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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30066030/interaction-between-stress-cytokines-and-salivary-cortisol-in-pregnant-and-non-pregnant-women-with-gingivitis
#1
Fatma Ucan Yarkac, Ozge Gokturk, Osman Demir
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of periodontal treatment on the inflammatory markers in gingival crevicular fluid and the concentration of salivary cortisol between non-pregnant and pregnant women with gingivitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 30 non-pregnant women (mean age 27.93 ± 6.61 years) and 30 pregnant women (mean age 28.93 ± 4.04 years). Each participant presented with the clinical symptoms of generalized, moderate-to-severe gingivitis...
July 31, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30043934/effect-of-non-surgical-periodontal-therapy-on-the-degree-of-gingival-inflammation-and-stress-markers-related-to-pregnancy
#2
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Fatma Ucan Yarkac, Ozge Gokturk, Osman Demir
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of nonsurgical periodontal therapy considering the salivary stress-related hormone and cytokine levels in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) on pregnant and nonpregnant women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty non-pregnant (control group) and 30 pregnant women (test group) that met the study inclusion criteria were chosen. Only participants with gingivitis were included. Clinical data and samples of GCF and saliva were collected at baseline and after periodontal therapy...
July 23, 2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30022504/clinical-associations-between-acetylcholine-levels-and-cholinesterase-activity-in-saliva-and-gingival-crevicular-fluid-and-periodontal-diseases
#3
Danae A Apatzidou, Achilleas Iskas, Antonis Konstantinidis, Abeer M Alghamdi, Maria Tumelty, David F Lappin, Christopher J Nile
AIM: The oral mucosa possesses a non-neuronal cholinergic system. This study aimed to determine clinical evidence for a role of cholinergic mechanisms in the pathogenesis of periodontal diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty healthy participants, 52 patients with gingivitis and 49 with periodontitis were recruited. Full periodontal parameters were recorded and saliva and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) collected. Levels of acetylcholine and inflammatory mediators were quantified using commercially available assay kits...
July 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875576/association-of-human-interleukin-35-level-in-gingival-crevicular-fluid-and-serum-in-periodontal-health-disease-and-after-nonsurgical-therapy-a-comparative-study
#4
Subash Chandra Raj, Subhashree Manaswini Panda, Muktikesh Dash, Kaushik Patnaik, Devapratim Mohanty, Neelima Katti, Annuroopa Mahapatra, Debasish Mishra, Kamdev Praharaj
Background: Innovating newer methods to diagnose a multifactorial disease such as periodontitis is always challenging for a clinician. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) which is closely associated with the periodontal tissue environment has been used a viable alternative to saliva for the diagnosis of periodontitis. Aim: The aim of the present study was to estimate and compare the interleukin-35 (IL-35) levels in GCF and serum among healthy, gingivitis, and chronic periodontitis (CP) individuals as well as to evaluate the effect of nonsurgical periodontal treatment (NSPT) on IL-35 level among patients with CP...
April 2018: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790168/periodontitis-and-placental-growth-factor-in-oral-fluids-are-early-pregnancy-predictors-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Alejandra Chaparro, Edgardo Zúñiga, Manuel Varas-Godoy, Daniela Albers, Valeria Ramírez, Marcela Hernández, Juan P Kusanovic, Stephanie Acuña-Gallardo, Gregory Rice, Sebastián E Illanes
BACKGROUND: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) affects around 7-10% of all pregnancies. Early detection of predisposition to GDM is the first step in developing efficacious preventive treatment. The objective of the present study was to establish the utility of placental proteins presents in oral fluids (gingival crevicular fluid [GCF] and saliva), and periodontal disease status as early pregnancy predictors of GDM. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A nested case control within a prospective cohort was conducted...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288920/diagnostic-potential-and-future-directions-of-biomarkers-in-gingival-crevicular-fluid-and-saliva-of-periodontal-diseases-review-of-the-current-evidence
#6
REVIEW
Noha Ayman Ghallab
OBJECTIVES: The holy grail of biomarker research in periodontology is to develop a high impact diagnostics which have a significant impact on clinical decision-making, patient outcomes and healthcare providers. In the field of periodontal diagnostics, oral fluid-based biomarkers have been studied mainly in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and saliva. METHODS: A literature search was performed using the Cochrane library and PubMed databases from 2000 to January 2017...
March 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127889/nitric-oxide-and-arginase-levels-in-peri-implant-tissues-after-delayed-loading
#7
Ceren Gokmenoglu, Nurdan Ozmeric, Caglar Sungur, Raziye Sahin Bildik, Imge Erguder, Serenay Elgun
OBJECTIVE: Nitric oxide (NO) is synthesized from the conversion of L-arginine to L-citrulline by NO synthase (NOS). Arginase can compete with NOS for the common substrate L-arginine, and thus inhibit NO production. NO levels and arginase ezyme might affect the bone remodeling cycle around implants. The aim of this studywas to investigate NO and arginase levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF), peri-implant sulcular fluid (PISF), and saliva. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with one or more implants (Straumann® ; Institute Straumann AG, Basel, Switzerland) restored with fixed crown prostheses were included in the study...
