keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Skeletal survey

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344541/bony-maturity-of-the-tibial-tuberosity-with-regard-to-age-and-sex-and-its-relationship-to-pathogenesis-of-osgood-schlatter-disease-an-ultrasonographic-study
#1
Yoichi Kaneuchi, Kenichi Otoshi, Michiyuki Hakozaki, Miho Sekiguchi, Kazuyuki Watanabe, Takahiro Igari, Shinichi Konno
Background: Although tensile force on an immature tibial tuberosity is considered the main cause of Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD), the relationship between bony maturity and the pathogenesis of OSD remains obscure. Purpose: To survey the bone maturation process of the tibial tuberosity by age and sex and clarify its relationship to OSD. Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: A total of 731 Japanese basketball players aged 6 to 14 years were enrolled in this study...
January 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309382/the-prevalence-and-treatment-of-hip-dysplasia-in-prader-willi-syndrome-pws
#2
Anastasiya A Trizno, Alexander S Jones, Patrick M Carry, Gaia Georgopoulos
BACKGROUND: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic disorder with multisystem involvement. There are a number of associated orthopaedic manifestations, the most recognized of which is scoliosis. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of hip dysplasia and to investigate its treatment in patients with PWS. METHODS: Following IRB approval, all patients seen at our institution's Prader-Willi multidisciplinary clinic were retrospectively reviewed. Only patients with an ultrasound, anteroposterior (AP) spine, AP abdomen, AP hip radiograph, and/or skeletal survey were included in the study...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308780/multiple-myeloma-masquerading-as-panuveitis-in-a-middle-aged-woman
#3
Y C Yew, F S Nurul-Fatin, A T Norazita
Panuveitis secondary to masquerade syndrome is uncommon. A middle-aged woman presented to the ophthalmology clinic with panuveitis associated with anaemia, joint pain, and renal impairment. An incidental finding of a lytic lesion over her left scapula following a chest x-ray prompted further skeletal survey and revealed further lytic lesions over the skull and pelvic bone. Bone marrow aspiration was performed and this confirmed the diagnosis of multiple myeloma. Her left eye vision and intraocular inflammation improved after commencement of chemotherapy...
December 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304751/what-is-the-best-adjustment-of-appendicular-lean-mass-for-predicting-mortality-or-disability-among-japanese-community-dwellers
#4
Rei Otsuka, Yasumoto Matsui, Chikako Tange, Yukiko Nishita, Makiko Tomida, Fujiko Ando, Hiroshi Shimokata, Hidenori Arai
BACKGROUND: Age-related declines in skeletal muscle mass and strength, representing "sarcopenia," are a growing concern in aging societies. However, the prevalence of low muscle mass based on the height2-adjustment has been shown to be extremely low, and a more appropriate definition of low muscle mass is needed, particularly for Asian women. The aim of this study was to explore the most appropriate adjustment of appendicular lean mass (ALM) for predicting mortality or disability risk using ALM or any of 5 adjustments of ALM among community-dwelling Japanese...
January 5, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287676/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-sarcopenia-in-a-western-population-nhanes-iii-the-importance-of-sarcopenia-definition
#5
Tao-Chun Peng, Li-Wei Wu, Wei-Liang Chen, Fang-Yih Liaw, Yaw-Wen Chang, Tung-Wei Kao
BACKGROUND: Recent epidemiological studies have shown that sarcopenia is associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and advanced fibrosis in an Asian population. We investigated whether NAFLD is associated with a higher risk of sarcopenia using a different definition in elderly patients. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional survey of US patients was conducted, involving 2551 participants aged 60-75 years. NAFLD was measured by ultrasound. Sarcopenia was defined by both a low muscle mass and poor muscle function...
December 8, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284969/musculoskeletal-disorders-and-mental-health-related-issues-as-occupational-hazards-among-dental-practitioners-in-salem-city-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Vanita D Revankar, Yadav Chakravarthy, S Naveen, Arun Senthamil Selvan, Aarthi Ganapathy, A S Prasad
Background: Like in any other profession, dental surgeons are also afflicted by many occupational health hazards such as Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) and mental health related issues. Aims: To assess the distribution of MSD and mental health related issues amidst dentists in Salem City according to age, sex and number of working hours per week. Objectives: A survey was organized to check the rate of occurrence of these occupational health hazards among dental practitioners in Salem city...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282553/muscle-strength-is-associated-with-bone-health-independently-of-muscle-mass-in-postmenopausal-women-the-japanese-population-based-osteoporosis-study
#7
Takahiro Tachiki, Katsuyasu Kouda, Namiraa Dongmei, Junko Tamaki, Masayuki Iki, Jun Kitagawa, Naonobu Takahira, Yuho Sato, Etsuko Kajita, Yuki Fujita, Akiko Yura, Sadanobu Kagamimori
There are conflicting reports on whether muscle strength is associated with bone mineral density (BMD) independently of muscle mass. Here, we examined the association between muscle strength and BMD in a representative population of Japanese women. Cross-sectional data from 680 postmenopausal women, who were participants in the 15th-year follow-up survey of the Japanese Population-based Osteoporosis cohort study, were analyzed. Areal BMD (aBMD) at the femoral neck and lumbar spine, whole-body bone mineral density, and appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM, kg) were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250909/a-web-based-survey-to-identify-current-practice-in-skeletal-pin-site-management
#8
Jennie A Walker, Brigitte E Scammell, Roger Bayston
Infections associated with percutaneous pins and wires are common complications which can have a significant impact on patient outcomes. A survey was undertaken to identify current practice and gain insight into variations of clinical practice. Invitations were sent by email to complete an electronic questionnaire using SurveyMonkey. The survey was left open for 100 days. The single largest group of respondents (37.4%, n = 120) cleansed pin sites daily, with significant differences identified between medical and nursing professions (P = 0...
