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Skeletal survey

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505476/gender-difference-in-the-association-between-lower-muscle-mass-and-metabolic-syndrome-independent-of-insulin-resistance-in-a-middle-aged-and-elderly-taiwanese-population
#1
You-Ci Ou, Hai-Hua Chuang, Wen-Cheng Li, I-Shiang Tzeng, Jau-Yuan Chen
BACKGROUND: Loss of muscle mass was reported to be associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS), but little is known about the gender difference. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between lower muscle mass and MetS and determine whether there was any gender difference or not. METHODS: A total of 394 middle-aged and elderly Taiwanese adults (138 males and 256 females) were enrolled and completed our health survey. They were stratified into three groups according to appendicular skeletal muscle mass divided by weight...
May 8, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481907/relationship-between-anthropometric-parameters-and-open-angle-glaucoma-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#2
Jae Yeun Lee, Tae-Woo Kim, Hyun Tae Kim, Mi Yeon Lee, Hye Won Min, Yu Sam Won, Hyun Seok Kwon, Ki Ho Park, Joon Mo Kim
AIMS: To evaluate the relationships between open-angle glaucoma (OAG) and various anthropometric measurements. DESIGN: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), a population-based cross-sectional study using a complex, stratified, multistage, probability-cluster survey. METHODS: A total of 5,255 participants including 247 glaucoma patients, aged ≥ 19 years were included from the KNHANES V database. Glaucoma diagnosis was based on International Society of Geographical and Epidemiological Ophthalmology criteria...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473860/epidemic-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-its-management-awareness-among-indian-medical-undergraduates
#3
Yangshen Lhamo, Preeta Kaur Chugh, Sandhya R Gautam, C D Tripathi
Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent across all age groups in epidemic proportions. The purpose of this study was to acquire a baseline assessment and create awareness among medical students regarding vitamin D. A cross-sectional, voluntary survey was conducted among undergraduate medical students. Data were collected using a questionnaire which assessed the level of knowledge students had with regard to where vitamin D comes from, what it does for health, how much is recommended, factors that affect its levels, and deficiency management...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473090/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-suspected-physical-abuse-child
#4
Sandra L Wootton-Gorges, Bruno P Soares, Adina L Alazraki, Sudha A Anupindi, Jeffrey P Blount, Timothy N Booth, Molly E Dempsey, Richard A Falcone, Laura L Hayes, Abhaya V Kulkarni, Sonia Partap, Cynthia K Rigsby, Maura E Ryan, Nabile M Safdar, Andrew T Trout, Roger F Widmann, Boaz K Karmazyn, Susan Palasis
The youngest children, particularly in the first year of life, are the most vulnerable to physical abuse. Skeletal survey is the universal screening examination in children 24 months of age and younger. Fractures occur in over half of abused children. Rib fractures may be the only abnormality in about 30%. A repeat limited skeletal survey after 2 weeks can detect additional fractures and can provide fracture dating information. The type and extent of additional imaging for pediatric patients being evaluated for suspected physical abuse depends on the age of the child, the presence of neurologic signs and symptoms, evidence of thoracic or abdominopelvic injuries, and social considerations...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473035/the-combined-association-of-skeletal-muscle-strength-and-physical-activity-on-mortality-in-older-women-the-hunt2-study
#5
Trine Karlsen, Javaid Nauman, Håvard Dalen, Arnulf Langhammer, Ulrik Wisløff
OBJECTIVE: To assess the isolated and combined associations of leg and arm strength with adherence to current physical activity guidelines with all-cause and cause-specific mortality in healthy elderly women. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of 2529 elderly women (72.6±4.8 years) from the Norwegian Healthy survey of Northern Trøndelag (second wave) (HUNT2) between August 15, 1995, and June 18, 1997, with a median of 15.6 years (interquartile range, 10...
May 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472197/utilization-of-alternative-systems-of-medicine-as-health-care-services-in-india-evidence-on-ayush-care-from-nss-2014
#6
Shalini Rudra, Aakshi Kalra, Abhishek Kumar, William Joe
AYUSH, an acronym for Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa-Rigpa and Homeopathy represents the alternative systems of medicine recognized by the Government of India. Understanding the patterns of utilization of AYUSH care has been important for various reasons including an increased focus on its mainstreaming and integration with biomedicine-based health care system. Based on a nationally representative health survey 2014, we present an analysis to understand utilization of AYUSH care across socioeconomic and demographic groups in India...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471126/multiple-myeloma-with-an-unusual-oral-presentation
#7
Anjali Nayak, Meghanand T Nayak
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a dyscrasia caused by neoplastic proliferation of somatically mutated plasma cells. Myeloma cells divide and expand within the bone marrow affecting multiple locations in the body where bone marrow is present. Oral manifestations, though common are usually not diagnosed. This report describes rare oral manifestations of multiple myeloma like oral petechiae and gingival swelling presented in a 40-year-old male patient. The diagnosis was established by blood examination & skeletal survey, while oral findings were later correlated with the diagnosis of MM...
