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Vitamin d deficiency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908378/vitamin-d-deficiency-and-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-women
#1
H Aydogmus, U S Demirdal
OBJECTIVE: The association of vitamin D deficiency and pelvic floor dysfunction has been examined by numerous studies. Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) associated with bladder filling and voiding functions are common in both sexes. A recent study reports a higher incidence of LTUS in men over 50 years old with vitamin D deficiency. The aim of the study is to investigate whether there is a difference in the Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms frequency between women with vitamin D deficiency and the control group or not...
June 9, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905969/vitamin-d-supplementation-in-elderly-black-women-does-not-prevent-bone-loss-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
John F Aloia, Melissa Fazzari, Shahidul Islam, Mageda Mikhail, Subhashini Katumuluwa, Ruban Dhaliwal, Alexandra Stolberg, Gianina Usera, Louis Ragolia
Black Americans have lower levels of serum 25(OH)D but superior bone health compared to white Americans. There is controversy over whether they should be screened for vitamin D deficiency and have higher vitamin D requirements than recommended by the Institute of Medicine (IOM). The purpose of this trial was to determine whether Vitamin D supplementation in elderly black women prevents bone loss. 260 healthy black American women, 60 years of age and older were recruited to take part in a two arm, double-dummy 3 year RCT of vitamin D3 vs...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904877/relationship-between-severity-of-migraine-and-vitamin-d-deficiency-a-case-control-study
#3
Laura Rapisarda, Maria Rosaria Mazza, Federico Tosto, Antonio Gambardella, Francesco Bono, Alessia Sarica
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904757/are-current-guidelines-for-sun-protection-optimal-for-health-exploring-the-evidence
#4
Robyn M Lucas, Rachel E Neale, Sasha Madronich, Richard L McKenzie
Exposure of the skin to ultraviolet (UV) radiation is the main risk factor for skin cancer, and a major source of vitamin D, in many regions of the world. Sun protection messages to minimize skin cancer risks but avoid vitamin D deficiency are challenging, partly because levels of UV radiation vary by location, season, time of day, and atmospheric conditions. The UV Index provides information on levels of UV radiation and is a cornerstone of sun protection guidelines. Current guidelines from the World Health Organization are that sun protection is required only when the UV Index is 3 or greater...
June 15, 2018: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904613/prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-pain-in-association-with-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Mohammad J Alkhatatbeh, Khalid K Abdul-Razzak, Lubna Q Khasawneh, Nesreen A Saadeh
The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in association with 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels, anxiety, depression and neuropathy. A cross-sectional study was conducted involving a total of 124 T2DM patients. Musculoskeletal pain was determined by self-reporting of painful body sites. Pain intensity was assessed using a scale of 0-10. Anxiety and depression were assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Neuropathy was assessed using the PainDETECT questionnaire...
June 2018: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904568/hormonal-and-dietary-factors-in-acne-vulgaris-versus-controls
#6
Thomas Jonathan Stewart, Carl Bazergy
Background : Acne vulgaris is an inflammatory skin disorder with not as yet fully understood pathogenesis. In this controlled study, we assessed acne vulgaris patients for several possible pathogenic factors such as vitamin D deficiency, vegan diet, increased body mass index (BMI) and positive anti-transglutaminase antibody. Methods : We screened 10 years of records at a family medicine clinic for patients diagnosed with acne vulgaris. In eligible subjects, we collected data regarding 25-hydroxylvitamin D levels, BMI, dietary preference and serum IgA tissue transglutaminase levels...
