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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732304/outbreak-of-salmonella-enteritidis-pt14b-gastroenteritis-at-a-restaurant-in-england-the-use-of-molecular-typing-to-achieve-a-successful-prosecution
#1
C Chatt, D Nicholds-Trainor, A Scrivener, S Suleman, M Harvey, T Dallman, J Hawker, B Sibal
OBJECTIVES: To describe an outbreak of Salmonella enteritidis phage type (PT) 14b in people who had eaten at a restaurant, and the investigation and subsequent prosecution of the food business operator (FBO). STUDY DESIGN: The local health protection team and environmental health department formed an outbreak control team to investigate the outbreak. METHODS: Epidemiological, microbiological, and environmental investigations were undertaken...
July 18, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730950/statistical-analysis-plan-for-the-head-position-in-stroke-trial-headpost-an-international-cluster-cross-over-randomized-trial
#2
Laurent Billot, Mark Woodward, Hisatomi Arima, Maree L Hackett, Paula Muñoz Venturelli, Pablo M Lavados, Alejandro Brunser, Bin Peng, Liying Cui, Lily Song, Stephane Heritier, Stephen Jan, Sandy Middleton, Verónica V Olavarría, Joyce Lim, Thompson Robinson, Octavio Pontes-Neto, Caroline Watkins, Craig S Anderson
Background There is evidence to indicate that the lying flat head position increases cerebral blood flow and oxygenation in patients with acute ischemic stroke, but how these physiological effects translate into clinical outcomes is uncertain. The Head Position in Stroke Trial aims to determine the comparative effectiveness of lying flat (0°) compared to sitting up (≥30°) head positioning, initiated within 24 h of hospital admission for patients with acute stroke. Design An international, pragmatic, cluster-randomized, crossover, open, blinded outcome assessed clinical trial...
August 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730402/theoretical-perspectives-of-adherence-to-web-based-interventions-a-scoping-review
#3
Cathal Ryan, Michael Bergin, John Sg Wells
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to review the literature as this relates to theoretical perspectives of adherence to web-based interventions, drawing upon empirical evidence from the fields of psychology, business, information technology and health care. METHODS: A scoping review of the literature utilising principles outlined by Arksey and O'Malley was undertaken. RESULTS: Several relevant theoretical perspectives have emerged, eight of which are charted and discussed in this review...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730180/measuring-efficiency-of-secondary-healthcare-providers-in-slovenia
#4
Patricia Blatnik, Štefan Bojnec, Matej Tušak
The chief aim of this study was to analyze secondary healthcare providers' efficiency, focusing on the efficiency analysis of Slovene general hospitals. We intended to present a complete picture of technical, allocative, and cost or economic efficiency of general hospitals. METHODS: We researched the aspects of efficiency with two econometric methods. First, we calculated the necessary quotients of efficiency with the stochastic frontier analyze (SFA), which are realized by econometric evaluation of stochastic frontier functions; then, with the data envelopment analyze (DEA), we calculated the necessary quotients that are based on the linear programming method...
2017: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726725/a-cultural-conscience-for-conservation
#5
Caroline Good, Dawn Burnham, David W Macdonald
On 2 July 2015, the killing of a lion nicknamed "Cecil" prompted the largest global reaction in the history of wildlife conservation. In response to this, it is propitious to consider the ways in which this moment can be developed into a financial movement to transform the conservation of species such as the lion that hold cultural significance and sentiment but whose numbers in the wild are dwindling dangerously. This provocative piece explores how a species royalty could be used effectively by drawing revenue from the heavy symbolic use of charismatic animals in affluent economies...
July 20, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726508/optimizing-mri-logistics-prospective-analysis-of-performance-efficiency-and-patient-throughput
#6
Kevin Beker, Alejandro Garces-Descovich, Jason Mangosing, Ines Cabral-Goncalves, Donna Hallett, Koenraad J Mortele
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to optimize MRI logistics through evaluation of MRI workflow and analysis of performance, efficiency, and patient throughput in a tertiary care academic center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: For 2 weeks, workflow data from two outpatient MRI scanners were prospectively collected and stratified by value added to the process (i.e., value-added time, business value-added time, or non-value-added time). Two separate time cycles were measured: the actual MRI process cycle as well as the complete length of patient stay in the department...
