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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535187/serum-levels-of-1-5-anhydroglucitol-and-risk-of-incident-end-stage-renal-disease
#1
Casey M Rebholz, Morgan E Grams, Yuan Chen, Alden L Gross, Yingying Sang, Josef Coresh, Elizabeth Selvin
Glycemic excursions, independent of average glucose, have been implicated in the development of diabetic implications. It is unknown if low 1,5-anyhydroglucitol (1,5-AG) are associated with advanced stages of kidney disease independent of kidney function and glycemia. In the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (N = 13,277), we used structural equation modeling to estimate the association between serum 1,5-AG levels and end-stage renal disease from baseline (1990-1992) through 2013 with adjustment for demographics, risk factors, a latent variable for glycemia (diabetes status, fasting glucose, hemoglobin A1c, fructosamine, glycated albumin), and a latent variable for kidney function (creatinine, cystatin C, β2-microglobulin)...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534243/elevated-prevalence-of-suicide-attempts-among-victims-of-police-violence-in-the-usa
#2
Jordan E DeVylder, Jodi J Frey, Courtney D Cogburn, Holly C Wilcox, Tanya L Sharpe, Hans Y Oh, Boyoung Nam, Bruce G Link
Recent evidence suggests that police victimization is widespread in the USA and psychologically impactful. We hypothesized that civilian-reported police victimization, particularly assaultive victimization (i.e., physical/sexual), would be associated with a greater prevalence of suicide attempts and suicidal ideation. Data were drawn from the Survey of Police-Public Encounters, a population-based survey of adults (N = 1615) residing in four US cities. Surveys assessed lifetime exposure to police victimization based on the World Health Organization domains of violence (i...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534208/a-new-eimerian-apicomplexa-eimeriidae-from-southern-short-tailed-shrews-blarina-carolinensis-bachman-soricimorpha-soricidae-soricinae-from-southeastern-oklahoma-usa
#3
Chris T McAllister, R Scott Seville
A new species of Eimeria Schneider, 1875 (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) is described from faecal samples of two of three southern short-tailed shrews, Blarina carolinensis (Bachman) (Soricidae) from southeastern Oklahoma, USA. Oöcysts of Eimeria tkachi n. sp. are subspheroidal to ovoidal with a rough-pitted, tan colored, bi-layered wall, measure 16.5 × 15.2 µm, and have a length/width (L/W) ratio of 1.1; both micropyle and oöcyst residuum are absent, but polar granule(s) are present. Sporocysts are ovoidal, 9...
May 22, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534112/decolorization-of-textile-dye-rb19-using-volcanic-rock-matrix-immobilized-bacillus-thuringiensis-cells-with-surface-displayed-laccase
#4
Juan Wan, Xiaowen Sun, Cheng Liu, Mengjun Tang, Lin Li, Hong Ni
A triplicate volcanic rock matrix-Bacillus thuringiensis-laccase WlacD (VRMs-Bt-WlacD) dye decolorization system was developed. WlacD was displayed on the B. thuringiensis MB174 cell surface to prepare a whole-cell laccase biocatalyst by using two repeat N-terminal domains of autolysin Mbg (Mbgn)2 as the anchoring motif. Immunofluorescence microscopic assays confirmed that the fusion protein (Mbgn)2-WlacD was anchored on the surface of the recombinant B. thuringiensis MB174. After optimization by a single factor test, L 9(3(4))-orthogonal test, Plackett-Burman test, steepest ascent method, and Box-Behnken response surface methodology, the whole-cell specific laccase activity of B...
June 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534090/tooth-loss-and-liver-cancer-incidence-in-a-finnish-cohort
#5
Baiyu Yang, Jessica L Petrick, Christian C Abnet, Barry I Graubard, Gwen Murphy, Stephanie J Weinstein, Satu Männistö, Demetrius Albanes, Katherine A McGlynn
PURPOSE: Periodontal disease, a major cause of tooth loss in adults, may have systemic effects and has been associated with higher risk of several cancer types. However, the associations of periodontal disease or tooth loss with liver cancer have only been examined prospectively in two studies, neither of which had sufficient statistical power. In addition, no studies assessed the potential confounding by viral hepatitis or Helicobacter pylori infection status. METHODS: In this study, we examined the association between tooth loss and primary liver cancer incidence in a prospective cohort of Finnish male smokers (n = 29,096)...
