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Skeletal survey

H Patel, S Swinson, K Johnson
AIM: To re-assess the content and quality of skeletal surveys performed in the investigation of non-accidental injury following the publication of nationally agreed guidelines produced jointly by the Royal College of Radiologists and the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health in 2008. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred consecutive skeletal surveys performed in England, which were sent to a tertiary paediatric hospital for a second opinion, were reviewed for their content and quality...
October 19, 2016: Clinical Radiology
Namita Chandra, Sanjay Kumar, Vaibhav Raj, Pawan Kumar Vishwakarma, Sheela Sinha, Ram Prakash Saha
BACKGROUND Jarcho-Levin syndrome, also known as spondylothoracic dysplasia and spondylocostal dysplasia, is characterized by varieties of vertebrae and rib anomalies. Jarcho-Levin syndrome is a clinical-radiological diagnosis with clinical evidence of short neck, short trunk, normal-sized limbs, or increased arm span, and vertebral and rib defects on the skeletal survey. CASE REPORT About 400 cases have been reported in world literature and 18 in our Indian literature. We report the case of a one-day-old female baby with a short trunk, short neck, low hairline, apparently long limbs, protuberant abdomen, mild midfacial dysmorphism, low-set ears, and a high-arched palate...
October 14, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
Raiz Ahmad Misgar, Parvez Mohiuddin Dar, Shariq Rashid Masoodi, Munir Ahmad, Khursheed Alam Wani, Arshad Iqbal Wani, Mir Iftikhar Bashir
BACKGROUND: Although primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) has become an asymptomatic disease in the West, in India, PHPT is still an uncommonly diagnosed, overtly symptomatic disease with skeletal, muscular, and renal manifestations. AIMS: To describe the profile and surgical outcome of 78 consecutive PHPT patients over a period of two decades at a single center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients who underwent evaluation and surgery for PHPT from January 1996 to December 2015 were included...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Marwan El Hélou, Adib Kassis, Robert Haddad, Joseph Ghoubril
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to identify facial profile preferences among Lebanese orthodontists, general dentists and laypersons. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A lateral photograph of a young man and young woman with a class I skeletal relationship was used. Each photograph was manipulated, using Dolphin Imaging System(®), to produce six other photographs in which anteroposterior variations in the position of the maxilla and/or the mandible were made. A total of 120 participants were asked to rank the photographs of each gender from most to least attractive...
September 2016: L' Orthodontie Française
Jenna B Gillen, Jorn Trommelen, Floris C Wardenaar, Naomi Y J Brinkmans, Joline J Versteegen, Kristin L Jonvik, Christoph Kapp, Jeanne de Vries, Joost J G C van den Borne, Martin J Gibala, Luc J C van Loon
Dietary protein intake should be optimized in all athletes to ensure proper recovery and enhance the skeletal muscle adaptive response to exercise training. In addition to total protein intake, the use of specific protein-containing food sources and the distribution of protein throughout the day are relevant for optimizing protein intake in athletes. In the present study, we examined the daily intake and distribution of various protein-containing food sources in a large cohort of strength, endurance and team-sport athletes...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Jasmin B Kuemmerle-Deschner, Seza Ozen, Pascal N Tyrrell, Isabelle Kone-Paut, Raphaela Goldbach-Mansky, Helen Lachmann, Norbert Blank, Hal M Hoffman, Elisabeth Weissbarth-Riedel, Boris Hugle, Tilmann Kallinich, Marco Gattorno, Ahmet Gul, Nienke Ter Haar, Marlen Oswald, Fatma Dedeoglu, Luca Cantarini, Susanne M Benseler
Cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome (CAPS) is a rare, heterogeneous disease entity associated with NLRP3 gene mutations and increased interleukin-1 (IL-1) secretion. Early diagnosis and rapid initiation of IL-1 inhibition prevent organ damage. The aim of the study was to develop and validate diagnostic criteria for CAPS. An innovative process was followed including interdisciplinary team building, item generation: review of CAPS registries, systematic literature review, expert surveys, consensus conferences for item refinement, item reduction and weighting using 1000Minds decision software...
