keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cardiac shortness of breath

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236195/measures-of-subclinical-cardiac-dysfunction-and-increased-filling-pressures-associate-with-pulmonary-arterial-pressure-in-the-general-population-results-from-the-population-based-rotterdam-study
#1
Ryan J Billar, Maarten J G Leening, Daphne Merkus, Guy G O Brusselle, Albert Hofman, Bruno H Ch Stricker, H Ardeschir Ghofrani, Oscar H Franco, Henning Gall, Janine F Felix
Pulmonary hypertension is associated with increased mortality and morbidity in the elderly population. Heart failure is a common cause of pulmonary hypertension. Yet, the relation between left heart parameters reflective of subclinical cardiac dysfunction and increased filling pressures, and pulmonary arterial pressures in the elderly population remains elusive. Within the population-based Rotterdam Study, 2592 unselected participants with a mean age of 72.6 years (61.4% women) had complete echocardiography data available...
December 13, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235579/the-presence-of-gasping-predicts-long-term-survival-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-patients
#2
Jiri Knor, Roman Skulec, Dominika Seblova, Malek Jiri
BACKGROUND: The presence of gasping in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients predicts short-term prognosis. We performed a retrospective study to evaluate whether the presence of gasping at the time of Emergency Medical Service (EMS) arrival in the case OHCA patients of presumed cardian origin has any impact on six-month survival and/or sustained return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). METHODS: We collected and analyzed Utstein Style data for all patients resuscitated for OHCA of presumed cardiac origin by the EMS of the Central Bohemian Region from July 1st, 2013 to June 30th, 2014...
December 13, 2017: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209541/a-rare-manifestation-of-asymptomatic-ebstein-s-anomaly-with-tricuspid-valve-endocarditis
#3
Carmel Moazez, Vicken Zeitjian, Christian Breburda, Ranjini Roy
Ebstein's anomaly is a rare congenital heart disease that presents with apical displacement of the septal and posterior leaflets of the tricuspid valve. It has a wide spectrum of clinical presentations and has been shown to manifest itself any time from birth to adulthood. Our patient is a 43-year-old male with a history of intravenous heroin abuse who presented to the emergency department with worsening shortness of breath and lower extremity edema. He denied any prior cardiac history. A transthoracic echo showed normal left ventricular function, but a large 2...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202148/behavioral-health-consult-ensuring-prompt-recognition-and-treatment-of-panic-disorder
#4
Eric H Berko, Gabriela Feier
Lorna D was seen by her primary care physician as follow-up to a visit she made to the emergency department (ED). The 37 year old had gone to the ED 4 times in the previous year. Each time she presented with tachycardia, dyspnea, nausea, numbness in her extremities, and a fear that she was having a heart attack. In spite of negative work-ups at each visit (electrocardiogram, cardiac enzymes, complete blood count, toxicology screen, Holter monitoring), Ms. D was terrified that the ED doctors were missing something...
December 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201468/a-case-report-of-recurrent-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-in-a-patient-during-myasthenia-crisis
#5
Anusha Battineni, Naresh Mullaguri, Shail Thanki, Anand Chockalingam, Raghav Govindarajan
Introduction: Patients with myasthenia crisis can develop Takotsubo stress cardiomyopathy (SC) due to emotional or physical stress and high level of circulating catecholamines. We report a patient who developed recurrent Takotsubo cardiomyopathy during myasthenia crisis. Coexisting autoimmune disorders known to precipitate stress cardiomyopathy like Grave's disease need to be evaluated. Case Report: A 69-year-old female with seropositive myasthenia gravis (MG), Grave's disease, and coronary artery disease on monthly infusion of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), prednisone, pyridostigmine, and methimazole presented with shortness of breath and chest pain...
2017: Case Reports in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194732/doppler-ultrasound-triggering-for-cardiac-mri-at-7t
#6
F Kording, C Ruprecht, B Schoennagel, K Fehrs, J Yamamura, G Adam, J Goebel, K Nassenstein, S Maderwald, H H Quick, O Kraff
PURPOSE: A prerequisite for cardiac MR (CMR) imaging is adequate synchronization of image acquisition with the cardiac cycle. Electrocardiogram triggering may be hampered by electromagnetic interferences at high field strength. The purpose of this work is to evaluate the feasibility of Doppler ultrasound triggering for CMR image synchronization at 7T ultra-high-field MRI. METHODS: A custom-built Doppler ultrasound (DUS) trigger device was developed. Magnetic resonance compatibility was evaluated using E- and H-field probes and flip angle maps prior to the study...
December 1, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188542/wet-beriberi-associated-with-hikikomori-syndrome
#7
Natsumi Tanabe, Eiji Hiraoka, Jun Kataoka, Takaki Naito, Ko Matsumoto, Junya Arai, Yasuhiro Norisue
Wet beriberi, characterized by high cardiac output with predominantly right-sided heart failure and lactic acidosis, is a disease caused by thiamine deficiency, and is rarely seen in modern society. However, patients with social withdrawal syndrome, also known as hikikomori syndrome, may be a new population at risk of thiamine deficiency. Hikikomori syndrome, first recognized in Japan, is becoming a worldwide issue. A 39-year-old Japanese patient was brought to our hospital, with a 3-week history of progressive shortness of breath and generalized edema...
