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Raphael F P Castellan, Marco Meloni
While a regenerative response is limited in the mammalian adult heart, it has been recently shown that the neonatal mammalian heart possesses a marked but transient capacity for regeneration after cardiac injury, including myocardial infarction. These findings evidence that the mammalian heart still retains a regenerative capacity and highlights the concept that the expression of distinct molecular switches (that activate or inhibit cellular mechanisms regulating tissue development and regeneration) vary during different stages of life, indicating that cardiac regeneration is an age-dependent process...
2018: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
Bowen Xu, Ling Cai, Jason M Butler, Dongliang Chen, Xiongdong Lu, David F Allison, Rui Lu, Shahin Rafii, Joel S Parker, Deyou Zheng, Gang Greg Wang
Self-renewal and differentiation of adult stem cells are tightly regulated partly through configuration of chromatin structure by chromatin remodelers. Using knockout mice, we here demonstrate that bromodomain PHD finger transcription factor (BPTF), a component of the nucleosome remodeling factor (NURF) chromatin-remodeling complex, is essential for maintaining the population size of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs), including long-term hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). Bptf-deficient HSCs are defective in reconstituted hematopoiesis, and hematopoietic-specific knockout of Bptf caused profound defects including bone marrow failure and anemia...
February 8, 2018: Stem Cell Reports
Raj Bhayadia, Kathrin Krowiorz, Nadine Haetscher, Razan Jammal, Stephan Emmrich, Askar Obulkasim, Jan Fiedler, Adrian Schwarzer, Arefeh Rouhi, Michael Heuser, Susanne Wingert, Sabrina Bothur, Konstanze Döhner, Tobias Mätzig, Michelle Ng, Dirk Reinhardt, Hartmut Döhner, C Michel Zwaan, Marry van den Heuvel Eibrink, Dirk Heckl, Maarten Fornerod, Thomas Thum, R Keith Humphries, Michael A Rieger, Florian Kuchenbauer, Jan-Henning Klusmann
Purpose Dysregulated microRNAs are implicated in the pathogenesis and aggressiveness of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We describe the effect of the hematopoietic stem-cell self-renewal regulating miR-193b on progression and prognosis of AML. Methods We profiled miR-193b-5p/3p expression in cytogenetically and clinically characterized de novo pediatric AML (n = 161) via quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and validated our findings in an independent cohort of 187 adult patients. We investigated the tumor suppressive function of miR-193b in human AML blasts, patient-derived xenografts, and miR-193b knockout mice in vitro and in vivo...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Xianming Wang, Michael Sterr, Ingo Burtscher, Shen Chen, Anja Hieronimus, Fausto Machicao, Harald Staiger, Hans-Ulrich Häring, Gabriele Lederer, Thomas Meitinger, Filippo M Cernilogar, Gunnar Schotta, Martin Irmler, Johannes Beckers, Martin Hrabě de Angelis, Michael Ray, Christopher V E Wright, Mostafa Bakhti, Heiko Lickert
OBJECTIVE: Homozygous loss-of-function mutations in the gene coding for the homeobox transcription factor (TF) PDX1 leads to pancreatic agenesis, whereas heterozygous mutations can cause Maturity-Onset Diabetes of the Young 4 (MODY4). Although the function of Pdx1 is well studied in pre-clinical models during insulin-producing β-cell development and homeostasis, it remains elusive how this TF controls human pancreas development by regulating a downstream transcriptional program. Also, comparative studies of PDX1 binding patterns in pancreatic progenitors and adult β-cells have not been conducted so far...
January 30, 2018: Molecular Metabolism
Sergio Burillo-Sanz, Rosario M Morales-Camacho, Teresa Caballero-Velázquez, Estrella Carrillo, Javier Sánchez, Olga Pérez-López, Inmaculada Pérez de Soto, José González Campos, Concepción Prats-Martín, Ricardo Bernal, M Teresa Vargas
OBJECTIVE: MLL gene is involved in more than 80 known genetic fusions in acute leukemia. To study the relevance of MLL partner gene and selected gene's expression, in this work we have studied a cohort of 20 MLL-rearranged acute myeloid leukemia (AML). METHODS: 20 MLL rearranged AML patients along with a control cohort of 138 AML patients are included in this work. By RT-PCR and sequencing, MLL genetic fusion was characterized, and relative gene expression quantification was carried out for EVI1, MEIS1, MLL-3', RUNX1, SETBP1, HOXA5 and FLT3 genes...
