keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Spinal cord compression

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923686/high-speed-video-analysis-improves-the-accuracy-of-spinal-cord-compression-measurement-in-a-mouse-contusion-model
#1
Marion Fournely, Yvan Petit, Éric Wagnac, Jérôme Laurin, Virginie Callot, Pierre-Jean Arnoux
BACKGROUND: Animal models of spinal cord injuries aim to utilize controlled and reproducible conditions. However, a literature review reveals that mouse contusion studies using equivalent protocols may show large disparities in the observed impact force vs. cord compression relationship. The overall purpose of this study was to investigate possible sources of bias in these measurements. The specific objective was to improve spinal cord compression measurements using a video-based setup to detect the impactor-spinal cord time-to-contact...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922957/spinal-meninges-and-their-role-in-spinal-cord-injury-a-neuroanatomical-review
#2
Lukas Grassner, Andreas Grillhösl, Christoph Griessenauer, Claudius Thomé, Volker Bühren, Martin Strowitzki, Peter Winkler
Current recommendations support early surgical decompression and blood pressure augmentation after traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). Elevated intraspinal pressure (ISP), however, has probably been underestimated in the pathophysiology of SCI. Recent studies provide some evidence that ISP measurements and durotomy may be beneficial for individuals suffering from SCI. Compression of the spinal cord against the meninges in SCI patients causes a 'compartment-like' syndrome. In such cases, intentional durotomy with augmentative duroplasty to reduce ISP and improve spinal cord perfusion pressure may be indicated...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917256/postoperative-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-for-spinal-metastases
#3
Majed Alghamdi, Chia-Lin Tseng, Sten Myrehaug, Pejman Maralani, Chris Heyn, Hany Soliman, Young Lee, Mark Ruschin, Leodante Da Costa, Victor Yang, Mikki Campbell, Arjun Sahgal
Spine is a common site of metastases in cancer patients. Spine surgery is indicated for select patients, typically those with mechanical instability and/or malignant epidural spinal cord (or cauda equina) compression. Although post-operative conventional palliative external beam radiation therapy has been the standard of care, technical improvements in radiation planning and image-guided radiotherapy have allowed for the application of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) to the spine. Spine SBRT is intended to ablate residual tumor and optimize local control by delivering several fold greater biologically effective doses...
September 2017: Chinese Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913819/emergency-neurologic-life-support-spinal-cord-compression
#4
Kristine H O'Phelan
There are many causes of acute myelopathy including multiple sclerosis, systemic disease, and acute spinal cord compression (SCC). SCC should be among the first potential causes considered given the significant permanent loss of neurologic function commonly associated with SCC. This impairment can occur over a short period of time, and may be avoided through rapid and acute surgical intervention. Patients with SCC typically present with a combination of motor and sensory dysfunction that has a distribution referable to a spinal level...
September 14, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913395/simultaneous-bilateral-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-morquio-syndrome
#5
Imran Ilyas, Syed Kashif, Samar Rabbani, Husam A Alrumaih
A 16-year-old girl who had Morquio syndrome presented with severe bilateral hip pain and limited mobility because of bilateral hip osteoarthritis and fixed flexion deformities. She was wheelchair bound for the previous 6 months. Cervical spine flexion-extension views showed mild subluxation (<3 mm), and there was thoracolumbar spine kyphosis. Magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical and thoracolumbar spine showed hypoplasia of the odontoid and vertebral bodies, but no spinal cord compression. Bilateral cemented total hip arthroplasty was performed through a posterior approach under general anesthesia with fiberoptic intubation...
September 2017: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905370/neuromodulation-and-devices-in-trigeminal-neuralgia
#6
Kevin Weber
PREMISE: Trigeminal neuralgia is a severe facial pain disorder that has been studied for decades. Classical trigeminal neuralgia (CTN) is either idiopathic or caused by neurovascular compression. The related painful trigeminal neuropathies are often secondary to other causes, such as multiple sclerosis or trauma. PROBLEM: Therapies for trigeminal neuralgia and neuropathy have often been pharmacologic or surgical. Pharmacologic therapies are not effective in some cases and often cause side effects, some substantial...
September 14, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904699/primary-spinal-marginal-zone-lymphoma-an-unusual-cause-of-spinal-cord-compression
#7
Zeineb Alaya, Béchir Achour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904564/the-role-of-pre-reduction-mri-in-the-management-of-complex-cervical-spine-fracture-dislocations-an-ongoing-controversy
#8
Sergiu Botolin, Todd F VanderHeiden, Ernest E Moore, Herbert Fried, Philip F Stahel
BACKGROUND: Cervical spine fracture-dislocations in neurologically intact patients represent a surgical challenge due to the risk of inflicting iatrogenic spinal cord compression by closed reduction maneuvers. The use of MRI for early advanced imaging in these injuries remains controversially debated. CASE PRESENTATION: A 54-year old man sustained a fall over the handlebars of his racing bicycle. The helmeted patient sustained a fall on his head which resulted in a hyperflexion injury of the neck...
