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Dorsal root ganglion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816708/single-incision-approach-to-implantation-of-the-pulse-generator-and-leads-for-dorsal-root-ganglion-stimulation-a-case-report
#1
Valery van Velsen, Noud van Helmond, Mitchell E Levine, Kenneth B Chapman
Dorsal root ganglion (DRG) stimulation has recently emerged as a treatment for persistent neuropathic pain, but the permanent implantation of stimulator leads and the pulse generator can be difficult and is sometimes associated with complications. We used a single-incision approach to tunnel and implant the leads and pulse generator for DRG stimulation treatment in a patient suffering from intractable foot pain. At long-term follow-up, the patient experienced a decrease in pain intensity and improvement in function, without any complications...
August 14, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813592/3d-printed-phema-materials-for-topographical-and-biochemical-modulation-of-dorsal-root-ganglion-cell-response
#2
Adina Badea, Joselle M McCracken, Emily G Tillmaand, Mikhail Eugene Kandel, Aaron W Oraham, Molly B Mevis, Stanislav S Rubakhin, Gabriel Popescu, Jonathan V Sweedler, Ralph G Nuzzo
Understanding and controlling the interactions occurring between cells and engineered materials are central challenges towards progress in the development of biomedical devices. In this work, we describe materials for direct ink writing (DIW), an extrusion-based type of 3D printing, that embed a custom synthetic protein (RGD-PDL) within the microfilaments of 3D-hydrogel scaffolds to modify these interactions and differentially direct tissue-level organization of complex cell populations in vitro. The RGD-PDL is synthesized by modifying poly-ᴅ-lysine (PDL) to varying extents with peptides containing the integrin-binding motif Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD)...
August 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812431/oral-administration-of-curcumin-attenuates-visceral-hyperalgesia-through-inhibiting-phosphorylation-of-trpv1-in-rat-model-of-ulcerative-colitis
#3
Mei Yang, Juan Wang, Chunxue Yang, Hongxiu Han, Weifang Rong, Guohua Zhang
Background Curcumin has been reported to have anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive effects. The present study was designed to explore the potential therapeutic effects of curcumin on visceral hyperalgesia and inflammation in a rat model of ulcerative colitis. We observed the effects of orally administered curcumin on the disease activity index, histological change in colon, colorectal distension-induced abdominal withdrawal reflex, the expression of transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) and phosphorylated TRPV1 in dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis rats...
January 2017: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810599/effects-of-niflumic-acid-on-%C3%AE-aminobutyric-acid-induced-currents-in-isolated-dorsal-root-ganglion-neurons-of-neuropathic-pain-rats
#4
Li-Jie Wang, Yang Wang, Meng-Jie Chen, Zhen-Pu Tian, Bi-Han Lu, Ke-Tao Mao, Liang Zhang, Lei Zhao, Li-Ya Shan, Li Li, Jun-Qiang Si
Niflumic acid (NFA) is a type of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Neuropathic pain is caused by a decrease in presynaptic inhibition mediated by γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA). In the present study, a whole-cell patch-clamp technique and intracellular recording were used to assess the effect of NFA on GABA-induced inward current in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons of a chronic constriction injury (CCI) model. It was observed that 1-1,000 µmol/l GABA induced a concentration-dependent inward current in DRG neurons...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809766/crispr-cas9-editing-of-nf1-gene-identifies-crmp2-as-a-therapeutic-target-in-neurofibromatosis-type-1-related-pain-that-is-reversed-by-s-lacosamide
#5
Aubin Moutal, Xiaofang Yang, Wennan Li, Kerry B Gilbraith, Shizhen Luo, Song Cai, Liberty François-Moutal, Lindsey A Chew, Seul Ki Yeon, Shreya S Bellampalli, Chaoling Qu, Jennifer Y Xie, Mohab M Ibrahim, May Khanna, Ki Duk Park, Frank Porreca, Rajesh Khanna
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a rare autosomal dominant disease linked to mutations of the Nf1 gene. Patients with NF1 commonly experience severe pain. Studies on mice with Nf1 haploinsufficiency have been instructive in identifying sensitization of ion channels as a possible cause underlying the heightened pain suffered by patients with NF1. However, behavioral assessments of Nf1 mice have led to uncertain conclusions about the potential causal role of Nf1 in pain. We used the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-associated 9 (CRISPR/Cas9) genome editing system to create and mechanistically characterize a novel rat model of NF1-related pain...
