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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456091/frequency-of-human-papillomavirus-infection-in-patients-with-gastrointestinal-cancer
#1
F Roesch-Dietlen, A D Cano-Contreras, Y J Sánchez-Maza, J M Espinosa-González, M Á Vázquez-Prieto, E J Valdés-de la O, F Díaz-Roesch, M Á Carrasco-Arroniz, A Cruz-Palacios, P Grube-Pagola, A Sumoza-Toledo, H Vivanco-Cid, G Mellado-Sánchez, A Meixueiro-Daza, C S Silva-Cañetas, M G Carrillo-Toledo, R Lagunes-Torres, M Amieva-Balmori, P C Gómez-Castaño, J U Reyes-Huerta, J M Remes-Troche
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Cancer is the result of the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. It has recently been related to viral infections, one of which is human papillomavirus. The aim of the present study was to describe the frequency of human papillomavirus infection in patients with digestive system cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, multicenter, observational study was conducted on patients with gastrointestinal cancer at 2public healthcare institutes in Veracruz...
February 15, 2018: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439583/identification-of-a-novel-hiv-1-recombinant-form-b-c-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-shaanxi-china
#2
Mengyan Zhang, Ruolei Xin, Wenhui Chang
Many new circulating recombinant forms (CRFs) and unique recombinant forms (URFs) of HIV-1 have been found in men who have sex with men (MSM) in recent years, in China. In this study, a unique HIV-1 recombinant genome (SN153) was characterized from an HIV-positive male infected through homosexual behavior in Shaanxi, China. The mosaic pattern had a complex intersubtype recombinant structure with six breakpoints, with three subtype C segments inserted into subtype B backbone. And three similar breakpoints with CRF07_BC were observed in the pol gene...
February 14, 2018: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437985/comparing-the-characteristics-of-users-of-an-online-service-for-sti-self-sampling-with-clinic-service-users-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#3
Sharmani Barnard, Caroline Free, Ioannis Bakolis, Katy M E Turner, Katharine J Looker, Paula Baraitser
OBJECTIVES: Online services for self-sampling at home could improve access to STI testing; however, little is known about those using this new modality of care. This study describes the characteristics of users of online services and compares them with users of clinic services. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of routinely collected data on STI testing activity from online and clinic sexual health services in Lambeth and Southwark between 1January 2016 and 31March 2016...
February 7, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424397/-health-and-wellbeing-of-sexual-minorities
#4
Jaime Barrientos, Fabiola Gómez, Manuel Cárdenas, Mónica Gúzman, Joaquín Bahamondes
BACKGROUND: Most of the information in Chile about health and wellbeing of sexual minorities refers to risk behaviors. AIM: To assess health and wellbeing in a sample of Chilean homosexual men and women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Spanish versions of the Satisfaction With Life Scale and Outcome Questionnaire-45 (OQ-45) were answered by 191 homosexual women and 256 homosexual men aged 18 to 67 years, from four Chilean cities. RESULTS: Lesbian women have better levels of satisfaction with life and adjustment in personal relationships than homosexual men...
September 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420443/factors-associated-with-syphilis-testing-and-a-history-of-syphilis-infection-among-a-sample-of-transgender-women-in-jamaica
#5
Carmen H Logie, Ying Wang, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Uzma Ahmed, Nicolette Jones, Ava Neil, Tyrone Ellis, Kandasi Levermore, Annecka Marshall, Peter A Newman
BACKGROUND: Globally, social inequalities contribute to elevated sexually transmitted infections (STIs) rates among transgender women. High syphilis prevalence has been documented among transgender women in Latin America. Little is known, however, of syphilis testing uptake among transgender women in Jamaica, where homosexuality is criminalized. The study objective was to understand factors associated with opting-in for syphilis testing and a syphilis infection history among transgender women in Jamaica...
March 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417262/thirty-years-of-research-on-gay-men-and-hiv-prevention-in-france-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#6
Gabriel Girard, Véronique Doré
Research on homosexuality and HIV/AIDS in the social sciences has evolved into a vast and multiform field of study since the beginning of the epidemic in the Global North. Studies from France in this domain have remained relatively unknown at the international level. This article offers a narrative review of publications that resulted from research on homosexuality and HIV/AIDS, from 1985 to 2016. It offers an analysis of how the constitution of a field of research conditions the ways scientific questions are asked (and answered)...
