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Peer-assisted learning

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928508/a-perspective-on-physiological-studies-supporting-the-provision-of-scientific-advice-for-the-management-of-fraser-river-sockeye-salmon-oncorhynchus-nerka
#1
REVIEW
David A Patterson, Steven J Cooke, Scott G Hinch, Kendra A Robinson, Nathan Young, Anthony P Farrell, Kristina M Miller
The inability of physiologists to effect change in fisheries management has been the source of frustration for many decades. Close collaboration between fisheries managers and researchers has afforded our interdisciplinary team an unusual opportunity to evaluate the emerging impact that physiology can have in providing relevant and credible scientific advice to assist in management decisions. We categorize the quality of scientific advice given to management into five levels based on the type of scientific activity and resulting advice (notions, observations, descriptions, predictions and prescriptions)...
2016: Conservation Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927938/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-for-children-with-perinatal-stroke-and-hemiparesis
#2
Adam Kirton, Patrick Ciechanski, Ephrem Zewdie, John Andersen, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, Helen Carlson, Lisa Carsolio, Mia Herrero, Jillian Quigley, Aleksandra Mineyko, Jacquie Hodge, Michael Hill
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the addition of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to intensive therapy increases motor function in children with perinatal stroke and hemiparetic cerebral palsy. METHODS: This was a randomized, controlled, double-blind clinical trial. Participants were recruited from a population-based cohort with MRI-classified unilateral perinatal stroke, age of 6 to 18 years, and disabling hemiparesis. All completed a goal-directed, peer-supported, 2-week after-school motor learning camp (32 hours of therapy)...
December 7, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924656/assistive-technology-as-reading-interventions-for-children-with-reading-impairments-with-a-one-year-follow-up
#3
Emma Lindeblad, Staffan Nilsson, Stefan Gustafson, Idor Svensson
PURPOSE: This pilot study investigated the possible transfer effect on reading ability in children with reading difficulties after a systematic intervention to train and compensate for reading deficiencies by using applications in smartphones and tablets. The effects of using assistive technology (AT) one year after the interventions were completely studied. School related motivation, independent learning and family relations were also considered. METHOD: 35 pupils aged 10-12 years participated...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920736/protective-effect-of-self-compassion-to-emotional-response-among-students-with-chronic-academic-stress
#4
Yonghong Zhang, Xi Luo, Xianwei Che, Wenjie Duan
The literature has shown that self-compassion is a protective factor of an individual's emotional response to chronic stress. However, this stress-buffering effect has not been completely analyzed in individuals who report significantly high academic stress. The present study explored the role of self-compassion in a group of undergraduate students who experience chronic academic stress. A total of 208 undergraduate students who were preparing for the Postgraduate Entrance Examination (PEE) were recruited and completed the Self-Compassion Scale, Adolescent Self-Rating Life Event Check List, and Positive and Negative Affect Schedule...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892659/university-students-with-dyslexia-a-qualitative-exploratory-study-of-learning-practices-challenges-and-strategies
#5
Lois MacCullagh, Agnes Bosanquet, Nicholas A Badcock
People with dyslexia are vastly under-represented in universities (Katusic et al., , Richardson & Wydell, ; Stampoltzis & Polychronopoulou, ). This situation is of concern for modern societies that value social justice. This study was designed to explore learning experiences of university students with dyslexia and factors that could contribute to their success. Thirteen students with dyslexia and 20 non-dyslexic peers were interviewed about their university learning experiences using a semi-structured qualitative approach...
November 28, 2016: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886575/an-evaluation-of-the-appropriateness-and-effectiveness-of-structured-reflection-for-midwifery-students-in-ireland
#6
Louise Gallagher, Denise Lawler, Vivienne Brady, Colm OBoyle, Anna Deasy, Kathryn Muldoon
Midwifery students undertaking the undergraduate midwifery education programme in Ireland participate in facilitated reflective sessions that aim to develop their skills of reflecting on and in clinical practice. This paper presents a qualitative evaluation of the appropriateness and effectiveness of the facilitated reflection sessions for pre and post-registration midwifery students in two large Dublin maternity teaching hospitals. The aim was to evaluate structured reflective practice sessions which sought to assist midwifery students to become competent reflective practitioners...
