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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792563/ability-of-crime-demographic-and-business-data-to-forecast-areas-of-increased-violence
#1
Daniel A Bowen, Laura M Mercer Kollar, Daniel T Wu, David A Fraser, Charles E Flood, Jasmine C Moore, Elizabeth W Mays, Steven A Sumner
Identifying geographic areas and time periods of increased violence is of considerable importance in prevention planning. This study compared the performance of multiple data sources to prospectively forecast areas of increased interpersonal violence. We used 2011-2014 data from a large metropolitan county on interpersonal violence (homicide, assault, rape and robbery) and forecasted violence at the level of census block-groups and over a one-month moving time window. Inputs to a Random Forest model included historical crime records from the police department, demographic data from the US Census Bureau, and administrative data on licensed businesses...
May 24, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792283/repurposing-available-drugs-for-neurodevelopmental-disorders-the-fragile-x-experience
#2
REVIEW
Michael R Tranfaglia, Clare Thibodeaux, Daniel J Mason, David Brown, Ian Roberts, Richard Smith, Tim Guilliams, Patricia Cogram
Many available drugs have been repurposed as treatments for neurodevelopmental disorders. In the specific case of fragile X syndrome, many clinical trials of available drugs have been conducted with the goal of disease modification. In some cases, detailed understanding of basic disease mechanisms has guided the choice of drugs for clinical trials, and several notable successes in fragile X clinical trials have led to common use of drugs such as minocycline in routine medical practice. Newer technologies like Disease-Gene Expression Matching (DGEM) may allow for more rapid identification of promising repurposing candidates...
May 4, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792081/efficacy-of-a-word-and-text-based-intervention-for-students-with-significant-reading-difficulties
#3
Sharon Vaughn, Garrett J Roberts, Jeremy Miciak, Pat Taylor, Jack M Fletcher
We examine the efficacy of an intervention to improve word reading and reading comprehension in fourth- and fifth-grade students with significant reading problems. Using a randomized control trial design, we compare the fourth- and fifth-grade reading outcomes of students with severe reading difficulties who were provided a researcher-developed treatment with reading outcomes of students in a business-as-usual (BAU) comparison condition. A total of 280 fourth- and fifth-grade students were randomly assigned within school in a 1:1 ratio to either the BAU comparison condition ( n = 139) or the treatment condition ( n = 141)...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792068/loneliness-life-satisfaction-and-psychological-distress-among-out-of-school-adolescents-in-a-nigerian-urban-city
#4
Friday E Okwaraji, Kenechukwu I Obiechina, Godwin C Onyebueke, Ogechukwu N Udegbunam, Godfrey S Nnadum
Loneliness is the feeling of distress that arises when an individual perceives his or her social relationships as being less satisfying than what is desired. Life satisfaction is a global assessment of an individual's quality of life based on his chosen criteria. This descriptive cross sectional study assessed loneliness, life satisfaction and psychological distress among 480 out of school adolescents using the UCLA loneliness scale, the Satisfaction with life scale (SWLS) and the General Health questionnaire...
May 23, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790930/a-machine-learning-recommender-system-to-tailor-preference-assessments-to-enhance-person-centered-care-among-nursing-home-residents
#5
Gerald C Gannod, Katherine M Abbott, Kimberly Van Haitsma, Nathan Martindale, Alexandra Heppner
Background and Objectives: Nursing homes (NHs) using the Preferences for Everyday Living Inventory (PELI-NH) to assess important preferences and provide person-centered care find the number of items (72) to be a barrier to using the assessment. Research Design and Methods: Using a sample of n = 255 NH resident responses to the PELI-NH, we used the 16 preference items from the MDS 3.0 Section F to develop a machine learning recommender system to identify additional PELI-NH items that may be important to specific residents...
May 21, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790057/are-youth-sport-talent-identification-and-development-systems-necessary-and-healthy
#6
Fieke Rongen, Jim McKenna, Stephen Cobley, Kevin Till
Talent identification and development systems (TIDS) are commonly used in professional sport to convert youth athletes into sporting stars of the future. Acknowledging that only a few athletes can "make it," the necessity and healthiness of TIDS have recently been questioned based on their increased professionalism, high training, and competition volumes, but limited effectiveness. In this short communication, we suggest that the key issues associated with TIDS are not due to their overall concept, but with how they are designed and implemented...