January 31, 2018: European Journal of Haematology
Hongtao Wang, Cuicui Liu, Xin Liu, Mengge Wang, Dan Wu, Jie Gao, Pei Su, Tatsutoshi Nakahata, Wen Zhou, Yuanfu Xu, Lihong Shi, Feng Ma, Jiaxi Zhou
Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) provide an unlimited source for generating various kinds of functional blood cells. However, efficient strategies for generating large-scale functional blood cells from hPSCs are still lacking, and the mechanism underlying human hematopoiesis remains largely unknown. In this study, we identified myeloid ectopic viral integration site 1 homolog (MEIS1) as a crucial regulator of hPSC early hematopoietic differentiation. MEIS1 is vital for specification of APLNR+ mesoderm progenitors to functional hemogenic endothelial progenitors (HEPs), thereby controlling formation of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs)...
January 17, 2018: Stem Cell Reports
Tomoo Owa, Shinichiro Taya, Satoshi Miyashita, Mariko Yamashita, Toma Adachi, Koyo Yamada, Miwa Yokoyama, Shogo Aida, Tomoki Nishioka, Yukiko U Inoue, Ryo Goitsuka, Takuro Nakamura, Takayoshi Inoue, Kozo Kaibuchi, Mikio Hoshino
Cerebellar granule cell precursors (GCPs) and granule cells (GCs) represent good models to study neuronal development. Here we report that the transcription factor, Meis1, plays pivotal roles to regulate mouse GC development. We found that Meis1 is expressed in granule cell lineage cells and astrocytes in the cerebellum during development. Targeted disruption of the Meis1 gene specifically in the GC lineage resulted in smaller cerebella with disorganized lobules. Knockdown/knockout experiments for Meis1 as well as in vitro assays show that Meis1 binds to an upstream sequence of Pax6 to enhance its transcription in GCPs/GCs and further suggested that the Meis1-Pax6 cascade regulates morphology of GCPs/GCs during development...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Ping Xiang, Wei Wei, Nicole Hofs, Jack Clemans-Gibbon, Tobias Maetzig, Courteney K Lai, Ishpreet Dhillon, Christopher May, Jens Ruschmann, Edith Schneider, Patricia Rosten, Kaiji Hu, Florian Kuchenbauer, Pamela A Hoodless, R Keith Humphries
Myeloid ecotropic viral integration site 1 (MEIS1), a HOX transcription cofactor, is a critical regulator of normal hematopoiesis, and its overexpression is implicated in a wide range of leukemias. Using the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein-9 (Cas9) gene-editing system, we generated a knock-in transgenic mouse line in which a green fluorescent protein (GFP) reporter and a hemagglutinin (HA) epitope tag are inserted near the translational start site of endogenous Meis1...
November 14, 2017: Blood Advances
Marco Carretta, Annet Z Brouwers-Vos, Matthieu Bosman, Sarah J Horton, Joost H A Martens, Edo Vellenga, Jan Jacob Schuringa
In the present work we aimed to identify targetable signaling networks in human MLL-AF9 leukemias. We show that MLL-AF9 cells critically depend on FLT3-ligand induced pathways as well as on BRD3/4 for their survival. We evaluated the in vitro and in vivo efficacy of the BRD3/4 inhibitor I-BET151 in various human MLL-AF9 (primary) models and patient samples and analyzed the transcriptome changes following treatment. To further understand the mode of action of BRD3/4 inhibition, we performed ChIP-seq experiments on the MLL-AF9 complex in THP1 cells and compared it to RNA-seq data of I-BET151 treated cells...
2017: PloS One
Edith Schneider, Anna Staffas, Linda Röhner, Erik D Malmberg, Arghavan Ashouri, Kathrin Krowiorz, Nicole Pochert, Christina Miller, Stella Yuan Wei, Laleh Arabanian, Christian Buske, Hartmut Döhner, Lars Bullinger, Linda Fogelstrand, Michael Heuser, Konstanze Döhner, Ping Xiang, Jens Ruschmann, Oleh I Petriv, Alireza Heravi-Moussavi, Carl L Hansen, Martin Hirst, R Keith Humphries, Arefeh Rouhi, Lars Palmqvist, Florian Kuchenbauer
Micro-ribonucleic acid-155 (miR-155) is one of the first described oncogenic miRNAs. Although multiple direct targets of miR-155 have been identified, it is not clear how it contributes to the pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukemia. We found miR-155 to be a direct target of Meis1 in murine Hoxa9/Meis1 induced acute myeloid leukemia. The additional overexpression of miR-155 accelerated the formation of acute myeloid leukemia in Hoxa9 as well as in Hoxa9/Meis1 cells in vivo However, in the absence or following the removal of miR-155, leukemia onset and progression were unaffected...
