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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095097/facilitating-awareness-of-philosophy-of-science-ethics-and-communication-through-manual-skills-training-in-undergraduate-education
#1
Hilde Lund Kordahl, Marit Fougner
BACKGROUND: Professional health science education includes a common theoretical basis concerning the theory of science, ethics and communication. Former evaluations by first-year students of the bachelor physiotherapy program at Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences (HiOA) show that they find it hard to understand the relation between these particular topics and future professional practice. This challenge is the starting point for a pedagogical development project that aims to develop learning contexts that highlight the relevance of these theoretical concepts...
January 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086875/learning-global-health-a-pilot-study-of-an-online-collaborative-intercultural-peer-group-activity-involving-medical-students-in-australia-and-indonesia
#2
Mark Ambrose, Linda Murray, Nicholas E Handoyo, Deif Tunggal, Nick Cooling
BACKGROUND: There is limited research to inform effective pedagogies for teaching global health to undergraduate medical students. Theoretically, using a combination of teaching pedagogies typically used in 'international classrooms' may prove to be an effective way of learning global health. This pilot study aimed to explore the experiences of medical students in Australia and Indonesia who participated in a reciprocal intercultural participatory peer e-learning activity (RIPPLE) in global health...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062329/managing-symptoms-enhancing-patients-self-management-knowledge-and-skills-for-surgical-recovery
#3
REVIEW
Jan Odom-Forren, Susan Wesmiller
OBJECTIVES: To review postoperative symptoms experienced by patients following surgery for cancer and discuss focused, evidenced-based methods to teach the patient acute pain and symptom management to include both pharmacological and non-pharmacological strategies. DATA SOURCES: Peer reviewed articles and national guidelines. CONCLUSION: Although significant advances have been made in providing effective acute pain control, pain remains a serious consequence after cancer surgery...
January 3, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056642/-end-of-life-could-be-on-any-ward-really-a-qualitative-study-of-hospital-volunteers-end-of-life-care-training-needs-and-learning-preferences
#4
Lisa Jane Brighton, Jonathan Koffman, Vicky Robinson, Shaheen A Khan, Rob George, Rachel Burman, Lucy Ellen Selman
BACKGROUND: Over half of all deaths in Europe occur in hospital, a location associated with many complaints. Initiatives to improve inpatient end-of-life care are therefore a priority. In England, over 78,000 volunteers provide a potentially cost-effective resource to hospitals. Many work with people who are dying and their families, yet little is known about their training in end-of-life care. AIMS: To explore hospital volunteers' end-of-life care training needs and learning preferences, and the acceptability of training evaluation methods...
January 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048147/su-f-e-14-global-radiation-oncology-education-and-training-in-medical-physics-powered-by-information-and-communication-technologies
#5
W Ngwa, E Sajo, T Ngoma, J Dachi, J Julius Mwaiselage, O Kenton, S Avery
PURPOSE: Recent publications have highlighted the potential of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) to catalyze collaborations in cancer care, research and education in global radiation oncology. This work reports on the use of ICTs for global Medical Physics education and training across three countries: USA, Tanzania and Kuwait METHODS: An online education platform was established by Radiation Oncology Faculty from Harvard Medical School, and the University of Pennsylvania with integrated Medical Physics Course modules accessible to trainees in Tanzania via partnership with the Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, and the Ocean Road Cancer Institute...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032187/using-telemedicine-to-teach-paediatric-surgery-in-resource-limited-countries
#6
REVIEW
Alp Numanoglu
Halstedian method of surgical training has been the mainstay of surgical education for many decades. Onsite knowledge sources in surgery have traditionally been textbooks, which are often a number of years out of date or teaching rounds with a Professor or senior colleague that enables a small number of trainees to benefit from. Congresses have been a good way of learning new developments in the field, but they often require travelling and are very costly. We have identified web-based education as a means of linking experts with trainees, regardless of their geographic location and often without requiring any substantial capital...
