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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028729/therapeutic-hypothermia-for-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#1
Heath Douglas White, Shekhar Ghamande, Alejandro C Arroliga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028723/does-driving-pressure-matter-in-pediatric-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-strain-to-find-the-answer
#2
Yu Inata, Muneyuki Takeuchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028702/just-because-things-are-not-different-does-not-mean-they-are-the-same-biomarker-patterns-in-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#3
Manu Shankar-Hari, Gordon D Rubenfeld
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028699/pediatric-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-asia-none-of-us-is-as-smart-as-all-of-us
#4
H Michael Ushay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025303/serum-surfactant-protein-d-as-a-marker-for-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#5
Suja Vinod, Andrew Gow, Barry Weinberger, Debra Potak, Mark Hiatt, Shaku Chandra, Thomas Hegyi
BACKGROUND: Lung epithelial cells express surfactant protein D (SP-D), a calcium-dependent lectin that plays an important role in antibody-independent pulmonary host defense. Previous studies have shown that it is found in the peripheral circulation in patients with pulmonary disease, likely because of translocation into the blood when lung epithelial barriers are disrupted by inflammation or acute injury. In adults, serum SP-D levels are biomarkers for the progression and severity of chronic lung disease...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021724/inhalation-injury-in-a-burn-unit-a-retrospective-review-of-prognostic-factors
#6
D Monteiro, I Silva, P Egipto, A Magalhães, R Filipe, A Silva, A Rodrigues, J Costa
Inhalation injury (InI) is known to seriously affect the prognosis of burn patients, as it is strongly associated with high morbidity and mortality. Despite major advances in the treatment of burn patients in the past years, advances in the treatment of smoke InI have been somewhat limited; mortality reduction mostly results from improvements in critical care. It is difficult to separate the contribution of InI from other mechanisms that also affect respiratory tract and lungs. The aim of this study was to compare patients with and without InI and to identify prognostic factors among patients with smoke InI...
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019797/the-promise-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-therapy-for-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#7
Ben Antebi, Arezoo Mohammadipoor, Andriy I Batchinsky, Leopoldo C Cancio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019530/efficacy-of-prone-position-in-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#8
Michel Marcos Dalmedico, Dafne Salas, Andrey Maciel de Oliveira, Fátima Denise Padilha Baran, Jéssica Tereza Meardi, Michelle Caroline Santos
OBJECTIVE: To identify and integrate the available scientific evidence related to the use of the prone position in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome for the reduction of the outcome variable of mortality compared to the dorsal decubitus position. METHOD: Overview of systematic reviews or meta-analyzes of randomized clinical trials. It included studies that evaluated the use of prone positioning in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome published between 2014 and 2016...
October 9, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016432/is-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome-relevant-to-pulmonary-complications-and-mortality-in-multiply-injured-children
#9
Waleed Al-Mahdi, Mazen M Ibrahim, David A Spiegel, Alexandre Arkader, Michael Nance, Keith Baldwin
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is a well-recognized phenomenon in adult trauma populations. The "initial hit" of the traumatic event is often coupled with a systemic immune response characterized by changes in vital signs and laboratory indicators. A "second hit" from surgery during this time frame often results in acute lung injury, along with deterioration of the patient's clinical condition. We hypothesized that children and adolescents would experience SIRS physiology, but would not experience adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) or "second hit" related death to the extent seen in the adult populations...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016325/increased-mortality-in-seasonal-h3n2-patients-compared-with-those-with-pandemic-2009-h1n1-in-taiwan-2009-2010
#10
Shi-Yu Huang, Wen-Chi Huang, Yi-Chun Chen, Ching-Yen Tsai, Ing-Kit Lee
We conducted a retrospective study to compare clinical and laboratory findings between 1) severe influenza A and mild influenza A and 2) pandemic 2009 H1N1 (pdm09 A/H1) and seasonal H3N2 (A/H3) from 2009 to 2010. A total of 526 (mean age, 13.6 years; 447 pdm09 A/H1, 79 seasonal A/H3) patients were included, 41 (7.8%) with severe influenza (mean age, 28.1 years; 26 pdm09 A/H1, 15 seasonal A/H3). Influenza-associated complications were pneumonia (75.6%), meningoencephalitis (14.6%), acute kidney injury (14.6%), and acute respiratory distress syndrome (12...
September 25, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016311/case-report-severe-imported-influenza-infections-developed-during-travel-in-reunion-island
#11
Jérôme Allyn, Elise Brottet, Emmanuel Antok, Laurence Dangers, Romain Persichini, Nathalie Coolen-Allou, Bénédicte Roquebert, Nicolas Allou, David Vandroux
We report two cases of severe influenza infection imported by tourist patients from their country of origin and developed during travel. While studies have reported cases of influenza infections acquired during travel, here we examine two cases of severe influenza infection contracted in the country of origin that led to diagnosis and therapeutic problems in the destination country. No international recommendation exists concerning influenza vaccination before travel, and few countries recommend it for all travelers...
