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Peer-assisted learning

Ann-Catherine Sullivan
The purpose of this study was to (a) identify potential benefits for students with disabilities taking part in a physical activity program with same-age typical peers on a Midwest university campus and (b) to determine if the program impacted the students with disabilities empowerment. Empowerment theory was used to determine how transition students' attitudes change over the course of the semester while participating in a workout buddy program with same-age college peers. The program was structured to provide a sense of empowerment to students to make their own decisions and learn for themselves so they do not feel a lack of power in their lives...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Luís H Montrezor
The evaluation process is complex and extremely important in the teaching/learning process. Evaluations are constantly employed in the classroom to assist students in the learning process and to help teachers improve the teaching process. The use of active methodologies encourages students to participate in the learning process, encourages interaction with their peers, and stimulates thinking about physiological mechanisms. This study examined the performance of medical students on physiology over four semesters with and without active engagement methodologies...
December 2016: Advances in Physiology Education
Samantha Sevenhuysen, Terry Haines, Debra Kiegaldie, Elizabeth Molloy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Clinical Teacher
Nelofar S Khan, Syed I Shahnaz, Kadayam G Gomathi
Interprofessional education (IPE) is designed to provide students from different health sectors with opportunities to work together to enhance future collaboration. The implementation of IPE activities is a current trend in various countries. This review exclusively targets IPE issues involving undergraduate health profession students and highlights various approaches in different regions. A total of 28 articles published in peer-reviewed journals between January 2012 and July 2015 were assessed to determine recent trends in IPE implementation...
August 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
Neil Humphrey, Alexandra Barlow, Michael Wigelsworth, Ann Lendrum, Kirsty Pert, Craig Joyce, Emma Stephens, Lawrence Wo, Garry Squires, Kevin Woods, Rachel Calam, Alex Turner
This randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluated the efficacy of the Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies curriculum (PATHS; Kusche & Greenberg, 1994) as a means to improve children's social-emotional competence (assessed via the Social Skills Improvement System (SSIS); Gresham & Elliot, 2008) and mental health outcomes (assessed via the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ); Goodman, 1997). Forty-five schools in Greater Manchester, England, were randomly assigned to treatment and control groups...
October 2016: Journal of School Psychology
T J Bugaj, C Nikendei
Today, skills laboratories or "skills labs", i.e. specific practical skill training facilities, are a firmly established part of medical education offering the possibility of training clinical procedures in a safe and fault-forging environment prior to real life application at bedside or in the operating room. Skills lab training follows a structured teaching concept, takes place under supervision and in consideration of methodological-didactic concepts, ideally creating an atmosphere that allows the repeated, anxiety- and risk-free practice of targeted skills...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Lisa Martin, Michelle Byrnes, Sarah McGarry, Suzanne Rea, Fiona Wood
INTRODUCTION: Visible scarring after burn causes social challenges which impact on interpersonal connection. These have health impacts which may worsen outcomes for burn patients and reduce the potential for posttraumatic growth (PTG). AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate adult burn survivors' experiences of interpersonal relationships as potential barriers to posttraumatic recovery following hand or face burns. METHOD: This qualitative study explored patient experiences of interpersonal situations...
August 27, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Matthew C Carey, Bridie Kent, Jos M Latour
The objective of this qualitative systematic review is to identify and synthesize the best available evidence on experiences of peer teaching and learning among student nurses in the clinical environment.The specific objectives are.
July 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Shahid Sarwar, Shandana Tarique
OBJECTIVE: To compare student-tutor guided peer-assisted learning (STPAL) and resident-tutor guided peer-assisted learning (RTPAL) for its impact on performance of students in summative assessment. STUDY DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Gujranwala Medical College, from February to September 2015. METHODOLOGY: Four batches each of final year MBBS students were first trained for clinical skills by resident-tutors for 2 weeks and had a pre-test...
July 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Yezen Sammaraiee, Ravi D Mistry, Julian Lim, Liora Wittner, Shantal Deepak, Gareth Lim
In contrast to peer-assisted learning (PAL) in clinical training, there is scant literature on the efficacy of PAL during basic medical sciences teaching for preclinical students. A group of senior medical students aimed to design and deliver clinically oriented small-group tutorials after every module in the preclinical curriculum at a United Kingdom medical school. Twenty tutorials were delivered by senior students throughout the year to first- and second-year students. A baseline questionnaire was delivered to inform the development of the program followed by an end-point questionnaire the next year (n = 122)...
September 2016: Advances in Physiology Education
Alexander Olaussen, Priya Reddy, Susan Irvine, Brett Williams
BACKGROUND: Peer-assisted learning (PAL) is used throughout all levels of healthcare education. Lack of formalised agreement on different PAL programmes may confuse the literature. Given the increasing interest in PAL as an education philosophy, the terms need clarification. The aim of this review is to 1) describe different PAL programmes, 2) clarify the terminology surrounding PAL, and 3) propose a simple pragmatic way of defining PAL programmes based on their design. METHODS: A review of current PAL programmes within the healthcare setting was conducted...
