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Adolescence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169188/cardiac-autonomic-function-cardiovascular-risk-and-physical-activity-in-adolescents
#1
Ricardo S Oliveira, Alan R Barker, Craig Anthony Williams
The aims of this study were to investigate in adolescents: 1) the relationships of physical activity (PA) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) to traditional CVD risk factors, rest and recovery autonomic function; and 2) whether autonomic function strengthens the associations between PA, CRF and CVD risk. Fifty-four (22 girls) adolescents had traditional CVD risk factors, rest and recovery autonomic function evaluated. CRF was measured using a steep ramp cycle test and PA was assessed with accelerometers. Resting HRV (and RMSSD30) and heart rate recovery (T30, HHRτ) were used...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169142/a-matter-of-fact-adolescents-assumptions-about-crime-laws-and-authority-and-their-domain-specific-beliefs-about-punishment
#2
Benjamin Oosterhoff, Natalie J Shook, Aaron Metzger
This study examined adolescents' beliefs about the amount of punishment individuals should receive for violating different laws and whether these beliefs are connected with their informational assumptions (i.e., perceived facts) about crime, laws, and authority. American adolescents (N = 340; Mage = 16.64, 58.2% female) reported their judgments concerning the appropriate punishment for violating laws regulating domain-specific behaviors and their informational assumptions regarding the prevalence and causes of crime, beliefs that authority is knowledgeable, and the purpose of punishment...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169141/complicated-grief-and-caregiving-correlates-among-bereaved-adolescent-girls-in-south-africa
#3
Tonya R Thurman, Tory M Taylor, Brian Luckett, Alexandra Spyrelis, Johanna Nice
To our knowledge, this is the first study to document correlates of complicated grief among bereaved adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa. Participants included 339 female adolescents in South Africa who experienced the loss of a loved one at least six months prior to the survey; their primary caregivers were also surveyed. One-fifth of adolescents were classified as having complicated grief using the Inventory of Complicated Grief Revised for Children in conjunction with grief-induced functional impairment. The loss of a biological parent, the primary caregiver's level of grief, and economic stressors since the loss were associated with increased odds of complicated grief among adolescents...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169075/maternal-intention-to-exclusively-breast-feed-among-mainland-chinese-mothers-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Xiao Yang, Wan-Yim Ip, Ling-Ling Gao
OBJECTIVE: to examine postpartum maternal recall of their intentions to exclusively breast feed among breastfeeding women and identify its predictors. DESIGN AND SETTING: a cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in a regional teaching hospital at Guangzhou, China between April 1 and July 14, 2014. PARTICIPANTS: 571 mothers who were within four days after delivery were recruited to the study. MEASUREMENTS: data were collected by four research assistants with maternal intention to breast feed data sheet, the Network Support for Breastfeeding Scale (NSBS), and a socio-demographic data sheet...
November 10, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168974/heeadsss-up-pediatric-residents-confidence-and-practice-in-adolescent-health-care-before-and-after-mandatory-adolescent-medicine-rotations-in-thailand
#5
Rosawan S Areemit, Boonying Manaboriboon, Supinya In-Iw, Jiraporn Arunakul, Wirote Areekul
Background The field of adolescent medicine is an emerging area of specialization in Thailand. Adolescent medicine was made a mandatory rotation in general pediatric residency training programs for the class of 2013. Objective This study aims to explore the difference in pediatric residents' confidence and the frequency in providing aspects of care to adolescents. Subjects Participants included two groups of pediatric residents; the former curriculum group (FCG) in 2012 and the mandatory curriculum group (MCG) in 2015...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168970/human-adenovirus-36-seropositivity-and-obesity-among-midwestern-us-adolescents
#6
Aneesh K Tosh, Mollie G Wasserman, Matthew T McLeay Ii, Sara K Tepe
Objective Human adenovirus-36 (Ad-36) infection has been implicated as a risk factor for obesity. This study aims to measure Ad-36 antibody prevalence among obese and healthy-weight Midwestern US adolescents. Methods Obese and healthy-weight subjects 10-18 years of age attending an adolescent clinic in Missouri, USA, were tested for Ad-36 antibodies via ELISA assay. All subjects were measured for height and weight to determine body mass index (BMI). χ2 analysis was used to compare Ad-36 antibody prevalence between the two groups...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168969/comparing-health-promotion-behaviors-of-male-and-female-high-school-students-in-southeast-of-iran
#7
Nasibeh Salari, Jamileh Farokhzadian, Faroukh Abazari