July 20, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726437/anti-profit-beliefs-how-people-neglect-the-societal-benefits-of-profit
#7
Amit Bhattacharjee, Jason Dana, Jonathan Baron
Profit-seeking firms are stereotypically depicted as immoral and harmful to society. At the same time, profit-driven enterprise has contributed immensely to human prosperity. Though scholars agree that profit can incentivize societally beneficial behaviors, people may neglect this possibility. In 7 studies, we show that people see business profit as necessarily in conflict with social good, a view we call anti-profit beliefs. Studies 1 and 2 demonstrate that U.S. participants hold anti-profit views of real U...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725870/human-factors-in-cybersecurity-examining-the-link-between-internet-addiction-impulsivity-attitudes-towards-cybersecurity-and-risky-cybersecurity-behaviours
#8
Lee Hadlington
The present study explored the relationship between risky cybersecurity behaviours, attitudes towards cybersecurity in a business environment, Internet addiction, and impulsivity. 538 participants in part-time or full-time employment in the UK completed an online questionnaire, with responses from 515 being used in the data analysis. The survey included an attitude towards cybercrime and cybersecurity in business scale, a measure of impulsivity, Internet addiction and a 'risky' cybersecurity behaviours scale...
July 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725268/towards-microalgal-triglycerides-in-the-commodity-markets
#9
Giulia Benvenuti, Jesús Ruiz, Packo P Lamers, Rouke Bosma, René H Wijffels, Maria J Barbosa
BACKGROUND: Microalgal triglycerides (TAGs) hold great promise as sustainable feedstock for commodity industries. However, to determine research priorities and support business decisions, solid techno-economic studies are essential. Here, we present a techno-economic analysis of two-step TAG production (growth reactors are operated in continuous mode such that multiple batch-operated stress reactors are inoculated and harvested sequentially) for a 100-ha plant in southern Spain using vertically stacked tubular photobioreactors...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725137/psychological-determinants-of-entrepreneurial-success-and-life-satisfaction
#10
Aneta M Przepiorka
The presented study focused on different stages of the entrepreneurial process. The first group comprised those starting a new business and the second group those who have been through the whole process of creating a new business and have now been operating in the market. The general aim of the article was to examine the relationship between action orientation, hope, goal commitment, entrepreneurial success, and life satisfaction, and to determine the role of psychological characteristics (hope, action orientation) in the entrepreneurial process...
2017: Current Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724683/roadmap-to-value-driven-health-care
#11
Gary Salamido
Uncertainty over future health care costs is a major concern to business and acts as a throttle, limiting new investment. This article discusses how the North Carolina Chamber is committed to making North Carolina a top-10 state for health care value, thus creating a robust business environment across the state.
July 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724512/the-health-buddies-app-as-a-novel-tool-to-improve-adherence-and-knowledge-in-atrial-fibrillation-patients-a-pilot-study
#12
Lien Desteghe, Kiki Kluts, Johan Vijgen, Pieter Koopman, Dagmara Dilling-Boer, Joris Schurmans, Paul Dendale, Hein Heidbuchel
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) constitutes an important risk for stroke, especially in an ageing population. A new app (Health Buddies) was developed as a tool to improve adherence to non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in an elderly AF population by providing a virtual contract with their grandchildren, spelling out daily challenges for both. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this pilot study was to assess the feasibility and usability of the Health Buddies app in AF patients...
July 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724411/a-qualitative-study-exploring-perceptions-and-attitudes-of-community-pharmacists-about-extended-pharmacy-services-in-lahore-pakistan
#13
Furqan K Hashmi, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Adnan Khalid, Fahad Saleem, Hisham Aljadhey, Zaheer Ud Din Babar, Mohammad Bashaar
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, community pharmacies reported a change of business model, whereby a shift from traditional services to the provision of extended roles was observed. However, such delivery of extended pharmacy services (EPS) is reported from the developed world, and there is scarcity of information from the developing nations. Within this context, the present study was aimed to explore knowledge, perception and attitude of community pharmacists (CPs) about EPS and their readiness and acceptance for practice change in the city of Lahore, Pakistan...
