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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212164/effectiveness-of-a-nurse-led-initiative-peer-to-peer-teaching-on-organizational-cauti-rates-and-related-costs
#1
Barbara Pashnik, Angela Creta, Lynette Alberti
A nurse-led initiative of peer-to-peer teaching positively impacted organizational incidence of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs). The initiative included validating the competency of the nursing staff, highlighting the importance of CAUTI prevention, identifying CAUTI costs, quantifying the value of nursing care, and supporting nurses as teachers. The project demonstrated that peer-to-peer teaching and competency validation can be effective methods to engage nurses in quality improvement...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Nursing Care Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209414/barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-implementation-of-evidence-based-practice-by-pediatric-surgeons
#2
Katrina J Sullivan, Carolyn Wayne, Andrea M Patey, Ahmed Nasr
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Evidence-based practice (EBP) has been identified as a foundation of mainstream medical practice, yet pediatric surgery has been slow in the acceptance and implementation of EBP. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews of 14 pediatric surgeons were conducted to determine barriers and facilitators to EBP. Resulting data were analyzed using a systematic 3-step approached of coding, generation of specific beliefs, and identification of domains relevant to practice change...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208981/the-effect-of-emotion-regulation-training-on-occupational-stress-of-critical-care-nurses
#3
Darya Saedpanah, Shiva Salehi, Ladan Fattah Moghaddam
INTRODUCTION: Occupational stress is a common, serious and costly health problem in work environment. Nursing is a very stressful job high level of stress in this job affects nurses' physical and mental health. AIM: To investigate the effect of emotion regulation training of occupational stress on critical care nurses in two teaching hospitals in Sanandaj, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This interventional study was conducted on 60 nurses working in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and Critical Care Unit (CCU) in two teaching hospitals in Sanandaj, Iran...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194682/psychopharmacology-prescribing-workshops-a-novel-method-for-teaching-psychiatry-residents-how-to-talk-to-patients-about-medications
#4
Eileen P Kavanagh, John Cahill, Melissa R Arbuckle, Alison E Lenet, Kalyani Subramanyam, Ronald M Winchel, Ilana Nossel, Ravi DeSilva, Rachel A Caravella, Marra Ackerman, Henry C Park, David A Ross
OBJECTIVE: Traditional, lecture-based methods of teaching pharmacology may not translate into the skills needed to communicate effectively with patients about medications. In response, the authors developed an interactive course for third-year psychiatry residents to reinforce prescribing skills. METHODS: Residents participate in a facilitated group discussion combined with a role-play exercise where they mock-prescribe medication to their peers. Each session is focused on one medication or class of medications with an emphasis on various aspects of informed consent (such as describing the indication, dosing, expected benefits, potential side effects, and necessary work-up and follow up)...
February 13, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156647/implementing-innovative-learner-centered-methods-to-teach-oncology-fellows-how-to-face-difficult-conversations
#5
Matthew Reilley, Jennifer Leigh McQuade, Walter F Baile, Daniel E Epner
: 27 Background: Oncologists engage in emotionally charged conversations with patients and families about prognosis, goals of care, and end of life transitions. Many oncologists lack key skills for guiding patients through such conversations. Key skills include posing open ended questions to elicit the patient's perspective, using silence effectively, and responding to emotion with empathy. We previously described a communication skills curriculum for first year medical oncology fellows consisting of a series of one hour monthly seminars (Epner and Baile, Academic Medicine, 2014)...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156173/using-a-guided-journal-club-as-a-teaching-strategy-to-enhance-learning-skills-for-evidence-based-practice
#6
Kimberly A Szucs, Jeryl D Benson, Brianne Haneman
Journal clubs are used in both clinical and academic settings in order for clinicians and students to utilize current best-practices, become competent in evidence based practice and develop critical appraisal skills. Journal clubs encourage students to practice searching for relevant research, critically appraising articles, and contributing to open discussions with peers. Establishing the practice of reading and critiquing literature in the classroom can enable the creation of a habit of using current evidence when students enter practice...
