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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757669/historical-prevalence-of-radiological-appendicular-osteoarthritis-in-cats-1972-1973
#1
David Godfrey, Leslie Vaughan
Interest in feline osteoarthritis has grown recently; this might be due to increased prevalence or increased awareness. This study records the presence of appendicular osteoarthritis in a subset of the United Kingdom cat population in the 1970s and estimates its prevalence. One hundred cats euthanized in 1972-1973 had a series of skeletal radiographic images taken post mortem. Each joint was put into a set with or without osteoarthritis according to the presence or absence of a specified set of radiographic features...
May 14, 2018: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750755/predicting-factors-at-skeletal-maturity-for-curve-progression-and-low-back-pain-in-adult-patients-treated-non-operatively-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-with-thoracolumbar-lumbar-curves-a-mean-25-year-follow-up
#2
Masayuki Ohashi, Kei Watanabe, Toru Hirano, Kazuhiro Hasegawa, Keiichi Katsumi, Hirokazu Shoji, Mizouchi Tatsuki, Naoto Endo
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective, long-term follow-up study. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to clarify the predicting factors at skeletal maturity for future curve progression and low back pain (LBP) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with thoracolumbar/lumbar (TL/L) curve. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: TL/L curves are likely to progress after skeletal maturity and cause LBP. METHODS: Of 147 patients treated non-operatively for AIS with TL/L curve, 56 (55 females; average age at the time of survey, 39...
May 10, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733884/probabilistic-dietary-risk-assessment-of-triazole-and-dithiocarbamate-fungicides-for-the-brazilian-population
#3
Andreia Nunes Oliveira Jardim, Denise Carvalho Mello, Alessandra Page Brito, Hilko van der Voet, Polly E Boon, Eloisa Dutra Caldas
Residue data for triazoles (TR) and dithiocarbamates (DT) in 30,786 samples of 30 foods were obtained from mainly two national monitoring programs, and consumption data from a national survey conducted among persons aged 10 years or older About 16% of the samples contained TR, mainly grape (53.5%), and 16.2% contained DT, mainly apple (59.3%). Flusilazole was the index compound for the acute effects of TR for women of child-bearing-age (cranium-facial malformation and skeletal variation), cyproconazole for the chronic effects of TR (hepatoxicity), and ethylene-bis-dithitiocarbamates (EBDC) for DT (thyroid toxicity)...
May 4, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704686/a-novel-nkx3-2-mutation-associated-with-perinatal-lethal-phenotype-of-spondylo-megaepiphyseal-metaphyseal-dysplasia-in-a-neonate
#4
Pelin Ozlem Simsek-Kiper, Can Kosukcu, Ozlem Akgun-Dogan, Rahsan Gocmen, Gulen Eda Utine, Tutku Soyer, Ayse Korkmaz-Toygar, Gen Nishimura, Mehmet Alikasifoglu, Koray Boduroglu
Spondylo-megaepiphyseal-metaphyseal dysplasia (SMMD) is an autosomal recessive skeletal dysplasia, characterized by disproportionate short stature with a short and stiff neck and trunk. SMMD is caused by inactivating mutations in NKX3-2, which encodes a homeobox-containing protein. Because of the rarity of the disorder, the diagnostic feature has not been fully established yet. We describe an affected newborn with dysmorphic facial features and severe short trunk. The patient required immediate intubation at the delivery room and duodenal atresia was detected during his course in neonatal intensive care unit...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692530/primary-presentation-of-jeune-s-syndrome-as-gastric-motility-disorder-in-an-infant-a-case-report
#5
Amit Katyan, Shabnam Bhandari Grover, Heena Rajani, Deepak Bagga, Neha Antil
We report a case of a 4-week-old female neonate with Jeune's asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy (JATD) and coexistent situs anomaly, primarily presenting as gastric motility disorder. The child presented with abdominal distension and nonbilious vomiting since birth with failure to thrive. However, skeletal survey revealed JATD. Upper gastrointestinal contrast study showed situs inversus with delayed gastric emptying. Pyloric biopsy and intraoperative antro-duodenal manometry confirmed association of gastric motility disorder...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680570/no-evidence-of-damage-to-the-soft-tissue-or-skeletal-integrity-of-mesophotic-corals-exposed-to-a-3d-marine-seismic-survey
#6
Andrew Heyward, Jamie Colquhoun, Edward Cripps, Denise McCorry, Marcus Stowar, Ben Radford, Karen Miller, Ian Miller, Chris Battershill
Scleractinian corals, primarily plate corals in families Agaricidae and Acroporidae, were monitored in situ before, during and after a 3D marine seismic survey. An initial four day seismic run, resulting in a maximum 24 h received sound exposure level (SEL24 ) of 204 dB re 1 μPa2 ·s and received 0-to-peak pressure (PK Pressure) of 226 dB re 1 μPa, had no detectable effect on soft tissues or skeletal integrity. Subsequently, a full marine seismic survey (Maxima 3D MSS), proceeded over two months and included seismic acquisition lines at 240 m spacing over the broader reef lagoon (South Scott Reef), generating maximum received SEL24 of 197 dB re 1 μPa2 ·s and received PK Pressure of 220 dB re 1 μPa at the coral monitoring sites...
