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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637051/teaching-transnasal-endoscopy-to-graduate-students-without-a-hospital-or-simulation-laboratory-pool-noodles-and-cadavers
#1
Shari Salzhauer Berkowitz
Purpose: This study reports on a training opportunity in endoscopy in which speech-language pathology graduate students use inanimate objects and cadavers. Best practices for transnasal endoscopy in vivo require a physician to be nearby, but many graduate programs do not have this access. Method: Endoscopy was offered as a graduate elective. Students (13 women) initially learned to manipulate the endoscope through the lumen of a swimming pool noodle that was embedded with trinkets...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634259/effectiveness-of-an-online-support-programme-supr-for-older-hearing-aid-users-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Janine Fj Meijerink, Marieke Pronk, Bernadette Paulissen, Birgit I Witte, Bregje van der Wouden, Vera Jansen, Sophia E Kramer
BACKGROUND: An educational SUpport PRogramme called SUPR has been developed for hearing aid users (HAUs) and their communication partners (CPs) offering care beyond hearing aid fitting. SUPR teaches its users communication strategies, hearing aid handling skills and personal adjustment to hearing impairment. METHODS/DESIGN: Using a cluster randomised controlled trial design, 70 Dutch hearing aid dispenser practices were randomised into hearing aid fitting (care as usual, 34 practices) and hearing aid fitting including SUPR (36 practices)...
June 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632009/self-observation-and-peer-feedback-as-a-faculty-development-approach-for-problem-based-learning-tutors-a-program-evaluation
#3
Irène Garcia, Richard W James, Paul Bischof, Anne Baroffio
PROBLEM: Good teaching requires spontaneous, immediate, and appropriate action in response to various situations. It is even more crucial in problem-based learning (PBL) tutorials, as the tutors, while directing students toward the identification and attainment of learning objectives, must stimulate them to contribute to the process and provide them with constructive feedback. PBL tutors in medicine lack opportunities to receive feedback from their peers on their teaching strategies. Moreover, as tutorials provide little or no time to stop and think, more could be learned by reflecting on the experience than from the experience itself...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628720/cost-effective-teaching-of-radiology-with-preclinical-anatomy
#4
James S Wilson, Jacqueline Alvarez, Bonnie C Davis, Andre J Duerinckx
Graduating physicians in all subspecialties have an increased need for competency in radiology, particularly since the use of diagnostic imaging continues to grow. To integrate the teaching of radiology with anatomy during the first year of medical school at Howard University, a novel approach was developed to overcome the limitations of resources including funding, faculty, and curricular time. The resulting program relies on self-study and peer-to-peer interactions to develop proficiency at manipulating free versions of medical image viewer software (using the DICOM standard), identifying normal anatomy in medical images, and applying critical thinking skills to understand common clinical conditions...
June 19, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625111/successful-adaptation-of-a-research-methods-course-in-south-america
#5
Leonardo Tamariz, Diego Vasquez, Cecilia Loor, Ana Palacio
BACKGROUND: South America has low research productivity. The lack of a structured research curriculum is one of the barriers to conducting research. OBJECTIVE: To report our experience adapting an active learning-based research methods curriculum to improve research productivity at a university in Ecuador. DESIGN: We used a mixed-method approach to test the adaptation of the research curriculum at Universidad Catolica Santiago de Guayaquil...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620982/novice-students-navigating-the-clinical-environment-in-an-early-medical-clerkship
#6
Jenny Barrett, Steve C Trumble, Geoff McColl
CONTEXT: The black box that is student learning in clinical environments is an ongoing research project. Our previous research showed that despite the time that students are given to learn with, about and from patients, some lack confidence for those encounters and see few patients. The study reported here investigated individual and environmental factors affecting medical students' self-directed learning time in hospital. METHODS: We studied second year students in the four-year postgraduate Melbourne Medical School programme as they undertook the first of their four 9-week hospital placements in medical wards...
