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Hypocholesterolemia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966361/hypocholesterolemia-and-nonregenerative-suspected-immune-mediated-anemia-report-of-3-canine-cases
#1
Rachel Robbins, Katrina R Viviano
This report describes hypocholesterolemia in 3 dogs with nonregenerative, suspected immune-mediated anemias. Common causes of hypocholesterolemia were ruled out, raising suspicion for a mechanistic link between anemia and hypocholesterolemia in dogs. As observed in humans with concurrent anemia and hypocholesterolemia, cholesterol concentrations increased to within the reference interval once the dogs' anemia resolved.
October 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954837/clinical-laboratory-and-molecular-findings-and-long-term-follow-up-data-in-96-french-patients-with-pmm2-cdg-phosphomannomutase-2-congenital-disorder-of-glycosylation-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Manuel Schiff, Céline Roda, Marie-Lorraine Monin, Alina Arion, Magali Barth, Nathalie Bednarek, Maud Bidet, Catherine Bloch, Nathalie Boddaert, Delphine Borgel, Anaïs Brassier, Alexis Brice, Arnaud Bruneel, Roger Buissonnière, Brigitte Chabrol, Marie-Chantal Chevalier, Valérie Cormier-Daire, Claire De Barace, Emmanuel De Maistre, Anne De Saint-Martin, Nathalie Dorison, Valérie Drouin-Garraud, Thierry Dupré, Bernard Echenne, Patrick Edery, François Feillet, Isabelle Fontan, Christine Francannet, François Labarthe, Cyril Gitiaux, Delphine Héron, Marie Hully, Sylvie Lamoureux, Dominique Martin-Coignard, Cyril Mignot, Gilles Morin, Tiffany Pascreau, Olivier Pincemaille, Michel Polak, Agathe Roubertie, Christel Thauvin-Robinet, Annick Toutain, Géraldine Viot, Sandrine Vuillaumier-Barrot, Nathalie Seta, Pascale De Lonlay
BACKGROUND: Phosphomannomutase 2-congenital disorder of glycosylation (PMM2-CDG) is a multisystem inborn error of metabolism. OBJECTIVES: To better characterise the natural history of PMM2-CDG. METHODS: Medical charts of 96 patients with PMM2-CDG (86 families, 41 males, 55 females) were retrospectively reviewed. Data on clinical, laboratory and molecular parameters at diagnosis were analysed. Follow-up data at last examination were reported for 25 patients...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945215/influence-of-polygenic-risk-scores-on-lipid-levels-and-dyslipidemia-in-a-psychiatric-population-receiving-weight-gain-inducing-psychotropic-drugs
#3
Aurélie Delacrétaz, Patricia Lagares Santos, Nuria Saigi Morgui, Frederik Vandenberghe, Anaïs Glatard, Mehdi Gholam-Rezaee, Armin von Gunten, Philippe Conus, Chin B Eap
OBJECTIVES: Dyslipidemia represents a major health issue in psychiatry. We determined whether weighted polygenic risk scores (wPRSs) combining multiple single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with lipid levels in the general population are associated with lipid levels [high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), total cholesterol (TC), and triglycerides] and/or dyslipidemia in patients receiving weight gain-inducing psychotropic drugs. We also determined whether genetics improve the predictive power of dyslipidemia...
September 21, 2017: Pharmacogenetics and Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938515/regulation-of-hepatic-hydroxy-methyl-glutarate-coa-reductase-for-controlling-hypercholesterolemia-in-rats
#4
Abeer A Khamis, Afrah F Salama, Marwa E Kenawy, Tarek M Mohamed
Hypercholesterolemia is a major risk factor upon developing cardiovascular diseases. This study is aiming to investigate the inhibition role of quercetin on hydroxy methyl glutarate - CoA reductase activity and its gene for attenuating hypercholesterolemia. The kinetic characteristics of HMG-CoA reductase activity were evaluated on extracellular rat liver microsomes. For studying the effect of quercetin by inducing hypercholesterolemia rats by Tyloxapol (i.v.). In addition, rats were treated with different doses of quercetin according to the inhibition constant of this inhibitor...
September 18, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922188/new-insights-into-the-role-of-glycosylation-in-lipoprotein-metabolism
#5
Marjolein A W van den Boogert, Daniel J Rader, Adriaan G Holleboom
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Human genetics has provided new insights into the role of protein glycosylation in regulating lipoprotein metabolism. Here we review these new developments and discuss the biological insights they provide. RECENT FINDINGS: Case descriptions of patients with congenital defects in N-glycosylation (CDG-I) frequently describe a distinct hypocholesterolemia in these rare multisystem clinical syndromes. Two novel CDGs with disturbed Golgi homeostasis and trafficking defects result in mixed glycosylation disorders, hepatic steatosis and hypercholesterolemia...
