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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627304/low-fidelity-model-making-activity-by-students-a-novel-way-of-learning-concepts-of-neuroanatomy
#1
Shilpi Gupta Dixit, Pushpa Potaliya, S M Nayeemudin, Surajit Ghatak
Teaching and learning anatomy has always been an integral part of medical education. Teaching neuroanatomy has always faced innate and contextual challenges therefore various innovative teaching-learning methods have been devised on the idea of engaging learners in meaningful learning activities through apt guidance, communication among peers and cluster activities. The present study aims at such an innovative method. The study was conducted in practical sessions of first year MBBS at the Institute during second semester...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621744/undergraduate-peer-assisted-learning-tutors-performance-in-summative-anatomy-examinations-a-pilot-study
#2
Andee Agius, Isabel Stabile
Objectives: To compare summative anatomy examination results of Peer Assisted Learning (PAL) tutors and learners in the same undergraduate classroom. Methods: Comparative study of Year-1 medical students who did/did not serve as PAL tutors. PAL tutors gave six hours of teaching in lower limb anatomy. Percent marks for written and spotting examinations were compared between PAL tutors and PAL learners. Results: The 12 self-selected PAL tutors were not significantly different from their peers (n=191) in terms of age or nationality, but 20% were female compared to 51% of PAL learners...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619242/adolescents-and-health-related-behaviour-using-a-framework-to-develop-interventions-to-support-positive-behaviours
#3
Jan Pringle, Lawrence Doi, Divya Jindal-Snape, Ruth Jepson, John McAteer
Background: Experimentation is a natural part of adolescent maturation. In conjunction with increased exposure to behaviours such as alcohol or substance use, and the potentially intensified influence of peer groups, unhealthy behaviour patterns may develop as part of this experimentation. However, the adolescent years also provide considerable opportunity for behaviour to be shaped in positive ways that may improve immediate and longer term health outcomes. A systematic review carried out by the authors concluded that physiological changes during adolescence need to be considered when designing or implementing interventions, due to their influence on health behaviours...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618866/journal-club-and-post-graduate-medical-education
#4
Surajit Bhattacharya
A journal club is an educational meeting in which a group of individuals discuss published articles, to keep themselves abreast of new knowledge, promoting in them the awareness of current research findings, teaching them to critique and appraise research, and encourage them to utilize research in evidence based practice of the speciality. With so much of market driven research in journals the role of journal club becomes even more vital to differentiate a genuine recent advance from a clever but outright harmful rediscovery of the wheel which has been long discarded...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616574/the-art-of-talking-about-science-beginning-to-teach-physiology-students-how-to-communicate-with-nonscientists
#5
Andrew M Petzold, Robert L Dunbar
The ability to clearly disseminate scientific knowledge is a skill that is necessary for any undergraduate student within the sciences. Traditionally, this is accomplished through the instruction of scientific presentation or writing with a focus on peer-to-peer communication at the expense of teaching communication aimed at a nonscientific audience. One of the ramifications of focusing on peer-to-peer communication has presented itself as an apprehension toward scientific knowledge within the general populace...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616573/physiology-learning-for-veterinary-students-impact-of-guided-practices-on-students-opinion-and-physiological-parameters
#6
Francisco A García-Vázquez, Raquel Romar, Joaquín Gadea, Carmen Matás, Pilar Coy, Salvador Ruiz
Over recent decades, education has increasingly focused on student-centered learning. Guided practices represent a new way of learning for undergraduate students of physiology, whereby the students turn into teacher-students and become more deeply involved in the subject by preparing and teaching a practical (laboratory) class to their peers. The goal was to assess the students' opinions about guided practices and how physiological parameters change during the activity. For this objective, two experiments were performed...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614190/the-value-of-peer-mentorship-as-an-educational-strategy-in-nursing
#7
Tannis Andersen, Kathy Watkins
BACKGROUND: The emphasis of this article is to provide nursing instructors with a valuable educational strategy grounded in andragogical principles for reflection and implementation in their educational practice. METHOD: An expository review of the value of peer mentorship as an educational strategy that fits within the humanistic adult education philosophy and social constructivism theory was conducted. RESULTS: The value in peer mentorship is greatest for nursing students as mentors and mentees, predominantly in encouraging self-directed learning, building relationships, providing emotional and educational support, and developing collaboration and leadership skills...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609216/navigating-the-health-care-system-an-adolescent-health-literacy-unit-for-high-schools
#8
Denise Hughes, Kristin Maiden
BACKGROUND: Currently, no intervention concerning transition of health care responsibilities from parents to teens exists for adolescents in the general population. The purpose of this intervention was to evaluate teacher satisfaction and student knowledge gain of a health unit developed for adolescents on becoming their own health care advocates. METHODS: Throughout the 2014-2015 school year, 13 health and career technical education teachers in 11 Delaware high schools taught the unit to 948 students in 2 90-minute classes in 35 classrooms...
