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Sungjun Noh, Hye-Sun Kim, Jinhwa Chang, Ji-Houn Kang, Dongwoo Chang, Mhan-Pyo Yang
OBJECTIVE To determine serum cholecystokinin (CCK) concentrations in dogs with pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism (PDH) and to evaluate associations among CCK concentration, PDH, and gallbladder mucocele (GBM). ANIMALS 14 client-owned dogs with PDH and 14 healthy dogs. PROCEDURES Dogs were separated into 4 groups: healthy dogs without gallbladder sludge (group A; n = 7), healthy dogs with gallbladder sludge (group B; 7), dogs with PDH and gallbladder sludge (group C; 8), and dogs with PDH and GBM (group D; 6)...
October 2016: American Journal of Veterinary Research
A M Canonne, G Bolen, D Peeters, F Billen, C Clercx
BACKGROUND: Treatment of canine idiopathic eosinophilic bronchopneumopathy mainly consists of long-term oral corticosteroid therapy. To avoid side effects, inhaled steroid therapy has been increasingly used but long-term clinical response and potential side effects are sparsely described. OBJECTIVES: Description of clinical response and side effects with long-term fluticasone in dogs with eosinophilic bronchopneumopathy. METHODS: Case series of dogs with eosinophilic bronchopneumopathy and treated with fluticasone monotherapy for at least 6 months...
October 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Cecilia Robat, Ruth Houseright, Joanne Murphey, Saundra Sample, Marie Pinkerton
An 11-year-old neutered male Alaskan Malamute mixed-breed dog was presented with a complaint of polyuria/polydipsia (PU/PD), weight loss, tachypnea, regurgitation, and a previous history of nontreated osteosarcoma of the right distal radius, diagnosed 21 months prior. On physical examination, an abdominal mass was palpated. The abdominal mass was aspirated and cytologically diagnosed as a neuroendocrine tumor, suspected to be a pheochromocytoma. Laboratory examination revealed a mild anemia and thrombocytopenia, markedly elevated ATP and ALP activities, and moderate hypercalcemia...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
C Aldridge, E N Behrend, R J Kemppainen, T M Lee-Fowler, L G Martin, C R Ward, D Bruyette, J Pannu, P Gaillard, H P Lee
BACKGROUND: Lowering the cosyntropin dose needed for ACTH stimulation would make the test more economical. OBJECTIVES: To compare the cortisol response to 1 and 5 μg/kg cosyntropin IV in dogs being screened for hyperadrenocorticism (HAC) and in dogs receiving trilostane or mitotane for pituitary-dependent HAC. ANIMALS: Healthy dogs (n = 10); client-owned dogs suspected of having HAC (n = 39) or being treated for pituitary-dependent HAC with mitotane (n = 12) or trilostane (n = 15)...
July 18, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Eric C Ledbetter, Patrick L McDonough, Kay Kim
OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical, in vivo confocal microscopic, histopathologic, and microbiologic features of canine and feline cases of infectious crystalline keratopathy (ICK). ANIMALS STUDIED: Six dogs and two cats with naturally acquired ICK. PROCEDURES: Medical records of dogs and cats with a clinical diagnosis of ICK were reviewed. Signalment, medical history, clinical findings, and diagnostic evaluations were retrieved, including corneal cytology, histopathology, in vivo confocal microscopy, and microbiology results...
June 29, 2016: Veterinary Ophthalmology
Hung-Yin Chen, Yu-Hsin Lien, Hui-Pi Huang
An increased renal resistive index (RI) and albuminuria are markers of target organ damage secondary to systemic hypertension. This study evaluated associations between systemic blood pressure (SBP), renal RI, pulsatility index (PI), and albuminuria in dogs with pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism (PDH). Predictors of overall mortality were investigated. Twenty client-owned dogs with PDH and 20 clinically healthy client-owned dogs as matched controls were included. Incidence rates of systemic hypertension (SBP ≥ 160 mmHg), albuminuria, and increased renal RI (≥ 0...
