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Rebecca stratton

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30109170/adiposity-fitness-health-related-quality-of-life-and-the-reallocation-of-time-between-children-s-school-day-activity-behaviours-a-compositional-data-analysis
#1
Stuart J Fairclough, Dorothea Dumuid, Kelly A Mackintosh, Genevieve Stone, Rebecca Dagger, Gareth Stratton, Ian Davies, Lynne M Boddy
Sedentary time (ST), light (LPA), and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) constitute the range of school day activity behaviours. This study investigated whether the composition of school activity behaviours was associated with health indicators, and the predicted changes in health when time was reallocated between activity behaviours. Accelerometers were worn for 7-days between October and December 2010 by 318 UK children aged 10-11, to provide estimates of school day ST, LPA, and MVPA. BMI z-scores and percent waist-to-height ratio were calculated as indicators of adiposity...
September 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058522/-self-screening-for-malnutrition-with-an-electronic-version-of-the-malnutrition-universal-screening-tool-must-in-hospital-outpatients-concurrent-validity-preference-and-ease-of-use
#2
Abbie L Cawood, Emily R Walters, Sarah K E Sharp, Marinos Elia, Rebecca J Stratton
Self-screening using an electronic version of the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool ('MUST') has been developed but its implementation requires investigation. A total of 100 outpatients (mean age 50 (sd 16) years; 57 % male) self-screened with an electronic version of 'MUST' and were then screened by a healthcare professional (HCP) to assess concurrent validity. Ease of use, time to self-screen and prevalence of malnutrition were also assessed. A further twenty outpatients (mean age 54 (sd 15) years; 55 % male) examined preference between self- screening with paper and electronic versions of 'MUST'...
July 30, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719384/influence-of-deprivation-on-health-care-use-health-care-costs-and-mortality-in-copd
#3
Peter F Collins, Rebecca J Stratton, Ramesh J Kurukulaaratchy, Marinos Elia
Background and aim: Deprivation is associated with the incidence of COPD, but its independent impact on clinical outcomes is still relatively unknown. This study aimed to explore the influence of deprivation on health care use, costs, and survival. Methods: A total of 424 outpatients with COPD were assessed for deprivation across two hospitals. The English Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) was used to establish a deprivation score for each patient. The relationship between deprivation and 1-year health care use, costs, and mortality was examined, controlling for potential confounding variables (age, malnutrition risk, COPD severity, and smoking status)...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049376/antioxidants-and-nox1-nox4-inhibition-blocks-tgf%C3%AE-1-induced-ccn2-and-%C3%AE-sma-expression-in-dermal-and-gingival-fibroblasts
#4
Hannah Murphy-Marshman, Katherine Quensel, Xu Shi-Wen, Rebecca Barnfield, Jacalyn Kelly, Alex Peidl, Richard J Stratton, Andrew Leask
TGFbeta induces fibrogenic responses in fibroblasts. Reactive oxygen species (ROS)/nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase (NOX) may contribute to fibrogenic responses. Here, we examine if the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC), the NOX inhibitor diphenyleneiodonium (DPI) and the selective NOX1/NOX4 inhibitor GKT-137831 impairs the ability of TGFbeta to induce profibrotic gene expression in human gingival (HGF) and dermal (HDF) fibroblasts. We also assess if GKT-137831 can block the persistent fibrotic phenotype of lesional scleroderma (SSc) fibroblasts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922063/individual-calibration-of-accelerometers-in-children-and-their-health-related-implications
#5
Lynne M Boddy, Conor Cunningham, Stuart J Fairclough, Marie H Murphy, Gavin Breslin, Lawrence Foweather, Rebecca M Dagger, Lee E F Graves, Nicola D Hopkins, Gareth Stratton
This study compared children's physical activity (PA) levels, the prevalence of children meeting current guidelines of ≥60 minutes of daily moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA), and PA-health associations using individually calibrated (IC) and empirical accelerometer cutpoints. Data from 75 (n = 32 boys) 10-12 year old children were included in this study. Clustered cardiometabolic (CM) risk, directly measured cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), anthropometric and 7 day accelerometer data were included within analysis...