February 3, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153385/video-review-as-a-tool-to-improve-orthopedic-residents-performance-of-closed-manipulative-reductions
#7
Nickul S Jain, Ran Schwarzkopf, John A Scolaro
OBJECTIVE: Orthopedic residents commonly perform closed manipulative reductions as a part of their training. Traditionally, this skill is taught early in training but difficult to simulate. Proficiency is achieved through repetition and experience; faculty observation and instruction is unfortunately often limited. Direct resident teaching has been shown to increase competency, comfort, and long-term skill retention. We hypothesize that video review of closed fracture reductions will provide an inexpensive and valuable tool for resident education and improve skill performance...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148296/comparative-effectiveness-of-a-serious-game-and-an-e-module-to-support-patient-safety-knowledge-and-awareness
#8
Mary E W Dankbaar, Olivier Richters, Cor J Kalkman, Gerrie Prins, Olle T J Ten Cate, Jeroen J G van Merrienboer, Stephanie C E Schuit
BACKGROUND: Serious games have the potential to teach complex cognitive skills in an engaging way, at relatively low costs. Their flexibility in use and scalability makes them an attractive learning tool, but more research is needed on the effectiveness of serious games compared to more traditional formats such e-modules. We investigated whether undergraduate medical students developed better knowledge and awareness and were more motivated after learning about patient-safety through a serious game than peers who studied the same topics using an e-module...
February 2, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145799/-it-takes-longer-but-when-it-hits-you-it-hits-you-videos-about-marijuana-edibles-on-youtube
#9
Melissa J Krauss, Shaina J Sowles, Haley E Stelzer-Monahan, Tatiana Bierut, Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
BACKGROUND: Interest in marijuana edibles has increased as perceptions of harm from marijuana have decreased. Media and peer influences impact youth substance use, and YouTube is the most popular video-sharing website. No studies have examined the content and accessibility of YouTube videos related to marijuana edibles. OBJECTIVES: To describe the messages conveyed to viewers in YouTube videos about edibles and determine their accessibility to youth. METHODS: On June 12, 2015, we searched YouTube for videos about marijuana/cannabis/weed edibles...
February 1, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143942/bridging-the-education-action-gap-a-near-peer-case-based-undergraduate-ethics-teaching-programme
#10
Wing May Kong, Selena Knight
Undergraduate ethics teaching has made significant progress in the past decade, with evidence showing that students and trainee doctors feel more confident in identifying and analysing ethical issues. There is general consensus that ethics education should enable students and doctors to take ethically appropriate actions, and nurture moral integrity. However, the literature reports that doctors continue to find it difficult to take action when faced with perceived unethical behaviour. This has been evident in recent healthcare scandals, in which care has fallen below acceptable ethical standards, despite the presence of professional ethical guidelines and competencies...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143804/pediatric-residents-perceptions-of-potential-professionalism-violations-on-social-media-a-us-national-survey
#11
Rachel Dawkins, William D King, Beatrice Boateng, Michele Nichols, Bonnie C Desselle
BACKGROUND: The ubiquitous use of social media by physicians poses professionalism challenges. Regulatory bodies have disseminated guidelines related to physicians' use of social media. OBJECTIVE: This study had 2 objectives: (1) to understand what pediatric residents view as appropriate social media postings, and (2) to recognize the degree to which these residents are exposed to postings that violate social media professionalism guidelines. METHODS: We distributed an electronic survey to pediatric residents across the United States...
January 31, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138189/medical-students-perception-of-the-progress-test-as-a-quality-controlled-assessment-tool-for-improving-learning-and-teaching-at-a-public-sector-medical-college-in-saudi-arabia
#12
Kamran Sattar, Tauseef Ahmad, Mahmoud Salah Khalil, Mona Mohamed Soliman, Gominda Giatry Punnamperuma, Hamza Mohammad Abdulghani
Progress test's distinguishing characteristics make it pertinent worldwide. We explored medical students' perceptions and opinions about Progress Test (PT) with a view to identifying areas concomitant with it's execution. This cross-sectional study took place at College of Medicine, Saudi Arabia, during the academic year 2015-16. A questionnaire (14 items) was administered. Reason for majority n=96 (89.7%) of the total participants to take the PT was their keenness to compare their academic standing with their peers from other participating medical colleges...
February 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130751/exploration-of-pathways-to-binge-drinking-among-american-indian-adolescents
#13
Mary F Cwik, Summer Rosenstock, Lauren Tingey, Cleve Redmond, Novalene Goklish, Francene Larzelere-Hinton, Allison Barlow
Binge drinking is a serious public health problem among American Indian adolescents, yet few theoretical models specific to this population and type of problematic drinking have been tested. The White Mountain Apache Tribe has begun surveillance of binge drinking and a related line of research to inform tailored prevention efforts. The goal of this paper is to use structural equation modeling to understand the relationships between different individual, family, peer, and cultural factors that predict or protect against binge drinking behavior among Apache adolescents ages 10-19 years old...