Background Adolescence is one of the most challenging periods of human life. Many healthy or risky behaviors may be formed during this period and continue to the end of life. The aim of this study was to examine and compare the health promotion behaviors of male and female students in high schools. Methods In this descriptive-comparative study, 609 high school students were selected using multi-stage random sampling method. Data were collected using demographic and health-promoting lifestyle profile (HPLPII) questionnaires...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168967/menstrual-irregularity-and-use-of-oral-contraceptives-in-female-adolescent-athletes-in-swedish-national-sports-high-schools
#8
Philip von Rosen, Annette Heijne, Anna Frohm, Cecilia Fridén
Objective Female adolescent athletes seem to use oral contraceptives (OCs) in the same proportion as the general population. In athletes not using OCs, menstrual irregularity (MI) is reported to be common but there are few studies of MI in adolescent athletes. The aim of the study was to survey menarche, menstrual irregularity and use of OCs in adolescent athletes in the National Sports High Schools in Sweden. A further aim was to study the associations between current sport injury and menstrual irregularity as well as use of OCs...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168965/relationships-between-metabolic-profile-hypertension-and-uric-acid-with-cardiometabolic-risk-in-adolescents-with-abdominal-obesity-impact-of-geodemographic-factors-on-the-prevalence-of-abdominal-obesity
#9
Hamida Bouhenni, Hadjer Daoudi, Haidar Djemai, Philippe Noirez, Abdelkader Rouabah, Damien Vitiello, Leila Rouabah
Background Association of hyperuricemia, dyslipidemia and high blood pressure (BP) among adolescents with high waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) remains not fully addressed and could represent a new way to diagnose adolescents early with cardiometabolic risk. Objective We aimed to determine abdominal obesity (AO) prevalence and investigate relations between AO, uric acid (UA), lipid profiles, BP and geographical patterns in adolescents. Subjects 577 and 204 Algerian students aged between 10 and 19 years were included in our epidemiological and biochemical studies, respectively...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168962/assessment-of-anxiety-in-adolescents-involved-in-a-study-abroad-program-a-prospective-study
#10
Yulia Roitblat, Ryan Cleminson, Aaron Kavin, Edan Schonberger, Michael Shterenshis
Objective The aim of the study was to measure the effects on levels of anxiety in healthy teenagers caused by a temporary change of country and school during a study abroad program. Methods In a prospective study we gathered the data from six anxiety level related tests on high school participants in a study abroad program (age 15-17, n = 364, M 172, F 192). These volunteer participants were divided into two separate groups: with self-reported elevated levels of anxiety (n = 111; YES-group) and with self-reported normal levels of anxiety (n = 253; NO-group)...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168961/differences-and-similarities-in-medicine-use-perceptions-and-sharing-among-adolescents-in-two-different-educational-settings
#11
Stense Vestergaard, Pernille Ravn, Christine Erikstrup Hallgreen, Susanne Kaae
Background Evidence suggests that there are differences in medicine habits among adolescents with different sociodemographic backgrounds and that peers might also influence medicine use. More knowledge is needed regarding how these aspects together affect how different young people use medicines. Objective To explore the differences in medicine use, perceptions and sharing between adolescents at two different educational (and socio-demographic) settings and assess the influence of parents and peers. Subjects Fifty-nine students from a private high school (HS) and 34 students from a public vocational school (VS) in Denmark between the ages of 15 and 19 years old were subjects in this study...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168959/effect-of-a-brief-training-program-for-primigravid-adolescents-on-parenting-self-efficacy-and-mother-infant-bonding-in-the-southeast-of-iran
#12
Zahra Moudi, Behjat Talebi, Mahnaz Shahraki Pour
Background Annually, about 16 million adolescent girls give birth, accounting for 11% of all births worldwide. Ninety-five percent of these births occur in low- and middle-income countries, and previous studies have addressed the need for parenting interventions in developing countries with limited health care resources to improve parenting behaviors. Objective To explore the effect of a brief training program for primigravid adolescents on parenting self-efficacy and mother-infant bonding. Subjects We enrolled 116 married pregnant adolescents...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168958/relationships-between-physical-activity-food-choices-gender-and-bmi-in-southern-californian-teenagers
#13
Jaclyn B Gaylis, Susan S Levy, Shiloah Kviatkovsky, Rebecca DeHamer, Mee Young Hong
Given the increased prevalence of pediatric obesity and risk of developing chronic disease, there has been great interest in preventing these conditions during childhood by focusing on healthy lifestyle habits, including nutritious eating and physical activity (PA). The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between PA, body mass index (BMI) and food choices in adolescent males and females. This cross-sectional study, using a survey questionnaire, evaluated 1212 Southern Californian adolescents' self-reported PA, BMI and food frequency...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168957/the-effects-of-introducing-tabata-interval-training-and-stability-exercises-to-school-children-as-a-school-based-intervention-program
#14
Annika Ekström, Anna Hafsteinsson Östenberg, Glenn Björklund, Marie Alricsson
