Read by QxMD icon Read

Community research

Emily L Fargo, Frank D'Amico, Aaron Pickering, Kathleen Fowler, Ronald Campbell, Megan Baumgartner
BACKGROUND:  Sepsis is a serious medical condition that can lead to organ dysfunction and death. Research shows that each hour delay in antibiotic administration increases mortality. The Surviving Sepsis Campaign Bundles created standards to assist in the timely treatment of patients with suspected sepsis to improve outcomes and reduce mortality. OBJECTIVE:  This article determines if the use of an electronic physician order-set decreases time to antibiotic ordering for patients with sepsis in the emergency department (ED)...
October 2018: Applied Clinical Informatics
Alison Chopel, Danielle Soto, Bre'Jaynae Joiner, Tina Benitez, Ruth Konoff, Lucy Rios, Elva Castellanos
BACKGROUND: Young mothers (age 14-24 years), who are often low income, are less likely than other mothers to breastfeed for 6 months. They also are more likely to be diagnosed with aggressive forms of breast cancer; breastfeeding significantly reduces this risk. While adolescent breastfeeding has been investigated from the perspective of the individual, the social ecological model recognizes the influence of factors at multiple levels. RESEARCH AIM: The aim was to identify social and structural barriers to and motivators of breastfeeding that young mothers may encounter...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Leisha Strachan, Tara-Leigh McHugh, Courtney Mason
This study aimed to understand how positive youth development through sport and physical activity is understood and experienced by urban indigenous youth. Research in positive youth development claims that structured physical activities are critical for development. The 5 Cs (i.e., confidence, competence, character, connection, caring) are a gold standard when discussing positive outcomes and are important characteristics for youth to possess to attain the sixth C-contribution. Indigenous leaders recognize the value of sport for indigenous children and youth...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
Susanna Dunachie, Parinya Chamnan
Four out of five people in the world with diabetes now live in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), and the incidence of diabetes is accelerating in poorer communities. Diabetes increases susceptibility to infection and worsens outcomes for some of the world's major infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, melioidosis and dengue, but the relationship between diabetes and many neglected tropical diseases is yet to be accurately characterised. There is some evidence that chronic viral infections such as hepatitis B and HIV may predispose to the development of type 2 diabetes by chronic inflammatory and immunometabolic mechanisms...
December 4, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Carolyn H Still, Nicholas M Pajewski, Gordon J Chelune, Stephen R Rapp, Kaycee M Sink, Virginia G Wadley, Jeff D Williamson, Alan J Lerner
Objective: To examine the association of global cognitive function assessed via the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and deficiencies in instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) on the Functional Activity Questionnaire (FAQ) in hypertensive older adults in the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT). Methods: In cross-sectional analysis, 9,296 SPRINT participants completed the MoCA at baseline. The FAQ was obtained from 2,705 informants for SPRINT participants scoring <21 or <22 on the MoCA, depending on education...
December 5, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
Ana Clara Camarotti, Gabriela Wald, Alejandro Capriati, Ana Lía Kornblit
This article presents a model for building a comprehensive community response to adolescent health problems. The approach is comprehensive in that it includes prevention and promotion, assistance and protection, and involves different sectors and areas of the State and the community. We describe the conceptual framework and principles of the model, developed based on debates regarding health promotion and collective health as well as the work experiences of the research team in different communities in Argentina over the last 15 years...
July 2018: Salud Colectiva
Franco Romaní, Jimmy Carreazo Pariasca, Jackelin Aguilar Madrid, Daniel Espinoza Herrera
Traditionally, research institutions have focused their efforts on generating scientific knowledge and disseminating it through traditional mechanisms such as scientific publications. Recently, several Latin American countries, through entities dedicated to the promotion of Science, Technology, and Innovation, are promoting the development of scientific culture in the general population, through various strategies of dissemination, popularization, or scientific appropriation. The National Institute of Health has implemented strategies of scientific divulgation, such as programs of educational visits in museums, divulgation in social networks and events of scientific divulgation...
