Read by QxMD icon Read

River water

Kees Booij, Foppe Smedes, Steven Crum
Two laboratory performance studies with 21 and 11 participants were carried out for passive sampling of nonpolar chemicals in water, using silicone samplers that were deployed for 7 and 13 weeks at 2 river sites in the Netherlands. Target analytes were polychlorinated biphenyls, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, hexachlorobutadiene, hexachlorobenzene, and a number of performance reference compounds (PRCs). Calculation of aqueous concentrations based on prescribed input values and a prescribed uptake model was also included...
October 18, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Ulrich Förstner, Henner Hollert, Markus Brinkmann, Kathrin Eichbaum, Roland Weber, Wim Salomons
A critical review of the last 25 years of dioxin policy in the Elbe river catchment is presented along seven main theses of the River Basin Community (RBC)-Elbe background document "Pollutants" for the Management Plan 2016-2021. In this period, polychlorinated dibenzodioxins/-furans (PCDD/Fs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCBs) will play a major role: (i) as new priority substances for which environmental quality standards (EQSs) need to be derived (Directive 2013/39/EC); (ii) in the search for innovative solutions in sediment remediation (i...
2016: Environmental Sciences Europe
Steffi Rocchi, Maxime Tisserant, Benoit Valot, Audrey Laboissière, Victor Frossard, Gabriel Reboux
Since 2010, the Loue River (Franche-Comté, East of France) has been suffering from massive fish kills infested by Saprolegnia parasitica. The river supplies inhabitants of the city of Besançon in drinking water, raising the question of a potential risk through both water consumption and use. We developed a real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) to quantify S. parasitica in the Loue River as well as in the drinking water. A weak spatial trend is suggested with greater quantities of S. parasitica observed at the sampling station close to the main pumping station...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Nikolaos Th Skoulikidis, Leonidas Vardakas, Yorgos Amaxidis, Panagiotis Michalopoulos
Desiccation and re-flooding processes play a key role on hydrological features of non-perennial rivers. This study addresses the effects of these processes on the aquatic quality and unravels underlying biogeochemical processes of an intermittent river reach in southern Greece containing a spring-fed pool. Combined spatio-temporal sampling for physicochemical parameters, major ions and nutrients and high frequency automatic monitoring during a hydrological year (2010-2011) indicate that during the dry period, solute variation was controlled by "concentration" processes (i...
October 13, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Pamela Louise M Tolentino, Ate Poortinga, Hideki Kanamaru, Saskia Keesstra, Jerry Maroulis, Carlos Primo C David, Coen J Ritsema
The Philippines is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world to the potential impacts of climate change. To fully understand these potential impacts, especially on future hydrological regimes and water resources (2010-2050), 24 river basins located in the major agricultural provinces throughout the Philippines were assessed. Calibrated using existing historical interpolated climate data, the STREAM model was used to assess future river flows derived from three global climate models (BCM2, CNCM3 and MPEH5) under two plausible scenarios (A1B and A2) and then compared with baseline scenarios (20th century)...
2016: PloS One
Yongqiang Zhou, Erik Jeppesen, Jingbao Li, Yunlin Zhang, Xinping Zhang, Xichun Li
We studied the impacts of Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) on the sedimentation regimes in the downstream-linked two largest Chinese freshwater lakes, Lake Dongting and Lake Poyang. Our results indicate that up to 1.73 × 10(9) t sediment was retained in TGR from June 2003 to December 2014. This resulted in a 145.9 × 10(6) t yr(-1) decline in the suspended sediment load at Zhicheng and a 16.8 × 10(6) t yr(-1) lower sediment flow from Yangtze River to Lake Dongting, which partially explains the 13...
October 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
David L Taylor, Jason McNamee, John Lake, Carissa L Gervasi, Danial G Palance
This study evaluated the relative importance of the N arragansett Bay estuary (RI and MA, USA), and associated tidal rivers and coastal lagoons, as nurseries for juvenile winter flounder, Pseudopleuronectes americanus, and summer flounder, Paralichthys dentatus. Winter flounder (WF) and summer flounder (SF) abundance and growth were measured from May to October (2009-2013) and served as indicators for the use and quality of shallow-water habitats (water depth < 1.5-3.0 m). These bioindicators were then analyzed with respect to physiochemical conditions to determine the mechanisms underlying intra-specific habitat selection...
