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Peer-assisted learning

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928342/reforming-pathology-teaching-in-medical-college-by-peer-assisted-learning-and-student-oriented-interest-building-activities-a-pilot-study
#1
Sumit Grover, Neena Sood, Anurag Chaudhary
BACKGROUND: Peer-assisted learning (PAL) is a teaching-learning method in which students act as peer teachers and help other students to learn while also themselves learning by teaching. PAL through modified interest building activities (MIBAs) is seldom tried in teaching pathology in medical colleges. This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of peer teaching using MIBA, obtain feedback from students, and compare different activities with each other and with traditional teaching-learning methods...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915377/midwives-%C3%A2-experiences-of-caring-for-pregnant-women-admitted-to-ebola-centres-in-sierra-leone
#2
REVIEW
Elin Erland, Bente Dahl
OBJECTIVE: to explore and describe midwives' experiences of caring for pregnant women admitted to Ebola centres in Sierra Leone. DESIGN: a qualitative interview study with an exploratory and descriptive approach. SETTING: individual semi-structured interviews with midwives who provided care for pregnant woman in eight different Ebola centres in Sierra Leone during the Ebola outbreak in 2014-16. PARTICIPANTS: 11 midwives, Sierra Leoneans and expatriates, who worked for three different humanitarian organisations in Sierra Leone during the Ebola outbreak in 2014-2016...
September 1, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901705/peer-assisted-learning-and-small-group-teaching-to-improve-practice-placement-quality-and-capacity-in-dietetics
#3
Dianne P Reidlinger, Judy Lawrence, Jane E Thomas, Kevin Whelan
AIM: Peer-assisted learning (PAL) has been positively evaluated during practice placements for medical, nursing and some allied health professional students. The aim of this study was to evaluate a PAL and small-group teaching model of dietetic practice placement education implemented in the UK setting as part of a quality improvement process. METHODS: A PAL placement model was adapted from a previously published Australian model, implemented and evaluated among dietetic students at King's College London and with their practice educators...
September 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890926/peer-assisted-history-taking-groups-a-subjective-assessment-of-their-impact-upon-medical-students-interview-skills
#4
Katharina Eva Keifenheim, Ernst Richard Petzold, Florian Junne, Rebecca Sarah Erschens, Natalie Speiser, Anne Herrmann-Werner, Stephan Zipfel, Martin Teufel
Background and Objectives: Among the clinical skills needed by all physicians, history taking is one of the most important. The teaching model for peer-assisted history-taking groups investigated in the present study consists of small-group courses in which students practice conducting medical interviews with real patients. The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the expectations, experiences, and subjective learning progress of participants in peer-assisted history-taking groups. Methods: The 42 medical student participants completed a 4-month, peer-assisted, elective history-taking course, which both began and ended with a subjective assessment of their interview skills by way of a pseudonymized questionnaire...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885869/improving-student-engagement-in-veterinary-business-studies
#5
Elizabeth Armitage-Chan, Elizabeth Jackson
In a densely packed veterinary curriculum, students may find it particularly challenging to engage in the less overtly clinical subjects, yet pressure from industry and an increasingly competitive employment market necessitate improved veterinary student education in business and management skills. We describe a curriculum intervention (formative reflective assignment) that optimizes workplace learning opportunities and aims to provide better student scaffolding for their in-context business learning. Students were asked to analyze a business practice they experienced during a period of extra-mural studies (external work placement)...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881069/person-centred-discharge-education-following-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-a-critical-review
#6
Melanie Rushton, Michelle Howarth, Maria J Grant, Felicity Astin
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This critical review examines the extent that individualised education helps reduce depression, anxiety and improves self-care for people who've undergone Coronary Artery Bypass Graft surgery (CABG). BACKGROUND: Individualised discharge planning is increasingly important following cardiac surgery due to recurrent admissions as well as the issue of anxiety and depression, often due to lack of preparation. The hospital to home transition is fundamental in the recovery process...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852888/peer-assisted-social-learning-for-diverse-and-low-income-youth-infusing-mental-health-promotion-into-urban-after-school-programs
#7
Sarah A Helseth, Stacy L Frazier
Community-based after-school programs (ASPs) can promote social competence by infusing evidence-based practice into recreation. Through collaborative partnership, we developed and implemented a peer-assisted social learning (PASL) model to leverage natural opportunities for peer-mediated problem-solving. ASP-Staff (n = 5) led elementary-school youth (n = 30) through 21 activities that partnered socially-skilled and less-skilled children; outcomes were compared to children (n = 31) at another site, via quasi-experimental design...