January 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969294/point-of-care-a-novel-approach-to-periodontal-diagnosis-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Nancy Srivastava, Prathibha Anand Nayak, Shivendra Rana
Periodontal disease, one of the prevalent oral diseases, is characterized by gingival inflammation and periodontal tissue destruction. Diagnosing this disease is challenging to the clinicians as the disease process is discontinuous and shows periods of exacerbation and remission. Traditional diagnostic methods basically tells about the past tissue destruction so new diagnostic methods are required which is able to detect the active state of the disease, determine the future progression and also estimates the response to the therapy, thereby helping in the better clinical management of the patient...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932156/possible-interaction-between-visfatin-periodontal-infection-and-other-systemic-diseases-a-brief-review-of-literature
#9
REVIEW
Mojtaba Bayani, Mohammad Pourali, Mohammad Keivan
Gingivitis and periodontitis are common bacterial infections caused by a variety of microorganisms. Despite the microorganisms' roles as etiologic agents, inflammation-induced substances also have crucial parts in the loss of connective tissue and the supporting alveolar bone. Visfatin is a pleiotropic mediator, which acts as growth factor, cytokine, and pre-B-cell colony-enhancing factor. A positive correlation was detected between the serum/plasma levels of visfatin and inflammatory disorders such as diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease...
July 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889479/associations-of-oral-fluid-mmp-8-with-periodontitis-in-swiss-adult-subjects
#10
M Mauramo, A M Ramseier, E Mauramo, A Buser, T Tervahartiala, T Sorsa, T Waltimo
OBJECTIVE: MMP-8 is a prominent collagenase in periodontal disease. This cross-sectional study examined whether MMP-8 levels in saliva and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) are associated with periodontitis in a Swiss population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 258 subjects (107 m, 151 f, mean age: 43.5 yr; range: 21-58 yr) acquired from the Swiss bone marrow donor registry participated in the study. Saliva and GCF samples were collected from subjects followed by a thorough dental and periodontal examination...
April 2018: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706787/effect-of-scaling-root-planing-on-the-activity-of-alp-in-gcf-serum-of-patients-with-gingivitis-chronic-and-aggressive-periodontitis-a-comparative-study
#11
Nishi Singh, Siddhartha Chandel, Harmurti Singh, Amiya Agrawal, A N Savitha
INTRODUCTION: Host response and environmental factors are known to modify periodontal status adversely. Presently serum, saliva, and GCF are being investigated for its biochemical constituents. GCF contains array of biochemical factors, offering potential use as a diagnostic or prognostic biomarker of the biologic state of the periodontium in health and disease. Alkaline phosphatase is produced locally in the periodontium and shows positive correlation with disease activity and PD. Present study was designed to analyze the levels of ALP in GCF and serum of patients with gingivitis, chronic & aggressive periodontitis before and after SRP & to compare the difference within the study groups...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562542/association-between-interleukin-8-levels-and-chronic-periodontal-disease-a-prisma-compliant-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Livia S Finoti, Rafael Nepomuceno, Suzane C Pigossi, Sâmia Ct Corbi, Rodrigo Secolin, Raquel M Scarel-Caminaga
BACKGROUND: Current publications present contradictory findings regarding interleukin-8 (IL-8) levels in patients with chronic periodontitis (CP). This systematic review compile evidences of the IL8 mRNA and protein levels in gingival tissue, saliva, and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) investigated in patients with CP. Moreover, 2 meta-analyses were made focusing on the IL-8 levels in GCF and saliva of patients with or without CP. METHODS: Electronic searches of the PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus databases were conducted for publications up to February 2016 that investigated the levels of IL-8 detected in individuals with CP compared with health individuals...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540365/the-role-of-apoptotic-factors-in-assessing-progression-of-periodontal-disease
#13
D Dabiri, S Halubai, M Layher, C Klausner, H Makhoul, G H Lin, G Eckert, H Abuhussein, P Kamarajan, Y Kapila
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms responsible for periodontal disease progression remain unclear. However, recent studies suggest that apoptosis may be one mechanism underlying the pathophysiology of periodontal disease progression. This pilot study is the 3 month follow-up of our published baseline study on the presence of apoptotic factors in serum, saliva, and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and their association with periodontal disease severity and activity. METHODS: GCF samples were obtained from 37 adult patients with chronic periodontitis (CP) and 7 healthy controls...
September 2016: International Journal of Dentistry and Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367892/effects-of-bodybuilding-and-protein-supplements-in-saliva-gingival-crevicular-fluid-and-serum
#14
Kübra Aral, Eynar Berdeli, Cüneyt A Aral, Afig Berdeli, Merve Atan
The effects of bodybuilding and protein supplements on periodontal tissues have not yet been evaluated. The present study aimed to examine the periodontal status and interleukin (IL)-1β, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing C-terminal caspase-recruitment domain (ASC), and caspase 1 (CASP1) gene expression levels of body builders compared with those of controls. Twenty-five bodybuilders with gingivitis (BB-G) who used protein powder supplements were compared with 25 nonexercising males with (G) and 25 without (H) gingivitis...
