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Jack Drescher, Alan Schwartz, Flávio Casoy, Christopher A McIntosh, Brian Hurley, Kenneth Ashley, Mary Barber, David Goldenberg, Sarah E Herbert, Lorraine E Lothwell, Marlin R Mattson, Scot G McAfee, Jack Pula, Vernon Rosario, D Andrew Tompkins
Conversion therapies are any treatments, including individual talk therapy, behavioral (e.g. aversive stimuli), group therapy or milieu (e.g. "retreats or inpatient treatments" relying on all of the above methods) treatments, which attempt to change an individual's sexual orientation from homosexual to heterosexual. However these practices have been repudiated by major mental health organizations because of increasing evidence that they are ineffective and may cause harm to patients and their families who fail to change...
2016: J Med Regul
Richard A Lippa
Recent research has documented large and robust sex differences in the category specificity of self-reported sexual attraction and viewing times to men and women, with men showing more polarized responses to the two sexes than women. However, this research has been limited by the use of small and restricted samples. To address this, the current study assessed a representative sample of more than 2800 U.S. adults on demographic and attitudinal variables and on two measures of category specificity: one based on self-reported sexual attraction and the other based on viewing times to male and female swimsuit models...
October 11, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Qiuyan Li, Yuandong Qiao, Guangfa Zhang, Ning He, Xuelong Zhang, Xueyuan Jia, Haiming Sun, Chuntao Wang, Lidan Xu
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at high risk of HIV infection. The APOBEC3G (apolipoprotein B mRNA editing catalytic polypeptide 3G) protein is a component of innate antiviral immunity that inhibits HIV-1 replication. In the present study, a total of 483 HIV-1 seropositive men and 493 HIV-1 seronegative men were selected to investigate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the APOBEC3G gene and susceptibility to HIV-1 infection and AIDS progression among MSM residing in northern China...
October 11, 2016: Archives of Virology
Natasha Bingham
This article analyzes print media interviews of Moscow lesbians in Moskovsky Komsomolets in 2004 and 2005 using qualitative content analysis. The qualitative content analysis shows recurring and consistent themes: (1) the stereotypes lesbians face; (2) public negativity toward same-sex relations and the impact on their families; (3) the expectations of heterosexuality and all that that entails; (4) the existence of lesbian-only spaces in Russia and the importance of those spaces; and (5) the complexities of navigating motherhood, previous heterosexual relationships, and current partnerships...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Lesbian Studies
Hilary J Beattie
W. R. D. Fairbairn believed that the psychoanalyst's motivations and theories must ultimately be rooted in a need to resolve personal conflicts. His self-analytic and other records, now publicly available, indicate how his struggles with unacceptable sexual feelings and their symptomatic manifestations affected not only his theorizing, especially about sexuality, but also his clinical practice, as well as his personal and family life. Fairbairn's case affords a unique opportunity to document the effects of homophobia in a major psychoanalyst...
October 2016: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
Brian M Schmidt, Crystal M Holmes
Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is a tumor derived from endothelial cell lineage caused by Kaposi sarcoma-associated virus or human herpesvirus-8. The authors have set forth to describe a unique presentation of the classical form of KS in a homosexual individual. The authors demonstrate that a full history and physical are important in determining how to guide treatment along with ancillary tests, which can prove vital to determine management strategy. The authors then provide a brief discussion about variants of KS, biopsy techniques, and current treatment options available to patients diagnosed with this condition...