August 29, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845722/the-pillars-of-well-constructed-simulated-patient-programs-a-qualitative-study-with-experienced-educators
#8
Shane A Pritchard, Felicity C Blackstock, Jennifer L Keating, Debra Nestel
INTRODUCTION: The inclusion of simulated patients (SPs) in health professional education is growing internationally. However, there is limited evidence for best practice in SP methodology. This study investigated how experienced SP educators support SPs in providing SP-based education for health professional students. METHODS: Experienced SP educators were identified via relevant professional associations, peer-reviewed publications, and peer referral. Semi-structured individual interviews were conducted via telephone...
August 28, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780955/a-review-of-peer-assisted-learning-to-deliver-interprofessional-supplementary-image-interpretation-skills
#9
REVIEW
P Bain, A Wareing, I Henderson
BACKGROUND: Peer-assisted learning provides a means through which individuals can learn from one another through a reciprocal process. Radiographic image interpretation skills are fundamental to both diagnostic radiography students and medical students due to their shared role in preliminary evaluation of conventional radiographic images. Medical students on graduation, may not be well prepared to carry out image interpretation, since evidence suggests that they perform less well than radiographers in e...
September 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772064/becoming-a-peer-assisted-learning-pal-tutor
#10
Peter Harrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760684/bericht-aus-der-praxis-practice-report-how-to-successfully-establish-pal-in-medical-education-10-tips-to-succeed-in-pal-based-courses-in-undergraduate-medical-education-ugme
#11
Matthias Hofer, Kathrin Klein, Bastian Malzkorn, Alice Martin, Christian Weigel, Ole Martin
This article aims to provide useful suggestions for the implementation of new courses with peer-assisted learning (PAL) in undergraduate medical education (UGME). It presents 10 key tips for needs assessment, clarification of goals and objectives for internal marketing, the choice of teaching formats, fund raising, recruiting of educators, qualification of peer tutors, the fun factor, how to establish a structured and longitudinal curriculum, assessment methods and motivation, collecting feedback and the use of its results...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722811/barriers-to-palliative-care-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-home-care-a-qualitative-study-of-the-perspective-of-professional-caregivers
#12
Camilla Askov Mousing, Helle Timm, Kirsten Lomborg, Marit Kirkevold
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the experiences with palliative care in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among professional caregivers in a Danish home care setting. BACKGROUND: Many patients with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) depend on professional caregivers in the primary sector to provide assistance and care. However, COPD patients receive no or only very little palliative care compared to patients with cancer although they may have many burdensome symptoms...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715548/interprofessional-peer-assisted-learning-as-a-model-of-instruction-in-doctor-of-audiology-programs
#13
Yula C Serpanos, Deborah Senzer, Daryl M Gordon
Purpose: This study reports on interprofessional peer-assisted learning (PAL) as a model of instruction in the preparation of doctoral audiology students. Method: Ten Doctor of Audiology (AuD) students provided training in audiologic screening for 53 graduate speech-language pathology students in 9 individual PAL sessions. Pre- and post-surveys assessed the peer teaching experience for AuD students in 5 areas of their confidence in audiologic screening: knowledge, skill, making a referral based on outcomes, teaching, and supervising...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713697/safe-implementation-of-retroauricular-robotic-and-endoscopic-neck-surgery-in-south-america
#14
REVIEW
Renan Bezerra Lira, Thiago Celestino Chulam, Luiz Paulo Kowalski
In the last three decades, otolaryngology and head and neck oncological surgery have shown remarkable progress with the development of several modalities of endoscopic-assisted minimally invasive surgeries. More recently, the Da Vinci robotic surgery system has promoted the development of several surgical approaches with less morbidity and better cosmetic results, including the transaxillary and retroauricular approaches for thyroid surgery and neck dissections. In South America, there are several shortcomings regarding financial resources as well as the lack of support for innovation leading to a significant delay in adoption of numerous technological advances in medical practice...
