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Cancer survivorship

Carmit K McMullen, Joanna E Bulkley, Andrea Altschuler, Christopher S Wendel, Marcia Grant, Mark C Hornbrook, Virginia Sun, Robert S Krouse
BACKGROUND: Eliciting the priorities of cancer survivors is essential to address the specific needs of cancer survivor subgroups. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the greatest challenges related to treatment for long-term rectal cancer survivors. DESIGN: This was an observational study with a cross-sectional survey. SETTINGS: The study included members of Kaiser Permanente Northern California and Northwest health plans...
November 2016: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Rebeccah B Baucom, Jenny Ousley, Gloria B Beveridge, Sharon E Phillips, Richard A Pierce, Michael D Holzman, Kenneth W Sharp, William H Nealon, Benjamin K Poulose
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivorship focuses largely on improving quality of life. We aimed to determine the rate of ventral incisional hernia (VIH) formation after cancer resection, with implications for survivorship. METHODS: Patients without prior VIH who underwent abdominal malignancy resections at a tertiary center were followed up to 2 years. Patients with a viewable preoperative computed tomography (CT) scan and CT within 2 years postoperatively were included...
October 14, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
O P Geerse, K Wynia, M Kruijer, M J Schotsman, T J N Hiltermann, A J Berendsen
PURPOSE: Improved survival rates from cancer have increased the need to understand the health-related problems of cancer treatment. We aimed to develop and validate the "Cancer Survivor Core Set" representing the most relevant health-related problems in adult cancer survivors using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). METHODS: First, a Delphi study was conducted to select ICF categories representing the most relevant health-related problems...
October 14, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Melissa C Brouwers, Marija Vukmirovic, Jennifer R Tomasone, Eva Grunfeld, Robin Urquhart, Mary Ann O'Brien, Melanie Walker, Fiona Webster, Margaret Fitch
OBJECTIVE: To report on the findings of the CanIMPACT (Canadian Team to Improve Community-Based Cancer Care along the Continuum) Casebook project, which systematically documented Canadian initiatives (ie, programs and projects) designed to improve or support coordination and continuity of cancer care between primary care providers (PCPs) and oncology specialists. DESIGN: Pan-Canadian environmental scan. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals representing the various initiatives provided data for the analysis...
October 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Li Jiang, Aisha Lofters, Rahim Moineddin, Kathleen Decker, Patti Groome, Cynthia Kendell, Monika Krzyzanowska, Dongdong Li, Mary L McBride, Nicole Mittmann, Geoff Porter, Donna Turner, Robin Urquhart, Marcy Winget, Yang Zhang, Eva Grunfeld
OBJECTIVE: To describe primary care physician (PCP) use and continuity of PCP care across the breast cancer care continuum. DESIGN: Population-based, retrospective cohort study using provincial cancer registries linked to health administrative databases. SETTING: British Columbia, Manitoba, and Ontario. PARTICIPANTS: All women with incident invasive breast cancer from 2007 to 2012 in Manitoba and Ontario and from 2007 to 2011 in British Columbia...
October 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Jeffrey Sisler, Genevieve Chaput, Jonathan Sussman, Emmanuel Ozokwelu
OBJECTIVE: To offer FPs a summary of evidence-based recommendations to guide their follow-up survivorship care of women treated for breast cancer. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: A literature search was conducted in MEDLINE from 2000 to 2016 using the search words breast cancer, survivorship, follow-up care, aftercare, guidelines, and survivorship care plans, with a focus on review of recent guidelines published by national cancer organizations. Evidence ranges from level I to level III...