September 2016: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
Maia Mestvirishvili, Tinatin Zurabishvili, Tamar Iakobidze, Natia Mestvirishvili
The purpose of this study is to determine statistical predictors of homophobic attitudes among the residents of Tbilisi, Georgia. We analyze 2013 survey data from a representative sample of the Tbilisi adult population. Residents were asked about their attitudes, beliefs, and political and social values in the context of the 17 May 2013 attack on LGBT activists on the International Day against Homophobia and Transphobia (IDAHOT). Findings show that homophobia is significantly predicted by male gender, lower levels of education, acceptance of social inequality, non-liberal attitudes, and by perceiving homosexuals as a "threat to national security"...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Gayle Brewer, Minna Lyons
Previous research has largely ignored the relationship between sexual orientation judgement accuracy, confidence, and attitudes towards homosexuality. In an online study, participants (N = 269) judged the sexual orientation of homosexual and heterosexual targets presented via a series of facial photographs. Participants also indicated their confidence in each judgement and completed the Modern Homonegativity Scale (Morrison & Morrison, 2002). We found that (i) homosexual men and heterosexual women were more accurate when judging photographs of women, as opposed to photographs of men, and (ii) in heterosexual men, negative attitudes towards homosexual men predicted confidence and bias when rating men's photographs...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
H J He, P Lyu, R S Luan, Q H Liao, Z J Chang, Y Li, L Ouyang, J Yang
Objective: To understand how social and cultural factors influence sexual perceptions, sexual practices, and HIV transmission among men who have sex with men at selected sites in China. Methods: Qualitative methodology was used and face to face, semi-structured, in-depth interviews conducted from April 2013 to October 2015 in Sichuan, Jiangxi, Henan, Heilongjiang provinces and Chongqing municipality of China. Results: A total of 184 men who have sex with men participated in the interviews. Forty-eight originated from Henan Province, and 12, 50, 47, and 27 from Jiangxi, Heilongjiang, Sichuan provinces and Chongqing municipality, respectively...
October 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Calvin Moorley, Stephen Neville, Joy Johnson
In the past decade there has been considerable positive change regarding the civil rights and liberties of those from lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) communities. For example, the decriminalisation of homosexuality, the recent recognition of marriage and civil partnerships in some European, American and North and South American and Australasian countries, as well as the passing of anti-discriminatory laws that support equality. While these positive changes are welcomed there are areas that remain a challenge for LGBTI individuals and communities...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Elaine Bennett, Karen Berry, Theophilus I Emeto, Oliver K Burmeister, Jeanine Young, Linda Shields
AIM: to examine the attitudes to and knowledge and beliefs about homosexuality, of nurses and allied professionals in two early parenting services in Australia. BACKGROUND: Early parenting services employ nurses and allied professionals. Access and inclusion policies are important in community health and early childhood service settings. However, little is known about the perceptions of professionals who work within early parenting services in relation to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender families...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Bryan McLaughlin, Nathian S Rodriguez
Scholars examining homosexual television characters have typically come to one of two conclusions, either exposure to homosexual characters can lead to increased acceptance or homosexual characters serve to reaffirm negative stereotypes. We seek to bridge these two bodies of research by introducing the concept of stereotyped identification-the idea that cognitively and emotionally identifying with fictional characters can increase acceptance of minorities, while reinforcing implicit stereotypes about how they look, act, and talk...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Winnie Mucherah, Elizabeth Owino, Kaleigh McCoy
While the past decade has seen an improvement in attitudes toward homosexuality, negative attitudes are still prevalent in many parts of the world. In general, increased levels of education tend to be predictive of relatively positive attitudes toward homosexuality. However, in most sub-Saharan countries, it is still believed that people are born heterosexual and that nonheterosexuals are social deviants who should be prosecuted. One such country is Kenya, where homosexuality is illegal and attracts a fine or jail term...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
G Ciocca, C Niolu, D Déttore, P Antonelli, S Conte, B Tuziak, E Limoncin, D Mollaioli, E Carosa, G L Gravina, S Di Sante, G Di Lorenzo, A D Fisher, M Maggi, A Lenzi, A Siracusano, E A Jannini
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate homophobic attitudes in three European countries: Italy, Albania, and Ukraine. One thousand and forty-eight students were recruited in Italian (n = 766), Albanian (n = 180), and Ukrainian (n = 102) university centers. METHODS: A socio-demographic questionnaire and Homophobia Scale (HS) were administered by our staff. RESULTS: Cross-cultural and significant differences among Italian, Albanian, and Ukrainian students were found on the Homophobia Scale (HS; Italy: mean = 22...
