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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030415/comorbidity-and-outcomes-in-traumatic-brain-injury-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-on-functional-status-and-risk-of-death
#1
Tatyana Mollayeva, Chen Xiong, Sara Hanafy, Vincy Chan, Zheng Jing Hu, Mitchell Sutton, Michael Escobar, Angela Colantonio
INTRODUCTION: Reports on the association between comorbidity and functional status and risk of death in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) have been inconsistent; it is currently unknown which additional clinical entities (comorbidities) have an adverse influence on the evolution of outcomes across the lifespan of men and women with TBI. The current protocol outlines a strategy for a systematic review of the current evidence examining the impact of comorbidity on functional status and early-term and late-term mortality, taking into account known risk factors of these adverse outcomes (ie, demographic (age and sex) and injury-related characteristics)...
October 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020524/teachers-as-learners-developing-professionalism-feedback-skills-via-observed-structured-teaching-encounters
#2
Constance Tucker, Beth Choby, Andrew Moore, Robert Scott Parker, Benjamin R Zambetti, Sarah Naids, Jillian Scott, Jennifer Loome, Sierra Gaffney, Anna T Cianciolo, Leslie A Hoffman, Jaden R Kohn, Patricia S O'Sullivan, Robert L Trowbridge
This Conversations Starter article presents a selected research abstract from the 2017 Association of American Medical Colleges Southern Region Group on Educational Affairs annual spring meeting. The abstract is paired with the integrative commentary of 4 experts who shared their thoughts stimulated by the study. These thoughts explore the value of the Observed Structured Teaching Encounter in providing structured opportunities for medical students to engage with the complexities of providing peer feedback on professionalism...
October 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994415/sci-peer-health-coach-influence-on-self-management-with-peers-a-qualitative-analysis
#3
S E Skeels, D Pernigotti, B V Houlihan, T Belliveau, M Brody, J Zazula, S Hasiotis, S Seetharama, D Rosenblum, A Jette
STUDY DESIGN: A process evaluation of a clinical trial. OBJECTIVES: To describe the roles fulfilled by peer health coaches (PHCs) with spinal cord injury (SCI) during a randomized controlled trial research study called 'My Care My Call', a novel telephone-based, peer-led self-management intervention for adults with chronic SCI 1+ years after injury. SETTING: Connecticut and Greater Boston Area, MA, USA. METHODS: Directed content analysis was used to qualitatively examine information from 504 tele-coaching calls, conducted with 42 participants with SCI, by two trained SCI PHCs...
October 10, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990336/peer-teaching-of-the-physical-exam-a-pilot-study
#4
Valeria C Pazo, Susan Frankl, Subha Ramani, Joel Katz
BACKGROUND: Mastery of the physical exam (PE), and the ability to teach it to peers and medical students, are important milestones for residents (junior doctors); however, several reports indicate that PE skills are in decline. To address this need, we explored the use of peer observation of teaching (POT) as a conceptual framework to develop an innovative approach to PE teaching at the postgraduate medical education level. INNOVATION: We designed a PE POT session to be conducted at the patient bedside, and piloted four sessions in April 2014...
October 9, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989295/involving-junior-doctors-in-medical-article-publishing-is-it-an-effective-method-of-teaching
#5
Samson O Oyibo
BACKGROUND: Having peer-reviewed articles published in medical journals is important for career progression in many medical specialties. Despite this, only a minority of junior doctors have the skills in the area of medical article publishing. The aim of this study was to assess junior doctors' views concerning being involved in medical article publishing and whether they perceive involvement as an effective method of teaching. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered to a convenience sample of doctors who had been involved in medical article publishing...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989193/the-effects-of-mobile-computer-supported-collaborative-learning-meta-analysis-and-critical-synthesis
#6
Yao-Ting Sung, Je-Ming Yang, Han-Yueh Lee
One of the trends in collaborative learning is using mobile devices for supporting the process and products of collaboration, which has been forming the field of mobile-computer-supported collaborative learning (mCSCL). Although mobile devices have become valuable collaborative learning tools, evaluative evidence for their substantial contributions to collaborative learning is still scarce. The present meta-analysis, which included 48 peer-reviewed journal articles and doctoral dissertations written over a 16-year period (2000-2015) involving 5,294 participants, revealed that mCSCL has produced meaningful improvements for collaborative learning, with an overall mean effect size of 0...
