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Coronary computed tomography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139033/relationship-between-airflow-obstruction-and-coronary-atherosclerosis-in-asymptomatic-individuals-evaluation-by-coronary-ct-angiography
#1
Jin-Jin Kim, Dong-Bin Kim, Sung-Won Jang, Eun Joo Cho, Kiyuk Chang, Sang Hong Baek, Ho-Joong Youn, Wook Sung Chung, Ki-Bae Seung, Tai-Ho Rho, Jung Im Jung, Byung-Hee Hwang
Airflow obstruction is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, the causal mechanisms linking airflow obstruction with higher incidence of cardiovascular events remain elusive. We evaluated the relationship between airflow obstruction, a key feature of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and prevalence, extent, and severity of coronary atherosclerosis in a large cohort of asymptomatic subjects. Participants were recruited from those undergoing spirometry and coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) as part of a general health evaluation from March 2009 to February 2011...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138794/noninvasive-cardiac-testing-vs-clinical-evaluation-alone-in-acute-chest-pain-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-romicat-ii-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Samuel W Reinhardt, Chien-Jung Lin, Eric Novak, David L Brown
Importance: The incremental benefit of noninvasive testing in addition to clinical evaluation (history, physical examination, an electrocardiogram [ECG], and biomarker assessment) vs clinical evaluation alone for patients who present to the emergency department (ED) with acute chest pain is unknown. Objective: To examine differences in outcomes with clinical evaluation and noninvasive testing (coronary computed tomographic angiography [CCTA] or stress testing) vs clinical evaluation alone...
November 14, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138258/challenges-in-delivering-computed-tomography-coronary-angiography-as-the-first-line-test-for-stable-chest-pain
#3
John G Dreisbach, Edward D Nicol, Carl A Roobottom, Simon Padley, Giles Roditi
OBJECTIVE: The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) clinical guidelines 'chest pain of recent onset: assessment and diagnosis' (update 2016) state CT coronary angiography (CTCA) should be offered as the first-line investigation for patients with stable chest pain. However, the current provision in the UK is unknown. We aimed to evaluate this and estimate the requirements for full implementation of the guidelines including geographical variation. Ancillary aims included surveying the number of CTCA-capable scanners and accredited practitioners in the UK...
November 14, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137093/an-incidental-encounter-of-a-rare-high-take-off-right-coronary-artery-a-case-report
#4
Xicheng Deng, Peng Huang, Wenjuan Chen, Xiaohui Yang, Qianjun Liu, Yunbin Xiao, Cheng He
RATIONALE: High take-off of the coronary arteries is a rare cardiac anatomic anomaly, which may occur independently or with other congenital heart defects. In the clinical setting, it is noteworthy as a cause of sudden cardiac death. Further, it is vital to identify such anomalies to avoid intraoperative catastrophes in surgeries for congenital heart defects. PATIENT CONCERNS: A II/6 systolic heart murmur on physical examination was incidentally found in a 9-year-old boy; he was confirmed to have a secundum-type atrial septal defect on echocardiography...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137066/a-coronary-artery-fistula-having-connection-between-2-coronary-arteries-and-the-left-ventricle-a-case-report
#5
Chang-Yeon Kim, Ji Yong Choi, Kee Sik Kim
RATIONALE: Cases of coronary artery fistula having a connection with the cardiac cavity are rare. Here, we report a case in which 2 coronary arteries empty into the left ventricular cavity together. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 63-year-old woman who was diagnosed as having hypertension 20 years prior presented with dyspnea. DIAGNOSES: The coronary angiography revealed coronary artery fistula. INTERVENTIONS: Chest X-ray showed pulmonary edema...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134367/imaging-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-pregnancy-and-the-peripartum-period
#6
REVIEW
Theodore Pierce, Meline Hovnanian, Sandeep Hedgire, Brian Ghoshhajra
Cardiovascular disease is an important cause of morbidity and mortality during pregnancy and the postpartum period. During pregnancy, the cardiovascular system undergoes extensive hemodynamic, hormonal, and microstructural changes which may exacerbate a preexisting underlying cardiovascular condition or predispose to cardiovascular complications not typically seen in young healthy women. Such conditions include spontaneous coronary artery dissection, atherosclerotic coronary artery disease, and peripartum cardiomyopathy...