April 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675642/dutch-guideline-for-clinical-foetal-neonatal-and-paediatric-post-mortem-radiology-including-a-review-of-literature
#7
REVIEW
L J P Sonnemans, M E M Vester, E E M Kolsteren, J J H M Erwich, P G J Nikkels, P A M Kint, R R van Rijn, W M Klein
Clinical post-mortem radiology is a relatively new field of expertise and not common practice in most hospitals yet. With the declining numbers of autopsies and increasing demand for quality control of clinical care, post-mortem radiology can offer a solution, or at least be complementary. A working group consisting of radiologists, pathologists and other clinical medical specialists reviewed and evaluated the literature on the diagnostic value of post-mortem conventional radiography (CR), ultrasonography, computed tomography (PMCT), magnetic resonance imaging (PMMRI), and minimally invasive autopsy (MIA)...
April 19, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673398/assessment-of-orthotic-needs-in-iranian-veterans-with-ankle-and-foot-disorders
#8
Kamiar Ghoseiri, Mostafa Allami, Mohammad Reza Soroush
BACKGROUND: War-related traumas can lead to orthopedic and neurological disorders in victims. However, the scope of such disorders may expand months or even years after the trauma. Orthotic treatment as a rehabilitation process aims to enable people with disabilities to reach and maintain their optimal physical, sensory, intellectual, psychological, and social functional levels. This study aimed to investigate the rate of using orthoses among Iranian veterans with neuromuscular and skeletal disorders of the ankle and foot...
April 20, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671248/executive-function-and-quality-of-life-in-individuals-with-marfan-syndrome
#9
Ileana Ratiu, Thomas B Virden, Hope Baylow, Melissa Flint, Mitra Esfandiarei
PURPOSE: Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a connective tissue disorder that affects skeletal, ocular, pulmonary, cardiovascular, and central nervous systems. Psychological and physiologic symptoms may lead to diminished quality of life (QoL) in individuals with MFS compared with healthy individuals. Currently, there is little evidence regarding the impact of MFS on executive function and QoL. This study examined perceptions of executive function and QoL among persons with MFS. METHOD: A total of 318 participants with MFS completed surveys assessing perceptions of executive function abilities and QoL...
April 18, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669494/an-epidemiological-investigation-of-an-idiopathic-myopathy-in-hunting-dogs-in-new-zealand
#10
H Hunt, N J Cave, B D Gartrell, N Cogger, J Petersen, W D Roe
AIM: To conduct an epidemiological investigation of an idiopathic myopathy, known as "Go Slow" (GSM), which was initially recognised in dogs used for pig hunting. A secondary aim was to describe the hunting activities, diet and health of dogs used for pig hunting in New Zealand. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted between June 2014-June 2017. Cases of GSM in dogs were diagnosed by veterinarians using a combination of clinical history, physical examination findings, serum biochemistry and/or skeletal muscle histology...
April 18, 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655775/relationship-between-water-intake-and-skeletal-muscle-mass-in-elderly-koreans-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#11
Jun-Il Yoo, Hana Choi M D, Sang-Yoon Song, Ki-Soo Park, Dong-Hoon Lee, Yong-Chan Ha
OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to evaluate the correlation between sarcopenia and water intake and investigate lack of daily water intake in the presence of sarcopenia in an elderly population. METHODS: Data from 3656 participants (1582 men and 2074 women) were analyzed using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Sarcopenia was defined in accordance with the criteria of the Asia Working Group for Sarcopenia. Water intake was assessed using the dietary water adequacy ratio and was calculated by dividing the daily water intake from fluid by the recommended daily amount of 1000 mL in men and 900 mL in women...
February 12, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652557/skeletal-response-to-treatment-with-teriparatide-tpd-after-bisphosphonate-in-post-menopausal-women-with-osteoporosis-and-a-high-prevalence-of-secondary-risk-factors-in-real-life-setting-of-a-metabolic-bone-clinic-effect-of-age-and-vitamin-d-status
#12
J Mok, C Brown, A E B Moore, S S Min, G Hampson
PURPOSE: Teriparatide (TPD) is a skeletal anabolic agent used in patients with severe post-menopausal osteoporosis (PMO) and steroid-induced osteoporosis who are at hish risk of fracture. Predictors of therapeutic response to teriparatide in real-life setting are not well characterised. We investigated potential factors associated with teriparatide response in post-menopausal women with established osteoporosis. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective survey of 48 women, aged 73...
