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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727210/thermal-affinity-as-the-dominant-factor-changing-mediterranean-fish-abundances
#1
Or Givan, Dor Edelist, Oren Sonin, Jonathan Belmaker
Recent decades have seen profound changes in species abundance and community composition. In the marine environment, the major anthropogenic drivers of change comprise exploitation, invasion by non-indigenous species, and climate change. However, the magnitude of these stressors has been widely debated and we lack empirical estimates of their relative importance. In this study, we focused on Eastern Mediterranean, a region exposed to an invasion of species of Red Sea origin, extreme climate change, and high fishing pressure...
July 20, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726755/control-measurements-of-crane-rails-performed-by-terrestrial-laser-scanning
#2
Klemen Kregar, Jan Možina, Tomaž Ambrožič, Dušan Kogoj, Aleš Marjetič, Gašper Štebe, Simona Savšek
This article presents a method for measuring the geometry of crane rails with terrestrial laser scanning (TLS). Two sets of crane rails were divided into segments, their planes were adjusted, and the characteristic rail lines were defined. We used their profiles to define the positional and altitude deviations of the rails, the span and height difference between the two rails, and we also verified that they complied with the Eurocode 3 standard. We tested the method on crane rails at the hydroelectric power plant in Krško and the thermal power plant in Brestanica...
July 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726658/-optimization-of-diagnostics-of-exudative-pleuritis-of-unknown-origin
#3
B Bayramov
The article describes 143 cases of exudative pleuritis of unknown origin in patients who were diagnosed and treated with any minimally invasive surgical procedures: pleural puncture (PP), video-assisted thoracoscopy (VATS) with biopsy of the pleura. A different diagnostic methods (cytological, microbiological, histological) used in various diagnostic surgical procedures are analyzed in detail and calculated diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of each method. Based on the analysis of cytological, histological and microbiological studies in the performance of VATS concluded relatively high, comparable with the method of open pleural biopsy, diagnostic efficiency, the sensitivity of this method in the scheme of the diagnostic algorithm of EP of unknown origin...
June 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726466/correction-to-summary-report-of-journal-operations-2014
#4
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Summary report of journal operations, 2014" by (American Psychologist, 2015[Jul-Aug], Vol 70[5], 455-456). In the report on p. 455 the columns displaying average publication lag time for online first and print articles were reversed. In addition, the reported number of accepted manuscripts for the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology should be 118, not 65, and the rejection rate should be 86% rather than 91%. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2015-33530-012...
July 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726265/how-to-havest-the-greatest-length-of-tibialis-posterior-tendon-in-tibialis-posterior-tendon-transfer-a-cadaveric-study
#5
Korakot Thamphongsri, Thos Harnroongroj, Atthakorn Jarusriwanna, Bavornrit Chuckpaiwong
INTRODUCTION: In anterior transfer of the tibialis posterior tendon, the tendon was harvested using two incisions, the first at its attachment point on the navicular bone and second on the medial side of the leg above the medial malleolus. To provide the maximum tendon length, the second incision needs to be as proximal as possible but injury to the muscle origin must be avoided. The purpose of this study is to establish the location of the second incision that yields the greatest tendon length...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726261/origin-and-prevalence-of-the-accessory-phrenic-nerve-a-meta-analysis-and-clinical-appraisal
#6
REVIEW
Matthew J Graves, Brandon Michael Henry, Wan Chin Hsieh, Beatrice Sanna, Przemysław A Pękala, Joe Iwanaga, Marios Loukas, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski
INTRODUCTION: The Accessory Phrenic Nerve (APN) is a common anatomical variant with differing reports of prevalence in the literature. It can be injured during operative procedures to the neck and thorax or by regional anesthetic techniques in its vicinity. Our aim was to provide a comprehensive evidence-based assessment of the prevalence and origins of the APN. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The databases PubMed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, ScienceDirect, EMBASE, BIOSIS, SciELO, and Web of Science were searched comprehensively, followed by assessment of eligibility and extraction of data concerning the APN...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725962/optimal-positioning-of-the-nipple-areola-complex-in-men-using-the-mohrenheim-estimated-tangential-tracking-line-mett-line-an-intuitive-approach
#7
Tobias R Mett, Nicco Krezdorn, Rosalia Luketina, Maria K Boyce, Helga Henseler, Ramin Ipaktchi, Peter M Vogt
INTRODUCTION: The reconstruction of the body shape after post-bariatric surgery or high-grade gynecomastia involves, besides skin tightening, the repositioning of anatomical, apparent landmarks. The surgeon usually defines these during the preoperative planning. In particular, the positions of the nipple-areola complexes (NAC) should contribute to the gender-appropriate appearance. While in the female breast numerous methods have been developed to determine the optimal position of the NACs, there are only a few, metric and often impractical algorithms for positioning the nipples and areoles in the male...
