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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929320/peer-facilitated-discrete-trial-training-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
K Richard Young, Keith C Radley, William R Jenson, Richard P West, Susan K Clare
In 2 studies, we evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of peer-mediated, school-based discrete trial training (DTT) for students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In the first, 6 typically developing elementary-age students were trained to use DTT procedures to teach target academic skills to 3 students with ASD who had been educated in a self-contained setting. A multiple probe-across-tutors design was applied to evaluate the accuracy with which the tutors implemented the DTT protocol. Results of the study indicated that training was effective in increasing the integrity of implementation of the DTT protocol...
December 2016: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915362/teaching-health-care-students-the-radial-arterial-puncture-procedure
#2
Kevin P Collins, Christopher J Russian, Joshua F Gonzales
The radial artery puncture is a frequently ordered medical procedure for patients requiring blood gas analysis. Deviating from the proper procedure increases the likelihood of error and jeopardizes patient safety. The teaching methodology for the radial artery puncture is rarely addressed in the medical literature. First-year respiratory care students enrolled in a clinical practice course participated in an expanded curriculum on arterial puncture technique. The new five-step curriculum included: 1) a face-to-face lecture, 2) radial artery localization, 3) blunt-tipped needle simulation, 4) manikin arm puncture, and 5) a peer assessment video...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912763/global-health-partnership-for-student-peer-to-peer-psychiatry-e-learning-lessons-learned
#3
REVIEW
Roxanne C Keynejad
BACKGROUND: Global 'twinning' relationships between healthcare organizations and institutions in low and high-resource settings have created growing opportunities for e-health partnerships which capitalize upon expanding information technology resources worldwide. E-learning approaches to medical education are increasingly popular but remain under-investigated, whilst a new emphasis on global health teaching has coincided with university budget cuts in many high income countries. RESULTS: King's Somaliland Partnership (KSP) is a paired institutional partnership health link, supported by Tropical Health and Education Trust (THET), which works to strengthen the healthcare system and improve access to care through mutual exchange of skills, knowledge and experience between Somaliland and King's Health Partners, UK...
December 3, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909633/the-hidden-curriculum-exposing-the-unintended-lessons-of-medical-education
#4
Laura Hopkins, Lana Saciragic, Joanna Kim, Glenn Posner
INTRODUCTION:  The hidden curriculum is a set of ethical, moral, and value-based teachings communicated to doctors-in-training, providing a basis for their future interactions with patients, peers, and colleagues. The aim of our study is to introduce the concept of the hidden curriculum to a cohort of third-year medical students and to subsequently evaluate their understanding. In particular, we sought to measure and benchmark the degree of hidden curriculum recognition within a Canadian medical education context...
October 25, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909025/making-the-grade-using-instructional-feedback-and-evaluation-to-inspire-evidence-based-teaching
#5
Peggy Brickman, Cara Gormally, Amedee Marchand Martella
Typically, faculty receive feedback about teaching via two mechanisms: end-of-semester student evaluations and peer observation. However, instructors require more sustained encouragement and constructive feedback when implementing evidence-based teaching practices. Our study goal was to characterize the landscape of current instructional-feedback practices in biology and uncover faculty perceptions about these practices. Findings from a national survey of 400 college biology faculty reveal an overwhelming dissatisfaction with student evaluations, regardless of self-reported teaching practices, institution type, or position...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904557/the-expected-results-of-faculty-development-programs-in-medical-professionalism-from-the-viewpoint-of-medical-education-experts
#6
Nikoo Yamani, Mahsa Shakour, Alireza Yousefi
BACKGROUND: Despite the great emphasis on teaching professionalism in universities, creating changes in one's professional behavior is a serious challenge in medical education. In this regard, one cannot ignore the role of faculty members. The present study was set to investigate the opinions of medical education experts about the expected results of faculty development programs regarding teaching and learning professionalism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out in two phases including content analysis study and Delphi...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887620/anatomy-meets-dentistry-linking-anatomy-and-clinical-practice-in-the-preclinical-dental-curriculum
#7
Nicole Rafai, Martin Lemos, Lieven Nils Kennes, Ayichah Hawari, Susanne Gerhardt-Szép, Irmgard Classen-Linke
BACKGROUND: Establishing a strong link early on between preclinical coursework and the clinical context is necessary for students to be able to recognize the practical relevance of the curriculum during their preclinical anatomical courses and to transfer knowledge more easily. Our objective was to enhance the clinical relevance of a preclinical anatomy course for second-year medical students of dentistry by implementing an interdisciplinary skills training course on "Palpation of the Head and Neck Muscles" and to measure the learning outcomes...
