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Interprofessional models of care

Terhi Toivo, Maarit Dimitrow, Juha Puustinen, Eeva Savela, Katariina Pelkonen, Valtteri Kiuru, Tuula Suominen, Sirkka Kinnunen, Mira Uunimäki, Sirkka-Liisa Kivelä, Saija Leikola, Marja Airaksinen
BACKGROUND: The magnitude of safety risks related to medications of the older adults has been evidenced by numerous studies, but less is known of how to manage and prevent these risks in different health care settings. The aim of this study was to coordinate resources for prospective medication risk management of home care clients ≥ 65 years in primary care and to develop a study design for demonstrating effectiveness of the procedure. METHODS: Health care units involved in the study are from primary care in Lohja, Southern Finland: home care (191 consented clients), the public healthcare center, and a private community pharmacy...
March 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Søren Kudsk-Iversen, Naomi Shamambo, M Dylan Bould
The majority of the world's population lacks access to safe, timely, and affordable surgical care. Although there is a health workforce crisis across the board in the poorest countries in the world, anesthesia is disproportionally affected. This article explores some of the key issues that must be tackled to strengthen the anesthesia workforce in low- and lower-middle-income countries. First, we need to increase the overall number of safe anesthesia providers to match a huge burden of disease, particularly in the poorest countries in the world and in remote and rural areas...
April 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Bonnie L Westra, Steven G Johnson, Samira Ali, Karen M Bavuso, Christopher A Cruz, Sarah Collins, Meg Furukawa, Mary L Hook, Anne LaFlamme, Kay Lytle, Lisiane Pruinelli, Tari Rajchel, Theresa Tess Settergren, Kathryn F Westman, Luann Whittenburg
BACKGROUND:  Secondary use of electronic health record (EHR) data can reduce costs of research and quality reporting. However, EHR data must be consistent within and across organizations. Flowsheet data provide a rich source of interprofessional data and represents a high volume of documentation; however, content is not standardized. Health care organizations design and implement customized content for different care areas creating duplicative data that is noncomparable. In a prior study, 10 information models (IMs) were derived from an EHR that included 2...
January 2018: Applied Clinical Informatics
Susanne Lohmann, Elke Mattern, Gertrud M Ayerle
OBJECTIVE: To explore how midwives perceive patient preferences related to midwifery care in Germany. DESIGN: This qualitative study, which was part of a larger study, used a hermeneutic-interpretive approach and involved focus group interviews with midwives. Data collection and analysis were done in a conjoined fashion between April 2015 and September 2016. SETTING: Four focus group interviews were conducted in four different federal states of Germany...
February 10, 2018: Midwifery
Carole Orchard, Linda L Pederson, Emily Read, Cornelia Mahler, Heather Laschinger
INTRODUCTION: The need to be able to assess collaborative practice in health care teams has been recognized in response to the direction for team-based care in a number of policy documents. The purpose of this study is to report on further refinement of such a measurement instrument, the Assessment of Interprofessional Team Collaboration Scale (AITCS) first published in 2012. To support this refinement, two objectives were set: Objective 1: to determine whether the items from the data collected in 2016 load on the same factors as found for the 2012 version of the 37-item AITCS...
January 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
Areeba Kara, Deborah DeMeester, Lindsey Lazo, Emily Cook, Susan Hendricks
Interprofessional collaboration is fundamental to providing optimal patient care. The readiness of the team entering a framework of interprofessional collaborative practice is critical to its success. In this study, we conducted an interprofessional education (IPE) activity for medical and nursing students in an acute care setting. Over nine occasions, 21 student pairs (one nursing and one medical student per pair) jointly assessed a patient and created a list of problems and interventions to achieve the patient's goals...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Mollie Gordon, Temilola Salami, John Coverdale, Phuong T Nguyen
Human trafficking is an outrageous human rights violation with potentially devastating consequences to individuals and the public health. Victims are often underrecognized and there are few guidelines for how best to identify, care for, and safely reintegrate victims back into the community. The purpose of this paper is to propose a multifaceted, interdisciplinary, and interprofessional guideline for providing care and services to human trafficking victims. Databases such as PubMed and PsycINFO were searched for papers outlining human trafficking programs with a primary psychiatric focus...