May 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608206/effectiveness-of-peer-teaching-in-medical-education-medical-student-s-perspective
#9
COMMENT
Farhiya Omar, Maryam Zaheer, Muna Ahmed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606656/engaging-oral-health-students-in-learning-basic-science-through-assessment-that-weaves-in-personal-experience
#10
Delyse Leadbeatter, Jinlong Gao
Learning basic science forms an essential foundation for oral health therapy and dentistry, but frequently students perceive it as difficult, dry, and disconnected from clinical practice. This perception is encouraged by assessment methods that reward fact memorization, such as objective examinations. This study evaluated use of a learner-centered assessment portfolio designed to increase student engagement with basic science in an oral health therapy program at the University of Sydney, Australia. The aim of this qualitative study based on focus groups was to investigate students' engagement with basic science courses following introduction of the portfolio...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604604/an-exploration-of-peer-assisted-learning-in-undergraduate-nursing-students-in-paediatric-clinical-settings-an-ethnographic-study
#11
Matthew C Carey, Anna Chick, Bridie Kent, Jos M Latour
BACKGROUND: Peer-assisted leaning relates to the acquisition of knowledge and skills through shared learning of matched equals. The concept has been explored within the field of nurse education across a range of learning environments, but its impact in practice is still relatively unknown. This paper reports on findings when observing paediatric undergraduate nursing students who engage in PAL within the clinical practice setting. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to report the findings of a study undertaken to explore peer-assisted learning in undergraduate nursing students, studying children's health, in the clinical practice setting...
March 22, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602091/developing-religiously-tailored-health-messages-for-behavioral-change-introducing-the-reframe-reprioritize-and-reform-3r-model
#12
Aasim I Padela, Sana Malik, Milkie Vu, Michael Quinn, Monica Peek
RATIONALE: As community health interventions advance from being faith-placed to authentically faith-based, greater discussion is needed about the theory, practice, and ethics of delivering health messages embedded within a religious worldview. While there is much potential to leverage religion to promote health behaviors and improve health outcomes, there is also a risk of co-opting religious teachings for strictly biomedical ends. OBJECTIVE: To describe the development, implementation, and ethical dimensions of a conceptual model for religiously-tailoring health messages...
March 21, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599738/peer-learning-in-instrumental-practicing
#13
Siw G Nielsen, Guro G Johansen, Harald Jørgensen
In higher music education (HME), the notion of "private teaching, private learning" has a long tradition, where the learning part rests on the student's individual practicing between instrumental lessons. However, recent research suggests that collaborative learning among peers is beneficial in several aspects, such as sense of belonging, motivation and self-efficacy. This is consistent with the concept of vicarious learning. In this study, we conducted a survey among bachelor music students in church music, performance or music education programs enrolled in a music academy ( N = 96), where parts of the questionnaire addressed peer learning and peer's influence on the students's instrumental practicing, and the degree of satisfaction with their practicing...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596280/adolescent-sexual-behavior-and-emergency-department-use
#14
Julie Weisman, Alyse Chase, Gia M Badolato, Stephen J Teach, Maria E Trent, James M Chamberlain, Monika K Goyal
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine whether adolescents in emergency departments (EDs) who report engaging in high-risk sexual behaviors are less likely to identify a primary care provider (PCP) and more likely to access the ED than their sexually inexperienced peers. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of adolescents presenting to a pediatric ED with non-sexually transmitted infection (STI)-related complaints who completed surveys to assess sexual behavior risk and health care access...