October 4, 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Hyun Tae Kim, Joon Mo Kim, Jung Hoon Kim, Jae Hyuck Lee, Mi Yeon Lee, Jae Yeun Lee, Yu Sam Won, Ki Ho Park, Hyun Seok Kwon
PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationship between intraocular pressure (IOP) and various anthropometric measures. DESIGN: A population-based cross-sectional study. METHODS: Patients: A total of 5,008 participants, 2,080 men and 2,928 women, aged ≥19 years were included from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V database, focusing on the years 2010 and 2011. We selected IOP in the right eye of a normal healthy population as the outcome variable of our study...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Melissa M Derner, Courtney A Linhart, LeeAnna M Pederson, Sarith M Saju, Alyssa M Heiden, Lisa A Wohlford, Michael T Swanoski, M Nawal Lutfiyya
OBJECTIVE: The Beers criteria list skeletal muscle relaxants (SMR) as inappropriate for individuals 65 years of age and older because of anticholinergic effects, sedation, and risk of falls/fractures. Patients 65 years of age and older presenting to U.S. primary care clinics for injury, prescribed an SMR, are at risk for these events. SMR prescribing patterns in older adults with injury have not been well studied at the population level. Using nationally representative data, the prevalence of older adults prescribed an SMR presenting to U...
September 2016: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
Eugene Han, Yong-Ho Lee, Gyuri Kim, So Ra Kim, Byung-Wan Lee, Eun Seok Kang, Chul Woo Ahn, Bong-Soo Cha
INTRODUCTION: Although sarcopenia is associated with metabolic disorders, its influence on albuminuria has not been determined. The aim of this study was to identify the relationship between sarcopenia and albuminuria in the general population. METHODS: This was a population-based, cross-sectional study using a nationally representative sample of 2326 subjects aged ≥20years from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys of 2008-2011. Appendicular skeletal muscle (ASM) measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to assess sarcopenia, which was defined as ASM divided by body mass index, as recommended by the international consensus meeting of the National Institutes of Health...
October 2016: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
N Nand, S Aggarwal, M Yadav, S Dsouza, A R Deshmukh
Pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP) is a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by variable insensitivity to parathyroid hormone. We describe two cases of 22 year male and 24 year female who have typical clinical features of Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO). Laboratory investigation revealed evidence of pseudohypoparathyroidism and skeletal survey showed shortening of the metacarpals and metatarsals.
October 2015: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Kundan Kisanrao Nawale, Monika Vyas, Shubhada Kane, Asawari Patil
INTRODUCTION: The metastatic disease of the jaw bones is very uncommon and accounts for approximately 1% of all malignancies of jaw. The most common location is molar region of mandible. Metastasis may go undetected on a routine skeletal survey for assessment of metastasis and rarely includes jaw bones. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to analyze primary malignancies in metastatic jaw tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively studied clinicopathological features of 12 patients of metastasis to jaw bones diagnosed at tertiary cancer center between 2003 and 2011...
May 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Sumit Singh, Curtis Qin, Srikanth Medarametla, Shilpa V Hegde
We report a 14-month-old male with craniometaphyseal dysplasia (CMD). The patient presented with a history of diminishing vision and hearing loss. Cranial computed tomography scan showed diffuse calvarial and skull base hyperostosis with excessive bone narrowing the internal auditory canals and skull base foramina. A subsequent skeletal survey revealed other skeletal abnormalities, which led to the diagnosis of CMD. This was later confirmed by ANKH mutation. CMD is a rare genetic disorder that belongs to the group of craniotubular bone dysplasias...