June 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506449/improved-growth-tolerance-and-intake-with-an-extensively-hydrolysed-peptide-feed-in-infants-with-complex-disease
#6
Chris Smith, Helen McCabe, Sarah Macdonald, Lara Morrison, Ruth Prigg, Sarah Trace, Jennifer Livingstone, Julia Callan, Jacqui Cotton, Gary Hubbard, Rebecca J Stratton
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Infants with complex medical conditions often display faltering growth due to elevated nutritional requirements, poor intake and intolerance of feeding with malabsorption and maldigestion. As a result their nutritional management can be extremely challenging and enteral nutritional support is required. This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness, tolerance and acceptability of nutritional support with a specially formulated, paediatric peptide feed in infants with complex disease and signs of growth faltering with their current nutritional management...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279548/cost-effectiveness-of-oral-nutritional-supplements-in-older-malnourished-care-home-residents
#7
Marinos Elia, Emma L Parsons, Abbie L Cawood, Trevor R Smith, Rebecca J Stratton
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition is common in care home residents, but information on the cost-effectiveness of nutritional interventions is lacking. This study, involving a randomised trial in care home residents, aimed to examine whether oral nutritional supplements (ONS) are cost-effective relative to dietary advice. METHODS: An incremental cost-effectiveness analysis was undertaken prospectively in 104 older care home residents (88 ± 8 years) without overt dementia, who were randomised to receive either ONS or dietary advice for 12 weeks...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848724/results-from-wales-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth-is-wales-turning-the-tide-on-children-s-inactivity
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Richard Tyler, Marianne Mannello, Rebecca Mattingley, Chris Roberts, Robert Sage, Suzan R Taylor, Malcolm Ward, Simon Williams, Gareth Stratton
BACKGROUND: This is the second Active Healthy Kids Wales Report Card. The 2016 version consolidates and translates research related to physical activity (PA) among children and youth in Wales, and aims to raise the awareness of children's engagement in PA and sedentary behaviors. METHODS: Ten PA indicators were graded using the Active Healthy Kids-Canada Report Card methodology involving a synthesis and expert consensus of the best available evidence. RESULTS: Grades were assigned as follows: Overall PA, D+; Organized Sport Participation, C; Active and Outdoor Play, C; Active Transportation, C; Sedentary Behaviors, D-; Physical Literacy, INC; Family and Peer Influences, D+; School, B; Community and the Built Environment, C; and National Government Policy, Strategies, and Investments, B-...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801547/utility-of-three-anthropometric-indices-in-assessing-the-cardiometabolic-risk-profile-in-children
#9
Duncan S Buchan, Lynne M Boddy, Fergal M Grace, Elise Brown, Nicholas Sculthorpe, Conor Cunningham, Marie H Murphy, Rebecca Dagger, Lawrence Foweather, Lee E F Graves, Nicola D Hopkins, Gareth Stratton, Julien S Baker
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the ability of BMI, WC, and WHtR to identify increased cardiometabolic risk in pre-adolescents. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study involving 192 children (10.92 ± 0.58 years, 56% female) from the United Kingdom between 2010 and 2013. Receiver operating characteristic curves determined the discriminatory ability of BMI, WC and WHtR to identify individuals with increased cardiometabolic risk (increased clustered triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol, systolic blood pressure, cardiorespiratory fitness, and glucose)...
May 6, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615322/mutational-signatures-of-ionizing-radiation-in-second-malignancies
#10
Sam Behjati, Gunes Gundem, David C Wedge, Nicola D Roberts, Patrick S Tarpey, Susanna L Cooke, Peter Van Loo, Ludmil B Alexandrov, Manasa Ramakrishna, Helen Davies, Serena Nik-Zainal, Claire Hardy, Calli Latimer, Keiran M Raine, Lucy Stebbings, Andy Menzies, David Jones, Rebecca Shepherd, Adam P Butler, Jon W Teague, Mette Jorgensen, Bhavisha Khatri, Nischalan Pillay, Adam Shlien, P Andrew Futreal, Christophe Badie, Ultan McDermott, G Steven Bova, Andrea L Richardson, Adrienne M Flanagan, Michael R Stratton, Peter J Campbell
Ionizing radiation is a potent carcinogen, inducing cancer through DNA damage. The signatures of mutations arising in human tissues following in vivo exposure to ionizing radiation have not been documented. Here, we searched for signatures of ionizing radiation in 12 radiation-associated second malignancies of different tumour types. Two signatures of somatic mutation characterize ionizing radiation exposure irrespective of tumour type. Compared with 319 radiation-naive tumours, radiation-associated tumours carry a median extra 201 deletions genome-wide, sized 1-100 base pairs often with microhomology at the junction...
September 12, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566535/active-children-through-incentive-vouchers-evaluation-active-a-mixed-method-feasibility-study
#11
Danielle Christian, Charlotte Todd, Rebecca Hill, Jaynie Rance, Kelly Mackintosh, Gareth Stratton, Sinead Brophy
BACKGROUND: Adolescents face many barriers to physical activity, demonstrated by the decline in physical activity levels in teenage populations. This study aimed to assess the feasibility of overcoming such barriers via the implementation of an activity-promoting voucher scheme to teenagers in deprived areas. METHODS: All Year 9 pupils (n = 115; 13.3 ± 0.48 years; 51 % boys) from one secondary school in Wales (UK) participated. Participants received £25 of activity vouchers every month for six months for physical activity or sporting equipment...