July 2018: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
Mónica Rondón-Cotacio, Alberto Tobón-Castaño
OBJECTIVE.: To describe the activities of the malaria diagnostic network and its quality control in the Colombian-Peruvian border to characterize the functioning of the epidemiological surveillance system. MATERIALS AND METHODS.: Descriptive study with a research focus on implementation. We visited border communities with health care centers or volunteers trained to diagnose malaria. The visited sites were georeferenced to know their distribution. With information from departmental public health laboratories, the quality component was analyzed and compliance with the national guidelines for malaria diagnostic networks in the border area of the two countries was evidenced...
July 2018: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
Viviane Silva de Jesus, Samylla Maira Costa Siqueira, Climene Laura de Camargo, Ridalva Dias Martins Felzemburgh, Maria Carolina Ortiz Whitaker, Márcia Lúcia Dos Santos, Carolina Larrosa de Almeida
OBJECTIVE: to report the experience of research phases on promoting sustainable development based on social technologies with palm fiber artifacts in a vulnerable community. METHOD: this is an experience report that describes the phases of a multiprofessional project that sought sustainable development, and was conducted with inhabitants from a vulnerable community. RESULTS: the actions were developed in four phases: exploratory, planning, implementation and evaluation...
November 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Roberto Abadie, Shira Goldenberg, Melissa Welch-Lazoritz, Celia B Fisher
BACKGROUND: The establishment of trust between researchers and participants is critical to advance HIV and HCV prevention particularly among people who inject drugs (PWID) and other marginalized populations, yet empirical research on how to establish and maintain trust in the course of community health research is lacking. This paper documents ideas about trust between research participants and researchers amongst a sub-sample of PWID who were enrolled in a large, multi-year community health study of social networks and HIV/HCV risk that was recently conducted in rural Puerto Rico...
2018: PloS One
Valerie L Flax, John Chapola, Lemekeza Mokiwa, Innocent Mofolo, Henry Swira, Mina C Hosseinipour, Suzanne Maman
Based on formative research, HIV-positive women in Lilongwe District, Malawi receive little infant and young child feeding (IYCF) counseling postpartum and want more support for IYCF from their husbands. To address these gaps, we implemented a behavior change communication intervention promoting IYCF in village savings and loan associations (VSLAs) that included HIV-positive and HIV-negative women. The intervention consisted of 15 IYCF learning sessions facilitated by VSLA volunteers during regular VSLA meetings and included four sessions to which husbands were invited...
December 5, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Davoud Pourmarzi, Lisa Hall, Julie Hepworth, Andrew Smirnov, Tony Rahman, Gerrard FitzGerald
Several community-based models for treating Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection have been implemented to improve treatment accessibility and health outcomes. However, there is a lack of knowledge regarding how well these models achieve the desired goals. We conducted a mixed-method systematic review of quantitative and qualitative evidence about clinical effectiveness, cost effectiveness and acceptability of community-based HCV treatment models. Seventeen databases were researched for published and unpublished studies...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
Alec Hope, Bridget Haire
OBJECTIVE: HIV prevention tools such as pre-exposure prophylaxis require equitable access and uptake to protect all at-risk populations. This project assessed the perceived barriers to accessible HIV prevention for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander gay and bisexual men (GBM) and evaluated the presence of health promotion for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for this population from the perspective of service providers. METHODS: Eighteen semi-structured interviews with healthcare providers, researchers and AIDS Council employees were qualitatively analysed for themes and concepts related to PrEP-specific health promotion...
December 5, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
Lisa H Gou, Kari N Duerksen, Erica M Woodin
A key criticism of research on intimate partner violence (IPV) is that a sole focus on physical or psychological acts of aggression fails to account for other forms of manipulative behavior that may have serious consequences for partner and family functioning. The current study examines coercive control, or behavior designed to constrain or compel an intimate partner in some way, in a longitudinal community sample of 98 heterosexual couples assessed in the third trimester of pregnancy as well as at 1 and 2 years postpartum...
