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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719965/living-donor-liver-transplantation-for-giant-hepatic-hemangioma-with-diffuse-hemangiomatosis-in-an-adult-a-case-report
#1
Ju Hyun Lee, Chang Jin Yoon, Young Hoon Kim, Ho-Seong Han, Jai Young Cho, Jai Young Cho, Haeryoung Kim, Eun Sun Jang, Jin-Wook Kim, Sook-Hyang Jeong
Hepatic hemangioma represents the most common benign primary hepatic neoplasm. Although most such tumors are small and asymptomatic, giant hepatic hemangioma is frequently symptomatic, and requires intervention. Moreover, diffuse multiple hepatic hemangiomatosis occupying almost the entire liver is extremely rare in adults, and the optimal management for this condition is unclear. We report a case of a rapidly growing, symptomatic giant hepatic hemangioma with diffuse hepatic hemangiomatosis in a 50-year-old female patient who was treated by living-donor liver transplantation...
July 19, 2017: Clinical and Molecular Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719923/-breaking-bad-news-to-cancer-patients-content-communication-preferences-and-psychological-distress
#2
Claudia Gebhardt, Claudia Gorba, Karin Oechsle, Sigrun Vehling, Uwe Koch, Anja Mehnert
Objectives Breaking bad news can be a very distressing situation for both patients and physicians. Physician communication behavior should therefore match patients' communication preferences. The aim of this study was to characterize the content of bad news from the patients' perspective. Patients' preferences for communication of bad news as well as the fit to communication behavior displayed by physicians were also investigated. Finally, consequences of a mismatch between patients' preferences and physician communication were investigated in relation to psychological distress in patients...
July 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719922/-stigmatization-in-employed-patients-with-breast-intestinal-prostate-and-lung-cancer
#3
Jochen Ernst, Anja Mehnert, Sabine Taubenheim, Anke Rentsch, Beate Hornemann, Peter Esser
Background The stigma of cancer patients can lead to far-reaching consequences, both for the individual and for the society. Quantitative studies on the stigmatization of cancer patients are scarce. The present study assessed the stigma of cancer patients in relation to their status of employment, and analyzes sociodemographic, disease and occupational predictors. Methods In a bicentric study, 858 patients with breast, bowel, lung or prostate cancer were included. Of these, n=305 were employed and entered into the analyses (age average 55 years, 43% female, 47% breast cancer)...
July 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719920/-parenting-concerns-and-psychological-burden-in-cancer-patients-with-minor-and-young-adult-children
#4
Laura Inhestern, Johanna Christine Bultmann, Volker Beierlein, Birgit Möller, Georg Romer, Uwe Koch, Corinna Bergelt
Background Aim of the study was to analyze parenting concerns in cancer survivors and to identify covariats for parenting concerns. Method In a cross-sectional epidemiological sample of cancer survivors with minor children (n=1416) demographic and disease-related variables and psychological distress (HADS) were assessed. Parenting concerns were assessed using the Parenting Concerns Questionnaire (PCQ). The instrument covers the 3 subscales concerns about the 'practical impact' of the disease on the children, about the 'emotional impact' and concerns about the 'co-parent'...
July 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719918/-the-wish-for-a-child-in-the-case-of-permanent-infertility-development-of-the-german-questionnaire-on-attitudes-toward-motherhood
#5
Maike Fliegner, Hertha Richter-Appelt, Kerstin Krupp, Franziska Brunner
Study 1 Development of the questionnaire Most questionnaires on attitudes toward motherhood presume that the subject is fertile and positive and negative attitudes are represented on a one-dimensional scale. Moreover, the questionnaires often do not provide German versions and German norms. The aim of this study is to examine whether the German Questionnaire on Attitudes toward Motherhood ("FEMu") can be used to describe attitudes toward motherhood multi-dimensionally and whether it is applicable independent of a person's fertility status...