November 14, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134268/clinical-significance-of-transluminal-attenuation-gradient-in-320-row-area-detector-coronary-ct-angiography
#7
Etsuro Kato, Shinichiro Fujimoto, Kazuhisa Takamura, Yuko Kawaguchi, Chihiro Aoshima, Makoto Hiki, Kanako K Kumamaru, Hiroyuki Daida
The clinical significance of the transluminal attenuation gradient (TAG) has not been established. We evaluated the incremental diagnostic value of TAG by 320-row area detector computed tomography (320-ADCT). Subjects were 65 patients who underwent one-rotation scanning by 320-ADCT and invasive coronary angiography (ICA) within 3 months. TAG values were obtained for the major epicardial vessels 2 mm or more each in RCA, LAD and LCX using automatic analysis software. Moreover, TAG values that excluded calcified lesions in calculation of the regression line were also evaluated (excluded-TAG)...
November 13, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133478/clinical-relevance-of-18-f-sodium-fluoride-positron-emission-tomography-in-noninvasive-identification-of-high-risk-plaque-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#8
Joo Myung Lee, Ji-In Bang, Bon-Kwon Koo, Doyeon Hwang, Jonghanne Park, Jinlong Zhang, Tong Yaliang, Minseok Suh, Jin Chul Paeng, Yasutsugu Shiono, Takashi Kubo, Takashi Akasaka
BACKGROUND: (18)F-sodium fluoride ((18)F-NaF) positron-emission tomography has been introduced as a potential noninvasive imaging tool to identify plaques with high-risk characteristics in patients with coronary artery disease. We sought to evaluate the clinical relevance of (18)F-NaF uptake using optical coherence tomography (OCT), intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), and coronary computed tomography angiography in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: The target population consisted of 51 prospectively enrolled patients (93 stenoses) who underwent (18)F-NaF positron-emission tomography before invasive coronary angiography...
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131799/multi-slice-computed-tomography-assessment-of-everolimus-eluting-absorb-bioresorbable-scaffold-in-comparison-with-metallic-drug-eluting-stents-from-the-absorb-japan-randomized-trial
#9
Kengo Tanabe, Jeffrey J Popma, Ken Kozuma, Shigeru Saito, Toshiya Muramatsu, Sunao Nakamura, Atsuo Namiki, Yoshihiro Morino, Nobuhisa Hagiwara, Masaaki Uematsu, Tomohiro Kawasaki, Kenshi Fujii, Patrick W Serruys, Yoshinobu Onuma, Shihwa Ying, Hajime Kusano, Gregg W Stone, Takeshi Kimura
AIMS: Blooming artifacts limit accurate coronary assessment by multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) in metallic stents. We sought to investigate whether bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) could be better assessed by MSCT. Methods and Results: Among 400 patients in the randomized ABSORB Japan trial, a pre-specified MSCT sub-study was performed in 98 patients (103 lesions) in the BVS arm and 49 patients (49 lesions) in the cobalt chromium everolimus-eluting stent (CoCr-EES) arm at 13-month prior to follow-up angiography...
November 14, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131773/update-on-cardiovascular-applications-of-multienergy-ct
#10
Kevin Kalisz, Sandra Halliburton, Suhny Abbara, Jonathon A Leipsic, Moritz H Albrecht, U Joseph Schoepf, Prabhakar Rajiah
Advances in scanner technology enabling shorter scan times, improvements in spatial and temporal resolution, and more dose-efficient data reconstruction coupled with rapidly growing evidence from clinical trials have established computed tomography (CT) as an important imaging modality in the evaluation of cardiovascular disorders. Multienergy (or spectral or dual-energy) CT is a relatively recent advance in which attenuation data from different energies are used to characterize materials beyond what is possible at conventional CT...