2016: International Journal of Endocrinology
Seunghyeon Yoon, Heejin Oui, Ju-Hwan Lee, Kyu-Yeol Son, Kyoung-Oh Cho, Jihye Choi
Diagnosis of adrenal tumor without typical clinical signs related with hyperadrenocorticism and elevated alkaline phosphatase is challenging. This report describes the sex hormone secreting adrenal tumor in a 10-year-old castrated male Shih Tzu evaluated with repetitive ultrasonographic examination. An adrenocorticotropic hormone stimulation test revealed elevated basal and post-concentrations of androstenedione and 17-hydroxyprogesterone but normal concentration of cortisol. The mass was surgically excised and adenoma was diagnosed histopathologically...
June 13, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Science
D G O'Neill, C Scudder, J M Faire, D B Church, P D McGreevy, P C Thomson, D C Brodbelt
OBJECTIVES: To estimate prevalence and risk factors for diagnosis with hyperadrenocorticism in dogs attending primary-care veterinary practices in the UK from 2009 to 2014. METHODS: Cases were identified by searching the de-identified electronic patient records from UK primary-care veterinary practices participating in the VetCompass Programme. RESULTS: The estimated prevalence for hyperadrenocorticism diagnosis in dogs was 0·28% (95% confidence interval: 0·25 to 0·31)...
July 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Sofie J J Marynissen, Pascale M Y Smets, Liesbeth F E Ghys, Dominique Paepe, Joris Delanghe, Sara Galac, Evelyne Meyer, Hervé P Lefebvre, Sylvie Daminet
BACKGROUND: Serum cystatin C (sCysC) is used as biomarker for glomerular filtration rate (GFR). The effects of diabetes mellitus (DM) on renal function in dogs are unclear. Some renal variables have been evaluated in dogs with hyperadrenocorticism (HAC), but not sCysC. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was the validation of a particle-enhanced nephelometric immunoassay (PENIA) for measuring canine sCysC, and to assess renal function in dogs with DM or HAC. METHODS: A PENIA was analytically validated for canine sCysC by determining imprecision and linearity...
June 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
I K Wise, S Boveri
Adrenalectomies in dogs are being more commonly performed, however anaesthetic management of such cases can be challenging due to the multiple aetiologies of adrenal tumours and the physiological role of adrenal glands. This case report describes the anaesthetic management of a dog with clinical signs of hyperadrenocorticism that underwent unilateral adrenalectomy via laparotomy and discusses anaesthetic preparedness, protocol selection and management of complications for dogs undergoing adrenalectomy.
2016: Open veterinary journal
Hiroshi Takano, Akira Kokubu, Keisuke Sugimoto, Hiroshi Sunahara, Takuma Aoki, Yoko Fujii
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
A Sato, T Teshima, H Ishino, Y Harada, T Yogo, N Kanno, D Hasegawa, Y Hara
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to establish a magnetic resonance imaging-based classification system for canine hyperadrenocorticism according to pituitary gland extension, determine indications for trans-sphenoidal hypophysectomy, and clarify the prognosis for each disease grade. METHODS: A 5-point classification system (Grades 1 to 5) was developed based on tumour extension in dorsal and cranio-caudal directions. Cases were then classified as Type A: no arterial circle of Willis or cavernous sinus involvement and Type B: cases in which these blood vessels were involved...
May 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Ayla R Preston, Lauren A Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: To report the management of a dog that required 2 treatments with mechanical ventilation; firstly for severe tracheal collapse and secondly following deployment of a nitinol tracheal stent that immediately preceded a nonoxygen responsive pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE), suspected to have originated from the right atrium. CASE SUMMARY: A 9-year-old female spayed Shetland Sheepdog was presented for management of a gallbladder mucocoele. Pertinent history included iatrogenic hyperadrenocorticism and tracheal collapse...
April 13, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Audrey K Cook, Anisha V Jambhekar, Allison M Dylewski
Echogenic luminal contents are often noted during ultrasonographic examination of the gallbladder (GB) in canine patients, but the significance of biliary sludge is not well understood. GB contents were evaluated during 200 sequential ultrasonographic scans performed at a veterinary school, and sludge was quantified using a 1-5 scale. GB volume was retrospectively estimated from stored images. Medical records were used to determine patient demographics, clinicopathologic findings, and diagnoses/disorders. The majority of dogs (66...