November 25, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886575/an-evaluation-of-the-appropriateness-and-effectiveness-of-structured-reflection-for-midwifery-students-in-ireland
#8
Louise Gallagher, Denise Lawler, Vivienne Brady, Colm OBoyle, Anna Deasy, Kathryn Muldoon
Midwifery students undertaking the undergraduate midwifery education programme in Ireland participate in facilitated reflective sessions that aim to develop their skills of reflecting on and in clinical practice. This paper presents a qualitative evaluation of the appropriateness and effectiveness of the facilitated reflection sessions for pre and post-registration midwifery students in two large Dublin maternity teaching hospitals. The aim was to evaluate structured reflective practice sessions which sought to assist midwifery students to become competent reflective practitioners...
November 14, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878959/students-today%C3%A2-educators-tomorrow
#9
Keri Moore, Brett Vaughan
BACKGROUND: The article describes the use of the mini clinical examination (mini-CEX) in a pilot study to introduce peer assessment in one allied health programme to explore students' capacity as clinical educators. Preparing today's pre-professional health students to be clinical educators by engaging them in peer teaching, learning and assessment may encourage them to become tomorrow's clinical educators. CONTEXT: Peer assessment is common among many undergraduate medical and allied health programmes, and is typically used as a means of providing students with feedback on their clinical skill development...
November 22, 2016: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870925/quantitative-and-qualitative-analysis-of-student-tutors-as-near-peer-teachers-in-the-gross-anatomy-course
#10
J Walser, A Horneffer, W Oechsner, M Huber-Lang, S Gerhardt-Szep, A Boeckers
INTRODUCTION: Peer teaching is a well-established teaching method in medical education. During the 2012/13 winter term, the Institute of Anatomy and Cell Biology in Ulm, Germany, introduced a longitudinal didactics program ("Train the Tutor": TtT) to train student tutors as near-peer teachers (NPT) in the dissection course (DC). Twenty-three of 38 tutors participated in the programme. Our study describes the educational concept and the NPTs' activities in the dissection course. METHODS: NPTs documented their activities on a daily basis in the form of semi-structured reports...
November 18, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863928/a-scoping-review-of-the-role-of-lego-%C3%A2-therapy-for-improving-inclusion-and-social-skills-among-children-and-youth-with-autism
#11
REVIEW
Sally Lindsay, Kara Grace Hounsell, Celia Cassiani
BACKGROUND: LEGO(®) therapy uses children's natural interest in play to help motivate behavioural change and may be an effective teaching tool to increase social competency and communication skills. Although the literature is growing it has not been synthesized. OBJECTIVES: To review the literature on the role of LEGO(®) therapy on social skills and inclusion among children and youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). METHODS: A scoping review was conducted, involving comprehensive searches of international databases...
November 10, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846852/a-systematic-review-of-physician-retirement-planning
#12
Michelle Pannor Silver, Angela D Hamilton, Aviroop Biswas, Natalie Irene Warrick
BACKGROUND: Physician retirement planning and timing have important implications for patients, hospitals, and healthcare systems. Unplanned early or late physician retirement can have dire consequences in terms of both patient safety and human resource allocations. This systematic review examined existing evidence on the timing and process of retirement of physicians. Four questions were addressed: (1) When do physicians retire? (2) Why do some physicians retire early? (3) Why do some physicians delay their retirement? (4) What strategies facilitate physician retention and/or retirement planning? METHODS: English-language studies were searched in electronic databases MEDLINE, Web of Science, Scopus, CINAHL, AgeLine, Embase, HealthSTAR, ASSA, and PsycINFO, from inception up to and including March 2016...
November 15, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842580/the-effect-of-written-standardized-feedback-on-the-structure-and-quality-of-surgical-lectures-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Jasmina Sterz, Sebastian H Höfer, Bernd Bender, Maren Janko, Farzin Adili, Miriam Ruesseler
BACKGROUND: Lectures remain an important teaching method to present and structure knowledge to many students concurrently. Adequate measures are necessary to maintain the quality of the lectures. The aim of this study was to determine the impact on the lecture quality using written structured feedback and to compare the ratings of surgical lectures between students and surgical peers. METHODS: Prospective analysis of two consecutive surgical lecture series for undergraduate students at Goethe-University Medical School was performed before and after evaluation of the lecturers via independent written feedback from trained undergraduate students and surgeons...
November 14, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834507/graduate-assistant-athletic-trainers-perceptions-of-the-supervisor-s-role-in-professional-socialization-part-ii
#14
Ashley B Thrasher, Stacy E Walker, Dorice A Hankemeier, Thalia Mulvihill
CONTEXT:  Many new athletic trainers (ATs) obtain graduate-assistant (GA) positions to gain more experience and professional development while being mentored by a veteran AT; however, GA ATs' perceptions of the supervisor's role in professional development are unknown. OBJECTIVE:  To explore the supervisor's role in the professional development of GAs in the collegiate setting. DESIGN:  Qualitative study. SETTING:  Phone interviews...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832725/twelve-tips-for-turning-quality-assurance-data-into-undergraduate-teaching-awards-a-quality-improvement-and-student-engagement-initiative
#15
Kate Newton, Helen Lewis, Mark Pugh, Madhavi Paladugu, Alexander Woywodt
Data on teaching awards in undergraduate medical education are sparse. The benefits of an awards system may seem obvious at first glance. However, there are also potential problems relating to fairness, avoidance of bias, and alignment of the awards system with a wider strategy for quality improvement and curriculum development. Here, we report five- year single center experience with establishing undergraduate teaching awards in a large academic teaching hospital. Due to lack of additional funding we based our awards not on peer review but mainly on existing and very comprehensive quality assurance (QA) data...