August 26, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27135926/landscape-of-somatic-mutations-in-560-breast-cancer-whole-genome-sequences
#12
Serena Nik-Zainal, Helen Davies, Johan Staaf, Manasa Ramakrishna, Dominik Glodzik, Xueqing Zou, Inigo Martincorena, Ludmil B Alexandrov, Sancha Martin, David C Wedge, Peter Van Loo, Young Seok Ju, Marcel Smid, Arie B Brinkman, Sandro Morganella, Miriam R Aure, Ole Christian Lingjærde, Anita Langerød, Markus Ringnér, Sung-Min Ahn, Sandrine Boyault, Jane E Brock, Annegien Broeks, Adam Butler, Christine Desmedt, Luc Dirix, Serge Dronov, Aquila Fatima, John A Foekens, Moritz Gerstung, Gerrit K J Hooijer, Se Jin Jang, David R Jones, Hyung-Yong Kim, Tari A King, Savitri Krishnamurthy, Hee Jin Lee, Jeong-Yeon Lee, Yilong Li, Stuart McLaren, Andrew Menzies, Ville Mustonen, Sarah O'Meara, Iris Pauporté, Xavier Pivot, Colin A Purdie, Keiran Raine, Kamna Ramakrishnan, F Germán Rodríguez-González, Gilles Romieu, Anieta M Sieuwerts, Peter T Simpson, Rebecca Shepherd, Lucy Stebbings, Olafur A Stefansson, Jon Teague, Stefania Tommasi, Isabelle Treilleux, Gert G Van den Eynden, Peter Vermeulen, Anne Vincent-Salomon, Lucy Yates, Carlos Caldas, Laura van't Veer, Andrew Tutt, Stian Knappskog, Benita Kiat Tee Tan, Jos Jonkers, Åke Borg, Naoto T Ueno, Christos Sotiriou, Alain Viari, P Andrew Futreal, Peter J Campbell, Paul N Span, Steven Van Laere, Sunil R Lakhani, Jorunn E Eyfjord, Alastair M Thompson, Ewan Birney, Hendrik G Stunnenberg, Marc J van de Vijver, John W M Martens, Anne-Lise Børresen-Dale, Andrea L Richardson, Gu Kong, Gilles Thomas, Michael R Stratton
We analysed whole-genome sequences of 560 breast cancers to advance understanding of the driver mutations conferring clonal advantage and the mutational processes generating somatic mutations. We found that 93 protein-coding cancer genes carried probable driver mutations. Some non-coding regions exhibited high mutation frequencies, but most have distinctive structural features probably causing elevated mutation rates and do not contain driver mutations. Mutational signature analysis was extended to genome rearrangements and revealed twelve base substitution and six rearrangement signatures...
June 2, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26847947/oral-nutritional-supplements-in-a-randomised-trial-are-more-effective-than-dietary-advice-at-improving-quality-of-life-in-malnourished-care-home-residents
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Emma L Parsons, Rebecca J Stratton, Abbie L Cawood, Trevor R Smith, Marinos Elia
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Few trials have explored the effect of nutrition support on quality of life (QoL). This study examined the effects of oral nutritional supplements (ONS) vs dietary advice on QoL in malnourished care home residents. METHODS: 104 malnourished, care home residents (medium + high risk), identified using the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool ('MUST'), (mean age 88.5 ± 7.9y) were randomised to receive either oral nutritional supplements (ONS) (n = 53) or dietary advice (n = 51) for 12 weeks...
February 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26509683/intramuscular-heating-characteristics-of-multihour-low-intensity-therapeutic-ultrasound
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Justin H Rigby, Rebecca M Taggart, Kelly L Stratton, George K Lewis, David O Draper
CONTEXT: The heating characteristics of a stationary device delivering sustained acoustic medicine with low-intensity therapeutic ultrasound (LITUS) are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To measure intramuscular (IM) heating produced by a LITUS device developed for long-duration treatment of musculoskeletal injuries. DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. SETTING: University research laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: A total of 26 healthy volunteers (16 men, 10 women; age = 23...
