
BACKGROUND: Although Taiwan has implemented several important interventions for various HIV-at-risk populations to combat the HIV epidemic, little is known regarding AIDS incidence at presentation and during follow-up among the various HIV-at-risk populations in Taiwan. A better understanding of AIDS incidence trends would help improve patient care and optimize public health strategies aimed at further decreasing HIV-related morbidity and mortality. METHODS: Data from Taiwan Centers for Disease Control-operated Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System and Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (1998-2012) was divided into five cohort periods (consecutive 3-year groups)...
May 3, 2018: BMC Public Health
L F Johnson, P Mulongeni, A Marr, T Lane
Respondent-driven sampling (RDS) is widely used to estimate HIV prevalence in men who have sex with men (MSM). Mathematical models that are calibrated to these data may be compromised if they fail to account for selection biases in RDS surveys. To quantify the potential extent of this bias, an agent-based model of HIV in South Africa was calibrated to HIV prevalence and sexual behaviour data from South African studies of MSM, first reweighting the modelled MSM population to match the younger age profile of the RDS surveys (age-adjusted analysis) and then without reweighting (unadjusted analysis)...
April 30, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
J Xu, J Han, H L Tang, J Li, C P Zang, Y R Mao
Objective: To determine the prevalence and relative factors on those who missed the follow-up service among newly reported HIV/AIDS cases that were infected by homosexual behavior. Methods: Data were extracted from both HIV/AIDS case-reporting and follow-up cards on HIV/AIDS in the Comprehensive Response Information Management System, between December 2008 and December 2015. Data was analyzed, using the generalized estimating equations (GEE) to explore the relative factors of influence. Results: Among the newly reported HIV infection among MSM, the proportion of those who missed the follow-up services was 5...
April 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
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