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search AND technique* AND "systematic review*"

Luciane Geanini Pena Dos Santos, Luiz Alexandre Chisini, Camila Guerner Springmann, Beatriz Dulcineia Mendes de Souza, Fernanda Geraldo Pappen, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Mara Cristina Santos Felippe, Wilson Tadeu Felippe
This systematic review aimed to evaluate whether alternative materials to conventional triple antibiotic paste (TAP - metronidazole, ciprofloxacin, and minocycline) and grey mineral trioxide aggregate (GMTA) could avoid tooth discoloration in teeth submitted to Regenerative Endodontic Procedure (REP). It was also investigated if dental bleaching is able to reverse the color of darkened teeth due to REP. The search was conducted in four databases (Medline via PubMed, Scopus, ISI Web of Science and BVS - Virtual health library), following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses...
September 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Thais Massetti, Talita Dias da Silva, Tânia Brusque Crocetta, Regiani Guarnieri, Bruna Leal de Freitas, Priscila Bianchi Lopes, Suzanna Watson, James Tonks, Carlos Bandeira de Mello Monteiro
Background: Virtual reality (VR) experiences (through games and virtual environments) are increasingly being used in physical, cognitive, and psychological interventions. However, the impact of VR as an approach to rehabilitation is not fully understood, and its advantages over traditional rehabilitation techniques are yet to be established. Method: We present a systematic review which was conducted according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)...
2018: Journal of Central Nervous System Disease
Anabela B Paula, Mafalda Laranjo, Carlos-Miguel Marto, Siri Paulo, Ana M Abrantes, João Casalta-Lopes, Manuel Marques-Ferreira, Maria Filomena Botelho, Eunice Carrilho
INTRODUCTION: Direct pulp capping therapies use biomaterials to protect exposed tissues, inducing repair through the production of a mineralized barrier. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of biomaterials and techniques by means of a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: The PubMed, Cochrane, and Embase databases were used to search the literature published from January 1, 1980 until August 31, 2017. Studies that met inclusion criteria were screened by 2 authors individually...
December 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
John Zaki, Marwa Alnawawy, Nermin Yussif, Ahmed Elkhadem
BACKGROUND: Autogenous intraoral block grafting is the gold standard augmentation technique for moderate-to-severe horizontal ridge deficiency. However, the graft undergoes variable resorption during healing that might jeopardize the outcome of the procedure. Several studies hypothesized that covering the graft with a membrane decreases the amount of graft resorption, but this effect is not established in the literature. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the clinical value of covering intraoral block grafts with membranes in horizontal ridge augmentation regarding graft resorption (primary outcome), graft success, net bone gain, and complications (secondary outcomes)...
December 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
Elissa Burton, Kaela Farrier, Gill Lewin, Mark Petrich, Eileen Boyle, Keith D Hill
PURPOSE: To review available evidence on older people's ability to get up off the floor independently and determine the effectiveness of interventions to improve older adults' ability to rise from the floor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven databases were searched between January 1975 and June 2018. Eligibility criteria included: people aged ≥60; interventions to improve strength/function including ability to get up off the floor (for intervention studies); comparison groups (for randomized and nonrandomized controlled trials); outcome: quantitative or qualitative evaluation of ability to get up off the floor...
December 4, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
N J Roberts, L Kidd, K Kirkwood, J Cross, M R Partridge
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is a core component of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) management with well recognized benefits. While suggestions for educational content within pulmonary rehabilitation have been detailed in clinical guidance, it is unclear what educational content is delivered as part of pulmonary rehabilitation, who delivers it, and how it is delivered. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to identify what educational content is delivered as part of pulmonary rehabilitation, how is this delivered and who delivers it...