July 19, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724643/a-review-of-the-characteristics-of-dietary-fibers-relevant-to-appetite-and-energy-intake-outcomes-in-human-intervention-trials
#8
Kaisa S Poutanen, Pierre Dussort, Alfrun Erkner, Susana Fiszman, Kavita Karnik, Mette Kristensen, Cyril Fm Marsaux, Sophie Miquel-Kergoat, Saara P Pentikäinen, Peter Putz, Joanne L Slavin, Robert E Steinert, David J Mela
Background: Many intervention studies have tested the effect of dietary fibers (DFs) on appetite-related outcomes, with inconsistent results. However, DFs comprise a wide range of compounds with diverse properties, and the specific contribution of these to appetite control is not well characterized.Objective: The influence of specific DF characteristics [i.e., viscosity, gel-forming capacity, fermentability, or molecular weight (MW)] on appetite-related outcomes was assessed in healthy humans.Design: Controlled human intervention trials that tested the effects of well-characterized DFs on appetite ratings or energy intake were identified from a systematic search of literature...
July 19, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724316/molecular-diagnosis-of-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease
#9
Xuewen Song, Amirreza Haghighi, Ioan-Andrei Iliuta, York Pei
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common inherited kidney disease that accounts for 5-10% of end-stage renal disease in developed countries. Mutations in PKD1 and PKD2 account for a majority of cases. Mutation screening of PKD1 is technically challenging largely due to the complexity resulting from duplication of its first 33 exons in six highly homologous pseudogenes (i.e. PKD1P1-P6). Protocol using locus-specific long-range and nested PCR has enabled comprehensive PKD1 mutation screening but is labor-intensive and costly...
July 20, 2017: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724301/sacred-space-and-the-healing-journey
#10
Paul L Alt
Sacred space and spirituality have long been used to heal the mind, body, and spirit. This article illuminates the origins of sacred space and its role as a healing environment from the first human construct, the burial mound, to the 5th Century BCE Greek healing city of Epidaurus. It then examines the role of spirituality as one of the necessary human institutions for a healthy society, according to the Italian philosopher Giambattista Vico. The conclusion then surveys three contemporary healing environments' architecture, the Department of Veteran Affairs Healing Environment Design Guideline (VAHEDG), and how these sacred spaces mend individual and community ailments...
July 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724128/topical-corticosteroid-phobia-in-atopic-dermatitis-a-systematic-review
#11
Alvin W Li, Emily S Yin, Richard J Antaya
Importance: Topical corticosteroid (TCS) phobia refers to the negative feelings and beliefs related to TCSs experienced by patients and patients' caregivers. This phenomenon may be a major contributing factor in treatment failure in patients with atopic dermatitis, yet it has been sparsely described in the literature. Objective: To systematically assess the nomenclature, prevalence, origins, and effect on treatment adherence of TCS phobia in atopic dermatitis. Evidence Review: A literature search was conducted using specific eligibility criteria across electronic databases, including Ovid (MEDLINE, EMBASE), PubMed, and Web of Science, for articles published from January 1, 1946, to October 31, 2016...
July 19, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723516/the-molecular-evolution-of-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Yvonne Ceder, Anders Bjartell, Zoran Culig, Mark A Rubin, Scott Tomlins, Tapio Visakorpi
CONTEXT: Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is the backbone of treatment for advanced prostate cancer. However, castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) nearly invariably develops through a range of different molecular mechanisms accompanied by progression to a more aggressive phenotype. OBJECTIVE: To understand the key molecular mechanisms leading to CRPC and the functional implications of this progression. Understanding molecular evolutionary mechanisms in CRPC is essential for the development of novel curative therapeutic approaches...
December 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723470/sexually-transmitted-disease-and-male-infertility-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Mikkel Fode, Ferdinando Fusco, Larry Lipshultz, Wolfgang Weidner
CONTEXT: Theoretically, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) have the potential to disrupt male fertility; however, the topic remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: To describe the possible association between STDs and male infertility and to explore possible pathophysiologic mechanisms. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We performed a systematic literature review in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched for articles published before January 1, 2016, using the MeSH terms for a variety of STDs and infertility...
October 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723273/the-repair-project-examining-the-biological-impacts-of-sub-background-radiation-exposure-within-snolab-a-deep-underground-laboratory
#14
Christopher Thome, Sujeenthar Tharmalingam, Jake Pirkkanen, Andrew Zarnke, Taylor Laframboise, Douglas R Boreham
Considerable attention has been given to understanding the biological effects of low-dose ionizing radiation exposure at levels slightly above background. However, relatively few studies have been performed to examine the inverse, where natural background radiation is removed. The limited available data suggest that organisms exposed to sub-background radiation environments undergo reduced growth and an impaired capacity to repair genetic damage. Shielding from background radiation is inherently difficult due to high-energy cosmic radiation...
