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Peer-assisted learning

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722811/barriers-to-palliative-care-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-home-care-a-qualitative-study-of-the-perspective-of-professional-caregivers
#1
Camilla Askov Mousing, Helle Timm, Kirsten Lomborg, Marit Kirkevold
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the experiences with palliative care in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among professional caregivers in a Danish home care setting. BACKGROUND: Many patients with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) depend on professional caregivers in the primary sector to provide assistance and care. However, COPD patients receive no or only very little palliative care compared to patients with cancer although they may have many burdensome symptoms...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715548/interprofessional-peer-assisted-learning-as-a-model-of-instruction-in-doctor-of-audiology-programs
#2
Yula C Serpanos, Deborah Senzer, Daryl M Gordon
Purpose: This study reports on interprofessional peer-assisted learning (PAL) as a model of instruction in the preparation of doctoral audiology students. Method: Ten Doctor of Audiology (AuD) students provided training in audiologic screening for 53 graduate speech-language pathology students in 9 individual PAL sessions. Pre- and post-surveys assessed the peer teaching experience for AuD students in 5 areas of their confidence in audiologic screening: knowledge, skill, making a referral based on outcomes, teaching, and supervising...
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713697/safe-implementation-of-retroauricular-robotic-and-endoscopic-neck-surgery-in-south-america
#3
REVIEW
Renan Bezerra Lira, Thiago Celestino Chulam, Luiz Paulo Kowalski
In the last three decades, otolaryngology and head and neck oncological surgery have shown remarkable progress with the development of several modalities of endoscopic-assisted minimally invasive surgeries. More recently, the Da Vinci robotic surgery system has promoted the development of several surgical approaches with less morbidity and better cosmetic results, including the transaxillary and retroauricular approaches for thyroid surgery and neck dissections. In South America, there are several shortcomings regarding financial resources as well as the lack of support for innovation leading to a significant delay in adoption of numerous technological advances in medical practice...
June 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685632/twelve-tips-for-delivering-successful-interprofessional-case-conferences
#4
Bridget C O'Brien, Shalini R Patel, Meg Pearson, Abigail P Eastburn, Gillian E Earnest, Anna Strewler, Krista Gager, Jennifer K Manuel, Maya Dulay, Melissa R Bachhuber, Rebecca Shunk
Interprofessional case conferences (ICCs) offer an interactive, practical way to engage members of two or more health professions in discussions that involve learning and working together to improve patient care. Well-orchestrated ICCs provide opportunities to integrate interprofessional (IP) education into routine clinical practice. The authors provide 12 tips to support the conceptualization, planning, implementation, facilitation, evaluation, and sustainability of ICCs. They draw from extensive experience as IP educators and facilitators of ICCs and from literature on IP education, case-based learning, small-group facilitation, peer-assisted learning, and learner engagement - all of which offer insights into ICCs but have not been integrated and applied to this context...
July 7, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684387/sharing-annotated-audio-recordings-of-clinic-visits-with-patients-development-of-the-open-recording-automated-logging-system-orals-study-protocol
#5
Paul J Barr, Michelle D Dannenberg, Craig H Ganoe, William Haslett, Rebecca Faill, Saeed Hassanpour, Amar Das, Roger Arend, Meredith C Masel, Sheryl Piper, Haley Reicher, James Ryan, Glyn Elwyn
BACKGROUND: Providing patients with recordings of their clinic visits enhances patient and family engagement, yet few organizations routinely offer recordings. Challenges exist for organizations and patients, including data safety and navigating lengthy recordings. A secure system that allows patients to easily navigate recordings may be a solution. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this project is to develop and test an interoperable system to facilitate routine recording, the Open Recording Automated Logging System (ORALS), with the aim of increasing patient and family engagement...
July 6, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651976/observational-learning-during-simulation-based-training-in-arthroscopy-is-it-useful-to-novices
#6
Marie-Eve LeBel, John Haverstock, Sayra Cristancho, Lucia van Eimeren, Gavin Buckingham
OBJECTIVE: Observing experts constitutes an important and common learning experience for surgical residents before operating under direct guidance. However, studies suggest that exclusively observing experts may induce suboptimal motor learning, and watching errors from non-experts performing simple motor tasks may generate better performance. We investigated whether observational learning is transferrable to arthroscopy learning using virtual reality (VR) simulation. SETTING/DESIGN: In our surgical simulation laboratory, we compared students learning basic skills on a VR arthroscopy simulator after watching an expert video demonstration of VR arthroscopy tasks or a non-expert video demonstration of the same tasks to a Control group without video demonstration...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651930/schwerpunktreihe-special-section-peer-assisted-learning
#7
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648135/peer-mentoring-supports-the-learning-needs-of-nurses-providing-palliative-care-in-a-rural-acute-care-setting
#8
Lyn Rabbetts
BACKGROUND: A specific set of assessment scales can underpin the management of distressing symptoms of patients requiring palliative care. A research assistant supported nurses working in a rural hospital setting during the introduction of these scales. AIM: A secondary analysis was conducted to further explore the qualitative data of a previously reported mixed-method study. In particular, the experiences of nurses working alongside a research assistant in the facilitation of using a new assessment form...
