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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405181/depression-anxiety-and-panic-disorders-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients-correlations-with-tobacco-use-disease-severity-and-quality-of-life
#1
Oana Irinel Pascal, Antigona Carmen Trofor, Lucia Maria Lotrean, Dumitru Filipeanu, Letitia Trofor
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to assess anxiety, depression and panic disorders among patients diagnosed with COPD and to investigate their correlation with disease severity, quality of life as well as tobacco use. METHODS: An observational study was performed between January and September 2014 among 60 patients diagnosed with COPD. COPD staging according to GOLD criteria, while anxiety and depression were assessed using Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and panic attacks were evaluated based on ICD 10 criteria...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400711/cannabinoid-hyperemesis-and-the-cyclic-vomiting-syndrome-in-adults-recognition-diagnosis-acute-and-long-term-treatment
#2
REVIEW
Christian G Blumentrath, Boris Dohrmann, Nils Ewald
The cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) and the cyclic vomiting syndrome in adults (CVS) are both characterized by recurrent episodes of heavy nausea, vomiting and frequently abdominal pain. Both syndromes are barely known among physicians. Literature is inconsistent concerning clinical features which enable differentiation between CVS and CHS. We performed a literature review using the LIVIVO search portal for life sciences to develop a pragmatic approach towards these two syndromes. Our findings indicate that complete and persistent resolution of all symptoms of the disease following cannabis cessation is the only reliable criterion applicable to distinguish CHS from CVS...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397510/a-profile-of-perceived-stress-factors-among-nursing-staff-working-with-intellectually-disabled-in-patients-at-the-free-state-psychiatric-complex-south-africa
#3
Maria Conradie, Danelle Erwee, Isabel Serfontein, Maré Visser, Frikkie J W Calitz, Gina Joubert
INTRODUCTION: Nursing staff working with intellectually disabled in-patients experience unique stress factors that can influence their personal well-being and work performance. OBJECTIVES: To compile a profile of stress factors experienced by nursing staff working with intellectually disabled in-patients at the Free State Psychiatric Complex (FSPC). METHODS: This descriptive study included 89 nursing staff members from this environment. A questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic information and determine personal and occupational stressors...
March 16, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371670/panic-symptoms-in-transient-loss-of-consciousness-frequency-and-diagnostic-value-in-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-epilepsy-and-syncope
#4
G H Rawlings, J Jamnadas-Khoda, M Broadhurst, R A Grünewald, S J Howell, M Koepp, S W Parry, S M Sisodiya, M C Walker, M Reuber
PURPOSE: Previous studies suggest that ictal panic symptoms are common in patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES). This study investigates the frequency of panic symptoms in PNES and if panic symptoms, just before or during episodes, can help distinguish PNES from the other common causes of transient loss of consciousness (TLOC), syncope and epilepsy. METHODS: Patients with secure diagnoses of PNES (n=98), epilepsy (n=95) and syncope (n=100) were identified using clinical databases from three United Kingdom hospitals...
March 27, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369890/impact-of-childhood-trauma-on-course-of-panic-disorder-contribution-of-clinical-and-personality-characteristics
#5
Maud De Venter, Filip Van Den Eede, Thomas Pattyn, Kristien Wouters, Dick J Veltman, Brenda W J H Penninx, Bernard G Sabbe
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of childhood trauma on the clinical course of panic disorder and possible contributing factors. METHOD: Longitudinal data of 539 participants with a current panic disorder were collected from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA). Childhood trauma was assessed with a structured interview and clinical course after 2 years with a DSM-IV-based diagnostic interview and the Life Chart Interview. RESULTS: At baseline, 54...
March 28, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360327/breathing-control-center-neurons-that-promote-arousal-in-mice
#6
Kevin Yackle, Lindsay A Schwarz, Kaiwen Kam, Jordan M Sorokin, John R Huguenard, Jack L Feldman, Liqun Luo, Mark A Krasnow
Slow, controlled breathing has been used for centuries to promote mental calming, and it is used clinically to suppress excessive arousal such as panic attacks. However, the physiological and neural basis of the relationship between breathing and higher-order brain activity is unknown. We found a neuronal subpopulation in the mouse preBötzinger complex (preBötC), the primary breathing rhythm generator, which regulates the balance between calm and arousal behaviors. Conditional, bilateral genetic ablation of the ~175 Cdh9/Dbx1 double-positive preBötC neurons in adult mice left breathing intact but increased calm behaviors and decreased time in aroused states...