July 19, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722786/oncogenic-transformation-of-lung-cells-results-in-distinct-exosome-protein-profile-similar-to-the-cell-of-origin
#15
Richard J Lobb, Marcus L Hastie, Emma L Norris, Rosa van Amerongen, Jeffrey J Gorman, Andreas Möller
Lung cancer is responsible for the highest rate of cancer mortality worldwide. Lung cancer patients are often ineligible for tumour biopsies due to co-morbidities. As a result, patients may not have the most effective treatment regimens administered. Patients with mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) have improved survival in response to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). A non-invasive method of determining EGFR mutations in patients would have promising clinical applications. Exosomes have the potential to be non-invasive novel diagnostic markers in cancer...
July 19, 2017: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722555/understanding-the-state-of-health-policy-and-systems-research-in-west-africa-and-capacity-strengthening-needs-scoping-of-peer-reviewed-publications-trends-and-patterns-1990-2015
#16
Selina Defor, Aku Kwamie, Irene Akua Agyepong
BACKGROUND: The need for locally-driven, locally-generated evidence to guide health policy and systems decision-making and implementation in West Africa remains urgent. Thus, health policy and systems research (HPSR) is a field with great potential for addressing many of the sub-region's intransigent health challenges. This paper presents an analysis of trends and patterns of peer-reviewed HPSR publications across the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), to help understand trends and patterns of HPSR publication and the degree of involvement of West African researchers in HPSR evidence generation in the sub-region...
July 12, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722549/adaptive-reuse-in-the-healthcare-industry-repurposing-abandoned-buildings-to-serve-medical-missions
#17
James K Elrod, John L Fortenberry
BACKGROUND: Adaptive reuse-the practice of identifying, acquiring, renovating, and placing back into service a building or similar structure for a purpose different than that for which it was originally designed-offers great potential for addressing the spatial expansion needs of healthcare establishments in a unique and mutually beneficial manner. This repurposing approach, however, has received very little attention in the health sciences literature, diminishing the opportunities of those serving in hospitals, medical clinics, and related care providing institutions to acquire an understanding of the practice...
July 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722382/-evaluation-and-management-of-hyperhidrosis
#18
Sébastien Menzinger, Sandrine Quenan
Hyperhidrosis is excessive sweating beyond what is expected for thermoregulatory needs. Nearly 3 % of the population has hyperhidrosis. It may be primary or secondary to medications or general medical conditions, including diabetes mellitus, hyperthyroidism, Parkinson disease, etc. History taking and clinical examination are essential to differentiate primary from secondary origins. Blood tests and a consultation with a specialist (endocrinologist, neurologist) is sometimes necessary to establish the diagnosis...
March 29, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722327/transforming-growth-factor-beta-matrix-metalloproteinases-and-urokinase-type-plasminogen-activator-interaction-in-the-cancer-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition
#19
REVIEW
Juan F Santibanez, Hristina Obradović, Tamara Kukolj, Jelena Krstić
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) is a pleiotropic factor that acts as a tumor suppressor in the early stages, while it exerts tumor promoting activities in advanced stages of cancer development. One of the hallmarks of cancer progression is the capacity of cancer cells to migrate and invade surrounding tissues with subsequent metastasis to different organs. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) together with urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its receptor (uPAR), whose main original function described is the proteolytic degradation of the extracellular matrix, play key cellular roles in the enhancement of cell malignancy during cancer progression...
July 19, 2017: Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722201/susceptibility-induced-distortion-correction-in-hyperpolarized-echo-planar-imaging
#20
Jack J Miller, Angus Z Lau, Damian J Tyler
PURPOSE: Echo planar imaging is an attractive rapid imaging readout that can image hyperpolarized compounds in vivo. By alternating the sign of the phase encoding gradient waveform, spatial offsets arising from uncertain frequency shifts can be determined. We show here that blip-reversed echo planar imaging can also be used to correct for susceptibility and B0 inhomogeneity effects that would otherwise produce image-domain distortion in the heart. METHODS: Previously acquired blip-reversed cardiac 3D-Spectral-Spatial echo planar imaging volumetric timecourses of hyperpolarized [1-(13) C]pyruvate were distortion corrected by a deformation field estimated by reconstructing signal-to-noise ratio (SNR)-weighted progressively subsampled temporally summed images of each metabolite...
July 19, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
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