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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628149/-present-situation-of-awareness-of-acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome-aids-knowledge-and-aids-related-behaviors-among-youth-students-in-gay-dating-sites
#1
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OBJECTIVE: To investigate the awareness of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) knowledge and AIDS-related behaviors among youth students in gay dating sites, and to provide evidences for AIDS prevention education through the internet. METHODS: The students in gay dating sites, selected by a snowball sampling, were interviewed by questionnaires. Chi-square tests were used to analyze the awareness of AIDS knowledge among the students of different characteristics...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622034/the-experiences-of-newly-diagnosed-men-who-have-sex-with-men-entering-the-hiv-care-cascade-in-lima-peru-2015-2016-a-qualitative-analysis-of-counselor-participant-text-message-exchanges
#2
Erik Bayona, Luis Menacho, Eddy R Segura, Gitau Mburu, Fernando Roman, Consuelo Tristan, Elizabeth Bromley, Robinson Cabello
Mobile phone technology (mHealth) is a promising tool that has been used to improve HIV care in high-risk populations worldwide. Understanding patient perspectives of newly diagnosed men who have sex with men (MSM) in Lima, Peru during linkage and engagement in the HIV care continuum can help close the gaps in care following initial HIV diagnosis and ensure retention in continuous care. From June 2015 to March 2016, as part of a randomized controlled trial, 40 MSM participants were linked to care with an mHealth intervention within 3 months of HIV diagnosis at Via Libre clinic...
June 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608293/fraternal-birth-order-family-size-and-male-homosexuality-meta-analysis-of-studies-spanning-25%C3%A2-years
#3
Ray Blanchard
The fraternal birth order effect is the tendency for older brothers to increase the odds of homosexuality in later-born males. This study compared the strength of the effect in subjects from small versus large families and in homosexual subjects with masculine versus feminine gender identities. Meta-analyses were conducted on 30 homosexual and 30 heterosexual groups from 26 studies, totaling 7140 homosexual and 12,837 heterosexual males. The magnitude of the fraternal birth order effect was measured with a novel variable, the Older Brothers Odds Ratio, computed as (homosexuals' older brothers ÷ homosexuals' other siblings) ÷ (heterosexuals' older brothers ÷ heterosexuals' other siblings), where other siblings = older sisters + younger brothers + younger sisters...
June 12, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606034/high-seroprevalence-of-human-herpesvirus-8-infection-in-hiv-positive-homosexual-men-in-jiangsu-province-china
#4
Jiayan Li, Jinyun Song, Guolei Tan, Jianfang Wang, Zhenxian Zhou, Xuping Wu
BACKGROUD: HIV-infected homosexual men are more frequently diagnosed with Kaposi's sarcoma. With the increase of HIV-infected homosexual men in China, we urgently need to know the KS-related human herpesvirus (KSHV/HHV-8) seroprevalence in this population. To investigate the HHV-8 prevalence among HIV-positive homosexual men, we recruited 183 patients naive of antiretroviral therapy (ART) whose blood samples present HIV-antibody positive confirmed by western blot. METHODS: HIV viral load was tested using Cobas TaqMan HIV-1 test Version 2...
June 12, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604431/characteristics-of-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-baltimore-philadelphia-and-washington-d-c-geographic-diversity-in-socio-demographics-and-hiv-transmission-risk
#5
Danielle German, Kathleen Brady, Irene Kuo, Jenevieve Opoku, Colin Flynn, Rudy Patrick, Ju Nyeong Park, Joella Adams, Makeda Carroll, Ron Simmons, Carlton R Smith, Wendy W Davis
BACKGROUND: Baltimore, Philadelphia, and Washington, DC are geographically proximate cities with high HIV prevalence, including among black men who have sex with men (BMSM). Using data collected among BMSM in CDC's National HIV Behavioral Surveillance project, we compared socio-demographic characteristics, HIV risk behaviors, and service utilization to explore similarities and differences that could inform local and regional HIV intervention approaches. METHODS: BMSM were recruited through venue time location sampling, June-December, 2011...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586237/a-unique-second-generation-recombinant-form-of-hiv-1-identified-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men%C3%AF-msm%C3%AF-in-beijing-china
#6
Xue Li, Mingqiang Hao, Yinxiao Hao, Jingrong Ye, Ruolei Xin, Hongyan Lu
In China, CRF01_AE and CRF07_BC are the most circulating strains of HIV-1, more and more second-generation recombinant forms have been isolated around the two strains. The same situation happened in Beijing recent years. In our finding, we have isolated a new second-generation recombinant form of HIV-1 from one male patient who infected by homosexual behavior. Polygenetic analysis revealed that the sequence includes five CRF01-AE fragments and four CRF07_BC fragments. CRF01_AE as this recombinant's skeleton and four CRF07_BC fragments inserted into it...
