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"Cardiac magnetic resonance"

Goran Abdula, Jannike Nickander, Peder Sörensson, Magnus Lundin, Peter Kellman, Andreas Sigfridsson, Martin Ugander
OBJECTIVES: Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) is the in vivo reference standard for assessing focal myocardial fibrosis. Post-contrast T1-mapping by Modified Look-Locker Inversion recovery (MOLLI) can be used to generate synthetic late gadolinium enhancement (SynLGE) images with an image contrast similar to conventional LGE images. We hypothesized that SynLGE has an accuracy that approaches conventional LGE for diagnosing focal myocardial fibrosis. METHODS: Consecutive patients (n = 109, mean ± SD age 50 ± 16 years, 63% male) referred for clinical cardiac magnetic resonance imaging underwent LGE and post-contrast MOLLI starting 10-15 and 20-25 minutes post contrast, respectively...
March 16, 2018: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
Robin Bülow, Till Ittermann, Marcus Dörr, Axel Poesch, Sönke Langner, Henry Völzke, Norbert Hosten, Marc Dewey, Robin Bülow
OBJECTIVES: Reference ranges of left ventricular (LV) parameters from cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) were established to investigate the impact of ageing and hypertension as important determinants of cardiac structure and function. METHODS: One thousand five hundred twenty-five contrast-enhanced CMRs were conducted in the Study of Health in Pomerania. LV end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), end-systolic volume (LVESV), stroke volume (LVSV), ejection fraction (LVEF), and myocardial mass (LVMM) were determined using long- and short-axis steady-state free-precession sequences...
March 14, 2018: European Radiology
Apostolos Kiaos, Ioannis Tziatzios, Stavros Hadjimiltiades, Charalambos Karvounis, Theodoros D Karamitsos
Stress perfusion cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) has been proposed as an important gatekeeper for invasive coronary angiography (ICA) and percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in patients evaluated for possible coronary artery disease (CAD) (Fihn et al., 2012; Montalescot et al., 2013) [1], [2]. Several meta-analyses have evaluated the accuracy of stress perfusion CMR to diagnose CAD at the vessel level (Danad et al., 2017; Dai et al., 2016; Jiang et al., 2016; Takx et al., 2015; Li et al., 2015; Desai and Jha, 2013; Jaarsma et al...
February 2018: Data in Brief
Victor Chien-Chia Wu, Masaaki Takeuchi
Assessment of right chamber function has become increasingly popular and important in recent decades, complementing the evaluation of left chamber functional parameters. The late adoption and integration of right ventricular (RV) function into a complete evaluation of cardiac function could be due in part to the difficulty in visualization of the whole right ventricle, inconsistency in the analysis of RV parameters, and poor understanding of the impact of RV function on prognosis. From M-mode to 2-dimensional (2D) measurements of RV size and function, there have been arrays of parameters that provide important information of the right ventricle...
February 2018: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
Fateh Ali Tipoo Sultan, Ghufran Adnan
Myocarditis is an inflammatory disease of myocardium with a wide range of clinical presentations. Myocarditis may mimic acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and adequate differential diagnosis is not possible by conventional tests. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) has emerged as a leading imaging modality in the diagnosis of myocarditis in such patients. Here, we report three cases of myocarditis mimicking ACS with normal coronary arteries. CMR was used for confirming the diagnosis of myocarditis in all three patients presented here...
March 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Ali J Marian, Yanli Tan, Lili Li, Jeffrey T Chang, Petros Syrris, Manouchehr Hessabi, Mohammad H Rahbar, James T Willerson, Benjamin Y Cheong, Chia-Ying Liu, Neal S Kleiman, David A Bluemke, Sherif F Nagueh
<u>Rationale:</u> Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a genetic paradigm of cardiac hypertrophy. Cardiac hypertrophy and interstitial fibrosis are important risk factors for sudden death and morbidity in HCM. Oxidative stress is implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis. Treatment with anti-oxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) reverses cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis in animal models of HCM. <u>Objective:</u> To determine effect sizes of NAC on indices of cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis in patients with established HCM...
March 14, 2018: Circulation Research
Manar D Samad, Gregory J Wehner, Mohammad R Arbabshirani, Linyuan Jing, Andrew J Powell, Tal Geva, Christopher M Haggerty, Brandon K Fornwalt
Aims: Previous studies using regression analyses have failed to identify which patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (rTOF) are at risk for deterioration in ventricular size and function despite using common clinical and cardiac function parameters as well as cardiac mechanics (strain and dyssynchrony). This study used a machine learning pipeline to comprehensively investigate the predictive value of the baseline variables derived from cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging and provide models for identifying patients at risk for deterioration...
