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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786683/-the-application-of-kinesiotaping-for-the-rehabilitation-of-the-post-stroke-patients
#1
V I Berezutsky
This review of the scientific literature was designed to consider the prospects for the application of kinesiotaping for the rehabilitation of the post-stroke patients. The relevance of the work arises from the absence of a systemic analysis of the large number of investigations that have been carried out during the past two years. The objective of the present review article was to evaluate the influence of kinesiotaping on the health status of the post-stroke patients and the course of their rehabilitative treatment based on the results of analysis of the scientific reports published during the period from 2015 to 2017...
May 21, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786609/comparison-of-trapped-charges-and-hysteresis-behavior-in-hbn-encapsulated-single-mos-sub-2-sub-flake-based-field-effect-transistors-on-sio-sub-2-sub-and-hbn-substrates
#2
Changhee Lee, Servin Rathi, Muhammad Atif Khan, Dongsuk Lim, Yunseob Kim, Sun Jin Yun, Doo-Hyeb Youn, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, Gil-Ho Kim
Molybdenum disulfide (MoS<sub>2</sub>) based field effect transistors (FETs) are of considerable interest in electronic and opto-electronic applications but often have large hysteresis and threshold voltage instabilities. In this study, by using advanced transfer techniques, hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) encapsulated FETs based on a single, homogeneous and atomic-thin MoS<sub>2</sub> flake are fabricated on hBN and SiO<sub>2</sub> substrates...
May 22, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786431/ultrasonic-assisted-spin-coating-improved-junction-by-enhanced-permeation-of-coating-material-within-nanostructures
#3
Jong-Won Yun, Farman Ullah, Se-Jeong Jang, Do Hui Kim, Tri Khoa Nguyen, Ki Yeon Ryu, Shinuk Cho, Joon I Jang, Dooyong Lee, Sungkyun Park, Yong Soo Kim
Over the last decades, the spin coating (SC) technique has been widely used to prepare thin films of various materials in liquid phase on arbitrary substrates. The technique simply relies on centrifugal force to spread a coating solution radially outwards over the substrate. This mechanism works fairly well for solutions with low surface tension to form thin films of reasonable junctions on smooth substrates. Here, we present a modified SC technique, namely ultrasonic-assisted spin-coating (UASC), to form thin films of coating solution having high surface tension on rough substrates with excellent junctions...
May 22, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785654/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-use-of-resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-in-the-management-of-major-exsanguination
#4
REVIEW
B L S Borger van der Burg, Thijs T C F van Dongen, J J Morrison, P P A Hedeman Joosten, J J DuBose, T M Hörer, R Hoencamp
BACKGROUND: Circulatory collapse is a leading cause of mortality among traumatic major exsanguination and in ruptured aortic aneurysm patients. Approximately 40% of patients die before hemorrhage control is achieved. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is an adjunct designed to sustain the circulation until definitive surgical or endovascular repair. A systematic review was conducted for the current clinical use of REBOA in patients with hemodynamic instability and to discuss its potential role in improving prehospital and in-hospital outcome...
May 21, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785590/clinical-application-of-a-minimally-invasive-cement-augmentable-schanz-screw-rod-system-to-treat-pelvic-ring-fractures
#5
Paul Schmitz, Florian Baumann, Yves P Acklin, Boyko Gueorguiev, Michael Nerlich, Stephan Grechenig, Michael Bernd Müller
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to analyze the results using the USS fracture MIS system (DePuy Synthes) to treat instable pelvic ring fractures. As its outstanding feature, it is the only Schanz screw and rod system at present that combines angular stability, perforation/fenestration of the screws for cement-augmentation, a variable screw length, and a large screw diameter. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective investigation of 134 pelvic ring fractures treated in 2012-2013...