February 2018: Haematologica
Katrin Hetzner, Maria-Paz Garcia-Cuellar, Christian Büttner, Robert K Slany
Eleven-nineteen leukemia (ENL) is a chromatin reader present in complexes stimulating transcriptional elongation. It is fused to mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL) in leukemia, and missense mutations have been identified in Wilms tumor and acute myeloid leukemia. Here we demonstrate that ENL overcomes polycomb silencing through recruitment of PAF1 via the conserved YEATS domain, which recognizes acetylated histone H3. PAF1 was responsible for antirepressive activities of ENL in vitro, and it determined the transforming potential of MLL-ENL...
February 8, 2018: Blood
Sajjad Sisakhtnezhad, Parvin Heshmati
Identifying effective internal factors for regulating germline commitment during development and for maintaining spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) self-renewal is important to understand the molecular basis of spermatogenesis process, and to develop new protocols for the production of the germline cells from other cell sources. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate single-cell RNA-sequencing data for identification of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in 12 mouse-derived single SSCs (mSSCs) in compare with 16 mouse-derived single mesenchymal stem cells...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Bliss Magella, Mike Adam, Andrew S Potter, Meenakshi Venkatasubramanian, Kashish Chetal, Stuart B Hay, Nathan Salomonis, S Steven Potter
The developing kidney provides a useful model for study of the principles of organogenesis. In this report we use three independent platforms, Drop-Seq, Chromium 10x Genomics and Fluidigm C1, to carry out single cell RNA-Seq (scRNA-Seq) analysis of the E14.5 mouse kidney. Using the software AltAnalyze, in conjunction with the unsupervised approach ICGS, we were unable to identify and confirm the presence of 16 distinct cell populations during this stage of active nephrogenesis. Using a novel integrative supervised computational strategy, we were able to successfully harmonize and compare the cell profiles across all three technological platforms...
February 1, 2018: Developmental Biology
Fei Song, Hong Wang, Yingying Wang
Myeloid ecotropic viral integration site 1 (MEIS1) has been identified to be a potential tumor suppressor in some cancers. However, the mechanisms underlying MEIS1-induced cancer development and progression were not clear. Here, we investigated the expression and role of MEIS1 in gastric cancer. In vivo , we analyzed tumor growth using nude mice model. In the present study, MEIS1 expression was obviously decreased in GC cell lines compared with that in normal gastric cell lines (all p<0.001). MEIS1 overexpression inhibited cell proliferation and G1/S transition accompanied by decreased Cyclin D1 and Cyclin A expression...
October 27, 2017: Oncotarget
Félix J Jiménez-Jiménez, Hortensia Alonso-Navarro, Elena García-Martín, José A G Agúndez
A major role of genetic factors in the risk of developing restless legs syndrome (RLS) is supported by the high frequency of positive family history of RLS in patients affected with this disease, and the higher concordance rates in monozygotic twins compared with dizygotic ones in twin studies. In this review we have focused on those reports describing inheritance patterns of RLS, genetic anticipation, the results of studies performed on positivity of family history of RLS, twin studies, linkage studies in familial RLS, genome-wide association studies (GWAS), exome sequencing studies, and case-control association studies on candidate genes in RLS...
