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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30105989/application-of-electrochemotherapy-in-the-management-of-primary-and-metastatic-cutaneous-malignant-tumours-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
S Morteza Seyed Jafari, Fatemeh Jabbary Lak, Amiq Gazdhar, Maziar Shafighi, Luca Borradori, Robert E Hunger
Electrochemotherapy is becoming a promising technique for the management of malignancies of skin and non-skin origin. The current review aims to clarify current knowledge on administration of electrochemotherapy for the treatment of various skin tumours. A systematic literature search was performed, up to the end of 2016, on studies in which the application of electrochemotherapy for management of primary and metastatic cutaneous malignant tumours was assessed. Having selected appropriate studies, pooled estimates of mean objective (complete) responses, with 95% confidence intervals (CIs), were calculated to assess treatment efficacy...
June 1, 2018: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30105217/organ-specific-toxicities-due-to-radiation-therapy-in-cancer-patients-with-or-without-hiv-infection-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#2
Melody J Xu, Alison Liewen, Luca Valle, Adam C Olson, Nicola M Zetola, Surbhi Grover
Background: To synthesize published literature on the association between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and radiation therapy (RT)-related toxicities. Methods: Two electronic databases, MEDLINE and Embase, were searched to identify studies published before November 2016 comparing RT-related toxicities between HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected patients receiving RT or chemoradiation therapy (CRT) for cancer. A qualitative synthesis of included articles and organ-specific toxicities was then performed...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30099831/parents-and-healthcare-professionals-experiences-of-care-after-stillbirth-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-metasummary
#3
Clare Shakespeare, Abi Merriel, Danya Bakhbakhi, Ruth Baneszova, Katie Barnard, Mary Lynch, Claire Storey, Hannah Blencowe, Fran Boyle, Vicki Flenady, Katherine Gold, Dell Horey, Tracey Mills, Dimitrios Siassakos
BACKGROUND: Stillbirth has a profound impact on women, families, and healthcare workers. The burden is highest in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). There is need for respectful and supportive care for women, partners, and families after bereavement. OBJECTIVE: To perform a qualitative metasummary of parents' and healthcare professionals' experiences of care after stillbirth in LMICs. SEARCH STRATEGY: Search terms were formulated by identifying all synonyms, thesaurus terms and variations for stillbirth...
August 12, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30099748/methods-for-measurement-of-root-canal-curvature-a-systematic-and-critical-review
#4
REVIEW
R C Hartmann, M Fensterseifer, O A Peters, J A P de Figueiredo, Gomes, G Rossi-Fedele
The assessment of root canal curvature is essential for clinical and research purposes. This systematic review presents an overview of the published techniques for the measurement of root canal curvature features using imaging, and to provide a critique of their clinical application. A database search in PubMed, PubMed Central, Embase, Scopus, EBSCO Dentistry & Oral Sciences Source and Virtual Health Library was conducted, using appropriate key words to identify measurement methods for root canal curvatures...
August 11, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30099591/ultrasound-of-sacroiliac-joints-in-spondyloarthritis-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Marwin Gutierrez, Sheila Rodriguez, Carina Soto-Fajardo, Pedro Santos-Moreno, Hugo Sandoval, Chiara Bertolazzi, Carlos Pineda
Ultrasound (US) is an accessible imaging technique with a possible role to diagnose active sacroiliitis, so this technique is projected as a promising diagnostic tool for the diagnosis of SpA. We analyse the available evidence about the use of US as a diagnostic tool in sacroiliitis in patients with SpA, by a systemic review of the literature fulfilling OMERACT criteria. A systematic literature search for original articles was carried out using four databases (Medline, Embase, Scopus and Web of Science). Data from studies were included only if participants had SpA and a US examination of sacroiliac joint (SIJ) was performed...
August 11, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30099174/understanding-alcohol-motivation-using-the-alcohol-purchase-task-a-methodological-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Brent A Kaplan, Rachel N S Foster, Derek D Reed, Michael Amlung, James G Murphy, James MacKillop
BACKGROUND: The Alcohol Purchase Task (APT) is a behavioral economic assessment of alcohol demand (i.e., motivation for consumption during escalating levels of response cost) using simulated marketplace survey techniques. While the APT is often used and widely cited, to date, there has yet to be a systematic review elucidating the variability in administering and analyzing the APT. The purpose of the current paper is to address this knowledge gap in the literature by cataloging the various purchase task methodologies and providing recommendations and future areas of inquiry...
August 2, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30099127/the-effect-of-adjunct-mechanical-traction-on-penile-length-in-men-undergoing-primary-treatment-for-peyronie-s-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Nora M Haney, Taylor P Kohn, Paige E Nichols, Wayne Hellstrom
OBJECTIVE: To accurately characterize the effect of penile traction therapy (PTT) on stretched penile length (SPL) after primary treatment for men with PD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search was performed for studies that evaluated the correction of PD using penile traction as secondary treatment published through January 2018. Studies were included if 1) a singular primary treatment of PD (injection or surgical treatment) was performed for all included men, 2) if there was a control group with no adjunct traction, and 3) if patients were required to wear the traction device for greater than 2 hours per day...