May 21, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785160/observational-study-of-the-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis-of-jaws
#6
Andreea Elena Lungu, Madalina Anca Lazar, Andrada Tonea, Horatiu Rotaru, Rares Calin Roman, Mindra Eugenia Badea
Introduction: The bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw was first referred to in 2003. Bisphosphonates action is focused on the osteoclasts. The drastic inhibition of the osteoclastic function is harmful for the jaws which are the only bones of the human skeleton in relative contact with the external environment. The adverse effects of the bisphosphonate-related therapy include the pathology for which they are prescribed, the atypical fractures in pathological bone. Method: The aim of this research was to analyze the risk factors and the treatment methods in case of osteonecrosis of the jaws...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785106/sn38-loaded-100-nm-targeted-liposomes-for-improving-poor-solubility-and-minimizing-burst-release-and-toxicity-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-study
#7
Yi-Ping Fang, Chih-Hung Chuang, Yi-Jhun Wu, Hsin-Che Lin, Yun-Chi Lu
Background: SN38 (7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin) is a camptothecin derivative acts against various tumors. However, SN38 is hydrolyzed in the physiological environment (pH 7.4), and this instability interferes with its potential therapeutic effect. Our objective was to investigate SN38-loaded liposomes to overcome the poor solubility of SN38 and its biodistribution, which further diminish its toxicity. Materials and methods: The sub-100 nm targeted liposomes was employed to deliver SN-38 and evaluate the characterization, release behaviors, cytotoxicity, in vivo pharmacokinetics and biochemical assay...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785067/-in-silico-physicochemical-characterization-and-topology-analysis-of-respiratory-burst-oxidase-homolog-rboh-proteins-from-arabidopsis-and-rice
#8
Gurpreet Kaur, Pratap Kumar Pati
NADPH oxidase (NOX) is a key enzyme involved in the production of apoplastic superoxide (O2-), a type of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Plant Noxes are the homologs of mammalian NADPH oxidase's catalytic subunit and are documented as respiratory burst oxidase homologs (Rbohs). A number of studies have reported their diverse functions in combating various stresses and in plant growth and development. In the present study, a total of 19 Rboh proteins (10 from Arabidopsis thaliana and 9 from Oryza sativa Japonica) were analyzed...
2018: Bioinformation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784962/carrier-thermometry-of-cold-ytterbium-atoms-in-an-optical-lattice-clock
#9
Chengyin Han, Min Zhou, Xiaohang Zhang, Qi Gao, Yilin Xu, Shangyan Li, Shuang Zhang, Xinye Xu
The ultracold atomic gas serving as the quantum reference is a key part of an optical lattice clock, and the temperature of atoms in the optical lattice affects the uncertainty and instability of the optical lattice clocks. Since the carrier spectrum of the clock transition in the lattices reflects the thermal dynamics of cold atoms, the temperature of atoms can be extracted from the carrier spectrum in a non-magic wavelength lattice of ytterbium optical clocks. Furthermore, the temperatures obtained from the carrier spectra are in good agreement with the results obtained by the time-of-flight method and thermometry based on the sideband spectrum...
May 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784738/optimizing-adjuvant-therapy-for-localized-colon-cancer-and-treatment-selection-in-advanced-colorectal-cancer
#10
Axel Grothey, Alan P Venook
Results from the pivotal IDEA trial, which evaluated 3 versus 6 months of adjuvant oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy, are incorporated into the NCCN Guidelines for Colon Cancer. The guidelines recommend that for patients with low-risk stage III disease, the preferred regimen is CAPEOX for 3 months or FOLFOX for 3 to 6 months. For patients with high-risk stage III disease, the preferred regimen is CAPEOX for 3 to 6 months or FOLFOX for 6 months. In metastatic disease, tumor sidedness should be a consideration when choosing a biologic...