June 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647432/peer-assisted-learning-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-transition-in-developing-countries
#9
I Mohamad, A Salem, T Abu Hejleh, S Wadi-Ramahi, M Qandeel, S El Khatib, W Asha, S Mhied, O Al Saraireh, W Al-Gargaz, H Abdulelah, A Hosni, A Al Mousa
Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) is not widely used in developing countries due to technical challenges and a lack of expertise and resources. We outline head and neck cancer IMRT implementation challenges and highlight how improvised solutions allowed successful IMRT transition in Jordan. This article showcases a 'peer-assisted learning' model, promoting IMRT transition in other developing countries. Unlike the 'top-down' approach, this model is uncommonly addressed in oncology journals. Developing countries could benefit from this article to enhance the adoption of modern radiotherapy technology...
June 21, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612515/the-benefits-of-a-peer-assisted-mock-paces
#10
Sarim Siddiqui, Samee Siddiqui, Qamar Mustafa, Abeer F Rizvi, Ibtesham T Hossain
BACKGROUND: Peer-assisted learning (PAL) and mock examinations have been credited as effective teaching tools; however, there is a lack of research into their effectiveness in PACES (practical assessment of clinical examination skills). This study demonstrates an effective model and the benefits of PAL after its implementation in a mock PACES at Imperial College London. There is a lack of research into the effectiveness of PAL and mock examinations in PACES METHODS: A mock PACES was designed for fifth-year medical students...
June 14, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603465/spinal-cord-as-an-adjunct-to-brain-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-defining-no-evidence-of-disease-activity-in-multiple-sclerosis
#11
Subhash Tummala, Tarun Singhal, Vinit V Oommen, Gloria Kim, Fariha Khalid, Brian C Healy, Rohit Bakshi
Background: Monitoring patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) for “no evidence of disease activity” (NEDA) may help guide disease-modifying therapy (DMT) management decisions. Whereas surveillance brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is common, the role of spinal cord monitoring for NEDA is unknown. Objective: To evaluate the role of brain and spinal cord 3T MRI in the 1-year evaluation of NEDA. Methods: Of 61 study patients (3 clinically isolated syndrome, 56 relapsing-remitting, 2 secondary progressive), 56 (91...
May 2017: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599822/a-large-scale-peer-teaching-programme-acceptance-and-benefit
#12
Elisabeth Schuetz, Barbara Obirei, Daniela Salat, Julia Scholz, Dagmar Hann, Kathrin Dethleffsen
INTRODUCTION: The involvement of students in the embodiment of university teaching through peer-assisted learning formats is commonly applied. Publications on this topic exclusively focus on strictly defined situations within the curriculum and selected target groups. This study, in contrast, presents and evaluates a large-scale structured and quality-assured peer teaching programme, which offers diverse and targeted courses throughout the preclinical part of the medical curriculum. METHODS: The large-scale peer teaching programme consists of subject specific and interdisciplinary tutorials that address all scientific, physiological and anatomic subjects of the preclinical curriculum as well as tutorials with contents exceeding the formal curriculum...
June 6, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590899/the-potential-in-preparing-community-health-workers-to-address-hearing-loss
#13
Daisey Sánchez, Stephanie Adamovich, Maia Ingram, Frances P Harris, Jill de Zapien, Adriana Sánchez, Sonia Colina, Nicole Marrone
BACKGROUND: In underserved areas, it is crucial to investigate ways of increasing access to hearing health care. The community health worker (CHW) is a model that has been applied to increase access in various health arenas. This article proposes further investigation into the application of this model to audiology. PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility of training CHWs about hearing loss as a possible approach to increase accessibility of hearing health support services in an underserved area...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545616/peer-assisted-learning-pal-in-undergraduate-medical-education-an-overview
#14
REVIEW
Anne Herrmann-Werner, Regina Gramer, Rebecca Erschens, Christoph Nikendei, Annette Wosnik, Jan Griewatz, Stephan Zipfel, Florian Junne
Peer-assisted learning (PAL) has a long tradition and is nowadays implemented in the curricula of most medical faculties. Besides traditional areas of application like problem-based learning, anatomy, or CPR, more and more departments and institutes have established PAL as part of their everyday teaching. This narrative review provides some background information and basic definitions of PAL. It offers an overview on features and determinants as well as underlying learning theories and developments in PAL. In addition, motives for implementation are highlighted followed by a comparison of advantages and disadvantages...
