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Cyrus D M Afrashtehfar, Alicia Mastache-Gutiérrez, Kelvin I Afrashtehfar, Luz Ariadna Díaz-Casales, Miguelina Solís-Bazaldúa
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the clinical and bacteriological characteristics of patients with peritoneal dyalisis-related peritonitis. METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive study conducted at an Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social hospital, in Zacapetec, Morelos, Mexico. The sample included was non-probabilistic and consecutive. All the patients with current registration, and diagnosed with peritoneal dyalisis-related peritonitis were included in the sample...
January 2014: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Laura Valeria Corredera, Maria Laura Daruich, Juan Ignacio Diaz, Eduardo Cuestas
INTRODUCTION: Primary peritonitis is rare condition in children previously healthy. It is often related to cirrosis and kidney disease or peritoneal dyalisis. The diagnosis must be made at laparotomy in the absence of intraabdominal findings and positive cultures of peritoneal fluids. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two cases were studied. Both cases were diagnosed during surgery and had positive cultures for streptococcus pneumaniae, recovery was rapid with broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy in peritonitis caused by gram positives cocos...
2007: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
Tania R Giraldi, Cauê Ribeiro, Marcia T Escote, Tiago G Conti, Adenilson J Chiquito, Edson R Leite, Elson Longo, José A Varela
The technological interest in transparent conductive oxide films (TCOs) has motivated several works in processing techniques, in order to obtain adequate routes to application. In this way, this work describes a new route to obtain antimony-doped tin oxide (ATO) films, based in colloidal dispersions of oxide nanocrystals. The nanoparticles were obtained by a hydrolisis method, using SnCl2 and SbCl3 in ethanolic solutions. The residual halides were removed by dyalisis, obtaining a limpid and transparent colloidal suspension...
December 2006: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Joeci Aparecida Duarte Jacobowski, Rejane Borella, Liana Lautert
This a retrospective research which reviewed the files of 84 patients who underwent peritoneal dyalisis from July 1996 to July 2001. The aim was describing the causes which led those patients to drop out the dyalisis programme. The mean age of the group was 54.9 years old; 52.4% were male and 53.6% had proper sanitation conditions. The base pathologies of the group were Diabetes Mellitus (39.3%) and Systemic Arterial Hypertension (36.9%). The incidence of peritonitis was 53.6%, mainly during the first year (53...
December 2005: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
U Lippi, V Cagnin
An automated procedure for the determination of serum gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase using Technicon SMAC alkaline phosphatase flow channel has been developed. The flow variants are insignificant. We use L-gamma-glutamyl-3-carboxy-4-nitroanilide as a very soluble substrate. With the dyalisis procedure, hemoglobin and bilirubin do not interfere. By employing dialysis, the need of blank corrections is therefore eliminated. The procedure can been run at 130 determinations per hour with insignificant carryover and satisfactory precision...
1977: Biochemistry and Experimental Biology
L F Quintana, S Collado, E Coll, J López-Pedret, A Cases
Symptomatic cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection usually affects immunocompromised patients, such as transplant recipients. From that point of view, the patient with endstage renal disease under maintenance dialysis is considered as immunocompetent. Thus, opportunistic infections, such as CMV infection, is not systematicaly searched in these patients, despite that an impaired cellular immunity has been reported in dialysis patients. We report a case of CMV esophagitis, clinically symptomatic, in a patient endstage renal disease under peritoneal dialysis, without other known immunosuppressive factors and with a good clinical response to gancyclovir treatment...
2005: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
A Camporese
The author describes three cases of pirogenic reaction in patients in treatment with hemodialysis: Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterobacter cloacae were isolated from water of dyalisis machines. He, moreover, analyses different antibacterial decontamination systems
March 1995: Le Infezioni in Medicina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1965: Revista de Sanidad Militar
G Dzido, S M Sprague
Dialysis-related amyloidosis (DRA) is a complication of long-term dialysis and can also be seen in patients with chronical renal failure and on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dyalisis. This review focuses on the chemical modifications of beta(2)-microglobulin that lead to the formation and deposition of beta(2)-amyloid fibrils in periarticular and articular sites which ultimately results in the clinical and radiographic characteristics of this devastating disease. Its most common manifestations are carpal tunnel syndrome, shoulder pain and destructive arthropathy...