September 2016: Radiology case reports
Laura A Bertrand, Eric J Askeland, Katherine D Mathews, Bradley A Erickson, Christopher S Cooper
INTRODUCTION: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and the less severe Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) are characterized by progressive muscle weakness and eventual loss of ambulation, and result from mutations in the dystrophin gene. Dystrophin is essential for skeletal muscle functioning but its role in smooth muscle function is not as well established. In a retrospective review, our group previously demonstrated that roughly half of these patients have at least one documented urologic diagnosis, most commonly being lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and nephrolithiasis...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Keun Ok An, Junghoon Kim
OBJECTIVES: Age-related muscle loss (sarcopenia) and increased fat mass (obesity) may contribute to chronic disease. Multimorbidity needs more complex health care and is associated with an elevated risk of mortality, disability, and poor quality of life. Sarcopenia and obesity together may be more closely associated with multimorbidity than either sarcopenia or obesity alone. However, a possible multimorbidity link with sarcopenic obesity is unknown. Thus, we aimed to investigate the association of sarcopenic obesity and multimorbidity in Korean adults...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Andy Tsai, Catherine Stamoulis, Ignasi Barber, Paul K Kleinman
OBJECTIVES: Modern reference standards for long bone growth are lacking for infants (≤1 year). This study develops a quantitative framework to characterize lower extremity bone shaft growth during infancy based on radiographic images, and compares it to data from the 1930s. METHODS: Femoral, tibial, and fibular shaft length measurements (diaphysis plus metaphysis) were collected retrospectively from 70 infants on initial and follow-up skeletal surveys performed for suspected abuse (7/2005-2/2013)...
August 26, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
M N Shruthi, Anil Navale Santhuram, H S Arun, B N Kishore Kumar
BACKGROUND: Skeletal fluorosis is a crippling disease resulting from excessive exposure to high fluoride from different sources. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of skeletal fluorosis in Bangarpet taluk of Kolar, to compare various epidemiological factors influencing the occurrence of skeletal fluorosis among the two groups with differential water fluoride levels, and to estimate fluoride levels in all the sources of drinking water in study areas. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the adults of three randomly selected villages of Bangarpet taluk, Thimmasandra, Batavarahalli, with high (>1...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Public Health
Fengdan Wang, Xufei Huang, Yan Zhang, Jian Li, Daobin Zhou, Zhengyu Jin
Objective. Bone lesion is crucial for diagnosing and management of polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal protein, and skin change (POEMS) syndrome, a rare plasma cell disorder. This study is to compare the effectiveness of X-ray skeletal survey (SS) and computed tomography (CT) for detecting bone lesions in Chinese POEMS syndrome patients, and to investigate the relationship between bone lesion features and serum markers. Methods. SS and chest/abdomen/pelvic CT images of 38 Chinese patients (26 males, 12 females, aged 21-70 years) with POEMS syndrome recruited at our medical center between January 2013 and January 2015 were retrospectively analyzed...
2016: PeerJ
Andrew J Sheean, David J Tennent, Johnny G Owens, Jason M Wilken, Joseph R Hsu, Daniel J Stinner
BACKGROUND: Fractures of the distal tibia, ankle, and foot sustained through a high-energy mechanism can be extremely debilitating, and ankle and/or subtalar fusion may be indicated if the limb is deemed salvageable. Functional outcomes among this population are often poor. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the effect of an advanced rehabilitation program combined with the use of a custom ankle-foot orthosis for patients with ankle or subtalar fusion on selected physical performance measures and patient-derived outcome measures and to determine if the response to treatment was predicated upon the type of fusion...
August 11, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Jun Il Yoo, Yong Chan Ha, Hyeok Bin Kwon, Young Kyun Lee, Kyung Hoi Koo, Moon Jib Yoo
Sarcopenia-related falls and fractures are increasing worldwide due to the aging population. The purpose of this study was to 1) evaluate anthropometric characteristics related to hip fracture in Korean patients, 2) investigate sarcopenia prevalence in hip fracture (HF) and non-hip fracture (NF) groups, and 3) investigate the correlation between sarcopenia and osteoporosis. This case-control study examined 359 HF and 1,614 NF normal populations using Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data...
September 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Yacov Fogelman, Inbal Goldshtein, Elena Segal, Sofia Ish-Shalom
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disorder characterized by impaired bone quality and microstructural deterioration leading to an increased propensity to fractures. This is a major health problem for older adults, which comprise an increasingly greater proportion of the general population. Due to a large number of patients and the insufficient availability of specialists in Israel and worldwide, osteoporosis is treated in large part by primary care physicians. We assessed the knowledge of primary care physicians on the diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis...
2016: PloS One
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