October 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Jonathan Aning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Bryan P Schneider, Dongbing Lai, Fei Shen, Guanglong Jiang, Milan Radovich, Lang Li, Laura Gardner, Kathy D Miller, Anne O'Neill, Joseph A Sparano, Gloria Xue, Tatiana Foroud, George W Sledge
PURPOSE: Taxane-induced peripheral neuropathy (TIPN) is one of the most important survivorship issues for cancer patients. African Americans (AA) have previously been shown to have an increased risk for this toxicity. Germline predictive biomarkers were evaluated to help identify a priori which patients might be at extraordinarily high risk for this toxicity. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Whole exome sequencing was performed using germline DNA from 213 AA patients who received a standard dose and schedule of paclitaxel in the adjuvant, randomized phase III breast cancer trial, E5103...
October 9, 2016: Oncotarget
T Shaw, P Yates, B Moore, K Ash, L Nolte, M Krishnasamy, J Nicholson, M Rynderman, J Avery, M Jefford
Cancer survivorship is recognised globally as a key issue. In spite of the key role played by nurses in survivorship care, there is an identified gap in nurse's knowledge in this area. This study reports on the development and evaluation of an educational resource for nurses working with people affected by cancer. The resource was designed using adult learning principles and includes a variety of learning materials and point of care resources. A mixed-methods sequential exploratory design was used to undertake an evaluation of the programme...
October 10, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
Stephen A Sands, Brian T Harel, Mirko Savone, Kara Kelly, Veena Vijayanathan, Jennifer Greene Welch, Lynda Vrooman, Lewis B Silverman, Peter D Cole
PURPOSE: Neurocognitive impairment is frequently observed among acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) survivors within the domains of intelligence, attention, processing speed, working memory, learning, and memory. However, few have investigated treatment-induced changes in neurocognitive function during the first months of treatment. Additionally, dysfunction during treatment may be preceded by changes in biomarkers measured within cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Identification of acute declines in neurocognitive function, as well as predictive genotypes or biomarkers, could guide therapeutic trials of protective interventions...
October 10, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Isabelle Merckaert, Florence Lewis, France Delevallez, Sophie Herman, Marie Caillier, Nicole Delvaux, Yves Libert, Aurore Liénard, Jean-Marie Nogaret, David Ogez, Pierre Scalliet, Jean-Louis Slachmuylder, Paul Van Houtte, Darius Razavi
OBJECTIVE: To compare in a multicenter randomized controlled trial the benefits in terms of anxiety regulation of a 15-session single-component group intervention (SGI) based on support with those of a 15-session multi-component structured manualized group intervention (MGI) combining support with cognitive-behavioral and hypnosis components. METHODS: Patients with non-metastatic breast cancer were randomly assigned at the beginning of the survivorship period to the SGI (n = 83) or MGI (n = 87)...
October 8, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Susan M Hannum, Katherine Clegg Smith, Kisha Coa, Ann C Klassen
This paper evaluates how older cancer patients describe cancer survivorship and incorporate the cancer experience into long-term evaluations of health. From a series of 53 qualitative interviews with adults with histories of breast and prostate cancers and non-Hodgkin lymphoma, we analyze age-related discussions among those 65 and older (n = 21). Emergent themes revealed the: 1) Historical conceptualization of cancer, (2) Changed perspective following diagnosis, (3) Cancer in the context of a long biography, (4) Cancer in the context of the aging body and decline, and (5) Meaning of time remaining and quality of life...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Antonella Surbone, Michael T Halpern
The number of individuals diagnosed with cancer is growing worldwide. Cancer patients from underserved populations have widely documented disparities through the continuum of cancer care. As the number of cancer survivors (i.e., individuals who have completed cancer treatment) from underserved populations also continue to grow, these individuals may continue to experience barriers to survivorship care, resulting in persistent long-term negative impacts on health and quality of life. In addition, there is limited participation of survivors from underserved populations in clinical trials and other research studies...
