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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931168/socio-cultural-norms-and-roles-in-the-use-and-abuse-of-alcohol-among-members-of-a-rural-community-in-southeast-nigeria
#1
E N Nwagu, S I C Dibia, A N Odo
Social influences together with local cultural norms are central factors that can influence the use of alcohol. The study, therefore, identified socio-cultural norms and roles capable of influencing alcohol use among young people in an alcohol producing community, in Nigeria. We used qualitative technique - focused group discussions among selected key persons in the area of study. Three groups; adult males, adult females and youths were engaged in discussions around the themes of socio-cultural; norms, roles, beliefs, values and practices that influences alcohol abuse...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930801/findings-from-the-national-machine-guarding-program-safety-climate-hazard-assessment-and-safety-leadership-in-small-metal-fabrication-businesses
#2
David L Parker, Samuel Yamin, Min Xi, Robert Gordon, Ivan Most, Rod Stanley
OBJECTIVES: This manuscript assesses safety climate data from the National Machine Guarding Program (NMGP)-a nationwide intervention to improve machine safety. METHODS: Baseline safety climate surveys were completed by 2161 employees and 341 owners or managers at 115 businesses. A separate onsite audit of safety management practices and machine guarding equipment was conducted at each business. RESULTS: Safety climate measures were not correlated with machine guarding or safety management practices...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930007/economic-assessment-of-waterborne-outbreak-of-cryptosporidiosis
#3
Aksana Chyzheuskaya, Martin Cormican, Raghavendra Srivinas, Diarmuid O'Donovan, Martina Prendergast, Cathal O'Donoghue, Dearbháile Morris
In 2007, a waterborne outbreak of Cryptosporidium hominis infection occurred in western Ireland, resulting in 242 laboratory-confirmed cases and an uncertain number of unconfirmed cases. A boil water notice was in place for 158 days that affected 120,432 persons residing in the area, businesses, visitors, and commuters. This outbreak represented the largest outbreak of cryptosporidiosis in Ireland. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cost of this outbreak. We adopted a societal perspective in estimating costs associated with the outbreak...
October 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928512/determination-of-antioxidant-activity-of-hibiscus-sabdariffa-and-croton-caudatus-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-model-system
#4
Pattnaik Subhaswaraj, M Sowmya, V Bhavana, Madhu Dyavaiah, Busi Siddhardha
From ancient times, plants and plant derived products are exploited as a prominent source of folkloric medicines with tremendous therapeutic potential for an array of health disorders. In the present study, ethanolic leaf extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa and Croton caudatus were evaluated for free radical scavenging activity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae model system. H. sabdariffa and C. caudatus showed tremendous DPPH free radical scavenging potential with an IC50 value of 184.88 and 305.39 µg/mL respectively at a concentration of 500 µg/mL...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926390/misconceptions-misuses-and-misinterpretations-of-p-values-and-significance-testing
#5
Joel J Gagnier, Hal Morgenstern
The interpretation and reporting of p values and significance testing in biomedical research are fraught with misconceptions and inaccuracies. Publications of peer-reviewed research in orthopaedics are not immune to such problems. The American Statistical Association (ASA) recently published an official statement on the use, misuse, and misinterpretation of statistical testing and p values in applied research. The ASA statement discussed 6 principles: (1) "P-values can indicate how incompatible the data are with a specified statistical model...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926315/mri-arthroscopy-correlations-a-case-based-atlas-of-the-knee-shoulder-elbow-and-hip-edited-by-stephen-f-brockmeier-new-york-ny-springer-science-business-media-2015-isbn-978-1-4939-2644-2-hardcover-129-00-pp-481
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924282/overcrowding-and-possible-solutions-for-a-busy-paediatric-emergency-department
#7
Muhammad Irfan Habib, Khalid Mehmood Khan
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the extent of emergency department overcrowding in a tertiary care hospital and to identify possible solutions. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at the National Institute of Child Health, Karachi, and comprised data of all patients presenting to the emergency department from November 2014 to January 2015. Data was collected through the health management information system which generates daily report of patients. Patients who stayed at the emergency department for 4 or more hours were included...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923186/past-present-and-future-trends-in-sleep-duration-and-implications-for-public-health
#8
Lisa Matricciani, Yu Sun Bin, Tea Lallukka, Erkki Kronholm, Dorothea Dumuid, Catherine Paquet, Tim Olds
Sleep is important for the physical, social and mental well-being of both children and adults. Over the years, there has been a general presumption that sleep will inevitably decline with the increase in technology and a busy 24-hour modern lifestyle. This narrative review discusses the empirical evidence for secular trends in sleep duration and the implications of these trends.