May 22, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533579/relationship-between-body-mass-index-waist-to-hip-ratio-and-serum-lipid-concentrations-and-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-in-the-euthyroid-adult-population
#6
Ali Reza Rahbar, Mohamadreza Kalantarhormozi, Fatemeh Izadi, Elham Arkia, Marzie Rashidi, Fatemeh Pourbehi, Farzaneh Daneshifard, Amin Rahbar
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio, and lipid parameters and serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels in healthy euthyroid individuals. This cross-sectional study was conducted between June 1(st) and July 20(th), 2013, at Bushehr University of Medical Sciences. One hundred forty euthyroid individuals were divided into 2 groups: a high-TSH group (TSH between 2.0 and 5.5 mIU/L, n=67) and a low-TSH group (TSH between 0...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533007/free-25-oh-d-concentrations-are-associated-with-atopy-and-lung-function-in-children-with-asthma
#7
Suzanne L Pollard, John J Lima, Edward Mougey, Karina Romero, Carla Tarazona-Meza, Katherine Tomaino, Gary Malpartida Guzmán, Nadia N Hansel, William Checkley
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests free mono-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentrations are more strongly linked to certain outcomes than total concentrations; however, no studies have examined the relation between free 25(OH)D and respiratory or allergic disease. OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between total and free 25(OH)D concentrations and asthma outcomes. METHODS: We quantified total and free 25(OH)D concentrations in 137 Peruvian children with asthma and 152 children without asthma and examined associations with asthma outcomes...
May 19, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532782/risk-factors-for-recurrent-cardiovascular-events-before-age-65-years-or-within-2-5%C3%A2-years-of-a-recent-first-cardiovascular-event
#8
M Johanneke van den Berg, Jan Westerink, Yolanda van der Graaf, L Jaap Kappelle, Gert J de Borst, Maarten-Jan M Cramer, Frank L J Visseren
The aim of this study was to quantify the relation between classical risk factors (smoking, diabetes, BMI, waist circumference, blood pressure, and lipids), risk factor targets, and risk of recurrent major atherosclerotic cardiovascular events (MACE). This was first done for recurrent MACE ≤65 years in patients aged <60 years and second for recurrent MACE ≤2.5 years after a first cardiovascular event. Data were used from the Second Manifestations of Arterial Disease study (n = 5,115), a prospective cohort of patients with a recent (≤1 year) first cardiovascular event...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532698/validation-of-the-mayo-clinic-staging-system-in-determining-prognoses-of-patients-with-perihilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#9
Robert J S Coelen, Marcia P Gaspersz, Tim A Labeur, Jeroen L A van Vugt, Susan van Dieren, François E J A Willemssen, Chung Y Nio, Jan N M IJzermans, Heinz-Josef Klümpen, Bas Groot Koerkamp, Thomas M van Gulik
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Most systems for staging perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHC) have been developed for the minority of patients with resectable disease. The recently developed Mayo Clinic system for staging PHC requires only clinical and radiological variables, but has not yet been validated. We performed a retrospective study to validate the Mayo Clinic staging system. METHODS: We identified consecutive patients with suspected PHC evaluated and treated at 2 tertiary centers in The Netherlands, from January 2002 through December 2014...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531854/achieve-efficient-nitrogen-removal-from-real-sewage-in-a-plug-flow-integrated-fixed-film-activated-sludge-ifas-reactor-via-partial-nitritation-anammox-pathway
#10
Yandong Yang, Liang Zhang, Jun Cheng, Shujun Zhang, Baikun Li, Yongzhen Peng
This study tested the feasibility of plug-flow integrated fixed-film activated sludge (IFAS) reactor in applying sewage partial nitritation/anammox (PN/A) process. The IFAS reactor was fed with real pre-treated sewage (C/N ratio=1.3) and operated for 200days. High nitrogen removal efficiency of 82% was achieved with nitrogen removal rates of 0.097±0.019kgN/(m(3)·d). Therefore, plug-flow IFAS reactor could be an alternative to applying sewage PN/A process. Besides, it was found that the stability of sewage PN/A process was significantly affected by residual ammonium...
