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Calciphylaxis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529162/cirrhosis-presenting-as-cutaneous-calciphylaxis
#1
Connie R Shi, Molly Plovanich, Susan Burgin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522774/acenocoumarol-as-a-risk-factor-for-calciphylaxis-a-feature-clinicians-should-be-aware-of
#2
E F E Wenstedt, C J Huysentruyt, C J A M Konings
In contrast with uraemic calciphylaxis in end-stage renal disease, causes of and risk factors for non-uraemic calciphylaxis are relatively unknown to clinicians and have yet to become fully established. This report describes a case of non-uraemic calciphylaxis, in which the use of acenocoumarol might have been a risk factor. It is important to raise awareness about this association among clinicians, as vitamin K antagonists have to be stopped for an optimal treatment of this severe condition.
May 2017: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507910/penile-calciphylaxis-the-use-of-radiological-investigations-in-the-management-of-a-rare-and-challenging-condition
#3
Rebecca A Campbell, Laith M Alzweri, Nikolai A Sopko, Katarzyna J Macura, Arthur L Burnett
Penile calciphylaxis is a rare phenomenon of penile necrosis observed in patients with hemodialysis-dependent end-stage renal failure. Multiple treatments have been proposed including conservative management, surgical debridement and penectomy; yet, the prognosis remains extremely poor. Here, we describe a patient with protracted resolution of dry gangrene of the glans, which failed conservative management of wound care and pain management. Radiological studies revealed extensive calcification of abdominal aorta and branching vessels including the penile arteries...
July 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506812/a-33year-old-woman-with-calciphylaxis-diabetic-kidney-disease-and-abdominal-pain
#4
Denise Sanchez, Anh Phan, Emil Lesho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478757/-sodium-thiosulfate-for-the-treatment-of-acenocumarol-induced-calciphylaxis-in-a-patient-with-preserved-kidney-function
#5
Elena Mateos Egido, Attenya Álamo Medina, Ana Cristina Ródenas Gálvez, Marina Lombardero Pin, Alicia Díez Del Pino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470091/acute-cutaneous-necrosis-a-guide-to-early-diagnosis-and-treatment
#6
Karen Karimi, Ashika Odhav, Ramya Kollipara, Jesse Fike, Carol Stanford, John C Hall
Acute cutaneous necrosis is characterised by a wide range of aetiologies and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, warranting complex considerations in management. Early recognition is imperative in diagnosis and management of sudden gangrenous changes in the skin. This review discusses major causes of cutaneous necrosis, examines the need for early assessment, and integrates techniques related to diagnosis and management. The literature, available via PubMed, on acute cutaneous necrotic syndromes was reviewed to summarise causes and synthesise appropriate treatment strategies to create a clinician's guide in the early diagnosis and management of acute cutaneous necrosis...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436018/early-clinical-presentations-and-progression-of-calciphylaxis
#7
Toshi Ghosh, Daniel S Winchester, Mark D P Davis, Rokea El-Azhary, Nneka I Comfere
BACKGROUND: Untreated calciphylaxis is a fatal disease of intra- and extravascular calcification, most commonly presenting in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. While early identification is critical for timely treatment, early-stage clinical and histopathological descriptions have not, to our knowledge, been elucidated. As early clinical recognition is essential to prompt definitive histopathological diagnosis, this study describes a range of clinical and histopathological manifestations of early-stage calciphylaxis...
April 23, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431568/a-case-report-of-severe-calciphylaxis-suggested-approach-for-diagnosis-and-treatment
#8
Margret Patecki, Gabriele Lehmann, Jan Hinrich Bräsen, Jessica Schmitz, Anna Bertram, Lars Daniel Berthold, Hermann Haller, Wilfried Gwinner
BACKGROUND: Calciphylaxis is a serious complication in patients with chronic kidney disease associated mineral and bone disorder. It can occur in conditions with low and high bone turnover. So far, there are no definite diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines which may prevent the devastating outcome in many calciphylaxis patients. We report a case which clearly illustrates that knowledge of the underlying bone disorder is essential for a directed treatment. Based on this experience we discuss a systematic diagnostic and therapeutic approach in patients with calciphylaxis...