June 16, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619868/a-resident-perspective-on-the-goldwater-rule
#7
James A Armontrout, Sagar Vijapura
Section 7.3 of the Principles of Medical Ethics with Annotations Especially Applicable to Psychiatry, more commonly known as the Goldwater rule, admonishes psychiatrists to avoid offering professional opinions about public figures in the absence of an in-person evaluation. To our knowledge, no peer-reviewed articles have been published considering resident perspectives on the Goldwater rule. Furthermore, we have found little published guidance that deals specifically with teaching the Goldwater rule in a general residency curriculum...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619774/protocol-for-a-multicentre-multistage-prospective-study-in-china-using-system-based-approaches-for-consistent-improvement-in-surgical-safety
#8
Xiaochu Yu, Jingmei Jiang, Changwei Liu, Keng Shen, Zixing Wang, Wei Han, Xingrong Liu, Guole Lin, Ye Zhang, Ying Zhang, Yufen Ma, Haixin Bo, Yupei Zhao
INTRODUCTION: Surgical safety has emerged as a crucial global health issue in the past two decades. Although several safety-enhancing tools are available, the pace of large-scale improvement remains slow, especially in developing countries such as China. The present project (Modern Surgery and Anesthesia Safety Management System Construction and Promotion) aims to develop and validate system-based integrated approaches for reducing perioperative deaths and complications using a multicentre, multistage design...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619402/global-health-values-of-a-multidirectional-near-peer-training-program-in-surgery-pathology-anatomy-research-methodology-and-medical-education-for-haitian-rwandan-and-canadian-medical-students
#9
Malik Elharram, Trish Dinh, Annie Lalande, Susan Ge, Sophie Gao, Geoffroy Noël
BACKGROUND: As health care delivery increasingly requires providers to cross international borders, medical students at McGill University, Canada, developed a multidirectional exchange program with Haiti and Rwanda. The program integrates surgery, pathology, anatomy, research methodology, and medical education. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to explore the global health value of this international training program to improve medical education within the environment of developing countries, such as Haiti and Rwanda, while improving sociocultural learning of Canadian students...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619020/medical-students-can-teach-communication-skills-a-mixed-methods-study-of-cross-year-peer-tutoring
#10
Osamu Nomura, Hirotaka Onishi, Hiroyuki Kato
BACKGROUND: Cross-year peer tutoring (CYPT) of medical students is recognized as an effective learning tool. The aim of this study is to investigate the non-inferiority of the objective outcome of medical interview training with CYPT compared with the results of faculty-led training (FLT), and to explore qualitatively the educational benefits of CYPT. METHODS: We conducted a convergent mixed methods study including a randomized controlled non-inferiority trial and two focus groups...
June 15, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618043/nurses-knowledge-on-diabetic-foot-ulcer-disease-and-their-attitudes-towards-patients-affected-a-cross-sectional-institution-based-study
#11
Sriyani A Kumarasinghe, Priyadarshika Hettiarachchi, Sudharshani Wasalathanthri
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To assess nurses' knowledge on diabetic ulcer disease and their attitudes towards patients suffering from it and to identify factors which influence them. BACKGROUND: Diabetic wound care is an evolving specialty with the rising prevalence of diabetes foot complications. As nurses play a key role in wound care, their knowledge and attitudes are important in providing optimum care to patients. DESIGN: Descriptive cross sectional survey design...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612515/the-benefits-of-a-peer-assisted-mock-paces
#12
Sarim Siddiqui, Samee Siddiqui, Qamar Mustafa, Abeer F Rizvi, Ibtesham T Hossain
BACKGROUND: Peer-assisted learning (PAL) and mock examinations have been credited as effective teaching tools; however, there is a lack of research into their effectiveness in PACES (practical assessment of clinical examination skills). This study demonstrates an effective model and the benefits of PAL after its implementation in a mock PACES at Imperial College London. There is a lack of research into the effectiveness of PAL and mock examinations in PACES METHODS: A mock PACES was designed for fifth-year medical students...
June 14, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608954/experience-from-an-optional-dissection-course-in-a-clinically-orientated-concept-to-complement-system-based-anatomy-in-a-reformed-curriculum
#13
Elisabeth Eppler, Steffen Serowy, Karl Link, Luis Filgueira
Profound anatomical knowledge is the basis for modern demands in medicine and surgery, but many countries worldwide including Australia and New Zealand have discontinued offering dissection courses to medical and dental students during the past decades. This educational project done in Australia aimed at enhancing basic and advanced anatomy teaching by engaging a sub-group of second-year undergraduate students of a compulsory prosection- and model-based anatomy course (n = 54/170) in an optional multimodal course, which should easily articulate with a vertical curriculum...
