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Skeletal survey

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220804/impact-of-symptomatic-skeletal-events-on-health-care-resource-utilization-and-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-and-bone-metastases
#1
R McKay, B Haider, M S Duh, A Valderrama, M Nakabayashi, M Fiorillo, L Ristovska, L Wen, P Kantoff
BACKGROUND: Data regarding the impact of symptomatic skeletal events (SSEs) on health economics and patient-reported outcomes in men with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and bone metastases from a clinical setting are lacking. Hence, this study aimed to quantify the effects of SSEs on health-care resource utilization (HRU), health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and pain in men with CRPC metastasized to bone. METHODS: This cohort study included men with CRPC and bone metastasis treated at a tertiary center during December 1996-July 2015...
February 21, 2017: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220585/sleep-duration-is-associated-with-body-fat-and-muscle-mass-and-waist-to-height-ratio-beyond-conventional-obesity-parameters-in-korean-adolescent-boys
#2
Ga Eun Nam, Kyungdo Han, Do Hoon Kim, Jee Hyun Lee, Won Hee Seo
While evidence has supported a strong association between sleep duration and obesity globally, results from studies of children and adolescents have been conflicting, and information about a sex-specific association has been limited. This study aimed to investigate the association of sleep duration with various parameters of obesity among South Korean adolescents. This population-based, cross-sectional study analysed the data obtained from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) 2009 and 2010...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181695/later-age-at-onset-of-independent-walking-is-associated-with-lower-bone-strength-at-fracture-prone-sites-in-older-men
#3
Alex Ireland, Stella Muthuri, Joern Rittweger, Judith E Adams, Kate A Ward, Diana Kuh, Rachel Cooper
Later age at onset of independent walking is associated with lower leg bone strength in childhood and adolescence. However it is unknown whether these associations persist into older age, or whether they are evident at axial (central) or upper limb sites. Therefore we examined walking age obtained at 2y and bone outcomes obtained by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) scans at 60-64y in a nationally-representative cohort study of British people, the MRC National Survey of Health and Development...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160241/retinal-haemorrhages-in-a-university-hospital-not-always-abusive-head-injury
#4
M Mattheij, C Venstermans, I de Veuster, I Vanderstraete, T Menovsky, P Jorens, B Ceulemans
Retinal haemorrhages (RH) and subdural haematomas (SDH) are frequently seen in abusive head trauma (AHT). The aim of our study is to show that they are suggestive, but not pathognomonic for AHT. We performed an observational retrospective study on children, aged 1-18 months old, admitted to the Antwerp University Hospital with RH. History, physical examination, medical course, coagulation and metabolic tests, skeletal survey, head circumference, retinal findings, cerebral imaging, and evaluation reports by social services or civil/criminal courts were collected...
February 3, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159946/lean-body-mass-in-urban-north-indian-adolescents-and-its-relation-with-bone-health
#5
Raman K Marwaha, M K Garg, Kuntal Bhadra, Namita Mahalle, Ambrish Mithal, Nikhil Tandon
OBJECTIVE: To prepare percentile charts of lean body mass (LBM) among Indian urban children and adolescents; and to evaluate gender differences in LBM, and its relation with pubertal status. DESIGN: Cross-sectional school-based survey. SETTING: School in city of Delhi, India. PARTICIPANTS: 1403 apparently healthy children and adolescents (826 boys) with mean (SD) age 13.2(2.7) years. OUTCOME MEASURES: Lean body mass assessed by dual energy absorptiometry in urban Indian adolescents according to age group and gender...
February 2, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154900/prevalence-of-burnout-among-musculoskeletal-radiologists
#6
Felix S Chew, Michael J Mulcahy, Jack A Porrino, Hyojeong Mulcahy, Annemarie Relyea-Chew
OBJECTIVE: Burnout is a job-related psychological syndrome with three aspects: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and perceived lack of personal accomplishment. Burnout is associated with deleterious effects on both workers and their work. When burnout affects physicians, their well-being, longevity, and care of patients are at risk. Recent studies concerning physician burnout treat specialists such as radiologists as one group. We studied burnout in musculoskeletal (MSK) subspecialist radiologists...