August 9, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30098882/expert-recommendations-on-the-interleukin-6-blockade-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#8
Jesús Tornero Molina, Alejandro Balsa Criado, Francisco Blanco García, Ricardo Blanco Alonso, Sagrario Bustabad, Jaime Calvo Alen, Héctor Corominas, Antonio Fernández Nebro, Jose Andrés Román Ivorra, Raimon Sanmartí
OBJECTIVE: To draft recommendations on interleukin 6 (IL-6) blockade in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), based on best evidence and experience. METHODS: A group of 10 experts on IL-6 blockade in RA was selected. The 2 coordinators formulated 23 questions about IL-6 blockade (indications, efficacy, safety, etc.). A systematic review was conducted to answer the questions. Using this information, inclusion and exclusion criteria were established, as were the search strategies (Medline, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library were searched)...
August 8, 2018: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30097826/a-systematic-review-comparing-the-diagnostic-value-of-14-3-3-protein-in-the-cerebrospinal-fluid-rt-quic-and-rt-quic-on-nasal-brushing-in-sporadic-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease
#9
REVIEW
Olivia Behaeghe, Elias Mangelschots, Bart De Vil, Patrick Cras
BACKGROUND: Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) is a human prion disease that is a relatively common differential diagnosis in dementia patients. Therefore it needs a good diagnostic tool. Brain autopsy is the golden standard for the diagnosis of CJD; however, a less invasive technique is 14-3-3 protein measurement in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). In this systematic review, we compared the diagnostic value of the 14-3-3 protein measurement to the newer RT-QuIC test and a variant of RT-QuIC where nasal brushing is used to collect the samples...
August 10, 2018: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30096604/update-on-thirdhand-smoke-a-comprehensive-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Ana Díez-Izquierdo, Pia Cassanello-Peñarroya, Cristina Lidón-Moyano, Nuria Matilla-Santander, Albert Balaguer, Jose M Martínez-Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to perform a comprehensive review of the literature about thirdhand smoke (THS). METHODS: Systematic review of all aspects of THS. Standard methodological procedures were used to search the following databases through April 2018: MEDLINE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and Web of Science (WOS) in Indo-European languages. To identify published grey literature, the first 200 hits from Google Scholar™ were evaluated...
July 11, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30096061/narrow-band-imaging-for-surveillance-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Xiu-He Lv, Bo-Ling Wang, Guo-Wu Cao
BACKGROUND: The role of narrow band imaging (NBI) for surveillance colonoscopy in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is debatable. We aim to compare NBI versus other endoscopic techniques in surveillance of IBD basing on current evidences. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library databases was conducted for relevant studies. To assess the detection efficacy, we estimated risk ratios (RRs) for dichotomous outcomes and mean differences (MDs) for continuous outcomes...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30094296/is-there-a-role-for-perfusion-imaging-in-assessing-treatment-response-following-ablative-therapy-of-small-renal-masses-a-systematic-review
#12
S J Withey, J Gariani, K Reddy, D Prezzi, C Kelly-Morland, S Ilyas, A Adam, V Goh
Aims: Ablation therapies are an innovative nephron-sparing alternative to radical nephrectomy for early stage renal cancers, although determination of treatment success is challenging. We aimed to undertake a systematic review of the literature to determine whether assessment of tumour perfusion may improve response assessment or alter clinical management when compared to standard imaging. Material and Methods: Two radiologists performed independent primary literature searches for perfusion imaging in response assessment following ablative therapies (radiofrequency ablation and cryotherapy) focused on renal tumours...
2018: European Journal of Radiology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30092606/how-to-reduce-parental-provision-of-unhealthy-foods-to-3-to-8-year-old-children-in-the-home-environment-a-systematic-review-utilizing-the-behaviour-change-wheel-framework
#13
REVIEW
B J Johnson, D Zarnowiecki, G A Hendrie, C E Mauch, R K Golley
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The effectiveness of obesity prevention interventions to improve children's diet can be enhanced. Deconstructing past interventions can identify components with potential to change behaviour. This systematic review using the Behaviour Change Wheel aimed to examine the behaviour change content of interventions supporting parents of 3- to 8-year olds to reduce provision of unhealthy foods to children. METHODS: Ebscohost, Ovid, Scopus and Web of Science were searched...
