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Flexor tendon tendonitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730331/-early-functional-passive-mobilization-of-flexor-tendon-injuries-of-the-hand-zone%C3%A2-2-exercise-with-an-exoskeleton-compared-to-physical-therapy
#1
Joachim Gülke, Martin Mentzel, Gert Krischak, David Gulkin, Daniel Dornacher, Nikolaus Wachter
BACKGROUND: These days there are different types of aftercare following flexor tendon injury. Patients in this study received a dynamic Kleinert protocol and additionally two different postoperative treatments. Both treatment groups were compared to each other and results were put into perspective when compared to other treatment options. METHODS: Sixty-two patients presenting with clean lesions of the two flexor tendons in zone 2 received postoperative treatment with a dynamic Kleinert protocol...
July 20, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728940/silicone-infusion-tubing-instead-of-hunter-rods-for-two-stage-zone%C3%A2-2-flexor-tendon-reconstruction-in-a-resource-limited-surgical-environment
#2
K Kibadi, F Moutet
The authors describe their experience using silicone infusion tubing in place of Hunter rods for two-stage zone 2 flexor tendon reconstruction in a resource-limited surgical environment. This case report features a 47-year-old, right-handed man who had no active PIP and DIP joint flexion in four fingers of the right hand 5 months after an injury. During the first repair stage, the A2 and A4 pulleys were reconstructed using an extensor retinaculum graft. An infusion tube was inserted instead of Hunter rods...
July 17, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727585/closed-continuous-irrigation-with-lidocaine-and-immediate-mobilization-for-treatment-of-pyogenic-tenosynovitis
#3
Rebecca Knackstedt, Joyce Tyler, Steven Bernard
Pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis treatment consists of either closed continuous irrigation with sterile saline or antibiotic solution, or open debridement and irrigation. These treatment approaches serve to resolve the infection, but are extremely painful and residual stiffness can be devastating to the patient. We describe herein our approach to managing pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis. To provide continuous irrigation, a butterfly catheter with needle removed is utilized with irrigation holes cut into the tubing...
July 19, 2017: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725509/saving-tendons-on-distal-radius-fractures-a-simple-surgical-pearl-to-prevent-fpl-tendon-conflict-with-volar-locking-plates
#4
Gustavo Mantovani Ruggiero
Injury to the flexor pollicis longus (FPL) tendon is one of the most frequent complications when fixing distal radius fractures with the volar locking plates. The author proposed a simple surgical technique providing a reliable soft tissue protection to prevent friction on the FPL with the volar locking plate, using a flap of the FCR sheath sutured to attachments of the volar capsule on the lunate buttress facet of the distal radius.
August 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725499/the-effect-of-metacarpophalangeal-joint-hyperextension-on-outcomes-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-carpometacarpal-joint-arthritis
#5
David M Brogan, Rose M van Hogezand, Nikola Babovic, Brian Carlsen, Sanjeev Kakar
Purpose  In the surgical treatment of thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) joint arthritis, the effect of mild preoperative metacarpophalangeal (MCP) hyperextension on postoperative functional outcomes is unknown. We sought to examine outcomes after surgical treatment of CMC arthritis in patients with and without mild preexisting MCP deformity. Methods  A retrospective review was conducted to analyze the functional outcomes of patients treated for CMC arthritis at a single institution from March 1998 to May 2009...
August 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725496/volar-distal-radius-anatomy-applied-to-the-treatment-of-distal-radius-fracture
#6
Junya Imatani, Keiichi Akita
Volar locking plate (VLP) fixation has become the standard surgical treatment for distal radius fractures. However, flexor tendon rupture is one of the major complications following volar plating. This detailed review on the anatomy and morphology of the volar distal radius might facilitate appropriate placement of the volar plate and thereby avoid flexor tendon rupture. We introduce safe and secure VLP fixation along standard surgical procedures to avoid complications based on anatomy of the volar surface of the distal radius...
August 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725123/polymicrobial-pyogenic-flexor-tenosynovitis-of-the-index-finger-and-first-ray-resulting-from-autophagia
#7
Andrew P Harris, Joey Johnson, Augusta Kluk, Neill Y Li, Avi D Goodman, Edward Akelman
Pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis (PFT) is a well known infectious condition of the hand, involving the inoculation of the flexor tendon sheath with microorganisms. Many cases have been reported, common causes including direct inoculation by a puncture wound and deep lacerations extending into the flexor tendon sheath. In this report, we present a case of a 50 year old female with PFT resulting from autophagia (consuming one's own body parts, in our case, fingers) successfully treated with irrigation and debridement, amputation of the index finger at the metacarpophalangeal joint and antibiotic therapy...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720008/a-cadaveric-study-of-the-thread-trigger-finger-release-the-first-annular-pulley-transection-through-thread-transecting-technique
#8
Danqing Guo, Danzhu Guo, Joseph Guo, Logan C McCool, Brionn Tonkin
BACKGROUND: After the thread transecting technique was successfully applied for the thread carpal tunnel release, we researched using the same technique in the thread trigger finger release (TTFR). This study was designed to test the operational feasibility of the TTFR on cadavers and verify the limits of division on the first annular (A1) pulley to ensure a complete trigger finger release with minimal iatrogenic injuries. METHODS: The procedure of TTFR was performed on 14 fingers and 4 thumbs of 4 unembalmed cadaveric hands...