July 3, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807786/dexmedetomidine-prolongs-levobupivacaine-analgesia-via-inhibition-of-inflammation-and-p38-mapk-phosphorylation-in-rat-dorsal-root-ganglion
#6
Shunsuke Yamakita, Megumi Matsuda, Yosuke Yamaguchi, Teiji Sawa, Fumimasa Amaya
Following tissue injury, phosphorylation of p38 MAPK in the primary afferent neurons drives sensitization of peripheral nerve. Dexmedetomidine extends the duration of reginal analgesia by local anesthetics. The effect of regional analgesia on the peripheral nerve sensitization is not known. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of regional analgesia by levobupivacaine with or without dexmedetomidine on the p38 MAPK phosphorylation in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and inflammatory reaction in the peripheral tissue...
August 11, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801670/ectodomain-shedding-of-limbic-system-associated-membrane-protein-lsamp-by-adam-metallopeptidases-promotes-neurite-outgrowth-in-drg-neurons
#7
Ricardo L Sanz, Gino B Ferraro, Marie-Pier Girouard, Alyson E Fournier
IgLONs are members of the immunoglobulin superfamily of cell adhesion proteins implicated in the process of neuronal outgrowth, cell adhesion and subdomain target recognition. IgLONs form homophilic and heterophilic complexes on the cell surface that repress or promote growth depending on the neuronal population, the developmental stage and surface repertoire of IgLON family members. In the present study, we identified a metalloproteinase-dependent mechanism necessary to promote growth in embryonic dorsal root ganglion cells (DRGs)...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789985/interleukin-8-levels-in-rat-models-of-nerve-damage-and-neuropathic-pain
#8
Junad Khan, Humza Hassun, Tali Zusman, Olga Korczeniewska, Eli Eliav
Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine that has been shown to play a role in inflammatory and autoimmune disorders. The objective of the present study was to assess the levels of IL-8 in rat serum, dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and the sciatic nerve following four different forms of sciatic nerve injury. The models used to induce the injury included partial sciatic ligation (PSL), chronic constriction injury (CCI), perineural inflammation (neuritis) and complete sciatic transection (CST). Mechanical and thermal hyperalgesia were detected by measuring withdrawal responses from a mechanical stimulus and withdrawal latency from thermal stimulation...
August 5, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769585/%C3%AE-lipoic-acid-suppresses-neuronal-excitability-and-attenuates-colonic-hypersensitivity-to-colorectal-distention-in-diabetic-rats
#9
Yan Sun, Pan-Pan Yang, Zhen-Yuan Song, Yu Feng, Duan-Min Hu, Ji Hu, Guang-Yin Xu, Hong-Hong Zhang
AIM: Patients with long-standing diabetes often demonstrate intestinal dysfunction, characterized as constipation or colonic hypersensitivity. Our previous studies have demonstrated the roles of voltage-gated sodium channels NaV1.7 and NaV1.8 in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) in colonic hypersensitivity of rats with diabetes. This study was designed to determine roles of antioxidant α-lipoic acid (ALA) on sodium channel activities and colonic hypersensitivity of rats with diabetes. METHODS: Streptozotocin was used to induce diabetes in adult female rats...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767512/dissecting-the-role-of-the-crmp2-neurofibromin-complex-on-pain-behaviors
#10
Aubin Moutal, Yue Wang, Xiaofang Yang, Yingshi Ji, Shizhen Luo, Angie Dorame, Shreya S Bellampalli, Lindsey A Chew, Song Cai, Erik T Dustrude, James E Keener, Michael T Marty, Todd W Vanderah, Rajesh Khanna
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), a genetic disorder linked to inactivating mutations or homozygous deletion of the Nf1 gene, is characterized by tumorigenesis, cognitive dysfunction, seizures, migraine, and pain. Omic studies on human NF1 tissues identified an increase in expression of collapsin response mediator protein 2 (CRMP2), a cytosolic protein reported to regulate the trafficking and activity of presynaptic N-type voltage-gated calcium (Cav2.2) channels. Since neurofibromin, the protein product of the Nf1 gene, binds to and inhibits CRMP2, the neurofibromin-CRMP2 signaling cascade will likely affect Ca2+ channel activity and regulate nociceptive neurotransmission and in vivo responses to noxious stimulation...