August 2017: Review of Educational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985801/evaluation-of-an-online-peer-fundus-photograph-matching-program-in-teaching-direct-ophthalmoscopy-to-medical-students
#7
Jason Kwok, Walter Liao, Stephanie Baxter
OBJECTIVE: Direct ophthalmoscopy is an important clinical skill that is often poorly performed by medical professionals and students. This is attributable to a declining emphasis on ophthalmology in medical school. We present and evaluate a self-directed approach of teaching ophthalmoscopy to medical students that is suitable for the current medical curriculum. DESIGN: Prospective medical education trial. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-five second-year medical students at Queen's University: 32 in the experimental group and 63 in the control group...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982353/indigenous-health-designing-a-clinical-orientation-program-valued-by-learners
#8
Tania Huria, Suetonia Palmer, Lutz Beckert, Cameron Lacey, Suzanne Pitama
BACKGROUND: Indigenous health programs are seen as a curriculum response to addressing health disparities and social accountability. Several interrelated teaching approaches to cultural competency curricula have been recommended, however evidence of the impact of these on learner outcomes including engagement and self-reported competencies is limited. We aimed to explore undergraduate medical student perspectives of an indigenous health orientation program to inform curriculum strategies that promote learning and development of clinical skills...
October 5, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979911/early-clinical-exposure-program-in-learning-renal-physiology
#9
Arman Dehghan, Mitra Amini, Mohammad Mahdi Sagheb, Seyed Mostafa Shidmoosavi, Parisa Nabeiei
INTRODUCTION: Teaching renal physiology for undergraduate medical students in an understandable way using methods which improve their deep learning has always been a problem. In this study, Early Clinical Exposure (ECE) was used in teaching renal physiology for the second year medical students in Shiraz Medical School. This article aims to introduce and develop this program and also measure the attitude of medical students toward ECE in learning renal physiology. METHODS: This is a mixed method study conducted on 120 second year undergraduate students...
October 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974068/continuous-monitoring-and-feedback-of-quality-of-recovery-indicators-for-anaesthetists-a-qualitative-investigation-of-reported-effects-on-professional-behaviour
#10
D D'Lima, G Arnold, S J Brett, A Bottle, A Smith, J Benn
Background: Research suggests that providing clinicians with feedback on their performance can result in professional behaviour change and improved clinical outcomes. Departments would benefit from understanding which characteristics of feedback support effective quality monitoring, professional behaviour change and service improvement. This study aimed to report the experience of anaesthetists participating in a long-term initiative to provide comprehensive personalized feedback to consultants on patient-reported quality of recovery indicators in a large London teaching hospital...
July 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972628/exploring-nursing-students-experiences-of-learning-using-phenomenography-a-literature-review
#11
Sinead Barry, Louise Ward, Ruby Walter
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this extensive international and national literature review was to explore how phenomenography identifies nursing students' experiences of learning within preregistration (or prelicensure) nursing education. METHOD: Data were collected utilizing a comprehensive search of electronic databases. Full text, peer-reviewed, and scholarly articles published in English using the search terms phenomengraph*, nurs*, student, education, and learning were reviewed...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970444/teaching-prescribing-just-what-the-doctor-ordered-a-thematic-analysis-of-the-views-of-newly-qualified-doctors
#12
Christina R Hansen, Elaine K Walsh, Colin P Bradley, Laura J Sahm
Undergraduate medical education has been criticised for failing to adequately prepare doctors for the task of prescribing. Pharmacists have been shown to improve medication use in hospitals. This study aims to elicit the views of intern doctors on the challenges of prescribing, and to suggest changes in education to enhance prescribing practice and potential role of the pharmacist. Semi-structured, qualitative interviews were conducted with intern doctors in their first year post qualification in an Irish hospital...
June 13, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970187/selection-and-use-of-online-learning-resources-by-first-year-medical-students-cross-sectional-study
#13
Terry Judd, Kristine Elliott
BACKGROUND: Medical students have access to a wide range of learning resources, many of which have been specifically developed for or identified and recommended to them by curriculum developers or teaching staff. There is an expectation that students will access and use these resources to support their self-directed learning. However, medical educators lack detailed and reliable data about which of these resources students use to support their learning and how this use relates to key learning events or activities...
