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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238687/status-of-otorhinolaryngology-as-specialty-of-choice-among-female-medical-graduates
#1
Sunil Garg, Rubeena Arora, Sunil Kumar, Gautam Bir Singh
Specialty choices among medical graduates have undergone changes over time. We aimed to analyze status of otorhinolaryngology as specialty of choice among female medical graduates and factors affecting it. A total of 123 female medical graduates were surveyed during their internship over a period of 1 year in a tertiary-care hospital. Each intern was assessed using a questionnaire at the end of otorhinolaryngology rotation. The survey included nine questions about future career choices with special focus on ENT as a choice for specialization...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233425/examining-differences-between-p1-versus-p2-students-as-teaching-assistants-in-a-p1-skills-based-course
#2
Suzanne M Galal, John K Mayberry, Anita Wang, Thao Tran
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to assess differences between the use of first-year (P1; "peer") versus second-year (P2; "near-peer") students as teaching assistants (TA) in a first-year, skills-based course. METHODS: The practicum course assesses competence in the provision of screening services and patient counseling. TAs review weekly material followed by a one-on-one assessment of each student using a grading rubric. Both qualitative and quantitative data were analyzed to determine if there was a difference in performance between the peer and near-peer teaching assistants...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233410/teaching-students-to-become-effective-educators-through-an-academic-elective-course
#3
Kimberly K Daugherty, Meghan Bodenberg
INTRODUCTION: 2013 CAPE outcomes and 2016 ACPE accreditation standards state student graduates should be "able to educate all audiences by determining the most effective and enduring ways to impart information and assess learning". RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to describe the implementation of a professional elective that achieves this outcome and improves students' abilities to teach, communicate, and conduct peer and self-assessment...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233388/peer-teaching-as-an-educational-tool-in-pharmacy-schools-fruitful-or-futile
#4
REVIEW
Mona Hassan Aburahma, Heba Moustafa Mohamed
BACKGROUND: In the past decade, various health care programs have implemented diverse types of peer-assisted learning (PAL) programs, in particularly peer teaching (PT), due to their reported benefits for students (both those undertaking teaching and those being taught), teachers, and educational institutes. Unfortunately, peer teaching is still under-recognized in pharmacy programs worldwide when compared to other health care programs. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the published literature centered on formal PT programs that are implemented in pharmacy schools...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233385/traditional-lecture-versus-jigsaw-learning-method-for-teaching-medication-therapy-management-mtm-core-elements
#5
Jennifer A Wilson, Angela H Pegram, Dawn M Battise, April M Robinson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To determine if traditional didactic lecture or the jigsaw learning method is more effective to teach the medication therapy management (MTM) core elements in a first year pharmacy course. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Traditional didactic lecture and a pre-class reading assignment were used in the fall semester cohort, and the jigsaw method was used in the spring semester cohort. Jigsaw is a cooperative learning strategy requiring students to assume responsibility for learning, and subsequently teaching peers...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230945/a-novel-peer-feedback-programme-of-family-centred-rounds
#6
Priti Bhansali, Ellen Goldman
BACKGROUND: Family-centred rounds (FCRs) are becoming standard practice in in-patient paediatrics. Few faculty development programmes to train doctors in how to lead FCRs have been described in the literature, yet recent studies of peer feedback of in-patient rounds in internal medicine suggest benefits to teaching practices. Peer feedback may be useful as a faculty development method for FCRs. The study objective was to describe the experience of paediatric hospitalists participating in a peer feedback programme based on direct observation of FCRs...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226274/virtual-dissection-by-ultrasound-probe-handling-in-the-first-year-of-medical-education
#7
Graziano Serrao, Massimo Tassoni, Alberto M Magenta-Biasina, Antonio Giuseppe Mantero, Antonino Previtera, Michela Crisitna Turci, Elia Mario Biganzoli, Emanuela A M Bertolini
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to assess the educational plan of first-year students of medicine by analyzing their scores in ultrasound body scanning. Methods: Since 2009, the San Paolo Medical School (Milan, Italy) has vertically integrated the study of anatomy with ultrasound-assisted virtual body dissection. Three modules were supplied: musculoskeletal system, heart and abdomen pelvis. 653 first-year students were trained. The students alternated as mutual model and operator...