December 2018: Respiratory Medicine
Panagiota Kyriakou, Dimitrios Mouselimis, Anastasios Tsarouchas, Angelos Rigopoulos, Constantinos Bakogiannis, Michel Noutsias, Vasileios Vassilikos
BACKGROUND: Cardiac Amyloidosis (CA) pertains to the cardiac involvement of a group of diseases, in which misfolded proteins deposit in tissues and cause progressive organ damage. The vast majority of CA cases are caused by light chain amyloidosis (AL) and transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTR). The increased awareness of these diseases has led to an increment of newly diagnosed cases each year. METHODS: We performed multiple searches on MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
December 4, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Jaya Sanapati, Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Sairam Atluri, Sheldon Jordan, Sheri L Albers, Miguel A Pappolla, Alan D Kaye, Kenneth D Candido, Vidyasagar Pampati, Joshua A Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Several cell-based therapies have been proposed in recent years the management of low back pain, including the injection of medicinal signaling cells or mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP). However, there is only emerging clinical evidence to support their use at this time. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of MSCs or PRP injections in the treatment of low back and lower extremity pain. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review and metaanalysis of the effectiveness of PRP and MSCs injections in managing low back and lower extremity pain...
November 2018: Pain Physician
Sameah A Haider, Seokchun Lim, Steven N Kalkanis, Ian Y Lee
BACKGROUND: Glioma surgery at its nascency relied predominantly on visual and tactile feedback for the removal of grossly abnormal tissue. This technique has inherent limitations in delineating infiltrative tumor from normal brain, thus limiting the ability to achieve a gross total resection consistently. Since extent of resection (EOR) is consistently correlated with measures of survival, fluorescence-guided surgery shows promise in improving our ability to treat high-grade gliomas (HGG)...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Karishma Kodia, Sinal Patel, Matthew P Weber, Jessica G Y Luc, Jae Hwan Choi, Elizabeth J Maynes, Syed-Saif Abbas Rizvi, Dylan P Horan, H Todd Massey, John W Entwistle, Rohinton J Morris, Vakhtang Tchantchaleishvili
Background: Saphenous vein grafts (SVG) are a commonly used conduit for coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and can be harvested by either an open or endoscopic technique. Our goal was to evaluate long-term angiographic and clinical outcomes of open compared to endoscopic SVG harvest for CABG. Methods: Electronic search was performed to identify all studies in the English literature that compared open and endoscopic SVG harvesting for CABG with at least one year of follow-up...
September 2018: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Raphael Crum, S A Darren de, Olufemi R Ayeni, Volker Musahl
Importance: This review highlights a lack of consensus and need for further study regarding optimal tibial tunnel preparation method in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Objective: This review examines existing clinical and biomechanical outcomes of both extraction drilling (ED) and serial dilation (SD) as a technique for tibial tunnel preparation in ACLR. Evidence Review: In accordance with PRISMA guidelines, three electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMed) were searched and systematically screened in duplicate from database inception to September 6, 2017 for English-language, human studies, of all levels of evidence that examined ED and/or SD for tibial tunnel preparation in ACLR...
May 2018: Journal of ISAKOS
James Randolph Onggo, Mithun Nambiar, Kevin Phan, Benjamin Hickey, Anuruthran Ambikaipalan, Raphael Hau, Harvinder Bedi
BACKGROUND: Ankle syndesmotic injuries can be surgically managed with syndesmosis screws (SS) or suture button (SB) fixation. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) aiming to compare the clinical and complication profiles of both modalities. METHODS: A multi-database search up to 4th of March 2018 was performed according to PRISMA guidelines. All RCTs comparing both techniques and published in English were included. RESULTS: Five RCTs with a total of 280 patients (140 SB, 140 SS) were included for analysis...
November 22, 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Sarah E Moore, Megan McMullan, Claire T McEvoy, Michelle C McKinley, Jayne V Woodside
OBJECTIVE: There is an urgent need to find effective methods of supporting individuals to make dietary behaviour changes. Peer-supported interventions (PSI) have been suggested as a cost-effective strategy to support chronic disease self-management. However, the effect of PSI on dietary behaviour is unclear. The present systematic review aimed to assess the effectiveness of PSI for encouraging dietary behaviour change in adults and to consider intervention characteristics linked with effectiveness...