May 10, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531785/the-relationship-between-malnutrition-risk-and-clinical-outcomes-in-a-cohort-of-frail-older-hospital-patients
#11
Adrian Slee, Deborah Birch, David Stokoe
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition has an adverse effect on clinical outcomes and frail older people may be at greater risk of malnutrition. The purpose and aims of this study was to investigate the relationship between markers of malnutrition risk and clinical outcomes in a cohort of frail older hospital patients. METHODS: 78 frail older hospital patients had the following measurements recorded; length of stay (LOS), time to medical fitness for discharge (TMFFD), body mass index (BMI), malnutrition universal screening tool (MUST) and mini-nutritional assessment short-form (MNA-SF) scores, blood urea, C-reactive protein (CRP), albumin, CRP-albumin ratio; and bioelectrical impedance assessment (BIA) measurements (n = 66)...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531241/effect-of-statin-treatment-vs-usual-care-on-primary-cardiovascular-prevention-among-older-adults-the-allhat-llt-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Benjamin H Han, David Sutin, Jeff D Williamson, Barry R Davis, Linda B Piller, Hannah Pervin, Sara L Pressel, Caroline S Blaum
Importance: While statin therapy for primary cardiovascular prevention has been associated with reductions in cardiovascular morbidity, the effect on all-cause mortality has been variable. There is little evidence to guide the use of statins for primary prevention in adults 75 years and older. Objectives: To examine statin treatment among adults aged 65 to 74 years and 75 years and older when used for primary prevention in the Lipid-Lowering Trial (LLT) component of the Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT-LLT)...
May 22, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529783/crystal-structure-of-s-sec-butyl-ammonium-l-tartrate-monohydrate
#13
Ernlie A Publicover, Jennifer Kolwich, Darcie L Stack, Alyssa J Doué, Kai E O Ylijoki
The title hydrated mol-ecular salt, C4H12N(+)·C4H5O6(-)·H2O, was prepared by deprotonation of enanti-opure l-tartaric acid with racemic sec-butyl-amine in water. Only one enanti-omer was observed crystallographically, resulting from the combination of (S)-sec-butyl-amine with l-tartaric acid. The sec-butyl-ammonium moiety is disordered over two conformations related by rotation around the CH-CH2 bond; the refined occupancy ratio is 0.68 (1):0.32 (1). In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked through a network of O-H⋯O and N-H⋯O hydrogen-bonding inter-actions, between the ammonium H atoms, the tartrate hy-droxy H atoms, and the inter-stitial water, forming a three-dimensional supra-molecular structure...
May 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529447/self-cleaning-thermoresponsive-p-nipaam-co-amps-double-network-membranes-for-implanted-glucose-biosensors
#14
Ruochong Fei, A Kristen Means, Alexander A Abraham, Andrea K Locke, Gerard L Coté, Melissa A Grunlan
A self-cleaning membrane that periodically rids itself of attached cells to maintain glucose diffusion could extend the lifetime of implanted glucose biosensors. Herein, we evaluate the functionality of thermoresponsive double network (DN) hydrogel membranes based on poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm) and an electrostatic co-monomer, 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic acid (AMPS). DN hydrogels are comprised of a tightly crosslinked, ionized first network [P(NIPAAm-co-AMPS)] containing variable levels of AMPS (100:0-25:75 wt% ratio of NIPAAm:AMPS) and a loosely crosslinked, interpenetrating second network [PNIPAAm]...
August 2016: Macromolecular Materials and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528811/ability-of-a-genomic-classifier-to-predict-metastasis-and-prostate-cancer-specific-mortality-after-radiation-or-surgery-based-on-needle-biopsy-specimens
#15
Paul L Nguyen, Zaid Haddad, Ashley E Ross, Neil E Martin, Samineh Deheshi, Lucia L C Lam, Jijumon Chelliserry, Jeffrey J Tosoian, Tamara L Lotan, Daniel E Spratt, Radka S Stoyanova, Sanoj Punnen, Kaye Ong, Christine Buerki, Maria Aranes, Tyler Kolisnik, Jennifer Margrave, Kasra Yousefi, Voleak Choeurng, Elai Davicioni, Bruce J Trock, Christopher J Kane, Alan Pollack, John W Davis, Felix Y Feng, Eric A Klein
BACKGROUND: Decipher is a validated genomic classifier developed to determine the biological potential for metastasis after radical prostatectomy (RP). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of biopsy Decipher to predict metastasis and Prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM) in primarily intermediate- to high-risk patients treated with RP or radiation therapy (RT). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred and thirty-five patients treated with either RP (n=105) or RT±androgen deprivation therapy (n=130) with available genomic expression profiles generated from diagnostic biopsy specimens from seven tertiary referral centers...
