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Ultrasound And Critical Care

Hongsheng Ren, Bo Song, Pengcheng Li, Cheng Huan, Yufeng Chu, Min Ding, Yuping Wang, Qingchun Yao, Peng Wang, Guoqiang Qi, Chunting Wang
Background: We explored the effects of high-volume hemofiltration(HVHF) by different ultrasound directing on the plasma N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide(NT-Pro-BNP), extra vascular lung water index (EVLWI), liquid net balance quantity and prognosis in patients with septic shock. Methods: Overall, 107 intensive patients with septic shock were enrolled by retrospective analysis from Department of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of the Shandong Provincial Hospital affiliated to Shandong University from 2014-2017...
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Jie Hu, Yang Peng, Tongzhang Zheng, Bin Zhang, Wenyu Liu, Chuansha Wu, Minmin Jiang, Joseph M Braun, Simin Liu, Stephen L Buka, Aifen Zhou, John Pierce Wise, Yiming Zhang, Yangqian Jiang, Chen Hu, Xiaomei Chen, Zheng Huang, Dan Zheng, Kunchong Shi, Xichi Zhang, Ashley Truong, Zhengmin Qian, Wei Xia, Yuanyuan Li, Shunqing Xu
BACKGROUND: Identification of windows of heightened vulnerability to environmental factors has substantial public health implications. Prenatal exposure to vanadium has been linked to adverse birth outcomes; however, critical windows for such exposure during fetal growth remain unknown. We aimed to assess trimester-specific associations of vanadium exposure with ultrasound measures of fetal growth and birth size in a Chinese longitudinal cohort. METHODS: The present study was embedded in our ongoing prospective prenatal cohort study at the Wuhan Women and Children Medical Care Center (Wuhan, Hubei, China)...
October 2018: Lancet. Planetary Health
John Ibrahim, Imran Mir, Lina Chalak
The aim is to review the evidence about the utility of term-equivalent age (TEA) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in predicting neurodevelopmental outcomes for preterm neonates. Preterm birth accounts for ~12% of all deliveries in the United States and is the leading cause of neurologic disabilities in children. From the neonatologist perspective, it is critically important to identify preterm infants at risk of subsequent neurodevelopmental disability who may benefit from early intervention services. However "the choose wisely campaign" also emphasizes the need to have ongoing cost/benefit discussions regarding care of preterm newborns to avoid waste that comes from subjecting infants to procedures that do not help...
October 12, 2018: Pediatric Research
Agneta Wikman, Elisabeth Jalkesten, Gunilla Ajne, Petter Höglund, Anette Mörtberg, Eleonor Tiblad
BACKGROUND: The optimal strategy to monitor RhD-immunized pregnancies is not evident. Whether a quantitative analysis of anti-D antibodies adds valuable information to anti-D titre is unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relevance of anti-D quantification in routine monitoring of RhD-immunized pregnancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective study, 64 consecutive pregnancies in 61 immunized women with anti-D titre ≥128 at any time during pregnancy were included...
October 11, 2018: Vox Sanguinis
Maddalena De Bernardo, Nicola Rosa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: BioMed Research International
Linda C Kelahan, Terry S Desser, Megan L Troxell, Aya Kamaya
Ultrasound assessment of the kidneys in patients with renal impairment has been described in various ways in the critical care, nephrology, and radiology literature, resulting in a somewhat heterogeneous picture of the gray-scale and Doppler ultrasound manifestation of acute kidney injury (AKI). Given that ultrasound assessment can potentially identify reversible causes of AKI or identify underlying chronic kidney disease, it is important for radiologists to be aware of the common etiologies of AKI and the spectrum of ultrasound findings...