September 2016: Estuaries and Coasts: Journal of the Estuarine Research Federation
Xiutang Yuan, Xiaolong Yang, Anguo Zhang, Xindong Ma, Hui Gao, Guangshui Na, Humin Zong, Guize Liu, Yongguang Sun
Spatial distribution, source apportionment, and potential ecological risks of sixteen polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and seven endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) in the intertidal sediment at the Shuangtaizi Estuary, Bohai Sea of China were analyzed. Results showed that the total PAH concentrations ranged from 28.79ngg(-1) dw to 281.97ngg(-1) dw (mean: 115.92ngg(-1) dw) and the total EDC concentrations from 0.52ngg(-1) dw to 126.73ngg(-1) dw (mean: 37.49ngg(-1) dw). The distribution pattern for the PAHs was generally different from that of the EDCs possibly due to their distinct sources and n-octanol-/water partition coefficients (KOW)...
October 10, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Fang Li, Jing Jin, Dongqin Tan, Longxing Wang, Ningbo Geng, Rong Cao, Yuan Gao, Jiping Chen
Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) and tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) are two kinds of brominated flame retardants and widely present in the environment and biota. The levels, spatial distributions and mass inventories of HBCD and TBBPA were investigated in sediments and paddy soils from the Liaohe River Basin in northeast China. The concentrations of ΣHBCD and TBBPA were in the range of not detected (nd) to 4.02ng/g dry weight (dw) and 0.03 to 4.06ng/g dw, respectively. γ-HBCD was dominated in sediments, while the abundance of α-HBCD was relatively high in paddy soils...
October 2016: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Mónica Catalá-Icardo, Carmen Gómez-Benito, Ernesto Francisco Simó-Alfonso, José Manuel Herrero-Martínez
This paper describes a novel and sensitive method for extraction, preconcentration, and determination of two important widely used fungicides, azoxystrobin, and chlorothalonil. The developed methodology is based on solid-phase extraction (SPE) using a polymeric material functionalized with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) as sorbent followed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with diode array detector (DAD). Several experimental variables that affect the extraction efficiency such as the eluent volume, sample flow rate, and salt addition were optimized...
October 15, 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Xiao-Ming Lu, Chang Chen, Tian-Ling Zheng
Pyrosequencing and metagenomic profiling were used to assess the phylogenetic and functional characteristics of microbial communities residing in sediments collected from the estuaries of Rivers Oujiang (OS) and Jiaojiang (JS) in the western region of the East China Sea. Another sediment sample was obtained from near the shore far from estuaries, used for contrast (CS). Characterization of estuary sediment bacterial communities showed that toxic chemicals potentially reduced the natural variability in microbial communities, while they increased the microbial metabolic enzymes and pathways...
October 15, 2016: Microbial Ecology
Lei Zheng, Zhengtao Liu, Zhenguang Yan, Yahui Zhang, Xianliang Yi, Juan Zhang, Xin Zheng, Junli Zhou, Yan Zhu
Pentachlorophenol (PCP) has been reported toxic to aquatic organisms, and it frequently occurs at relatively high concentrations in most Chinese waters due to the re-emergence of schistosomiasis since 2003. Several studies about Water Quality Criteria (WQC) for PCP had been performed to protect the aquatic ecosystem, but in most of these studies the toxicity data were not properly analyzed (e.g. screening and processing methods). Moreover, little study was carried out on the ecological risk assessment (ERA) based on environmental factors...
October 13, 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Halina B Röllin, Kalavati Channa, Bukola G Olutola, Jon Ø Odland
Early life exposure to inorganic arsenic (iAs) has been shown to interfere with foetal and early childhood development, and is associated with morbidity and mortality in adulthood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate exposure to As in utero, to determine the association between maternal and cord blood of As and birth outcomes in South African populations. Total arsenic was measured in maternal blood of a total cohort (n=650) and in paired cord blood and urine of a subset cohort (n=317). Overall, the geometric mean (GM) of As in maternal blood was 0...
