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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335066/-evaluation-of-nephrocerebral-risk-with-the-use-of-cystatin-c-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
I T Murkamilov, I S Sabirov, V V Fomin, J A Murkamilova, K A Aitbaev, Z R Rayimzhanov
AIM: To study a role of cystatin C in the nephrocerebral risk in chronic kidney disease at the initial stage of the disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty-eight patients (63 men and 65 women) with chronic kidney disease (CKD) were examined at the pre-dialysis stage of the disease. All patients underwent a complex clinical and laboratory examination with determination of the lipid spectrum, uric acid, fibrinogen, calcium and cystatin C, and subsequent calculation of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR)...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335058/-the-morphological-substrate-and-molecular-mechanisms-of-impaired-pregnancy-outcomes-in-women-with-hereditary-thrombophilias-and-undifferentiated-connective-tissue-dysplasia
#2
T A Demura, E A Kogan, A S Zanozin, D Yu Kolosovsky
Hereditary thrombophilias (HT) and undifferentiated connective tissue dysplasia (uCTD) are important causes of female infertility. Moreover, there are signs of their common pathogenesis: a number of proteins, such as PAI-1, play an important role in the pathogenesis of both conditions, as well as in the development of infertility in patients with HT and uCTD OBJECTIVE: To determine the morphological substrate and molecular mechanisms of impaired pregnancy outcomes in women with uCTD and HT. SUBJECT AND METHODS: A study group included 130 reproductive-aged female patients with primary infertility and a control group consisted of 11 patients (surrogate mothers)...
2018: Arkhiv Patologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334996/neonatal-giant-hepatic-hemangioma-a-case-report
#3
Zhenwei Zhu, Peng Cai, Jie Zhu, Jianlei Chen, Bin Wu, Zhicheng Gu, Shungen Huang, Jian Wang
RATIONALE: Hepatic hemangioma is the third most common pediatric tumor, and it is rare in the neonatal period. This case study presents a rare case of hepatic hemangioma found in a neonate. PATIENT CONCERNS: A girl who was 18 days of age with the emergence of jaundice and an abdominal mass was admitted for physical examination in the local department. DIAGNOSES: An ultrasound showed that the hepatic left lobe was about 9 cm × 7 cm × 7 cm in size...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334984/detection-of-uric-acid-crystal-deposition-by-ultrasonography-and-dual-energy-computed-tomography-a-cross-sectional-study-in-patients-with-clinically-diagnosed-gout
#4
Yu Wang, Xuerong Deng, Yufeng Xu, Lanlan Ji, Zhuoli Zhang
The aim of our study was to compare the performance of ultrasonography (US) and dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) in detecting the crystal deposition at lower extremity joints in patients with gout. The correlation of imaging findings with microscopic findings was further assessed whenever aspiration is available.We recruited consecutive patients who were presented with arthritis of lower extremity from January 2012 to December 2014. All the patients underwent DECT and US scan of bilateral knees, ankles, and feet...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334971/complete-metabolic-response-to-therapy-of-hepatic-epithelioid-hemangioendothelioma-evaluated-with-18f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-contrast-enhanced-computed-tomography-a-care-case-report
#5
Romina Grazia Giancipoli, Serena Monti, Olca Basturk, David Klimstra, Mary Louise Keohan, Orazio Schillaci, Giuseppe Corrias, Peter Sawan, Lorenzo Mannelli
RATIONALE: Hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) is a rare malignant vascular tumor of endothelial origin with a highly variable clinical presentation and natural history. Given its vascular origin, new therapies with inhibitors of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) have been introduced in the treatment of these patients and have shown promising results. Few reports have described the role of F-Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/contrast-enhanced computed tomography (F-FDG PET/CT) in the evaluation of this tumor after treatment with anti-angiogenic agents...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334932/should-paediatricians-be-aware-of-cystic-echinococcosis-a-literature-review
#6
Chiara Tersigni, Elisabetta Venturini, Carlotta Montagnani, Leila Bianchi, Elena Chiappini, Maurizio de Martino, Luisa Galli
Among parasitic hepatic cystic lesions, the most common disease is represented by cystic echinococcosis, especially in high endemic countries. European epidemiology of cystic echinococcosis in children is very difficult to assess because of under-reporting but is increasing, because of high immigration flows from endemic countries and an increased awareness. Hydatidosis can be localized in every part of the body. The liver and lungs are the most common localizations in both children and adults. Multi-organ involvement is rarely reported in children...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334792/high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-hifu-ablation-by-the-dual-frequency-excitation
#7
Siu Kwun Berlinda Law, Yufeng Zhou
High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) has emerged as an effective and noninvasive therapeutic modality for cancer and solid tumor. Despite its promising clinical outcomes and the approval of the Food and Drug Administration of many countries, the ablation time of a large target is long. So enhancement of the lesion production is highly desired. In this study, dual-frequency (or amplitude modulation) excitation was evaluated both numerically and experimentally, and its performance was compared with that using single-frequency excitation at the same power output...
