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Wataru Miyamoto, Shinji Imade, Ken Innami, Hirotaka Kawano, Masato Takao
BACKGROUND: Although early accelerated rehabilitation is recommended for the treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture, most traditional rehabilitation techniques require some type of brace. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 44 feet of 44 patients (25 male and 19 female) with a mean age of 31.8 years who had an acute Achilles tendon rupture related to athletic activity. Patients had been treated by a double side-locking loop suture (SLLS) technique using double antislip knots between stumps and had undergone early accelerated rehabilitation, including active and passive range of motion exercises on the day following the operation and full weight-bearing at 4 weeks...
October 10, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Morten Asser Karsdal, Kim Henriksen, Mette Juul Nielsen, Inger Byrjalsen, Diana Julie Leeming, Stephen Gardner, Zachary Goodman, Keyur Patel, Aleksander Krag, Claus Christiansen, Detlef Schuppan
BACKGROUND: There are no approved treatments for liver fibrosis. To aid development of anti-fibrotic therapies, non-invasive biomarkers that can identify patients with progressive fibrosis and that permit monitoring of the response to anti-fibrotic therapy are much needed. METHODS: Samples from a phase II anti-fibrotic trial of the glitazone farglitazar in patients with advanced hepatitis C, with matched follow-up liver biopsies, and from a phase III study of balaglitazone in late stage type 2 diabetics (BALLET study), were analysed for serological Pro-C3 levels in conjunction with other disease parameters...
October 20, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Citlali López-Ortiz, Tara Egan, Deborah J Gaebler-Spira
INTRODUCTION: This pilot study evaluates the effects of a targeted dance class utilizing classical ballet principles for rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy on balance and upper extremity control. METHODS: Twelve children with cerebral palsy (ages 7-15 years) with Gross Motor Function Classification scores II-IV participated in this study and were assigned to either a control group or targeted dance class group. Targeted dance class group participated in 1-h classes three times per week in a 4-week period...
2016: SAGE Open Medicine
Nili Steinberg, Roger Adams, Gordon Waddington, Janet Karin, Oren Tirosh
Aimed to investigate whether young male and female dancers have different patterns of association between static and dynamic postural balance (PB), 60 dancers from the Australian Ballet School (14-19 years old) were tested for static and dynamic PB with head and lumbar accelerometers. Monotonic relationships between static and dynamic PB were found in head movements among young female dancers in all three directions, but were found for young male dancers in the mediolateral (ML) and anteroposterior (AP) directions only...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Motor Behavior
Olivier Van der Poorten, Astrid Knuhtsen, Daniel Sejer Pedersen, Steven Ballet, Dirk Tourwé
Constraining the conformation of flexible peptides is a proven strategy to increase potency, selectivity and metabolic stability. The focus has mostly been on constraining the backbone dihedral angles; however, the correct orientation of the amino acid side chains (Χ-space) which constitute the peptide pharmacophore is equally important. Control of Χ-space utilizes conformationally constrained amino acids which favor, disfavor or exclude the gauche (‒), the gauche (+) or the trans conformation. In this review we focus on cyclic aromatic amino acids in which the side chain is connected to the peptide backbone to provide control of Χ1- and Χ2-space...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Maria Angélica Kurpel Diogo, Gabriel Gomes de Oliveira Ribas, Thelma Larocca Skare
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The pursuit of perfection can cause anxiety and lead dancers to exceed their physical limits. The aim here was to evaluate the prevalence of pain symptoms and eating disorders among professional and amateur dancers. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational cross-sectional study; Curitiba, PR, Brazil. METHODS: Data on 150 professional and non-professional practitioners of ballet, jazz and street dance were collected through specific questionnaires: Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form (BPI-SF), Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26), Bulimic Investigatory Test Edinburgh (BITE) and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-T-6 (STAI-T-6)...