September 25, 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
J Chanal, S Fouéré, F Yassir-Oria, N Spenatto, F Bouscarat, E Picot, P Martinet, C Vernay-Vaisse, F Pelletier, C Courtieu, V Baclet, C Bernier, D Aymar-Moulene, F Dupuis-Fourdan, A Passeron, C Bara-Passot, A-L Pinault, L Misery, M Janier, N Dupin
BACKGROUND: Since 2007 in France, human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination has been licensed for use as a vaccine against HPV 6, 11, 16 and 18. The impact on the epidemiology of external genital warts (EGWs) in a large population remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: To determine epidemiologic and clinical features of patients presenting EGWs in France in the era of HPV vaccination. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective, observational study, we analyzed clinical features and treatments between January 1st, 2012 and March 31, 2012 for patients consulting for EGWs at 15 STI clinics throughout France...
September 19, 2016: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Eisuke Adachi, Masaya Sugiyama, Sayaka Shimizu, Kako Kodama, Tadashi Kikuchi, Michiko Koga, Masashi Mizokami, Tomohiko Koibuchi
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes have distinct geographical distributions and are associated with different clinical courses. HBV genotype G (HBV/G) is extremely rare among Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected populations in Japan. Genetic analysis and clinical course of recombinant forms with HBV/G infection are seldom reported in the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 36-year old homosexual man with HIV infection was referred to a general hospital for assessment of chronic HBV infection...
2016: SpringerPlus
J Edgar Bauer
As a Freudian revisionist and neo-Marxist, Erich Fromm (1900-1980) lessened the import of sexuality in the individual psyche, but stressed the role played by the sex differential in the distribution of power throughout history and in the post-patriarchal form of matriarchy he envisioned. Seeking to reinforce the male/female divide and heteronormativity, Fromm outlined a "New Science of Man" that readily ignored not only the challenges posed to binary sexuality by post-Darwinian critical sexologies, but also the same-sex complexities evinced by key figures of his own cultural pantheon...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
James A Chancellor, Sally J Ioannides, James M Elwood
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review identified and evaluated the evidence for the role of sexual behaviours in the development of oropharyngeal cancers (OPCs) and oral cavity cancers (OCCs). METHODS: Following the PRISMA guidelines, we identified observational and interventional studies reporting associations between several different sexual behaviours and OPC or OCC. Study quality was assessed independently by two reviewers using a validated scoring system. RESULTS: From 513 papers identified, 21, reporting on 20 studies, fulfilled the inclusion criteria...
September 19, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
A D Fisher, G Castellini, J Ristori, H Casale, G Giovanardi, N Carone, E Fanni, M Mosconi, G Ciocca, E A Jannini, V Ricca, V Lingiardi, M Maggi
PURPOSE: To date, few studies have addressed attitudes toward transgender individuals. In addition, little is known about health care providers' (HCP) attitudes toward sexual minorities. The aim of the present study is to compare attitudes toward homosexual and transgender individuals between gender dysphoric individuals (GDs), general population controls (C) and HCP. METHODS: A total of 310 subjects were considered, including 122 GDs (63 transwomen and 59 transmen), 53 heterosexual HCP (26 males and 27 females) and 135 C...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Karin Neukam, Pompeyo Viciana, Guillermo Ojeda-Burgos, Marcial Delgado-Fernández, María J Ríos, Juan Macías, Dolores Merino, Antonio Collado, Francisco Téllez, Juan A Pineda
BACKGROUND: Acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection (AHCVI) outbreaks have been described recently within defined areas worldwide among HIV-infected homosexual men. This study aims to describe the cumulative frequency and incidence of firstly acquired AHCVI in an HIV-infected population in Southern Spain. METHODS: This is a retrospective study conducted at the Infectious Diseases Units of eight hospitals in Andalusia, Southern Spain. Primary AHC was considered as HCV immunoglobulin G antibody seroconversion...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
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