March 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
E Matifat, K Perreault, M Gagné, M Léveillé, F Desmeules
BACKGROUND: To improve the efficiency of the health care system, new interprofessional models of care are emerging. In 2015, two provincial professional colleges, regulating the practice of physiotherapists and that of pharmacists in the province of Québec, Canada, developed a new interprofessional model of care. This model is designed to guide non-prescription medication recommendations by physiotherapists treating patients in primary care with neuromusculoskeletal disorders (NMSKD) with the collaboration of pharmacists...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Fiona McLeod, Caroline Jamison, Karen Treasure
BACKGROUND: To improve collaboration and the quality of care, healthcare programmes are increasingly promoting interprofessional education thereby enabling students to learn with, from and about each other. A reciprocal peer learning model has developed among pre-registration physiotherapy and adult nursing students at Plymouth University, England. Embedded within the curriculum, it provides voluntary opportunities for year two students to become cross professional peer tutors to year one students while enhancing interprofessional understanding and skills acquisition...
February 8, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Emily Sabato, Jessica Owens, Ann Marie Mauro, Patricia Findley, Sangeeta Lamba, Kim Fenesy
Approaching patient care from a holistic perspective, incorporating not only the patient's medical and dental history but also psychosocial history, improves patient outcomes. Practitioners should be trained to provide this style of care through inclusive education, including training working on interprofessional teams. A component of this education must incorporate social determinants of health into the treatment plan. Social determinants of health include income, race/ethnicity, education level, work opportunities, living conditions, and access to health care...
March 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Rachelle Ashcroft, Colleen McMillan, Wayne Ambrose-Miller, Ryan McKee, Judith Belle Brown
Primary health care systems are increasingly integrating interprofessional team-based approaches to care delivery. As members of these interprofessional primary health care teams, it is important for social workers to explore our experiences of integration into these newly emerging teams to help strengthen patient care. Despite the expansion of social work within primary health care settings, few studies have examined the integration of social work's role into this expanding area of the health care system. A survey was conducted with Canadian social work practitioners who were employed within Family Health Teams (FHTs), an interprofessional model of primary health care in Ontario emerging from a period of health care reform...
February 27, 2018: Health & Social Work
Jamie K Fujioka, Raza M Mirza, P Lynn McDonald, Christopher A Klinger
RESEARCH AIMS: With the growing interest in Medical Assistance in Dying (MAiD), understanding health care professionals' roles and experiences in handling requests is necessary to evaluate the quality, consistency and efficacy of current practices. This scoping study sought to map the existing literature on health care providers' perspectives of their involvement in MAiD. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted to address the following: (1) What are the roles of diverse health care professionals in the provision of MAiD? and (2) What professional challenges arise when confronted with MAiD requests? A literature search in electronic databases and grey literature sources was performed...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Wendy L Ward, Laura A Shaffer, Elizabeth Getzoff Testa
Health Care reform calls for collaborative team-based care; psychologists must therefore strengthen their competencies for work in interprofessional clinical care settings. Toward that end, a group of psychologists participated with physicians, dieticians, physical activity specialists, nurses, and others in a national interprofessional workgroup focused on pediatric obesity. The interprofessional group was designed to identify areas in need of national advocacy, key assessment and treatment concerns, and gaps in internal policies and procedures in children's hospitals...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
William R Vincent, Paul Huiras, Jennifer Empfield, Kevin J Horbowicz, Keith Lewis, David McAneny, David Twitchell
PURPOSE: Results of an interprofessional formulary initiative to decrease postoperative prescribing of i.v. acetaminophen are reported. SUMMARY: After a medical center added i.v. acetaminophen to its formulary, increased prescribing of the i.v. formulation and a 3-fold price increase resulted in monthly spending of more than $40,000, prompting an organizationwide effort to curtail that cost while maintaining effective pain management. The surgery, anesthesia, and pharmacy departments applied the Institute for Healthcare Improvement's Model for Improvement to implement (1) pharmacist-led enforcement of prescribing restrictions, (2) retrospective evaluation of i...