November 10, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832561/improved-hospital-mortality-with-a-low-met-dose-the-importance-of-a-modified-early-warning-score-and-communication-tool
#16
D V Mullany, M Ziegenfuss, M A Goleby, H E Ward
Rapid response systems have been mandated for the recognition and management of the deteriorating patient. Increasing medical emergency team (MET) dose may be associated with improved outcomes. Large numbers of MET calls may divert resources from the program providing the service unless additional personnel are provided. To describe the implementation and outcomes of a multifaceted rapid response system (RRS) in a teaching hospital, we conducted an observational study. The RRS consisted of the introduction of a MET together with 1) redesign of the ward observation chart with the vital sign variables colour-coded to identify variation from normal; 2) mandated minimum frequency of vital sign measurement; 3) three formal levels of escalation based on the degree of physiological instability as measured by a modified early warning score (MEWS); 4) COMPASS© education and e-learning package with a two-hour face-to-face small group tutorial; 5) practise in escalation and communication using the ISBAR (Identify, Situation, Background, Assessment, Response/Recommendation) communication tool...
November 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830261/nursing-informatics-certification-worldwide-history-pathway-roles-and-motivation
#17
Mollie R Cummins, Adi V Gundlapalli, Aditya V Gundlapalli, Peter Murray, Hyeoun-Ae Park, Christoph U Lehmann
INTRODUCTION: Official recognition and certification for informatics professionals are essential aspects of workforce development. OBJECTIVE: To describe the history, pathways, and nuances of certification in nursing informatics across the globe; compare and contrast those with board certification in clinical informatics for physicians. METHODS: (1) A review of the representative literature on informatics certification and related competencies for nurses and physicians, and relevant websites for nursing informatics associations and societies worldwide; (2) similarities and differences between certification processes for nurses and physicians, and (3) perspectives on roles for nursing informatics professionals in healthcare Results: The literature search for 'nursing informatics certification' yielded few results in PubMed; Google Scholar yielded a large number of citations that extended to magazines and other non-peer reviewed sources...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822158/using-the-journal-bmj-case-reports-to-promote-the-publication-of-clinical-case-reports
#18
Blanca San José Montano
OBJECTIVE: The study updates and enhances clinicians' knowledge about clinical case reports (CCRs) and encourages publication of such articles. METHODS: The author developed and offered a session about BMJ Case Reports to medical and surgical departments in the University Hospital of Móstoles. The session reviewed the contents and add-on services of the journal, conventional and alternative indicators of journal quality, use of CCRs to share valuable clinical lessons, and manuscript preparation and submission...
October 2016: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814779/speaking-up-using-ostes-to-understand-how-medical-students-address-professionalism-lapses
#19
Constance R Tucker, Beth A Choby, Andrew Moore, Robert Scott Parker, Benjamin R Zambetti, Sarah Naids, Jillian Scott, Jennifer Loome, Sierra Gaffney
BACKGROUND: Objective-structured teaching encounters (OSTEs) are used across many disciplines to assess teaching ability. The OSTE detailed in this paper assesses 191 fourth-year medical students' (M4) ability to identify and address lapses in professionalism based on Association of American Medical Colleges' professionalism competencies. The research questions addressed are How frequently do M4s address professionalism lapses observed during an OSTE? What factors influence whether M4s provide feedback when they observe professionalism lapses in an OSTE? METHODS: Standardized patients (SPs) and standardized learners (SLs) were recruited and trained to participate in a standardized encounter with specific cognitive, social, and behavioral errors, including professionalism lapses...
2016: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813688/the-health-professions-education-pathway-preparing-students-residents-and-fellows-to-become-future-educators
#20
H Carrie Chen, Maria A Wamsley, Amin Azzam, Katherine Julian, David M Irby, Patricia S O'Sullivan
PROBLEM: Training the next generation of health professionals requires leaders, innovators, and scholars in education. Although many medical schools and residencies offer education electives or tracks focused on developing teaching skills, these programs often omit educational innovation, scholarship, and leadership and are narrowly targeted to one level of learner. INTERVENTION: The University of California San Francisco created the Health Professions Education Pathway for medical students, residents, and fellows as well as learners from other health professional schools...
November 4, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
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