March 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720000/differentiation-between-pyogenic-flexor-tenosynovitis-and-other-finger-infections
#9
Colin D Kennedy, Alexander S Lauder, Jonathan R Pribaz, Stephen A Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Hospital transfer decisions regarding pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis (PFT) are made difficult by emergency department presentations similar to other finger infections, with pain, redness, and functional limitation. Our objectives were to: (1) determine diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of Kanavel signs; and (2) identify existing factors most predictive of PFT during initial presentation. METHODS: Adult patients who underwent surgical consultation for concern of PFT over a 5-year period were identified retrospectively...
February 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718311/a-biomechanical-study-of-a-novel-asymmetric-6-strand-flexor-tendon-repair-using-porcine-tendons
#10
Yoke Rung Wong, Shian Chao Tay
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the biomechanical performance of a novel asymmetric 6-strand flexor tendon repair technique without locking loops. METHODS: Twenty porcine flexor tendons were equally repaired by using the asymmetric technique and compared with the modified Lim-Tsai repair technique. The ultimate tensile strength, load to 1-mm gap force, stiffness, and mechanism of failure were measured. RESULTS: The asymmetric repair technique had significantly higher tensile strength (63...
January 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717622/semitendinosus-muscle-architecture-during-maximum-isometric-contractions-in-individuals-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-and-controls
#11
Evagelos Karagiannidis, Eleftherios Kellis, Nikiforos Galanis, Baltzopoulos Vasilios
BACKGROUND: The most widely used graft as a replacement in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is the semitendinosus (ST) tendon graft. After harvesting for ACL reconstruction, the hamstring tendon regenerates in most people and becomes similar to normal. The effect of graft harvest on muscle morphology and function remains unclear. The present study aimed to examine the morphology of the ST during isometric contraction after harvesting the ST tendon for ACL reconstruction...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709917/what-triggers-in-trigger-finger-the-flexor-tendons-at-the-flexor-digitorum-superficialis-bifurcation
#12
X L Chuang, C C Ooi, S T Chin, M A Png, S K Wong, S C Tay, D A McGrouther
To define the role of the flexor tendons in trigger finger, a high-resolution ultrasound examination was performed in 20 trigger fingers and 20 normal contralateral digits in three digital postures: full extension, mid-flexion and near-full flexion. Precise measurements of diameter and cross-sectional area of the combined tendon mass were recorded at five clearly defined locations: summit of the metacarpal head, proximal lip of the proximal phalanx (PP) and at 1/8, 1/4 and 1/2 length of the PP. In the normal tendons, there was an anatomical thickening, not previously appreciated at 1/4 length PP, in the region of the FDS bifurcation...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709791/molecular-biology-of-flexor-tendon-healing-in-relation-to-reduction-of-tendon-adhesions
#13
REVIEW
Anais Legrand, Yoav Kaufman, Chao Long, Paige M Fox
Tendon injuries are encountered after major and minor hand trauma. Despite meticulous repair technique, adhesion formation can occur, limiting recovery. Although a great deal of progress has been made toward understanding the mechanism of tendon healing and adhesions, clinically applicable solutions to prevent adhesions remain elusive. The goal of this paper is to review the most recent literature relating to the tendon healing and adhesion prevention.
July 11, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702884/decellularization-of-large-tendon-specimens-combination-of-manually-performed-freeze-thaw-cycles-and-detergent-treatment
#14
Susanne Pauline Roth, Ina Erbe, Janina Burk
Reliable decellularization techniques applicable to tendon tissue play a critical role in the field of current tissue engineering. Particularly, an application as three-dimensional culture model for in vitro research and translational approaches to establish graft-based tendon repair as a routine clinical tool represent two main application fields for decellularized tendon scaffolds. Considering methodological issues of tendon decellularization, one of the major challenges lies in the preservation of the tendon-specific extracellular matrix (ECM) architecture to reflect natural tissue characteristic as best as possible...