December 28, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031605/role-play-as-an-educational-tool-in-medication-communication-skills-students-perspectives
#7
S H Lavanya, L Kalpana, R M Veena, V D Bharath Kumar
OBJECTIVES: Medication communication skills are vital aspects of patient care that may influence treatment outcomes. However, traditional pharmacology curriculum deals with imparting factual information, with little emphasis on patient communication. The current study aims to explore students' perceptions of role-play as an educational tool in acquiring communication skills and to ascertain the need of role-play for their future clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This questionnaire-based study was done in 2(nd) professional MBBS students...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030417/a-resident-as-teacher-curriculum-using-a-flipped-classroom-approach-can-a-model-designed-for-efficiency-also-be-effective
#8
Binny D Chokshi, Heidi K Schumacher, Kristen Reese, Priti Bhansali, Jeremy R Kern, Samuel J Simmens, Benjamin Blatt, Larrie W Greenberg
PROBLEM: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires training that enhances resident teaching skills. Despite this requirement, many residency training programs struggle to implement effective resident-as-teacher (RAT) curricula, particularly within the context of the 80-hour resident workweek. APPROACH: In 2013, the authors developed and evaluated an intensive one-day RAT curriculum using a flipped classroom approach. Twenty-nine second-year residents participated in daylong RAT sessions...
December 27, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024431/how-patient-educators-help-students-to-learn-an-exploratory-study
#9
Phoebe T M Cheng, Angela Towle
INTRODUCTION: Benefits of the active involvement of patients in educating health professionals are well-recognized but little is known about how patient educators facilitate student learning. METHOD: This exploratory qualitative study investigated the teaching practices and experiences that prepared patient educators for their roles in a longitudinal interprofessional Health Mentors program. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eleven experienced health mentors...
December 26, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024234/the-hidden-curriculum-in-near-peer-learning-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#10
Lisa McKenna, Brett Williams
BACKGROUND: Near-peer learning involving students from the same course, but at different levels, has gained prominence in health professional education over recent years. At the authors' university, nursing and paramedic students engage in near-peer learning in clinical skills laboratories where junior students learn specific skills from senior students. Our observations indicated that beyond the skills teaching, unintended learning occurred repeatedly. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine near-peer learner and teacher experiences of participating in near-peer learning and to explore students' engagement beyond the skill being learnt...
March 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017288/using-objective-structured-clinical-examinations-to-assess-intern-orthopaedic-physical-examination-skills-a-multimodal-didactic-comparison
#11
Donna Phillips, Christian A Pean, Kathleen Allen, Joseph Zuckerman, Kenneth Egol
: Patient care is 1 of the 6 core competencies defined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). The physical examination (PE) is a fundamental skill to evaluate patients and make an accurate diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate 3 different methods to teach PE skills and to assess the ability to do a complete PE in a simulated patient encounter. DESIGN: Prospective, uncontrolled, observational. SETTING: Northeastern academic medical center...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012508/psychological-status-in-children-with-ear-and-nose-foreign-body-insertion
#12
Mehdi Bakhshaee, Paria Hebrani, Majid Shams, Maryam Salehi, Ataollah Ghaffari, Mohsen Rajati
OBJECTIVE: Children with psychological disorders are prone to various unintentional injuries, one of the most common of which is foreign body inserting. In spite of the high incidence, the association is not studied yet. METHODS: This is a case control study in otorhinolaryngology and psychology departments, at a tertiary referral teaching hospital. One hundred five children (2-12 years old) who were referred for removal of foreign bodies in their ear or nose over a period of one year were selected for the study...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012361/how-are-we-assessing-near-peer-teaching-in-undergraduate-health-professional-education-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Susan Irvine, Brett Williams, Lisa McKenna
BACKGROUND: Near Peer teaching (NPT) is reported as an effective pedagogical approach to student learning and performance. Studies in medicine, nursing and health sciences have relied mainly on self-reports to describe its benefits, focusing on psychomotor and cognitive aspects of learning. Despite increasing research reports on peer teaching internationally, little is known about the various domains of learning used in assessment of performance and objective learning outcomes of NPT...