2017: Patient Safety in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902102/post-traumatic-spinal-hygroma-causing-cord-compression-in-type-iii-odontoid-fracture-with-vertical-atlantoaxial-instability
#9
Salvatore Russo, Antonio Belli, Andy Eynon, Ali Nader-Sepahi
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVE: To report the first case in the literature of a traumatic cervical spine subdural cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collection (hygroma) under tension causing cord compression. We suggest etiopathogenesis and modality of treatment. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Hygromas are subdural cranial CSF collection. A literature review showed no previous published case of post-traumatic spinal hygroma. This was a potential life-threatening sequelae of a high cervical injury that warranted early diagnosis and emergency treatment...
September 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900263/physicochemical-stability-and-transfection-efficiency-of-cationic-amphiphilic-copolymer-pdna-polyplexes-for-spinal-cord-injury-repair
#10
So-Jung Gwak, Christian Macks, Sooneon Bae, Noah Cecil, Jeoung Soo Lee
Multiple age-related and injury-induced characteristics of the adult central nervous system (CNS) pose barriers to axonal regeneration and functional recovery following injury. In situ gene therapy is a promising approach to address the limited availability of growth-promoting biomolecules at CNS injury sites. The ultimate goal of our work is to develop, a cationic amphiphilic copolymer for simultaneous delivery of drug and therapeutic nucleic acids to promote axonal regeneration and plasticity after spinal cord injury...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894681/preoperative-computed-tomography-myelography-parameters-as-predictors-of-outcome-in-patients-with-degenerative-cervical-myelopathy-results-of-a-systematic-review
#11
Feras J Waly, Fahad H Abduljabbar, Maryse Fortin, Anas Nooh, Michael Weber
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. OBJECTIVES: To determine the preoperative computed tomography (CT) myelogram imaging parameters in patients diagnosed with degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) that correlate with severity of DCM and predict postoperative patients' functional outcome. METHODS: An electronic database search was performed using Ovid Medline and Embase. CT myelogram studies investigating the correlation between imaging characteristics and DCM severity or postoperative outcomes were included...
September 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892202/syringomyelia-and-craniocervical-junction-abnormalities-in-chihuahuas
#12
A-M Kiviranta, C Rusbridge, O Laitinen-Vapaavuori, A Hielm-Björkman, A K Lappalainen, S P Knowler, T S Jokinen
BACKGROUND: Chiari-like malformation (CM) and syringomyelia (SM) are widely reported in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels and Griffon Bruxellois dogs. Increasing evidence indicates that CM and SM also occur in other small and toy breed dogs, such as Chihuahuas. OBJECTIVES: To describe the presence of SM and craniocervical junction (CCJ) abnormalities in Chihuahuas and to evaluate the possible association of CCJ abnormalities with SM. To describe CM/SM-related clinical signs and neurologic deficits and to investigate the association of CM/SM-related clinical signs with signalment, SM, or CCJ abnormalities...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890806/postlaminectomy-membrane-with-dynamic-spinal-cord-compression-disclosed-with-computed-tomographic-myelography-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Takahiro Kitahara, Junya Hanakita, Toshiyuki Takahashi
INTRODUCTION: It has been hypothesized that postoperative epidural scar, postlaminectomy membrane, may be responsible for late neurological deterioration after cervical laminectomy in some cases, but there is a lack of radiological studies in the literature showing the clinical significance of postlaminectomy membrane. We describe a rare case with radiological evidence of dynamic spinal cord compression caused by the postlaminectomy membrane, which may have been related to neurological deterioration...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889992/astrocytic-expression-of-the-cxcl12-receptor-cxcr7-ackr3-is-a-hallmark-of-the-diseased-but-not-developing-cns
#14
Malte Puchert, Fabian Pelkner, Gregor Stein, Doychin N Angelov, Johannes Boltze, Daniel-Christoph Wagner, Francesca Odoardi, Alexander Flügel, Wolfgang J Streit, Jürgen Engele
Based on our previous demonstration of CXCR7 as the major mediator of CXCL12 signaling in cultured astrocytes, we have now compared astrocytic expression of the CXCL12 receptors, CXCR7 and CXCR4, during CNS development and disease. In addition, we asked whether disease-associated conditions/factors affect expression of CXCL12 receptors in astrocytes. In the late embryonic rat brain, CXCR7(+)/GFAP(+) cells were restricted to the ventricular/subventricular zone while CXCR4 was widely absent from GFAP-positive cells...