July 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724001/food-marketing-targeting-children-unveiling-the-ethical-perspectives-in-the-discourse-on-self-regulation
#14
Dillian Adelaine Cesar da Silva, Antonio Carlos Rodrigues da Cunha, Thiago Rocha da Cunha, Caroline Filla Rosaneli
When it comes to food marketing, children are one of the major targets. Regulatory actions can play a strategic role in health protection. The objective of this research was to characterize the ethical perspective in the discourse against state regulatory actions on food marketing directed at children, aiming to understand the context of the discourse's production and how it creates meaning. The methodology adopted was qualitative, with documentary analysis and use of concepts and procedures from Discourse Analysis...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723301/maternal-occupation-and-the-risk-of-neural-tube-defects-in-offspring
#15
Jihye Kim, Peter H Langlois, Laura E Mitchell, A J Agopian
We evaluated the association between maternal occupation and the risk of neural tube defects (NTDs) in offspring. Data for 491 nonsyndromic cases were obtained from the Texas Birth Defects Registry for deliveries between 1999 and 2009. We randomly selected 2,291 controls among all live births in Texas during this time. Maternal occupations were classified using automated software and manual assignment. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to examine the relationship between maternal occupation and risk for any NTD, adjusting for maternal race/ethnicity, any diabetes, and maternal body mass index...
July 19, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723228/thermal-processing-of-live-bivalve-molluscs-for-controlling-viruses-on-the-need-for-a-risk-based-design
#16
Winy Messens, Pablo S Fernandez-Escamez, David Lees, Roland Lindqvist, Michael O'Mahony, Elisabetta Suffredini, José Cortiñas Abrahantes, Emmanouil Chantzis, Kostas Koutsoumanis
Norovirus (NoV) and Hepatitis A virus (HAV) are the most important viral hazards associated with human illness following consumption of contaminated bivalve molluscs. The effectiveness of the current EU criteria for heat processing of bivalve molluscs (i.e. raising the temperature of the internal mollusc flesh to at least 90°C for a minimum of 90 seconds) was evaluated using predictive microbiology. A HAV thermal inactivation model was developed based on literature data in mollusc matrices during isothermal heat treatment...
July 19, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722746/hospitalization-rates-among-economic-immigrants-to-canada
#17
Edward Ng, Claudia Sanmartin, Douglas G Manuel
BACKGROUND: Economic immigrants generally, and economic class principal applicants (ECPAs) specifically, tend to have better health than other immigrants. However, health outcomes vary among subcategories within this group, especially by sex. DATA AND METHODS: This study examines hospitalization rates among ECPAs aged 25 to 74 who arrived in Canada between 1980 and 2006 as skilled workers, business immigrants, or live-in caregivers. The analysis used two linked databases to estimate age-standardized hospitalization rates (ASHRs) overall and for leading causes by sex...
July 19, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722213/countering-resistance-to-protected-area-extension
#18
David Lindenmayer, Simon Thorn, Reed Noss
The establishment of protected areas is a critical strategy for conserving biodiversity. Key policy directives like the Aichi targets seek to expand protected areas to 17% of the earth's land surface, with calls by some conservation biologists for much more. However, in places such as the USA, Germany and Australia, attempts to increase protected areas are meeting strong resistance from communities, industry groups, and governments. Here we provide case studies of such resistance and suggest four ways to tackle this problem: (1) Broaden the case for protected areas beyond just nature conservation, to include the economic, human health, and other benefits, and translate these into a persuasive business case for protected areas...
July 19, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722172/intentional-learning-a-concept-analysis
#19
Sarah Mollman, Lori Candela
AIM: To use a concept analysis to determine a clear definition of the term "intentional learning" for use in nursing. BACKGROUND: The term intentional learning has been used for years in educational, business, and even nursing literature. It has been used to denote processes leading to higher order thinking and the ability to use knowledge in new situations; both of which are important skills to develop in nursing students. But the lack of a common, accepted definition of the term makes it difficult for nurse educators to base instruction and learning experiences on or to evaluate its overall effectiveness in educating students for diverse, fast-paced clinical practices...
July 19, 2017: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721763/-run-hide-tell-applies-to-nurses-too
#20
Erin Dean
Nursing student Rhiannon Owen was at a cash machine in a busy area of London on a Saturday night when a taxi swerved towards her and the driver screamed at her to run. Looking up, she saw a man three metres away holding a knife with a 12-inch blade.
July 19, 2017: Nursing Standard
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