December 5, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
Anita Chung, Aileen Collier, Merryn Gott
BACKGROUND: Public health approaches to palliative care prioritise community-focused initiatives to support people with palliative care needs and their families. The nature and extent of these initiatives have not previously been reported. AIM: To identify community-led and/or focused initiatives that have been developed to support family carers of people with palliative care needs and for which evaluation information is reported in the empirical literature. DESIGN: An integrative study design was undertaken using systematic methods...
December 5, 2018: Palliative Medicine
J Sandjojo, W A Gebhardt, A M E E Zedlitz, J Hoekman, E Dusseldorp, J A den Haan, A W M Evers
BACKGROUND: Support staff of adults with intellectual disability (ID) play an important role in promoting independence in home and community settings. However, little is known about the types of behaviours staff should use to promote independence and instruments that assess such behaviour do not yet exist. The aim of this study was therefore to develop and initially validate a reliable questionnaire that measures the degree to which support staff display behaviours that promote independence in people with ID...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
Kaja E Kjørholt, Søren P Johnsen, Nickolaj R Kristensen, Daniel Prieto-Alhambra, Alma B Pedersen
We aimed to examine trends in the incidence of treated infections following hip fracture surgery in Denmark from 2005 to 2016. We conducted a nationwide cohort study using individual-level linked data from Danish population-based registries. We calculated cumulative incidence considering death as competing risk and, based on the pseudo-observation method, risk ratios (RRs) with 95% confidence interval (CI) using the period 2005-2006 as a reference. RRs were adjusted for age, sex, and comorbidity. A total of 74,771 patients aged 65 years or older with first-time hip fracture surgery were included...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Feiyue Deng, Anran Zhang, Catherine Chan
Developing culturally appropriate diabetes nutrition interventions for immigrants could be facilitated knowing what is successful in the home country and other relevant countries. The primary purpose of this scoping review was to identify the design and delivery methods of nutrition interventions for Chinese populations with type 2 diabetes, in their home countries and as immigrants to western countries. A total of 14 articles was retrieved and included. Overall, the approaches used in China often were modelled on intensive lifestyle programs although alternative strategies were also identified...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Alberto Arezzo, Nereo Vettoretto, Nader K Francis, Marco Augusto Bonino, Nathan J Curtis, Daniele Amparore, Simone Arolfo, Manuel Barberio, Luigi Boni, Ronit Brodie, Nicole Bouvy, Elisa Cassinotti, Thomas Carus, Enrico Checcucci, Petra Custers, Michele Diana, Marilou Jansen, Joris Jaspers, Gadi Marom, Kota Momose, Beat P Müller-Stich, Kyokazu Nakajima, Felix Nickel, Silvana Perretta, Francesco Porpiglia, Francisco Sánchez-Margallo, Juan A Sánchez-Margallo, Marlies Schijven, Gianfranco Silecchia, Roberto Passera, Yoav Mintz
BACKGROUND: The use of 3D laparoscopic systems is expanding. The European Association of Endoscopic Surgery (EAES) initiated a consensus development conference with the aim of creating evidence-based statements and recommendations for the surgical community. METHODS: Systematic reviews of the PubMed and Embase libraries were performed to identify evidence on potential benefits of 3D on clinical practice and patient outcomes. Statements and recommendations were prepared and unanimously agreed by an international surgical and engineering expert panel which were presented and voted at the EAES annual congress, London, May 2018...
December 4, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Melody S Goodman, Ejiro Gbaje, Sallie M Yassin, Janice Johnson Dias, Keon Gilbert, Vetta Thompson
Purpose: To adapt, implement, and evaluate a public health research methods training program for youth. The Community Research Fellows Training Program is an evidence-based public health research methods training program for adults (18 years and older). The Youth Research Fellows Training (YRFT) is an adaptation of this program for youth. Methods: University faculty facilitate didactic training sessions and experiential small group activities in biweekly sessions conducted as part of an existing 4-week summer camp...
2018: Health Equity
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"