April 21, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413385/calciphylaxis-presenting-with-various-symptoms-a-case-report
#9
Shinpei Miura, Kazuhiro Takahashi, Toshihide Akasaka
Calciphylaxis causes ischemia in multiple organs and skin ulcers owing to progressive calcification in small and medial arteries. It has a poor prognosis and often occurs in patients with hyperparathyroidism associated with end-stage renal failure and those undergoing hemodialysis. Here, we present a case of calciphylaxis associated with a wide range of symptoms, including lower thigh skin ulcers, a rectovaginal fistula, and femoral neck fracture. The patient underwent multiple treatments. However, she eventually died of cardiac failure...
January 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390776/calciphylaxis-beyond-ckd-mbd
#10
María Fernández, Enrique Morales, Eduardo Gutierrez, Natalia Polanco, Eduardo Hernández, Eva Mérida, Manuel Praga
INTRODUCTION: Calcific uraemic arteriolopathy (CUA), also called calciphylaxis, is a rare but potentially fatal vascular disorder that almost exclusively affects patients with chronic renal failure. The objective of this study was to analyse various risk factors for developing CUA and its subsequent clinical course according to the treatment received. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study that included patients diagnosed with CUA from December 1999 to December 2015...
April 5, 2017: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380267/fractures-in-calciphylaxis-patients-following-intravenous-sodium-thiosulfate-therapy
#11
Allison S Dobry, Lauren N Ko, Daniela Kroshinsky
Calciphylaxis is a highly fatal syndrome of small vessel calcification that results in skin ischemia and necrosis.[1] Affected patients present with extremely painful, violaceous skin lesions that progress to non-healing ulcers, and can be complicated by superimposed infections and sepsis.[2] The mortality rate from calciphylaxis is estimated at 60-80%.[2, 3] Sodium thiosulfate (STS), an increasingly popular treatment for calciphylaxis, is theorized to work through vasodilation, antioxidation, and calcium chelation...
April 5, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375870/calciphylaxis
#12
Sagar U Nigwekar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Calciphylaxis remains a poorly understood vascular calcification disorder with predilection for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Recent data from large patient registries and databases have begun to provide information regarding incidence, risk factors, and outcomes in patients with calciphylaxis. RECENT FINDINGS: The most recent estimate places the incidence of calciphylaxis at 3.5 new cases/1000 patient-years among the patients with ESRD on chronic hemodialysis...
April 1, 2017: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336239/penile-gangrene-by-calciphylaxis-an-unusual-clinical-presentation-in-a-patient-with-diabetic-nephropathy-on-hemodialysis
#13
Guevar Maselli, Marco Cordari, Francesco Catanzariti, Gaetano Donatelli, Lucio Dell'Atti, Andrea Benedetto Galosi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326673/benefits-of-intralesional-injections-of-sodium-thiosulfate-in-the-treatment-of-calciphylaxis
#14
Kirsi Isoherranen, Laura Bouchard, Nicolas Kluger
Calciphylaxis (CPX) is a rare calcifying thrombotic vasculopathy responsible for painful necrotic ulcers, with a high mortality rate, and its management is often difficult. Recently, intravenous infusions of sodium thiosulfate (STS) have shown efficacy. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of intralesional STS (IL STS) in four patients. Our aim was to assess the efficacy of IL STS in a prospective mono-centric open study that included four patients with a biopsy-proven cutaneous CPX. Four women (55-84 years old, mean age: 71·2 years) with a uremic (n = 1) or non-uremic CPX (n = 3) and primary hyperparathyroidism induced by teriparatide or after the initiation of oral anti-vitamin K were treated by IL STS (250 mg/ml)...
