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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778052/self-reported-nonsuicidal-self-injury-nssi-and-sex-as-self-injury-sasi-relationship-to-abuse-risk-behaviors-trauma-symptoms-self-esteem-and-attachment
#1
Maria Zetterqvist, Carl Göran Svedin, Cecilia Fredlund, Gisela Priebe, Marie Wadsby, Linda S Jonsson
This study focuses on a conceptually unexplored behavior among adolescents who report deliberately using sex as a means of self-injury. In a large high school-based sample (n = 5743), adolescents who engaged in sex as self-injury (SASI, n = 43) were compared to adolescents who reported direct nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI, n = 933) and those who reported both NSSI and SASI (n = 82). Results showed that significantly more adolescents with SASI had experience of penetrating sexual abuse, as well as more sexual partners compared to those with NSSI...
May 7, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778010/exposure-to-cannabinoid-agonist-win-55-212-2-during-early-adolescence-increases-alcohol-preference-and-anxiety-in-cd1-mice
#2
Jimena Laura Frontera, Victoria María Gonzalez Pini, Fernando Luis Messore, Alicia Brusco
The endocannabinoid (eCB) system is involved in the modulation of the reward system and participates in the reinforcing effects of different drugs of abuse, including alcohol. The most abundant receptor of the eCB system in the central nervous system is the CB1 receptor (CB1R), which is predominantly expressed in areas involved in drug addiction, such as the nucleus accumbens, the ventral tegmental area, the substantia nigra and the raphe nucleus. CB1R is expressed in early stages during development, and reaches maximum levels during early adolescence...
May 16, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777969/multicontextual-correlates-of-adolescent-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake
#3
Allison W Watts, Jon Miller, Nicole I Larson, Marla E Eisenberg, Mary T Story, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
PURPOSE: To examine personal, home, peer, school, neighborhood, and media correlates of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake in a diverse sample of adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional, population-based study (EAT 2010: Eating and Activity in Teens) of 2793 adolescents (54% female, mean age [SD] = 14.5 [2.0], 80% nonwhite) attending public secondary schools in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota. Adolescents completed a food frequency questionnaire and answered survey questions about their diet/health perceptions and behaviors...
May 1, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777911/deficiency-in-gnrh-receptor-trafficking-due-to-a-novel-homozygous-mutation-causes-idiopathic-hypogonadotropic-hypogonadism-in-three-prepubertal-siblings
#4
Rui Zhang, Siyuan Linpeng, Zhuo Li, Yingxi Cao, Hu Tan, Desheng Liang, Lingqian Wu
Idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH) is characterized by low levels of gonadotropins and delayed or absent sexual development. Most of the patients are diagnosed in late adolescence or early adulthood. Determining the diagnosis of IHH in prepubertal patients can be challenging. Making a timely, correct diagnosis has important clinical implications. Here we aimed to identify the genetic cause of IHH in three prepubertal siblings from a Chinese Han family and give appropriate treatment advice. Using whole exome sequencing (WES), we identified a novel homozygous GNRHR mutation (NM_000406; c...
May 16, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777827/is-reward-prediction-error-encoding-reliable-during-development
#5
Hanna Keren, Gang Chen, Brenda Benson, Monique Ernst, Ellen Leibenluft, Nathan A Fox, Daniel S Pine, Argyris Stringaris
Reward Prediction Errors (RPEs), defined as the difference between the expected and received outcomes, are integral to reinforcement learning models and play an important role in development and psychopathology. In humans, RPE encoding can be estimated using fMRI recordings, however, a basic measurement property of RPE signals, their test-retest reliability across different time scales, remains an open question. In this paper, we examine the 3-month and 3-year reliability of RPE encoding in youth (mean age at baseline = 10...
May 16, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777642/reaching-urban-female-adolescents-at-key-points-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-transitions-evidence-from-a-longitudinal-study-from-kenya
#6
Ilene S Speizer, Lisa M Calhoun, David K Guilkey
Urban areas include large numbers of adolescents (ages 15-19) and young adults (ages 20-24) who may have unmet sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs. Worldwide, adolescents contribute 11% of births, many of which are in low and middle-income countries. This study uses recently collected longitudinal data from urban Kenyan women to examine the association between targeted intervention activities and adolescents' SRH transitions. The focus was on a female adolescent (15-19) sample and their transition to first sex and first pregnancy/birth...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777641/social-norms-and-adolescents-sexual-health-an-introduction-for-practitioners-working-in-low-and-mid-income-african-countries
#7
Beniamino Cislaghi, Holly Shakya
Donors, practitioners and scholars are increasingly interested in harnessing the potential of social norms theory to improve adolescents' sexual and reproductive health outcomes. However, social norms theory is multifaceted, and its application in field interventions is complex. An introduction to social norms that will be beneficial for those who intend to integrate a social norms perspective in their work to improve adolescents' sexual health in Africa is presented. First three main schools of thought on social norms, looking at the theoretical standpoint of each, are discussed...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777628/allergy-in-the-elderly-case-note-review
#8
N J Gray, E L Redshaw, D Isaacs, M D Tarzi, H E Smith, A J Frew
The prevalence of IgE-mediated disease increased significantly during the 20th century. In developed countries, about 20% of people have atopic disease, which consumes significant amounts of healthcare funding. For example, in UK general practice, allergic conditions account for 6% of consultations and ~10% of prescribing costs [1]. Whilst most studies of allergy focus on children and adolescents, relatively little has been written about allergy in older people, although food allergy may be increasingly common in this group [2]...