February 2, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152886/impact-of-precancer-multimorbidity-clusters-on-survival-and-functional-outcomes-after-cancer-in-older-patients
#7
Joshua Richman, Erin E Kent, Maria Pisu, Smita Bhatia
: 291 Background: While multimorbidity clustering is a significant problem in older adults, the impact of clusters present prior to cancer on post-diagnosis survival and function is unknown. We used SEER-Medicare Health Outcomes Survey data for 4583 cancer patients to address this research gap. METHODS: Patients with prostate (1741), breast (BC: 1345), colorectal (CRC: 904) and lung (593) cancer with pre- and post-diagnosis survey data were included. Surveys assessed comorbidity and activities of daily living (ADLs)...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152004/prolactin-rs1341239-t-allele-may-have-protective-role-against-the-brick-tea-type-skeletal-fluorosis
#8
Bing-Yun Li, Yan-Mei Yang, Yang Liu, Jing Sun, Yan Ye, Xiao-Na Liu, Hong-Xu Liu, Zhen-Qi Sun, Mang Li, Jing Cui, Dian-Jun Sun, Yan-Hui Gao
OBJECTIVE: Prolactin (PRL) has been reported to be associated with increased bone turnover, and increased bone turnover is also a feature of skeletal fluorosis (SF). Autocrine/paracrine production of PRL is regulated by the extrapituitary promoter and a polymorphism in the extrapituitary PRL promoter at -1149 (rs1341239) is associated with disturbances of bone metabolism in other diseases. Here, we have investigated the possibility that the rs1341239 polymorphism is associated with SF, which results from the consumption of brick tea...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138333/short-stature-and-hypoparathyroidism-in-a-child-with-kenny-caffey-syndrome-type-2-due-to-a-novel-mutation-in-fam111a-gene
#9
Mary B Abraham, Dong Li, Dave Tang, Susan M O'Connell, Fiona McKenzie, Ee Mun Lim, Hakon Hakonarson, Michael A Levine, Catherine S Choong
BACKGROUND: Hypoparathyroidism in children is a heterogeneous group with diverse genetic etiologies. To aid clinicians in the investigation and management of children with hypoparathyroidism, we describe the phenotype of a 6-year-old child with hypoparathyroidism and short stature diagnosed with Kenny-Caffey syndrome (KCS) Type 2 and the subsequent response to growth hormone (GH) treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: The proband presented in the neonatal period with hypocalcemic seizures secondary to hypoparathyroidism...
2017: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119837/comparison-of-balance-proprioception-and-skeletal-muscle-mass-in-total-hip-replacement-patients-with-and-without-fracture-a-pilot-study
#10
Seunghwi Jo, Si-Bog Park, Mi Jung Kim, Taikon Kim, Kyeong Il Park, Junhyun Sung, Un Jin Park, Yee Suk Kim, Byeong Jik Kang, Kyu Hoon Lee
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there was a difference in balance, proprioception, and skeletal muscle mass among patients who undergo hip fracture surgery relative to and elective total hip replacement (THR). METHODS: Thirty-one THR patients were enrolled. The patients were categorized into two groups: fracture group (n=15) and non-fracture group (n=16). Berg Balance Scale (BBS) was used to balance the proprioception of the hip joint while a joint position sense (JPS) test was used to evaluate it...
December 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094893/a-comparison-of-skeletal-maturity-assessed-by-radiological-and-ultrasonic-methods
#11
Katinka Utczas, Agota Muzsnai, Noel Cameron, Annamaria Zsakai, Eva B Bodzsar
OBJECTIVES: The estimation of skeletal maturity is a useful tool in pediatric practice to determine the degree of delay or advancement in growth disorders and the effectiveness of treatment in conditions that influence linear growth. Skeletal maturity of children is commonly assessed using either Greulich-Pyle (GP) or Tanner-Whitehouse methods (TW2 and TW3). However, a less invasive ultrasonic method, that does not use ionizing radiation, has been suggested for use in epidemiological studies of skeletal maturity...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077016/bone-mineral-density-is-close-to-normal-for-age-in-long-term-lymphoma-survivors-treated-with-high-dose-therapy-with-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation
#12
Mette Seland, Knut B Smeland, Trine Bjøro, Ragnhild S Falk, Sophie D Fosså, Clara G Gjesdal, Kristin Godang, Harald Holte, Johan Svartberg, Unni Syversen, Jens Bollerslev, Cecilie E Kiserud
BACKGROUND: Few studies have assessed bone health in lymphoma survivors treated with high-dose therapy with autologous stem cell transplantation (HDT-ASCT). Therefore, we aimed to assess bone mineral density (BMD) at six different skeletal sites and to investigate associations between clinical factors and BMD in these survivors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eligible lymphoma survivors were aged ≥18 years at diagnosis and at HDT-ASCT given between 1987 and 2008. Participants responded to questionnaires, blood samples were drawn, and a dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) was performed...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070628/osseointegrated-prosthetic-limb-for-the-treatment-of-lower-limb-amputations-experience-and-outcomes
#13
Munjed Al Muderis, William Lu, Jiao Jiao Li
BACKGROUND: Osseointegration has emerged over the past two decades as a dramatically different approach for the treatment of lower limb amputations, which involves direct attachment of the prosthesis to the skeletal residuum. This approach can address many of the socket-interface issues associated with socket prostheses which represent the current standard of care for amputees. The Osseointegrated Prosthetic Limb (OPL) is an osseointegration implant with a new design and improved features compared to other available implant systems...
