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Adolescence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941386/trp64arg-polymorphism-of-the-adrb3-gene-associated-with-maximal-fat-oxidation-and-ldl-c-levels-in-non-obese-adolescents
#1
Íncare Correa de Jesus, Lupe Furtado Alle, Eva Cantalejo Munhoz, Larissa Rosa da Silva, Wendell Arthur Lopes, Luciane Viater Tureck, Katia Sheylla Malta Purim, Ana Claudia Kapp Titski, Neiva Leite
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between the Trp64Arg polymorphism of the ADRB3 gene, maximal fat oxidation rates (FATMAX) and the lipid profile levels in non-obese adolescents. METHODS: 72 schoolchildren, of both genders, aged between 11 and 17 years, participated in the study. The anthropometric and body composition variables, in addition to total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein (HDL-c), low density lipoprotein (LDL-c), triglycerides (TG), insulin (INS), and basal glycemia (GLIC), were evaluated...
September 20, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941378/associations-among-adolescent-sleep-problems-emotion-regulation-and-affective-disorders-findings-from-a-nationally-representative-sample
#2
Cara A Palmer, Benjamin Oosterhoff, Joanne L Bower, Julie B Kaplow, Candice A Alfano
Sleep problems in youth reliably forecast the development of anxiety and mood disorders, presumably due to increased emotional difficulties. However, precise emotional mechanisms have yet to be delineated. The current study investigated how sleep problems in adolescence are associated with different emotion regulation strategies, and how sleep and psychiatric risk may be indirectly associated via poor emotion regulation. This study utilized data from the National Comorbidity Survey-Adolescent Supplement, a nationally representative sample from the United States (N = 10,148; age range 13-18 years)...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938649/family-based-whole-exome-sequencing-of-atopic-dermatitis-complicated-with-cataracts
#3
Wenxin Luo, Wangdong Xu, Lin Xia, Dan Xie, Lin Wang, Zaipei Guo, Yue Cheng, Yi Liu, Weimin Li
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common skin disorder with elevated prevalence. Cataract induced by AD rarely occurs in adolescent and young adult patients, which is also called atopic cataract. Using whole exome sequencing, we aimed to explore genetic alterations among AD and atopic cataract. RESULT: We recruited a 19 year-old Chinese male with AD accompanied with cataracts, his father with AD and his mother without AD or cataract. Through analysis of the exomic sequence of the 3 individuals from the same family, we identified that with respect to AD, there were 162 genes mutated in both this patient and his father but not in his mother...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938525/toxic-effects-of-tripterygium-wilfordii-hook-f-on-the-reproductive-system-of-adolescent-male-rats
#4
Xiaoping Jing, Weiwei Cheng, Sheng Guo, Ya Zou, Ting Zhang, Li He
Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F. (TWHF) is a compound extracted from Lei Gong Teng (Thunder God Vine) that has been used to treat a variety of immune-related diseases in clinical practice, particularly in pediatrics. Nevertheless, clinical data indicated that glycosides from Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F (GTW) are toxic to the male reproductive system, but the mechanism is unknown. Here, the administration of a high dose of GTW for 4 weeks and a low dose for 12 weeks can reduce the body weights and testes weights in adolescent male rats...
September 18, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938511/-obesity-and-kidney-disease-renal-consequences-of-an-epidemic
#5
Helmut Schiffl, Susanne Maria Lang
Overweight and obesity are widespread in the German population, affecting not only adults but also a significant number of children and adolescents. The risk to develop chronic kidney disease is markedly increased in overweight or adipose children, adolescents and adults.Overweight and obesity induced risk factors have a direct impact on the development of chronic renal disease (obesity-associated focal segmental glomerulosclerosis). They accelerate the progression of coexistent nephropathies (diabetic or hypertensive nephropathy, primary glomerulonephritides) and are independent risk factors for the development of acute kidney injury in critically ill patients...