May 19, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777605/ethics-and-or-aesthetics-reflections-on-cosmetic-surgery-for-adolescents
#9
Gianluca Montanari Vergallo, Enrico Marinelli, Simona Napoletano, Natale Mario Di Luca, Simona Zaami
Cosmetic surgery entails various ethical issues, even more so in cases involving adolescent patients. Cosmetic surgeons need to take into account how modern societies consider physical appearance an essential component of everyday life, as well as the vulnerability of youths and adolescents. For that reason, it is imperative to thoroughly assess the psychological and emotional states, in addition to the motivations, of minor patients. That goal can be achieved through the use of the DAS-59, (the Derriford Appearance Scale)1 , an effective and dependable tool devised to evaluate the psychological difficulties and distress experienced by people living with problems of appearance...
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777584/neuropsychiatric-expression-and-catatonia-in-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-an-overview-and-case-series
#10
Nancy J Butcher, Erik Boot, Anthony E Lang, Danielle Andrade, Jacob Vorstman, Donna McDonald-McGinn, Anne S Bassett
Individuals with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) are at elevated risk of developing treatable psychiatric and neurological disorders, including anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, seizures, and movement disorders, often beginning in adolescence or early to mid-adulthood. Here, we provide an overview of neuropsychiatric features associated with 22q11.2DS in adulthood. Results of a new case series of 13 individuals with 22q11.2DS and catatonic features together with 5 previously reported cases support a potential association of this serious psychomotor phenotype with the 22q11...
May 19, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777546/evaluating-links-among-shyness-peer-relations-and-internalizing-problems-in-chinese-young-adolescents
#11
Junsheng Liu, Julie C Bowker, Robert J Coplan, Panpan Yang, Dan Li, Xinyin Chen
This study evaluates a model linking shyness, aspects of peer relations, and internalizing problems among young adolescents in the People's Republic of China. Participants were 547 young adolescents from Shanghai, China (46% boys; Mage  = 10.35 years, SD = 0.77 years) who completed peer nominations of shyness, rejection, and victimization, and self-report measures of loneliness, depression, and friendship support. Analyses demonstrated that peer difficulties (rejection, victimization) mediated the associations between shyness and internalizing problems...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777539/the-intersection-of-race-and-gender-among-black-american-adolescents
#12
Eleanor K Seaton, Karolyn Tyson
This study employed an exploratory sequential mixed-methods design to examine the intersection of race and gender among Black American adolescents, aged 11-19. The quantitative component (n = 344) used survey data to examine gender differences in peer-perpetrated and adult-perpetrated racial discrimination experiences, and no gender differences were evident. Qualitative data (n = 42) probed how males and females interpret discrimination experiences given the intersection of race and gender. Although the majority of participants believed that Black males and females have similar experiences, some believed that Black males face more racial discrimination...
May 19, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777368/organizational-context-and-individual-adaptability-in-promoting-perceived-importance-and-use-of-best-practices-for-substance-use
#13
Danica K Knight, George W Joe, David T Morse, Corey Smith, Hannah Knudsen, Ingrid Johnson, Gail A Wasserman, Nancy Arrigona, Larkin S McReynolds, Jennifer E Becan, Carl Leukefeld, Tisha R A Wiley
This study examines associations among organizational context, staff attributes, perceived importance, and use of best practices among staff in community-based, juvenile justice (JJ) agencies. As part of the National Institute on Drug Abuse's Juvenile Justice-Translational Research on Interventions for Adolescents in the Legal System (JJ-TRIALS) study, 492 staff from 36 JJ agencies were surveyed about the perceived importance and use of best practices within their organization in five substance use practice domains: screening, assessment, standard referral, active referral, and treatment support...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777304/no-improvement-in-vitamin-d-status-in-german-infants-and-adolescents-between-2009-and-2014-despite-public-recommendations-to-increase-vitamin-d-intake-in-2012
#14
Clemens Kunz, Jürgen Hower, Anette Knoll, Kristin L Ritzenthaler, Thomas Lamberti
PURPOSE: Vitamin D is a key component for the growth and development of children and adolescents, influencing a multitude of functions. Worldwide epidemiological studies have shown that minimum vitamin D blood levels of ≥ 20.0 ng/ml, often defined as vitamin D sufficiency by international and national nutrition and pediatric organizations, are often not met in practice. In 2012 the D-A-CH (Germany, Austria, Switzerland) nutrition societies increased their vitamin D intake recommendations fourfold from 200 IU (5 µg) to 800 IU (20 µg) per day...