July 31, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765874/upregulation-of-nuclear-factor%C3%A2-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-acid-sensing-ion-channel-3-in-dorsal-root-ganglion-following-application-of-nucleus-pulposus-onto-the-nerve-root-in-rats
#11
Dong Wang, Hao Pan, Hang Zhu, Li Zhu, Yong-Jiang He, Jian Wang, Gao-Yong Jia
The nucleus pulposus (NP) is an avascular, hydrated tissue that permits the intervertebral disc to resist compressive loads to the spine. To determine the mechanisms by which intervertebral disc degeneration is caused by the nucleus pulposus, the expression and regulation of nuclear factor (NF)‑κB and acid sensing ion channel 3 (ASIC3) were examined. For the intervertebral disc degeneration model, NP was harvested from the tail of rats and applied to the L5 dorsal root ganglion (DRG). The mechanical pain withdrawal threshold (PWT) in NP model rats was assessed...
July 27, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761432/effects-of-pulsed-radiofrequency-on-spasticity-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-report-of-two-cases
#12
Min Cheol Chang, Yun Woo Cho
Spasticity following spinal cord injury (SCI) results in functional deterioration and reduced quality of life. Herein, we report two SCI patients who presented with good response to pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) for the management of spasticity in the lower extremities. Patient 1 (a 47-year-old man) had complete thoracic cord injury and showed a phasic spasticity on the extensor of both knees (3-4 beats clonus per every 30 seconds) and tonic spasticity (Modified Ashworth Scale: 3) on both hip adductors. Patient 2 (a 64-year-old man) had incomplete cervical cord injury and showed a right ankle clonus (approximately 20 beats) when he walked...
June 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760966/neuronal-cytoskeletal-gene-dysregulation-and-mechanical-hypersensitivity-in-a-rat-model-of-rett-syndrome
#13
Aritra Bhattacherjee, Ying Mu, Michelle K Winter, Jennifer R Knapp, Linda S Eggimann, Sumedha S Gunewardena, Kazuto Kobayashi, Shigeki Kato, Dora Krizsan-Agbas, Peter G Smith
Children with Rett syndrome show abnormal cutaneous sensitivity. The precise nature of sensory abnormalities and underlying molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. Rats with methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2) mutation, characteristic of Rett syndrome, show hypersensitivity to pressure and cold, but hyposensitivity to heat. They also show cutaneous hyperinnervation by nonpeptidergic sensory axons, which include subpopulations encoding noxious mechanical and cold stimuli, whereas peptidergic thermosensory innervation is reduced...
August 15, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760342/induction-of-%C3%AE-6-and-%C3%AE-1-integrins-by-acupuncture-stimulation-in-rats
#14
Hwa Chul Shin, Ji-Yeun Park, Hee Don Lim, Uk Namgung
Acupuncture therapy is performed by applying the needle insertion at discrete cutaneous locations and used for the treatments of diverse symptoms and disorders. In order to elucidate mechanistic basis on how acupuncture stimulation (AS) produces therapeutic effects, it is primarily important to understand tissue responses locally at the acupuncture site (acupoint). Here, we investigated integrin protein as molecular target responding to and integrating AS. Signals of α6 and β1 integrins were clearly induced at zusanli acupoint 24 h after AS in areas of nuclear clusters around the needle track...
July 28, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754314/the-role-of-celsr3-in-the-development-of-central-somatosensory-projections-from-dorsal-root-ganglia
#15
Feifei Wang, Qianghua Wang, Chen Li, Panpan Yu, Yibo Qu, Libing Zhou
Dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons receive peripheral somatosensory information and send orderly projections to second-order relay nuclei in the spinal cord and in the brainstem. Atypical cadherin Celsr3 is known to play a critical role in wiring of several central and peripheral axons. Although Celsr3 mRNA is heavily expressed in DRG neurons, its role in the development of somatosensory projections remains unexplored. Here we assessed the role of Celsr3 in DRG using conditional gene inactivation in crosses with Wnt1-Cre mice...