September 7, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887080/a-rare-case-of-metastatic-extramammary-paget-disease-of-the-spine-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
A Karim Ahmed, C Rory Goodwin, Nancy Abu-Bonsrah, Doreen Nguyen, Daniel M Sciubba
Extramammary Paget disease is an intraepithelial neoplasm affecting cells rich in apocrine glands-often located in the vulvar, scrotal, or perianal region. It typically affects older patients, between the ages of 50 and 80years old, and is most often limited to the epidermis. A 47-year-old Asian male first presented with enlargement of the right inguinal lymph node. A subsequent biopsy revealed extrammamary Paget disease of the scrotum. The patient eventually developed significant worsening back pain with bilateral lower extremity numbness and weakness three months later...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885124/thoracic-spinal-cord-impingement-by-an-arachnoid-web-at-the-level-of-a-hemivertebra-case-report
#16
Molly E Hubbard, Matthew A Hunt, Kristen E Jones, David W Polly
Congenital scoliosis due to a hemivertebra requires surgical stabilization prior to skeletal maturity if rapidly progressive curve growth occurs. Here the authors present the unique case of a man who, at the age of 12 years, had undergone Harrington rod placement for stabilization of progressive congenital scoliosis due to a T-11 hemivertebra and then, at the age of 53 years, presented with acutely progressive myelopathy due to spinal cord compression from an arachnoid web at T-11 despite a solid fusion mass at the prior surgical site...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884071/increased-risk-of-sses-in-bone-only-metastatic-breast-cancer-patients-treated-with-zoledronic-acid
#17
Masashi Yanae, Shinichiro Fujimoto, Kaori Tane, Maki Tanioka, Kimiko Fujiwara, Masanobu Tsubaki, Yuzuru Yamazoe, Yoshiyuki Morishima, Yasutaka Chiba, Shintaro Takao, Yoshifumi Komoike, Junji Tsurutani, Kazuhiko Nakagawa, Shozo Nishida
BACKGROUND: Bone represents one of the most common sites to which breast cancer cells metastasize. Patients experience skeletal related adverse events (pathological fractures, spinal cord compressions, and irradiation for deteriorated pain on bone) even during treatment with zoledronic acid (ZA). Therefore, we conducted a retrospective cohort study to investigate the predictive factors for symptomatic skeletal events (SSEs) in bone-metastasized breast cancer (b-MBC) patients. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data on b-MBC patients treated with ZA...
September 2017: Journal of Bone Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882602/neurosurgical-aspects-of-dialysis-related-spinal-amyloidosis-report-of-three-cases-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#18
M Dalolio, F Lucarella, P Rampini, G P Bulfamante, S Aldea, P Graveleau, S Gaillard, P Scarone
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Osteoarticular manifestations of beta-2 microglobulin amyloidosis are often diagnosed in long-term dialyzed patients. However, spinal involvement is rare (10-25% of patients), and generally not associated with neurological deterioration. Compression of the spinal cord or roots is extremely rare, and probably under-recognized. METHODS: The authors describe three cases of spinal stenosis presenting with neurological signs in long-term dialyzed patients, prospectively collected over 2 years in two different institutions and treated by surgical decompression...
September 4, 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881529/-results-for-the-treatment-of-fresh-type-thoracolumbar-vertebral-fracture-according-to-the-intraoperative-ct-scan
#19
Y W Li, H J Wang, Y S Wang, W Cui
Objective: To evaluate the value of intraoperative CT scanning in the treatment of fresh thoracolumbar burst fractures. Methods: From January 2008 to January 2015 , 161 patients with thoracolumbar fractures in Department of Orthopedics, Luohe City Central Hospital, were divided into two groups: 79 cases were treatment group which were treated with intraoperative CT scan and decompression mode was determined according to CT scan results during the period from October 2012 to January 2015. 82 patients as the observation group were treated without intraoperative CT scan and direct laminectomy were performed during the period...
September 5, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881124/minimally-invasive-anterior-decompression-technique-without-instrumented-fusion-for-huge-ossification-of-the-posterior-longitudinal-ligament-in-the-thoracic-spine-technical-note-and-literature-review
#20
Jae Won Yu, Sang-O Yun, Chang-Sheng Hsieh, Sang-Ho Lee
OBJECTIVE: Several surgical methods have been reported for treatment of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) in the thoracic spine. Despite rapid innovation of instruments and techniques for spinal surgery, the postoperative outcomes are not always favorable. This article reports a minimally invasive anterior decompression technique without instrumented fusion, which was modified from the conventional procedure. The authors present 2 cases of huge beak-type OPLL...
September 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
keyword
keyword
17247
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"