June 6, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585157/gay-men-s-health-and-identity-social-change-and-the-life-course
#7
Phillip L Hammack, David M Frost, Ilan H Meyer, David R Pletta
Due to significant historical change in the late 20th and early 21st century related to both health and cultural attitudes toward homosexuality, gay men of distinct birth cohorts may diverge considerably in their health and identity development. We argue that research on gay men's health has not adequately considered the significance of membership in distinct generation-cohorts, and we present a life course paradigm to address this problem. Focusing on the U.S. as an exemplar that can be adapted to other cultural contexts, we identify five generations of gay men alive today and review unique issues related to health and identity development for each...
June 5, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581306/sandor-rado-american-psychoanalysis-and-the-question-of-bisexuality
#8
Matthew Tontonoz
The Hungarian-born physician and psychoanalyst Sandor Rado (1890-1972), who practiced for most of his career in the United States, played a central role in shaping American psychoanalysts' views toward homosexuality. Historians have pointed to Rado's rejection of Freud's notion of constitutional bisexuality as the key theoretical maneuver that both pathologized homosexuality and inspired an optimistic approach to its treatment. Yet scholarly analysis of the arguments that Rado made for his rejection of bisexuality is lacking...
June 5, 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580879/anti-homosexual-legislation-and-hiv-related-stigma-in-african-nations-what-has-been-the-role-of-pepfar
#9
Amy Hagopian, Deepa Rao, Aaron Katz, Sallie Sanford, Scott Barnhart
BACKGROUND: Gay men and other men who have sex with men are disproportionately burdened by HIV infection. Laws that penalize same-sex intercourse contribute to a cycle of stigma, homonegativity and discrimination. In many African nations, laws criminalizing homosexuality may be fueling the epidemic, as they dissuade key populations from seeking treatment and health care providers from offering it. OBJECTIVES: We analyzed the ways in which policies and practices of the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) program addressed pervasively harsh anti-homosexuality laws across Africa...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544053/sickness-sin-and-discrimination-some-contemporary-challenges-for-uk-mental-health-nursing-practice-with-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-lgb-people-and-communities
#10
Sarah Carr, Alfonso Pezzella
Curing 'homosexuality' or same-sex attraction has been a recurrent trope in Western psychiatry and mental health services for over a century. Despite the progress made in the UK with equality legislation, improvements in general social attitudes and the slowly increasing confidence of lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) individuals and communities (Carr, 2005), it appears to pose challenges for practice in the UK even today. This was recently highlighted in 2014 when the Department of Health requested the publication of a consensus statement from major UK mental health professional bodies outlining concern about and opposition to 'conversion' or 'reparative' therapy being offered to LGB people by practitioners (often working within a religious frame of reference) claiming to be able to 'cure' same-sex attraction (UK Council for Psychotherapy, 2014)...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541240/homosexuality-according-to-ancient-greek-physicians
#11
K Laios, M M Moschos, E Koukaki, M-I Kontaxaki, G Androutsos
Homosexuality and pedophilia in ancient Greece greatly concerned many researchers who were mainly interested in highlighting the social aspect of this phenomenon in ancient Greek society. An important source on the subject was the paintings of a man and his lover in attic black and red figured pottery, up to the end of the 5th century BC. Another main source was the information that derived from the texts of ancient Greek literature, especially poetry. Homosexuality was not only referring to relationships between males, but it was also manifested in lesbian love...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540263/associations-between-korean-adolescents-sexual-orientation-and-suicidal-ideation-plans-attempts-and-medically-serious-attempts
#12
Yeunhee Kwak, Ji-Su Kim
BACKGROUND: Despite growing interest in the public health of sexual minority, youth around the world due to the high rates of suicidal ideation and attempts in this population, few studies on the sexual orientation of Korean adolescents have been conducted. Therefore, this study investigated the relationship between the sexual orientation of Korean adolescents and their suicide-related behavior. METHODS: Raw data from the tenth Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey were analyzed by logistic regression analysis...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535293/invited-commentary-a-landmark-study-launched-in-a-public-health-maelstrom
#13
Eric A Engels, Charles S Rabkin, James J Goedert
The acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic was first recognized in 1981, and it quickly became a public health emergency. In a 1987 paper in the American Journal of Epidemiology (Am J Epidemiol. 1987;126(2): 310-318), Richard Kaslow et al. described the launch of the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS), a cohort study of homosexual men in 4 US cities, the purpose of which was to better understand the natural history of AIDS and its determinants. The MACS enrolled participants through a range of community contacts...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534888/hepatitis-a-outbreaks-in-european-homosexual-men
#14
Pablo Barreiro, Vicente Soriano
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is a small RNA, non-enveloped agent predominantly transmitted via the fecal/oral route through person-to-person contact or contaminated food and water. The mean incubation period is 28 days (range: 15-50). Acute hepatitis A is always self-limited and very rarely fatal. Moreover, it never progresses to chronicity. Acutely infected persons are most likely to transmit HAV before the onset of jaundice, when viral particle concentration in stool is highest.