October 8, 2018: Ultrasound Quarterly
Mathew Nelson, David Reens, Allison Cohen
BACKGROUND: Currently, the role of ultrasound in diagnosing superficial abscesses is well validated, however, its role for deep space infections and intramuscular pathology is limited. Distinguishing between simple cellulitis and abscess is critical for emergency physicians (EP), as the treatment is very different. Management of cellulitis relies on antibiotic therapy, whereas abscess treatment requires incision and drainage. It is important that EPs can accurately distinguish between the two entities...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jesper Weile, Jacob Brix, Anders Broens Moellekaer
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care ultrasound (PoCUS) is spreading throughout Emergency Medicine, Critical Care and Pre-hospital Care. However, there is an underlying inherited conflict with the established specialties performing comprehensive examinations. It has been stated that PoCUS is disruptive innovation. If this is true the definition might open up for a new perspective on differentiating comprehensive ultrasound from PoCUS. PoCUS in the light of disruptive innovation is a different perspective on ultrasound that has not before been academically scrutinized...
October 1, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
Pablo Blanco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Emily K Wright, Nik S Ding, Ola Niewiadomski
Australia has one of the highest incidence rates of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in the world. Early diagnosis and treatment for IBD is critical. For Crohn disease, in particular, this may change the natural history of disease and reduce disability. Faecal calprotectin is a sensitive test that can be used by primary care physicians to assist in determining which patients with gastrointestinal symptoms may have IBD. This allows for prompt identification of patients who may benefit from endoscopy. Regular re-evaluation of disease status with strategies that can safely, readily and reliably detect the presence of inflammation with faecal biomarkers and imaging is important...
September 1, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
Leeya F Pinder, Ronda Henry-Tillman, David Linyama, Victor Kusweje, Jean-Baptiste Nzayisenga, Aaron Shibemba, Vikrant Sahasrabuddhe, Kennedy Lishimpi, Mulindi Mwanahamuntu, Michael Hicks, Groesbeck P Parham
PURPOSE: In 2005, the Cervical Cancer Prevention Program in Zambia (CCPPZ) was implemented and has since provided cervical cancer screen-and-treat services to more than 500,000 women. By leveraging the successes and experiences of the CCPPZ, we intended to build capacity for the early detection and surgical treatment of breast cancer. METHODS: Our initiative sought to build capacity for breast cancer care through the (1) formation of a breast cancer advocacy alliance to raise awareness, (2) creation of resource-appropriate breast cancer care training curricula for mid- and high-level providers, and (3) implementation of early detection and treatment capacity within two major health care facilities...
September 2018: Journal of Global Oncology
Michael Wagner, Kirstin Hauser, Francesco Cardona, Georg M Schmölzer, Angelika Berger, Monika Olischar, Tobias Werther
OBJECTIVES: Critically ill neonatal and pediatric patients often require central vascular access. Real-time ultrasound guidance for central venous catheterization is beneficial. Because the diameter of central veins is much smaller in neonates than in adults, extensive training is needed to master the visualization and catheterization of central veins in neonates. This study assessed the learning effect of a standardized simulation-based teaching program on ultrasound-guided cannulation in a low-cost cadaver tissue model...
September 18, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Jeffrey D Peterson
Fluorescence molecular imaging (MI) is an important concept in preclinical research that focuses on the visualization of cellular and biological function in a non-invasive fashion to better understand in vivo disease processes and treatment effects. MI differs fundamentally from traditional preclinical imaging strategies in that it generally relies on reporter probes specific for particular targets or pathways that can be used to reveal biological changes in situ, at the site(s) of disease. In contrast, the more established imaging modalities, like magnetic resonance imaging, X-ray, micro X-ray computed tomography, and ultrasound, historically have relied primarily on late-stage anatomical or physiologic changes...
September 14, 2018: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
Barry Belmont, Ross Kessler, Nikhil Theyyunni, Christopher Fung, Robert Huang, Michael Cover, Kevin R Ward, Albert J Shih, Mohamad Tiba
Ultrasound assessment of the respiratory-induced change in size of the inferior vena cava is a useful technique in the evaluation and management of critically ill patients. We have developed an automated technique based on the Kanade-Lucas-Tomasi feature tracker and pyramidal segmentation to continuously track the diameter of the inferior vena cava during ultrasound. To test the accuracy of this automated process, the inferior vena cava of 47 spontaneously breathing patients were measured by trained ultrasound physicians and compared against the results obtained via the automated tracking...