February 7, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411528/alterations-in-the-gut-microbiota-of-patients-with-acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome
#7
Youlian Zhou, Zhitao Ou, Xiaoping Tang, Yongjian Zhou, Haoming Xu, Xianfei Wang, Kang Li, Jie He, Yanlei Du, Hong Wang, Ye Chen, Yuqiang Nie
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), caused by infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), is associated with gastrointestinal disease, systemic immune activation and changes in the gut microbiota. Here, we aim to investigate the gut microbiota patterns of HIV-infected individuals and HIV-uninfected individuals in populations from South China. We enrolled 33 patients with HIV (14 participants treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy [HAART] for more than 3 months; the remaining 19 individuals had not received treatment) and 35 healthy controls (HC) for a cross-sectional comparison of gut microbiota using stool samples...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399841/school-connectedness-and-protection-from-symptoms-of-depression-in-sexual-minority-adolescents-attending-school-in-atlantic-canada
#8
Maria N Wilson, Mark Asbridge, Donald B Langille
BACKGROUND: In examining associations of sexual orientation, school connectedness (SC), and depression, no studies have used a continuum of sexual orientation. Additionally, no study has examined whether individuals with higher SC within subgroups of the continuum of sexual orientation are protected from symptoms of depression when compared to others within their own group. Our study aimed to address these deficiencies. METHODS: Data were from a cross-sectional survey of 6643 public high school students...
March 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395187/effects-of-participation-in-and-connectedness-to-the-lgbt-community-on-substance-use-involvement-of-sexual-minority-young-people
#9
Daniel Demant, Leanne Hides, Katherine M White, David J Kavanagh
INTRODUCTION: Research shows disproportionate levels of substance use among sexual minority young people. A range of reasons for these disparities have been suggested, including connectedness to and participation in the LGBT community. Little is known about how these constructs are related to substance use involvement in sexual minority (sub)groups or how these relationships are affected by other factors. METHODS: 1266 young sexual minority Australians completed a cross-sectional online survey...
January 29, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380498/an-outbreak-of-acute-hepatitis-a-among-young-adult-men-clinical-features-and-hiv-coinfection-rate-from-a-large-teaching-hospital-in-rome-italy
#10
A Ciccullo, R Gagliardini, G Baldin, A Borghetti, D Moschese, A Emiliozzi, F Lombardi, R Ricci, D Speziale, F Pallavicini, S Di Giambenedetto
OBJECTIVES: Italy is a low-incidence region for hepatitis A; however, during the last 2 years an increase in the incidence of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection was reported in Europe. The aim of this study was to describe this recent outbreak. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed all cases of acute hepatitis A diagnosed at our laboratory between January 2010 and June 2017. We evaluated the following variables at the time of diagnosis: sex, age, nationality, glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT/AST), glutamic pyruvic transaminase (GPT/ALT), bilirubin concentration, international normalized ratio (INR) and the presence or absence of anti-HIV-1/2 antibodies...
January 29, 2018: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374889/-sources-and-characteristics-of-newly-reported-hiv-aids-cases-in-yiwu-zhejiang-province-2015-2016
#11
J Jiang, L Q Zha, J J Ruan, J Z Yang, B X Zhu, L Chen, L He, W J Chen, T Fu, X H Pan
Objective: To understand the sources and characteristics of newly reported HIV/AIDS cases in Yiwu, Zhejiang province, from 2015 to 2016. Methods: From January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2016, newly reported HIV/AIDS cases in Yiwu were recruited in the study and they were asked to complete an in-depth field epidemiology questionnaire. Information related to their previous sexual behaviors and infection sources or routes were collected in the survey. The data were processed and analyzed with EpiData 3.0 and SPSS 19...
January 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371146/couplepause-a-new-paradigm-in-treating-sexual-dysfunction-during-menopause-and-andropause
#12
REVIEW
Emmanuele A Jannini, Rossella E Nappi
BACKGROUND: At midlife and beyond, both men and women face organic changes that can affect sexual functioning. For women, ovarian exhaustion causes estrogen deficiency, leading to genitourinary syndrome of menopause, which may include vaginal dryness, irritation/itching, inadequate lubrication, and dyspareunia. Hypoactive sexual desire disorder also can result from biopsychosocial factors. For men, erectile dysfunction prevalence increases with age, and some men develop testosterone deficiency...
January 19, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370809/the-no-go-zone-a-qualitative-study-of-access-to-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-for-sexual-and-gender-minority-adolescents-in-southern-africa
#13
Alex Müller, Sarah Spencer, Talia Meer, Kristen Daskilewicz
BACKGROUND: Adolescents have significant sexual and reproductive health needs. However, complex legal frameworks, and social attitudes about adolescent sexuality, including the values of healthcare providers, govern adolescent access to sexual and reproductive health services. These laws and social attitudes are often antipathetic to sexual and gender minorities. Existing literature assumes that adolescents identify as heterosexual, and exclusively engage in (heteronormative) sexual activity with partners of the opposite sex/gender, so little is known about if and how the needs of sexual and gender minority adolescents are met...