July 2016: Journal of Experimental Therapeutics & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464999/light-coffee-consumption-is-protective-against-sarcopenia-but-frequent-coffee-consumption-is-associated-with-obesity-in-korean-adults
#8
Jeong-Hyeon Kim, Yong Soon Park
Few studies have examined the effects of coffee on body composition in the general population. In this cross-sectional study, we hypothesized that coffee consumption is protective against obesity and sarcopenia in Korean adults. The study included 6906 subjects aged ≥40 years who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2009-2010. Body composition was measured using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, and obesity was determined according to the body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC)...
April 19, 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456069/child-maltreatment-in-u-s-emergency-departments-imaging-and-admissions
#9
Krista K Wheeler, Junxin Shi, Henry Xiang, Kathy J Haley, Jonathan I Groner
OBJECTIVE: We report imaging and admission ratios for children with definitive and suggestive maltreatment in a national sample of emergency departments (EDs). METHODS: Using the 2012 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS), we generated national estimates of ED visits for children <10 years with both definitive and suggestive maltreatment. Outcomes were admission/transfer ratios for children <10years and screening ratios by skeletal surveys and head computed tomography (CT) for children <2 years with suspected physical abuse...
April 28, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454425/whole-body-low-dose-computed-tomography-in-multiple-myeloma-staging-superior-diagnostic-performance-in-the-detection-of-bone-lesions-vertebral-compression-fractures-rib-fractures-and-extraskeletal-findings-compared-to-radiography-with-similar-radiation-exposure
#10
Lukas Lambert, Petr Ourednicek, Zuzana Meckova, Giampaolo Gavelli, Jan Straub, Ivan Spicka
The primary objective of the present prospective study was to compare the diagnostic performance of conventional radiography (CR) and whole-body low-dose computed tomography (WBLDCT) with a comparable radiation dose reconstructed using hybrid iterative reconstruction technique, in terms of the detection of bone lesions, skeletal fractures, vertebral compressions and extraskeletal findings. The secondary objective was to evaluate lesion attenuation in relation to its size. A total of 74 patients underwent same-day skeletal survey by CR and WBLDCT...
April 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422826/idiopathic-hypoparathyroidism-with-extensive-intracranial-calcification-in-children-first-report-from-saudi-arabia
#11
Naglaa M Kamal, Hamed A Alghamdi, Abdulrahman A Halabi, Ayman A Bakkar, Ali Algarni, Abdullah Alharbi, Abdulla A Alharthi, Rawan A Alharbi, Laila M Sherief
RATIONALE: Pediatric idiopathic hypoparathyroidism with extensive intracranial calcifications outside the basal ganglia (BG) is extremely rare with less than 10 cases worldwide. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 11-year-old Saudi male child presented with tetany with otherwise normal neurological and other body system examination diagnoses severe hypocalcemia for differential diagnosis. INTERVENTIONS: Further investigations revealed hyperphosphatemia and undetectable serum intact parathyroid hormone...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419808/outcomes-after-1-stage-versus-2-stage-revision-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#12
Justin J Mitchell, Jorge Chahla, Chase S Dean, Mark Cinque, Lauren M Matheny, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: Revision anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is becoming increasingly common as the number of primary ACLR cases continues to rise. Despite this, there are limited data on the outcomes of revision ACLR and even less information specifically addressing the differences in 1-stage revision reconstruction versus those performed in a 2-stage fashion after primary reconstruction. PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes, patient satisfaction, and failure rates of 1-stage versus 2-stage revision ACLR...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396763/neonatal-mucolipidosis-type-ii-alpha-beta-due-to-compound-heterozygosity-for-a-known-and-novel-gnptab-mutation-and-a-concomitant-heterozygous-change-in-serpinf1-inherited-from-the-mother
#13
Kirsten A Wood, Regina M Zambrano, Bradley J Cheek, Christopher Arcement, Marie Haymon, Jessica Steinkampf, Srirangan Sampath, James C Hyland, Yves Lacassie
We report on a newborn with IUGR, rhizomelic dwarfism, and suspected chondrodysplasia punctata. At birth, OI was suspected; however, a skeletal survey suggested ML II alpha/beta. Sequencing revealed compound heterozygosity for a reported pathogenic and novel but expected pathogenic GNPTAB variant. Molecular testing for autosomal recessive OI identified a SERPINF1 variant.