June 2003: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
A Szabo, S Viazov, U Heemann, A Kribben, T Philipp, M Roggendorf
BACKGROUND: Recently a new human virus (GBV-C/HGV) was identified. With the use of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) the possibility of a high prevalence of the GBV-C/HGV infection in haemodialysis patients was demonstrated. The aim of the present study was to use a combination of the PCR and a new diagnostic test for antibodies to the viral envelope protein E2 to assess the prevalence of the GBV-C/HGV infection in German patients with renal failure. METHODS: RT-PCR and ELISA were used to detect GBV-C/HGV RNA and antiviral antibodies (anti-E2) in the sera of 31 patients on a maintenance haemodialysis (HD)), 25 patients on a perioneal dyalisis (CAPD), and 92 renal transplant patients (RT)...
November 1997: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
F F Becker, U Janowsky, H Overath, D Stetter
In many cases it can be demonstrated that the amount of plant protective and plant treatment substances (pesticides) in drinking water exceeds the permitted levels of the drinking water ordinance which will come into effect on October 1st, 1989. Since some of these components are of toxicological relevance, an investigation was done on how far pesticides are removed during conventional purification of dialysis water, and especially during reverse osmosis. The retention rates of a reverse osmosis plant for 14 different pesticides applied in different concentrations and compositions were determined...
June 1989: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
A M Young, P M Foley, H F Bradford
In vivo microdialysis was used in conjunction with a novel dual-label preloading method, to monitor changes in extracellular levels of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamate in the striatum of conscious, unrestrained rats. [3H]GABA and [14C]glutamate were applied in the dialysis stream for a preloading period of 30 min, after which dialysis perfusion was continued for up to 6 h, and dialysate samples were collected for scintillation counting. Veratridine (Vtd: 100 microM in the dialysate) caused significant rises in both 3H and 14C content measured in the dialysates, the majority of which remained associated with the preload GABA and glutamate, respectively...
September 1990: Journal of Neurochemistry
G Konjević, I Spuzić
In this study NK cell activity of 88 breast cancer patients in various stages of disease was investigated and a significantly lower activity in clinical stages I-III and especially in stage IV was found. Short term culture of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) of these patients in medium RPMI 1640 with fetal calf serum (FCS) alone, gave a significant enhancement of NK cell activity and even more significantly if rhIL 2 was added to this medium. Considering the finding of diminished native NK cell activity in breast cancer patients and its augmentation by the above stated in vitro treatment, it was of interest to investigate the effect of sera of these patients, which represent the natural in vivo environment of NK cells, in order to see if the sera modulate the antitumor cytotoxic activity of these cells...
1992: Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Immunology
G Locatelli, G Crupi, V Vanini, R Tiraboschi, M Villani, R Misiani, G Mecca, L Parenzan
Congestive heart failure may frequently occur in patients with isolated coarctation of the aorta within the first six months of life. Renal failure is on the contrary a very rare pathologic sequela. This is caused by a low renal blood flow related either to a poorly developed collateral circulation or in those instances of preductal coartation to an early closure of ductus arteriosus. Peritoneal dyalisis is very effective in these critically ill infants both in correcting biochemical abnormalitics and in supporting cardiac performance...
May 1978: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
V V Rozhanets, M Sh Promyslov, N I Gabriélian, O I Shcherbaneva
Liquor cerebrospinalis, obtained from patients with various diseases, inhibited Na, K-ATPase from rat and bovine synaptic membranes and did not influence on the activity of Mg-ATPase. The inhibition was independent on the type of disease. The inhibitory effect of liquor cerebrospinalis disappeared after dyalisis of it against Krebs-Ringer solution. Liquor cerebrospinalis appears to contain an endogenous inhibitor of synaptic Na,K-ATPase, which controls the enzymatic activity in vivo.
January 1979: Voprosy Medit︠s︡inskoĭ Khimii
N P Mertvetsov, V N Chesnokov, L V Sakhno, R I Salganik
Rat liver contains two groups of tyrosine aminotransferase (TAT) isoenzymes; during electrophoresis in agar gel one of the groups moves to the anode and the other--to the catode. Cortisol is shown to induce only the anode isoenzymes of TAT, which were isolated, purified and thoroughly analyzed. The inducible anode isoenzyme of TAT spearated from other proteins is more sensitive to the effect of proteases (trypsin and chymotrypsin) than the catode isoenzyme. Some kinetic parameters of the purified TAT isoenzymes were studied...
August 1976: Biokhimii︠a︡
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