September 26, 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
Claire Gross, Monica E Rho, Daniel Aguilar, Maria E Reese
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
T O Smith, A de Medici, U Oduoza, A Hakim, B Paton, G Retter, F S Haddad, A Macgregor
OBJECTIVES: To explore the musculoskeletal health of retired professional ballet dancers in the United Kingdom (UK). DESIGN: Online national survey. PARTICIPANTS: Retired professional ballet dancers living in the UK. METHODS: The survey explored: what musculoskeletal injuries or diseases are experienced by retired professional ballet dancers; which anatomical regions were affected by musculoskeletal injuries or diseases in retired professional ballet dancers; whether ballet dancers were forced to retire from professional ballet due to musculoskeletal injuries or disease...
July 29, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Dennis Caine, Glen Bergeron, Brett J Goodwin, Jessica Thomas, Caroline G Caine, Sam Steinfeld, Kevin Dyck, Suzanne André
A cross-sectional design was employed retrospectively to evaluate injuries self-reported by 71 pre-professional ballet dancers over one season. Some of the descriptive findings of this survey were consistent with those of previous research and suggest particular demographic and injury trends in pre-professional ballet. These results include gender distribution, mean age and age range of participants, training hours, injury location, acute versus overuse injuries, as well as average number of physiotherapy treatments per dancer...
2016: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
Lindsay E Harmon-Matthews, J Hope Davis-Coen, Mariah Nierman, Nienke W Willigenburg, Timothy E Hewett
This study describes trends in mean standing functional turnout angles measured on a floor protractor (FP) and the Functional Footprint(®) rotational instrument (RI) during routine clinical screens. Twenty-three professional ballet dancers, 26 collegiate modern students, and 46 ballet academy dancers participated in the study. All dancers demonstrated greater total turnout on the FP compared to the RI (p < 0.001), and the collegiate dancers had significantly smaller total turnout angles compared to both of the other groups (p < 0...
2016: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
Morten A Karsdal, Kim Henriksen, Federica Genovese, Diana J Leeming, Mette J Nielsen, Bente J Riis, Claus Christiansen, Inger Byrjalsen, Detlef Schuppan
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The treatment of type 2 diabetes with full peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) agonists improves insulin sensitivity, but is associated with weight gain, heart failure, peripheral oedema and bone loss. Endotrophin, the C-terminal fragment of the α3 chain of procollagen type VI (also called Pro-C6), is involved in both adipose tissue matrix remodelling and metabolic control. We established a serum assay for endotrophin to assess if this novel adipokine could identify type 2 diabetic patients who respond optimally to PPARγ agonists, improving the risk-to-benefit ratio...
September 8, 2016: Diabetologia
Cheng-Feng Lin, Wan-Chin Lee, Yi-An Chen, Bih-Jen Hsue
Fatigue in ballet dancers may lead to injury, particularly in the lower extremities. However, few studies have investigated the effects of fatigue on ballet dancers' performance and movement patterns. Thus, the current study examines the effect of fatigue on the balance, movement pattern, and muscle activities of the lower extremities in ballet dancers. Twenty healthy, female ballet dancers performed releve on demi-pointe before and after fatigue. The trajectory of the whole body movement and the muscle activities of the major lower extremity muscles were recorded continuously during task performance...
August 2016: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
Abdelmounaim Mouhajir, Olivier Matray, Sandrine Giraud, Laurent Mély, Christophe Marguet, Isabelle Sermet-Gaudelus, Solène Le Gal, Franck Labbé, Christine Person, Françoise Troussier, Jean Jacques Ballet, Gilles Gargala, Rachid Zouhair, Marie-Elisabeth Bougnoux, Jean-Philippe Bouchara, Loïc Favennec
The aim of this work was to document molecular epidemiology of Rasamsonia argillacea species complex isolates from cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. In this work, 116 isolates belonging to this species complex and collected from 26 CF patients and one patient with chronic granulomatous disease were characterized using PCR amplification assays of repetitive DNA sequences, and electrophoretic separation of amplicons (rep-PCR). Data revealed a clustering consistent with molecular species identification. A single species was recovered from most patients...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Lucas Wauters, Thomas Billiet, Konstantinos Papamichael, Vera Ballet, Steven Joniau, Patrick Verschueren, Geert Silversmit, Gert Van Assche, Séverine Vermeire, Marc Ferrante
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study the risk of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) therapy in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and rheumatic diseases (RD) and calculate standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) in IBD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective case-control and cohort study spanning 25 years, including IBD and RD patients with a diagnosis of RCC (1990-2014) identified through the electronic database of a tertiary referral center...