November 14, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834502/support-received-during-the-transition-to-practice-for-the-secondary-school-graduate-assistant-athletic-trainer
#7
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Stacy E Walker, Jessica L Kirby
CONTEXT:  Transitioning into clinical practice can be stressful for the newly credentialed athletic trainer (AT). The support provided by mentors, peers, and athletic training faculty can increase confidence and enhance the transition. To create specific initiatives for a smoother transition, the perspectives of those in the secondary school setting are needed. OBJECTIVE:  To examine the transition to practice and mentorship of newly credentialed ATs providing medical care in the secondary school setting...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802083/enhancing-bereavement-support-skills-using-simulated-neonatal-resuscitation
#8
Elizabeth M Forster, Helen Donovan
Neonatal death is one of the most challenging elements of nursing and midwifery practice and health professionals supporting parents following such a loss often develop their skills in bereavement care through experience and modelling from experienced peers. For student nurses and midwives who have limited exposure to neonatal death during their clinical experiences, developing the skills to support bereaved parents is a priority during their undergraduate education. Clinical simulations can aid student learning in this complex area of clinical practice and assist them to engage effectively in support for bereaved parents...
October 2, 2016: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785120/peer-assisted-learning-a-platform-for-long-term-development-for-both-tutors-and-tutees
#9
Shiraz Jamshaid, Mohammad Farwana, Faisal Jamshaid, Wasim Jamshaid, Reem Farwana, Sharaf Sheik-Ali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734012/empowering-students-in-transition
#10
Ann-Catherine Sullivan
The purpose of this study was to (a) identify potential benefits for students with disabilities taking part in a physical activity program with same-age typical peers on a Midwest university campus and (b) to determine if the program impacted the students with disabilities empowerment. Empowerment theory was used to determine how transition students' attitudes change over the course of the semester while participating in a workout buddy program with same-age college peers. The program was structured to provide a sense of empowerment to students to make their own decisions and learn for themselves so they do not feel a lack of power in their lives...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697959/performance-in-physiology-evaluation-possible-improvement-by-active-learning-strategies
#11
Luís H Montrezor
The evaluation process is complex and extremely important in the teaching/learning process. Evaluations are constantly employed in the classroom to assist students in the learning process and to help teachers improve the teaching process. The use of active methodologies encourages students to participate in the learning process, encourages interaction with their peers, and stimulates thinking about physiological mechanisms. This study examined the performance of medical students on physiology over four semesters with and without active engagement methodologies...
December 2016: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624197/implementing-collaborative-and-peer-assisted-learning
#12
Samantha Sevenhuysen, Terry Haines, Debra Kiegaldie, Elizabeth Molloy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606105/currently-available-tools-and-teaching-strategies-for-the-interprofessional-education-of-students-in-health-professions-literature-review
#13
REVIEW
Nelofar S Khan, Syed I Shahnaz, Kadayam G Gomathi
Interprofessional education (IPE) is designed to provide students from different health sectors with opportunities to work together to enhance future collaboration. The implementation of IPE activities is a current trend in various countries. This review exclusively targets IPE issues involving undergraduate health profession students and highlights various approaches in different regions. A total of 28 articles published in peer-reviewed journals between January 2012 and July 2015 were assessed to determine recent trends in IPE implementation...