September 2017: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222613/broadening-the-scope-of-peer-mediated-intervention-for-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#8
Mateusz Płatos, Kinga Wojaczek
Peer-mediated intervention (PMI) is most commonly defined as a treatment approach that engages typically developing peers to teach children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) social skills and increase their social interactions, mainly in a school setting. In this letter, we address the limitations of such understanding of PMI and review the arguments for broadening its scope. In particular, we argue that there is a critical need for research on PMI that focuses on friendship, social participation, and well-being of adolescents and adults with ASD, as well as engages peers in the community settings...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220620/mediating-peer-teaching-for-learning-games-an-action-research-intervention-across-three-consecutive-sport-education-seasons
#9
Cláudio Farias, Isabel Mesquita, Peter A Hastie, Toni O'Donovan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to provide an integrated analysis of a teacher's peer-teaching mediation strategies, the student-coaches' instruction, and the students' gameplay development across 3 consecutive seasons of sport education. METHOD: Twenty-six 7th-grade students participated in 3 consecutive sport education seasons of invasion games (basketball, handball, and soccer). The research involved 3 action research cycles, 1 per season, and each cycle included the processes of planning, acting and monitoring, reflecting, and fact finding...
December 8, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210896/peer-training-using-cognitive-rehearsal-to-promote-a-culture-of-safety-in-health-care
#10
Toni Roberts, Kimberly Hanna, Shelia Hurley, Rebecca Turpin, Susan Clark
Nursing students need opportunities to prepare for real-world problems that they may encounter as they enter the profession. Incivility and bullying behaviors persist in health care. The purpose of this project was to increase students' awareness of incivility and prepare them to respond to it. Two teaching methods were compared. Results supported that interactive civility training using cognitive rehearsal provided by nursing student peers was as effective as instruction from an expert.
November 29, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205901/dissecting-the-role-of-sessional-anatomy-teachers-a-systematic-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Danielle Rhodes, Quentin A Fogg, Michelle D Lazarus
Worldwide there is a growing reliance on sessional teachers in universities. This has impacted all disciplines in higher education including medical anatomy programs. The objective of this review was to define the role and support needs of sessional anatomy teachers by reporting on the (1) qualifications, (2) teaching role, (3) training, and (4) performance management of this group of educators. A systematic literature search was conducted on the 27 July 2017 in Scopus, Web of Science, and several databases on the Ovid, ProQuest and EBSCOhost platforms...
December 4, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202736/peer-teacher-training-ptt-program-for-health-professional-students-interprofessional-and-flipped-learning
#12
Annette Burgess, Chris Roberts, Christie van Diggele, Craig Mellis
BACKGROUND: The need for developing healthcare professional students' peer teaching skills is widely acknowledged, and a number of discipline-based peer teacher training programs have been previously reported. However, a consensus on what a student peer teaching skills program across the health professions should entail, and the associated benefits and challenges, has not been previously described. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the design and implementation of an interprofessional Peer Teacher Training (PTT) program, and explore outcomes and participant perceptions, using Experience-Based Learning (ExBL) theory...
December 4, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202322/accident-frequency-and-unrealistic-optimism-children-s-assessment-of-risk
#13
Mary Sissons Joshi, Morag Maclean, Claire Stevens
Accidental injury is a major cause of mortality and morbidity among children, warranting research on their risk perceptions. Three hundred and seven children aged 10-11 years assessed the frequency, danger and personal risk likelihood of 8 accidents. Two social-cognitive biases were manifested. The frequency of rare accidents (e.g. drowning) was overestimated, and the frequency of common accidents (e.g. bike accidents) underestimated; and the majority of children showed unrealistic optimism tending to see themselves as less likely to suffer these accidents in comparison to their peers, offering superior skills or parental control of the environment as an explanation...
December 1, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183931/early-low-energy-versus-high-energy-enteral-nutrition-support-in-patients-with-traumatic-intracerebral-haemorrhage-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Yanfei Shen, Xuping Cheng, Manzhen Ying, Weimin Zhang, Xuandong Jiang, Kailei Du
BACKGROUND: Early enteral nutrition (EN) is associated with shorter hospital stay and lower infection and mortality rates in patients with intracerebral haemorrhage. However, high-energy support always causes clinical complications, such as diarrhoea and aspiration pneumonia, and the true benefit of high-energy support in these patients has not been investigated. The appropriate amount of energy support still needs further investigation. Therefore, we are performing a randomised controlled trial to investigate whether early low-energy EN can decrease mortality and feeding-related complications and improve neurological outcomes as compared with high-energy EN in traumatic intracerebral haemorrhage (TICH) patients...