December 16, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000479/online-platforms-to-teach-nutrition-education-to-children-a-non-systematic-review
#14
Alejandro Domínguez Rodríguez, Ausiàs Josep Cebolla Marti, Elia Oliver-Gasch, Rosa María Baños-Rivera
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is now considered a worldwide problem. Nutrition Education (NE) has been identified as a key factor in preventing overweight and obesity in children. In recent years, there has been an increase in the interest in innovative ways to teach this knowledge to children, mainly through the use of the Internet. OBJECTIVE: Review and analyze the available evidence about programs focused on NE for children through the use of the Internet. RESULTS: Three different ways were found to deliver NE over the Internet to children: platforms designed to communicate with other peers or professionals; platforms designed to provide NE through the contents included in the web tool; and platforms designed to provide NE through the contents included in the web tool and automated feedback...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979724/a-peer-reviewed-instructional-video-is-as-effective-as-a-standard-recorded-didactic-lecture-in-medical-trainees-performing-chest-tube-insertion-a-randomized-control-trial
#15
Tomas J Saun, Scott Odorizzi, Celine Yeung, Marjorie Johnson, Glen Bandiera, Shelly P Dev
OBJECTIVE: Online medical education resources are becoming an increasingly used modality and many studies have demonstrated their efficacy in procedural instruction. This study sought to determine whether a standardized online procedural video is as effective as a standard recorded didactic teaching session for chest tube insertion. DESIGN: A randomized control trial was conducted. Participants were taught how to insert a chest tube with either a recorded didactic teaching session, or a New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) video...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977302/organizational-infrastructure-in-the-collegiate-athletic-training-setting-part-iii-benefits-of-and-barriers-in-the-medical-and-academic-models
#16
Christianne M Eason, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Ashley Goodman
CONTEXT:  Academic and medical models are emerging as alternatives to the athletics model, which is the more predominant model in the collegiate athletic training setting. Little is known about athletic trainers' (ATs') perceptions of these models. OBJECTIVE:  To investigate the perceived benefits of and barriers in the medical and academic models. DESIGN:  Qualitative study. SETTING:  National Collegiate Athletic Association Divisions I, II, and III...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965348/peer-support-writing-group-in-a-community-family-medicine-teaching-unit-facilitating-professional-development
#17
Lina Al-Imari, Jaisy Yang, Nicholas Pimlott
PROBLEM ADDRESSED: Aspiring physician writers need an environment that promotes self-reflection and can help them improve their skills and confidence in writing. OBJECTIVE OF PROGRAM: To create a peer-support writing group for physicians in the Markham-Stouffville community in Ontario to promote professional development by encouraging self-reflection and fostering the concept of physician as writer. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: The program, designed based on a literature review and a needs assessment, was conducted in 3 sessions over 6 months...
December 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943661/peer-assisted-learning-for-foundation-doctors
#18
Harish Thampy, Nicola Kersey
BACKGROUND: Peer-assisted learning (PAL) is a widely accepted learner-led educational model encouraging cooperative active learning. Whereas attention has historically focussed on the use of PAL in undergraduate contexts, less is known about the benefits and challenges of using PAL for postgraduate clinical trainees. This study describes the implementation and evaluation of a PAL scheme for UK foundation-year trainees (newly qualified doctors). METHODS: Following a needs assessment, a peer-led component was introduced into the weekly foundation teaching programme at the hospital...
December 12, 2016: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942051/faculty-promotions-in-medical-institutions-in-india-can-we-improve-the-criteria
#19
Vithal Krishna Dhulkhed, Madhuri S Kurdi, Pavan V Dhulkhed, Ashwini H Ramaswamy
Research publications are desirable for academic promotion in medical colleges as per the current rules of the Medical Council of India (MCI). These rules reflect an endeavour to improve the academic standards. We strongly believe that every medical college teacher should conduct true research and contribute to good peer-reviewed publications. However, it is felt that the MCI rule has the potential to lead to undesirable consequences, and the quality of teaching and learning could take a back-seat. There is an urgent need to adopt more objective criteria and better guidelines as followed by well-known global institutes...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935771/preparing-anesthetists-to-manage-cannot-intubate-cannot-ventilate-situations
#20
Kenneth A Wofford
Cannot intubate/cannot ventilate (CICV) situations during anesthesia are rare, potentially catastrophic to the patient, and difficult to predict. Widely adopted practice guidelines advocate an algorithmic approach to CICV situations in which the anesthetist: (a) recognizes the CICV situation, (b) calls for help, (c) steadily progresses through a variety of methods to ventilate the patient and secure the airway, (d) restores ventilation via an infraglottic airway if the patient cannot be safely awakened prior to becoming moribund...
January 2017: Annual Review of Nursing Research
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