May 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784668/centrosome-linker-induced-tetraploid-segregation-errors-link-rhabdoid-phenotypes-and-lethal-colorectal-cancers
#11
Andrea Remo, Erminia Manfrin, Pietro Parcesepe, Alberto Ferrarini, Hye Seung Han, Mickys Ugnius, Carmelo Laudanna, Michele Simbolo, Donatella Malanga, Duarte Mendes Oliveira, Elisabetta Baritono, Tommaso Colangelo, Lina Sabatino, Jacopo Giuliani, Enrico Molinari, Marianna Garonzi, Luciano Xumerle, Massimo Delledonne, Guido Giordano, Claudio Ghimenton, Fortunato Lonardo, Fulvio D'angelo, Federica Grillo, Luca Mastracci, Giuseppe Viglietto, Michele Ceccarelli, Vittorio Colantuoni, Aldo Scarpa, Massimo Pancione
Centrosome anomalies contribute to tumorigenesis but it remains unclear how they are generated in lethal cancer phenotypes. Here, it is demonstrated that human microsatellite instable (MSI) and BRAF(V600E) mutant colorectal cancers with a lethal rhabdoid phenotype are characterized by inactivation of centrosomal functions. A splice site mutation that causes an unbalanced dosage of rootletin (CROCC), a centrosomal-linker component required for centrosome cohesion and separation at the chromosome 1p36.13 locus, resulted in abnormally shaped centrosomes in rhabdoid cells from human colon tissues...
May 21, 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784473/tailbone-pain-from-coccyx-injuries-on-water-slides-a-case-series
#12
Patrick M Foye, Dena M Abdelshahed, Evish Kamrava, Renee Enriquez, Gerard J D'Onofrio
BACKGROUND: Water slides and rides are increasingly popular attractions at amusement parks. There has been some documentation of various patterns of injury associated with these rides, most notably vaginal injuries caused by water jets. But we find no previous medical publications reporting the association between water slides/rides with coccydynia (coccyx pain) and tailbone injuries. CASE REPORT: Our purpose in this case report was to assess for an association between water slides/rides with injuries to the coccyx causing coccyx pain...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783979/lynch-syndrome-associated-endometrial-carcinoma-with-mlh1-germline-mutation-and-mlh1-promoter-hypermethylation-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Takanori Yokoyama, Kazuhiro Takehara, Nao Sugimoto, Keika Kaneko, Etsuko Fujimoto, Mika Okazawa-Sakai, Shinichi Okame, Yuko Shiroyama, Takashi Yokoyama, Norihiro Teramoto, Shozo Ohsumi, Shinya Saito, Kazuho Imai, Kokichi Sugano
BACKGROUND: Lynch syndrome is an autosomal dominant inherited disease caused by germline mutations in mismatch repair genes. Analysis for microsatellite instability (MSI) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) of protein expressions of disease-associated genes is used to screen for Lynch syndrome in endometrial cancer patients. When losses of both MLH1 and PMS2 proteins are observed by IHC, MLH1 promoter methylation analysis is conducted to distinguish Lynch syndrome-associated endometrial cancer from sporadic cancer...
May 21, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782991/beneficial-and-paradoxical-roles-of-selenium-at-nutritional-levels-of-intake-in-healthspan-and-longevity
#14
REVIEW
Li Zhang, Huawei Zeng, Wen-Hsing Cheng
Accumulation of genome and macromolecule damage is a hallmark of aging, age-associated degeneration, and genome instability syndromes. Although processes of aging are irreversible, they can be modulated by genome maintenance pathways and environmental factors such as diet. Selenium (Se) confers its physiological functions mainly through selenoproteins, but Se compounds and other proteins that incorporate Se nonspecifically also impact optimal health. Bruce Ames proposed that the aging process could be mitigated by a subset of low-hierarchy selenoproteins whose levels are preferentially reduced in response to Se deficiency...