November 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131324/advanced-imaging-reduces-cost-compared-to-standard-of-care-in-emergency-department-of-triage-of-acute-chest-pain
#11
Pamela S Noack, Jhanna A Moore, Michael Poon
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate medical costs of novel therapies in complex medical settings using registry data. DATA SOURCE/STUDY SETTING: Primary data, from 2008 to 2010. We used patient registry data to evaluate cost and quality performance of coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) in triaging chest pain patients in our tertiary care emergency department and to model financial performance under Medicare's two midnight rule. STUDY DESIGN: Using generalized linear modeling, we retrospectively compared estimated expenditures for evaluation of low-to-intermediate-risk chest pain for demographic and medically risk matched samples of 894 patients each, triaged with CCTA or local standard of care (SOC) using Medicare reimbursement as a proxy...
November 13, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130963/shift-work-and-the-risk-of-coronary-artery-disease-a-cardiac-computed-tomography-angiography-study
#12
Ofer Havakuk, Nufar Zukerman, Nir Flint, Ben Sadeh, Gilad Margolis, Maayan Konigstein, Gad Keren, Galit Aviram, Haim Shmilovich
AIMS: Shift work disrupts the normal circadian rhythm and is associated with risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD) and a higher incidence of CAD morbidity and mortality. Cardiac computed tomography angiography (CCTA) is a robust noninvasive modality for assessing the presence, extent, and severity of CAD. We sought to investigate whether shift workers are prone to a higher burden of CAD compared to non-shift workers. METHODS: We conducted a historically prospective study in consecutive patients who underwent CCTA and answered a telephonic questionnaire...
November 2, 2017: Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127877/breast-arterial-calcification-on-screening-mammography-can-predict-significant-coronary-artery-disease-in-women
#13
Brendan S Kelly, Emer ScanlON, Helen Heneghan, Ciaran E Redmond, Gerard M Healy, Enda Mc Dermott, Eric J Heffernan, Ruth Prichard, Sorcha Mc Nally
INTRODUCTION: Breast Arterial Calcification (BAC) on digital mammography has been associated with an increased risk of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). We aimed to investigate the association of BAC with findings on Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography (CCTA) within a cohort of women from the national breast screening program. METHODS: Symptomatic women (chest pain) aged between 50 and 65 who underwent a CCTA and who also had a screening mammography between 2014 and 2015 were recorded...
November 3, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124548/development-of-an-experimental-and-digital-cardiovascular-arterial-model-for-transient-hemodynamic-and-postural-change-studies-a-preliminary-framework-analysis
#14
Rodward L Hewlin, John P Kizito
The ultimate goal of the present work is to aid in the development of tools to assist in the treatment of cardiovascular disease. Gaining an understanding of hemodynamic parameters for medical implants allow clinicians to have some patient-specific proposals for intervention planning. In the present work an experimental and digital computational fluid dynamics (CFD) arterial model consisting of a number of major arteries (aorta, carotid bifurcation, cranial, femoral, jejunal, and subclavian arteries) were fabricated to study: (1) the effects of local hemodynamics (flow parameters) on global hemodynamics (2) the effects of transition from bedrest to upright position (postural change) on hemodynamics, and (3) diffusion of dye (medical drug diffusion simulation) in the arterial system via experimental and numerical techniques...