May 18, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777227/in-utero-exposure-to-gestational-diabetes-and-adiposity-does-breastfeeding-make-a-difference
#15
L L Hui, A M Li, E A S Nelson, G M Leung, S L Lee, C M Schooling
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Short-term breastfeeding from mothers with gestational diabetes (GDM) may programme metabolism and increase offspring diabetes risk. We examined the association of in utero GDM exposure with adiposity from infancy to adolescence, and whether any association was modified by breastfeeding during early infancy. METHODS: In the prospective Chinese birth cohort "Children of 1997" (n = 7342, 88% follow-up rate), generalised estimate equations with multiple imputation were used to assess associations of in utero GDM exposure with age- and sex-specific body mass index (BMI) z-score during infancy (3 and 9 months), childhood (2- < 8 years) and adolescence (8-16 years), adjusted for sex, parity, maternal age, birth place, preeclampisa, smoking, and family socio-economic position...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777226/genetic-contribution-to-waist-to-hip-ratio-in-mexican-children-and-adolescents-based-on-12-loci-validated-in-european-adults
#16
Michelle Turcotte, Arkan Abadi, Jesus Peralta-Romero, Fernando Suarez, Hudson Reddon, Jaime Gomez-Zamudio, Ana I Burguete-Garcia, Miguel Cruz, David Meyre
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of abdominal obesity in Mexican children has risen dramatically in the past decade. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) performed predominantly in European descent adult  populations have identified multiple single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with larger effects in women. The contribution of these SNPs to WHR in non-European children is unknown. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Mexican children and adolescents (N = 1421, 5-17 years) were recruited in Mexico City...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776979/ethical-challenges-raised-by-opennotes-for-pediatric-and-adolescent-patients
#17
Fabienne C Bourgeois, Catherine M DesRoches, Sigall K Bell
Sharing clinic notes online with patients and parents may yield many potential benefits to patients and providers alike, but the unprecedented transparency and accessibility to notes afforded by patient portals has also raised a number of unique ethical and legal concerns. As the movement toward transparent notes (OpenNotes) grows, clinicians and health care organizations caring for pediatric and adolescent patients wrestle with how to document confidential and sensitive information, including issues such as reproductive health, misattributed paternity, or provider and parent disagreements...
May 18, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776897/reach-and-acceptability-of-a-mobile-reminder-strategy-and-facebook-group-intervention-for-weight-management-in-less-advantaged-adolescents-insights-from-the-pralimap-in%C3%A3-s-trial
#18
Laura Saez, Johanne Langlois, Karine Legrand, Marie-Hélène Quinet, Edith Lecomte, Abdou Y Omorou, Serge Briançon
BACKGROUND: Although information and communication technology interventions appear to be a promising means of reducing the health inequality gap in overweight and obesity prevention, research on information and communication technology interventions is lacking outside the Anglo-Saxon world. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the reach and acceptability of 2 information and communication technology interventions delivered as part of a French nutritional program: an SMS text messaging (short message service, SMS) attendance-reminder for collective sessions strategy and a Facebook challenge group...
May 18, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776776/reliability-of-the-lateral-abdominal-muscle-thickness-measurements-in-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients
#19
Pawel Linek, Anna Klepek, Tomasz Wolny, Grzegorz Mikołajowski
BACKGROUND: To date, the reliability of ultrasound imaging (US) measures of the abdominal muscle thickness in idiopathic scoliosis (IS) patients during early stages of adolescence has not been confirmed. OBJECTIVE: To assess the intra-rater reliability of US measures of the thickness of the external oblique (EO), internal oblique (IO), and transversus abdominis (TrA) on convex and concave body sides in adolescents with IS. DESIGN: One-way repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) and reliability study...
May 3, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776705/-pneumothorax-in-young-cannabis-smokers-a-propos-of-three-cases
#20
M-L Chardon, J-C Dalphin, B Degano
INTRODUCTION: Cannabis consumption is common among adolescents and young adults in France. In addition to its neurological effect, cannabis smoking can induce severe pulmonary emphysema, even in young patients. When a spontaneous pneumothorax occurs in a cannabis smoker, the possibility of a secondary spontaneous pneumothorax should be considered. This may be of importance as management of secondary spontaneous pneumothorax may differ from the well-codified handling of primary spontaneous pneumothorax...
May 15, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
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