June 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685632/twelve-tips-for-delivering-successful-interprofessional-case-conferences
#15
Bridget C O'Brien, Shalini R Patel, Meg Pearson, Abigail P Eastburn, Gillian E Earnest, Anna Strewler, Krista Gager, Jennifer K Manuel, Maya Dulay, Melissa R Bachhuber, Rebecca Shunk
Interprofessional case conferences (ICCs) offer an interactive, practical way to engage members of two or more health professions in discussions that involve learning and working together to improve patient care. Well-orchestrated ICCs provide opportunities to integrate interprofessional (IP) education into routine clinical practice. The authors provide 12 tips to support the conceptualization, planning, implementation, facilitation, evaluation, and sustainability of ICCs. They draw from extensive experience as IP educators and facilitators of ICCs and from literature on IP education, case-based learning, small-group facilitation, peer-assisted learning, and learner engagement - all of which offer insights into ICCs but have not been integrated and applied to this context...
July 7, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684387/sharing-annotated-audio-recordings-of-clinic-visits-with-patients-development-of-the-open-recording-automated-logging-system-orals-study-protocol
#16
Paul J Barr, Michelle D Dannenberg, Craig H Ganoe, William Haslett, Rebecca Faill, Saeed Hassanpour, Amar Das, Roger Arend, Meredith C Masel, Sheryl Piper, Haley Reicher, James Ryan, Glyn Elwyn
BACKGROUND: Providing patients with recordings of their clinic visits enhances patient and family engagement, yet few organizations routinely offer recordings. Challenges exist for organizations and patients, including data safety and navigating lengthy recordings. A secure system that allows patients to easily navigate recordings may be a solution. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this project is to develop and test an interoperable system to facilitate routine recording, the Open Recording Automated Logging System (ORALS), with the aim of increasing patient and family engagement...
July 6, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651976/observational-learning-during-simulation-based-training-in-arthroscopy-is-it-useful-to-novices
#17
Marie-Eve LeBel, John Haverstock, Sayra Cristancho, Lucia van Eimeren, Gavin Buckingham
OBJECTIVE: Observing experts constitutes an important and common learning experience for surgical residents before operating under direct guidance. However, studies suggest that exclusively observing experts may induce suboptimal motor learning, and watching errors from non-experts performing simple motor tasks may generate better performance. We investigated whether observational learning is transferrable to arthroscopy learning using virtual reality (VR) simulation. SETTING/DESIGN: In our surgical simulation laboratory, we compared students learning basic skills on a VR arthroscopy simulator after watching an expert video demonstration of VR arthroscopy tasks or a non-expert video demonstration of the same tasks to a Control group without video demonstration...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651930/linking-editorial-ankn%C3%A3-pfungseditorial
#18
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648135/peer-mentoring-supports-the-learning-needs-of-nurses-providing-palliative-care-in-a-rural-acute-care-setting
#19
Lyn Rabbetts
BACKGROUND: A specific set of assessment scales can underpin the management of distressing symptoms of patients requiring palliative care. A research assistant supported nurses working in a rural hospital setting during the introduction of these scales. AIM: A secondary analysis was conducted to further explore the qualitative data of a previously reported mixed-method study. In particular, the experiences of nurses working alongside a research assistant in the facilitation of using a new assessment form...
June 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647432/peer-assisted-learning-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-transition-in-developing-countries
#20
I Mohamad, A Salem, T Abu Hejleh, S Wadi-Ramahi, M Qandeel, S El Khatib, W Asha, S Mhied, O Al Saraireh, W Al-Gargaz, H Abdulelah, A Hosni, A Al Mousa
Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) is not widely used in developing countries due to technical challenges and a lack of expertise and resources. We outline head and neck cancer IMRT implementation challenges and highlight how improvised solutions allowed successful IMRT transition in Jordan. This article showcases a 'peer-assisted learning' model, promoting IMRT transition in other developing countries. Unlike the 'top-down' approach, this model is uncommonly addressed in oncology journals. Developing countries could benefit from this article to enhance the adoption of modern radiotherapy technology...
June 21, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
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