October 16, 2018: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334789/automatic-needle-segmentation-and-localization-in-mri-with-3d-convolutional-neural-networks-application-to-mri-targeted-prostate-biopsy
#8
Alireza Mehrtash, Mohsen Ghafoorian, Guillaume Pernelle, Alireza Ziaei, Friso G Heslinga, Kemal Tuncali, Andriy Fedorov, Ron Kikinis, Clare M Tempany, William M Wells, Purang Abolmaesumi, Tina Kapur
Image-guidance improves tissue sampling during biopsy by allowing the physician to visualize the tip and trajectory of the biopsy needle relative to the target in MRI, CT, ultrasound, or other relevant imagery. This paper reports a system for fast automatic needle tip and trajectory localization and visualization in MRI that has been developed and tested in the context of an active clinical research program in prostate biopsy. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported system for this clinical application, and also the first reported system that leverages deep neural networks for segmentation and localization of needles in MRI across biomedical applications...
October 18, 2018: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334756/assessment-of-mechanical-properties-of-tissue-in-breast-cancer-related-lymphedema-using-ultrasound-elastography
#9
Hoda S Hashemi, Stefanie Fallone, Mathieu Boily, Anna Towers, Robert D Kilgour, Hassan Rivaz
Breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) is a consequence of a malfunctioning lymphatic drainage system resulting from surgery or some other form of treatment. In the initial stages, minor and reversible increases in fluid volume of the arm are evident. As the stages progress over time, the underlying pathophysiology dramatically changes with an irreversible increase in arm volume most likely due to a chronic local inflammation leading to adipose tissue hypertrophy and fibrosis. Clinicians have subjective ways to stage the degree and severity such as the pitting test which entails manually comparing the elasticity of the affected and unaffected arms...
October 15, 2018: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334740/shear-waves-reveal-viscoelastic-changes-in-skeletal-muscles-after-hemispheric-stroke
#10
Ghulam Rasool, Allison B Wang, William Z Rymer, Sabrina S M Lee
We investigated alterations in material properties such as elasticity and viscoelasticity of stroke-affected muscles using ultrasound induced shear waves and mechanical models. We used acoustic radiation force to generate shear waves along fascicles of biceps muscles and measured their propagation velocity. The shear wave data were collected in muscles of 13 hemiplegic stroke survivors under passive conditions at 90°, 120°, and 150° elbow flexion angles. In a viscoelastic medium, as opposed to a purely elastic medium, the shear wave propagation velocity depends on the frequency content of the induced wave...
October 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334587/the-belgian-prenatal-microarray-bemapre-database-a-systematic-nationwide-repository-of-fetal-genomic-aberrations
#11
Joke Muys, Bettina Blaumeiser, Yves Jacquemyn, Claude Bandelier, Nathalie Brison, Saskia Bulk, Patrizia Chiarappa, Winnie Courtens, Anne De Leener, Marjan De Rademaeker, Julie Désir, Anne Destree, Koenraad Devriendt, Annelies Dheedene, Annelies Fieuw, Erik Fransen, Jean-Stéphane Gatot, Philip Holmgren, Mauricette Jamar, Sandra Janssens, Kathelijn Keymolen, Damien Lederer, Björn Menten, Marije Meuwissen, Benoit Parmentier, Bruno Pichon, Sonia Rombout, Yves Sznajer, Ann Van Den Bogaert, Kris Van Den Bogaert, Olivier Vanakker, Joris Vermeesch, Katrien Janssens
OBJECTIVE: With the replacement of karyotyping by chromosomal microarray (CMA) in invasive prenatal diagnosis, new challenges have arisen. By building a national database, we standardize the classification and reporting of prenatally detected copy number variants (CNVs) across Belgian genetic centers. This database, which will link genetic and ultrasound findings with postnatal development, forms a unique resource to investigate the pathogenicity of variants of uncertain significance and to refine the phenotypic spectrum of pathogenic and susceptibility CNVs...
October 18, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334475/clinical-use-of-sherlock-3cg-%C3%A2-for-positioning-peripherally-inserted-central-catheters
#12
Mauro Pittiruti, Giancarlo Scoppettuolo, Laura Dolcetti, Alessandro Emoli
INTRODUCTION: Intracavitary electrocardiogram technique is recognized as a safe, accurate, and inexpensive method for verifying the tip location of central venous access devices. While the technique can be carried out with any standard electrocardiogram monitor, dedicated electrocardiogram monitors specifically designed for the intracavitary electrocardiogram are also available. One of these dedicated monitors is Sherlock-3CG® , characterized by the integration of a magnetic-based tip navigation method with an electrocardiogram-based tip location method...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334391/defining-coronary-artery-perforation-with-ultrasound-contrast-agent
#13
Young Jin Youn, Salman Khalid, Michael Azrin, Juyong Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334326/impaired-placental-perfusion-and-major-fetal-cardiac-defects
#14
Ilaria Fantasia, Walkyria Andrade, Argyro Syngelaki, Ranjit Akolekar, Kypros H Nicolaides
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between fetal congenital heart defects (CHD) and placental perfusion assessed by uterine artery pulsatility index (UtA-PI) in relation to development of preeclampsia (PE). METHODS: This was a prospective screening study in singleton pregnancies at 19-24 weeks' gestation. Transvaginal ultrasound was used to measure the UtA-PI and the values were converted into multiples of the normal median (MoM). Median MoM values in pregnancies with fetuses with isolated major CHD were compared to those without CHD in relation to development of PE...