November 29, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184761/estimating-extraction-fraction-and-blood-flow-by-combining-first-pass-myocardial-perfusion-and-t1-mapping-results
#8
Devavrat Likhite, Promporn Suksaranjit, Ganesh Adluru, Brent Wilson, Edward DiBella
Background: Quantifying myocardial perfusion is complicated by the complexity of pharmacokinetic model being used and the reliability of perfusion parameter estimates. More complex modeling provides more information about the underlying physiology, but too many parameters in complex models introduce a new problem of reliable estimation. To overcome the problem of multiple parameters, we have developed a technique that combines knowledge from two different cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging techniques: dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) and T1 mapping...
October 2017: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178489/daily-inspiratory-muscle-training-lowers-blood-pressure-and-vascular-resistance-in-healthy-men-and-women
#9
Claire M DeLucia, Roxanne M De Asis, E Fiona Bailey
Previous work has shown inspiratory muscle training (IMT) lowers blood pressure after just six weeks, identifying IMT as a potential therapeutic to prevent/treat hypertension. Here, we explore the effects of IMT on respiratory muscle strength and select cardiovascular parameters in recreationally active men and women. Subjects were randomly assigned to IMT (n = 12, 75% maximal inspiratory pressure) or sham training (n = 13, 15% maximum inspiratory pressure) groups and underwent a 6-week intervention comprising 30 breaths day-1 , 5 days week-1 ...
November 24, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154433/cardiac-muscle-wasting-in-individuals-with-cancer-cachexia
#10
Anush Barkhudaryan, Nadja Scherbakov, Jochen Springer, Wolfram Doehner
AIMS: Cachexia is a severe complication of cancer that adversely affects the course of the disease and is associated with high rates of mortality. Patients with cancer manifest symptoms, such as fatigue, shortness of breath, and impaired exercise tolerance, which are clinical signs of chronic heart failure. The aim of this study was to evaluate cardiac muscle wasting in cancer individuals. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively analysed 177 individuals who died of cancer, including 58 lung, 60 pancreatic, and 59 gastrointestinal (GI) cancers, and 42 cancer-free controls who died of other, non-cardiovascular reasons...
November 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150126/hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#11
REVIEW
Juan José Santos Mateo, María Sabater Molina, Juan Ramón Gimeno Blanes
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the most common inherited cardiovascular disease. It is characterized by increased ventricular wall thickness and is highly complex due to its heterogeneous clinical presentation, several phenotypes, large number of associated causal mutations and broad spectrum of complications. It is caused by mutations in sarcomeric proteins, which are identified in up to 60% of cases of the disease. Clinical manifestations of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy include shortness of breath, chest pain, palpitations and syncope, which are related to the onset of diastolic dysfunction, left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, ischemia, atrial fibrillation and abnormal vascular responses...
November 14, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142818/shortness-of-breath-on-exertion-a-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-picture-is-worth-a-thousand-words
#12
Chrysanthos Grigoratos, Andrea Barison, Giancarlo Todiere, Giovanni Donato Aquaro
This is the case of a 78-year-old male patient that underwent a cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) due to shortness of breath. An unanticipated diagnosis of a giant pseudoaneurysm with a "guitar-like" appearance was made and patient was sent for urgent ventriculoplasty. CMR offered striking illustrative images allowing for previously unsuspected diagnosis to be made and patient's therapeutic management modified. Moreover, in this case, we emphasize the paramount importance of differentiating between true aneurysms, pseudoaneurysms, clefts, and diverticuli since each pathology has completely different management and prognosis that vary from benign to potentially fatal if not immediately treated...
October 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110883/linear-and-nonlinear-parameters-of-heart-rate-variability-in-ischemic-stroke-patients
#13
V Constantinescu, D Matei, V Costache, D Cuciureanu, C Arsenescu-Georgescu
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular system presents cortical modulation. Post-stroke outcome can be highly influenced by autonomic nervous system disruption. Heart rate variability (HRV) analysis is a simple non-invasive method to assess sympatho-vagal balance. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate cardiac autonomic activity in ischemic stroke patients and to asses HRV nonlinear parameters beside linear ones. METHODS: We analyzed HRV parameters in 15 right and 15 left middle cerebral artery ischemic stroke patients, in rest condition and during challenge (standing and deep breathing)...
October 11, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096885/stress-induced-cardiomyopathy-in-cancer-patients
#14
Dana Elena Giza, Juan Lopez-Mattei, Pimprapa Vejpongsa, Ezequiel Munoz, Gloria Iliescu, Danai Kitkungvan, Saamir A Hassan, Peter Kim, Michael S Ewer, Cezar Iliescu
Takotsubo syndrome, also known as stress-induced cardiomyopathy (SC), is underrecognized in cancer patients. This study aims to investigate the incidence, natural history, and triggers of SC in cancer patients and its impact on cancer therapy and overall survival. A total of 30 subjects fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for SC at MD Anderson Cancer Center over a 6-year period. Clinical presentation, electrocardiogram, laboratory data, and transthoracic echocardiogram results registered during the acute phase and follow-up were collected...