January 25, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336699/persistent-ambivalence-theorizing-queer-east-german-studies
#14
Kyle Frackman
The German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) had an ambivalent relationship with homosexuality. Under the principles of socialism, everyone was welcome to contribute to the greater good. The situation for queer people, here lesbians and gay men, was different: one of illegality and invisibility. A difficulty in analyzing these experiences is the theory and methodology necessary to find them and draw them together in an historical narrative. This essay offers a mode of analysis in which theories of affect illustrate long-term trends in East German conceptualizations of same-sex sexuality...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334020/gender-atypical-personality-or-sexual-behavior-what-is-disgusting-about-male-homosexuality
#15
T Andrew Caswell, Kyrsten Sackett-Fox
Research consistently finds that homosexuality elicits strong feelings of disgust, but the reasons remain unclear. In the current research, we investigate responses to gay men who violate social norms governing the expression of gender and sexuality. Two hundred forty-three college undergraduates read a vignette about a gay male college student whose personality traits (masculine, feminine, or neutral) and sexual behavior (active vs. passive) varied, and reported their affective responses to and cognitive appraisals of the target...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330483/neural-correlates-of-sexual-orientation-in-heterosexual-bisexual-and-homosexual-women
#16
Adam Safron, Victoria Klimaj, David Sylva, A M Rosenthal, Meng Li, Martin Walter, J Michael Bailey
We used fMRI to investigate neural correlates of responses to erotic pictures and videos in heterosexual (N = 26), bisexual (N = 26), and homosexual (N = 24) women, ages 25-50. We focused on the ventral striatum, an area of the brain associated with desire, extending previous findings from the sexual psychophysiology literature in which homosexual women had greater category specificity (relative to heterosexual and bisexual women) in their responses to male and female erotic stimuli. We found that homosexual women's subjective and neural responses reflected greater bias towards female stimuli, compared with bisexual and heterosexual women, whose responses did not significantly differ...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324763/factors-associated-with-urinary-tract-infections-among-hiv-1-infected-patients
#17
Agata Skrzat-Klapaczyńska, Bartłomiej Matłosz, Agnieszka Bednarska, Marcin Paciorek, Ewa Firląg-Burkacka, Andrzej Horban, Justyna D Kowalska
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infections remain an important yet underinvestigated clinical problem among HIV infected patients. Here we analyze factors associated with its occurrence and the spectrum of bacterial pathogens identified in the group of patients followed at the HIV Out-Patient Clinic in Warsaw. METHODS: Clinic database collected all medical information on patients routinely followed since 1994 to 2015. All patients with available urine culture were included into analyses, only the first culture was included...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319432/defining-sexuality-through-the-courts-in-california-s-proposition-8
#18
Alexa DeGagne
This paper provides a discourse analysis of the three major cases Perry v. Schwarzenegger (later Perry v. Brown (2012), Hollingsworth et. al. v. Perry et. al. (2013)) against California's Proposition 8, which banned same-sex marriage in the state constitution. Based on analysis of the briefs, transcripts and decisions from the proceedings, this paper discerns how the discourses that were deployed during the Proposition 8 campaigns from 2008-2013 were filtered through the court system. The paper looks at how both sides defined sexuality in making the case that homosexuals are or are not an identifiable suspect class who are in need of the rights and protections of marriage...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319431/same-sex-marriage-and-the-assimilationist-dilemma-a-research-agenda-on-marriage-equality-and-the-future-of-lgbtq-activism-politics-communities-and-identities
#19
Mary Bernstein
This special issue of the Journal of Homosexuality, examines the impact of the marriage equality movement and the resulting landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision, Obergefell v. Hodges (2015) that legalized same-sex marriage in the U.S. on LGBTQ activism, politics, communities, and identities. The articles in this issue examine the complicated ways in which the discourse used in same-sex marriage court cases is related to heteronormative discursive frames; the lived reality of married same-sex couples and the complex ways in which they think about marriage and heteronormativity; the ways that heteronormativity is racialized which affects how African Americans perceive the impact of same-sex marriage on their lives; how same-sex marriage has influenced public opinion and the likelihood of anti-gay backlash; and the impact of same-sex marriage on family law...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317582/health-and-life-satisfaction-for-chinese-gay-men-%C3%A2-in-guangzhou-china
#20
Yong Yu, Shuiyuan Xiao
To understand Chinese gay men's health and life satisfaction in Guanzhou, and to analyze the main factors for life satisfaction.
 Methods: Male gay participants were recruited through respondent-driven sampling and face-to-face investigations with self-administered questionnaires, including a general demographic questionnaire, a suicide questionnaire, the Depression-Anxiety Stress Scale, the Self-Stigma Scale, the Perceived Social Support Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the Satisfaction with Life Scale...
December 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
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