July 18, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719886/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-reciprocal-relationship-between-ever-smoking-and-urgency-in-early-adolescence
#6
Jessica L Burris, Elizabeth Riley, Gabriella E Puleo, Gregory T Smith
BACKGROUND: Among early adolescents in the United States (U.S.), the prevalence of cigarette smoking is at its lowest level in recent decades. Nonetheless, given the risks of smoking in early development, it remains critically important to study both risk factors for smoking and risks from smoking. This longitudinal study with U.S. early adolescents examines smoking initiation and tests a model of reciprocal prediction between ever smoking and the personality trait of urgency (i.e., mood-based impulsivity), a trait that increases risk for multiple forms of dysfunction...
July 11, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719883/sublethal-insecticide-exposure-affects-reproduction-chemical-phenotype-as-well-as-offspring-development-and-antennae-symmetry-of-a-leaf-beetle
#7
Thorben Müller, Alexander Prosche, Caroline Müller
The area of agriculturally used land and following to that the use of pesticides are steadily increasing. Insecticides do not only reduce pest organisms on crops but can also affect non-target organisms when present in sublethal concentrations in the environment. We investigated the effects of an exposure to sublethal pyrethroid (lambda-cyhalothrin) concentrations, at doses 20 and 60 times lower than the LC50, respectively, on reproductive traits and adult cuticular hydrocarbon (CHC) profiles of a leaf beetle (Phaedon cochleariae Fabricius)...
July 15, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719820/intrarater-reliability-and-agreement-of-linear-encoder-derived-heel-rise-endurance-test-outcome-measures-in-healthy-adults
#8
Christopher Byrne, David J Keene, Sarah E Lamb, Keith Willett
A linear encoder measuring vertical displacement during the heel-rise endurance test (HRET) enables the assessment of work and maximum height in addition to the traditional repetitions measure. We aimed to compare the test-retest reliability and agreement of these three outcome measures. Thirty-eight healthy participants (20 females, 18 males) performed the HRET on two occasions separated by a minimum of seven days. Reliability was assessed by the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and agreement by a range of measures including the standard error of measurement (SEM), coefficient of variation (CV), and 95% limits of agreement (LoA)...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719811/risk-of-secondary-malignancies-after-radiation-therapy-for-breast-cancer-comprehensive-results
#9
Lindsay M Burt, Jian Ying, Matthew M Poppe, Gita Suneja, David K Gaffney
GOALS: To assess risks of secondary malignancies in breast cancer patients who received radiation therapy compared to patients who did not. METHODS: The SEER database was used to identify females with a primary diagnosis of breast cancer as their first malignancy, during 1973-2008. We excluded patients with metastatic disease, age <18 years, no definitive surgical intervention, ipsilateral breast cancer recurrence, or who developed a secondary malignancy within 1 year of diagnosis...