December 17, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246506/age-related-changes-of-skeletal-muscle-mass-and-strength-among-italian-and-taiwanese-older-people-results-from-the-milan-expo-2015-survey-and-the-i-lan-longitudinal-aging-study
#9
Emanuele Marzetti, An-Chun Hwang, Matteo Tosato, Li-Ning Peng, Riccardo Calvani, Anna Picca, Liang-Kung Chen, Francesco Landi
BACKGROUND: Muscle mass and strength ineluctably decline with advancing age. Yet, the impact of ethnicity on the pattern of changes and their magnitude is unclear. The aims of the present study were to analyze age- and gender-specific changes in measures of muscle mass and strength among community-living persons and to identify differences between Caucasian and Asian participants. METHODS: The Italian survey ("Longevity Check-up"), conducted during Milan EXPO 2015, consisted of a population assessment aimed at evaluating the prevalence of specific health metrics in persons outside of a conventional research setting (n=1924), with a special focus on muscle mass and strength...
December 12, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245639/the-black-coral-fauna-cnidaria-antipatharia-of-bermuda-with-new-records
#10
Daniel Wagner, Andrew Shuler
The black coral fauna of Bermudan waters is poorly known, in large part due to the logistical challenges of surveying deep-water (>50 m) environments where most species occur. In 2016, the Nekton Expedition sought to survey the deep-water biodiversity around Bermuda using manned submersibles and mixed-gas technical SCUBA. A total of 28 black coral specimens were collected, and these were examined based on skeletal spine morphology, polyp morphology, colony branching pattern and in situ photographs. The specimens were assigned to seven species in three families and four genera, including (1) Antipathes atlantica Gray, 1857, (2) Antipathes furcata Gray, 1857, (3) Stichopathes pourtalesi Brook, 1889, (4) Stichopathes sp...
November 7, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243488/comparison-and-optimisation-of-imaging-techniques-in-suspected-physical-abuse-paediatric-radiography
#11
Jodie R Hampel, Ana Pascoal
OBJECTIVE: This study compares protocols in clinical use for paediatric Suspected Physical Abuse (SPA) radiographic imaging across four NHS Trusts in the UK. The patient dose delivered from a SPA skeletal survey was compared between two sites using different imaging technology. Additionally, the technique in use for the abdomen Anterior-Posterior (AP) radiographic projection was optimised at one of the participant sites. METHODS: Retrospective data collection was performed to compare SPA protocols...
December 15, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243057/decreased-muscle-mass-is-independently-associated-with-knee-pain-in-female-patients-with-radiographically-mild-osteoarthritis-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study-knhanes-2010-2011
#12
Hee Min Park, Ho Jae Kim, Byeori Lee, Minkyoung Kwon, Seung Min Jung, Sang-Won Lee, Yong-Beom Park, Jason Jungsik Song
To evaluate the association between muscle mass and knee pain in relation to radiographic severity of knee osteoarthritis. We consulted nationwide health examination and survey records collected from 2010 to 2011 and extracted data regarding female patients aged > 50 years and diagnosed with knee osteoarthritis. Radiographic severity was assessed on plain radiographs using the Kellgren-Lawrence system, whereas appendicular skeletal mass was obtained from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry data. We performed multivariate logistic regression to evaluate the association between knee pain and muscle mass index (appendicular skeletal muscle mass divided by body weight in percentile) in patient groups stratified by radiographic severity of knee osteoarthritis...
December 14, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237047/correlates-of-high-impact-physical-activity-measured-objectively-in-older-british-adults
#13
Ahmed Elhakeem, Kimberly Hannam, Kevin C Deere, April Hartley, Emma M Clark, Charlotte Moss, Mark H Edwards, Elaine Dennison, Tim Gaysin, Diana Kuh, Andrew Wong, Kenneth R Fox, Cyrus Cooper, Rachel Cooper, Jon H Tobias
Background: Exposure to higher magnitude vertical impacts is thought to benefit bone health. The correlates of this high-impact physical activity (PA) in later life are unknown. Methods: Participants were from the Cohort for Skeletal Health in Bristol and Avon, Hertfordshire Cohort Study and MRC National Survey of Health and Development. Associations of demographic, behavioural, physiological and psychological factors with vertical acceleration peaks ≥1.5 g (i...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216879/anti-diabetic-potential-of-sapium-ellipticum-hochst-pax-leaf-extract-in-streptozotocin-stz-induced-diabetic-wistar-rats
#14
Osasenaga Macdonald Ighodaro, Oluseyi Adeboye Akinloye
BACKGOUND: Ethnobatanical survey associates Sapium ellipticum (SE) with antidiabetic usage among other medicinal functions in different parts of Africa. More importantly, previous studies on the plant extract in our laboratory showed that SE has significant effects on the activities of carbohydrate metabolizing enzymes such as glucokinase, glucose-6-phosphatase, α-amylase and α-glucosidase. In view of these, the anti-diabetic potential of the plant leaf extract in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes rat model (Wistar strain) was examined...