October 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923069/perceived-barriers-and-enablers-to-participation-in-a-community-tailored-physical-activity-program-with-indigenous-australians-in-a-regional-and-rural-setting-a-qualitative-study
#9
Ashleigh Sushames, Terry Engelberg, Klaus Gebel
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have higher rates of chronic disease and a lower life expectancy than non-Indigenous Australians. In non-urban areas these health disparities are even larger. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore perceived barriers and enablers to attending an eight-week physical activity program in a rural and regional setting which aimed to improve health outcomes, but had a low attendance rate. METHODS: Thirty-four Indigenous Australians participated in the intervention from the rural (n = 12) and the regional (n = 22) community...
September 18, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922583/reluctant-entrepreneurs-musicians-and-entrepreneurship-in-the-new-music-industry
#10
Jo Haynes, Lee Marshall
Changing labour conditions in the creative industries - with celebrations of autonomy and entrepreneurialism intertwined with increasing job insecurity, portfolio careers and short-term, project-based contracts - are often interpreted as heralding changes to employment relations more broadly. The position of musicians' labour in relation to these changes is unclear, however, given that these kinds of conditions have defined musicians' working practices over much longer periods of time (though they may have intensified due to well-documented changes to the music industry brought about by digitization and disintermediation)...
September 18, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922383/timing-and-adequate-attendance-of-antenatal-care-visits-among-women-in-ethiopia
#11
Sanni Yaya, Ghose Bishwajit, Michael Ekholuenetale, Vaibhav Shah, Bernard Kadio, Ogochukwu Udenigwe
INTRODUCTION: Although ANC services are increasingly available to women in low and middle-income countries, their inadequate use persists. This suggests a misalignment between aims of the services and maternal beliefs and circumstances. Owing to the dearth of studies examining the timing and adequacy of content of care, this current study aims to investigate the timing and frequency of ANC visits in Ethiopia. METHODS: Data was obtained from the nationally representative 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) which used a two-stage cluster sampling design to provide estimates for the health and demographic variables of interest for the country...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922173/accommodating-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury-an-analysis-of-employer-initiated-cases-handled-by-the-job-accommodation-network
#12
D J Hendricks, Elaine Sampson
BACKGROUND: The Job Accommodation Network (JAN) has provided customized accommodation information to employers, individuals with disabilities, and their representatives (e.g., family, rehabilitation counselors, union representatives) since 1983. For each inquiry where such information is sought, detailed records are maintained regarding the type of inquiries made and the information provided. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the current study is to present a descriptive analysis of the employer-initiated cases related to traumatic brain injury (TBI) handled by the accommodation specialists at JAN during the five years from 2012 through 2016...
September 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922133/aligning-event-logs-to-task-time-matrix-clinical-pathways-in-bpmn-for-variance-analysis
#13
Hui Yan, Pieter Van Gorp, Uzay Kaymak, Xudong Lu, Lei Ji, Choo Chiap Chiau, Hendriks H M Korsten, Huilong Duan
Clinical pathways (CPs) are popular healthcare management tools to standardise care and ensure quality. Analysing CP compliance levels and variances is known to be useful for training and CP redesign purposes. Flexible semantics of the Business Process Model and Notation (BPMN) language has been shown to be useful for the modeling and analysis of complex protocols. However, in practical cases one may want to exploit that CPs often have the form of Task-Time matrices. This paper presents a new method parsing complex BPMN models and aligning traces to the models heuristically...