July 15, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719787/in-vivo-performance-of-a-novel-anatomically-shaped-total-meniscal-prosthesis-made-of-polycarbonate-urethane-a-12-month-evaluation-in-goats
#10
Anne C T Vrancken, Gerjon Hannink, Wojciech Madej, Nico Verdonschot, Tony G van Tienen, Pieter Buma
BACKGROUND: Injury or loss of the meniscus generally leads to degenerative osteoarthritic changes in the knee joint. However, the treatment options for symptomatic patients with total meniscectomy are limited. Therefore, we developed a novel, anatomically shaped, total meniscal implant made of polycarbonate urethane. PURPOSE: To evaluate the in vivo performance of this novel total meniscal implant. The assessment particularly focused on the implant's response to long-term physiological loading in a goat model and its chondroprotective capacity in comparison to clinically relevant controls...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719770/household-exposure-to-livestock-and-health-in-the-chililab-hdss-cohort-vietnam
#11
Sinh Dang-Xuan, Lauren E MacDonald, Janna M Schurer, Hung Nguyen-Viet, Phuc Pham-Duc
In Vietnam, pigs and poultry are predominantly produced by small-scale farmers, creating challenges for zoonotic disease management. The objective of this study was to characterize practices related to livestock and manure management and to measure association with 3 self-reported health symptoms (coughing, fever, and diarrhea/nausea/vomiting) in a region currently undergoing health transitions. We analyzed cross-sectional survey data collected from a subset (N = 5520) of the Chi Linh Health and Demographic Surveillance System cohort in Chi Linh district, Vietnam...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719755/clinical-risk-factors-and-prognostic-model-for-primary-graft-dysfunction-after-lung-transplantation-in-patients-with-pulmonary-hypertension
#12
Mary K Porteous, James C Lee, David J Lederer, Scott M Palmer, Edward Cantu, Rupal J Shah, Scarlett L Bellamy, Vibha N Lama, Sangeeta M Bhorade, Maria M Crespo, John F McDyer, Keith M Wille, A Russell Localio, Jonathan B Orens, Pali D Shah, Ann B Weinacker, Selim Arcasoy, David S Wilkes, Lorraine B Ware, Jason D Christie, Steven M Kawut, Joshua M Diamond
RATIONALE: Pulmonary hypertension from pulmonary arterial hypertension or parenchymal lung disease is associated with an increased risk of primary graft dysfunction after lung transplantation. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the clinical determinants of severe primary graft dysfunction in pulmonary hypertension and developed and validated a prognostic model. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients in the multi-center Lung Transplant Outcomes Group with pulmonary hypertension at transplant listing...
July 18, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719752/return-to-sport-after-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-recreational-athletes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Florence Aim, Jean-David Werthel, Julien Deranlot, Marie Vigan, Geoffroy Nourissat
BACKGROUND: One of the most frequent demands from patients after shoulder replacement surgery is to return to sport. PURPOSE: To determine the rate of return to sport after shoulder arthroplasty (total shoulder arthroplasty, reverse shoulder arthroplasty, hemiarthroplasty) in recreational athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis and systematic review. METHODS: The PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines were followed to perform this systematic review and meta-analysis of the results in the literature as well as the presentation of results...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719733/characterizing-a-mouse-model-for-evaluation-of-countermeasures-against-hydrogen-sulfide-induced-neurotoxicity-and-neurological-sequelae
#14
Poojya Anantharam, Elizabeth M Whitley, Belinda Mahama, Dong-Suk Kim, Paula M Imerman, Dahai Shao, Monica R Langley, Arthi Kanthasamy, Wilson K Rumbeiha
Hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) is a highly neurotoxic gas. It is the second most common cause of gas-induced deaths. Beyond mortality, surviving victims of acute exposure may suffer long-term neurological sequelae. There is a need to develop countermeasures against H2 S poisoning. However, no translational animal model of H2 S-induced neurological sequelae exists. Here, we describe a novel mouse model of H2 S-induced neurotoxicity for translational research. In paradigm I, C57/BL6 mice were exposed to 765 ppm H2 S for 40 min on day 1, followed by 15-min daily exposures for periods ranging from 1 to 6 days...