Background Physical activities during leisure time as well as school hours have changed over the past few years, with adolescents being less physically active and adopting a sedentary lifestyle. Objective The overall objective of this mixed-methods study was to evaluate the feasibility of introducing a 4-min Tabata interval training into a lower secondary school context. A further aim was to evaluate the possible effects on: coordination, balance, and strength. Methods The study was conducted as an intervention study with a mixed-method approach...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168956/-health-related-quality-of-life-and-psychosocial-factors-in-adolescents-with-chronic-disease-a-systematic-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
Teresa Santos, Margarida Gaspar de Matos, Celeste Simões, Isabel Leal, Maria do Céu Machado
Background Research on living with a chronic disease (CD) in adolescence is increasing. However, studies on the relevance of psychosocial factors are still needed. The present review, focuses on the impact of living with a CD in adolescence on on quality of life (QoL), health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and psychosocial factors. Methods A literature review of articles identified through PubMed, PsycINFO and PsycARTICLES (these last two ones comprise the Ebsco Host platform) and original peer-reviewed research papers, published between 2010 and 2015, with no restrictions regarding the format/source of interventions, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or types of comparisons were included...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168955/adherence-to-a-mediterranean-dietary-pattern-and-overweight-and-obesity-among-female-adolescents-in-iran
#16
Fatemeh Sedaghat, Farah Naja, Mina Darand, Bita Beyzai, Bahram Rashidkhani
Background Given the high prevalence of overweight and obesity in Iran, identification of a healthy diet is essential. Objective This study aimed to assess the association between adherence to a Mediterranean diet and overweight and obesity in female adolescents. Methods Two hundred and eighty female adolescents from high schools in Tehran were recruited. General information, physical activity and food frequency questionnaires were completed. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was evaluated using the Mediterranean Style Dietary Pattern Score (MSDPS)...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168954/social-mobilization-for-safe-transition-from-adolescence-a-qualitative-research-in-iran
#17
Nezal Azh, Fatemeh Nahidi, Giti Ozgoli, Gelayol Ardalan
Introduction Until now, the services provided to Iranian youth have been prepared based on authorities' perspectives and according to the resources and reports from other countries and international agencies. Using youth perspectives to provide health, however, helps in continuing the process of providing health services, and most young people will receive these services. Objective To explain perception of youth and key individuals to improve health programs for safe transition in Iran. Methodology This study is a qualitative research with a grounded theory approach...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168597/reliability-and-clinical-features-associated-with-the-ipsg-mri-tibiotalar-and-subtalar-joint-scores-in-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-haemophilia
#18
T Brunel, S Lobet, K Deschamps, C Hermans, K Peerlinck, J Vandesande, J-B Pialat
OBJECTIVES: To assess the reliability of the IPSG MRI scale for tibiotalar (TTJ) and subtalar joint (STJ) changes in young haemophilic patients, correlating MRI findings with functional scores and 3D-rearfoot kinematics. METHODS: A total of 37 haemophilic patients underwent bilateral MRI of the footankle, clinical evaluation and quantitative assessment of their 3D-rearfoot kinematics during walking. TTJ and STJ soft tissues were assessed twice along with osteochondral changes by two radiologists using the IPSG MRI scale...
November 23, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168590/clustering-patterns-of-oral-and-general-health-risk-behaviours-in-brazilian-adolescents-findings-from-a-national-survey
#19
Lidia M R Jordão, Deborah C Malta, Maria do Carmo M Freire
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate how oral and general health-risk behaviours cluster among Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: The study comprised a total of 109 104 adolescents (52.2% female) participating in the Brazilian National School-based Student Health Survey (PeNSE). Seventeen behaviours (including diet; oral and hand hygiene; frequency of dental visits; tobacco, alcohol and drug use; sexual behaviour; physical activity, and risk for external causes) were measured using a self-reported questionnaire...
November 23, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168573/oral-health-status-among-children-and-adolescents-in-governmental-and-private-schools-of-the-palestinian-territories
#20
Lamis Abuhaloob, Poul Erik Petersen
BACKGROUND: Political conflicts in the Palestinian Territories (PT) have resulted in systematic deterioration of socio-economic conditions and health. The World Health Organization (WHO) has emphasised the negative impacts of social crisis on children' oral health and quality of life. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence and trends in dental caries and poor gingival health of schoolchildren in the PT through the scholastic years 1998/1999 to 2012/2013. METHODS: This is a retrospective study...
November 23, 2017: International Dental Journal
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