May 2016: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
Andrew D Woolcock, Andrew C Bugbee, Kate E Creevy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate use of cortisol concentration prior to ACTH stimulation (baseline) to monitor efficacy of twice-daily administration of trilostane to dogs with pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism (PDH). DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: 22 dogs with PDH. PROCEDURES: The database of a veterinary hospital was searched to identify dogs with PDH that were treated with the FDA-approved veterinary formulation of trilostane twice daily between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2012...
April 1, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Thais R Mann, Gustavo C Cadore, Giovana Camillo, Fernanda S F Vogel, Claudete Schmidt, Cinthia M Andrade
The clinical signs of infection in dogs with Neospora caninum are usually associated with neurological disorders and are seen in young dogs. In this brief case report we observed multifocal ulcerative and exudative skin nodules on the neck and pelvic limbs of a 10-year-old cocker spaniel dog. Infection with N. caninum was diagnosed on the basis of cytology and examination of skin tissues by PCR. The dog initially responded to treatment with clindamycin and then relapsed; the dog died. Infection with N. caninum may have been due in part to immune suppression due to hyperadrenocorticism; which either allowed for the development of a primary infection or reactivation of a latent infection by N...
March 7, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
Hitomi Oda, Akihiro Mori, Saori Shono, Eri Onozawa, Toshinori Sako
This study investigated the changes in lymphocyte subsets during the trilostane medication of Pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism (PDH) dogs. The cortisol level and lymphocyte subsets of eight dogs with PDH were monitored 0, 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months after the initiation of trilostane treatment. White blood cells (WBC), lymphocytes, CD3(+) (T lymphocyte), CD4(+) (helper T lymphocyte), CD8(+) (cytotoxic T lymphocyte) and CD21(+) (B lymphocyte) cells were measured. Although the post-ACTH stimulation test cortisol level was significantly lower during trilostane treatment, changes in the CD3(+), CD4(+), CD8(+) and CD21(+) counts were not observed...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Satoshi Nozawa, Touko Sato, Kinya Katayama, Katsumi Ishioka, Toshinori Sako, Toshiro Arai, Hiroyuki Tazaki
In dogs, hyperadrenocorticism (HAC) is associated with insulin resistance and diabetes does progress with HAC. There are significant differences in the transcriptomic and proteomic patterns of activated T cells, which parallel the findings in muscle tissues. The aim of this study was to assess how glucocorticoids affect intracellular metabolites in canine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (CnPBMCs) using dexamethasone. A total of 96 metabolites were identified by capillary electrophoresis time-of-flight mass spectrometry (CE-TOFMS)...
January 2016: Veterinary Journal
Frank Künzel, Jörg Mayer
Functional endocrine tumours have long been thought to be rare in guinea pigs, although conditions such as hyperthyroidism and hyperadrenocorticism have been documented with increasing frequency so the prevalence of hormonal disorders may have been underestimated. Both the clinical signs and diagnosis of hyperthyroidism in guinea pigs appear to be very similar to those described in feline hyperthyroidism, and methimazole has been proven to be a practical therapy option. Hyperadrenocorticism has been confirmed in several guinea pigs with an adrenocorticotropic hormone stimulation test using saliva as a non-invasive sample matrix; trilostane has been successfully used to treat a guinea pig with hyperadrenocorticism...
December 2015: Veterinary Journal
N S Sieber-Ruckstuhl, W A Burkhardt, N Hofer-Inteeworn, B Riond, I T Rast, R Hofmann-Lehmann, C E Reusch, F S Boretti
BACKGROUND: The ACTH stimulation test is used to evaluate the adrenocortical reserve. Recently, the availability of the synthetic ACTH formulation was limited, causing major problems in clinical practice. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate poststimulation peak cortisol concentrations and the duration of the stimulatory effect of a depot ACTH preparation in dogs. ANIMALS: Twenty-two healthy dogs, 10 dogs with suspected hypoadrenocorticism (HA) and 15 dogs with suspected hyperadrenocorticism (HC)...
November 2015: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
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