May 22, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789387/mitochondrial-adaptation-in-obesity-is-a-clppicated-business
#7
Marc Liesa, Orian S Shirihai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2018: EMBO Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789002/the-impact-of-economic-and-social-factors-on-the-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-in-turkey
#8
Selma Tosun, Olgu Aygün, Hülya Özkan Özdemir, Elif Korkmaz, Durmuş Özdemir
BACKGROUND: Viral Hepatitis is one of the major global health problems, affecting millions of people every year. Limited information is available on the impact of social and economic factors on the prevalence of Hepatitis B virus (HBV) in Turkey. This study, contrary to other studies in the literature, was undertaken with the aim of examining the Majority of the excluded data come from the volunteers. METHODS: There are medical and the social-economic factors affecting the prevalence of HBV...
May 22, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787686/social-support-for-breastfeeding-in-the-era-of-mhealth-a-content-analysis
#9
Jennifer M Schindler-Ruwisch, Amira Roess, Rebecca C Robert, Melissa A Napolitano, Shawn Chiang
BACKGROUND: Several barriers to successful breastfeeding exist, including a lack of support from peers or professionals. With the emergence of mobile health (mHealth) tools to provide additional breastfeeding support, a more thorough review of social support resources was needed. Research Aim: The aim of this study was to determine mHealth breastfeeding support resources and characterize the type of social support they provide. METHODS: A content analysis of mHealth programs ( n = 65), including text messaging ( n = 12) and mobile applications ( n = 53), was conducted on the basis of searches of the iTunes and Google Play stores ( n = 50) and PubMed, the Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health, and American Business Information/INFORM Complete Plus ( n = 15)...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787343/predicting-financial-distress-in-acute-care-hospitals
#10
James R Langabeer, Karima H Lalani, Tiffany Champagne-Langabeer, Jeffrey R Helton
Hospitals continue to face financial pressures from healthcare reform and heightened competition. In this study, our objective was to quantify the financial distress in acute care hospitals in Texas, applying multivariate logistic regression in a four-year longitudinal analysis. Of the 310 acute care hospitals, 50 (16.1%) were in financial distress in the most recent year, up considerably year over year. Distressed hospitals had fewer beds, lower patient acuity, and less outpatient revenues than those in good financial condition...
May 22, 2018: Hospital Topics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786684/-the-development-of-the-system-of-medical-rehabilitation-based-at-the-russian-health-resort-facilities-investment-prospects
#11
E L Povazhnaya, E V Gusakova, S V Moiseenko
The present work is devoted to the prospects for attracting investments for the maintenance and development of the medical rehabilitation practices based at the Russian health resort facilities. The article describes the prerequisites for the enhancement of the investment attractiveness of the development of the system of medical rehabilitation in the said institutions including the formulation and strengthening of the legal and regulatory framework, the capacity for the organization of the second and third stages of medical rehabilitation in the existing spa and health resort facilities, the attraction of the funds of compulsory medical insurance as an additional source of the financial support...
May 21, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786025/resident-perspectives-on-communication-training-that-utilizes-immersive-virtual-reality
#12
Francis J Real, Dominick DeBlasio, Nicholas J Ollberding, David Davis, Bradley Cruse, Daniel Mclinden, Melissa D Klein
Background: Communication skills can be difficult to teach and assess in busy outpatient settings. These skills are important for effective counseling such as in cases of influenza vaccine hesitancy. It is critical to consider novel educational methods to supplement current strategies aimed at teaching relational skills. Methods: An immersive virtual reality (VR) curriculum on addressing influenza vaccine hesitancy was developed using Kern's six-step approach to curriculum design...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785594/attitudes-and-behaviour-towards-construction-waste-minimisation-a-comparative-analysis-between-china-and-the-usa
#13
Jingkuang Liu, Enqin Gong, Dong Wang, XiaoHong Lai, Jian Zhu
With the spread of the concept of sustainable development, people have gained awareness about the problem of massive illegal dumping of construction waste. In this research, a questionnaire survey was carried out in the USA and China. The results indicated the following. (1) Workers in both the countries had positive minimisation attitudes, and the attitude of Chinese construction workers was not significantly different from that of American construction workers. Furthermore, their average values were 3.9 and 4...