May 18, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528727/sexual-inactivity-in-partnered-female-cancer-survivors
#16
Jennifer L Marino, Christobel M Saunders, Martha Hickey
OBJECTIVE: To measure sexual activity in a clinic population of partnered female cancer survivors, and to better understand reasons for sexual inactivity in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Partnered peri- or post-menopausal cancer survivors seen at a specialty clinic for menopause symptoms after cancer completed Fallowfield's Sexual Activity Questionnaire, quality of life measures (the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy General, Breast Cancer, and Endocrine Symptom Scales), and the Greene Climacteric Scale...
May 9, 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528487/role-of-medicines-of-unknown-identity-in-adverse-drug-reaction-related-hospitalizations-in-developing-countries-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-teaching-hospital-in-the-lao-people-s-democratic-republic
#17
Céline Caillet, Chanvilay Sichanh, Gaëtan Assemat, Myriam Malet-Martino, Agnès Sommet, Haleh Bagheri, Noudy Sengxeu, Niphonh Mongkhonmath, Mayfong Mayxay, Lamphone Syhakhang, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre, Paul N Newton, Anne Roussin
INTRODUCTION: The health dangers of medicines of unknown identity (MUIs) [loose pharmaceutical units repackaged in individual bags without labelling of their identity] have been suspected in L/MICs. Using visual and analytical tools to identify MUIs, we investigated the frequency of, and factors associated with, adverse drug reaction (ADR)-related hospitalizations in a central hospital in Vientiane Capital, Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR). METHODS: All unplanned admissions, except for acute trauma and intentional overdose, were prospectively recorded during a 7-week period in 2013, leading to include 453 adults hospitalized for ≥24 h...
May 20, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528291/the-association-of-lifetime-physical-inactivity-with-bladder-and-renal-cancer-risk-a-hospital-based-case-control-analysis
#18
Rikki Cannioto, John Lewis Etter, Lauren Beryl Guterman, Janine M Joseph, Nicholas R Gulati, Kristina L Schmitt, Michael J LaMonte, Ryan Nagy, Albina Minlikeeva, James Brian Szender, Kirsten B Moysich
OBJECTIVES: Recreational physical inactivity has been gaining recognition as an independent epidemiological exposure of interest in relation to cancer endpoints due to evidence suggesting that it may associate with cancer independent of obesity. In the current analyses, we examined the associations of lifetime recreational physical inactivity with renal and bladder cancer risk. METHODS: In this hospital-based case-control study, we identified N=160 renal cancer patients, N=208 bladder cancer patients, and N=766 age frequency-matched controls without cancer...
May 18, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527796/genetic-parameters-of-mid-infrared-methane-predictions-and-their-relationships-with-milk-production-traits-in-holstein-cattle
#19
P B Kandel, M-L Vanrobays, A Vanlierde, F Dehareng, E Froidmont, N Gengler, H Soyeurt
Many countries have pledged to reduce greenhouse gases. In this context, the dairy sector is one of the identified sectors to adapt production circumstances to address socio-environmental constraints due to its large carbon footprint related to CH4 emission. This study aimed mainly to estimate (1) the genetic parameters of 2 milk mid-infrared-based CH4 proxies [predicted daily CH4 emission (PME, g/d), and log-transformed predicted CH4 intensity (LMI)] and (2) their genetic correlations with milk production traits [milk (MY), fat (FY), and protein (PY) yields] from first- and second-parity Holstein cows...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527013/central-activation-metabolites-and-calcium-handling-during-fatigue-with-repeated-maximal-isometric-contractions-in-human-muscle
#20
Simeon P Cairns, Luke A G Inman, Caroline P MacManus, Ingrid G L van de Port, Patricia A Ruell, Jeanette M Thom, Martin W Thompson
PURPOSE: To determine the roles of calcium (Ca(2+)) handling by sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) and central activation impairment (i.e., central fatigue) during fatigue with repeated maximal voluntary isometric contractions (MVC) in human muscles. METHODS: Contractile performance was assessed during 3 min of repeated MVCs (7-s contraction, 3-s rest, n = 17). In ten participants, in vitro SR Ca(2+)-handling, metabolites, and fibre-type composition were quantified in biopsy samples from quadriceps muscle, along with plasma venous [K(+)]...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
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