2017: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117682/salivary-diagnostics-point-of-care-diagnostics-of-mmp-8-in-dentistry-and-medicine
#15
REVIEW
Nilminie Rathnayake, Dirk-Rolf Gieselmann, Anna Maria Heikkinen, Taina Tervahartiala, Timo Sorsa
Human saliva is an easily accessible biological fluid and contains a variety of disease-related biomarkers, which makes it a potential diagnostic medium. The clinical use of salivary/oral fluid biomarkers to identify oral and systemic conditions requires the development of non-invasive screening and diagnostic technologies, and is among the main goals of oral fluid researchers. The analysis of the disease-specific oral and systemic biomarkers in saliva and oral fluids (i.e., mouth-rinse, gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and peri-implantitis sulcular fluid (PISF)) is demanding...
January 20, 2017: Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099577/effects-of-periodontal-treatment-on-primary-sj%C3%A8-gren-s-syndrome-symptoms
#16
Lucas Macedo Batitucci Ambrósio, Emanuel da Silva Rovai, Bruno Nunes de França, Danilo Andrés Balzarini, Ieda Santos Abreu, Sheyla Batista Bologna Lopes, Thaís Borguezan Nunes, Silvia Vanessa Lourenço, Sandra Gofinet Pasoto, Luciana Saraiva, Marinella Holzhausen
The aim of this longitudinal prospective study was to evaluate the effects of periodontal treatment on the clinical, microbiological and immunological periodontal parameters, and on the systemic activity (ESSDAI) and subjective (ESSPRI) indexes in patients with primary Sjögren's Syndrome (pSS). Twenty-eight female patients were divided into four groups: pSS patients with or without chronic periodontitis (SCP, SC, respectively), and systemically healthy patients with or without chronic periodontitis (CP, C, respectively)...
January 16, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005264/mucin-4-and-matrix-metalloproteinase-7-as-novel-salivary-biomarkers-for-periodontitis
#17
Anna Lundmark, Gunnar Johannsen, Kaja Eriksson, Anna Kats, Leif Jansson, Taina Tervahartiala, Nilminie Rathnayake, Sigvard Åkerman, Björn Klinge, Timo Sorsa, Tülay Yucel-Lindberg
AIM: Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease, characterized by irreversible destruction of tooth-supporting tissue including alveolar bone. We recently reported mucin 4 (MUC4) and matrix metalloproteinase 7 (MMP7) as highly associated with periodontitis in gingival tissue biopsies. The aim of this study was to further investigate the levels of MUC4 and MMP7 in saliva and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) samples of patients with periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Saliva and GCF samples were collected from periodontitis patients and healthy controls...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001239/patients-with-dental-calculus-have-increased-saliva-and-gingival-crevicular-fluid-fetuin-a-levels-but-no-association-with-fetuin-a-polymorphisms
#18
Gülnihal Emrem Doğan, Turgut Demir, Esra Laloğlu, Ebru Sağlam, Hülya Aksoy, Abdulkadir Yildirim, Fatih Akçay
Fetuin-A is a potent inhibitor of calcium-phosphate precipitation and of the calcification process, therefore it can also be related with dental calculus. Thus, we aimed to investigate a possible relationship between fetuin-A gene polymorphism and the presence of dental calculus. A possible relationship between serum, saliva and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) levels of fetuin-A was also investigated. Fetuin-A c.742C > T and c.766C > G polymorphisms were investigated in 103 patients with or without dental calculus...
December 22, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932811/a-pilot-study-of-the-gingival-response-when-smokers-switch-from-smoking-to-vaping
#19
R Wadia, V Booth, H F Yap, D L Moyes
Introduction Tobacco smoking is one of the most important risk factors for periodontitis as it alters the host response to plaque. Although the prevalence of tobacco smoking has declined in recent years, the use of electronic-cigarettes (vaping) has increased. The effect of vaping on the gingiva is unknown and an evidence-base needs to be established before providing dental advice about the use of these products.Objective To compare the gingival health of a group of established smokers before and after substituting vaping for smoking tobacco...
December 9, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924587/qualitative-and-quantitative-proteome-analysis-of-oral-fluids-in-health-and-periodontal-disease-by-mass-spectrometry
#20
Erdjan Salih
The significance of protein identification and characterization by classical protein chemistry approaches is clearly highlighted by our detailed understanding of the biological systems assembled over a time period of almost a century. The advent of state-of-the-art mass spectrometry (MS) with sensitivity, speed, and global protein analysis capacity without individual protein purification has transformed the classical protein chemistry with premise to accelerate discovery. These combined with the ability of the oral fluids such as whole saliva (WS) and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) to reflect both systemic and locally derived proteins have generated significant interest to characterize these fluids more extensively by MS technology...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
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