May 18, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782540/monte-carlo-simulations-of-microtubule-arrays-the-critical-roles-of-rescue-transitions-the-cell-boundary-and-tubulin-concentration-in-shaping-microtubule-distributions
#15
Lynne Cassimeris, Jessica C Leung, David J Odde
Microtubules are dynamic polymers required for a number of processes, including chromosome movement in mitosis. While regulators of microtubule dynamics have been well characterized, we lack a convenient way to predict how the measured dynamic parameters shape the entire microtubule system within a cell, or how the system responds when specific parameters change in response to internal or external signals. Here we describe a Monte Carlo model to simulate an array of dynamic microtubules from parameters including the cell radius, total tubulin concentration, microtubule nucleation rate from the centrosome, and plus end dynamic instability...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782446/minimally-invasive-proximal-interphalangeal-joint-arthrodesis-using-headless-screw-surgical-technique
#16
Elizabeth A Newman, Maria C Orbay, Fiesky A Nunez, Fiesky Nunez
Proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint arthritis causes debilitating hand pain and instability leading to significant functional impairment. Arthrodesis remains the gold standard for treatment of PIP arthritis. We present a minimally invasive PIP arthrodesis that provides rigid fixation with a headless compression screw. Seven patients who presented to the senior author with PIP joint arthritis underwent PIP arthrodesis by minimally invasive technique. A 1 cm transverse incision is made over the PIP joint, incising skin, central band, and articular capsule...
June 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782298/orthopedic-and-cutaneous-reactions-to-nickel-after-total-hip-replacement
#17
Domagoj Delimar, Ivan Bohaček, Zrinjka Paštar, Jasna Lipozenčić
Implant degradation products have shown signs of a cutaneous allergic response after implantation of a metal orthopedic replacement, loosening and failure of the joints as well as skin rashes, general fatigue, pain, and impaired wounds and bone healing. The prevalence of contact skin sensitivity in patients with a joint replacement device is higher than that in the general population. This delayed hypersensitivity to metallic orthopedic implants is more clearly defined and is a contributing factor to implant failure...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781910/superior-baseplate-inclination-is-associated-with-instability-after-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#18
Robert Z Tashjian, Brook I Martin, Cassandra A Ricketts, Heath B Henninger, Erin K Granger, Peter N Chalmers
BACKGROUND: Instability is the most common complication after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA). In the native glenohumeral joint, in addition to full dislocations, more subtle forms of instability exist. However, the incidence of more subtle forms of instability, the factors associated with instability, and the effect of instability on validated outcome scores after rTSA remain poorly understood. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) After rTSA, what is the risk of instability, including more subtle forms of subjective instability? (2) What are the factors associated with instability? (3) Are more subtle forms of instability associated with lower American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) functional outcome scores than those patients without instability? METHODS: A total of 168 rTSAs were performed during the study period...
May 17, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781789/the-influence-of-wearing-ski-boots-with-different-rigidity-characteristics-on-postural-control
#19
Frédéric Noé, Xavier García-Massó, Pauline Delaygue, Audrey Melon, Thierry Paillard
External supports that reduce ankle joint mobility such as ski-boots can impair postural control of healthy participants. Although this disruptive effect has been attributed to the rigidity of the external supports, the results remained controversial and no study has been conducted in order to evaluate the influence of ski-boots rigidity. Hence, the question about the influence of ankle support rigidity on postural control remains open. This study was therefore undertaken in order to investigate the effect of ski-boots rigidity on postural control...
May 21, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781783/clinical-and-radiological-outcome-of-non-surgical-management-of-thoracic-and-lumbar-spinal-fracture-dislocations-a-historical-analysis-in-the-era-of-modern-spinal-surgery
#20
Andrei Fernandes Joaquim, Gregory D Schroeder, Alpesh A Patel, Alexander R Vaccaro
CONTEXT: It is well established that traumatic spinal dislocations (AO Type C injuries) should be surgically treated. However, no recent comparative study of surgical versus non-surgical management of type C injuries was found attesting the superiority of surgical treatment. OBJECTIVE: Due to the lack of information about the natural history of non-surgical management of type C injuries, we evaluated the outcome of historical conservative treatment of type C injuries...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
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