December 3, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Lisa Jane Brighton, Sophie Miller, Morag Farquhar, Sara Booth, Deokhee Yi, Wei Gao, Sabrina Bajwah, William D-C Man, Irene J Higginson, Matthew Maddocks
BACKGROUND: Breathlessness is a common, distressing symptom in people with advanced disease and a marker of deterioration. Holistic services that draw on integrated palliative care have been developed for this group. This systematic review aimed to examine the outcomes, experiences and therapeutic components of these services. METHODS: Systematic review searching nine databases to June 2017 for experimental, qualitative and observational studies. Eligibility and quality were independently assessed by two authors...
November 29, 2018: Thorax
Charalabos-Markos Dintsios, Nadja Chernyak, Benjamin Grehl, Andrea Icks
BACKGROUND: The 20-70% participation of diabetes patients in lifestyle interventions (LSI) worldwide seems to be rather sub-optimal, in spite of all intents of such interventions to delay further progress of the disease. Positive effects through LSI are expected in particular for patients who suffer less from diabetes-related limitations or other chronic diseases. Seeing that diabetes prevalence and with it mortality are increasing, LSI have become an inherent part of diabetes treatment standards...
November 29, 2018: Systematic Reviews
James Rufus John, Shima Ghassempour, Federico Girosi, Evan Atlantis
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that the Patient-Centred Medical Home (PCMH) model of primary care is more effective than standard care for improving clinical outcomes in patients with chronic diseases (non-communicable diseases), but the strength of the evidence base is unclear. The aim of the proposed systematic review is to generate a current synthesis of relevant studies on the effectiveness of PCMH model of primary care versus standard care in chronic disease management. METHODS: Electronic databases such as MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Scopus will be searched using predefined search terms for PCMH, primary care, and chronic diseases for articles published up to November 2018...
November 29, 2018: Systematic Reviews
Dong-Geun Kang, Young-Jin Park, Jae-Ha Yu, Jong-Byung Oh, Dong-Yeong Lee
Purpose: The purposes of the present study were to review published studies that investigated arthroscopic meniscus repair to treat meniscus injury in young patients and to compare all-inside and inside-out suture techniques. Methods: Various electronic databases were queried for published articles, and this search was updated in August 2017 for evaluating the outcomes of arthroscopic meniscus surgery in young patients. Data search, extraction, analysis, and quality assessment were performed according to the Cochrane Collaboration guidelines, and the clinical outcomes were evaluated using various outcome values in young patients according to suture techniques...
November 29, 2018: Knee Surgery & related Research
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVEDifferent CSF diversion procedures (ventriculoperitoneal, ventriculoatrial, and lumboperitoneal shunting) have been utilized for the treatment of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. More recently, endoscopic third ventriculostomy has been suggested as a reasonable alternative in some studies. The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess overall rates of favorable outcomes and adverse events for each of these treatments. An additional objective was to determine the outcomes and complication rates in relation to the type of valve utilized (fixed vs programmable)...
November 1, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Konstantinos Spanos, Tilo Kölbel, Fiona Rohlffs, Franziska Heidemann, Athanasios D Giannoukas, Sebastian E Debus, Nikolaos Tsilimparis
BACKGROUND: Residual patent false lumen (FL) after chronic type B (cTBAD) or type A aortic dissection (TAAD) treatment is independently associated with poor long-term outcome. The aim of our study was to present endovascular techniques and the existing experience of targeted false lumen (FL) thrombosis after cTBAD or type A TAAD treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review was performed (PRISMA) searching in MEDLINE, CENTRAL, and Cochrane databases including studies reporting on targeted FL occlusion after cTBAD or TAAD...
November 26, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Pegah Mahmoodi, Mona Fani, Majid Rezayi, Amir Avan, Zahra Pasdar, Ehsan Karimi, Iraj S Amiri, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
Human papillomavirus type (HPV) is a common cause of sexually transmitted disease (STD) in humans. HPV types 16 and 18 as the highest risk types are related with gynecologic malignancy and cervical cancer (CC) among women worldwide. Recently, considerable development of genosensors, which allows dynamic monitoring of hybridization events for HPV-16 and 18, has been a topic of focus by many researchers. In this systematic review, we highlight the route of development of DNA-based genosensory detection methods for diagnosis of high risk of HPV precancer...
November 29, 2018: BioFactors
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