2018: Dermato-endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904370/vitamin-d-supplementation-guidelines-for-general-population-and-groups-at-risk-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-poland-recommendations-of-the-polish-society-of-pediatric-endocrinology-and-diabetes-and-the-expert-panel-with-participation-of-national-specialist-consultants
#7
REVIEW
Agnieszka Rusińska, Paweł Płudowski, Mieczysław Walczak, Maria K Borszewska-Kornacka, Artur Bossowski, Danuta Chlebna-Sokół, Justyna Czech-Kowalska, Anna Dobrzańska, Edward Franek, Ewa Helwich, Teresa Jackowska, Maria A Kalina, Jerzy Konstantynowicz, Janusz Książyk, Andrzej Lewiński, Jacek Łukaszkiewicz, Ewa Marcinowska-Suchowierska, Artur Mazur, Izabela Michałus, Jarosław Peregud-Pogorzelski, Hanna Romanowska, Marek Ruchała, Piotr Socha, Mieczysław Szalecki, Mirosław Wielgoś, Danuta Zwolińska, Arkadiusz Zygmunt
Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency is an important public health problem worldwide. Vitamin D deficiency confers a significant risk for both skeletal and non-skeletal disorders and a number of lifelong negative health outcomes. The objectives of this evidence-based guidelines document are to provide health care professionals in Poland, an updated recommendation for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of vitamin D deficiency. Methods: A systematic literature search examining the prevention and treatment strategies for vitamin D deficiency was conducted...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903718/calcitriol-accelerates-vascular-calcification-irrespective-of-vitamin-k-status-in-a-rat-model-of-ckd-with-hyperphosphatemia-and-secondary-hyperparathyroidism
#8
Kristin M McCabe, Jason G Zelt, Martin Kaufmann, Kimberly Laverty, Emilie Ward, Henry Barron, Glenville Jones, Michael A Adams, Rachel M Holden
Patients with chronic kidney disease have a markedly increased risk for developing cardiovascular disease. Non-traditional risk factors, such as increased phosphate retention, and deficiencies in vitamins D and K metabolism, likely play key roles in the development of vascular calcification during CKD progression. Calcitriol (1,25-(OH)2-D3) is a key transcriptional regulator of Matrix Gla protein (MGP), a vitamin K dependent protein that inhibits vascular calcification. The objective of this study was to determine if calcitriol treatment could inhibit the development of vascular calcification and if this inhibition was dependent on vitamin K status in a rat model of CKD...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903686/do-specialized-bariatric-multivitamins-lower-deficiencies-after-rygb
#9
Wendy Schijns, Lisanne T Schuurman, Alida Melse-Boonstra, Cees J H M van Laarhoven, Frits J Berends, Edo O Aarts
BACKGROUND: One of the side effects of bariatric surgery is the risk of vitamin and mineral deficiencies. Vitamin B12, vitamin D, folate, and iron deficiencies are especially common among Roux-en-Y gastric bypass patients. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of a specialized multivitamin supplement for Roux-en-Y gastric bypass patients on deficiencies the first 3 years postoperatively, retrospectively in a large, prospectively collected cohort. SETTING: Large specialized bariatric hospital...
April 3, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903176/-follow-up-study-on-diet-folic-acid-and-iron-status-in-358-cases-of-uighur-pregnant-women-from-xinjiang-kashi
#10
Tuerxunjiang Maimaitiming, Xiaojun Wang, Camila Tuerxunjiang, Yanqiong Yang, Dilihuomaer Wuerkaixi, Jinfen Pu, Li Wang, Liuqianzi Yan
OBJECTIVE: To understand the dietary intake situation of Uighur pregnant women, investigate folic acid level and its influencing factors, to provide evidence for health education of maternal nutrition and implementation of proper nutrition, balanceddiet guidance. METHODS: 358 cases of Uighur trimester pregnant women for the study, took the method of 3 d 24 h dietary recall to survey their dietary and collect blood samples. The Hb was detected by the cyanide methemoglobinmethod...
July 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900787/suspected-hypovitaminosis-a-associated-salt-gland-adenitis-in-northern-rockhopper-penguins-eudyptes-moseleyi
#11
Adam D Naylor, Romain Pizzi, Georgina Cole, Linda R Morrison, Simon J Girling
  Supraorbital salt-excreting glands are present in at least 10 avian orders and are largest in marine species, including penguins. Diseases of the avian salt gland have been described infrequently. From September 2015, five captive northern rockhopper penguins ( Eudyptes moseleyi) were presented over a 6-wk period for unilateral or bilateral supraorbital swellings. In September 2016, two cases recurred and two additional cases were identified. Histopathology demonstrated salt gland adenitis with extensive squamous metaplasia...
June 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899251/the-consumption-of-dairy-and-its-association-with-nutritional-status-in-the-south-east-asian-nutrition-surveys-seanuts
#12
Khanh Le Nguyen Bao, Sandjaja Sandjaja, Bee Koon Poh, Nipa Rojroongwasinkul, Chinh Nguyen Huu, Edith Sumedi, Jamil Nor Aini, Sayamon Senaprom, Paul Deurenberg, Marjolijn Bragt, Ilse Khouw
Despite a major decrease in undernutrition worldwide over the last 25 years, underweight and stunting in children still persist as public health issues especially in Africa and Asia. Adequate nutrition is one of the key factors for healthy growth and development of children. In this study, the associations between dairy consumption and nutritional status in the South East Asian Nutrition Survey (SEANUTS) were investigated. National representative data of 12,376 children in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam aged between 1 and 12 years were pooled, representing nearly 88 million children in this age category...