October 17, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334276/stethoscope-of-the-21st-century-dominant-discourses-of-ultrasound-in-medical-education
#15
Zac Feilchenfeld, Ayelet Kuper, Cynthia Whitehead
CONTEXT: In recent years, point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has become a widely used clinical tool in a number of clinical specialties. In response, POCUS has been incorporated into medical curricula across the learning continuum, bolstered by enthusiastic appraisals of the technology's benefits for learners, clinicians and patients. In this project, we have sought to identify and understand the effects of dominant discourses influencing the integration of POCUS into medical education...
October 18, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334249/uplc-ms-2-profiling-of-blackthorn-flower-polyphenols-isolated-by-ultrasound-assisted-extraction
#16
Ivona Elez Garofulić, Zoran Zorić, Sandra Pedisić, Mladen Brnčić, Verica Dragović-Uzelac
Ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) was optimized for fast and effective isolation of blackthorn flower polyphenols. The effects of ethanol concentration (50% and 70%) in extraction solvent, ultrasound amplitude (50%, 75%, and 100%) and extraction time (3, 6, and 9 min) were evaluated. UPLC-MS2 was used to determine phenolic profile of blackthorn flowers extracts. A total of 28 different phenolic compounds were identified, belonging to the classes of hydroxycinnamic acids, flavonol glycosides and flavanols...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334240/when-to-order-an-mri-in-the-initial-evaluation-and-management-of-prostate-cancer
#17
Annerleim Walton-Diaz, Soroush Rais-Bahrami
Prostate cancer remains the only solid tumor diagnosed using transrectal ultrasound-guided sampling of the gland, and not an image-based, lesion-directed approach. This technique has limitations in that it underdiagnoses clinically significant disease and overdiagnoses indolent tumors resulting in overtreatment of patients. Technical advances in MRI in the last decade have made this method the preferred imaging modality for prostate anatomy and for risk assessment of prostate cancer. As of 2018, the indications for MRI in the diagnosis and risk assessment of prostate cancer have expanded from preoperative evaluation to the pre-biopsy setting, as well as for surveillance protocols...
October 17, 2018: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334155/feasibility-and-safety-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-gallbladder-drainage-using-a-newly-designed-lumen-apposing-metal-stent
#18
Dong Hui Cho, Seok Jung Jo, Jae Hoon Lee, Tae Jun Song, Do Hyun Park, Sung Koo Lee, Myung-Hwan Kim, Sang Soo Lee
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided gallbladder drainage (EUS-GBD) is increasingly accepted as an effective treatment option in patients who require drainage for acute cholecystitis. A newly designed lumen-apposing metal stent (LAMS) has been introduced recently in this procedure. In this study, we evaluated the feasibility and safety of the newly designed LAMS in patients with acute cholecystitis who were unsuitable for cholecystectomy. METHODS: Between Mar 2017 and Oct 2017, 22 patients with acute cholecystitis who were unsuitable for cholecystectomy underwent EUS-GBD with the newly designed LAMS...
October 17, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334124/laser-photobiomodulation-is-more-effective-than-ultrasound-therapy-in-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-a-comparative-study
#19
Sayed A Tantawy, Walid K Abdelbasset, Dalia M Kamel, Saud M Alrawaili, Saud F Alsubaie
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of laser photobiomodulation therapy (lPBMt) and ultrasound therapy (UST) in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain (CNLBP). Forty-five patients with CNLBP aged 30-40 years were divided randomly into three groups of 15 subjects each. The lPBMt group received 8 weeks of lPBMt with an exercise program, while the UST group received 8 weeks of UST with the same exercise program; the control group received only the exercise program for 8 weeks. Pain, disability, functional performance, and lumbar range of motion were assessed at the beginning of the study and after 8 weeks...
October 17, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334118/evaluation-of-subclinical-atherosclerosis-by-ultrasound-radiofrequency-data-technology-in-patients-with-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#20
Cem Ozisler, Hatice Kaplanoglu
Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease, and inflammation is highly associated with atherosclerosis and increased cardiovascular risk. Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and arterial stiffness measurements are commonly used to detect subclinical atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to non-invasively demonstrate the presence of subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with pSS through these measurements, using ultrasound (US) radiofrequency (RF) data technology...
October 17, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
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