September 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883690/direct-acting-antiviral-agents-against-hepatitis-c-virus-and-lipid-metabolism
#6
EDITORIAL
Tatsuo Kanda, Mitsuhiko Moriyama
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection induces steatosis and is accompanied by multiple metabolic alterations including hyperuricemia, reversible hypocholesterolemia and insulin resistance. Total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol and triglyceride levels are increased by peginterferon and ribavirin combination therapy when a sustained virologic response (SVR) is achieved in patients with HCV. Steatosis is significantly more common in patients with HCV genotype 3 but interferon-free regimens are not always effective for treating HCV genotype 3 infections...
August 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762908/-blood-levels-of-proprotein-convertase-subtilisin-kexin-type-9-pcsk9-in-men-from-different-population-groups-and-its-relation-to-unfavorable-long-term-prognosis
#7
Yu I Ragino, K S Astrakova, E V Shakhtshneider, E M Stakhneva, V V Gafarov, S N Bogatyrev, M I Voevoda
AIM: of the study was to investigate blood levels of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) in men from different population subgroups, their associations with cardiovascular risk factors and with unfavorable 7-years long-term prognosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included three subgroups of men from a population sample of residents of Novosibirsk, 44-73 years old, not receiving lipid-lowering drugs: subgroup of population proper (183 men), subgroup with hypercholesterolemia (46 men), and subgroup with hypocholesterolemia (18 men)...
April 2017: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711549/a-case-of-hypocholesterolemia-and-steatosis-in-a-carrier-of-a-pcsk9-loss-of-function-mutation-and-polymorphisms-predisposing-to-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#8
Mathilde Di Filippo, Benoit Vokaer, Nabil G Seidah
We report a new case of hypobetalipoproteinemia in a 44-year-old man of Peruvian origin exhibiting a heterozygous PCSK9 missense mutation (c.946 G>T, p. Gly316Cys). In vitro functional studies demonstrated that this mutation leads to a loss of function of PCSK9 on low-density lipoprotein receptor degradation. This patient exhibited liver steatosis; he was neither diabetic, nor obese or alcoholic, but is a carrier of 2 polymorphisms, p.Ile148Met (rs738409) and p.Glu167Lys (rs58542926) on PNPLA3 and TM6SF2 gene, respectively, previously shown to be associated with nonalcoholic steatosis and fibrosis evolution...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697983/lipid-and-lipoprotein-reference-values-from-133-450-dutch-lifelines-participants-age-and-gender-specific-baseline-lipid-values-and-percentiles
#9
Jan W Balder, Jeroen K de Vries, Ilja M Nolte, Peter J Lansberg, Jan A Kuivenhoven, Pieter W Kamphuisen
BACKGROUND: Lipids and lipoproteins are recognized as the most important modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Although reference values for the major lipoproteins, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides, have been collected in numerous studies and cohorts, complete contemporary percentile-based reference values are underreported. OBJECTIVE: We set out to provide such reference lipid data using a large contemporary population-based cohort study...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679339/characteristics-of-a-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-induced-porcine-sepsis-model-for-multi-organ-metabolic-flux-measurements
#10
Gabriella A M Ten Have, Renske C I Deutz, Mariëlle P K J Engelen, Robert R Wolfe, Nicolaas E P Deutz
Survival of sepsis is related to loss of muscle mass. Therefore, it is imperative to further define and understand the basic alterations in nutrient metabolism in order to improve targeted sepsis nutritional therapies. We developed and evaluated a controlled hyperdynamic severe sepsis pig model that can be used for in vivo multi-organ metabolic studies in a conscious state. In this catheterized pig model, bacteremia was induced intravenously with 10(9) CFU/h Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) in 13 pigs for 18 h...
January 1, 2017: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506383/can-ipcsk9-induced-hypocholesterolemia-starve-cancer-cells
#11
EDITORIAL
Anne Gangloff, Frédéric Calon, Nabil G Seidah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375125/hypoglycemic-and-hypocholesterolemic-activity-of-leave-of-few-medicinal-plants-against-steptozotocin-induced-hyperglycemia
#12
Asma Ahmed Asma Ahmed, Muhammad Gulfraz, Muhammad Javaid Asad, Rehmatullah Qureshi, Shabnam Bibi, Syed Imam Shah
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is universal of the hormonal problem and Type II diabetes is foremost obstacle. Accessible management in medicine has numerous contrary paraphernalia. Medical flora shows an essential part in managing diabetes specifically in unindustrialized nations. The present study was done on leaves of Rhazya stricta Decane, Adhatoda zeylanica, Berberis lycium Royle and Olea furrrignea, whose methanolic extracts were used to check their hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic activity by using glucometer and kit method respectively in blood of male and female albino mice Balb C...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334053/new-insights-of-altered-lipid-profile-in-fragile-x-syndrome
#13
Artuela Çaku, Nabil G Seidah, Audrey Lortie, Nancy Gagné, Patrice Perron, Jean Dubé, Francois Corbin
BACKGROUND: Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) is the main genetic cause of autism and intellectual deficiency resulting the absence of the Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein (FMRP). Clinical picture is characterized by cognitive impairment associated with a broad spectrum of psychiatric comorbidities including autism spectrum disorders and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders. Some of these disorders have been associated with lipid abnormalities and lower cholesterol levels. Since lipids are important for neuronal development, we aim to investigate the lipid profile of French Canadian-FXS individuals and to identify the altered components of cholesterol metabolism as well as their association with clinical profile...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242047/simvastatin-treatment-aggravates-the-glucocorticoid-insufficiency-associated-with-hypocholesterolemia-in-mice
#14
Amber B Ouweneel, Ronald J van der Sluis, Joya E Nahon, Miranda Van Eck, Menno Hoekstra
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Statin treatment disrupts HMG-CoA reductase-mediated endogenous cholesterol synthesis and lowers plasma LDL-cholesterol levels. Although statin treatment can theoretically impair adrenal steroid hormone synthesis, thus far, no effect on glucocorticoid output has been described, as LDL-cholesterol levels usually remain within the physiological range. However, novel statin-based treatment regimens that dramatically decrease LDL-cholesterol levels are currently employed...