September 10, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Mohamad Iqhbal, Julina M Noor, Nur A Karim, Izzat Ismail, Halim Sanib, Mohd A Mokhtar, Safreeda S F Salim
The use of ultrasonography in acute and critical care medicine is becoming increasingly common. However, use of an airway ultrasound as an adjunct to determine the type of intervention needed and assess complications is not common practice. We report a 56-year-old male who presented to the Emergency Department of the Sungai Buloh Hospital, Selangor, Malaysia, in 2015 with hoarseness, stridor and impending respiratory failure. A point-of-care ultrasound performed to assess the neck and vocal cords indicated a heterogeneous echogenic mass in the larynx, thus ruling out a cricothyroidotomy...
May 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
Keith R Barron, Michael S Wagner, Patrick S Hunt, Victor V Rao, Floyd E Bell, Saaid Abdel-Ghani, David Schrift, Duncan Norton, Paul H Bornemann, Robert Haddad, Richard A Hoppmann
As ultrasound devices become smaller, more portable, and more user friendly, there is now widespread use of this technology by physicians of all specialties, yet there are currently few structured opportunities for ultrasound education outside of emergency and critical care medicine. Anticipating the rising educational demand in the primary care specialties, the University of South Carolina School of Medicine created a primary care ultrasound fellowship in 2011, the first yearlong training program in point-of-care ultrasonography for graduates of internal medicine, medicine-pediatrics, pediatrics, and family medicine residencies...
September 4, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Cassidy M Dahn, Olindi Wijesekera, Grace E Garcia, Konrad Karasek, Gabrielle A Jacquet
According to the World Health Organization, the three leading causes of mortality in lower-middle-income countries (LMIC) are ischemic heart disease (IHD), stroke, and lower respiratory infections (LRIs), causing 111.8, 68.8, and 51.5 annual deaths per 100,000, respectively. Due to barriers to healthcare, patients frequently present in critical stages of these diseases. Measured implementations in critical care in LMIC have been published; however, the literature has not been formally reviewed. We performed a systematic review of the literature indexed in PubMed as of October 2017...
July 2018: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
Åsa Engström, Angelica Forsberg
OBJECTIVES: To describe the characteristics, problems, and interventions associated with performing peripheral intravenous catheterisation (PIVC) in difficult situations when registered nurses (RNs) need support from critical care nurses (CCNs). BACKGROUND: Only a few studies have focused on PIVC problems or interventions to promote success. There is limited research on the education, knowledge, confidence, and skills of RNs associated with successful PIVCs. Design A descriptive cross-sectional survey design was used...
September 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Sinan Karacabey, Erkman Sanri, Bayram Metin, Fatih Erkoc, Sener Yildirim, Yavuz Selim Intepe, Sercan Yalcinli
PURPOSE: Modern lung ultrasound (US) is mainly applied not only in critical care, emergency medicine, and trauma surgery, but also in pulmonary and internal medicine. In some cases, pneumothorax (PTX) distinguishes with bullous diseases. In this study, we aimed to discuss the success of US on detecting PTX versus bullae. METHODS: We performed a prospective blinded study. Patients underwent thorax computed tomography (CT) if bullae or pneumothorax could not be differentiated from the chest radiography...
September 3, 2018: Emergency Radiology
Kathryn Schultz, Jennifer Moriatis Wolf
Osteoporosis is a disease defined by diminished bone mass, often resulting in debilitating fragility fractures. As hand surgeons who care for patients with fractures of the distal radius and proximal humerus often related to osteoporosis, it is critical to understand the diagnostic modalities used in the workup of decreased bone density. Although the current reference standard for diagnosing osteoporosis is dual x-ray absorptiometry, this technique has notable drawbacks such as the inability to provide a 3-dimensional image or information about bone microstructure...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
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