March 12, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Gabriela Miana de Mattos Paixão, Horácio Eduardo Veronesi, Halsted Alarcão Gomes Pereira da Silva, José Nunes de Alencar Neto, Carolina de Paulo Maldi, Luciano de Figueiredo Aguiar Filho, Ibrahim Masciarelli Francisco Pinto, Francisco Faustino de Albuquerque Carneiro de França, Edileide de Barros Correia
BACKGROUND: Electrocardiogram is the initial test in the investigation of heart disease. Electrocardiographic changes in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy have no set pattern, and correlates poorly with echocardiographic findings. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging has been gaining momentum for better assessment of hypertrophy, as well as the detection of myocardial fibrosis. OBJECTIVES: To correlate the electrocardiographic changes with the location of hypertrophy in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy by cardiac magnetic resonance...
January 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Alessandro Durante
Effective reperfusion of ischemic myocardium is the final aim of both pharmacological and mechanical reperfusive strategies in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. More effective reperfusion is related to better prognosis. In contrast, ineffective reperfusion (no reflow) has been showed to be related to an increased rate of adverse events in the flow-up. Several techniques can be used to assess the effectiveness of reperfusion, and the evolved over the last decades according to the treatment methods but also to technological advancements...
March 13, 2018: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
Esra Ozkavukcu, Andelib Babaturk, Nuray Haliloglu, Tuncay Yuce, Tayfun Ucar
Congenital aneurysms and diverticula of the heart are rare anomalies and their prenatal diagnosis is challenging. Fetuses with suspected cardiac aneurysms on ultrasound (US) screening should undergo targeted fetal echocardiography, postnatal imaging, and follow-ups. Herein, we describe the second trimester US scan and postnatal cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of a baby girl with concurrent septal and right ventricular cardiac aneurysms. Other cardiac and extra-cardiac structures were normal...
February 2018: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Ester Meles, Caterina De Carlini, Gaetano Gentile, Alberto Roghi, Stefano Maggiolini
We report the case of a 56-year-old man showing numerous cardiovascular manifestations of Listeria infection (myo-pericarditis, coronary vasospasm, intracavitary vegetations/thrombus, sinoatrial blocks). Cardiac magnetic resonance and echocardiography images provided an unexpected picture of this infection, and were relevant for the appropriate clinical management. Transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography were useful for assessing the presence of an endocavitary mass. Tissue characterization by cardiac magnetic resonance confirmed the presence of a thrombus and revealed signs of active inflammation in the myocardial wall, pericardium and vascular pedicle...
February 2018: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Frederik Helsen, Pieter De Meester, Alexander Van De Bruaene, Charlien Gabriels, Béatrice Santens, Mathias Claeys, Guido Claessen, Kaatje Goetschalckx, Roselien Buys, Marc Gewillig, Els Troost, Jens-Uwe Voigt, Piet Claus, Jan Bogaert, Werner Budts
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the relationship between right ventricular (RV) systolic dysfunction at rest and reduced exercise capacity in patients with a systemic RV (sRV). METHODS: All patients with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (ccTGA) or complete TGA after atrial switch (TGA-Mustard/Senning) followed in our institution between July 2011 and September 2017 who underwent cardiac imaging within a six-month time period of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) were analyzed...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Georgia Brown, Tilman Humpl
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pulmonary vascular disease (PVD) complicates the course of many cardiovascular, pulmonary and other systemic diseases in children. The physiological sequelae (pulmonary hypertension and elevated pulmonary vascular resistance) can overwhelm the right ventricle and lead to circulatory collapse. Despite the common end-point, the preceding pathophysiology is complex and variable and requires a tailored approach to diagnosis and management. In this article, we will review the most recent evidence and explore an approach to current controversies in the diagnosis and management of common or challenging patient subgroups...