August 9, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30092081/complications-of-bone-anchored-prostheses-for-individuals-with-an-extremity-amputation-a-systematic-review
#14
Robin Atallah, Ruud A Leijendekkers, Thomas J Hoogeboom, Jan Paul Frölke
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to provide an overview of device-related complications occurring in individuals with an upper or lower extremity amputation treated with a screw, press-fit or other type of bone-anchored implant as well as interventions related to these complications. METHOD: A systematic literature search was conducted in the MEDLINE, Cochrane, EMBASE, CINAHL and Web of Science databases. The included studies reported on device-related complications and interventions occurring in individuals with bone-anchored prostheses...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30091417/preclinical-studies-on-biomaterial-scaffold-use-in-knee-ligament-regeneration-a-systematic-review
#15
E Archer Danielle, Reza Mafi, Pouya Mafi, Wasim Khan
BACKGROUND: Knee joint trauma may result in damage of the intra-articular ligaments, with rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) a common and troublesome injury due to poor capabilities for spontaneous regeneration. Autograft and allograft surgical reconstructions are the mainstay of treatment, but have associated risks of failure, therefore tissue-engineering techniques aiming to regenerate the native ACL are being researched as a potential alternative treatment. OBJECTIVES: This article aims to review the current evidence produced by ex vivo and in vivo studies investigating biomaterial scaffolding and mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) techniques in orthopaedic tissue engineering of ACL injuries...
August 8, 2018: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30087638/the-core-techniques-of-morenian-psychodrama-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#16
Ana Cruz, Célia M D Sales, Paula Alves, Gabriela Moita
The original theory of psychodrama proposed by Moreno in 1921 has been adjusted and re-interpreted by several authors over the last three decades. This resulted in the proliferation of techniques whose definitions and contexts of application are unclear and poorly documented in the literature. The purpose of this review was three-fold: (1) to identify the psychodramatic techniques currently used for research and clinical purposes, (2) to extract and create a list of core techniques which are consensually used by psychodramatists, and which reflect the main principles of the Morenian theory of psychodrama, and (3) to propose an operationalised definition of the core psychodramatic techniques identified...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30087572/procedure-costs-associated-with-the-use-of-harmonic-devices-compared-to-conventional-techniques-in-various-surgeries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Hang Cheng, Jeffrey W Clymer, Rana A Qadeer, Nicole Ferko, Behnam Sadeghirad, Chris G Cameron, Joseph F Amaral
Background: As compared to conventional techniques, recent meta-analyses have reported cost savings with Harmonic devices; however, only in thyroidectomy. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the costs associated with Harmonic devices versus conventional techniques across a range of surgical procedures. Methods: A systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library was conducted from inception to October 01, 2016 without language restrictions to identify randomized controlled trials comparing Harmonic devices to conventional techniques and reporting procedure costs (operating time plus operating equipment/consumables/device costs)...
2018: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30087092/three-dimensional-portable-document-format-3d-pdf-in-clinical-communication-and-biomedical-sciences-systematic-review-of-applications-tools-and-protocols
#18
REVIEW
Axel Newe, Linda Becker
BACKGROUND: The Portable Document Format (PDF) is the standard file format for the communication of biomedical information via the internet and for electronic scholarly publishing. Although PDF allows for the embedding of three-dimensional (3D) objects and although this technology has great potential for the communication of such data, it is not broadly used by the scientific community or by clinicians. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to provide an overview of existing publications that apply 3D PDF technology and the protocols and tools for the creation of model files and 3D PDFs for scholarly purposes to demonstrate the possibilities and the ways to use this technology...
August 7, 2018: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30083591/esd-versus-emr-in-non-ampullary-superficial-duodenal-tumors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Enrique Pérez-Cuadrado-Robles, Lucille Quénéhervé, Walter Margos, Tom G Moreels, Ralph Yeung, Hubert Piessevaux, Emmanuel Coron, Anne Jouret-Mourin, Pierre H Deprez
Background and study aims:  Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been developed as an option for treatment of esophageal, gastric and colorectal lesions. However, there is no consensus on the role of ESD in duodenal tumors. Methods:  This systematic review and meta-analysis compared ESD and endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) in sporadic non-ampullary superficial duodenal tumors (NASDTs), including local experience. We conducted a search in PubMed, Scopus and the Cochrane library up to August 2017 to identify studies that compared both techniques reporting at least one main outcome (en-bloc/complete resection, local recurrence)...
August 2018: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30083458/effectiveness-and-adequacy-of-blinding-in-the-moderation-of-pain-outcomes-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-dry-needling-trials
#20
Felicity A Braithwaite, Julie L Walters, Lok Sze Katrina Li, G Lorimer Moseley, Marie T Williams, Maureen P McEvoy
Background: Blinding is critical to clinical trials because it allows for separation of specific intervention effects from bias, by equalising all factors between groups except for the proposed mechanism of action. Absent or inadequate blinding in clinical trials has consistently been shown in large meta-analyses to result in overestimation of intervention effects. Blinding in dry needling trials, particularly blinding of participants and therapists, is a practical challenge; therefore, specific effects of dry needling have yet to be determined...
2018: PeerJ
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