August 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586071/a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-promoting-alternative-thinking-strategies-paths-curriculum
#14
Neil Humphrey, Alexandra Barlow, Michael Wigelsworth, Ann Lendrum, Kirsty Pert, Craig Joyce, Emma Stephens, Lawrence Wo, Garry Squires, Kevin Woods, Rachel Calam, Alex Turner
This randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluated the efficacy of the Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies curriculum (PATHS; Kusche & Greenberg, 1994) as a means to improve children's social-emotional competence (assessed via the Social Skills Improvement System (SSIS); Gresham & Elliot, 2008) and mental health outcomes (assessed via the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ); Goodman, 1997). Forty-five schools in Greater Manchester, England, were randomly assigned to treatment and control groups...
October 2016: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579363/practical-clinical-training-in-skills-labs-theory-and-practice
#15
T J Bugaj, C Nikendei
Today, skills laboratories or "skills labs", i.e. specific practical skill training facilities, are a firmly established part of medical education offering the possibility of training clinical procedures in a safe and fault-forging environment prior to real life application at bedside or in the operating room. Skills lab training follows a structured teaching concept, takes place under supervision and in consideration of methodological-didactic concepts, ideally creating an atmosphere that allows the repeated, anxiety- and risk-free practice of targeted skills...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576930/social-challenges-of-visible-scarring-after-severe-burn-a-qualitative-analysis
#16
Lisa Martin, Michelle Byrnes, Sarah McGarry, Suzanne Rea, Fiona Wood
INTRODUCTION: Visible scarring after burn causes social challenges which impact on interpersonal connection. These have health impacts which may worsen outcomes for burn patients and reduce the potential for posttraumatic growth (PTG). AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate adult burn survivors' experiences of interpersonal relationships as potential barriers to posttraumatic recovery following hand or face burns. METHOD: This qualitative study explored patient experiences of interpersonal situations...
August 27, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532793/the-role-of-peer-assisted-learning-in-enhancing-the-learning-of-undergraduate-nursing-students-in-clinical-practice-a-qualitative-systematic-review-protocol
#17
Matthew C Carey, Bridie Kent, Jos M Latour
The objective of this qualitative systematic review is to identify and synthesize the best available evidence on experiences of peer teaching and learning among student nurses in the clinical environment.The specific objectives are.
July 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504547/peer-assisted-learning-who-should-be-the-tutor-fellow-student-or-senior-resident
#18
Shahid Sarwar, Shandana Tarique
OBJECTIVE: To compare student-tutor guided peer-assisted learning (STPAL) and resident-tutor guided peer-assisted learning (RTPAL) for its impact on performance of students in summative assessment. STUDY DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Gujranwala Medical College, from February to September 2015. METHODOLOGY: Four batches each of final year MBBS students were first trained for clinical skills by resident-tutors for 2 weeks and had a pre-test...
July 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445276/peer-assisted-learning-filling-the-gaps-in-basic-science-education-for-preclinical-medical-students
#19
Yezen Sammaraiee, Ravi D Mistry, Julian Lim, Liora Wittner, Shantal Deepak, Gareth Lim
In contrast to peer-assisted learning (PAL) in clinical training, there is scant literature on the efficacy of PAL during basic medical sciences teaching for preclinical students. A group of senior medical students aimed to design and deliver clinically oriented small-group tutorials after every module in the preclinical curriculum at a United Kingdom medical school. Twenty tutorials were delivered by senior students throughout the year to first- and second-year students. A baseline questionnaire was delivered to inform the development of the program followed by an end-point questionnaire the next year (n = 122)...
September 2016: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27415590/peer-assisted-learning-time-for-nomenclature-clarification
#20
Alexander Olaussen, Priya Reddy, Susan Irvine, Brett Williams
BACKGROUND: Peer-assisted learning (PAL) is used throughout all levels of healthcare education. Lack of formalised agreement on different PAL programmes may confuse the literature. Given the increasing interest in PAL as an education philosophy, the terms need clarification. The aim of this review is to 1) describe different PAL programmes, 2) clarify the terminology surrounding PAL, and 3) propose a simple pragmatic way of defining PAL programmes based on their design. METHODS: A review of current PAL programmes within the healthcare setting was conducted...
2016: Medical Education Online
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