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075583/invasive-aspergillosis-involving-the-mediastinum-in-an-immunocompetent-patient-a-case-report
#15
Manesh Kumar Gangwani, Muhammad Aziz, Siraj Munir, Syed Ahsan Ali
We report a rare case of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis invading the mediastinum and the left atrium. A 38-year-old female was hospitalized for cough, shortness of breath and fever. She had a past medical history of tuberculosis. Computed tomography (CT) scans identified an ill-defined enhancing mediastinal soft tissue density mass encasing the heart and major vessels. The cardiac echocardiography showed global hypokinesia, low ejection fraction and a large echogenic density in the left atrium. The pathology from the bronchoscopic biopsy observed abundant fungal hyphae which were stained with periodic Acid-Schiff and Gomori's methenamine silver...
August 24, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071003/successful-treatment-of-cardiac-angiosarcoma-associated-with-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-with-nab-paclitaxel-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Kazunori Honda, Masashi Ando, Keiji Sugiyama, Seiichiro Mitani, Toshiki Masuishi, Yukiya Narita, Hiroya Taniguchi, Shigenori Kadowaki, Takashi Ura, Kei Muro
Angiosarcoma of the heart is an uncommon soft tissue sarcoma. A few cases of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) associated with angiosarcoma occurring in various organs, but not the heart, have been reported. Although taxane is commonly used in the treatment of metastatic angiosarcoma, data on the efficacy of nab-paclitaxel for angiosarcoma are limited. Here, we report probably the first case of a patient with primary cardiac angiosarcoma with coexisting DIC who was successfully treated with nab-paclitaxel...
September 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067539/two-dimensional-xd-grasp-provides-better-image-quality-than-conventional-2d-cardiac-cine-mri-for-patients-who-cannot-suspend-respiration
#17
Eve Piekarski, Teodora Chitiboi, Rebecca Ramb, Larry A Latson, Puneet Bhatla, Li Feng, Leon Axel
OBJECTIVES: Residual respiratory motion degrades image quality in conventional cardiac cine MRI (CCMRI). We evaluated whether a free-breathing (FB) radial imaging CCMRI sequence with compressed sensing reconstruction [extradimensional (e.g. cardiac and respiratory phases) golden-angle radial sparse parallel, or XD-GRASP] could provide better image quality than a conventional Cartesian breath-held (BH) sequence in an unselected population of patients undergoing clinical CCMRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred one patients who underwent BH and FB imaging in a midventricular short-axis plane at a matching location were included...
October 24, 2017: Magma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066683/-cardiac-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-presenting-with-acute-heart-failure-due-to-cardiac-tamponade
#18
Ken Sato, Hiroyuki Kuroda, Michiko Yamada, Saki Ameda, Shogo Miura, Hiroya Sakano, Takanori Shibata, Naoki Uemura, Tomoyuki Abe, Shigeyuki Fujii, Masahiro Maeda, Miri Fujita, Masayoshi Kobune, Junji Kato
A 75-year-old man was admitted to our hospital in May 2016 with progressive shortness of breath. We considered him to be experiencing acute heart failure caused by atrial fibrillation. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed a hypodense mass involving the right atrium and left ventricle, pericardial effusion, and lymphadenopathy of the groin. Histological finding from the groin and pericardial effusion analysis showed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma(DLBCL). We thus diagnosed this patient with cardiac tamponade owing to the involvement of the heart by DLBCL...
October 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064969/clinical-updates-in-women-s-health-care-summary-ischemic-heart-disease-primary-and-preventive-care-review
#19
REVIEW
Brittany S Fuller, Lynn Carlyle, Michele D Voeltz
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among women in the United States. Obstetrician-gynecologists often are the sole health care providers for otherwise healthy women. Therefore, they must be aware of risk factors, signs, and symptoms of cardiovascular disease and be prepared to recognize and treat this condition in patients as well as provide referrals when specialized care is indicated. Women with cardiac problems typically present with chest discomfort; however, they also are more likely than healthy women to present with other common symptoms, such as shortness of breath, back pain, jaw pain, or nausea and vomiting...
November 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051894/a-diagnostic-surprise-primary-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-of-the-lung
#20
Ankur Sinha, Ravikaran Patti, Prabhsimranjot Singh, William Solomon, Yizhak Kupfer
An 81-year-old male presented to the emergency room with a 3-month history of progressive shortness of breath, productive cough with white sputum, and generalized weakness with 10-pound weight loss in 2 months. On presentation, the patient was afebrile, with blood pressure of 93/55 mm Hg and oxy-hemoglobin saturation of 92% on 2 liters of oxygen via nasal cannula. Complete blood count with differential was significant for white count of 12 400/mL. Brain natriuretic peptide level was 454 ng/mL. Postero-anterior chest radiograph showed multiple round opacities in the lung fields...
October 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
keyword
keyword
17177
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"