May 23, 2017: AIDS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532401/risk-reassurance-and-routine-a-qualitative-study-of-narrative-understandings-of-the-potential-for-hiv-self-testing-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-england
#15
T Charles Witzel, Peter Weatherburn, Alison J Rodger, Adam H Bourne, Fiona M Burns
BACKGROUND: HIV testing has seen a rapid evolution over the last decade with multiple modalities now in use globally. In recent years HIV self-testing (HIVST) has been legalised in the UK paving the way for further expansion of testing. Interventions are delivered in particular social contexts which shape uptake. It is therefore important to understand how novel interventions are likely to be received by their intended users. This study aims to understand how HIVST compliments existing testing strategies considered or adopted by men who have sex with men (MSM)...
May 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523944/commercial-sexual-behaviors-among-male-rural-to-urban-migrants-in-western-china-implications-for-hiv-prevention
#16
Wenwei Li, Junjun Jiang, Jinming Su, Bingyu Liang, Wei Deng, Jiegang Huang, Bo Qin, Halmurat Upur, Chaohui Zhong, Qianqiu Wang, Qian Wang, Ning Zang, Yanyan Liao, Sirun Meng, Li Ye, Hao Liang
Rural-to-urban migrants are at high risk of HIV infection. The goal of this survey was to explore the commercial sexual behavior and condom use among male rural-to-urban migrants in western China. A cross-sectional survey on male rural-to-urban migrants in western China was conducted. Among all the subjects surveyed, 140 (7.4%) had commercial sexual behavior, which is associated with being aged older than 24 years, being of Han or other ethnic minorities, being divorced, separated, or widowed, having experienced drug abuse, having had heterosexual behavior, having had casual sexual partners, having had sex with a homosexual, and being from Xinjiang...
May 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508706/british-pakistani-lesbians-existing-within-the-confines-of-the-closet
#17
Asifa Siraj
This study explores the complex interaction between ethnicity, gender and [homo]sexuality and how this creates a framework of stigma that compels some British Pakistani lesbians to remain within the closet. The 'closet' here is a metaphor that describes the concealment of one's homosexual identity and the outward 'performance' of heterosexuality. British Pakistani lesbians precariously inhabit a sociocultural environment that constrains the expression of female sexuality. Women who oppose and contravene heteronormative values and ideals unsettle comfortable assumptions of heterosexuality...
May 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500746/higher-viral-load-and-genetic-diversity-of-hiv-1-in-the-seminal-compartments-than-in-the-blood-of-seven-chinese-homosexual-men-with-early-hiv-1-infection
#18
Yan-Mei Jiao, Guang-Lei Chen, Wei-Jun Zhu, Hui-Huang Huang, Jun-Liang Fu, Wei-Wei Chen, Ming Shi, Tong Zhang, Hao Wu, Fu-Sheng Wang
To date, there have been no reports characterizing the Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) in the semen of Chinese men having sex with men (MSM) with early infection of HIV-1.We examined genetic diversity and viral load of HIV-1 in the seminal compartments and blood of Chinese MSM with early HIV-1 infection in this study. Viral load and genetic diversity of HIV-1 in paired samples of semen and blood were analyzed in seven homosexual patients who were with early HIV-1 infection. Levels of HIV-1 RNA and DNA were tested by real-time PCR assays...
May 13, 2017: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485125/an-international-survey-on-the-awareness-use-preference-and-health-perception-of-novel-psychoactive-substances-nps
#19
Elena Deligianni, John M Corkery, Fabrizio Schifano, Lisa A Lione
OBJECTIVE: This survey investigated the level of public awareness, preference, and motivation of novel psychoactive substances (NPS) use as well as knowledge of potential associated health risks. METHODS: A Bristol Online Survey was advertised through social media and a drug forum "Bluelight" between January 7 and February 7, 2015. RESULTS: Responses were received from 17 countries, mainly from Europe. Most responses (83%) came from university educated students...
May 8, 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484111/liver-fibrosis-after-antiretroviral-therapy-in-a-longitudinal-cohort-of-sexually-infected-hiv-patients-in-eastern-china
#20
Qian Wei, Haijiang Lin, Yingying Ding, Xing Liu, Qionghai Wu, Weiwei Shen, Meiyang Gao, Na He
We assessed the factors that influenced improvement or progression in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients who were receiving combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). This was a retrospective cohort study of HIV-infected patients receiving cART in Taizhou, Zhejiang, China, 2009-2015. Liver fibrosis was assessed by Fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) score. Improvement of liver fibrosis was defined as having > 30% decrease in FIB-4 from baseline, whereas progression of liver fibrosis was defined as having > 30% increase in FIB-4 score from baseline...
May 6, 2017: Bioscience Trends
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