June 13, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897832/serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-risk-of-self-reported-bacterial-vaginosis-in-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-young-african-american-women
#13
Kristen R Moore, Quaker E Harmon, Donna D Baird
BACKGROUND: Bacterial vaginosis (BV), the leading cause of vaginal discharge, is associated with multiple adverse health outcomes; however, its etiology is unknown. BV treatment is not very effective, thus prevention approaches are needed. Studies investigating the impact of vitamin D on the risk of BV have had mixed findings, including two studies reporting increased risk of recurrent BV for women with higher vitamin D. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were nonpregnant women in a prospective fibroid study of African Americans (ages 23-34 years) from the Detroit area...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897564/cholecalciferol-supplementation-promotes-bone-turnover-in-chinese-adults-with-vitamin-d-deficiency
#14
Pang Yao, Liang Sun, Quan Xiong, Xinming Xu, Huaixing Li, Xu Lin
Background: Bone turnover markers (BTMs) are proposed as alternative indicators for bone mineral density in diagnosis and management of osteoporosis. However, little is known about the effects of vitamin D supplementation on BTMs in nonwhite populations. Objective: We aimed to investigate the responses in BTMs after vitamin D supplementation in Asians. Methods: In this secondary data analysis of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 448 Chinese adults [mean ± SD age: 31...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895850/longitudinal-measures-of-maternal-vitamin-d-and-neonatal-body-composition
#15
Nansi S Boghossian, Winston Koo, Aiyi Liu, Sunni L Mumford, Michael Y Tsai, Edwina H Yeung
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D status has been associated with fetal growth and offspring's bone mass in some observational studies. We characterize the trajectory of total maternal serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration by race and examine whether vitamin D status is associated with neonatal anthropometry and body composition as assessed by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). SUBJECTS/METHODS: Three longitudinal pregnancy samples from the Memphis site of the Calcium for Preeclampsia Prevention trial (1992-1995) were used...
June 12, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893596/the-effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-in-elite-adolescent-dancers-on-muscle-function-and-injury-incidence-a-randomised-double-blind-study
#16
Matthew A Wyon, Roger Wolman, Nicolas Kolokythas, Karen Sheriff, Shaun Galloway, Adam Mattiussi
PURPOSE: A number of studies have noted low levels of Vitamin D in dancers and this has been associated with increased risk of injuries and decreased muscular strength indices. The aim of the present study was to examine whether vitamin D supplementation over a 4-month period can improve muscle function and injury incidence. METHODS: Eighty-four participants volunteered, exclusion criteria and drop out (19%) reduced cohort to 67 (f=29, m=38; 17-19yrs). Participants were randomly assigned to either an intervention or placebo group (2:1 ratio)...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892562/impact-of-vitamin-d-treatment-on-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d-levels-and-insulin-homeostasis-in-obese-african-american-adolescents-in-a-randomized-trial
#17
Usha Sethuraman, Marwan A Zidan, Lynae Hanks, Minoo Bagheri, Ambika Ashraf
Background: Obesity is affecting children in epidemic proportions in the United States with nearly 25% of children being obese. Consequences of obesity including dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease are leading to morbidity at younger ages. Parallel to the obesity and diabetes epidemics, the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency has reached very high levels and has been associated with insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. Studies exploring the impact of vitamin D repletion on insulin sensitivity and dyslipidemia in children are sparse...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892560/vitamin-d3-supplementation-in-obese-african-american-vitamin-d-deficient-adolescents
#18
Sheela N Magge, Divya Prasad, Babette S Zemel, Andrea Kelly
Objectives: Obese, African-American (AA) adolescents are at increased risk for vitamin D deficiency. The primary objective of this pilot study was to examine the effect of vitamin D supplementation upon 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25OHD) levels in obese, AA adolescents. Methods: A randomized, double-blinded, controlled pilot study included 26 obese (BMI ≥ 95%ile), vitamin D deficient (25OHD < 20 ng/mL), pubertal AA adolescents (ages 12-17). Subjects received cholecalciferol 1000 IU or 5000 IU daily for 3 months...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889866/a-novel-inverse-association-between-cord-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-leg-length-in-boys-up-to-three-years-an-odense-child-cohort-study
#19
Mathilde Egelund Christensen, Signe Sparre Beck-Nielsen, Christine Dalgård, Søs Dragsbæk Larsen, Sine Lykkedegn, Henriette Boye Kyhl, Steffen Husby, Henrik Thybo Christesen
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Long standing vitamin D deficiency in children causes rickets with growth impairment. We investigated whether sub-ischial leg length (SLL) is shorter, and cephalo-caudal length:length (CCL:L) ratio and sitting height:height (SH:H) ratio larger, with lower cord s-25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) in the population-based prospective Odense Child Cohort, Denmark. METHODS: We included healthy singletons born to term with available measures of cord 25OHD and anthropometrics up to three years' age...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888817/does-vitamin-d-and-phenylbutyrate-have-impact-on-the-course-of-tuberculosis
#20
Christian Wejse
The role of vitamin D in tuberculosis (TB) has been a hot topic for decades, and it is still an unresolved matter. Vitamin D deficiency and other micronutrient deficiencies have been considered as important risk factors for TB and malnutrition is overall a highly important risk factor for TB. In fact with the highest population attributable fraction (PAF) for TB at 27% (1), which means the fraction of all TB cases that would NOT have occurred if exposure (to e.g. malnutrition) was not there. This article is protected by copyright...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Internal Medicine
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