September 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938456/growth-hormone-improves-cardiopulmonary-capacity-and-body-composition-in-children-with-growth-hormone-deficiency
#6
Donatella Capalbo, Flavia Barbieri, Nicola Improda, Francesco Giallauria, Elisa Di Pietro, Antonio Rapacciuolo, Raffaella Di Mase, Carlo Vigorito, Mariacarolina Salerno
Context: Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) in children may be associated with early cardiovascular risk factors and alterations in left ventricular (LV) structure and function; however, data on cardiopulmonary functional capacity are lacking. Objectives: Aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of GHD and GH therapy on cardiopulmonary functional capacity, left and right cardiac structure and function, and body composition in children and adolescents. Design: Prospective, case-control study...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938419/nocturnal-urinary-excretion-of-fsh-and-lh-in-children-and-adolescents-with-normal-and-early-puberty
#7
Nanna Kolby, Alexander S Busch, Lise Aksglaede, Kaspar Sørensen, Jorgen Holm Petersen, Anna-Maria Andersson, Anders Juul
Context: Clinical use of single serum gonadotropin measurements in children is limited by the pulsatile section of FSH and LH. However, first morning voided (FMV) urine may integrate the fluctuating gonadotropin serum levels. Objective: We aimed to evaluate urinary and serum gonadotropin levels according to age, sex and pubertal stage in healthy children and to assess the clinical use of FMV urinary gonadotropins in children with disordered puberty. Design: Cross-sectional part of the COPENHAGEN Puberty study and longitudinal study of patients...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938229/prevalence-and-correlates-of-comorbid-depression-in-a-nonclinical-online-sample-with-dsm-5-internet-gaming-disorder
#8
Hee Ryung Wang, Hyun Cho, Dai-Jin Kim
BACKGROUND: We investigated the prevalence and correlates of comorbid depression among patients with internet gaming disorder using the Internet Gaming Disorder scale (IGD-9) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) among nonclinical online survey respondents. METHODS: Korean adolescents and adults from 14 to 39 years of age were selected. We compared internet gaming use patterns and sociodemographic and clinical variables between patients with internet gaming disorder who had depression and those without depression...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938206/the-moderating-effect-of-the-need-to-belong-and-classroom-composition-on-belongingness-seeking-of-minority-adolescents
#9
Fu Wen Kuo, Shu Ching Yang
This study aimed to elucidate whether the interaction of classroom composition and the need to belong influences belongingness seeking and, if so, to investigate how upward comparison mediates the effects. The analyses were conducted with a cross-sectional sample of 383 Taiwanese aboriginal adolescents (39.7% male) recruited from schools with mixed-sex/ethnicity (n = 113), single-sex (n = 122), and minority-only (n = 148) classrooms. After controlling for socioeconomic status, the moderation analyses indicated that participants with a chronic need to belong in classes with diversity (mixed sex/ethnicity) perceived higher social acceptance, while those with a chronic need to belong in homogeneous classes (single-sex and minority-only) reported greater feelings of rejection...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938185/gradient-of-association-between-parenting-styles-and-patterns-of-drug-use-in-adolescence-a-latent-class-analysis
#10
Juliana Y Valente, Hugo Cogo-Moreira, Zila M Sanchez
BACKGROUND: To identify different patterns of drug use in adolescence and determine if these are associated with parenting styles and other sociodemographic factors. METHODS: A latent class analysis was conducted using baseline data collected in a sample (n=6381) from a randomized controlled trial conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the #Tamojunto drug-use prevention program, carried out with 7th- and 8th-grade public school students in six Brazilian cities...
September 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937951/effect-of-stress-level-on-different-forms-of-self-touch-in-pre-and-postadolescent-girls
#11
Kyra Densing, Hippokrates Konstantinidis, Melanie Seiler
Self-touch serves for regulation of both hyper- and hypoarousal. It remains unclear if different forms of self-touch occur in different contexts, and if the regulatory mechanisms are learned or innate. The authors describe forms and context of self-touch, and explore age differences in stress processing. They analyzed hand movements of 10 pre- and 10 postadolescent girls in low-stress and high-stress settings and found 3 forms of self-touch. In postadolescent participants, self-touch 2 (irregular structure, rhythmical, medium intensity) and 3 (phasic structure, single accent, medium intensity) were used for self-regulation, whereas self-touch 1 (irregular structure, single accent, low intensity) had conversational reasons...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937863/bullying-victimization-binge-drinking-and-marijuana-use-among-adolescents-results-from-the-2013-national-youth-risk-behavior-survey
#12
Emily Priesman, Rameika Newman, Jason A Ford
The current research examines the association between bullying victimization, binge drinking, and marijuana use among adolescents. We seek to determine if this association varies based on the type of bullying experienced, traditional or cyberbullying. We used data from the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, a nationally representative sample of high school students in the United States. The dependent variables were binge drinking and marijuana use. Our key independent variable, bullying victimization, included both traditional and cyberbullying...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937851/hpv-vaccine-acceptability-in-high-risk-greek-men
#13
Lea Hoefer, Savas Tsikis, George Bethimoutis, Electra Nicolaidou, Vassilios Paparizos, Christina Antoniou, Antonios Kanelleas, Leonidas Chardalias, Georgios-Emmanouil Stavropoulos, John Schneider, Angella Charnot-Katsikas
BACKGROUND: HPV is associated with malignancy in men, yet there is a lack of data on HPV knowledge, vaccine acceptability, and factors affecting vaccine acceptability in Greek men. This study aims to identify determinants of knowledge and willingness to vaccinate against HPV among high-risk Greek men. METHODS: Men (n = 298) between the ages of 18 and 55 were enrolled from the STI and HIV clinics at "Andreas Syggros" Hospital in Athens, Greece from July-October 2015...