October 2, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994202/beak-technique-use-of-modified-fuller-s-bivalve-tracheostomy-tube-for-emergency-dilation-of-tracheostomy-stenosis
#12
Rajshekhar Halkud, Sreelekha Ray, Ashok M Shenoy, Gururaj Arakeri, Peter A Brennan
Loss of an already established airway causing stridor is a common condition seen in busy oncology centres of India and other third world countries. Patients attend with acute respiratory distress, and are unable to reinsert the tracheostomy tube, sometimes days after having successfully mastered the technique. We have therefore developed a simple nonsurgical technique to widen simple tracheostomies to establish an emergency airway. In our opinion, since this is an easy non surgical procedure to perform and, can be performed rapidly without the need for any specialized types of equipment...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993097/prognostic-value-of-early-warning-scores-in-the-emergency-department-ed-and-acute-medical-unit-amu-a-narrative-review
#13
REVIEW
R S Nannan Panday, T C Minderhoud, N Alam, P W B Nanayakkara
BACKGROUND: A wide array of early warning scores (EWS) have been developed and are used in different settings to detect which patients are at risk of deterioration. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of studies conducted on the value of EWS on predicting intensive care (ICU) admission and mortality in the emergency department (ED) and acute medical unit (AMU). METHODS: A literature search was conducted in the bibliographic databases PubMed and EMBASE, from inception to April 2017...
October 6, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991832/adaptation-of-a-biomarker-based-sepsis-mortality-risk-stratification-tool-for-pediatric-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#14
Nadir Yehya, Hector R Wong
OBJECTIVES: The original Pediatric Sepsis Biomarker Risk Model and revised (Pediatric Sepsis Biomarker Risk Model-II) biomarker-based risk prediction models have demonstrated utility for estimating baseline 28-day mortality risk in pediatric sepsis. Given the paucity of prediction tools in pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome, and given the overlapping pathophysiology between sepsis and acute respiratory distress syndrome, we tested the utility of Pediatric Sepsis Biomarker Risk Model and Pediatric Sepsis Biomarker Risk Model-II for mortality prediction in a cohort of pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome, with an a priori plan to revise the model if these existing models performed poorly...
October 6, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991831/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-is-not-first-line-therapy-for-the-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#15
R Scott Stephens, Roy G Brower
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986731/successful-management-of-prolonged-venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-an-octogenarian
#16
Masami Takagaki, Hiroki Yamaguchi, Shinichi Mitsuyama, Tasuku Kadowaki, Takeshi Ando
Venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is now an established treatment for acute respiratory distress syndrome. However, this treatment remains rare in octogenarians and is associated with poor outcomes. An 81-year-old man with a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and heavy smoking underwent mitral and tricuspid valve repair and the Maze procedure for mitral and tricuspid regurgitation and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Although he was extubated the following day, his postoperative course was complicated with pneumonia followed by acute respiratory distress syndrome...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985479/mechanical-ventilation-in-adults-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-summary-of-the-experimental-evidence-for-the-clinical-practice-guideline
#17
Lorenzo Del Sorbo, Ewan Goligher, Daniel F McAuley, Gordon D Rubenfeld, Laurent J Brochard, Luciano Gattinoni, Arthur S Slutsky, Eddy Fan
RATIONALE: The ATS/ESICM/SCCM guidelines on mechanical ventilation in adult patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome provide treatment recommendations derived from a thorough analysis of the clinical evidence on six clinical interventions. However, each of the recommendations contains areas of uncertainty and controversy, which may affect their appropriate clinical application. OBJECTIVES: To provide a critical review of the experimental evidence surrounding the pathophysiology of ventilator-induced lung injury to help clinicians apply the clinical recommendations to individual patients...
October 6, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982733/atp-catabolism-by-tissue-non-specific-alkaline-phosphatase-contributes-to-development-of-ards-in-influenza-infected-mice
#18
Parker S Woods, Lauren May Doolittle, Judy M Hickman-Davis, Ian Christopher Davis
Influenza A viruses are highly contagious respiratory pathogens that are responsible for significant morbidity and mortality worldwide on an annual basis. We have shown previously that influenza infection of mice leads to increased ATP and adenosine accumulation in the airway lumen. Moreover, we demonstrated that A1-adenosine receptor activation contributes significantly to influenza-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). However, we found that development of ARDS in influenza-infected mice does not require catabolism of ATP to adenosine by ecto-5'-nucleotidase (CD73)...
October 5, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982177/adipose-derived-stem-cells-attenuate-pulmonary-microvascular-hyperpermeability-after-smoke-inhalation
#19
Koji Ihara, Satoshi Fukuda, Baigalmaa Enkhtaivan, Raul Trujillo, Dannelys Perez-Bello, Christina Nelson, Anita Randolph, Suzan Alharbi, Hira Hanif, David Herndon, Donald Prough, Perenlei Enkhbaatar
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary edema is a hallmark of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Smoke inhalation causes ARDS, thus significantly increasing the mortality of burn patients. Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) exert potent anti-inflammatory properties. The goal of the present study was to test the safety and ecfficacy of ASCs, in a well-characterized clinically relevant ovine model of ARDS. METHODS: Female sheep were surgically prepared. ARDS was induced by cooled cotton smoke inhalation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980363/old-age-and-underlying-interstitial-abnormalities-are-risk-factors-for-development-of-ards-after-pleurodesis-using-limited-amount-of-large-particle-size-talc
#20
Yuki Shinno, Hidenori Kage, Haruka Chino, Atsushi Inaba, Sayaka Arakawa, Satoshi Noguchi, Yosuke Amano, Yasuhiro Yamauchi, Goh Tanaka, Takahide Nagase
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Talc pleurodesis is commonly performed to manage refractory pleural effusion or pneumothorax. It is considered as a safe procedure as long as a limited amount of large particle size talc is used. However, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a rare but serious complication after talc pleurodesis. We sought to determine the risk factors for the development of ARDS after pleurodesis using a limited amount of large particle size talc. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent pleurodesis with talc or OK-432 at the University of Tokyo Hospital...
October 4, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
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