March 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Dennis W den Uijl, Nuno Cabanelas, Eva M Benito, Rosa Figueras, Francisco Alarcón, Roger Borràs, Susanna Prat, Eduard Guasch, Rosario Perea, Marta Sitges, Josep Brugada, Antonio Berruezo, Lluís Mont
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the relation between left atrial (LA) volume, sphericity and fibrotic content derived from contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CE-CMR) and their impact on the outcome of catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS AND RESULTS: In 83 patients undergoing catheter ablation for AF, CE-CMR was used to assess LA volume, sphericity and fibrosis. There was a significant correlation between LA volume and sphericity (R = 0...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Benedict T Costello, Dion Stub, James Hare, Andris H Ellims, Xinyu Wang, Karen Smith, Stephen Bernard, Ziad Nehme, Michael Stephenson, Janet E Bray, Peter Cameron, Bill Barger, Ian T Meredith, David M Kaye, Leah Iles, Andrew J Taylor
BACKGROUND: Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is commonly assumed to represent myocardial fibrosis; however, comparative human histological data are limited, and there is no consensus on the most accurate method for LGE quantitation. We evaluated the relationship between CMR assessment of regional fibrosis and infarct size assessment using serial biomarkers after ST elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: Ninety-three patients treated for STEMI (59±10 years, 86% male) underwent CMR 6 months after infarction...
February 21, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Cristina Basso, Kalliopi Pilichou, Barbara Bauce, Domenico Corrado, Gaetano Thiene
Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (AC) is an inherited heart muscle disease characterized by myocardial atrophy and fibrofatty replacement of the ventricular myocardium, at risk of sudden cardiac death, particularly in the young and athletes. Because there is no "gold standard" to reach the diagnosis of AC, multiple categories of diagnostic information have been combined, including imaging, electrocardiographic changes, arrhythmias, tissue characterization, and family history. However, the routine use of contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance increasingly revealed left dominant AC, a variant that is not well addressed in the diagnostic criteria and still escapes clinical identification...
April 2018: Heart Failure Clinics
Vincenzo Positano, Antonella Meloni, Francesca Macaione, Maria Filomena Santarelli, Laura Pistoia, Andrea Barison, Salvatore Novo, Alessia Pepe
To compare image analysis methods for the assessment of left ventricle non-compaction from cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging. CMR images were analyzed in 20 patients and 10 normal subjects. A reference model of the MR signal was introduced and validated based on image data. Non-compact (NC) myocardium size and distribution were assessed by tracing a single, continuous contour delimiting trabeculated region (Jacquier) or by one-by-one selection of trabeculae (Grothoff). The global non-compact/compact (NC/C) ratio, the NC mass, and the segmental NC/C ratio were assessed...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Matthieu Pelletier-Galarneau, Vincent Finnerty, Stephanie Tan, Sebastien Authier, Jean Gregoire, Francois Harel
BACKGROUND: IQ-SPECT has been shown to significantly reduce acquisition time and administered dose while preserving image quality in myocardial perfusion imaging. Whether IQ-SPECT provides accurate left ventricular ejection fractions (LVEF) with gated blood pool SPECT (GBPS) remains unknown. METHODS: Sixty patients underwent IQ-SPECT GBPS and planar imaging. Among those patients, 11 underwent both cMRI and GBPS. GBPS LVEF, LVEDV, and LVESV were calculated using 2 validated software; QBS (Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, USA) and MHI (Montreal Heart Institute, Montreal, Canada)...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Marzena Barczuk-Falęcka, Łukasz A Małek, Hubert Krysztofiak, Danuta Roik, Michał Brzewski
Physical training is associated with changes in cardiac morphology called the "athlete's heart", which has not been sufficiently studied in children. The aim of the study was to analyze cardiac adaptation to exercise in pre-adolescent soccer players. Thirty-six soccer players (mean age 10.1 ± 1.4 years) and 24 non-athlete male controls (10.4 ± 1.7 years) underwent cardiac magnetic resonance. Measurements of myocardial mass, end-diastolic and end-systolic volume, stroke volume and ejection fraction for left and right ventricle (LV, RV) were performed...
March 8, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
M Barczuk-Falęcka, Ł A Małek, D Roik, K Werys, B Werner, M Brzewski
AIM: To assess the accuracy of simple cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) parameters for first-line analysis of right ventricle (RV) dysfunction in children to identify those who require in-depth analysis and those in whom simple assessment is sufficient. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty paediatric CMR studies were analysed. The following CMR parameters were measured: RV end-diastolic and end-systolic area (4CH EDA and 4CH ESA), fractional area change (FAC), RV diameter in end-diastole (RVD1), tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), and RV outflow tract diameter in end-diastole (RVOT prox)...
March 6, 2018: Clinical Radiology
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