July 18, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719653/isolation-of-a-monoclonal-antibody-from-a-phage-display-library-binding-the-rhesus-macaque-mhc-class-i-allomorph-mamu-a1-001
#15
Nathan Holman, Jason T Weinfurter, Trevor R Harsla, Roger W Wiseman, Aaron J Belli, Anthony J Michaels, Keith A Reimann, Robert I DeMars, Matthew R Reynolds
Monoclonal antibodies that bind to human leukocyte antigen (HLA) are useful tools for HLA-typing, tracking donor-recipient chimerisms after bone marrow transplants, and characterizing specific major histocompatibility complexes (MHC) on cell surfaces. Unfortunately, equivalent reagents are not available for rhesus macaques, which are commonly used animal as models in organ transplant and infectious disease research. To address this deficiency, we isolated an antibody that recognizes the common Indian rhesus macaque MHC class I molecule, Mamu-A1*001...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719612/renal-osteodystrophy-in-the-obesity-era-is-metabolic-syndrome-relevant
#16
Janaina Da Silva Martins, João Henrique Castro, Nestor A Sainz Rueda, Luciene Machado Dos Reis, Vanda Jorgetti, Rosa Maria Affonso Moysés, Jacqueline Teixeira Caramori
BACKGROUND: Observational studies have shown a beneficial effect of obesity on bone health; however, most of those studies were not based on bone biopsies. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) could have an effect on bone remodeling. However, there are no data on the effects of MetS in the presence of renal osteodystrophy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate associations between MetS and renal osteodystrophy using the bone histomorphometric turnover-mineralization-volume (TMV) classification...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719610/a-decade-of-hiv-care-in-rural-tanzania-trends-in-clinical-outcomes-and-impact-of-clinic-optimisation-in-an-open-prospective-cohort
#17
Fiona Vanobberghen, Emilio Letang, Anna Gamell, Dorcas K Mnzava, Diana Faini, Lameck B Luwanda, Herry Mapesi, Kim Mwamelo, George Sikalengo, Marcel Tanner, Christoph Hatz, Hansjakob Furrer, Manuel Battegay, Tracy R Glass
OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to describe trends in enrolment and clinical outcomes in the open, prospective Kilombero and Ulanga Antiretroviral Cohort (KIULARCO) in the Morogoro region of southern Tanzania, and identify strengths and areas for improvement in the care of HIV-positive individuals in rural Tanzania. METHODS: We included adults (≥15 years) and children (<15 years) enrolled in the cohort in 2005-2014. The cohort underwent significant changes from autumn 2012 to optimise care...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719593/long-term-treatment-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-with-swallowed-topical-corticosteroids-development-and-evaluation-of-a-therapeutic-concept
#18
Thomas Greuter, Christian Bussmann, Ekaterina Safroneeva, Alain M Schoepfer, Luc Biedermann, Stephan R Vavricka, Alex Straumann
OBJECTIVES: Swallowed topical corticosteroids (STCs) are efficacious in inducing and presumably maintaining remission in patients with active eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). Hitherto, it has not been evaluated whether long-lasting remission can be achieved, and whether treatment can be stopped once patients have achieved this remission. METHODS: Since 2007, EoE patients included into a large database at the Swiss EoE Clinics were put on STCs as induction/maintenance therapy...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719511/plasma-cell-myeloma-in-children-and-young-adults-a-report-of-4-cases-from-a-single-institution-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#19
Sophia Yohe, Mark Luquette, Troy C Lund, Lucie M Turcotte, Michelle Dolan, Robert W McKenna
Plasma cell myeloma (PCM) is rare in children and young adults and therefore may be difficult to diagnose. Here we report the clinicopathologic findings of 4 patients under the age of 30 diagnosed with PCM at our institution and summarize the literature about 48 other cases of PCM in this age group. The male:female ratio was 1.2:1 and the number of cases increased with age. Children and young adults with PCM often present with a plasmacytoma and are less likely to have asymptomatic PCM than their adult counterparts...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719498/incidence-of-active-tuberculosis-and-cohort-retention-among-adolescents-in-western-kenya
#20
Videlis Nduba, Anna H Van't Hoog, Ellen M H Mitchell, Martien Borgdorff, Kayla F Laserson
SETTING: Siaya County, with the highest tuberculosis notification rates in Kenya. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of active tuberculosis and one year cohort retention in 12-18 year old adolescents, in preparation for Phase III tuberculosis vaccine trials. METHODS: Adolescents were enrolled and followed up for 1-2 years to determine tuberculosis incidence. Adolescents with a positive tuberculin skin test (TST), history of cohabitation with a tuberculosis case, or at least one tuberculosis symptom received clinical and sputum examination and a chest radiograph...
July 14, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
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