July 25, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754162/sensitization-of-asic3-by-proteinase-activated-receptor-2-signaling-contributes-to-acidosis-induced-nociception
#16
Jing Wu, Ting-Ting Liu, Yi-Mei Zhou, Chun-Yu Qiu, Ping Ren, Ming Jiao, Wang-Ping Hu
BACKGROUND: Tissue acidosis and inflammatory mediators play critical roles in pain. Pro-inflammatory agents trypsin and tryptase cleave and activate proteinase-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) expressed on sensory nerves, which is involved in peripheral mechanisms of inflammation and pain. Extracellular acidosis activates acid-sensing ion channel 3 (ASIC3) to trigger pain sensation. Here, we show that a functional interaction of PAR2 and ASIC3 could contribute to acidosis-induced nociception...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753589/differential-expression-of-tubulin-acetylase-and-deacetylase-between-the-damaged-central-and-peripheral-branch-of-dorsal-root-ganglion-neurons
#17
Zhiyi Fu, Jiangang Shi
BACKGROUND The differences between the peripheral and central branches of the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) have not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to explore the expression of tubulin post-translational modifications (acetylation and deacetylation) between damaged peripheral and central branches of DRG neurons. MATERIAL AND METHODS Fifty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to five groups with 10 rats in each group. These five groups consisted of spinal nerve ligation (SNL) at 24 hour and 48 hour, and cauda equina compression (CEC) at 24 hour and 48 hour, and a sham group...
July 28, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751716/static-magnetic-field-stimulation-enhances-oligodendrocyte-differentiation-and-secretion-of-neurotrophic-factors
#18
Ankshita Prasad, Daniel B Loong Teh, Agata Blasiak, Chou Chai, Yang Wu, Payam M Gharibani, In Hong Yang, Thang T Phan, Kah Leong Lim, Hyunsoo Yang, Xiaogang Liu, Angelo H All
The cellular-level effects of low/high frequency oscillating magnetic field on excitable cells such as neurons are well established. In contrast, the effects of a homogeneous, static magnetic field (SMF) on Central Nervous System (CNS) glial cells are less investigated. Here, we have developed an in vitro SMF stimulation set-up to investigate the genomic effects of SMF exposure on oligodendrocyte differentiation and neurotrophic factors secretion. Human oligodendrocytes precursor cells (OPCs) were stimulated with moderate intensity SMF (0...
July 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751508/between-fire-and-ice-refractory-hypothermia-and-warmth-induced-pain-in-inherited-erythromelalgia
#19
See Wan Tham, Li Li, Philip Effraim, Stephen Waxman
Inherited erythromelalgia (IEM) is a well-described pain disorder caused by mutations of sodium channel Nav1.7, a peripheral channel expressed within dorsal root ganglion and the sympathetic ganglion neurons. Clinically, IEM is characterised by paroxysmal attacks of severe pain, usually in the distal extremities, triggered by warmth or exercise. Pain is not adequately treated by existing pharmacological agents. Individuals with IEM classically cool their limbs for relief, in some cases resulting in tissue injury...
July 26, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751455/calcineurin-dysregulation-underlies-spinal-cord-injury-induced-k-channel-dysfunction-in-drg-neurons
#20
Benjamin M Zemel, Tanziyah Muqeem, Eric V Brown, Miguel Goulão, Mark W Urban, Stephen R Tymanskyj, Angelo C Lepore, Manuel Covarrubias
Dysfunction of the fast-inactivating Kv3.4 potassium current in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons contributes to the hyperexcitability associated with persistent pain induced by spinal cord injury (SCI). However, the underlying mechanism is not known. In light of our previous work demonstrating modulation of the Kv3.4 channel by phosphorylation, we investigated the role of the phosphatase calcineurin (CaN) using electrophysiological, molecular and imaging approaches in adult Sprague-Dawley female rats. Pharmacological inhibition of CaN in small-diameter DRG neurons slows repolarization of the somatic action potential (AP) and attenuates the Kv3...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
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