February 21, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Heather V Nelson-Brantley, Debra J Ford, Karen L Miller, Kristin A Stegenga, Robert H Lee, Marjorie J Bott
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand how nurses in a 25-bed critical-access hospital (CAH) led change to become the 1st to achieve Magnet®. BACKGROUND: Approximately 21% of the US population lives in rural areas served by CAHs. Rural nurse executives are particularly challenged with limited resources. METHODS: Staff nurses, nurse managers, interprofessional care providers, the chief nursing officer, and board of directors (n = 27) were interviewed...
March 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
Nancy D Harada, Laural Traylor, Kathryn Wirtz Rugen, Judith L Bowen, C Scott Smith, Bradford Felker, Deborah Ludke, Ivy Tonnu-Mihara, Joshua L Ruberg, Jayson Adler, Kimberly Uhl, Annette L Gardner, Stuart C Gilman
This paper describes the Centers of Excellence in Primary Care Education (CoEPCE), a seven-site collaborative project funded by the Office of Academic Affiliations (OAA) within the Veterans Health Administration of the United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). The CoEPCE was established to fulfill OAA's vision of large-scale transformation of the clinical learning environment within VA primary care settings. This was accomplished by funding new Centers within VA facilities to develop models of interprofessional education (IPE) to teach health professions trainees to deliver high quality interprofessional team-based primary care to Veterans...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Wendy Ward, Alexandra Zagoloff, Cortney Rieck, William Robiner
This manuscript is an outgrowth of an invited panel presentation at the national Association for Psychologists in Academic Health Centers Conference in 2017 on Interprofessional Education (IPE). IPE is a structured and transformative educational strategy designed to provide active learning experiences where trainees from diverse healthcare professions gain shared content knowledge plus collaboration skills as they learn about, from, and with each other. Collaboration skills include understanding professional role distinctions and overlap, effective team-based communication, shared values/ethics and respect for each other's expertise, and teamwork dynamics...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Jing Li, Preetham Talari, Andrew Kelly, Barbara Latham, Sherri Dotson, Kim Manning, Lisa Thornsberry, Colleen Swartz, Mark V Williams
BACKGROUND: Despite recommendations and the need to accelerate redesign of delivery models to be team-based and patient-centred, professional silos and cultural and structural barriers that inhibit working together and communicating effectively still predominate in the hospital setting. Aiming to improve team-based rounding, we developed, implemented and evaluated the Interprofessional Teamwork Innovation Model (ITIM). METHODS: This quality improvement (QI) study was conducted at an academic medical centre...
February 14, 2018: BMJ Quality & Safety
Michele H Talley, Shea Polancich, Jason B Williamson, Jennifer S Frank, William Curry, John F Russell, Cynthia Selleck
Diabetes is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality; prevalence of diabetes is especially high in the southeastern United States among minority populations and those from lower socioeconomic sectors without access to health care services. The purpose of this project was to evaluate the clinical and financial outcomes of a nurse-led, interprofessional collaborative practice model that provides care coordination and transitional care for uninsured patients with diabetes. Data for this study were collected and evaluated from medical records of patients seen at the Providing Access to Health Care (PATH) Clinic between August 1, 2015, through May 30, 2017...
February 13, 2018: Population Health Management
Rosemary Saunders, Helen Dugmore, Karla Seaman, Rachel Singer, Fiona Lake
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional practice amongst health care professionals can facilitate effective collaboration and can improve health outcomes for patients. Interprofessional clinical placements have mainly been established within inpatient settings; however, ambulatory care settings can also provide interprofessional education. This study evaluates an interprofessional placement in ambulatory care for medical and nursing students. METHODS: Medical and nursing students undertook a 2-week interprofessional placement in respiratory, diabetes and chronic pain clinics, as well as within the patient's home...
February 12, 2018: Clinical Teacher
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