September 3, 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Stephanie Alimena, Mary E Air
BACKGROUND: Patients who trust their physicians are more likely to communicate about medical problems, adhere to medical advice, and be satisfied with care. Dancers have demonstrated low utilization of physician services for both preventive care and dance injuries. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine trust in physicians as a variable influencing dancers' health care-seeking behavior. METHODS: The validated Trust in Physician Scale was administered to 45 professional and 34 student ballet/contemporary dancers in France (36...
September 2016: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Isobel Washington, Susan Mayes, Charlotte Ganderton, Tania Pizzari
BACKGROUND: Screening and training of professional dancers is commonly based around beliefs that a large range of turnout is more advantageous in the ballet industry. This belief leads dancers who have limited hip external rotation to compensate by forcing turnout at the knee and ankle, which has been linked to injury. OBJECTIVE: To examine if there is a difference in degree of turnout between three levels of dancers (corps, soloist, principal) in a professional classical ballet company...
September 2016: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Matthew A Wyon, Nick Allen, Ross Cloak, Sarah Beck, Paul Davies, Frances Clarke
An athlete's cardiorespiratory profile, maximal aerobic capacity, and anaerobic threshold is affected by training regimen and competition demands. The present study aimed to ascertain whether there are company rank differences in maximal aerobic capacity and anaerobic threshold in elite classical ballet dancers. Seventy-four volunteers (M 34, F 40) were recruited from two full-time professional classical ballet companies. All participants completed a continuous incremental treadmill protocol with a 1-km/hr speed increase at the end of each 1-min stage until termination criteria had been achieved (e...
September 2016: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Susan Mayes, April-Rose Ferris, Peter Smith, Andrew Garnham, Jill Cook
Ballet exposes the hip joint to repetitive loading in extreme ranges of movement and may predispose a dancer to pain and osteoarthritis (OA). The aims of this study were to compare the prevalence of cartilage defects in professional ballet dancers and athletes and to determine the relationship of clinical signs and symptoms. Forty-nine male and female, current and retired professional ballet dancers and 49 age- and sex-matched non-dancing athletes completed hip pain questionnaires, including the Copenhagen Hip and Groin Outcome Score (HAGOS), and underwent hip range of movement (ROM) testing and 3-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging to score cartilage defects (no defect, grade 1: focal partial defect and grade 2: diffuse or full thickness defect)...
August 27, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Jessica H Heyer, Donald J Rose
BACKGROUND: An os trigonum is a potential source of posterior ankle pain in dancers, often associated with flexor hallucis longus (FHL) pathology. Options for operative excision include open excision, subtalar arthroscopy, and posterior endoscopy. The purpose of this paper was to present a series of dancers who underwent excision of a symptomatic os trigonum via an open posteromedial approach. METHODS: This study is a retrospective case series of 40 ankles in 38 dancers who underwent os trigonum excision via an open posteromedial approach with FHL tenolysis between 2000 and 2013...
August 22, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Camila D Lima, Lee E Brown, Megan A Wong, Whitney D Leyva, Ronei S Pinto, Eduardo L Cadore, Cassio V Ruas
Stretching is used to increase joint range of motion, but the acute effects can decrease muscle strength. However, this may depend on the population or mode of stretching. The purpose of this study was to compare the acute effects of static vs. ballistic stretching on strength and muscular fatigue between ballet dancers and resistance trained women. Fifteen resistance trained women (age 23.8 ± 1.80 yrs, mass 67.47 ± 7.77 kg, ht 168.30 ± 5.53 cm) and 12 ballet dancers (age 22.8 ± 3.04 yrs, mass 58.67 ± 5...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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