October 2, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967198/near-peer-question-writing-and-teaching-programme
#14
Omar Musbahi, Fuzail Nawab, Nishat I Dewan, Alexander J Hoffer, James Fcc Ung, Muhammed Talha Suleman
BACKGROUND: Near-peer assisted learning (NPAL) is an increasingly important tool in medical education; however, although numerous published papers discuss its merits, the evidence on the effectiveness and student perception of NPAL is limited. We describe a novel near-peer question writing and teaching programme to assess whether it improves the confidence of first-year medical students for their first In-Course Assessment (ICA) in medical school. The evidence on the effectiveness and student perception of NPAL is limited METHODS: A team of medical students designed a question development procedure and a structured teaching programme...
October 2, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959777/improving-mrcp-paces-pass-rates-through-the-introduction-of-a-regional-multifaceted-support-framework
#15
Richard Jerrom, Tayeba Roper, Narasimha Murthy
INTRODUCTION: Practical Assessment of Clinical Examination Skills (PACES) constitutes the final part of the mandatory Royal College of Physicians exam series for progression to higher specialty training. Pass rates were lower for core medical trainees (CMTs) in Coventry and Warwickshire in comparison to other regions within the West Midlands and nationally. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to improve pass rates in the region through the introduction of a stimulating and supportive teaching framework, designed to enhance the quality and frequency of PACES teaching...
2017: BMJ Open Qual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958579/-needs-assessment-to-improve-the-applicability-and-methodological-quality-of-a-german-s3-guideline
#16
Marion Burckhardt, Cristina Hoffmann, Brigitte Nink-Grebe, Sylvia Sänger
BACKGROUND: Clinical practice guidelines can change the practice in healthcare only if their recommendations are implemented in a comprehensive way. The German S3 guideline "Local Therapy of Chronic Wounds in Patients with Peripheral Vascular Disease, Chronic Venous Insufficiency, and Diabetes" will be updated in 2017. The emphasis here is on the guideline's validity, user-friendliness and implementation into practice. Therefore, the aim was to identify the improvements required in regard to the guideline's methods and content presentation...
September 25, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953294/job-satisfaction-among-academic-family-physicians
#17
Denny Fe Agana, Maribeth Porter, Robert Hatch, Daniel Rubin, Peter Carek
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Family physicians report some of the highest rates of burnout among their physician peers. Over the past few years, this rate has increased and work-life balance has decreased. In academic medicine, many report lack of career satisfaction and have considered leaving academia. Our aim was to explore the factors that contribute to job satisfaction and burnout in faculty members in a family medicine department. METHODS: Six academic family medicine clinics were invited to participate in this qualitative study...
September 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945195/is-lecture-dead-a-preliminary-study-of-medical-students-evaluation-of-teaching-methods-in-the-preclinical-curriculum
#18
Anne Zinski, Kristina T C Panizzi Woodley Blackwell, F Mike Belue, William S Brooks
Objectives: To investigate medical students' perceptions of lecture and non-lecture-based instructional methods and compare preferences for use and quantity of each during preclinical training. Methods: We administered a survey to first- and second-year undergraduate medical students at the University of Alabama School of Medicine in Birmingham, Alabama, USA aimed to evaluate preferred instructional methods.  Using a cross-sectional study design, Likert scale ratings and student rankings were used to determine preferences among lecture, laboratory, team-based learning, simulation, small group case-based learning, large group case-based learning, patient presentation, and peer teaching...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943750/promoting-student-teacher-interactions-exploring-a-peer-coaching-model-for-teachers-in-a-preschool-setting
#19
Stacy R Johnson, Kristy J Finlon, Roger Kobak, Carroll E Izard
Peer coaching provides an attractive alternative to traditional professional development for promoting classroom quality in a sustainable, cost-effective manner by creating a collaborative teaching community. This exploratory study describes the development and evaluation of the Colleague Observation And CoacHing (COACH) program, a peer coaching program designed to increase teachers' effectiveness in enhancing classroom quality in a preschool Head Start setting. The COACH program consists of a training workshop on coaching skills and student-teacher interactions, six peer coaching sessions, and three center meetings...
July 2017: Early Childhood Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937930/feasibility-of-a-multidisciplinary-caregiving-training-protocol-for-young-caregivers-in-families-with-als
#20
Melinda S Kavanaugh, Megan Howard, Lori Banker-Horner
Feasibility of a multidisciplinary caregiving training protocol for young caregivers in families with ALS. OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of a multidisciplinary young caregiver group training protocol for children and youth who provide care to a family member with ALS. METHOD: Peer group experiential young caregiver model based on theories of self-management and self-efficacy. Training conducted by a multidisciplinary team of therapists in ALS (PT, OT, Speech and social work), as well as assistive device vendors...
September 22, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
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