July 13, 2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702391/comparative-evaluation-of-the-results-of-three-techniques-in-the-reconstruction-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-with-a-minimum-follow-up-of-two-years
#15
Ricardo de Paula Leite Cury, Jan Willem Cerf Sprey, André Luiz Lima Bragatto, Marcelo Valentim Mansano, Herman Fabian Moscovici, Luiz Gabriel Betoni Guglielmetti
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical results of the reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament by transtibial, transportal, and outside-in techniques. METHODS: This was a retrospective study on 90 patients (ACL reconstruction with autologous flexor tendons) operated between August 2009 and June 2012, by the medial transportal (30), transtibial (30), and "outside-in" (30) techniques. The following parameters were assessed: objective and subjective IKDC, Lysholm, KT1000, Lachman test, Pivot-Shift and anterior drawer test...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698915/surgical-treatment-of-stage-ii-posterior-tibialis-tendon-dysfunction-ten-year-clinical-and-radiographic-results
#16
Alberto Ruffilli, Francesco Traina, Sandro Giannini, Roberto Buda, Fabrizio Perna, Cesare Faldini
INTRODUCTION: Grade II chronic tibialis posterior tendon dysfunction (PTTD) poses a reconstructive challenge to the orthopaedic surgeon. Aim of this retrospective study is to report the clinical and radiographical results of a case series of 63 patients (102 ft) affected by grade II PTTD who underwent tailored surgical treatment at 10-year mean follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-three patients (102 ft) were available for clinical and radiological evaluation and were retrospectively reviewed at a mean follow-up of 125...
July 11, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697880/comparison-of-autologous-bone-marrow-and-adipose-tissue-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-platelet-rich-plasma-for-treating-surgically-induced-lesions-of-the-equine-superficial-digital-flexor-tendon
#17
A Romero, L Barrachina, B Ranera, A R Remacha, B Moreno, I de Blas, A Sanz, F J Vázquez, A Vitoria, C Junquera, P Zaragoza, C Rodellar
Several therapies have been investigated for equine tendinopathies, but satisfactory long term results have not been achieved consistently and a better understanding of the healing mechanism elicited by regenerative therapies is needed. The aim of this study was to assess the separate effects of autologous bone marrow (BM) and adipose tissue (AT) derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), and platelet rich plasma (PRP), for treating lesions induced in the superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) of horses. Lesions were created surgically in both SDFTs of the forelimbs of 12 horses and were treated with BM-MSCs (six tendons), AT-MSCs (six tendons) or PRP (six tendons)...
June 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697088/intraarticular-distal-radius-fracture-open-reduction-internal-fixation
#18
Jason A Nydick, Benjamin D Streufert, Jeffrey D Stone
PURPOSE: Intraarticular distal radius fractures are often treated with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) through a volar approach. This common approach, however, is technically demanding to restore the articular surface of the radiocarpal joint while respecting soft tissue integrity. The purpose of this video is to demonstrate the surgical technique of volar plate fixation of an intraarticular distal radius fracture. METHODS: A 32-year-old patient who sustained multiple injuries including an intraarticular distal radius fracture was treated with ORIF by a volar approach...
August 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694076/traumatic-avulsion-of-the-flexor-digitorum-profundus-tendon-jersey-finger-a-29-cases-report
#19
C Tempelaere, M Brun, L Doursounian, J-M Feron
Traumatic avulsion of flexor digitorum profundus (jersey finger) is an uncommon injury. Our study aimed to describe functional outcomes of jersey fingers after surgical treatment. From January 2004 to 2014, we performed surgery on 32 patients who had jersey finger. Twenty-six of these patients were male and 6 were female with a mean age of 37.2years (range 16-68). Of the 32 cases, 11 were sports injuries, 16 presented on the ring finger and 13 on the little finger. Using the Leddy and Packer and Smith classifications, 16 of the injuries were type I, 4 were type II, 5 were type III, 7 were type IV...
July 7, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693535/alfredson-versus-silbernagel-exercise-therapy-in-chronic-midportion-achilles-tendinopathy-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Bas Habets, Robert E H van Cingel, Frank J G Backx, Bionka M A Huisstede
BACKGROUND: Midportion Achilles tendinopathy (AT) is a common overuse injury, usually requiring several months of rehabilitation. Exercise therapy of the ankle plantar flexors (i.e. tendon loading) is considered crucial during conservative rehabilitation. Alfredson's isolated eccentric and Silbernagel's combined concentric-eccentric exercise programs have both shown beneficial results, but it is unknown whether any of these programs is superior for use in clinical practice. Therefore, the primary objective of this study is to compare the effectiveness of both programs on clinical symptoms...
July 11, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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