2016: Medical Education Online
Lucy S W Bates, Sheena Warman, Zoe Pither, Sarah Baillie
Based on an idea from a final-year student, Bristol Veterinary School introduced vetPAL, a student-led, peer-assisted learning program. The program involved fifth-year (final-year) students acting as tutors and leading sessions for fourth-year students (tutees) in clinical skills and revision (review) topics. The initiative aimed to supplement student learning while also providing tutors with opportunities to further develop a range of skills. All tutors received training and the program was evaluated using questionnaires collected from tutees and tutors after each session...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Jonathan Dickerson, Katie Paul, Pierre Vila, Rebecca Whiticar
BACKGROUND: Bedside ultrasonography has an increasing role in medicine yet medical students have limited exposure. Although countless hours are devoted to plain radiograph and electrocardiogram (ECG) interpretation, ultrasound is frequently glossed over. Yet this imaging modality could enhance students' understanding of anatomy, physiology and pathology, and may increase their integration into hospital teams. We aimed to investigate whether a peer-assisted ultrasound course has a place within the undergraduate medical curriculum...
June 27, 2016: Clinical Teacher
Debra Palesy
How home healthcare aides (HHAs) adapt their classroom training to their workplaces is central to their own safety and that of their care recipients. A qualitative approach was adopted for this inquiry, where new workers were interviewed in-depth following their classroom training. Findings suggest a perceived lack of supervisor support for classroom training and lack of follow-up in the workplace. Moreover, the need for more peer support was contended, and more comprehensive written materials in clients' homes may also assist workers' learning and enacting safe manual handling techniques in the workplace...
July 2016: Home Healthcare Now
N A Duce, L Gillett, J Descallar, M T Tran, S C M Siu, A Chuan
BACKGROUND: The knowledge on the type and influence of visuospatial ability on sonography performance relevant for ultrasound-guided regional anaesthesia remains incomplete. The aim of this study was to determine whether four different factors of visuospatial ability are important in determining proficiency and procedure time of novices performing brachial plexus sonography. These factors were spatial visualisation, flexibility of closure, spatial relations and speed of closure. METHODS: Thirty-three ultrasound novices were recruited in this prospective, observational trial...
September 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Kathrin Reichel, Stefan Dietsche, Henrike Hölzer, Michael Ewers
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The delivery of needs-based health care services requires a team-based and collaborative approach of different health professionals, which is not yet sufficienctliy implemented on a day to day basis. Interprofessional learning activities aim to respond to this in future. The cross-university pilot project interTUT used peer-assisted learning approaches and extracurricular tutorials in order address this issue. METHODOLOGY: During the pilot phase, eight students and trainees have been acquired...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Brett Williams, Priya Reddy
OBJECTIVES: Due to the diverse and ever-changing nature of the healthcare industry, teaching pedagogies such as peer-assisted learning (PAL) are being implemented to align with external competency standards. A scoping review was conducted in order to map the breadth of literature available on PAL and its impact on student performance. METHOD: This review used Arksey and O'Malley's six stage scoping methodology. The databases searched included: Cinahl, Ovid Medline, Proquest and Embase as well as grey literature sites and dissertations...
July 2016: Nurse Education Today
Kristen A Sethares, Nancy S Morris
BACKGROUND: Peer review is an expectation of PhD-prepared nurses but a lack of evidence in the best methods to train students is of concern. METHOD: Guided by the ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation) model, faculty at two universities developed, implemented, and evaluated a peer review assignment for 22 second-year PhD nursing students. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected and analyzed using descriptive statistics and content analysis...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
O Dada, O Odukoya, K Okuyemi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The prevalence of alcohol use has increased globally. Out-of-school youth are a vulnerable group who might have missed opportunities for learning healthy behaviours in a formal school environment. The purpose of this study was to determine the risk perception, pattern of use, and correlates of alcohol use among out-of-school youth in Lagos, Nigeria. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 380 out-of-school youth in motor parks in Lagos State, Nigeria, using interviewer administered questionnaires...
March 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
Carol E Smith, Ubolrat Piamjariyakul, Marilyn Werkowitch, Donna Macan Yadrich, Noreen Thompson, Dedrick Hooper, Eve-Lynn Nelson
This article describes a method to translate an evidence based health care intervention to the mobile environment. This translation assisted patient participants to: avoid life threatening infections; monitor emotions and fatigue; keep involved in healthy activities. The mobile technology also decreased costs by reducing for example travel to visit health care providers. Testing of this translation method and its use by comparison groups of patients adds to the knowledge base for assessing technology for its impact on health outcome measures...
March 2016: International Journal of Sensor Networks and Data Communications
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