October 6, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Janine Vetsch, Joanna E Fardell, Claire E Wakefield, Christina Signorelli, Gisela Michel, Jordana K McLoone, Thomas Walwyn, Heather Tapp, Jo Truscott, Richard J Cohn
OBJECTIVE: This mixed-method study assessed 1) survivors' and parents' information needs; and 2) associations between unmet information needs and clinical and socio-demographic characteristics. METHODS: Stage 1: CCS and parents of CCS, >5years post-diagnosis completed a questionnaire on information needs, overall health and perceived risk. Predictors for unmet information needs were assessed by multivariable regression. Stage 2: participants were interviewed in-depth on these topics...
September 22, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
Catherine L Granger, Linda Denehy, Louisa Remedios, Sarah Retica, Pimsiri Phongpagdi, Nicholas Hart, Selina M Parry
RATIONALE: Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines recommend physical activity (physical activity) for people with lung cancer, however evidence has not translated into clinical practice and the majority of patients do not meet recommended activity levels. OBJECTIVES: To identify factors (barriers and enablers) that influence clinicians' translation of the physical activity guidelines into practice. METHODS: Qualitative study involving 17 participants (three respiratory physicians, two thoracic surgeons, two oncologists, two nurses, eight physical therapists) who were recruited using purposive sampling from five hospitals in Melbourne, Australia...
September 30, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
D Coughlan, E Doherty, K Frick, P Ward, C O'Neill
There are now over 104,000 people living in Ireland with a cancer diagnosis. Using The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA), healthcare utilisation of cancer survivors (aged 50 +) was compared with those without a history of cancer across service providers. Our cancer variable was stratified by time since diagnosis (2-5, 6-10, 11+ years) and type (breast, prostate, colorectal and a miscellaneous group of other cancers). While the probability of cancer survivors accessing GP services was not significant different to respondents without a history of cancer, the probability of an outpatient specialist office visit was 19...
2016: Irish Medical Journal
E L Moss, S Taneja, F Munir, C Kent, L Robinson, N Potdar, P Sarhanis, H McDermott
The ever-improving prognosis of women diagnosed with cervical cancer has meant that survivorship and treatment-related sequelae are being brought more into the spotlight in an attempt to try to reduce morbidity and improve women's long-term health. However, there are many issues surrounding an iatrogenic menopause in cervical cancer, a variety of potential management options and barriers to treatment. Women who have become menopausal under the age of 45 years as a result of cervical cancer are significantly less likely to start hormone replacement therapy (HRT) or continue it long term as compared with those who have undergone a surgical menopause for a benign reason...
September 24, 2016: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
Erin Arthurs, Timothy P Hanna, Khaled Zaza, Yingwei Peng, Stephen F Hall
PURPOSE: A retrospective population-based cohort study was conducted to determine the risk of ischemic stroke with respect to time, associated with curative radiation therapy in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC). METHODS AND MATERIALS: On the basis of data from the Ontario Cancer Registry and regional cancer treatment centers, 14,069 patients were identified with diagnoses of squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity, larynx, and pharynx who were treated for cure between 1990 and 2010...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Suzanne N Landi, Kemi M Doll, Jeannette T Bensen, Laura Hendrix, Carey K Anders, Jennifer M Wu, Hazel B Nichols
PURPOSE: Endocrine therapy for breast cancer can exacerbate menopausal symptoms. The association between endocrine therapy and common pelvic floor disorders including urinary incontinence has rarely been evaluated. We examined urogenital and sexual side effects among women with a breast cancer diagnosis, comparing endocrine therapy users to nonusers. METHODS: Urogenital and sexual symptoms were self-reported during the enrollment interview within the University of North Carolina Cancer Survivorship Cohort...
September 28, 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Matthew K Knox, Sarah Hales, Rinat Nissim, Judy Jung, Christopher Lo, Camilla Zimmermann, Gary Rodin
PURPOSE: There has been increased awareness recently of the unique medical and psychosocial needs of adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer. However, the existing AYA literature is mainly focused on curative disease or survivorship rather than on advanced disease. Using qualitative methodology, we sought to understand the experience of younger adults with advanced cancer. METHODS: Participants were interviewed using open-ended, discovery-oriented interviews...
September 27, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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