January 27, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124462/spelling-and-morphology-in-dyslexia-a-developmental-study-across-the-school-years
#14
Rachel Schiff, Ronit Levie
The current study examined the effect of morphological knowledge on spelling development in Hebrew-speaking schoolchildren, adolescents and adults with dyslexia, compared with typically developing (TD) peers. Participants were 238 Hebrew-speaking readers of five grade levels of whom 139 were TD and 99 had developmental dyslexia (DD). Participants were tested on a function letter spelling task, a phonological awareness task and a morphological awareness task. The overall picture that emerged from the results is that performance on all measures increased with grade level, with TD participants always scoring higher than peers with DD...
January 25, 2017: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116026/efficient-and-effective-use-of-peer-teaching-for-medical-student-simulation
#15
Joseph B House, Carol H Choe, Heather L Wourman, Kristin M Berg, Jonathan P Fischer, Sally A Santen
INTRODUCTION: Simulation is increasingly used in medical education, promoting active learning and retention; however, increasing use also requires considerable instructor resources. Simulation may provide a safe environment for students to teach each other, which many will need to do when they enter residency. Along with reinforcing learning and increasing retention, peer teaching could decrease instructor demands. Our objective was to determine the effectiveness of peer-taught simulation compared to physician-led simulation...
January 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112096/supernumerary-registrar-experience-at-the-university-of-cape-town-south-africa
#16
S Peer, S A Burrows, N Mankahla, J J Fagan
BACKGROUND: Despite supernumerary registrars (SNRs) being hosted in South African (SA) training programmes, there are no reports of their experience. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the experience of SNRs at the University of Cape Town, SA, and the experience of SNRs from the perspective of SA registrars (SARs). METHODS: SNRs and SARs completed an online survey in 2012. RESULTS: Seventy-three registrars responded; 42 were SARs and 31 were SNRs...
December 21, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109939/peripheral-venous-catheter-insertion-simulation-training-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-performance-after-instructor-led-teaching-versus-peer-assisted-learning
#17
Sophie Pelloux, Arnaud Grégoire, Patrice Kirmizigul, Sandrine Maillot, Bernard Bui-Xuan, Guy Llorca, Sylvain Boet, Jean-Jacques Lehot, Thomas Rimmelé
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral venous catheter insertion is a procedural skill that every medical student should master. Training is often limited to a small number of students and is poorly evaluated. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of peer-assisted learning in comparison to instructor-led teaching for peripheral venous catheter insertion training. METHODS: Students were randomized to the control group attending a traditional instructor-led training session (slideshow and demonstration by an anaesthetist instructor, followed by training on a procedural simulator) or to the test group attending a peer-assisted training session (slideshow and demonstration video-recorded by the same instructor, followed by training on a procedural simulator...
January 18, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095097/facilitating-awareness-of-philosophy-of-science-ethics-and-communication-through-manual-skills-training-in-undergraduate-education
#18
Hilde Lund Kordahl, Marit Fougner
BACKGROUND: Professional health science education includes a common theoretical basis concerning the theory of science, ethics and communication. Former evaluations by first-year students of the bachelor physiotherapy program at Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences (HiOA) show that they find it hard to understand the relation between these particular topics and future professional practice. This challenge is the starting point for a pedagogical development project that aims to develop learning contexts that highlight the relevance of these theoretical concepts...
January 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086875/learning-global-health-a-pilot-study-of-an-online-collaborative-intercultural-peer-group-activity-involving-medical-students-in-australia-and-indonesia
#19
Mark Ambrose, Linda Murray, Nicholas E Handoyo, Deif Tunggal, Nick Cooling
BACKGROUND: There is limited research to inform effective pedagogies for teaching global health to undergraduate medical students. Theoretically, using a combination of teaching pedagogies typically used in 'international classrooms' may prove to be an effective way of learning global health. This pilot study aimed to explore the experiences of medical students in Australia and Indonesia who participated in a reciprocal intercultural participatory peer e-learning activity (RIPPLE) in global health...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062329/managing-symptoms-enhancing-patients-self-management-knowledge-and-skills-for-surgical-recovery
#20
REVIEW
Jan Odom-Forren, Susan Wesmiller
OBJECTIVES: To review postoperative symptoms experienced by patients following surgery for cancer and discuss focused, evidenced-based methods to teach the patient acute pain and symptom management to include both pharmacological and non-pharmacological strategies. DATA SOURCES: Peer reviewed articles and national guidelines. CONCLUSION: Although significant advances have been made in providing effective acute pain control, pain remains a serious consequence after cancer surgery...
February 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
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