June 13, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600367/development-and-validation-of-a-risk-stratification-model-for-prediction-of-disability-and-hospitalisation-in-patients-with-heart-failure-a-study-protocol
#14
Luis García-Olmos, Francisco Rodríguez-Salvanés, Maurice Batlle-Pérez, Río Aguilar-Torres, Carlos Porro-Fernández, Alfredo García-Cabello, Montserrat Carmona, Sergio Ruiz-Alonso, Sofía Garrido-Elustondo, Ángel Alberquilla, Luis María Sánchez-Gómez, Ricardo Sánchez de Madariaga, Elena Monge-Navarrete, Luis Benito-Ortiz, Nicolás Baños-Pérez, Amaya Simón-Puerta, Ana Belén López Rodríguez, Miguel Ángel Martínez-Álvarez, María Ángeles Velilla-Celma, María Isabel Bernal-Gómez
BACKGROUND: Chronic heart failure (CHF) reduces quality of life and causes hospitalisation and death. Identifying predictive factors of such events may help change the natural history of this condition. AIM: To develop and validate a stratification system for classifying patients with CHF, according to their degree of disability and need for hospitalisation due to any unscheduled cause, over a period of 1 year. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Prospective, concurrent, cohort-type study in two towns in the Madrid autonomous region having a combined population of 1 32 851...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599822/a-large-scale-peer-teaching-programme-acceptance-and-benefit
#15
Elisabeth Schuetz, Barbara Obirei, Daniela Salat, Julia Scholz, Dagmar Hann, Kathrin Dethleffsen
INTRODUCTION: The involvement of students in the embodiment of university teaching through peer-assisted learning formats is commonly applied. Publications on this topic exclusively focus on strictly defined situations within the curriculum and selected target groups. This study, in contrast, presents and evaluates a large-scale structured and quality-assured peer teaching programme, which offers diverse and targeted courses throughout the preclinical part of the medical curriculum. METHODS: The large-scale peer teaching programme consists of subject specific and interdisciplinary tutorials that address all scientific, physiological and anatomic subjects of the preclinical curriculum as well as tutorials with contents exceeding the formal curriculum...
June 6, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598708/twelve-tips-for-implementation-of-student-as-teacher-programs
#16
Taylor Freret, Jasmine Rana, Richard M Schwartzstein, Holly C Gooding
Much has been written about the learning benefits of peer teaching for medical trainees. What remains less certain is how practically to implement "Student-as-teacher" (SaT) programs combining teacher-skills training with hands-on teaching experiences for medical students to prepare them for their roles as teachers in residency and beyond. In this article, we address this gap by outlining twelve tips for the implementation of SaT programs based on review of the literature and our experience implementing SaT curricula at our institution...
June 9, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597250/peer-teaching-as-a-means-of-enhancing-communications-skills-in-anaesthesia-training-trainee-perspectives
#17
S M O'Shaughnessy
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to introduce peer teaching of communication skills to first-year anaesthesia trainees in Ireland and to evaluate their perception of this teaching modality. METHODS: Seventy-nine first-year anaesthesia trainees participated in a novel peer-led communication skills programme over a 2-year period (Y1, Y2). A Likert scaling questionnaire was developed to explore trainee perception of the peer teaching programme. RESULTS: Of the 79 respondents (36 in Y1 and 43 in Y2), 99% either agreed or strongly agreed that the peer teachers were successful in their role...
June 8, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595059/coming-to-the-new-d-a-r-e-a-preliminary-test-of-the-officer-taught-elementary-keepin-it-real-curriculum
#18
L Edward Day, Michelle Miller-Day, Michael L Hecht, Desiree Fehmie
The present study reports a preliminary evaluation of D.A.R.E.'s new elementary school keepin' it REAL substance abuse prevention program. Given the widespread dissemination of D.A.R.E., this evaluation, even though of short term effects, has important implications for national prevention efforts. The new prevention curriculum teaches social and emotional competencies such as decision making and resistance skills. Social and emotional competencies and other risk factors were examined among students (N=943) in 26 classrooms, 13 classrooms in the treatment condition (n=359) and 13 classrooms in the control condition (n=584) using a quasi-experimental matched group design...
May 23, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592154/-i-just-had-to-be-flexible-and-show-good-patience-management-of-interactional-approaches-to-enact-mentoring-roles-by-peer-mentors-with-developmental-disabilities
#19
Ariel E Schwartz, Jessica M Kramer
PURPOSE: Peer mentoring may be an effective approach for fostering skill development for mentors and mentees with developmental disabilities. However, little is known about how mentors with developmental disabilities perceive and enact their roles. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: (1) How do young adults with developmental disabilities describe their role as a peer mentor in the context of instrumental peer mentoring? (2) How do they enact their perceived roles? METHODS: Thematic analysis of semi-structured reflections completed by six mentors with developmental disabilities (ages 17-35) with multiple mentoring experiences...
June 8, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580820/twelve-tips-for-medical-students-to-make-the-best-use-of-ward-based-learning
#20
Reshma Bharamgoudar, Aniket Sonsale
BACKGROUND: With a multitude of healthcare professionals willing to teach, a placement on a ward is an invaluable learning opportunity; yet as students, we often struggle to maximize this placements' potential. AIM: This article provides 12 tips for medical students to optimize their learning in a ward-based environment. METHODS: Current literature and personal experiences of the authors were used to develop the tips. RESULTS: The 12 tips are (1) prepare yourself, (2) identify knowledge, skills, and attributes, (3) engage in peer-to-peer learning, (4) get to know the interprofessional team, (5) talk to the patient first, (6) present findings and gain feedback, (7) tap into seniors' experience, (8) immerse yourself and be proactive, (9) check patient notes, (10) manage the clock, (11) enhance your CV, and (12) embrace the spirit of lifelong learning...
June 5, 2017: Medical Teacher
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