April 13, 2018: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643884/brachdactyly-instigated-as-a-result-of-mutation-in-gdf5-and-nog-genes-in-pakistani-population
#13
Samiullah Khan, Muhammad Mudassir, Naqab Khan, Asmatullah Marwat
Objectives: Brachdactyly a genetic disorder associated with the abnormal development of metacarpals, phalanges or both which results in the shortening of hands and feet. Mutations in the contributing genes has been recognized with the majority of the investigated syndromic form of brachdactyly. The current study was proposed to examine mutation in NOG and GDF5 genes in a Pakistani family. Methods: Poly Acrylamide Gel Electrophoresis and Polymerase Chain Reaction was used for the genomic screening and linkage analysis to observe the mutation in genes...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629038/the-association-between-fat-mass-lean-mass-and-bone-mineral-density-in-premenopausal-women-in-korea-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Jeehyun Kim, Hyuktae Kwon, Bo-Kyoung Heo, Hee-Kyung Joh, Cheol Min Lee, Seung-Sik Hwang, Danbee Park, Jae-Hong Park
Background: We investigated the association between body composition, especially truncal or non-truncal fat mass (FM), and bone mineral density (BMD) in premenopausal women in Korea. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV and V (2008-2011). Total lean mass (LM), total FM (TFM), truncal FM, and non-truncal FM, and BMD of the total femur, femoral neck (FN), and lumbar spine were measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624960/associated-factors-with-sarcopenia-among-mexican-elderly-2012-national-health-and-nutrition-survey
#15
(no author information available yet)
Background: Sarcopenia involves the loss of skeletal muscle mass and age-related functionality; it diminishes physical independence, health and quality of life. In 2016 it was added to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). Information about the frequency of sarcopenia among Mexican older adults is scarce. The objective was to analyze associated factors with sarcopenia in Mexican older adults through the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey data. Methods: Cross-sectional study which included subjects of 60 years of age or more with simultaneous information on health and anthropometry questionnaires from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey...
2018: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623499/a-low-phase-angle-measured-with-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-is-associated-with-osteoporosis-and-is-a-risk-factor-for-osteoporosis-in-community-dwelling-people-the-yakumo-study
#16
Satoshi Tanaka, Kei Ando, Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Tetsuro Hida, Kenyu Ito, Mikito Tsushima, Masayoshi Morozumi, Masaaki Machino, Kyotaro Ota, Taisuke Seki, Naoki Ishiguro, Yukiharu Hasegawa, Shiro Imagama
Although the phase angle has been reported to be related to predictive factors and therapeutic effects in various diseases, its relation with osteoporosis is unclear. In our large prospective survey of community-dwelling people, a low phase angle was related with osteoporosis, and it could be a predictor of osteoporosis. PURPOSE: The phase angle measured with bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is one of the clinically important impedance parameters, and it is a predictor of prognosis and mortality for several diseases...
April 5, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620655/clinical-characteristics-and-treatment-outcomes-in-camurati-engelmann-disease-a-case-series
#17
Yoon-Myung Kim, Eungu Kang, Jin-Ho Choi, Gu-Hwan Kim, Han-Wook Yoo, Beom Hee Lee
BACKGROUND: Camurati-Engelmann disease is an extremely rare disease characterized by hyperostosis of multiple long bones. This condition is caused by heterozygous mutations in the TGFB1 gene. METHODS: We describe the clinical and genetic characteristics of 4 Korean patients with this rare disease diagnosed at Asan Medical Center in Korea between June 2012 and May 2016, to increase awareness about this condition among general physicians and orthopedists. The presenting features, biochemical findings, radiographic and nuclear imaging findings, molecular analysis, and treatment outcomes of 4 patients were reviewed retrospectively...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618868/alveolar-soft-part-sarcoma-of-the-forearm
#18
B Asokan, P Ramanan, M Sundararaj, E Kovarthini
Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is a rare form of soft-tissue sarcoma arising from connective tissue. It is most often seen in adolescents and young adults and has high propensity for recurrence and metastasis. Clinically, it mimics haemangioma or arteriovenous malformations. In our case report, an 18-year-old female presented with markedly vascular tumour in the left forearm, for which excision biopsy was done. Histopathological report revealed ASPS. The patient was screened for metastasis. Ultrasound abdomen, computed tomography (CT) chest, CT brain and whole-body skeletal survey was done...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573327/imaging-of-non-accidental-injury-what-is-clinical-best-practice
#19
REVIEW
Amy Nguyen, Robin Hart
Non-accidental injury (NAI) remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children. Fractures are the second most common findings of NAI, after cutaneous lesions such as bruises and contusions. Imaging in NAI remains a controversial issue with little agreement concerning how, when and what imaging modalities should be used in the investigation of suspected cases. This review addresses the radiological investigations and findings of NAI, and the differential diagnoses of these findings. Adherence to the international guidelines for skeletal survey imaging is recommended...
March 24, 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564475/increased-rate-of-osteoporosis-low-lean-mass-and-fragility-fractures-in-copd-patients-association-with-disease-severity
#20
R Q Graumam, M M Pinheiro, L E Nery, C H M Castro
A very high rate of osteoporosis, fractures, and low lean mass was observed in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Disease severity was associated with bone and muscle adverse outcomes, while age ≥ 63.5 years old, low lean mass, higher iPTH, and a T-score below - 2.5 were all associated with higher risk of fracture. INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis is frequently neglected in patients with COPD. We aimed at evaluating the rate of osteoporosis, fractures, and low lean mass in patients with COPD...
March 21, 2018: Osteoporosis International
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