January 9, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041872/use-of-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-dxa-for-diagnosis-and-fracture-risk-assessment-who-criteria-t-and-z-score-and-reference-databases
#14
Hans P Dimai
Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is a two-dimensional imaging technology developed to assess bone mineral density (BMD) of the entire human skeleton and also specifically of skeletal sites known to be most vulnerable to fracture. In order to simplify interpretation of BMD measurement results and allow comparability among different DXA-devices, the T-score concept was introduced. This concept involves an individual's BMD which is then compared with the mean value of a young healthy reference population, with the difference expressed as a standard deviation (SD)...
December 29, 2016: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029016/relationship-between-regional-body-fat-distribution-and-diabetes-mellitus-2008-to-2010-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys
#15
Soo In Choi, Dawn Chung, Jung Soo Lim, Mi Young Lee, Jang Yel Shin, Choon Hee Chung, Ji Hye Huh
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between regional body fat distribution, especially leg fat mass, and the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) in adult populations. METHODS: A total of 3,181 men and 3,827 postmenopausal women aged 50 years or older were analyzed based on Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (2008 to 2010). Body compositions including muscle mass and regional fat mass were measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
December 21, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012805/clinical-implications-of-sarcopenia-on-decreased-bone-density-in-men-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#16
Ji An Hwang, Young Sam Kim, Ah Young Leem, Moo Suk Park, Se Kyu Kim, Joon Chang, Ji Ye Jung
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia and osteoporosis are systemic features of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The present study investigated the association between sarcopenia and osteopenia/osteoporosis, and the factors associated with low bone mineral density (BMD) in men with COPD. METHODS: Data of 777 men with COPD who underwent both pulmonary function test and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry were extracted from the Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey database between 2008 and 2011...
December 21, 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007317/examining-the-role-of-follow-up-skeletal-surveys-in-non-accidental-trauma
#17
Rebecca D Powell-Doherty, Nora E Raynor, Donna A Goodenow, David G Jacobs, Anthony Stallion
BACKGROUND: Diagnosing NAT (non-accidental trauma) includes a skeletal survey to identify injuries. A follow-up survey is performed for missed injuries. This study examines the necessity of follow-up surveys. METHODS: The trauma database identified cases of suspected NAT in <4 years olds (2013-2014). Data were stratified by survey, age, injury, then analyzed for the prevalence of findings. All analyses (relative risk, prevalence and odds ratios) utilized RealStats Resource Pack (Trento, Italy)...
December 11, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983997/association-between-serum-triglyceride-to-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-ratio-and-sarcopenia-in-elderly-korean-males-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#18
Tae-Ha Chung, Yu-Jin Kwon, Jae-Yong Shim, Yong-Jae Lee
BACKGROUND: We investigated the association between the triglycerides to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL) ratio and sarcopenia in elderly Korean males. METHODS: We examined the relationship between the TG/HDL ratio and sarcopenia in 879 elderly males ≥60years who participated in the 2010-2011 KNHANES. Sarcopenia was defined as an appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM) divided by the weight (%), which is >1 SD below the mean for young adults. The odds ratios (ORs) for sarcopenia were calculated using multiple logistic regression across the TG/HDL ratio quartiles (Q1: ≤1...
October 28, 2016: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981464/assessing-coral-health-and-disease-from-digital-photographs-and-in-situ-surveys
#19
C A Page, S N Field, F J Pollock, J B Lamb, G Shedrawi, S K Wilson
Methods for monitoring the status of marine communities are increasingly adopting the use of images captured in the field. However, it is not always clear how data collected from photographic images relate to historic data collected using traditional underwater visual census methods. Here, we compare coral health and disease data collected in situ by scuba divers with photographic images collected simultaneously at 12 coral reef sites. Five globally relevant coral diseases were detected on 194 colonies from in situ surveys and 79 colonies from photos, whilst 698 colonies from in situ surveys and 535 colonies from photos exhibited signs of compromised health other than disease...
January 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965946/prevalence-of-sarcopenia-adjusted-body-mass-index-in-the-korean-woman-based-on-the-korean-national-health-and-nutritional-examination-surveys
#20
Hyoung-Moo Park, Yong-Chan Ha, Jun-Il Yoo, Hyun-Jun Ryu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine cut-off point of appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM) adjusted body mass index (BMI) for sarcopenia in the Korean women and evaluate the prevalence of sarcopenia in postmenopausal women. METHODS: This study was based on the data obtained from 2008 to 2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) IV and V. A whole body dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan and measurement of BMI were performed on individuals of ≥10 years old...
November 2016: Journal of Bone Metabolism
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