August 31, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Barbara Schormair, Chen Zhao, Steven Bell, Erik Tilch, Aaro V Salminen, Benno Pütz, Yves Dauvilliers, Ambra Stefani, Birgit Högl, Werner Poewe, David Kemlink, Karel Sonka, Cornelius G Bachmann, Walter Paulus, Claudia Trenkwalder, Wolfgang H Oertel, Magdolna Hornyak, Maris Teder-Laving, Andres Metspalu, Georgios M Hadjigeorgiou, Olli Polo, Ingo Fietze, Owen A Ross, Zbigniew Wszolek, Adam S Butterworth, Nicole Soranzo, Willem H Ouwehand, David J Roberts, John Danesh, Richard P Allen, Christopher J Earley, William G Ondo, Lan Xiong, Jacques Montplaisir, Ziv Gan-Or, Markus Perola, Pavel Vodicka, Christian Dina, Andre Franke, Lukas Tittmann, Alexandre F R Stewart, Svati H Shah, Christian Gieger, Annette Peters, Guy A Rouleau, Klaus Berger, Konrad Oexle, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, David A Hinds, Bertram Müller-Myhsok, Juliane Winkelmann
BACKGROUND: Restless legs syndrome is a prevalent chronic neurological disorder with potentially severe mental and physical health consequences. Clearer understanding of the underlying pathophysiology is needed to improve treatment options. We did a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies (GWASs) to identify potential molecular targets. METHODS: In the discovery stage, we combined three GWAS datasets (EU-RLS GENE, INTERVAL, and 23andMe) with diagnosis data collected from 2003 to 2017, in face-to-face interviews or via questionnaires, and involving 15 126 cases and 95 725 controls of European ancestry...
November 2017: Lancet Neurology
Chen Wang, Hao Jiang, Jia Jin, Yiqian Xie, Zhifeng Chen, Hao Zhang, Fulin Lian, Yu-Chih Liu, Chenhua Zhang, Hong Ding, Shijie Chen, Naixia Zhang, Yuanyuan Zhang, Hualiang Jiang, Kaixian Chen, Fei Ye, Zhiyi Yao, Cheng Luo
Protein Arginine Methyltransferases (PRMTs) are crucial players in diverse biological processes, and dysregulation of PRMTs has been linked to various human diseases, especially cancer. Therefore, small molecules targeting PRMTs have profound impact for both academic functional studies and clinical disease treatment. Here, we report the discovery of N1 -(2-((2-chlorophenyl)thio)benzyl)-N1 -methylethane-1,2-diamine (28d, DCPR049_12), a highly potent inhibitor of type I PRMTs that has good selectivity against a panel of other methyltransferases...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
C K Lai, G L Norddahl, T Maetzig, P Rosten, T Lohr, L Sanchez Milde, N von Krosigk, T R Docking, M Heuser, A Karsan, R K Humphries
Meningioma 1 (MN1) is an independent prognostic marker for normal karyotype acute myeloid leukemia (AML), with high expression linked to all-trans retinoic acid resistance and poor survival. MN1 is also a potent and sufficient oncogene in murine leukemia models, strongly dependent on the MEIS1/AbdB-like HOX protein complex to transform common myeloid progenitors, block myeloid differentiation, and promote leukemic stem cell self-renewal. To identify key genes and pathways underlying leukemic activity, we functionally assessed MN1 cell phenotypic heterogeneity, revealing leukemic and non-leukemic subsets...
September 29, 2017: Blood Cancer Journal
Carla Vermeulen Carvalho Grade, Carolina Stefano Mantovani, Marina Alves Fontoura, Faisal Yusuf, Beate Brand-Saberi, Lúcia Elvira Alvares
Myostatin (MSTN) is a strong inhibitor of skeletal muscle growth in human and other vertebrates. Its transcription is controlled by a proximal promoter/enhancer (Mstn P/E) containing a TATA box besides CREB, NF-Y, MEIS1 and FXR transcription factor binding sites (TFBSs), which are conserved throughout evolution. The aim of this work was to investigate the role of these TFBSs on Mstn P/E activity and evaluate the potential of their putative ligands as Mstn trans regulators. Mstn P/E mutant constructs were used to establish the role of conserved TFBSs using dual-luciferase assays...
October 2017: Molecular Biology Reports
Jana Naue, Huub C J Hoefsloot, Olaf R F Mook, Laura Rijlaarsdam-Hoekstra, Marloes C H van der Zwalm, Peter Henneman, Ate D Kloosterman, Pernette J Verschure
The use of DNA methylation (DNAm) to obtain additional information in forensic investigations showed to be a promising and increasing field of interest. Prediction of the chronological age based on age-dependent changes in the DNAm of specific CpG sites within the genome is one such potential application. Here we present an age-prediction tool for whole blood based on massive parallel sequencing (MPS) and a random forest machine learning algorithm. MPS allows accurate DNAm determination of pre-selected markers and neighboring CpG-sites to identify the best age-predictive markers for the age-prediction tool...
November 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
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