April 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389986/changes-and-tracking-of-bone-mineral-density-in-late-adolescence-the-troms%C3%A3-study-fit-futures
#14
Ole Andreas Nilsen, Luai Awad Ahmed, Anne Winther, Tore Christoffersen, Anne-Sofie Furberg, Guri Grimnes, Elaine Dennison, Nina Emaus
Areal bone mineral density (aBMD) predicts future fracture risk. This study explores the development of aBMD and associated factors in Norwegian adolescents. Our results indicate a high degree of tracking of aBMD levels in adolescence. Anthropometric measures and lifestyle factors were associated with deviation from tracking. PURPOSE: Norway has one of the highest reported incidences of hip fractures. Maximization of peak bone mass may reduce future fracture risk. The main aims of this study were to describe changes in bone mineral levels over 2 years in Norwegian adolescents aged 15-17 years at baseline, to examine the degree of tracking of aBMD during this period, and to identify baseline predictors associated with positive deviation from tracking...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387701/association-between-indices-of-body-composition-and-abnormal-metabolic-phenotype-in-normal-weight-chinese-adults
#15
Lili Xia, Fen Dong, Haiying Gong, Guodong Xu, Ke Wang, Fen Liu, Li Pan, Ling Zhang, Yuxiang Yan, Herbert Gaisano, Yan He, Guangliang Shan
We aimed to determine the association of indices of body composition with abnormal metabolic phenotype, and to examine whether the strength of association was differentially distributed in different age groups in normal-weight Chinese adults. A total of 3015 normal-weight adults from a survey of Chinese people encompassing health and basic physiological parameters was included in this cross-sectional study. We investigated the association of body composition measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis and conventional body indices with metabolically unhealthy normal-weight (MUHNW) adults, divided by age groups and gender...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365810/a-retrospective-cephalometric-investigation-of-two-fixed-functional-orthodontic-appliances-in-class-ii-treatment-functional-mandibular-advancer-vs-herbst-appliance
#16
Gero Stefan Michael Kinzinger, Jörg Alexander Lisson, Linda Frye, Ulrich Gross, Jan Hourfar
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to compare skeletal and dental changes in class II patients treated with fixed functional appliances (FFA) that pursue different biomechanical concepts: (1) FMA (Functional Mandibular Advancer) from first maxillary molar to first mandibular molar through inclined planes and (2) Herbst appliance from first maxillary molar to lower first bicuspid through a rod-and-tube mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two equally distributed patients were treated with FMA (21) and Herbst appliance (21), following a single-step advancement protocol...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359800/baicalin-against-obesity-and-insulin-resistance-through-activation-of-akt-as160-glut4-pathway
#17
Penghua Fang, Mei Yu, Lei Zhang, Dan Wan, Mingyi Shi, Yan Zhu, Ping Bo, Zhenwen Zhang
Obesity may cause several metabolic complications, including insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Despite great advances in medicine, people still keep exploring novel and effective drugs for treatment of obesity and insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to survey if baicalin might ameliorate obesity-induced insulin resistance and to explore its signal mechanisms in skeletal muscles of mice. Diet-induced obese (DIO) mice were given 50 mg/kg baicalin intraperitoneally (i.p.) once a day for 21 days, and C2C12 myotubes were treated with 100, 200, 400 μM baicalin for 12 h in this study...
March 27, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350211/popliteal-artery-pseudoaneurysm-due-to-femur-exostosis
#18
Wahid Syed, Mohd Akbar Bhat, Hakeem Zubair Ashraf, Farooq Ganie, Feroze Ahmad
Vascular complications of femur exostoses are rare, with popliteal pseudoaneurysm being the most common. After establishing the diagnosis, surgical treatment is mandatory. A 35-year-old woman presented with a painful pulsatile swelling in the lower medial aspect of the left thigh. Investigations revealed a pseudoaneurysm arising from the left popliteal artery adjacent to femur exostoses. Skeletal survey revealed multiple exostoses involving the upper and lower limbs. Surgical excision of the pseudoaneurysm was followed by ePTFE patch repair of the defect and excision of the exostoses...
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339735/triage-quality-control-is-missing-tools-a-new-observation-technique-for-ed-quality-improvement
#19
Tomi Malmström, Veli-Pekka Harjola, Paulus Torkki, Salla Kumpulainen, Raija Malmström
Objective: Correct assessment of patient urgency is critical to ensuring patient safety in emergency departments (EDs). Although significant time and effort have been devoted to developing triage systems, less attention has been paid to the development of quality control. The aim of this study is to introduce and test observation technique, which enables identifying of patient groups at risk of erroneous assessment in triage. The introduced technique is aimed to be less laborious to use than existing triage quality control methods...
April 1, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335735/population-diversity-of-the-genetically-determined-ttr-expression-in-human-tissues-and-its-implications-in-ttr-amyloidosis
#20
Andrea Iorio, Flavio De Angelis, Marco Di Girolamo, Marco Luigetti, Luca G Pradotto, Anna Mazzeo, Sabrina Frusconi, Filomena My, Dario Manfellotto, Maria Fuciarelli, Renato Polimanti
BACKGROUND: Transthyretin (TTR) amyloidosis is a hereditary disease with a complex genotype-phenotype correlation. We conducted a literature survey to define the clinical landscape of TTR amyloidosis across populations worldwide. Then, we investigated whether the genetically determined TTR expression differs among human populations, contributing to the differences observed in patients. Polygenic scores for genetically determined TTR expression in 14 clinically relevant tissues were constructed using data from the GTEx (Genotype-Tissue Expression) project and tested in the samples from the 1,000 Genomes Project...
March 23, 2017: BMC Genomics
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