September 22, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937838/protein-supplements-pros-and-cons
#14
Jay Rabindra Kumar Samal, Indira R Samal
To provide a comprehensive analysis of the literature examining the pros and cons of protein supplementation, various articles on protein supplementation were obtained from Google Scholar, PubMed, and National Center for Biotechnology Information. Over the past few years, protein supplementation has become commonplace for gym-goers as well as for the public. A large segment of the general population relies on protein supplementation for meal replacement, weight reduction, and purported health benefits. These protein supplements have varying pros and cons associated with them, which are often overlooked by the public...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937577/trajectories-of-musculoskeletal-pain-from-adolescence-to-middle-age-the-role-of-early-depressive-symptoms-a-27-year-follow-up-of-the-northern-swedish-cohort
#15
Päivi Leino-Arjas, Kristiina Rajaleid, Gashaw Mekuria, Tapio Nummi, Pekka Virtanen, Anne Hammarström
Depression and musculoskeletal pain are associated, but long-term follow-up studies are rare. We aimed to examine the relationship of early depressive symptoms with developmental patterns of musculoskeletal pain from adolescence to middle age. Adolescents ending compulsory school (age 16) in Luleå, Northern Sweden, in 1981 (n = 1083) were studied and followed up in 1986, 1995, and 2008 (age 43) for musculoskeletal pain. Attrition was very low. Indicators for any and severe pain were based on pain in the neck-shoulders, low back, and the extremities...
September 19, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937548/a-follow-up-study-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-children-and-adolescents
#16
Shanti Mitchell, Ehmer Hassan, Neera Ghaziuddin
OBJECTIVES: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective and a safe treatment for several severe psychiatric disorders across the age span. However, its use remains controversial and highly stigmatized especially among patients under 18 years. In this study, we examined current symptoms, attitudes, perception, and functioning of patients treated with ECT when they were less than 18 years old. METHODS: Participants had received ECT before age 18, between 1989 and 2015, at a tertiary medical center...
September 20, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937543/cholangiocarcinoma-among-children-and-adolescents-a-review-of-the-literature-and-seer-database-analysis
#17
Jennifer R Newsome, Rajkumar Venkatramani, Andras Heczey, Heather E Danysh, Douglas S Fishman, Tamir Miloh
OBJECTIVES: Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a biliary malignancy found primarily in adults. The incidence of CCA in children is unknown. The aim of this study was to describe characteristics of CCA in children and adolescents. METHODS: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER 18) database, we identified incident cases of CCA diagnosed at <20 years of age during the period of 1973-2013. Additionally, we reviewed published case reports describing pediatric patients with CCA...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937482/diffusion-tensor-imaging-of-lumbar-vertebras-in-female-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-initial-findings
#18
Dongmei Wang, Shoufeng Wang, Yao Gao, Zhengyang Zhou, Jian He
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to characterize diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) features of lumbar vertebras in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. METHODS: Fifty-two AIS patients and 20 healthy volunteers underwent 3-T magnetic resonance scanning including DTI sequence. The fractional anisotropy (FA) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values on the convex and concave sides of lumbar vertebras were obtained and compared. RESULTS: The FA and ADC values differed significantly between the convex and concave side of lumbar vertebras in AIS (P < 0...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937468/psychogenic-low-back-pain-and-hysterical-paralysis-in-adolescence
#19
Tsukasa Kanchiku, Hidenori Suzuki, Yasuaki Imajo, Yuichiro Yoshida, Norihiro Nishida, Toshihiko Taguchi
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical outcomes in adolescents diagnosed with psychogenic low-back pain and hysterical paralysis and to evaluate the efficacy of differential diagnosis methods. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The incidence of low-back pain in adolescence is similar to that in adults, but the causes of low-back pain are difficult to determine in most cases. For these patients, a definitive diagnosis of psychogenic low-back pain and hysterical paralysis as well as adequate treatment are clinically important to avoid unnecessary surgical treatment...
October 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937467/does-the-prevalence-of-spondylolysis-and-spina-bifida-occulta-observed-in-pediatric-patients-remain-stable-in-adults
#20
Julio Urrutia, Tomas Zamora, Jorge Cuellar
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of lumbar spondylolysis and spina bifida occulta (SBO) in pediatric and adult populations. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The prevalence of spondylolysis reported from radiograph-based studies in children had been questioned in computed tomography (CT)-based studies in adults; however, a recent CT-based study in pediatric patients has confirmed the previously reported data in pediatric populations...
October 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
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