March 31, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357830/preparation-and-medical-follow-up-for-a-single-handed-transatlantic-rowing-race
#7
Mathieu Carron, Mathieu Coulange, Christophe Dupuy, Pierre Mastalski, Bruno Barberon, Alexis Roullaud, Agnalys Desplantes, Jean-Pierre Auffray
BACKGROUND: A single-handed transatlantic rowing race was organised between Senegal and French Guyana (2600 nautical miles). During the race, rowers adjust their lifestyle to maintain an optimal level of performance. Nutrition, circadian rhythm disturbance, psychological state, pain and other medical problems impact on physical abilities and increase the occurrence of accidents. We surveyed the prevalence of medical complications during this race and the preparation that we could suggest for this kind of activity...
2017: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347824/participation-of-dorsal-periaqueductal-gray-5-ht1a-receptors-in-the-panicolytic-like-effect-of-the-%C3%AE%C2%BA-opioid-receptor-antagonist-nor-bni
#8
Jhonatan Christian Maraschin, Camila Biesdorf Almeida, Marcel Pereira Rangel, Camila Marroni Roncon, Caio César Sestile, Hélio Zangrossi, Frederico Guilherme Graeff, Elisabeth Aparecida Audi
Panic patients may have abnormalities in serotonergic and opioidergic neurotransmission. The dorsal periaqueductal gray (dPAG) plays an important role in organizing proximal defense, related to panic attacks. The 5-HT1A receptor (5-HT1A-R) is involved in regulating escape behavior that is organized in the dPAG. Activation of κ-opioid receptor (KOR) in this region causes anxiogenic effects. In this study, we investigated the involvement of KOR in regulating escape behavior, using systemic and intra-dPAG injection of the KOR antagonist Nor-BNI...
March 24, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345374/psychoticism-in-patients-with-panic-disorder-with-or-without-comorbid-agoraphobia
#9
Vasilios G Masdrakis, Emilia-Maria Legaki, Charalambos Papageorgiou, Manolis Markianos
OBJECTIVE: A few case-reports have previously described transient psychotic-like symptoms in non-psychotic patients with panic disorder (PD). We aimed to systematically explore whether PD patients without any current or past psychosis can be differentiated according to the severity of 'psychoticism' as a dimension, comprising clinical features such as psychotic-like experiences, increased social alienation, hostility and suspiciousness. METHODS: Sample included 35 (female = 26) medication-free, non-psychotic patients consecutively referred from our Department's Outpatient Clinic for acute symptoms of DSM-5 PD with (PDA; N = 29) or without concurrent agoraphobia...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289555/gender-differences-in-post-traumatic-stress
#10
Maria Grazia Modena, Daniele Pettorelli, Giulia Lauria, Elisa Giubertoni, Erminio Mauro, Valentina Martinotti
Acute stress can trigger cardiovascular events and disease. The earthquake is an "ideal" natural experiment for acute and chronic stress, with impact mainly on the cardiovascular system. On May 20th and 29th, 2012, two earthquakes of magnitude 5.9° to 6.4° on the Richter scale, hit the province of Modena and Reggio Emilia, an area of the north-center of Italy never considered at seismic risk. The purpose of our study was to assess whether there were gender-specific differences in stress-induced incidence of cardiovascular events and age of patients who arrived at the Emergency Departments (ED) of the three main teaching hospitals of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia...