May 21, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784696/why-are-we-failing-to-address-the-issue-of-access-to-insulin-a-national-and-global-perspective
#14
David Beran, Irl B Hirsch, John S Yudkin
Insulin was discovered in 1921 and soon became widely available in high-income countries. However, many people currently in need of this life-saving medicine are unable to access it. This is a global phenomenon, impacting not only populations of low- and middle-income countries but low-income populations in the U.S. In the U.S., the rate of diabetic ketoacidosis remains high in certain subpopulations, the cost of insulin being the main precipitating factor. On a global level the main cause of mortality for a child with type 1 diabetes is a lack of access to insulin, and in sub-Saharan Africa the life expectancy of a child with type 1 diabetes can be as low as 1 year...
June 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784442/evaluation-of-adenosine-triphosphate-test-for-cleaning-assessment-of-gastroscopes-and-the-effect-on-workload-in-a-busy-endoscopy-center
#15
Cristiane Schmitt, Amanda Luiz Pires Maciel, Icaro Boszczowski, Thaís Pereira da Silva, Eliane Aparecida Job Neves, Giulio Fabio Rossini, Camila Rizek, Silvia Figueiredo Costa, Rogério Ferreira Lourenço, Michelle J Alfa
OBJECTIVE: Using adenosine triphosphate (ATP) tests to assess manual cleaning of gastroscopes and to determine the associated workload in a busy endoscopy unit. METHODS: Patient-used gastroscopes were sampled before and after cleaning to assess ATP levels, bioburden, and protein. Samples were collected by flushing 20 mL of sterile water through the biopsy port to the distal end. Time spent for reprocessing and performing the ATP test was recorded. RESULTS: Twenty-four samples were collected from 10 gastroscopes...
May 18, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782373/compliance-and-high-reliability-in-a-complex-healthcare-organization
#16
Maxine dellaBadia Simon
When considering the impact of regulation on healthcare, visualize a spider's web. The spider weaves sections together to create the whole, with each fiber adding to the structure to support its success or lead to its failure. Each section is dependent on the others, and all must be aligned to maintain the structure. Outside forces can cause a shift in the web's fragile equilibrium.The interdependence of the sections of the spider's web is similar to the way hospital departments and services work together. An organization's structure must be shaped to support its mission and vision...
2018: Frontiers of Health Services Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781681/the-management-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis-at-a-rural-regional-hospital-in-kwazulu-natal
#17
Nontobeko F M Ndebele, Mergan Naidoo
BACKGROUND:  Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a biochemical triad of hyperglycaemia, ketoacidosis and ketonaemia and one of the potentially life-threatening acute metabolic complications of diabetes mellitus. This study aimed at describing the clinical profile of patients presenting with DKA to a busy rural regional hospital in KwaZulu-Natal. METHODS:  A retrospective review of clinical notes of patients presenting with DKA to the Emergency Department was performed over a 10-month period...
March 22, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781557/supplier-induced-demand-for-urgent-after-hours-primary-care-services
#18
Thomas Longden, Jane Hall, Kees van Gool
Australia is one of nine Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries that utilise deputising services to provide after-hours primary care. While the provision of this service is supposed to be on behalf of regular general practitioners, businesses have adapted to the financial incentives on offer and are directly advertising their services to consumers emphasising patient convenience and no copayments. The introduction of corporate entities has changed the way that deputising services operate...
May 21, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780891/mind-body-skills-training-for-resident-wellness-a-pilot-study-of-a-brief-mindfulness-intervention
#19
Laura E Romcevich, Suzanne Reed, Stacy R Flowers, Kathi J Kemper, John D Mahan
Background: Interventions to address burnout include mind-body skills training (MBST), but few studies have evaluated the feasibility of MBST for busy pediatric residents. Objective: In this pilot study, we tested the feasibility of a brief MBST intervention, using in-person peer-led training supported by online modules, to decrease stress and burnout in pediatric resident physicians. Methods: Of 99 (10%) residents, 10 residents at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Ohio participated in up to four 90-minute MBST sessions more than 1 month, led by a co-resident with 5 years of informal training in mind-body skills...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779808/is-multi-level-marketing-of-nutrition-supplements-a-legal-and-an-ethical-practice
#20
Diana Cardenas, Vanessa Fuchs-Tarlovsky
BACKGROUND: Multi-level marketing (MLM) of nutrition products has experienced dramatic growth in recent decades. 'Wellness' is the second most popular niche in the MLM industry and represents 35% of sales among all the products in 2016. This category includes dietary supplements, weight management and sports nutrition products. The aim of this paper is to analyse whether this practice is legal and ethical. METHODS: An analysis of available documentary information about the legal aspects of Multi-level marketing business was performed...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
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