October 12, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Ming-Chih Chiu, Lisa Hunt, Vincent H Resh
Pesticide pollution from agricultural field run-off or spray drift has been documented to impact river ecosystems worldwide. However, there is limited data on short- and long-term effects of repeated pulses of pesticide mixtures on biotic assemblages in natural systems. We used reported pesticide application data as input to a hydrological fate and transport model (Soil and Water Assessment Tool) to simulate spatiotemporal dynamics of pesticides mixtures in streams on a daily time-step. We then applied regression models to explore the relationship between macroinvertebrate communities and pesticide dynamics in the Sacramento River watershed of California during 2002-2013...
October 13, 2016: Environmental Pollution
Petr Porcal, Kristýna Frejlachová, Jiří Kopáček, Jiří Nedoma, Tereza Šavrdová
The photochemical transformation of terrestrial dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in surface waters exposed to UV radiation causes the precipitation of metal (Al and Fe) bearing complexes with high phosphorus sorption capacities. To better elucidate this process, a series of laboratory experiments was performed with stream and river waters with pH range from 3.5 to 8.2 and concentrations of dissolved reactive phosphorus from 2 to 142 μg L(-1). Samples were filtered (0.4 μm) and UV (350 nm) irradiated for 24 h at 68 W m(-2), i...
October 12, 2016: Chemosphere
Kazem Nosrati
In recent decades, soil erosion has increased in catchments of Iran. It is, therefore, necessary to understand soil erosion processes and sources in order to mitigate this problem. Geomorphic landforms play an important role in influencing water erosion. Therefore, ascribing hillslope components soil erosion to river sediment yield could be useful for soil and sediment management in order to decrease the off-site effects related to downstream sedimentation areas. The main objectives of this study were to apply radionuclide tracers and soil organic carbon to determine relative contributions of hillslope component sediment sources in two land use types (forest and crop field) by using a Bayesian-mixing model, as well as to estimate the uncertainty in sediment fingerprinting in a mountainous catchment of western Iran...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
Andrea K Fritts, Mark W Fritts, Wendell R Haag, Jason A DeBoer, Andrew F Casper
The Illinois River was substantially altered during the 20th century with the installation of navigational locks and dams, construction of extensive levee networks, and degradation of water quality. Freshwater mussels were affected by these changes. We used sclerochronology and stable isotopes to evaluate changes over time in age-and-growth and food sources for two mussel species: Amblema plicata and Quadrula quadrula. Specimens were collected in years 1894, 1897, 1909, 1912, 1966, and 2013, and archeological specimens were collected circa 850...
October 11, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Gerald Matisoff, Sue B Watson, Jay Guo, Anna Duewiger, Rebecca Steely
Severe algal blooms in Lake Winnipeg since the late 1990s have been attributed to increased watershed nutrient loading, much of which is associated with suspended particles. Within-lake transport and fate of this nutrient fraction and the importance of internal loading via resuspension, however, are unknown. We measured radioisotopes ((7)Be, (210)Pb, (137)Cs), metal and nutrient contents of suspended solids in major tributaries and lake-water, in sediment traps and in bottom sediments to estimate sediment resuspension and mass accumulation rates using two models...
October 10, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Erin Jo Tiedeken, Alexandre Tahar, Brendan McHugh, Neil J Rowan
Pollution of European receiving waters with contaminants of emerging concern (CECs), such as with 17-beta-estradiol (a natural estrogenic hormone, E2), along with pharmaceutically-active compounds diclofenac (an anti-inflammatory drug, DCL) and 17-alpha-ethynylestradiol (a synthetic estrogenic hormone, EE2)) is a ubiquitous phenomenon. These three CECs were added to the EU watch list of emerging substances to be monitoring in 2013, which was updated in 2015 to comprise 10 substances/groups of substances in the field of water policy...
October 11, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Qifeng Li, Tieyu Wang, Zhaoyun Zhu, Jing Meng, Pei Wang, Sarvajayakesavalu Suriyanarayanan, Yueqing Zhang, Yunqiao Zhou, Shuai Song, Yonglong Lu, Baninla Yvette
Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) are extremely persistent in the environment, and have the potential for long-range transport. The present study focused on the Daling River and its tributary, a larger river flowing into Liaodong Bay of the Bohai Sea. Recent studies have shown the elevated levels of PFOS and PFOA in the Daling River. Hence, the objective of this study was to investigate the seasonal changes, fate and transport modeling of PFOS and PFOA concentrations using one-dimensional DHI MIKE-11 river model...
October 11, 2016: Chemosphere
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"