2017: BioResearch Open Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231495/drug-induced-panic-attacks-analysis-of-cases-registered-in-the-french-pharmacovigilance-database
#11
Delphine Abadie, Anaïs Essilini, Virginie Fulda, Aurore Gouraud, Mélissa Yéléhé-Okouma, Joëlle Micallef, François Montastruc, Jean Louis Montastruc
BACKGROUND: The potential role of drugs in the onset of panic attacks (PAs) is poorly understood. AIM: The objective of our study was to characterize drug-induced PAs. METHOD: We performed an analysis of PAs registered in the French pharmacovigilance database between 01/01/1985 and 05/11/2014. RESULTS: Among the 163 recorded cases, 136 (83.4%) were directly related to drugs, mainly antidepressants (11.3%, mainly serotonin reuptake inhibitors), mefloquine (7...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223243/on-the-verge-of-a-respiratory-type-panic-attack-selective-activations-of-rostrolateral-and-caudoventrolateral-periaqueductal-gray-matter-following-short-lasting-escape-to-a-low-dose-of-potassium-cyanide
#12
Cláudia Janaina Torres Müller, Jeyce Willig Quintino-Dos-Santos, Fagna Giacomin Schimitel, Sérgio Tufik, Vanessa Beijamini, Newton Sabino Canteras, Luiz Carlos Schenberg
Intravenous injections of potassium cyanide (KCN) both elicit escape by its own and facilitate escape to electrical stimulation of the periaqueductal gray matter (PAG). Moreover, whereas the KCN-evoked escape is potentiated by CO2, it is suppressed by both lesions of PAG and clinically effective treatments with panicolytics. These and other data suggest that the PAG harbors a hypoxia-sensitive alarm system the activation of which could both precipitate panic and render the subject hypersensitive to CO2. Although prior c-Fos immunohistochemistry studies reported widespread activations of PAG following KCN injections, the employment of repeated injections of high doses of KCN (>60µg) in anesthetized rats compromised both the localization of KCN-responsive areas and their correlation with escape behavior...
February 20, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177062/critical-neuropsychobiological-analysis-of-panic-attack-and-anticipatory-anxiety-like-behaviors-in-rodents-confronted-with-snakes-in-polygonal-arenas-and-complex-labyrinths-a-comparison-to-the-elevated-plus-and-t-maze-behavioral-tests
#13
Norberto C Coimbra, Tatiana Paschoalin-Maurin, Gabriel S Bassi, Alexandre Kanashiro, Audrey F Biagioni, Tatiana T Felippotti, Daoud H Elias-Filho, Joyce Mendes-Gomes, Jade P Cysne-Coimbra, Rafael C Almada, Bruno Lobão-Soares
Objective: To compare prey and snake paradigms performed in complex environments to the elevated plus-maze (EPM) and T-maze (ETM) tests for the study of panic attack- and anticipatory anxiety-like behaviors in rodents. Methods: PubMed was reviewed in search of articles focusing on the plus maze test, EPM, and ETM, as well as on defensive behaviors displayed by threatened rodents. In addition, the authors' research with polygonal arenas and complex labyrinth (designed by the first author for confrontation between snakes and small rodents) was examined...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163046/temporal-stability-of-multiple-response-systems-to-7-5-carbon-dioxide-challenge
#14
Roxann Roberson-Nay, Eugenia I Gorlin, Jessica R Beadel, Therese Cash, Scott Vrana, Bethany A Teachman
Self-reported anxiety, and potentially physiological response, to maintained inhalation of carbon dioxide (CO2) enriched air shows promise as a putative marker of panic reactivity and vulnerability. Temporal stability of response systems during low-dose, steady-state CO2 breathing challenge is lacking. Outcomes on multiple levels were measured two times, one week apart, in 93 individuals. Stability was highest during the CO2 breathing phase compared to pre-CO2 and recovery phases, with anxiety ratings, respiratory rate, skin conductance level, and heart rate demonstrating good to excellent temporal stability (ICCs≥0...
March 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157566/-i-don-t-know-how-i-m-still-standing-a-bakhtinian-analysis-of-social-housing-and-health-narratives-in-east-london
#15
C Thompson, D J Lewis, T Greenhalgh, N R Smith, A E Fahy, S Cummins
Housing is a significant determinant of health and substandard housing is a public health issue. East London has long had a shortage of social and affordable housing, worsened in recent years by a combination of stressors. In one of East London's most deprived boroughs, Newham, changes brought about by the 2011 Localism Act and the unique demands of being the host Olympic borough in 2012 have brought considerable pressures to bear on social infrastructure. This paper examines how these pressures were experienced by local residents via their narratives of social housing and health...