November 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183183/peer-group-reflection-on-student-ratings-stimulates-clinical-teachers-to-generate-plans-to-improve-their-teaching
#15
Marion van Lierop, Laury de Jonge, Job Metsemakers, Diana Dolmans
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that student ratings of a teachers' performance do not incentivize clinical teachers to reflect critically and generate plans to improve their teaching. Peer group reflection might offer a solution in mediating this change. AIM: To investigate: (a) to which extent clinical teachers perceive self-evaluation, student ratings and peer group reflection effective; and (b) whether additional peer group reflection fosters critical reflection and the translation of feedback into concrete plans of action...
November 28, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179660/teaching-resident-physicians-the-power-of-implicit-bias-and-how-it-impacts-patient-care-utilizing-patients-who-have-experienced-incarceration-as-a-model
#16
Sabrina Hofmeister, Andrya Soprych
Over 2 million adults in the United States are incarcerated and over 650,000 return to the community each year. This disparate population is known to have an elevated burden of chronic disease and lower socioeconomic status. Medical residency training about care of incarcerated or previously incarcerated patients is significantly lacking in the United States. Curriculum can be developed and implemented in residency programs to help physicians learn how to work with this population, be sensitive to their unique needs, and achieve positive health outcomes...
July 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161471/peer-to-peer-mentoring-for-african-american-women-with-lupus-a-feasibility-pilot
#17
Edith M Williams, J Madison Hyer, Ramakrishnan Viswanathan, Trevor D Faith, Delia Voronca, Mulugeta Gebregzaibher, Jim C Oates, Leonard Egede
OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility and potential benefits of peer mentoring to improve the disease self-management and quality of life of individuals with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Peer mentors were trained and paired with up to three mentees to receive self-management education and support by telephone over 12 weeks. This study took place at an academic teaching hospital in Charleston, South Carolina. Seven quads consisting of one peer mentor and three mentees were matched based on factors such as age, area of residence, marital and work status...
November 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152036/case-study-quasi-qualitative-analysis-of-peer-group-supervision-of-a-child-trauma-recovery-program-in-occupied-palestine
#18
Ian G Barron, Ghassan Abdallah, Unni Heltne
This case study explores the impact of peer group supervision (PGS) for counselors delivering Teaching Recovery Techniques (TRT), a group psycho-social program for traumatized adolescents. Interviews were conducted with seven school counselors, from villages near East Jerusalem in occupied Palestine; a skilled supervisor; and an international trainer. A quasi-qualitative analysis was conducted to quantify responses and themes along with a measure of inter-rater reliability. Participants reported that even in a context of military violence, PGS provided a reflective process inclusive of formative, normative and restorative functions...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151053/protocol-of-the-sepsivit-study-a-prospective-observational-study-to-determine-whether-continuous-heart-rate-variability-measurement-during-the-first-48-hours-of-hospitalisation-provides-an-early-warning-for-deterioration-in-patients-presenting-with-infection
#19
Vincent M Quinten, Matijs van Meurs, Maurits H Renes, Jack J M Ligtenberg, Jan C Ter Maaten
INTRODUCTION: One in five patients with sepsis deteriorates within 48 hours after hospital admission. Regrettably, a clear tool for the early detection of deterioration is still lacking. The SepsiVit study aims to determine whether continuous heart rate variability (HRV) measurement can provide an early warning for deterioration in patients presenting with suspected infection or sepsis to the emergency department (ED). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The protocol of a prospective observational study in the ED...
November 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149579/doing-for-the-greater-good-what-price-in-academe
#20
Suniya S Luthar
In discussing how merit is commonly judged in academia, my focus in this article is not on dimensions that are currently considered but on those that warrant more attention. Grounded in suggestions offered by Sternberg, I argue here for increased recognition of faculty's commitment to intrinsic values-focused on community and relationships-and not just extrinsic ones that connote personal fame or status. I first summarize evidence of disillusionment among today's promising young scholars and then provide exemplars of role models who have, in fact, maintained high standards in both intrinsic and extrinsic domains...
November 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
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