March 21, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315516/metaplastic-ossification-of-the-temporal-artery-with-osteoclast-like-giant-cells-a-mimicker-of-giant-cell-temporal-arteritis
#15
Miroslav Sekulic, Alexander M Truskinovsky
PURPOSE: To describe a patient presenting with suspected giant cell (temporal) arteritis (GCA) in whom subsequent temporal artery biopsy showed luminal narrowing by medial calcification, metaplastic ossification, and fibrointimal proliferation, consistent with calciphylaxis. METHODS: A 55-year-old man with end-stage renal disease presented with unilateral loss of vision and elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate and was initially treated as though he had GCA; however, a subsequent temporal artery biopsy showed marked luminal narrowing by medial calcification, metaplastic ossification, and fibrointimal proliferation, consistent with calciphylaxis...
February 28, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285781/calciphylaxis-comparison-of-radiologic-imaging-and-histopathology
#16
Charles L Halasz, David P Munger, Heather Frimmer, Michael Dicorato, Sandra Wainwright
BACKGROUND: The current gold standard for diagnosis of calciphylaxis is a skin biopsy specimen demonstrating calcification of small-caliber arteries or arterioles. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to compare diameters of calcified vessels seen in skin biopsy specimens and radiology images of patients with calciphylaxis. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of patients with known calciphylaxis from 2009 to 2016 at a community hospital who had both skin biopsy specimens and radiology images taken as part of their routine care...
March 9, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253607/-calciphylaxis-an-overlooked-problem-of-the-clinicians
#17
W Gao, X X Ran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252815/analysis-of-the-german-drg-data-for-livedoid-vasculopathy-and-calciphylaxis
#18
R Renner, J Dissemond, T Goerge, N Hoff, K Kröger, C Erfurt-Berge
BACKGROUND: Livedoid vasculopathy and calciphylaxis are rare skin disorders. Large cohorts of patients have been missing so far for detailed analysis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from diagnosis-related groups (DRGs) of hospitalized cases of livedoid vasculopathy (ntotal = 1357) and calciphylaxis (ntotal = 699) were analysed for the years 2008-2013 concerning sex, age and frequency of diagnosis. To avoid deviations to non-relevant secondary diagnosis and due to changes in ICD-10 indices, we selected the two most recent available years 2013 and 2014 for evaluation of the accompanying diagnoses for both, livedoid vasculopathy (n = 519) and calciphylaxis (n = 324)...
March 2, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228905/calciphylaxis-on-bone-scan-correlation-between-molecular-and-cross-sectional-findings
#19
Malak Itani, Manuela Matesan, Sanaz Behnia, Saeed Elojeimy
Calciphylaxis is a rare devastating medical condition commonly associated with end-stage renal disease and characterized by extensive microvascular calcifications. We describe a case of calciphylaxis presenting on Tc-99m MDP bone scan imaging with asymmetric radiotracer uptake within the lower extremities corresponding to extensive soft tissue calcifications on Computed tomography. Familiarity with the classic clinical presentation and imaging features of this rare entity may help its early identification and treatment...
March 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220742/calcific-uraemic-arteriolopathy-calciphylaxis-in-patients-on-renal-replacement-therapy
#20
S Sebastian, H F Jordaan, J W Schneider, M R Moosa, M R Davids
BACKGROUND: Calcific uraemic arteriolopathy (calciphylaxis) is an unusual and potentially fatal condition characterised by small-vessel calcification and ischaemic skin necrosis. It mainly affects patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on haemodialysis, but may rarely occur in the absence of ESRD in conditions such as primary hyperparathyroidism, malignancy, alcoholic liver disease and connective tissue disease. METHODS: We reviewed the records of all patients diagnosed with calciphylaxis while on renal replacement therapy at Tygerberg Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa, between 1990 and 2014, to describe its presentation, course and final outcome...
January 30, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
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