February 20, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240002/cholesterol-homeostasis-in-isolated-lymphocytes-a-differential-correlation-between-male-control-and-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-subjects
#15
Shrimanjunath Sankanagoudar, Govind Singh, Manaranjan Mahapatra, Lalit Kumar, Nimai Chand Chandra
Background: This study was performed to investigate any association between cellular cholesterol homeostasis and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). CLL is characterized primarily by an abnormal accumulation of neoplastic B cells in the blood, bone marrow, lymph nodes and spleen. Methods: Men aged >50 years participated in this study. Enzyme-based plasma lipid profile estimations, peripheral blood lymphocyte isolation, lysate preparations, SDS-PAGE, western blotting, dil-LDL uptake and ultracentrifugation were employed...
January 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178408/epidemiology-risk-factors-and-clinical-features-of-intracerebral-hemorrhage-an-update
#16
REVIEW
Sang Joon An, Tae Jung Kim, Byung-Woo Yoon
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is the second most common subtype of stroke and a critical disease usually leading to severe disability or death. ICH is more common in Asians, advanced age, male sex, and low- and middle-income countries. The case fatality rate of ICH is high (40% at 1 month and 54% at 1 year), and only 12% to 39% of survivors can achieve long-term functional independence. Risk factors of ICH are hypertension, current smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, hypocholesterolemia, and drugs. Old age, male sex, Asian ethnicity, chronic kidney disease, cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA), and cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) increase the risk of ICH...
January 2017: Journal of Stroke
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040238/hypocholesterolemia-in-patients-with-active-tuberculosis-not-just-a-matter-of-weight
#17
Jesús Sojo-Dorado, Nínive Batista-Díaz, Ángel Domínguez-Castellano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876360/the-role-of-high-density-lipoprotein-in-type-1-gaucher-disease
#18
Salmas Watad, Niroz Abu-Saleh, Awni Yousif, Abed Agbaria, Hanna Rosenbaum
Type I Gaucher Disease (GD1) is known to be associated with hypocholesterolemia and reduced levels of low density lipoprotein (LDL) and high density lipoprotein (HDL). In this study we aimed to correlate disease severity with HDL levels and to evaluate the effect of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) on HDL levels as well as estimating the frequency of cardiovascular events in GD. Two groups of GD1 patients were evaluated: 30 untreated and 36 patients on ERT. Disease severity, biomarkers of GD and lipid levels were evaluated in the two groups...
November 12, 2016: Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812518/associations-of-obesity-and-dyslipidemia-with-intake-of-sodium-fat-and-sugar-among-koreans-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#19
Yoon Jung Kang, Hye Won Wang, Se Young Cheon, Hwa Jung Lee, Kyung Mi Hwang, Hae Seong Yoon
A qualitative systematic review was performed to identify associations of obesity and dyslipidemia with intake of sodium, fat, and sugar among Koreans. We reviewed 6 Korean research databases (KMbase, KoreaMed, NDSL, DBpia, RISS, KISS) with the keywords "sodium intake," "fat intake," and "sugar intake." Total of 11 studies were investigated in this present study. Of these articles, 7 studies were related to sodium intake, 2 studies had a relation to fat intake, and 2 studies were associated with sugar intake...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614835/identification-of-a-haplotype-associated-with-cholesterol-deficiency-and-increased-juvenile-mortality-in-holstein-cattle
#20
S Kipp, D Segelke, S Schierenbeck, F Reinhardt, R Reents, C Wurmser, H Pausch, R Fries, G Thaller, J Tetens, J Pott, D Haas, B B Raddatz, M Hewicker-Trautwein, I Proios, M Schmicke, W Grünberg
Over the last decades, several genetic disorders have been discovered in cattle. However, the genetic background of disorders in calves is less reported. Recently, German cattle farmers reported on calves from specific matings with chronic diarrhea and retarded growth of unknown etiology. Affected calves did not respond to any medical treatment and died within the first months of life. These calves were underdeveloped in weight and showed progressive and severe emaciation despite of normal feed intake. Hallmark findings of the blood biochemical analysis were pronounced hypocholesterolemia and deficiency of fat-soluble vitamins...
November 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
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