March 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141723/anxiety-associated-with-asthma-exacerbations-and-overuse-of-medication-the-role-of-cultural-competency
#16
Yousuke T Horikawa, Tina Y Udaka, Janet K Crow, John I Takayama, Martin T Stein
Toshi, a 14-year-old Japanese boy, had uncontrolled asthma after relocating from Japan with his family 1 year ago. In Japan, he was diagnosed with moderate, persistent asthma, which was controlled with salmeterol and albuterol on an as needed basis. Since moving to the United States, Toshi complained of frequent dyspnea.Initially, he was seen by a Japanese physician who prescribed 200 mg of fluticasone 3 times a day and albuterol nebulization as needed. When Toshi came to the Pediatric Primary Care Clinic, he reported using his nebulizer up to 25 times daily...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110326/behavioural-responses-of-yunnan-snub-nosed-monkeys-rhinopithecus-bieti-to-tourists-in-a-provisioned-monkey-group-in-baimaxueshan-nature-reserve
#17
Wancai Xia, Baoping Ren, Yanhong Li, Jie Hu, Xinming He, Ali Krzton, Ming Li, Dayong Li
The appearance of tourists brings about behavioural changes in some primates. Primate behavioural responses to human activities can reflect their survival strategy. Little is known about how the behaviour of Rhinopithecus bieti changes in the presence of tourists. Here we provide the first detailed description of interactions between a provisioned group of R. bieti and tourists at Xiangguqing in Baimaxueshan Nature Reserve from July 2012 to June 2013. We found that R. bieti had different response rates to the 5 most common human actions (shout, photograph, offer food, clap, and wave)...
2016: Folia Primatologica; International Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087339/differential-behavioral-sensitivity-to-carbon-dioxide-co2-inhalation-in-rats
#18
Andrew Winter, Rebecca Ahlbrand, Devanshi Naik, Renu Sah
Inhalation of carbon dioxide (CO2) is frequently employed as a biological challenge to evoke intense fear and anxiety. In individuals with panic disorder, CO2 reliably evokes panic attacks. Sensitivity to CO2 is highly heterogeneous among individuals, and although a genetic component is implicated, underlying mechanisms are not clear. Preclinical models that can simulate differential responsivity to CO2 are therefore relevant. In the current study we investigated CO2-evoked behavioral responses in four different rat strains: Sprague-Dawley (SD), Wistar (W), Long Evans (LE) and Wistar-Kyoto, (WK) rats...
March 27, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086847/cardiac-sarcoidosis-resembling-panic-disorder-a-case-report
#19
Keita Tokumitsu, Jun Demachi, Yukichi Yamanoi, Shigeto Oyama, Junko Takeuchi, Koji Yachimori, Norio Yasui-Furukori
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease of unknown etiology, in which granulomas develop in various organs, including the skin, lungs, eyes, or heart. It has been reported that patients with sarcoidosis are more likely to develop panic disorder than members of the general population. However, there are many unknown factors concerning the causal relationship between these conditions. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 57-year-old woman who appeared to have panic disorder, as she experienced repeated panic attacks induced by transient complete atrioventricular block, associated with cardiac sarcoidosis...
January 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073587/translational-approach-to-the-pathophysiology-of-panic-disorder-focus-on-serotonin-and-endogenous-opioids
#20
REVIEW
Frederico G Graeff
Panic patients experience recurrent panic attacks. Two main neurochemical hypotheses have been proposed to explain this vulnerability. The first suggests that panic patients have deficient serotonergic inhibition of neurons localized in the dorsal periaqueductal gray matter of the midbrain that organizes defensive reactions to cope with proximal threats as well as of sympathomotor control areas of the rostral ventrolateral medulla that generate neurovegetative symptoms of the panic attack. The second proposes that endogenous opioids buffer panic attacks in normal subjects, and their deficit results in heightened sensitivity to suffocation and separation anxiety in panic patients...
January 7, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
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