March 28, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582056/educational-intervention-in-a-medically-underserved-area
#15
Joel Atance, Morgan Mickalis, Brianna Kincade
Context: Medical students from rural and medically underserved areas (MUAs) are more likely than their peers to practice medicine in rural areas and MUAs. However, students from MUAs are also more likely to face socioeconomic barriers to a career in medicine. Objective: To determine whether a week-long summer enrichment experience (SEE) at Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine-Carolinas could successfully teach high school students from MUAs basic biomedical concepts and foster an interest in medicine and the health sciences...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573152/the-benefits-of-being-a-near-peer-teacher
#16
Samuel Hall, Charlotte H Harrison, Jonny Stephens, Matheus Gesteria Andrade, Eleanor G Seaby, William Parton, Simon McElligott, Matthew A Myers, Ahmed Elmansouri, Michael Ahn, Rachel Parrott, Claire F Smith, Scott Border
BACKGROUND: Near-peer teaching is used in anatomy education because of its benefits to the learner, teacher and faculty members. Despite the range of reports focusing on the learner, the advantages for the teacher, which are thought to include communication skills, subject knowledge and employability, are only beginning to be explored. METHOD: A questionnaire was distributed to the teachers involved in anatomy near-peer teaching at the University of Southampton and Brighton and Sussex Medical School (BSMS)...
March 23, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572338/institute-of-medical-ethics-guidelines-for-confirmation-of-appointment-promotion-and-recognition-of-uk-bioethics-and-medical-ethics-researchers
#17
Lucy Frith, Carwyn Hooper, Silvia Camporesi, Thomas Douglas, Anna Smajdor, Emma Nottingham, Zoe Fritz, Merryn Ekberg, Richard Huxtable
This document is designed to give guidance on assessing researchers in bioethics/medical ethics. It is intended to assist members of selection, confirmation and promotion committees, who are required to assess those conducting bioethics research when they are not from a similar disciplinary background. It does not attempt to give guidance on the quality of bioethics research, as this is a matter for peer assessment. Rather it aims to give an indication of the type, scope and amount of research that is the expected in this field...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568715/not-your-typical-simulation-workshop-using-legos-to-train-medical-students-on-the-practice-of-effective-communication
#18
Dimitrios Papanagnou, Hyunjoo Lee, Carlos Rodriguez, Xiao Chi C Zhang, Joshua Rudner
As students in the health professions transition from the classroom into the clinical environment, they will be expected to effectively communicate with their team members and their patients. Effective communication skills are essential to their ability to effectively contribute to their clinical team and the patient care they deliver. The authors propose an interactive workshop that can support students' deliberate practice of communication skills. The authors designed a simulation workshop that affords students the opportunity to practice their communication and peer-to-peer coaching skills...
January 21, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559940/interactive-apps-promote-learning-of-basic-mathematics-in-children-with-special-educational-needs-and-disabilities
#19
Nicola J Pitchford, Elizabeth Kamchedzera, Paula J Hubber, Antonie L Chigeda
Interactive apps delivered on touch-screen tablets can be effective at supporting the acquisition of basic skills in mainstream primary school children. This technology may also be beneficial for children with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities (SEND) as it can promote high levels of engagement with the learning task and an inclusive learning environment. However, few studies have measured extent of learning for SEND pupils when using interactive apps, so it has yet to be determined if this technology is effective at raising attainment for these pupils...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558770/let-s-talk-review-of-conversation-intervention-approaches-for-school-aged-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Geralyn R Timler
Conversation skills are an important intervention focus for verbally fluent school-aged children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Three sets of approaches for supporting conversation skills are reviewed. Pragmatic language approaches focus on teaching the verbal and nonverbal skills needed to initiate and maintain conversations including strategies for recognizing and repairing communication breakdowns. Social skill approaches focus on similar conversation behaviors, but these behaviors are usually taught for use within specific social tasks such as entering peer groups, maintaining interactions, and resolving conflicts...
April 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
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