November 2015: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26451301/a-phase-i-dose-escalation-clinical-trial-of-a-peptide-based-human-papillomavirus-therapeutic-vaccine-with-candida-skin-test-reagent-as-a-novel-vaccine-adjuvant-for-treating-women-with-biopsy-proven-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-2-3
#15
William W Greenfield, Shawna L Stratton, Rebecca S Myrick, Rita Vaughn, Lisa M Donnalley, Hannah N Coleman, Maria Mercado, Andrea M Moerman-Herzog, Horace J Spencer, Nancy R Andrews-Collins, Wilbur C Hitt, Gordon M Low, Nirvana A Manning, Samantha S McKelvey, Dora Smith, Michael V Smith, Amy M Phillips, C Matthew Quick, Susanne K Jeffus, Laura F Hutchins, Mayumi Nakagawa
PURPOSE : Non-surgical treatments for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2/3 (CIN2/3) are needed as surgical treatments have been shown to double preterm delivery rate. The goal of this study was to demonstrate safety of a human papillomavirus (HPV) therapeutic vaccine called PepCan, which consists of four current good-manufacturing production-grade peptides covering the HPV type 16 E6 protein and Candida skin test reagent as a novel adjuvant. PATIENTS AND METHODS : The study was a single-arm, single-institution, dose-escalation phase I clinical trial, and the patients (n = 24) were women with biopsy-proven CIN2/3...
October 2015: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26431697/parental-views-of-children-s-physical-activity-a-qualitative-study-with-parents-from-multi-ethnic-backgrounds-living-in-england
#16
Joanne Trigwell, Rebecca Catherine Murphy, Nigel Timothy Cable, Gareth Stratton, Paula Mary Watson
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend children and young people participate in at least 60 min of physical activity (PA) every day, however, findings from UK studies show PA levels of children vary across ethnic groups. Since parents play an instrumental role in determining children's PA levels, this article aims to explore parental views of children's PA in a multi-ethnic sample living in a large city in the North-West of England. METHODS: Six single-ethnic focus groups were conducted with 36 parents of school-aged children (4 to 16 years) with a predominantly low socio-economic status (SES)...
2015: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26336809/effects-of-recombinant-human-leptin-metreleptin-on-nocturnal-luteinizing-hormone-secretion-in-lipodystrophy-patients
#17
Brent S Abel, Ranganath Muniyappa, Pamela Stratton, Monica C Skarulis, Phillip Gorden, Rebecca J Brown
BACKGROUND: Leptin replacement in patients with leptin gene mutations improves hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. The effects of leptin replacement on luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion in patients with lipodystrophy are unknown. AIM: We examined nocturnal LH secretory dynamics on and off exogenous leptin therapy using a 2-period, nonrandomized study that included leptin-naïve and leptin-treated subjects with lipodystrophy. METHODS: In period 1 (5 days) the leptin-treated group (n = 4) continued leptin; leptin was then withdrawn for the next 14 days (period 2)...
2016: Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25968000/classification-of-accelerometer-wear-and-non-wear-events-in-seconds-for-monitoring-free-living-physical-activity
#18
Shang-Ming Zhou, Rebecca A Hill, Kelly Morgan, Gareth Stratton, Mike B Gravenor, Gunnar Bijlsma, Sinead Brophy
OBJECTIVE: To classify wear and non-wear time of accelerometer data for accurately quantifying physical activity in public health or population level research. DESIGN: A bi-moving-window-based approach was used to combine acceleration and skin temperature data to identify wear and non-wear time events in triaxial accelerometer data that monitor physical activity. SETTING: Local residents in Swansea, Wales, UK. PARTICIPANTS: 50 participants aged under 16 years (n=23) and over 17 years (n=27) were recruited in two phases: phase 1: design of the wear/non-wear algorithm (n=20) and phase 2: validation of the algorithm (n=30)...
May 11, 2015: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25540114/the-dynamic-family-home-a-qualitative-exploration-of-physical-environmental-influences-on-children-s-sedentary-behaviour-and-physical-activity-within-the-home-space
#19
Clover Maitland, Gareth Stratton, Sarah Foster, Rebecca Braham, Michael Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: Recent changes in home physical environments, such as decreasing outdoor space and increasing electronic media, may negatively affect health by facilitating sedentariness and reducing physical activity. As children spend much of their time at home they are particularly vulnerable. This study qualitatively explored family perceptions of physical environmental influences on sedentary behaviour and physical activity within the home space. METHODS: Home based interviews were conducted with 28 families with children aged 9-13 years (total n = 74 individuals), living in Perth, Australia...
2014: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25436959/monitoring-changes-in-skin-temperature-associated-with-exercise-in-horses-on-a-water-treadmill-by-use-of-infrared-thermography
#20
Kelly Yarnell, Jennifer Fleming, Tim D Stratton, Rebecca Brassington
Infrared thermography (IRT) was used to assess surface temperature change as an indirect measure of muscle activity and exercise associated changes in blood flow in the working hind limb muscles of horses (n=7) undergoing water treadmill exercise. Three treatments were investigated including the treadmill ran dry (TD), water at the height of the proximal interphalangeal joint (PIP) and water at the height of the carpus (CP). Maximum skin surface temperature was recorded from the region of the semitendinosus muscle during exercise at each water height...
October 2014: Journal of Thermal Biology
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