September 18, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920161/tapered-us-carbon-emissions-during-good-times-what-s-old-what-s-new
#14
Yoke-Kee Eng, Chin-Yoong Wong
In light of a slow buildup in CO2 emissions since the recovery, this paper revisits the relationship between CO2 emissions and the US economy using a nonlinear autoregressive distributed lag model, in which the determinants are identified through an expanded real business cycle model. We find convincing evidence that CO2 emissions decline more rapidly during recessions than increase during expansions over the long run. Of all determinants considered, long-run asymmetry is fostered once vehicle miles traveled is controlled...
September 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919641/in-house-or-outsourced-public-services-a-social-and-economic-analysis-of-the-impact-of-spending-policy-on-the-private-wage-share-in-oecd-countries
#15
Nicola Pensiero
This article analyses the relationship between government spending and the distribution of private income between capital and labour. While most previous research assumes that government spending redistributes in favour of the less wealthy, I distinguish between types of expenditures that enhance the bargaining position of labour - that is, unemployment benefits, public sector employment and investment in new capital - and labour-saving and pro-business types of expenditures - that is, outsourcing to private firms...
August 2017: International Journal of Comparative Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918942/withdrawn-relation-of-mean-platelet-volume-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-contrast-induced-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#16
Alparslan Kurtul, Selcuk Ozturk
This article has been withdrawn at the request of the author(s) and/or editor. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
August 8, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916412/-predatory-journals-threatening-the-scientific-medical-press
#17
O Laccourreye, F Rubin, H Maisonneuve
In this report, the authors analyze the revolutions (journal indexing, structuring of medical writing and reviewing, impact of information technology and transformation of the medical press's business model) that, in a very short space of time, have profoundly affected the world of medical writing, which has now come under the fire of "predatory" journals.
September 12, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916228/cellular-therapy-injections-in-today-s-orthopedic-market-a-social-media-analysis
#18
Prem N Ramkumar, Sergio M Navarro, Heather S Haeberle, Morad Chughtai, Christopher Demetriades, Nicolas S Piuzzi, Michael A Mont, Thomas W Bauer, George F Muschler
BACKGROUND: The current state of cellular therapy for musculoskeletal conditions is at a crossroads. Marketing efforts are often outpacing clinical evidence and regulatory control. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: This study was an effort to describe the marketing of cellular therapy in musculoskeletal medicine by evaluating the content in popular social media channels. Specifically, media posts were evaluated for the following: (1) perspective, (2) tone, (3) content and (4) visibility...
September 12, 2017: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913492/incorporating-airway-examination-photography-into-the-electronic-record
#19
Joshua W Sappenfield, Nik Gravenstein, Judith M Wishin, Chukwudi Obiora Chiaghana, David Smyth, Brenda G Fahy, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Laurie Davies, F Kayser Enneking
BACKGROUND: Photography of the airway has been used in research to validate preoperative airway assessment and the likelihood of identifying the difficult-to-mask ventilate and/or intubate patient. Up till now, no study has demonstrated the perceived utility of incorporation of airway photographs into the anesthesia preassessment. METHODS: The University of Florida Health Presurgical Clinic routinely incorporates three photographs of all adult patients during their preanesthesia visit...
April 2017: Rom J Anaesth Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910256/an-introduction-to-the-healthy-corner-store-intervention-model-in-canada
#20
Catherine L Mah, Leia M Minaker, Kristie Jameson, Lissie Rappaport, Krystal Taylor, Marketa Graham, Natalie Moody, Brian Cook
SETTING: The majority of Canadians' food acquisition occurs in retail stores. Retail science has become increasingly sophisticated in demonstrating how consumer environments influence population-level diet quality and health status. The retail food environment literature is new but growing rapidly in Canada, and there is a relative paucity of evidence from intervention research implemented in Canada. INTERVENTION: The healthy corner store model is a comprehensive complex population health intervention in small retail stores, intended to transform an existing business model to a health-promoting one through intersectoral collaboration...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
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