April 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538231/informal-peer-assisted-learning-groups-did-not-lead-to-better-performance-of-saudi-dental-students
#15
Maha AbdelSalam, Maha El Tantawi, Asim Al-Ansari, Adel AlAgl, Fahad Al-Harbi
OBJECTIVES: To describe peer-assisted learning (PAL) groups formed by dental undergraduate students in a biomedical course and investigate the association of individual and group characteristics with academic performance. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In 2015, 92 4th yr. students (males: 43; females: 49) in the College of Dentistry, University of Dammam, Saudi Arabia were invited to form PAL groups to study a unit in a biomedical course. An examination was used to assess their knowledge after two weeks...
May 23, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503310/individual-capacity-building-approaches-in-a-global-pharmaceutical-systems-strengthening-program-a-selected-review
#16
Niranjan Konduri, Megan Rauscher, Shiou-Chu Judy Wang, Tanya Malpica-Llanos
BACKGROUND: Medicines use related challenges such as inadequate adherence, high levels of antimicrobial resistance and preventable adverse drug reactions have underscored the need to incorporate pharmaceutical services to help achieve desired treatment outcomes, and protect patients from inappropriate use of medicines. This situation is further constrained by insufficient numbers of pharmaceutical personnel and inappropriate skill mix. Studies have addressed individual capacity building approaches of logistics, supply chain or disease specific interventions but few have documented those involving such pharmacy assistants/professionals, or health workers/professionals charged with improving access and provision of pharmaceutical services...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498004/a-sequential-implementation-model-for-workforce-development-a-case-study-of-medical-residency-training-for-substance-use-concerns
#17
Patricia S O'Sullivan, Patrick Yuan, Derek D Satre, Maria Wamsley, Jason Satterfield
PROBLEM: In graduate medical education, residency programs are often educationally isolated from each other, with varying needs and patient populations, so strategies are needed when attempting to implement training in evidence-based practices across multiple residencies. INTERVENTION: Using implementation science as a guide, we adapted a community development model to sequentially implement an evidence-based intervention, Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) for alcohol and drug use problems, across internal medicine, pediatrics, emergency medicine, psychiatry, and obstetrics and gynecology residency programs...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498003/a-novel-approach-to-assessing-professionalism-in-preclinical-medical-students-using-multisource-feedback-through-paired-self-and-peer-evaluations
#18
Amanda R Emke, Steven Cheng, Ling Chen, Dajun Tian, Carolyn Dufault
Phenomenon: Professionalism is integral to the role of the physician. Most professionalism assessments in medical training are delayed until clinical rotations where multisource feedback is available. This leaves a gap in student assessment portfolios and potentially delays professional development. APPROACH: A total of 246 second-year medical students (2013-2015) completed self- and peer assessments of professional behaviors in 2 courses following a series of Team-Based Learning exercises...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493466/-it-s-fast-it-s-quick-it-stops-me-being-sick-how-to-influence-preparation-of-opioid-tablets-for-injection
#19
Lise Lafferty, Carla Treloar, Nick van Breda, Maureen Steele, Sarah Hiley, Ian Flaherty, Allison Salmon
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Injection of pharmaceutical opioids (PO) among people who inject drugs has increased in many countries. The common method for preparing PO tablets for injection uses heat, resulting in greater particulate matter and therefore increased risk of local infection risk and damage to veins and organs. A cold preparation process has fewer risks, but this preparation method is not commonly used. This study seeks to explore how people who inject PO learn to prepare injections and how health promotion efforts could influence practice...
May 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474960/getting-started-with-peer-assisted-learning-in-a-veterinary-curriculum
#20
Catriona E Bell, Susan M Rhind, Nigel H Stansbie, Neil P H Hudson
Peer-Assisted Learning (PAL) methodologies that involve students teaching other students have been shown to be valid and effective in a variety of disciplines, and are gaining increasing interest within veterinary medical education. PAL has been formally embedded within the undergraduate veterinary clinical skills curriculum at the Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies (R(D)SVS), Edinburgh since 2009 (and informally for several years before this), and has been delivered successfully to over one thousand first-year tutees by over one thousand fourth-year tutors (in their penultimate clinical year)...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
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