November 9, 2017: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124384/diagnostic-performance-of-computed-tomography-angiography-in-the-detection-of-coronary-artery-in-stent-restenosis-evidence-from-an-updated-meta-analysis
#15
Tao Dai, Jiang-Rong Wang, Peng-Fei Hu
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the performance of computed tomography angiography (CTA) ≥64 slices for detecting coronary in-stent restenosis (ISR) and determine the influence of separate characteristics on diagnostic accuracy. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane databases for studies of CTA ≥64 slices in diagnosing ISR. We pooled data on bivariate modelling, and subgroup analysis was also performed. RESULTS: A total of 35 studies involving 4131 stents were included...
November 9, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123666/multi-modality-imaging-of-a-left-atrial-myxoma
#16
Hae Won Jung, Joon Hyung Doh, Woo-Ik Chang
Objectives: Although echocardiography has traditionally been used to diagnose myxoma, invasive or non-invasive coronary angiography can be useful diagnostic tool before surgery. Methods: We present a case of an angiographically detected left atrial myxoma feeding from the left circumflex coronary artery. Results: The patient underwent open-heart surgery to remove the left atrial myxoma. After ligation of feeding artery, the mass was successfully excised...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121932/hemodynamics-analysis-of-the-serial-stenotic-coronary-arteries
#17
Xin Liu, Changnong Peng, Yufa Xia, Zhifan Gao, Pengcheng Xu, Xiaoqing Wang, Zhanchao Xian, Youbing Yin, Liqun Jiao, Defeng Wang, Lin Shi, Wenhua Huang, Xin Liu, Heye Zhang
Coronary arterial stenoses, particularly serial stenoses in a single branch, are responsible for complex hemodynamic properties of the coronary arterial trees, and the uncertain prognosis of invasive intervention. Critical information of the blood flow redistribution in the stenotic arterial segments is required for the adequate treatment planning. Therefore, in this study, an image based non-invasive functional assessment is performed to investigate the hemodynamic significances of serial stenoses. Twenty patient-specific coronary arterial trees with different combinations of stenoses were reconstructed from the computer tomography angiography for the evaluation of the hemodynamics...
November 9, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119262/role-of-cardiac-pet-in-clinical-practice
#18
REVIEW
Brian M Salata, Parmanand Singh
Early identification of atherosclerosis and at-risk lesions plays a critical role in reducing the burden of cardiovascular disease. While invasive coronary angiography serves as the gold standard for diagnosing coronary artery disease, non-invasive imaging techniques provide visualization of both anatomical and functional atherosclerotic processes prior to clinical presentation. The development of cardiac positron emission tomography (PET) has greatly enhanced our capability to diagnose and treat patients with early stages of atherosclerosis...
November 9, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118888/a-rare-cause-of-dyspnea-undifferentiated-pleomorphic-sarcoma-in-the-left-atrium
#19
Martin A Munin, Maria Silvia Goerner, Ignacio Raggio, Jorge Wisner, Alejandro Tettamanzi, Jose Godia, Maria Paula Penaloza, Javier Guetta
Primary cardiac tumors are a rare entity. The presence of a mass in the left atrium suggests myxoma as a first differential diagnosis. Here we present a rare case of a woman with exertional dyspnea with a large tumor in the left atrium. The patient was extensively studied with echocardiography, cardiac MRI, coronary angiography and computed tomography. Extracardiac neoplastic involvement was ruled out. The patient underwent surgery, the mass was removed, and the final diagnosis was an undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma...
October 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118884/breast-arterial-calcifications-on-mammography-do-not-predict-myocardial-ischemia-on-myocardial-perfusion-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography
#20
Ahmed Fathala, Salma Salem, Fahad Alanazi, Deema Abunayyan, Abdelmoneim M Eldali, Abdulaziz Alsugair
Background: The aim of this study was to determine if breast arterial calcification (BAC) on mammography predicts myocardial ischemia (MI) on stress myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (MPS). BAC is a type of medial artery calcification that can be seen incidentally on mammography, but the relationship between coronary artery calcification and MI on MPS is yet unknown. Methods: A total of 435 consecutive women underwent mammography and stress MPS within 1 year of each other...
October 2017: Cardiology Research
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