December 8, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212996/-a-comparison-of-the-associations-of-dynapenia-and-sarcopenia-with-fear-of-falling-in-elderly-diabetic-patients
#15
Satoshi Ida, Kazuya Murata, Yuki Ishihara, Kanako Imataka, Ryutaro Kaneko, Ryoko Fujiwara, Hiroka Takahashi
AIM: To comparatively investigate whether dynapenia and sarcopenia, as defined by the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia (AWGS), are associated with fear of falling in elderly patients with diabetes. METHODS: The subjects were outpatients with diabetes who were at least 65 years of age when they visited our hospital. Sarcopenia was evaluated based on the AWGS definition. The cutoff values for the appendicular skeletal mass index (multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance method), grip strength, and walking speed were, respectively, 7...
2017: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209478/association-between-sarcopenia-and-dipstick-proteinuria-in-the-elderly-population-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys-2009-2011
#16
Duna Hwang, Mi-Ryung Cho, Minyong Choi, Sang Hyun Lee, Youngmin Park
Background: Sarcopenia and proteinuria are significant health difficulties in the elderly; however, few studies have investigated their relationship. In this study, we investigated the association between sarcopenia and proteinuria in Korean subjects over 60 years old. Methods: We included data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a cross-sectional, nationally representative survey conducted from 2009 to 2011 (n=4,008). Sarcopenia was defined using appendicular skeletal muscle mass as a percentage of body weight...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198391/spondylolysis-in-the-past-a-case-study-of-hunter-gatherers-from-southern-patagonia
#17
M D D'Angelo Del Campo, J A Suby, P García-Laborde, R A Guichón
Spondylolysis is a fracture of the pars interarticularis, the portion of the neural arch that lies between the superior articular facets and the inferior articular facets. Clinical evidence has suggested repetitive trauma to be the most probable cause, even though morphological weakness of the vertebra is probably also involved. Prevalence is between 3% and 8% in modern populations, while in archaeological samples it varies from 0% to 71.4%. Considering that very little data about this condition is available in past populations from the southern extreme of South America, the aim of this paper is to analyze the spondylolysis in a human skeletal sample from Southern Patagonia and, at the same time, to explore the prevalence of spondylolysis in archaeological contexts around the world to gain a better understanding of the results presented here...
December 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192175/higher-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-increased-the-risk-of-sarcopenia-in-the-community-dwelling-older-adults
#18
Fang-Yih Liaw, Ching-Fu Huang, Wei-Liang Chen, Li-Wei Wu, Tao-Chun Peng, Yaw-Wen Chang, Tung-Wei Kao
The platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) has been extensively studied in oncologic diseases. However, the correlation between PLR and sarcopenia remains unknown. In this cross-sectional analysis, we enrolled 3,671 non-institutionalized individuals from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) III (1988-1994) aged ≥60 years and whose complete blood counts (CBCs), body composition measurements, and related demographic information was available. Skeletal muscle mass was assessed using a previously published equation (including age, sex, height, and bioelectrical impedance analysis)...
November 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191538/collet-sicard-syndrome-attributable-to-extramedullary-plasmacytoma-of-the-jugular-foramen
#19
Soliman Oushy, Christopher S Graffeo, Avital Perry, Jonathan M Morris, Matthew L Carlson, Jamie J Van Gompel
BACKGROUND: Collet-Sicard syndrome is a rare manifestation of skull base disease involving the jugular and hypoglossal foramina. We report the first case of Collet-Sicard attributable to extramedullary plasmacytoma-multiple myeloma (EP-MM), as well as the second case of EP-MM precipitating a jugular foramen syndrome (JFS)-spectrum disorder. CASE DESCRIPTION: A fifty-nine-year-old woman presented with 4-months of left aural fullness and pulsatile tenderness, positional vertigo, hoarseness, and dysphagia...
November 27, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189529/trends-in-management-and-complications-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries-in-pediatric-patients-a-survey-of-the-prism-society
#20
Charles A Popkin, Margaret L Wright, Andrew T Pennock, Laura A Vogel, Ajay Padaki, Lauren H Redler, Christopher S Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries have been recognized and treated with increasing frequency in children and adolescents. ACL reconstruction (ACLR) in skeletally immature patients has unique considerations and there is a large practice variation in the management of these injuries. The purpose of this study was to survey the members of the Pediatric Research in Sports Medicine (PRiSM) Society regarding their experience with the management and complications of pediatric ACL injuries...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
keyword
keyword
17239
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"